Você está na página 1de 8

<HTML>

<HEAD>
<TITLE>GPRS classes and coding schemes</TITLE>
<META name="description" content="An explanation of GPRS and the different coddi
ng and classes in use">
<META name="keywords" content="gprs coding class channel coding scheme data rate
per timeblock maximum data speed time-slots multislot classes">
<META content=www.cellular-news.com name=owner>
<STYLE type=text/css>
A:link {COLOR: red; TEXT-DECORATION: none}
A:visited {COLOR: red; TEXT-DECORATION: none}
A:hover {COLOR: black; TEXT-DECORATION: none}
</STYLE>
<SCRIPT language=javascript>
<!--
function chkForm() {
document.myForm.submit()
}
function newwin(x) {
var n= top.location.pathname
var z= "http://www.cellular-news.com/misc/mailme.php?URL=/news/index.htm&TITLE="
+x;
var win2 = window.open(z,"Mailme","status,height=250,width=500,resizable=no,scro
llbars=no");
win2.focus();
}
//-->
</SCRIPT>
[an error occurred while processing this directive]
<script language="javascript" src="http://www.cellular-news.com/ssi_files/burstm
edia.js"></script>
</head>
<body bgcolor="#FFFFFF" text="#000000">
<table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="center">
<tr align="center">
<td width="150" align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDDD">

