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# Exam

Name___________________________________

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Determine which of the four levels of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio) is most appropriate.
1) Amount of fat (in grams) in cookies.
1)
A) Ordinal
B) Ratio
C) Nominal
D) Interval
SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.
Provide an appropriate response.
2) List five different abuses of statistics and give examples for each.

2)

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Determine which of the four levels of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio) is most appropriate.
3) Nationalities of survey respondents.
3)
A) Interval
B) Ordinal
C) Nominal
D) Ratio
Identify the type of observational study (cross-sectional, retrospective, prospective).
4) A town obtains current employment data by polling 10,000 of its citizens this month.
A) Retrospective
B) Prospective
C) Cross-sectional
D) None of these
Determine whether the given value is from a discrete or continuous data set.
5) The number of freshmen entering college in a certain year is 621.
A) Continuous
B) Discrete

4)

5)

Determine which of the four levels of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio) is most appropriate.
6) The subjects in which college students major.
6)
A) Ratio
B) Ordinal
C) Nominal
D) Interval
7) The sample of spheres categorized from softest to hardest.
A) Ordinal
B) Ratio
C) Nominal

7)
D) Interval

## Provide an appropriate response.

8) A psychology student wishes to investigate differences in political opinions between business
majors and political science majors at her college. She randomly selects 100 students from the
260 business majors and 100 students from the 180 political science majors. Does this sampling
plan result in a random sample? Simple random sample? Explain.
A) No; no. The sample is not random because political science majors have a greater chance
of being selected than business majors. It is not a simple random sample because some
samples are not possible, such as a sample consisting of 50 business majors and 150
political science majors.
B) No; yes. The sample is not random because political science majors have a greater chance
of being selected than business majors. It is a simple random sample because all samples
of size 200 have the same chance of being selected.
C) Yes; yes. The sample is random because all students have the same chance of being
selected. It is a simple random sample because all samples of size 200 have the same
chance of being selected.
D) Yes; no. The sample is random because all students have the same chance of being
selected. It is not a simple random sample because some samples are not possible, such as
a sample consisting of 50 business majors and 150 political science majors.
Determine whether the given value is a statistic or a parameter.
9) After taking the first exam, 15 of the students dropped the class.
A) Parameter
B) Statistic
10) A health and fitness club surveys 40 randomly selected members and found that the average
weight of those questioned is 157 lb.
A) Parameter
B) Statistic

8)

9)

10)

SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.
Provide an appropriate response.
11) The frequency table below shows the number of days off in a given year for 30 police
detectives.
Days off Frequency
0-2
10
3-5
1
6-8
7
9-11
7
12-14
1
15-17
4
Construct a histogram. Use the class midpoints for the horizontal scale. Does the result
appear to be a normal distribution? Why or why not?

12) The graph below shows the average cost of renting a studio in one city in each of the
years 2002 through 2006. By what percentage does the average price increase from 2002
to 2003? Obtain a second version of the graph by sliding a piece of paper over the
bottom of the graph so that the bars start at 300. In this new graph, by what percentage
does the price appear to increase from 2002 to 2003? Is the second graph misleading?

11)

12)

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Use the given paired data to construct a scatterplot.
13) x -1 7 10 8 10 10 4 -2 -5
y 3 5 11 9 8 6 5 4 3

13)

y
20

20 x

-20

-20

A)

B)
y

20

20

20 x

-20

20 x

-20

-20

-20

C)

D)
y

20

20

20 x

-20

20 x

-20

-20

-20

## Solve the problem.

14) 120 casino patrons, were interviewed as they left the casino. 36 of them said they spent most of
the time playing the slots. 36 of them said they played blackjack. 18 said they played craps. 6 said
roulette. 6 said poker. The rest were not sure what they played the most. Construct a Pareto chart
to depict the gaming practices of the group of casino goers. Choose the vertical scale so that the
relative frequencies are represented.

14)

A)

B)

C)

D)

## Provide an appropriate response.

15) The following frequency distribution analyzes the scores on a math test. Find the class
boundaries of scores interval 40-59.
Scores
40-59
60-75
76-82
83-94
95-99
A) 40.5, 59.5

Number of students
2
4
6
15
5
B) 40.5, 58.5

C) 39.5, 58.5

D) 39.5, 59.5

15)

SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.
Use the given data to construct a frequency distribution.
16) Lori asked 24 students how many hours they had spent doing homework during the
previous week. The results are shown below.
10 10 10 8 10 10 14 13 10 8 12 10
10 12 10 10 12 10 10 13 10 12 13 8
Construct a frequency distribution. Use 4 classes, a class width of 2 hours, and a lower
limit of 8 for
Hours Frequency

16)

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Provide an appropriate response.
17) The histogram below represents the number of television sets per household for a sample of U.S.
households. What is the minimum number of households having the same number of television
sets?

