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PROBLEM 5.

1
Locate the centroid of the plane area shown.

/'
;'
;J
SOLUTION J

1'(

I~O-
I CD
ee,
(j) T
Lie f
· _ ;500.......
2'2t""'...

-L
~ I~
I
I

.. 2"0 J fOO"'-' ~
tS'o......
~

A,nun2 x,nun y,nun x:4,nun3 yA,nun3


1 200 x 150 = 30000 -100 250 -30000000 6750000
2 400 x 300 = 120000 200 150 24000000 18000000
1: 150000 21000000 24750000

Then X
- =-UA = 21000000nun -
or X = 140.0 nun <11III
1:.4 150000

Y = 1:jA= 24750000nnn or Y = 165.0nnn <11III


1:.4 150000

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611
PROBLEM 5.13
Locate the centroid of the plane area shown.

SOLUTION

:!>..., )I

A.2
,m X,in. y,in. XA,in3 yA,in3
1 (18)(8)= 144 -3 4 -432 576

2 !(6)(9) = 27 2 -3 54 -81
2

3 1r(12)(9) = 84.823 -5.0930 -3.8197 -432.00 - 324.00


4
1: 255.82 -810.00 171.00

Then x = ~1:.4 = -810.00


255.82
in. or X = -3.17 in. ~

Y = :tjiA = 171.00 in.


1:.4 255.82
or Y = 0.668 in. ~

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624
y
PROBLEM 5.18
140
The horizontal x axis is drawn through the centroid C of the area shown

t. r
100
x
and divides the area into two component areas ~ and A2. Determine the
first moment of each component area with respect to the x axis, and
explain the results obtained.

LLti -I 20 f-
Dimensions in mm

SOLUTION

'fl
I
I 'I ·
· i
'10W\M

.tL
C'L

i--
4-0""''''\

'I
A, nun2 y,nun yA, nun3
i ,i 1 (80)(20) = 1600 90 144000

2 (20)(80) = 1600 40 64000


I: 3200 208000

Then - - I:j1A -
y--- 208000
= 65.000nun
LA 3200
Now, for the first moments about the x-axis:
..
I Area I

VI
I
(l)

Il::: )c
QJ = I:j1A = 25(80 x 20) + 7.5(20 xiS) = 42 250 nun3, or QJ = 42.3 X 103 mm3 <11III

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630
PROBLEM 5.18 CONTINUED
Area II

~I

-
QTI = !:yA = -32.5(20 x 65) = 42250 rom3,

Note that ~area) = QJ + Q/I = 0 which is expectedas y = 0 and ~area) = yA sincex is a centroidalaxis.

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or distribllted in any form or by any means, witholltthe prior written permission of the publisher. or IIsed beyond the limited distriblltion to teachers and
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631
PROBLEM 5.28
E Knowing that the figure shown is fonned of a thin homogeneous wire,
detennine the length 1 of portion CE of the wire for which the center of

I--J gravityof the figureis locatedat point C when (a) 0 '= 15°, (b) 0 = 60°.
B

SOLUTION

The centroid coincides with the center of gravity because the wire is homogeneous.

<." "t
L x xL
1.,
I I' I'
-- -- 1'2 '" Ic .LA
2 2
2 201' -- rsinO -21'2sinO
C,9Y
.
, I
,- '"
0 c.!
3 1 -1 -12 \\ /
2 2 , 9

- !:XL
Then X =- = 0 ::::} !:XL= 0 and
U

1'2 12
-- - 2,.2sinO + - = 0, or 1 = r.JI + 4sinO
2 2
(a) 0 = 15°:

1 = r.JI + 4 sin 15° or 1 = 1.4271' .....

(b) 0 = 60°:

1 = r.Jl + 4 sin 60° or/=2.llr.....

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or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and
educators permitted by McGraw-Hili for their individual course preparation.lfyou are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission.

641
PROBLEM 5.36
Determine by direct integration the centroid of the area shown.

SOLUTION
First note that symmetry implies

For the element (EL) shown


y = Rcos8, x = Rsin8
dx = Rcos8 d8

dA = ydx = Ifcos28d8
X Hence
a..1 2 "..1 8 Sin28 a 1 2 .
J J
A = dA = 2 0 lr cos 8d8 = ("2+ ~ L.lC
(
)l 0 ="2 R 2asm2a
)

JYELdA = 2J; ~ cos8(R2cos28d8) =.JiI(~cos2 8sin8 + ~Sin8 )1:

= ~3 (cos2asina + 2sina)

_ _ JiI
3 (cos2asina + 2sina)
Y
-~
-(2a
2 + sin2a)

or _ 2
y = -Rsma
. (cos2a + 2)
3 (2a + sin2a)
- 2 . 3- sin2a ....
Alternatively, y =-3 R sma 2a + sin2a
.....