<a href="http://www.cellular-news.com/" target="_top"><img alt="Return to
the home page for gsm - cdma - umts - 3g - wcdma - tdma" src="http://www.cellula
r-news.com/images/home.gif" border="0" width="130" height="28"></a>
</td>
<td>
[an error occurred while processing this directive]
</td>
<td width="150" bgcolor="#DDDDDD">
<a href="http://www.cellular-news.com/" target="_top"><img alt="Return to th
e home page for gsm - cdma - umts - 3g - wcdma - tdma" src="http://www.cellular-
news.com/images/home.gif" border="0" width="130" height="28"></a>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td width="150" height="5" bgcolor="#DDDDDD">&nbsp;</td>
<td rowspan="2" valign="top" align="center">
<table border="0" width="95%" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr><td align="cen
ter">
<table border="0" width="100%"><tr><td width="100%">
<p align="center">
<h1><font face="Verdana" color="#0000FF">GPRS classes and coding schemes</font><
/h1>
<hr width="80%">
<p align="left">
<font face="Verdana, Arial, Helvetica" size="2"><b>In
a GPRS network there are four coding schemes:-<br>
</b>
</font>
<br>
<div align="center">
<center>
<table border="1" width="80%">
<tr>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD"><b><font face="Verdana" size="2">Channel
Coding Scheme</font></b></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">CS-1</font
></b></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">CS-2</font
></b></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">CS-3</font
></b></td>
<td width="18%" align="center"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">CS-4</font
></b></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">Pre-cod
.
USF</font></b></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">6</font></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">6</font></td>
<td width="18%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">12</font></td
>
</tr>
<tr>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">Infobit
s
without USF</font></b></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">181</font></t
d>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">268</font></t
d>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">312</font></t
d>
<td width="18%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">428</font></t
d>
</tr>
<tr>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">Parity
bits BC</font></b></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">40</font></td
>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">16</font></td
>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">16</font></td
>
<td width="18%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">16</font></td
>
</tr>
<tr>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">Tail
bits</font></b></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">4</font></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">4</font></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">4</font></td>
<td width="18%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">-</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">Output
conv encoder</font></b></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">456</font></t
d>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">588</font></t
d>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">676</font></t
d>
<td width="18%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">456</font></t
d>
</tr>
<tr>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">Punctur
ed
bits</font></b></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">0</font></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">132</font></t
d>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">220</font></t
d>
<td width="18%" align="center"><font face="Verdana" size="2">-</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">Code
rate</font></b></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">1/2</font></t
d>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">~2/3</font></
td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">~3/4</font></
td>
<td width="18%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">1</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">Data
rate kbit/s</font></b></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">9.05</font></
td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">13.4</font></
td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">15.6</font></
td>
<td width="18%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">21.4</font></
td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD"><b><font face="Verdana" size="2">Maximum
data speed with 8 time-slots</font></b></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">72.4
kb/s</font></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">107.2
kb/s</font></td>
<td width="19%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">124.8
kb/s</font></td>
<td width="18%" align="center"><font size="2" face="Verdana">171.2
kb/s</font></td>
</tr>
</table>
</center>
</div>
<p align="justify"><font size="2" face="Verdana">The choice of coding scheme
depends on the condition of the channel&nbsp; provided by the cellular
network (quality of the radio link between cell phone and base station). If
the channel is very noisy, the network may use CS-1 to ensure higher
reliability; in this case the data transfer rate is only 9.05 kbit/s per GSM
time slot used. If the channel is providing a good condition, the network co
uld use
CS-3 or CS-4 to obtain optimum speed, and would then have up to 21.4 kbit/s
per GSM time slot.</font>
<p align="left">
<hr width="80%">
<p>
<p align="left"><font face="Verdana" size="2"><b>The multislot classes are a
s
follows:-<br>
</b>
</font>
<br>
<div align="center">
<center>
<table width="80%" border="1">
<tbody>
<tr>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD" align="left"><b><font size="2" face="Ver
dana">Class</font></b></td>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD" align="center"><b><font size="2" face="V
erdana">Download</font></b></td>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD" align="center"><b><font size="2" face="V
erdana">Upload</font></b></td>
<td width="25%" bgcolor="#DDDDDD" align="center">
<p align="center"><b><font size="2" face="Verdana">Max.<br>
slots</font></b></p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">1</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">1</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">1</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">2</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">2</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">2</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">1</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">2</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">2</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">1</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">5</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">2</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">2</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">6</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">2</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">7</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">5</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">8</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">1</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">5</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">9</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">2</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">5</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">10</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">2</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">5</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">11</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">5</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">12</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">5</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">13</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">14</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">15</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">5</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">5</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">16</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">6</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">6</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">17</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">7</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">7</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">18</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">8</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">8</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">19</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">6</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">2</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">20</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">6</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">21</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">6</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">22</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">6</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">23</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">6</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">6</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">24</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">8</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">2</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">25</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">8</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">3</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">26</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">8</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">27</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">8</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">4</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">28</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">8</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">6</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="left" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">29</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">8</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">8</font></td>
<td align="center" width="25%"><font size="2" face="Verdana">unlimited</fo
nt></td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</center>
</div>
</td></tr></table>
<p>
[an error occurred while processing this directive]
<br>
</p>
</td>
</tr></table>
<td width="150" height="5" bgcolor="#DDDDDD">&nbsp;</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="center" valign="top" width="150" bgcolor="#DDDDDD">
[an error occurred while processing this directive]
</td>
<td valign="top" align="center" width="150" bgcolor="#DDDDDD">[an error occu
rred while processing this directive]</td>
</tr>
<tr valign="middle">
<td align="center" bgcolor="#000000">
<a href="http://www.cellular-news.com/formmail/feedback.cgi"><img src=
"http://www.cellular-news.com/images/feedback.gif" border="0" width="134" height
="56"></a><br>
<a href="http://www.cellular-news.com/misc/legal_notice.shtml"><font c
olor="#ffff40">Legal
notice and disclaimer</font></a>

</td>
<td align="center">
<font size="-1">All rights reserved.<br>
Reproduction of this website, in whole or in part, in any form or medium
without express written permission from <b>cellular-<font color="#ff0000">

<i>news </i></font></b>is prohibited.</font>
</td>
<td bgcolor="#DDDDDD">
&nbsp;
</td>
</tr>
</table>
[an error occurred while processing this directive]
</body>
</html>