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HISTORY OF HINDI LITERATURE-APPSC JL/DL/LPCET

(..to be continued...)

Note- For History of Hindi


Literature part -1 see 25 may
2011 PRAGNA Magazine
or visit our web site

www.suryaa.com

Md.Munvar Ali, M.A,HPT


Hindi Pandit,
KarimNagar

S.I. of Police: GENERAL ENGLISH


Words Often Confused
(Continued from last week)
21. Make ducks and drakes of : (squander)
Never make ducks and drakes of your money
on unnecessary things.
He inherited a vast fortune from his
deceased aunt and soon made ducks and
drakes of it.
22.beside................. besides
beside = by the side of
There is a house beside the sea.
besides = in addition to; further more;
Besides my two sons, my nephew too have
joined the army.
23.Abstract........... Extract
abstract = a brief summary;
He gave an abstract of the whole novel in
about 500 words.
Extract = a passage taken from a book;
This is an extract from Raja Rao's novel.
24.Alternative .................... Alternate

Alternative = an option;
There is no alternative to hard work if you
want to achieve success.
Alternate = two things coming one after the
other;
Day and night alternate with each other.
25.Confident ......... Confidential
Confident = sure;
I am confident of passing the examination.
Confidential = trusted; secret;
Please keep the matter confidential.
26. Eminent ................. Imminent
Eminent = great,
Nehru is an eminent writer.
Imminent = about to happen;
A battle between India and Pakistan is imminent.
27. Cogenial .......... congenital
Cognenial = suitable Agreeable
We can work better in cogenial surroundings.
Congential = from birth;
His blindness is congenital.

28.Distinct ............ Distinctive


distinct = seperate;
These two words are quite distinct though
they sound alike.
distinctive = characteristic;
The distinctive quality of our teacher is his
clarity.
29.Popular .......... Populous.
Popular = liked by people;
Nehru was a popular leader.
polulous = thickly populated;
Calcutta is a very populous city nowa days.
30.Estimate ......... Estimation - Esteem
estimate = calculation;
Before starting any project, we must prepare
an estimate of the expenditure.
estimation = opinion,
In my estimation, Chinua Achebe is a great
writer.
esteem = respect; I hold Dr.B.R.Ambedkar in
high esteem.
31.Imaginary ................. Imaginative

Imaginary = not real;


His fears are imaginary.
The characters in the novel of "kanthapura"
are imaginary.
imaginative = gifted with imagination; John
keats was a very imaginative poet.
32.Hole .......... Whole
hole = opening,
There is a hole in my pocket.
Whole = complete;
I have read the whole lesson.
33.Soar ........... Sore
Soar = go up;
Prices of every item are soaring.
Sore = painful;
I have a sore throat.
34.Weak ........Week
Weak = having no strength,
He is too weak to work in the hot sun.
week = seven days;
Our college works thorughout the week.

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11

Animals: Tiger, elephant, goat, cow.


4. Chiranjeevi has three children.
{$, {r$ V>Z E-$ - ^-st() { AO V V $aMy
Underline the nouns of the following
5. The C.M left for Delhi yesterday.
s, CMO A-$$ $$-y/yGy y{X r$ E^* #s$. C M>M$y AM H A
4. Adverb ({M* )
$ A (s-s)Z ---V> E-~
I V> ^$a$ A$ B sentences.
1. Ashoka was a great king.
Adverb is a word which qualifies ({M$
Er$. M$P ^rt A$ZM _a
A $_ $$$ rty. { sM
2. China has a large population.
$$MP V> $$MPV> $$$M {M$
s $y {$M, {$M $$Z
NV> A$#.
3. The Ganga is a sacred river.
$$MP V> A> ^ Adverb
$O $ $M$ A^ E CM* >{$ _ .$,
4.
Hyderabad
is
a
beautiful
city.
As
$)
2010, AV$tZ GsD E$ A
y.G. I s $$$ y$ (2008) Z
5.
English
is
an
international
language.
Note:
ly A$$ $ #
(s^ Ghs st&ss)$ ^ ~
CW s$ JM A^ B {M>
2.
The
Pronoun
(

$
)
Adverb
M

M $$. E----M$
$$_. GsD *YM> M$V$V> >
y.
The
names
which
use
instead
of
Nouns
quickly,
suddenly, slowly, neatly, daily,
yOMts B *P Gy$M ss kO 31
&1 , & 2 E$y
are
called
pronouns.
(
weekly,
monthly,
quarterly, halfyearly, yearly,

