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This term refers to the

process of grasslands
changing to deserts.

This term refers to the


name for the Dutch who
were the first European
settlers in South Africa.

This term refers to the act


of setting up a colony
away from ones place of
origin.

6
This term refers to a green
area in a desert fed by
underground water.

This term refers to a broad


grassland in the tropics
with few trees.

8
This term refers to a small
plot of land where a farm
grows only enough food
to feed a family.

This term refers to the


system of laws that
separated racial and
ethnic groups and limited
rights of blacks in South
Africa.

This term refers to allowing


animals to strip areas so
bare that plants cannot
grow back.

10

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This term refers to an


organization of African
States established in 2002
to encourage economic
development and
political stability through
cooperation.

Hughes

Ashley

This term refers to a long


period of extreme dryness
and water shortages.

Refer to the map and


identify country #1.

11

Refer to the map and


identify country #2

12
Refer to the map and
identify country #3

Refer to the map and


identify country #5

15

Refer to the map and


identify country #6

16
Refer to the map and
identify country #7

17

Refer to the map and


identify country #8

18

19

Enter Question
Hughes

Refer to the map and


identify country #9

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14

20

Ashley

13

Refer to the map and


identify country #4

Semi-dry region that runs


along the southern edge of the
Sahara Desert. A transition
between desert and
grasslands.

Largest desert in the world


that extends across most of
the northern one-third of
Africa.

21

22
Longest river in the world
running from the Ethiopian
Highlands north to the
Mediterranean Sea.

25

27

Largest lake by area in Africa,


2nd largest freshwater lake by
surface area. It spans three
countries and is Africa's
largest inland fishery.

26
East of Lake Victoria, this
savanna is home to many
animals and sees the "Great
Migration" twice a year.
Inspired the movie "The Lion
King."

Largest mountain in Africa,


tallest free-standing
mountain the world, and
actually a dormant volcano.

28

How do physical
geography, natural
resources and climate
effect a countrys GDP?

29

How do climate and


physical geography effect
the land use of a region?

30

Hughes

A huge crack in the earth


running from the Red Sea,
4000 miles south through
Tanzania.

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24

Ashley

23

Important part of the Suez


Canal shipping route, also
known for its acts of piracy.

One of the most important


ideas to come to Northern
Africa as a result of trade
was what?

31

What city did Mansa Musa


turn into a major Islamic
center for learning?

32
What empire was Mansa
Musa king of?

35

What empire defeated


Mali?

36
What empire defeated
Ghana?

37

Name one benefit of


trade to the development
of an area.

38
Name one benefit of
trade to the development
of an area.

39

Name an important
resource traded in West
Africa.

40

Hughes

What empire was the first


one developed in West
Africa?

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34

Ashley

33

Where did Mansa Musa


travel to with a caravan of
60,000 men and massive
amounts of gold?

When the colonizing country


includes the natives in the
colonial system and works to
NOT disrupt systems and
cultures already in place.

41

When the colonizing country


takes complete control of a
territory and gives no control
to the natives.

42
When a business is hired by a
country to colonize a territory
for the sole purpose of gaining
resources and exploiting the
natives.

45

Name one benefit of


colonization in Africa.

46
Name one benefit of
colonization in Africa.

47

Name one negative


effect of colonization in
Africa.

48
Name one negative
effect of colonization in
Africa.

49

Name one negative


effect of colonization in
Africa.

50

Hughes

Name one benefit of


colonization in Africa.

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44

Ashley

43

The idea that your culture is


superior to other cultures.

The word Apartheid


literally means what other
word?

51

What year did Apartheid


end?

52
Who became the first
black president of South
Africa?

55

Why was keeping people


separated important to
the Afrikaners during
Apartheid?

56
What was one way
Afrikaners kept people
separated?

57

Which race had the


majority in South Africa
during Apartheid?

58
Which race had access to
the most land during
Apartheid?

59

What year did Apartheid


begin?

60

Hughes

What was the goal of


Apartheid?

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54

Ashley

53

What group fought


against Apartheid?

What year was Nelson


Mandela born?

61

Mandela was the first in his


family to have what?

62
What method of protest
did Mandela use, inspired
by Mohandas Gandhi of
India?

65

66
How many terms did
Mandela serve as
president?

67

What does South Africas


government look like
now?

68
What year was Mandela
released from prison?

69

What was Mandelas final


prison sentence after
being accused of
conspiracy against the
government?

What are some examples


of ways the ANC
protested against
Apartheid?

70

Hughes

What was Nelson


Mandela arrested for the
second time?

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64

Ashley

63

What was Nelson


Mandela arrested for in
1956?

Hughes

36. Songhai
37. Mali
38. Answers will vary
39. Answers will vary
40. Answers will vary
41. Indirect Rule
42. Direct Rule
43. Company Rule
44. Ethnocentrism
45. Answers will vary
46. Answers will vary
47. Answers will vary
48. Answers will vary
47. Answers will vary
50. Answers will vary
51. Separateness
52. 1994
53. Nelson Mandela
54. African National Congress
55. To keep all groups separate..
56. To avoid rebellion
57. Required passbooks to travel
58. Blacks/Bantu
59. Whites
60. 1948
61. 1918
62. A formal education
63. Non-violence
64. Treason
65. Leaving the country
66. Life sentence
67. 1
68. A democracy
69. 1990
70. Boycotts, strikes, civil disobedience

Ashley

1. Desertification
2. Drought
3. African Union
4. Apartheid
5. Boers
6. Colonization
7. Oasis
8. Savanna
9. Subsistence Farm
10. Overgraze
11. Malii
12. Nigeria
13. Sudan
14. Ethiopia
15. Somalia
16. Kenya
17. Tanzania
18. South Africa
19. Democratic Republic of the Congo
20. No Question
21. Sahara Desert
22. Sahel
23. Nile River
24. Gulf of Aden
25. Great Rift Valley
26. Lake Victoria
27. Serengeti Plain
28. Mt. Kilimanjaro
29. Answer will vary
30. Answer will vary
31. Islam
32. Timbuktu
33. Mali
34. Mecca
35. Ghana

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Answer Key