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Hypertension

Prolonged elevation in blood pressure


One of most chronic conditions in U.S.
Leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease
Risk Factors:
Age stress
Race certain chronic conditions
Family history
Being overweight or obese
Being physically inactive
Using tobacco
High-sodium diet
Low-potassium diet
High vitamin d intake
Ecessive alcohol consumption
CAUSES:
2 major formsprimary and secondary
Primaryno identifiable cause! develops gradually over many years
Secondaryappears suddenly and causes higher blood pressures
"enal disease
#drenal gland tumors
$ongenital heart defects
$ertain medications
%llegal drugs
Laboratory/Diagnostic Tests:
&$'
History
!hysical eam
"ultiple blood pressure readings at
various times o# day
Urinalysis
$B$
Lipid panel
$reatinine test
Signs/Symptoms:
(atigue
Headache
)alaise
*i++iness
Medical Treatments:
#ce inhibitors
,eta ,lockers
$alcium channel blockers
*iuretics
!rsing "nter#entions:
)onitor and measure blood pressure in both
hands
#ssess the presence and -uality of central
and peripheral pulses
)onitor response to medications to control
blood pressure
#dminister medications to control blood
pressure as prescribed
C$M%L"CAT"$S:
#therosclerosis
#neurisms
Heart failure
Stroke
Hypertensive crisis
"enal damage
.ision loss
)etabolic syndrome
Problems /ith memory and understanding
%&tory' ()*(+