$
$V>
y

^ ~$$_.
1. Parts of speech
annually,
rarely,
panctually,
only, often every

$
(pronouns)
As

$
.
ssZ M>O$$V *$P$ 60 V>
2. Tenses
day,
every
month
etc.
There
are
many
pronouns
in
English
but
if
~$$ ^$. Z l, yZ y$3. Types of sentences
Underline the adverbs of the following sen
you mind the following pronouns you can
$ ss $. JM A _
4. Prepositions & Articles
tences.
answer
the
questions
under
this
part
easily.
A$$ M*y sh $$V$^$MyM
5. Degrees of comparison
1. Let us start now.
Subjective Objective Possessive Reflexive
G DM$ f$M>^$a. ssZ
6. DS &IDS
I
me
mine
myself
2. He writes the notes neatly.
*$PM$ yGZ 20 $$si$

M^$. {$M $$ 1 $y 5 V$M$


Z^ E$$$ & 1Z$, 6 $y 8
V$M$ Z^ E $$$ &2Z 60
*$P$ ^ Er$. y$
$$Z* Z^$M$ A$$ y$
Z* 60 *$P$ ^.
2012 f- > JMs $y 5 -V
M$ u>$ Z^$M$ yDy A-$$
*{$ A$$. D Mr-W $ -&1 > -$. 6,7,8 -V-$-M$ Z^$-M$ yDy,
Dy $ A$$.
ssZ ^a *$P MM.
y$-Z 20 $$-si C$-$
ssZ ^a *$P$ A-$ --$$ $$. 150 *$P$ V -&1 $$$ &2Z 60 *$P$ _ E-~
_ V> V$-$. A-$-M$ 50
$$$ G, Gt A-$-M$ 40 *$P$
>.
ss CX V> ^y.
ss &l $$$ llZ CXM$
_ # JM A$ E$$. -A$$
&llZ M A$ GM$PV> E$$.
s 3 V $y 8 V M* V
CX$ sMt$M, P$M, ysOz $MZ
V {V>$ t$ $~V> A^.
A$$ # A* $V$ $y$
$y _a Es$. M>st { A
JM y Z Ay $$.
CXO rt$ ^yM JM jM$t GMt
VY $, _sP$ $$M {y.
CX GMPy $y () H t $y
{ A $ $M, ^$
A$$ { BV> $$$rty

7. Question-tags
8. AV & PV
9. Use of phrases
10. Comprehension
11. Composition
12. Vocabulary

Cy$ $ &l , &ll Z M>$V>


# AZ $$rV> Parts of spech
( V>$) V$_ *sy$ M$.
1. PARTS OF SPEECH

We
us
ours
our selves
You
you
yours
yourself
You
You
yours
yourselves
She
her
hers
herself
He
him
his
himself
It
it
its
it self
They
them
theirs
themselves
Other pronouns:
No
No one
Nobody
Nothing
Every Everyone Every body Everything
Some Some one Somebody
Something
Underline the pronouns for the following
sentences.
1. I met Lavanya yesterday.
2. They will visit the Tajmahal tomorrow.
3. You are a good student.
4. Its raining now.
5. we are not your servents.
3. Verb ({M$)
A verb is a word which tells an action or
state or possession of the subject in the present.
(M (Subject) $$MP or , MY
Ey$r$ verb ({M$) As$.
action () : go, eat, drink, come
State () : am, was, were
Possession (MY Eyr) : have, has, had
verbs are divided into 2 types.
They are
1. Helping verbs or Auxiliary verbs
2. Main verbs
Helping verbs ($M {M$$): H {M$$

Parts As V $$$ Speech As


() *r$ A A. As V>$ A
A. CX Z AM M$O $ #$$
A$$ A Sentence (M)Z ^ st
s 8 V>$V> h^$. s Parts of
speech ( V>$) As$.
A$$ JM M> ^yZ $ ^*
1. The Noun ($^M)
Es* s $ {M$$ As$. C
2. The Pronoun ($)
24 M#. A:
3. Verb ({M$)
am, is, are, was, were, do, does, did,
4. Adverb ({M* )
have, has, had, will, would, can, could,
5. Adjective ()
may, might, shall, should, need to, dare to
6. Preposition (M)
used to must to ought to
7. Conjunction ($$^a$)
Main verbs ({ {M$$):
8. Interjection (Ba>M)
$$ $ g { {M$$ (Main verb)
1. The Noun ($^M)
As
$. { Main verb M$ 3 *$ Es$$.
The names of persons, places, things,
animals, etc are called Nouns.
($$$ $$MP, $$MP, $# $$MP,
f$# $$MP $ $ Nouns

As$)
Eg: Persons: Lavanya, Kiran, Mumyth
khan.
Places: Hyderabad, Tirupathi, Valmiki
pu ram.
Things: table, pen, bat.

