Você está na página 1de 10

# Probability and Statistics

Lesson #1 Outcomes

## What is probability all

guesses about the future from observed trends. We use
it when we check the weather or when we predict human
behaviors. It is important in games, in buying lottery
tickets and at the casino. Probability is all around us and
we use it every day.

## Basic Counting Principle

List the possible arrangements of outcomes if students are asked stand up at the front?

A B
B A
2 outcomes

A B C D B A C D

A B C
A C B
B A C
B C A
C A B

C B A
6 outcomes

A B D C

B A D C

A C B D
A C D B

B C A D
B C D A

A D C B
A D B C
C B A D
C B D A
C A
B D

B D C A
B D A C

C A D B
C D A B
C D B A
24 outcomes

D B C A
D B A C
D C B A
D C A B
D A C B
D A B C

Page 135

Milk
Pasta

Water

Juice

Milk
Fajitas

Water
Juice
Milk

Stir Fry

Water
Juice

Pie
Jello
Pie
Jello
Pie
Jello
Pie
Jello
Pie

## You have a choice between

1 meal (pasta, fajitas, stir fry)
1 drink (almond milk, water, juice)
1 desert (jello, pie)

Jello
Pie

## The total number of different

Options you have to choose from
is 18.

Jello

3x3x2=18 options

Pie
Jello
Pie
Jello
Pie
Yogurt

## How many outcomes are there when

b) Rolling 2 dice

{1,2,3,4,5,6}
6 outcomes

6 6 36 Outcomes

a) Rolling 1 die
c) Rolling 3 dice

6 6 6 216 Outcomes

## You could solve this problem

usin g a tree diagram.

10 10 10 26 26 26
10 because there are 10
possible digits to choose

## 26 because there are 26 letters

in the alphabet.

from.{1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0}

## 10 10 10 26 26 26 17576000 different license plates.

Practice
In class
assignment
Do this on a piece of paper and hand in at end of class.
Find the total number of outcomes for.
a)

b)

c)

## 6 people sitting in 6 chairs in a row?

d) 8 Swimmers have qualified for the 100 m swim. How many ways can the gold, silver and bronze medals be given out?

Practice