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or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and
educators permitted by McGraw-Hili for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. you are ILvingit without permission.

651
y
PROBLEM 5.42 I
1
A homogeneous wire is bent into the shape shown. Detennme by direct t
I
integration the x coordinate of its centroid

SOLUTION
First note that because the wire is homogeneous, its center of gravity
coincides with the centroid of the corresponding line

Now XEL= rcos8 and dL = rd8

7TC14 7TC14 3
Then L = fdL = f rd8 = r [8] = - rrr
TCl4 TCl4 2

'I- and

2 ' 1 1
)
7TC14 2 2 {;;
= r (
[sm8]rr/4 = r -.J2 - .J2 = -r 2
,,~

Thus

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MATERIAL.1::12007 The McGraw-Hili Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No parl of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced
or distributed in any fo/'m or by any means, wirhalll the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and
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659
PROBLEM 5.47
Detennine the volume and the surface area of the solid obtained by
'~"'~T;'- I rotatingthe area ofProb. 5.2 about (a) the x axis, (b) the lines x = 19 in.

Il ~. 0]1
SOLUTION

I ~

-It
(9
From the solution to problem 5.2:

IXA = 1102 in3,

and from the solution of problem 5.22

L = 56 in., and "£XL = 488 in2


>
Applying the theorems of Pappus-Guldinus, we have
(a) Rotation about the x-axis:

Volume = 2nYareaA = 21ttyA = 2n(536 in3) = 3367.8in3 or v = 1.949ft3 <III!

Area = 2nYIengthL = 21ttyL = 2n[ 6(15) + 10(4) + 8(10) + 4(18)] = 1520.53 in2

or A = 10.56 ft2 <III!

(b) Rotation about x = 19 in.:

I.i .
= 9072.9in3 or v = 5.25 ft3 ~

Area = 2n(19 - Xiine)L= 2n(19L - "£XL)= 2n[(19 in.)(56 in.) - 488 in2]
I,
i
I
= 3619.1in2
";, I.
or A = 25.1ft2~

~. ,.!I
r"
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or distributed in any form or by any means, withuut the prior Ii?'itten pelwission ufthe publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and
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r Ii 666

f
PROBLEM 5.55
Determine the volume and total surface area of the body shown.

1
60mm

20mm ~
SOLUTION I ,

Volume:
The volume can be obtainedby rotating the triangulararea shownthrough n radians about they axis.
The area of the triangleis:

A = .!.(52)(6O)
2 = 1560 mm2

Applying the theoremsof Pappus-Guldinus.we have


or V = 255 X 103 mm3 .....
V = nXA = n(52 mm)(156Omm2)
The surface area can be obtained by rotating the triangle shown through an angle of n radians about the y axis.

&

Considering each line BD. DE. and BE separately:

Line BD: £. = ~222 + 602 = 63.906 mm Xl=20+ 22 =31mm


2

Line DE: ~ = 52 mm x2=20+22+26=68mm

Line BE: L:J= J742 + 602 = 95.268 mm Xi= 20 + 74 = 57 mm


2

CQntinuetJ

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or distributed in allYform or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and
educatorspermitted by McGraw-Hilifor their individualcoursepreparation. If you are a student using this Manual.you are using it withoutpermission.
675
f
PROBLEM 5.55 CONTINUED

Then applying the theorems of Pappus-Guldinus for the part of the surface area generated by the lines:

AL = n:IXA = H[(3l)(63.906) + (68)(52) + (57)(95.268)] = H[10947.6] = 34.392 x 103mm2


The area of the "end triangles":

Total surface area is therefore:

A = AL + AE = (34.392 + 3.12) x 103 mm2 or A = 37.5 X 103 nun2 ~

,..

"

~
t

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL () 2007 The McGraw-HilI Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced
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educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission.

676

L
PROBLEM 5.61
2-ION/IO
A B
For the beam and loading shown, detennine (a) the magnitude and
4.2m---l location of the resultant of the distributedload, (b) the reactions at the
beam supports.

