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Tissues- groups of similar cells with the

same ___________and ___________


Epithelial
Found in:
Body ___________________________
Body____________________________
_________________________ular tissue

Functions:
Protection
Absorption
Filtration
Secretion
Cells fit closely together

Tissue layer always has one ______________
The lower surface is bound by a
__________________________membrane (at
attached surface)
Avascular (have ___________________supply)
____________________easily if well nourished
Simple ________________ layer
Stratified ______________ than one layer
Squamous flattened
Cuboidal cube-shaped
Columnar column-like



Connective
Found everywhere in the body
Includes the most abundant and widely
distributed tissues
Functions:
__________________ body tissues together
__________________________ the body
Provides __________________________
Variations in blood supply
Some tissue types are well vascularized
Some have poor blood supply or are avascular
Extracellular _____________________
__________________________ substance
mostly water along with adhesion proteins and
polysaccharide molecules
____________________________:
Produced by the cells
Three types:
Collagen fibers
Elastic fibers
Reticular fibers
Non-living material that surrounds living cells


Muscular

Function is to
produce
movement
____________
Three types:
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle

Do not
regenerate well
Good blood
supply


Nervous
Neurons and
nerve support
cells
Function is to
send impulses to
other areas of the
body
______________
______________

Do not regenerate
well
Good blood
supply

Epithelial- one free, one attached surface, avascular
Simple-one cell layer

Stratified-more than one cell layer
Squamous
Single layer
of ________
cells
Usually
forms
membranes
Lines body
cavities-
secretion of
lubricants
Lines lungs
and
capillaries-
diffusion and
filtration

Cuboidal
Single layer
of _______-
like cells
Common in
glands and
their ducts
Forms walls
of kidney
tubules
Covers the
ovaries
Secretion
and
absorption

Columnar
Single layer of
_______ cells
Often includes
goblet cells,
which produce
mucus
Lines digestive
tract, uterine
tubes and
some parts of
uterus
May have cilia
or microvilli
Secretion,
absorption

Pseudostratified
Single layer,
but some cells
are shorter than
others
Often looks like
a double cell
layer
Sometimes
ciliated, such
as in the upper
respiratory tract
May have
goblet cells
May function in
absorption or
secretion

Cuboidal
Two layers
of cuboidal
cells
Rare in
human body
Found
mainly in
_________o
f large
glands
(mammary
glands)
Protection,
secretion

Columnar
Surface cells
are columnar,
cells
underneath
vary in size
and shape
Rare in
human body
Found mainly
in _______of
large glands
(urethra)
Protection,
secretion


Transitional
Shape of
cells
depends
upon the
amount of
________
Lines
organs of
the urinary
system
Stretching
to distend
areas with
urine

Squamous
Cells at the free
edge are
_____________,
those towards
the basement
membrane are
more cuboidal
Found as a
protective
covering where
friction is
common
Outer layer of
skin, mouth,
esophagus,
vagina
Highly
regenerative-
protection

Connective- matrix
Dense
fibrous
Fibers __________
packed
Main matrix element
is collagen fibers
Cells are fibroblasts

_____________
attach muscle to
bone
______________
attach bone to bone

Loose fibrous- fibers not tightly packed Blood
Blood cells surrounded
by fluid matrix
(_________________)
Contains red blood
cells, white blood cells,
and platelets (cell
fragments)
Fibers are visible
during clotting
Functions as the
transport vehicle for
materials
Contained inside blood
vessels
Areolar
Most widely
distributed
connective tissue
Soft, pliable tissue
Contains all fiber
types
Fibers
___________
packed
Can soak up
excess fluid
Cushion

Adipose
Matrix is an areolar
tissue in
which_____________
globules predominate
Many cells contain
large lipid deposits,
Nuclei of cells pushed
off to the side by fat
vacuole
_________________
the body
_________________
some organs, Fuel
storage,
Around kidneys and
eyeballs, in abdomen and
breasts

Reticular
Delicate network of
interwoven fibers
(treelike reticular
fibers that trap
cells)
Forms stroma
(internal
supporting
network) of
_______________
organs such as:
Lymph nodes
Spleen
Bone marrow

Connective(cont)
Bone
Bone cells in _____________
(cavities)
Hard matrix of calcium salts
(lamella) in a circular pattern
around a central Haversian
Canal
Large numbers of
__________________fibers

Used to _______________and
____________________the
body
Skeleton

Cartilage- semi-solid matrix
Hyaline
Most common cartilage
Composed of:
Abundant collagen fibers
_______________ matrix
Chondrocytes- cartilage
cells
Fibers not really visible-
appears ______________
Entire fetal skeleton is
hyaline cartilage
At ends of bones, rings of
trachea, larynx, where ribs
attach to sternum

Elastic
Provides __________
Contains visible elastic
fibers
Chondrocytes-
cartilage cells
Example: supports the
external ear, tip of the
nose
Fibrocartilage
Highly compressible-
absorbs ___________
Chondrocytes-
cartilage cells
Visible parallel fibers
Example: forms
cushion-like discs
between vertebrae, in
meniscus of knee, in
pubic symphysis

Muscle- contractile tissue Nervous- irritable, conductive
Skeletal
Can be controlled
_______________
Cells attach to
connective tissue
Cells are striated
Cells have more than
one nucleus
Cells are long fibers,
usually parallel to one
another
For locomotion of the
body
Attached to________
or skin


Cardiac
Found only in the
________________
Function is to pump
blood (involuntary)
Cells attached to
other cardiac muscle
cells at intercalated
disks
Cells are striated
One nucleus per cell
(most of time)
Branched fibers
Smooth
_________________
muscle
Surrounds hollow
_________________
(digestive, bladder)
Attached to other
smooth muscle cells
No visible striations
One nucleus per cell
Cells are spindle
shaped- wider in the
middle and narrower
at the ends

Neuron

Function is to send
__________________
to other areas of the
body
Irritability
Conductivity
Long projections come
from a cell body

Found in brain, spinal
cord, and nerves