40

30

20

10

1
2
3
Number of TV Sets

A) 100

B) 5

C) 1

D) 20

SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.
18) Histograms and Pareto charts are both bar charts. What is the significant difference
between the two?

18)

17)

## Use the given data to construct a frequency distribution.

19) A medical research team studied the ages of patients who had strokes caused by stress.
The ages of 34 patients who suffered stress strokes were as follows.
29 30 36 41 45 50 57 61 28 50 36 58
60 38 36 47 40 32 58 46 61 40 55 32
61 56 45 46 62 36 38 40 50 27
Construct a frequency distribution for these ages. Use 8 classes beginning with a lower
class limit of 25.
Age Frequency

19)

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Use the data to create a stemplot.
20) Twenty-four workers were surveyed about how long it takes them to travel to work each day.
The data below are given in minutes.
20 35 42 52 65 20 60 49 24 37 23 24
22 20 41 25 28 27 50 47 58 30 32 48
A)
B)
2 0002344578
2 000234457
3 0257
3 02578
4 12789
4 12789
5 028
5 028
6 05
6 05

20)

## Provide an appropriate response.

21) A nurse measured the blood pressure of each person who visited her clinic. Following is a
relative-frequency histogram for the systolic blood pressure readings for those people aged
between 25 and 40. The blood pressure readings were given to the nearest whole number.
Identify the center of the third class.

A) 120

B) 125

C) 130

D) 124

Construct the cumulative frequency distribution that corresponds to the given frequency distribution.
22)
Number
Speed of cars
0-29
4
30-59
16
60-89
60
90-119
20
A)

B)
Speed
Less than 30
Less than 60
Less than 90
Less than120

Cumulative
Frequency
4
20
80
100

C)

Speed
Less than 30
Less than 60
Less than 90
Less than120

Cumulative
Frequency
100
80
82
4

Speed
Less than 30
Less than 60
Less than 90
Less than120

Cumulative
Frequency
0.04
0.20
0.80
1.00

D)
Cumulative
Speed Frequency
0-29
4
30-59
20
60-89
80
90-119
100

21)

22)

## Use the data to create a stemplot.

23) The weights of 22 members of the varsity football team are listed below.
144 152 142 151 160 152 131 164 141 153 140
144 175 156 147 133 172 159 135 159 148 171
A)
B)
13 1 3 5
13 1 3 5
14 1 2 2 3 6 9 9
14 0 1 2 4 4 7 8
15 0 1 2 4 4 7 8
15 1 2 2 3 6 9 9
16 0 4
16 0 4
17 1 2 5
17 1 2 5

23)

## Provide an appropriate response.

24) The histogram below represents the number of television sets per household for a sample of U.S.
households. How many households are included in the histogram?

40

30

20

10

1
2
3
Number of TV Sets

A) 100

B) 95

C) 90

D) 110

SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.
25) In a survey, 26 voters were asked their ages. The results are shown below. Construct a
histogram to represent the data (with 5 classes beginning with a lower class limit of 19.5
and a class width of 10). What is the approximate age at the center?
43 56 28 63 67 66 52 48 37 51 40 60 62
66 45 21 35 49 32 53 61 53 69 31 48 59

10

25)

24)

## Solve the problem.

26) Using a strict interpretation of the relevant criteria characterizing a normal
distribution,does the frequency distribution below appear to have a normal
distribution? Does the distribution appear to be normal if the criteria are interpreted
very loosely?

26)

Closing Share
Price
Frequency
0-5
2
6-10
5
11-15
15
16-20
27
Provide an appropriate response.
27) In a survey, 20 people were asked how many magazines they had purchased during the
previous year. The results are shown below. Construct a histogram to represent the data.
Use 4 classes with a class width of 10, and begin with a lower class limit of -0.5. What is
the approximate amount at the center?
6 15 3 36 25 18 12 18 5 30
24 7 0 22 33 24 19 4 12 9

27)

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
28) The frequency distribution below summarizes the home sale prices in the city of Summerhill for
the month of June. Find the class boundaries for class 80.0-110.9.
(Sale price in thousand \$) Frequency
80.0 - 110.9
2
111.0 - 141.9
5
142.0 - 172.9
7
173.0 - 203.9
10
204.0 - 234.9
3
235.0 - 265.9
1
A) 80.00, 110.95

