Você está na página 1de 6

IONIC BOND

An ionic bond (or electrovalent bond) is a type of chemical


bond that can often form between metal and non-metal
ions (or polyatomic ions such as ammonium) through
electrostatic attraction. In short, it is a bond formed by the
attraction between two oppositely charged ions. The metal
donates one or more electrons, forming a positively
charged ion or cat ion with a stable electron configuration.
These electrons then
enter the non metal,
causing it to form a
negatively charged ion
or anion which also
has a stable electron
configuration. The
electrostatic attraction
between the
oppositely charged
ions causes them to
come together and
form a bond.
Example
Common table salt is sodium chloride. When
sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl2) are
combined, the sodium atoms each lose an
electron, forming a cat ion (Na+), and the
chlorine atoms each gain an electron to form
an anion (Cl-). These ions are then attracted
to each other in a 1:1 ratio to form sodium
chloride (NaCl).
Ionic Structure
Ionic compounds in the solid state form a
continuous ionic lattice structure in an ionic
crystal. The simplest form of ionic crystal is a
simple cubic. This is as if all the atoms were
placed at the corners of a cube. This unit cell
has a weight that is the same as 1 of the
atoms involved..
When all the ions are approximately
the same size, they can form a
different structure called a face-
centered cubic (where the weight is 4
* atomic weight), but, when the ions
are different sizes, the structure is
often body-centered cubic (2 times
the weight). In ionic lattices the
coordination number refers to the
number of connected ions