3. Murali was deaf too.


4. She works very care
fully.
5. He reads the Hindu
daily.

K.Venkata Ramana
Director K.V.R. Spoken English

Cell: 9959 310 234

5
b{ |\ JMA $VV$$y-f-W$ B{M-M-$ry$.,
|+ f$$ NV> $^$M--y-M y$^ . CZ $ y$V$s . $$yM M*y V$y f$. -fV>
Cs J-yZ Gs O V>-$ --y--$.
CM i $$W--st Z MW-$. g-M $Z ^ $ H _ Mt-MO,
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--y--$. M> D ty {MM-r y-_
Mr E-$ GW-y$. Cs- f-W I-GZ sV A- Ba- $$^y$. A {M-V. V$ V-^- $$M$P
-$-M$ M ^-$. A A-$ ^$.
D {M u>$ $a--M$-$.

bs& + & . .
1. i-Z Gs Mt-$$-_a G-_, >y
M $Z Er$.
2. G-O $$ M$V-, *r ...
M *- $ f$ *{$.
3. , r$t-, {M$---, { Es Gs
f* A$$ ^-^$a.
4. H { $y _a, H M$r$ $y
_a Z Es G* f-* B$.
5. JMP _$--# Gs -P - O
G$-P--^$a.
6. $# Gs MtZ E....{-^-M
B A^-^$a.
7. G G$ G-W,
VY $ B-^$,
Mt Mt-$V> ^$.
BM -M~, IPS,
Ay-- G, MV*y

present form (v1) pastform (v2) past participle form (v3)


go
went
gone
eat
ate
eaten
Underline the verbs of the following
sentences.
1.The state govt ordered the collectors.
2. We have many problems.
3. Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated.
Email- gandhianpolicing@gmail.com

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T<ys+ 1 pH 2011
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yT 26
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A s y MV$.
$$QV> {V*&1 $$$ $$$
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$V$ $ Mty i s A$$$.
Ass Css s$s M>$, A*
$^$aM, D y.
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? B... ! CM> ^$ ^$$> ? ss
(TET) M { ? {V*M { M> ?
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>

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 Euro
 ear

HOMONYMS
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 drum

 dub

 Duck

 Dudgeon

 Dug
 Dump

 Dun

Apparatus for dragging


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To sprinkle (flour, etc.)
A musical instrument
A long, narrow ridge of
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Confer knighthood upon
To give a new soundtrack
A deep pool in a stream
A water bird
To dive, dip under water
To bob the head
A kind of untwilled linen
Anger, sullen resentment,
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The root of the box tree
That has been dug
A teat, a nipple of an animal
A pile of refuse
A cointer used in playing
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To demand payment with
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 earnest

 egg
 elder

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 Entrain

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The organ of hearing


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Serious, grave
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To incite, urge
Older; senior in position
Tree of the genus
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To furnish with battlements
A smouldering piece of
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An anniversary, a recur
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To enfold in the arms
To fasten or fix with a
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One who embraces
One who tries to corrupt a
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To draw after, to bring as
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To put into a railway
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A unit of work done

 Even

 exact

 exit

 exon

 explicit

 express

 eye
To watch,
to observe

An area of shifting sand


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The disease of ergot in
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Arguing, wrangling
An Australian wallaby
Currency of European
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Level, smooth, uniform
To make smooth or level
To a like degree, equally
Precisely agreeing in
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To compel to be paid or
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A passage or door, a way
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To depart, to leave a place
A corporal of the Yeomen
of the Guard
A segment of a gene con
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Plainly expressed, dis
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An old word equivalent to
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Direct, explicit, definitely
show or stated
To set out, to represent, to
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The organ of vision

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Literary etc. work which
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Just, reasonable, legiti
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Light in colour
Passably good
A funfair; a market
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A ventilation or cooling
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Swift, rapid, moving
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 fawn
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S.I. of Police: GENERAL ENGLISH


(11) Write a report on the accident in which
a motorcyclist was killed instantaneously
when he dashed a lorry, while over taking it.
LORRY HIT A MOTOR CYCLE MOTORIST DEAD
Hyderabad, March 1 (PTI) : During the last
hours of yesterday, near the Vijayawada - Hyd
erabad highway, a motorist was killed in a
accident when a lorry hit his motorcycle. The
driver of the lorry absconded leaving the lorry
deserted on the road. This road was marked
accident prone and proper care has to be taken
by the motorists. Police came to the spot to
enquire into the causes of the accident and
complete the necessary formalities. Such incidents became common on this road. The dead
body of the motorist was taken for post-mor
tem. Later it was handed over to the relatives.
Police are investigating to fnd out the owner
of the lorry. People in that area reported the
Police that the motorist was trying to overtake
the lorry when the accident occurred.
(12)Write a report as Assistant Manager to
the General Manager on a fire accident in
your factory. Imagine tat 3 workers died, 20
injured and property destroyed before fire
was controlled by Fire Service personnel.
A REPORT FROM Asst. MANAGER,
RAKESH MOHAN
To
The General Manager,

