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Introduction to Phonetics

JAYSON DONOR ZABALA


QC SCIENCE HS

What is Phonetics?

The

general study of
the characteristics of
speech sounds

Three main branches

Articulatory

Acoustic
Auditory

Acoustic Phonetics

Deals

with the
physical properties of
speech as sound
waves in the air

Auditory Phonetics

Also

called perceptual
phonetics; deals with
the perception, via the
ear, of speech sounds.

Articulatory Phonetics

study

of how speech
sounds are made, or
articulated

Vocal Chords

Voiced Sounds
When

the vocal folds are drawn


together, the air from the lungs
repeatedly pushes them apart as
it passes through, creating a
vibration effect.

Voiceless Sounds
When

the vocal folds are


spread apart, the air from the
lungs passes between them
unimpeded.

Voiced or Voiceless?
Young
Prince

Distinguish
Path

chance

Voiced or Voiceless?
Ash
People

Comb
Perform

Match

Voiced or Voiceless?
Run
Flow

Sing
Obey

Show

Voiced or Voiceless?
Mistake
Ask

Answer
Sick

Laugh

Place of
Articulation
Bilabial

(Lower and
Upper Lips)
[p] voiceless
[b] and [m] - voiced
[w]

Place of
Articulation
Labiodentals

and teeth
[f] - voiceless
[v] - voiced.

lip

Place of
Articulation
Dentals

- teeth
[f] - voiceless
[v] - voiced.

Place of
Articulation
Alveolars

teeth and
alveolar ridge
[t] [s] - voiceless
[d] [z] [n] - voiced.

Place of
Articulation
Palatals

tongue
and the palate (hard
palate)
[] []- voiceless
[] [j]- voiced.

Place of
Articulation
Velars

tongue and
the soft palate
(velum)
[k] - voiceless
[g] [] - voiced.

Place of
Articulation
Glottals

air passing
through the glottis and
manipulated by the
tongue and other parts
of the mouth

[h]

voiceless.