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The Circle

Prepared By:-\

Gul zar Ahmad Rather


244/M.Ed/2014-2015
Sec:- C

CIRCLE
Eg. ball,bangle,lemon.coin

CENTRE
B

CENTRE : O

RADIUS : OA

RADIUS

.
O

In a plane,each point of the circle is at equal


distance from a fixed point.The fixed point is
called the centre of the circle.
CENTRE = O

Radius

The distance from centre to any point on the


circle is called radius of the circle.

RADIUS = OA

A
D
I

A
O M
E
T
E
R

A Line segment passing through the centre of


the circle and whose end points lie on the circle
is called the diameter of the circle.
DIAMETER = AB

.
O

The length of the circle or the distance


around it is called circumference of the
circle.

.
O

A Line segment whose both the ends touches


the circumference and passes through the
centre is called diameter.
DIAMETER : AB

Relation between radius and diameter


RADIUS = DIAMETER
2

OB = AB
2

.
O

Eg. If diameter of the circle is 10 cm then find


its radius?
Sol. Radius =diameter / 2
radius=10 cm/ 2
radius =5 cm
A

.
O

Diameter = 10cm

Eg. If radius of the circle is 6 cm,then find the


diameter of the circle?
Sol. Diameter = 2 x Radius

Diameter = 2 x 6cm
Diameter = 12 cm

Radius = 6cm

RELATION BETWEEN CIRCUMFERENCE AND


DIAMETER
CIRCUMFERENCE = 3 x DIAMETER(APPROX)

.
DIAMETER
O

Eg. Find the circumference (approx) of the circle whose


diameter is 10cm.
Sol. Circumference = 3 x
diameter(approx)
Circumference = 3 x 10 cm
Circumference = 30 cm

.
O

DIAMETER=10 CM

EVALUATION
1. what is the relation between radius and diameter of the
circle?
Sol .Radius=diameter/2
2. What is the relation between circumference and diameter
of the circle?
Sol. Circumference=3Xdiameter(approx)
3. In this figure
radius A
OA or OB is ______.
diameter
AB is ________.
centre
O is _________.

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