B) 79.95, 110.95

C) 79.90, 110.95

11

D) 79.90, 111.0

28)

SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.
29) The table below provides a frequency distribution for the winner of the Davis Cup
during the period 1977-1994.
Winner of
Davis Cup
United States
Germany
Czechoslovakia
Australia
France
Sweden

29)

Frequency
6
3
1
3
1
4

Which measure of center, the mean, the median, or the mode is most appropriate here?
Why?
30) The empirical rule and Chebyshev's theorem are two concepts that are helpful in
understanding or interpreting the value of a standard deviation. Both concepts relate a
percentage of all data values to the number of standard deviations that lie within the
mean. What is the significant difference between the two concepts?

30)

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Find the mode(s) for the given sample data.
31) -20 -45 -46 -45 -49 -45 -49
A) -46
B) -45

31)
C) -42.7

D) -49

## Determine which score corresponds to the higher relative position.

32) Which is better: a score of 82 on a test with a mean of 70 and a standard deviation of 8, or a score
of 82 on a test with a mean of 75 and a standard deviation of 4?
A) Both scores have the same relative position.
B) The second 82
C) The first 82

32)

Find the standard deviation for the given sample data. Round your answer to one more decimal place than is present
in the original data.
33) Listed below are the amounts of time (in months) that the employees of a restaurant have been
33)
working at the restaurant.
2 3 6 17 22 40 54 73 101 122
A) 42.7 months
B) 40.5 months
C) 43.9 months
D) 41.5 months
Find the variance for the given data. Round your answer to one more decimal place than the original data.
34) A class of sixth grade students kept accurate records on the amount of time they spent playing
34)
video games during a one-week period. The times (in hours) are listed below:
30.9 28.0 23.9 15.8 26.5
15.3 12.7 14.6 25.6 10.4
A) 53.74 hr2
B) 48.46 hr2
C) 53.84 hr2
D) 215.45 hr2

12

## Solve the problem.

35) For any data set of n values with standard deviation s, every value must be within s n - 1 of
the mean. In a class of 20 students, the heights of the students have a mean of 67.4 inches and a
standard deviation of 3.0 inches. The tallest student in class, a hopeful member of the basketball
team, claims to be
79.8 inches tall. Could he be telling the truth?
A) Yes
B) No

35)

Find the coefficient of variation for each of the two sets of data, then compare the variation. Round results to one
decimal place.
36) The customer service department of a phone company is experimenting with two different
36)
systems. On Monday they try the first system which is based on an automated menu system. On
Tuesday they try the second system in which each caller is immediately connected with a live
agent. A quality control manager selects a sample of seven calls each day. He records the time
for each customer to have his or her question answered. The times (in minutes) are listed below.
Automated Menu: 11.7 7.4 3.9 2.9 9.2 6.3 5.5
Live agent:
6.2 2.9 4.4 4.1 3.4 5.2 3.7
A) Automated Menu: 25.2%
Live agent: 41.5%
There is substantially more variation in the times for the live agent.
B) Automated Menu: 47.1%
Live agent: 27.3%
There is substantially more variation in the times for the automated menu system.
C) Automated Menu: 48.8%
Live agent: 28.3%
There is substantially more variation in the times for the automated menu system.
D) Automated Menu: 45.4%
Live agent: 26.3%
There is substantially more variation in the times for the automated menu system.
Find the mean of the data summarized in the given frequency distribution.
37) The highway speeds of 100 cars are summarized in the frequency distribution below. Find the
mean speed.
Speed (mph) Cars
30-39
5
40-49
18
50-59
50
60-69
17
70-79
10
A) 54.5 mph

B) 58.2 mph

C) 55.4 mph

D) 60.9 mph

## Find the median for the given sample data.

38) Listed below are the amounts of weight change (in pounds) for 12 women during their first year
of work after graduating from college. Positive values correspond to women who gained weight
and negative values correspond to women who lost weight. What is the median weight change?
3 -3 5 -9 12 -1 13 0 12 -14 18 7
A) 4 lb
B) 3 lb

13

C) 3.9 lb

37)

D) 3.6 lb

38)

Construct a boxplot for the given data. Include values of the 5-number summary in all boxplots.
39) The weights (in pounds) of 30 newborn babies are listed below. Construct a boxplot for the data
set.
5.5 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6
6.7 6.7 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.2
7.4 7.5 7.7 7.7 7.8 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.3 8.7
A)

39)

B)

C)

D)

## Find the range for the given sample data.

40) Rich Borne teaches Chemistry 101. Last week he gave his students a quiz. Their scores are listed
below.
24 31 47 29 31 16 48 41 50 54 37 22
A) 16
B) 7
C) 54
D) 38

40)

SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.
Provide an appropriate response.
41) The textbook defines unusual values as those data points with z scores less than z =
-2.00 or z scores greater than z = 2.00. Comment on this definition with respect to
Chebyshev's theorem; refer specifically to the percent of scores which would be defined
as unusual according to Chebyshev's theorem.

