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LUNG CANCER

BY: KAYLYN GALIE

DEFINITION OF CANCER
Cancer starts when a gene that has to do with controlling a cells
growth mutates. This mutation causes the cell to lose control of when
to divide.

The mutated cell then begins to divide more rapidly than normal cells
would.

Then, the mutated cell divides, producing more mutated cells. The
cells then begin to lose ability to control mitosis.

Eventually, the cells completely lose ability to control mitosis, therefore


cancer has begun.

OVERVIEW OF LUNG CANCER


Lung cancer is where abnormal cells rapidly and uncontrollably grow
in either one or both lungs.

This happens through mutation of cells.


Mutations can be caused by the normal aging process or by
environmental factors.

The two types of lung cancer are Small Cell Lung Cancer and NonSmall Cell Lung Cancer.

SYMPTOMS
Symptoms of lung cancer can take years to develop.
Symptoms are:
- Extensive coughing
- Pain in the chest, back, or shoulders (not from coughing)
- Shortness of breath
- Harsh sounds while breathing

CAUSES

Some causes of lung cancer include:

- Exposure to asbestos
- Industrial substances (ex. Gasoline, coal products, arsenic, etc.)

- Radiation exposure
- Air pollution
- Tuberculosis

Exposure to Radon
Occupational carcinogen exposure

TREATMENTS

Treatments for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer include:

- Surgery

- Chemotherapy and Radiation


- Targeted Treatments (They are designed to attack cancer cells by attaching
or blocking targets that appear on the surface of those cells)

Treatments for Small Cell Lung Cancer include:


Chemotherapy and Radiation
Surgery

PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION THAT WILL


DEVELOP THIS CANCER
The percentage of men that will develop this cancer is 1 in every 13
men.

The percentage of women that will develop this cancer is 1 in every 16


women.

RECOVERY RATES
53% of people diagnosed with early-stage lung cancer live for at least
five years after diagnosis.

The five year survival rate for people diagnosed with late-stage lung
cancer that has spread, or metastasized, to other areas of the body is
4%.

TARGETS OF THE POPULATION


The age-adjusted death rate for lung cancer is higher for men (63.3
per 100,000 people)

The age-adjusted death rate for lung cancer for women is less then
mens (39.0 per 100,000 people)

Also, some professions that can increase the risk of developing lung
cancer. (ex. Miner)

PICTURES

PREVENTION
Stay away from industrial substances
Dont smoke
Avoid secondhand smoke

RESOURCES
Lungcancer.org
http://www.lungcancer.org/find_information/publications/163-lung_cancer_101/265what_is_lung_cancer

Mayo Clinic
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/lung-cancer/DS00038/DSECTION=causes

Caner.org
http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancerbasics/lifetime-probability-of-developing-or-dying-from-cancer

Lung.org
http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/lung-cancer/resources/facts-figures/lung-cancer-fact-sheet.html

Cancerresearchuk.org
http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/type/lung-cancer/about/lung-cancer-risks-and-causes