Você está na página 1de 10

Probability and Statistics

Lesson #1 Outcomes

What is probability all


about?
Probability is about odds. It is about making educated
guesses about the future from observed trends. We use
it when we check the weather or when we predict human
behaviors. It is important in games, in buying lottery
tickets and at the casino. Probability is all around us and
we use it every day.

Probability in the real world

Basic Counting Principle


List the possible arrangements of outcomes if students are asked stand up at the front?

A B
B A
2 outcomes

A B C D B A C D

A B C
A C B
B A C
B C A
C A B

C B A
6 outcomes

A B D C

B A D C

A C B D
A C D B

B C A D
B C D A

A D C B
A D B C
C B A D
C B D A
C A
B D

B D C A
B D A C

C A D B
C D A B
C D B A
24 outcomes

D B C A
D B A C
D C B A
D C A B
D A C B
D A B C

Page 135
Answer question 1 to 6

Milk
Pasta

Water

Tree Diagram: Possible Dinners..

Juice

Milk
Fajitas

Water
Juice
Milk

Stir Fry

Water
Juice

Pie
Jello
Pie
Jello
Pie
Jello
Pie
Jello
Pie

You have a choice between


1 meal (pasta, fajitas, stir fry)
1 drink (almond milk, water, juice)
1 desert (jello, pie)

Jello
Pie

The total number of different


Options you have to choose from
is 18.

Jello

3x3x2=18 options

Pie
Jello
Pie
Jello
Pie
Yogurt

How many outcomes are there when


b) Rolling 2 dice

{1,2,3,4,5,6}
6 outcomes

6 6 36 Outcomes

a) Rolling 1 die
c) Rolling 3 dice

6 6 6 216 Outcomes

You could solve this problem


usin g a tree diagram.

How many possible Quebec license plates start with 3 number followed by 3 letters.

10 10 10 26 26 26
10 because there are 10
possible digits to choose

26 because there are 26 letters


in the alphabet.

from.{1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0}

10 10 10 26 26 26 17576000 different license plates.

Practice
In class
assignment
Do this on a piece of paper and hand in at end of class.
Find the total number of outcomes for.
a)

a license plate with 4 letters followed by 3 numbers.

b)

rolling a die then tossing a coin.

c)

6 people sitting in 6 chairs in a row?

d) 8 Swimmers have qualified for the 100 m swim. How many ways can the gold, silver and bronze medals be given out?

Practice
Answers
Find the total number of outcomes for.
a) 26x26x26x26x10x10x10=456976000 different plates.
b) rolling a die then tossing a coin. 6x2=12 different outcomes.
c) 6 people sitting in 6 chairs in a row? 6x5x4x3x2x1= 720 different outcomes.

Bonus: 8x7x6=336 different ways the medals can be given out.