41)

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Solve the problem.
42) A student earned grades of A, C, A, A, and B. Those courses had these corresponding numbers
of credit hours: 1, 6, 4, 1, 4. The grading system assigns quality points to letter grades as follows:
A = 4, B = 3, C = 2, D = 1, and F = 0. Compute the grade point average (GPA) and round the
result to two decimal places.
A) 9.60
B) 4.00
C) 2.00
D) 3.00

14

42)

Find the range, variance, and standard deviation for each of the two samples, then compare the two sets of results.
43) When investigating times required for drive-through service, the following results (in seconds)
43)
were obtained.
Restaurant A 120 67 89 97 124 68 72 96
Restaurant B 115 126 49 56 98 76 78 95
A) Restaurant A: 57 sec; 493.98 sec2; 22.23 sec
Restaurant B: 56 sec; 727.98 sec2; 32.89 sec
There is more variation in the times for restaurant B.
B) Restaurant A: 57 sec; 793.98 sec2; 28.18 sec
Restaurant B: 77 sec; 727.98 sec2; 26.98 sec
There is more variation in the times for restaurant A.
C) Restaurant A: 75 sec; 493.98 sec2; 22.23 sec
Restaurant B: 70 sec; 727.98 sec2; 26.98 sec
There is more variation in the times for restaurant B.
D) Restaurant A: 57 sec; 493.98 sec2; 22.23 sec
Restaurant B: 77 sec; 727.98 sec2; 26.98 sec
There is more variation in the times for restaurant B.
Find the range for the given sample data.
44) The amounts below represent the last twelve transactions made to Juan's checking account.
Positive numbers represent deposits and negative numbers represent debits from his account.
\$28 -\$20 \$67 -\$22 -\$15 \$17 -\$38 \$41 \$53 -\$13 \$30 \$75
A) \$37
B) \$113
C) \$75
D) -\$113

15

44)

Answer Key
Testname: HOMEWORK 1

1) B
2) Answers will vary but include small samples, precise numbers, guesstimates, distorted percentages, partial picture,
deliberate distortions, loaded questions, misleading graphs, misleading pictographs, pollster pressure, or bad
samples. Examples will vary.
3) C
4) C
5) B
6) C
7) A
8) A
9) A
10) B
11) The distribution does not appear to be normal. It is not bell-shaped and it is not symmetric.

12) The average price increases by 25% from 2002 to 2003. Using the second graph, the price appears to double from
2002 to 2003 (i.e. it appears to increase by 100%).The second graph is misleading because the differences between
the bars seem bigger (relatively) than they really are.
13) B
14) C
15) D
16)
Hours Frequency
8-9
3
10-11
13
12-13
7
14-15
1
17) B
18) Answers will vary. Possible answer: Histograms convey quantitative information about shapes of distributions.
Pareto charts convey comparative information about relative standing of categorical data.

16

Answer Key
Testname: HOMEWORK 1

19)

Age Frequency
25-29
3
30-34
3
35-39
6
40-44
4
45-49
5
50-54
3
55-59
5
60-64
5

20) A
21) B
22) A
23) B
24) A
25) The approximate age at the center is 50.

26) No; no; The frequencies do not increase, reach a maximum, and then decrease.
27) The approximate amount at the center is 16 magazines.

28) B
29) The mode. Since the data are not numerical, it is not possible to find the median or mean. The mode is the only
measure of center that can be used with data at the nominal level of measurement.
30) The empirical rule applies only to data sets with bell-shaped distributions, but Chebyshev's theorem applies to any
data set.
31) B
32) B
33) A
34) C
35) A
17

Answer Key
Testname: HOMEWORK 1

36) D
37) C
38) A
39) C
40) D
41) Chebyshev's theorem states that in any data set, at least 75% of all values lie within 2 standard deviations of the
mean. Therefore, at most 25% of all values in any data set would be considered unusual by Chebyshev's theorem.
42) D
43) D
44) B

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