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Sakura

sakura sakura
noyama mo sato mo
mi-watasu kagiri
kasumi ka kumo ka
asahi ni niou
sakura sakura
hana zakari
sakura sakura
yayoi no sora wa
mi-watasu kagiri
kasumi ka kumo ka
nioi zo izuru
izaya izaya
mini yukan

Cherry blossoms, cherry blossoms,


In fields and villages
As far as you can see.
Is it a mist, or clouds?
Fragrant in the morning sun.
Cherry blossoms, cherry blossoms,
Flowers in full bloom.
Cherry blossoms, cherry blossoms,
Across the spring sky,
As far as you can see.
Is it a mist, or clouds?
Fragrant in the air.
Come now, come now,
Let's look, at last!

Biwa

The Biwa is a Japanese short-necked


fretted lute. It is the chosen instrument of
Benten, goddess of music, eloquence,
poetry, and education in Japanese Shinto.

SHO

The sh ( ?) is a Japanese free reed musical instrument that was


introduced from China during the Nara period (AD 710 to 794). It is modeled
on the Chinese sheng, although the sh tends to be smaller in size. It
consists of 17 slender bamboo pipes, each of which is fitted in its base with
a metal free reed. Two of the pipes are silent, although research suggests
that they were used in some music during the Heian period.

The instrument's sound is said to imitate the call of a phoenix, and it is for
this reason that the two silent pipes of the sh are keptas an aesthetic
element, making two symmetrical "wings". Like the Chinese sheng, the
pipes are tuned carefully with a drop of wax. As moisture collected in the
sh's pipes prevents it from sounding, performers can be seen warming the
instrument over a small charcoal brazier when they are not playing. The
instrument produces sound when the player's breath is inhaled or exhaled,
allowing long periods of uninterrupted play. The sh is one of the three
primary woodwind instruments used in gagaku, Japan's imperial court
music. Its traditional playing technique in gagaku involves the use of tone
clusters called aitake , which move gradually from one to the other,
providing accompaniment to the melody.

Taiko

Hichiriki

Koto

Ryuteki

Shamisen

The Shamisen (literally "three strings") also called Samisen or


Sangen is a three-stringed Japanese musical instrument played with
a plectrum called a Bachi. The construction of the shamisen varies
in shape and size, depending on the genre in which it is used. The
bachi used will also be different according to genre, if it is used at
all. The Japanese shamisen originated from the Chinese instrument
sanxian. The sanxian was introduced through the Ryky Kingdom
(Okinawa) in the 16th century, where it developed into the Okinawan
instrument sanshin from which the shamisen ultimately derives. It is
believed that the ancestor of the shamisen was introduced in the
16th century at port Sakai near Osaka.

Shakuhachi

Shoko

Kotsuzumi

Kakko