SOLUTION

~,

(a) Note that in the free-body diagram:


1 1
Rt = -(4.2
2 m)(600 N/m) = 1260N, and R2= -(4.2
2 m)(240N/m)= 504N

Then for the equivalence of the systems of forces:

~y: R = Rt + R2 = 1260 + 504 = 1764 N R = 1764N ~

!MA: -x(1764 N) = [( 2 +~4.2)m ](1260 N)+[(2 +%4.2)m ](504 N) = 3.8000m


or X = 3.80 m ~

(b) Equilibrium:
r.F'x = 0: Ax = 0

Ay - 1764 = 0
A = 1764N ~ f

MA - (3.80 m)(1764 N) = 0

MA = 6.70 kN.m ) ~

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or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and
educators permitted by McGraw-Hili for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission.

683
PROBLEM 5.74
I:
A grade beam AB supports three concentrated loads and rests on soil and
B the top of a large rock. The soil exerts an upward distributedload, and the
u" rock exerts a concentrated load RR as shown. Knowing that
WB = O.4WA,detennine (a) the largest value ofP for which the beam is
in equilibriwn, (b) the corresponding value of WA'

SOLUTION
f
I'
I

~
k
II
I~
"
I

,t
11
"
'I I
Rt = (3.6 ft)(WAkipslft) = 3.6wA kips

R2= .!.(5.4ft)(0.6WAkipslft) = 1.62wA kips


2

R3 = (5.4 ft)(O.4wAkipslft) = 2.16wA kips

(a) Equilibriwn:
+ r.MA = 0: -(1.8 ft)[(3.6wA)kips ] + (3.6 ft)RR

+(5.4 ft)[(1.62wA) kips] + (6.3 ft)[(2.16 wA)kips] - (1.5 ft)(6 kips)

-( 6 ft)(4.5 kips) - (7.2 ft)p = 0


or 28.836wA + 3.6RR -7.2P - 36 =0 (1)

+ I:Fy.v = 0: RR + 3.6wA + 1.62wA + 2. 16wA - 6 - 4.5 - P = 0


or 7.38wA + RR - P -10,5 =0 (2)

(28.836)Eq.(2) - (7.38)Eq.(I) = 0 gives

2.268RR - 37.098 + 24,3P =0

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or distributed in any Jorm or by any means, without the prior written permission oj the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and
f~!
i educators pemritted by McGraw-Hili Jor their individual course preparation. If you are a sflldent using this Manual. you are using it without permission.

698
-; 'i
II (-

PROBLEM 5.74 CONTINUED J


J
Since RR ~ 0, the maximwn acceptable value of P is that for which RR = 0, and J .'
.

P = 1.52667 kips or P = 1.527 kips ~ ..

;J.
(b) Now, ftom (2): L

7.38wA - 1.52667 - lO.5 = 0 t


;t.

'i
"
or WA = 1.630kipslft ~ r
If
, "
!f
'Ii
\'1
,.

',I'
g
.

'.,.

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. "2007 The McGraw-Hili Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced
or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and
educators permitted by McGraw-Hili for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

699
I
PROBLEM 5.99
For the machine element shown, locate the y coordinate of the center of
gravity.

SOLUTION

Assume that the machine element is homogeneous so that its center of gravity coincides with the centroid of
the volume.
t
'I I

'!'I !
~ I .I
, I

I
.t 41'
1
~I'

-
V,m. 3
1 = 19.44
(8)(0.9)(2.7) I y,0.45
in. I yv,
8.748
in'

2 1 1.6 I 27.216
2(2.1)(6)(2.7) = 17.01
. . 3
n( 1.35)'(0.9) = 2.5765 5 I \.15943
4
-1r(0.8)2(0.9) = -1.80956 /o:4s I -0.81430
u" -
37.217 I I 36.309
.. ~ I
I.

Then f = I:yV _ 36.309. or f = 0.976 in. ~


I:V - 37.217In.
I n
\I
I
,1 I

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL 02007 The McGraw-Hili Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part l?(this Manual may be displayed. reproduced
or distributed in an.vform or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and
educators permitted by McGraw-HilIfor their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission.

732

Ii
I
..
PROBLEM 5.102
Locate the center of gravity of the sheet-metal fonn shown.

i.

SOLUTION
.'
Assume that the body is homogeneous so that its center of gravity coincides with the centroid of the area.
II

'I
II
Ii

I
I
~,

First note that by symmetry: x = 150 mm ...


