Você está na página 1de 13

FOUR STROKE S.

I ENGINE

Engine Strokes

FOUR STROKE C.I ENGINE

Engine Strokes

SUMMARY of Engine Strokes for S.I


and C.I

Comparison of S.I and C.I


Engine C.I Engine
Description
S.I Engine
Basic cycle

Otto cycle (const.


volume heat add.)

Diesel cycle (cont.


pressure heat add.)

Fuel

Petrol

Diesel

Introduction of
fuel

Mixture of fuel and air


is introduced during
suction stroke.

Fuel is injected directly


into the combustion
chamber at high pressure
at the end of compression
stroke

Ignition

Require ignition
Self ignition because of
system with spark plug high C.R
in combustion
chamber

C.R

6-10

16-20

Speed

High speed

Low speed

Thermal
Efficiency

Low because of low


C.R

High because of high C.R

Weight

Light weight

Heavy weight

TWO STROKE ENGINE


Combustion
chamber
Cylinder
Intake port
Piston
Transfer port
Connecting
Rod
Crankshaft
Reed valve

Exhaust port

Cont..

Cont..
Piston
moves
from
BDC to
TDC

Reed Valve
Is sucked
open
Air/Fuel/Oil mixture is sucked into crankcase

Cont..
TDC

BDC

Reed Valve
Shuts

Piston gets to
TDC
Air fuel mixture get trapped in the crank case.

Cont..
TDC

BDC

Reed Valve
sealing

Piston moves back


To BDC
Air/Fuel/Oil mixture is now pressurized in crankcase

2-Stroke complete
cycle..

Crankcase
Compression

Comparison of 2 and 4
Stroke
Sl.
Four Stroke Engine
Two Stroke
No

Engine

Cycle is completed in four stroke of


piston or 2 revolution of crankshaft.

2 strokes of piston or
1 revolution of crank
shaft.

Power stroke is obtained in every 2


revolution of the crank shaft.

1 revolution of crank
shaft.

Heavier flywheel is req. as turning


moment is not uniform.

Lighter flywheel

For same power, engine is heavier and Light and compact


bulkier

Lesser cooling and lubrication


requirements as less wear and tear

more

It contains valves

Ports

Initial cost of engine is more

Less

Thermal efficiency is higher

Lower

Ex- cars, buses, trucks, tractors,


industrial engines etc

Scooters,
motorcycles,