.
For 1: y = 180 + 96 + 4(150)
31r
= 339.7 mm
I
I
Z=O

For 2: y = 180+ 2(96) = 241.1mm


1r

z=- 2(96) = 61.11 mm


1r

For 3: Length DE = J(180)2+ (96)2 = 204 mm


y=90mm, z=48mm

,
~ PROPRIETARY MATERlAL. C>2007 The McGraw-Hili Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part ~rthis Manual may be displayed. reproduced
or distributed in any foml or by any means, without the prior written pennission of the publisher. or used be}'Ond the limited distribution to teachers and
\ educators pennitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.lf)'Ou are a student using this Manual. you are using it without pennission.
"' 736

.
PROBLEM 5.102 CONTINUED

A, nun2 y,nun "i,nun y.4, nun3 L4,nun3

1 339.7 0 12.005 x 106 0


1C
2 (150)2 = 35.34 x 103

2 244.1 61.11 10.907 x 106 2.765 X 106


1C(96)(300)
2
= 45.24 x 103
3 90 48 5.508x 106 2.938 X 106
(204)(300) = 61.2x 103- 2.25
1: 141.78 x 103 28.420 x 106 5.702 X 106

Then

f = :tyA = 28.420 x 106nun or f = 200 mm .....


1:.4 141.78x 103
.
:J
Z = m = 5.702x 106 nun or f = 40.2 nun .....
1:.4 141.78x 103

I'.
.
.r:

,:
,.

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 02007 The McGmw-HiII Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced
or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior wrinen permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and
educators permitted by McGraw-Hilifor their individualcoursepreparation. If you are a student using this Manual,you are using it withoutpermission.

737
, PROBLEM 5.111
The ftame of a portable equipment cover is fabricated ftom steel pipe of
unifonn diameter. Locate the center of gravity of the ftame.

SOLUTION

First note by symmetry: Z = 3.00ft ~


To simplify the calculations replace:
I'.
I,
"Ii (a) The two rectangular sides with an element oflength
I
I
I ~a) = 2[2(7 ft) + 2(5 ft)] = 48 ft
'1\" and center of gravity at (3.5 ft, 2.5 ft, 3 ft)
f (b) The two semicircular members with an element oflength
I
I Lb = 2[ n(3 ft)] = 6n ft

,:!II
and with center of gravity at (2ft, 5 + 2: 3 ft, 3 ft) = (2 ft, 6.9099 ft, 3 ft)

.. (c) The cross members 1 and 2 with an element oflength


:!! 4: = 2(6 ft) = 12ft
iii"
'Ii and with center of gravity at (2 ft, 5 ft, 3 ft)

1~ j! This leaves a single straight piece of pipe, labeled (d) in the figure.
Now for the centroid of the ftame:

L,ft x,ft y,ft -£ft2


xL,ft2 y,
(a) 48 3.5 2.5 168 120
(b) 6n = 18.8496 2 6.9099 37.699 130.249
(c) 12 2 5 24 60
(d) 6 7 5 42 30
,I: 85.850 271.70 340.25

Then X= m = 271.70
I:L 84.850
or X = 3.20ft

Y = 'E.JL = 340.25 or y = 4.01ft


I:L 84.850

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or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and
educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission.

748
PROBLEM 5.121
Locate the centroid of the volume obtained by rotating the shaded area
about the line x = a.
I
II

SOLUTION

I,

,.

First, by symmetry:
x=a....
Y=O....
Next determine the constants kin y = kxV]:
b
I At x =a, b = kaV] or k =-v3
a
I
...

Therefore, y = a~ xV],or x = b~ y3
Choosing horizontal disks of thickness dy for volume elements (dV in the figure above)

V = f: n[tl- (a - x)2]

=nf:(2ax- ~)dy
~

!,
I
=nf:(2ax ; 1- ~i )dy

=n tl 2 x ! y 4 _.!. ! y 7 b =~ntlb
\
b3 ( 4 b3
X
7 14
~o

Now Y = 1. jYELdV, or
V
- 14 rb tl..3 tl 6
Y = 5na2b Joy [ n ( 2 b3 y - b6 Y ) dy ]
b
= 14 2 x yS _.!. y8
5b4( 5 b3 8 )
o
or - - Iib....
y - 100

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or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written pelmission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution 10teuchr:~ una
educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual coursepreparation. 1/you are a studellt using this Manual. you are u.ring it without permission.

764

---------