Alpha Motor Works Pvt. Ltd.,


Coimbatore.
Dear Sir,
I am report that our factory in
Rajahmundry caught fire yesterday because
of the short circuit in the godown. The fare
aggravated as the rubber tyres in the godown
quickly caught fire. Three workers bringing
stock from the godown were burnt alive.
About twenty workers near the godown were

Report Writing
injured before the fire personnel came and
controlled the flames. Rs. 15 lakh worth of
property got completely damaged and I am in
the process of claiming insurance. I request
you to provide monetary support for the families of the dead and injured workers.
Yours sincerely,
(Rakesh Mohan)
Assistant Manager.
(13)Write a report on the 'blood donation
camp held by the students' organisa-tions in
your town and the voluntary donations of
students on Republic Day.
Blood : The life saver
Vijayawada, Jan' 1 (PTI) : It was amazing

V$$ (Sphere):

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to see a long queue of students, not in front of


a theatre, but at the entrance to a Blood Dona
tion Camp, organized by the local Vivekan
anda Youth Service Centre on the occasion of
the Republic Day. There was a tremendous
response to the call of the CENTRE's secretary to donate blood voluntarily. Services of
the personnel of local hospitals were sought to
collect, group and store blood. Hygienic conditions were taken proper care of. The

President of the Centre, speaking at the closing ceremony, highlighted the need to donate
'safe' blood. One of the donors was heard saying, "Real happiness lies NOT in Taking But
in Giving". How True !
(14)Write a report on the AIDS awareness
campaign held in your town, highlighting
safety measures that should be observed to
prevent the spread of the dreaded disease.
AIDS Awareness Camp in Nellore
Nellore, March 1 (PTI) : An AIDS awareness camp was held in Nellore. The participantswere enlightened about safety measures.
"The young must be ready against AIDS" said
the speakers. The other might be an AIDS

= (88x49)/7
= 4312/7
= 616 ^..$

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'r'

K.Venkata Ramana
Director K.V.R. Spoken English

Cell: 9959 310 234

= (88x9261)/21
= 814968/21
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patient. So learning about AIDS is not a sin or


crime. They left that it was the best way to
protect the partner also.
They advised use of condomes. "It may be
wrongly used by the perverted, but it protects
the chaste" said the speakers. They advised
the young against eating from one another's
plates. They also warned against western
method of greeting with kisses. They are
harmful. The camp was organised by help
youth of India - district wing. It was attended
by many college lecturers and students also.
(15)Write a report on the disappearance of
three students who went to a picnic?
Disappearance of Students - Picnic
Kurnool, March 1 (PTI) : Three students
who went for swimming into the river yesterday afternoon were drowned. They were caug
ht in a whirlpool and even their bodies were
not found. They were among the group of students who have come for a picnic from Kurn
ool. All of them belong to Coles Memorial
Junor College in Kurnool. The other students
cried for help. But it was of no use. The local
police have been reported to search for the bodies is going on.

(88/7) r2
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= (4x22x9261)/3x7
= 814968/21
= 38808 $..$

M$M Cy V$$ $*$$


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Shortcut :
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|C nqT+<+

T<ys+ 2 |e] 2011

10 Class : ENGLISH
th

Complete the following words by using


ia, ai, ei, ie, ee, ea, ae, au, ou, uo
1. Court_____r (ie, ei)
2. P____pie
(eo, ea)
3. H____rd
(ea, ae)
4. Cr___ture
(ea, ia)
5. Appropr___te (ia, ie)
6. G___ rd
(au, ua)
7. Ch___ky
(ee, ea)
8. Impat__ntly
(ie, ia)
9. L__gh
(au, ua)
10. Thr___gh
(ou, uo)
11. S___ze
(ei, ie)
12. Spr___d
(ea, ae)
13. Exper__nce
(ie, ia)
14. Grad___lly
(ua, au)
15. Be___tiful
(au, ua)
16. L___rnt
(ea, ae)
17. App___r
(ea, ie)
18. P___ sant
(ea, ae)
19. Offic___l
(ia, ie)
20. L___st
(ea, ee)
21. Y___ ng
(ou, uo)
22. S__ med
(ee, ea)
23. M___ stache (ou, uo)
24. V___ce
(oi, io)
25. Ag___ nst
(ai, ia)
26. Nikol___uich (ae, ea)
27. Jardharg___n (ao, ea)
29. Fr___nd
(ie, ei)
30. Br___the
(ea, ee)
31. Ach___ve
(ie, ei)
32. T___cher
(ee, ea)
33. L__ding
(ea, ee)
34. Ero__n
(io, oi)
35.Ar__nd
(au, ou)
36. ch__n
(ai, ia)
37. r___ch
(ee,ea)
38. incr__se
(ea, ee)
39. infl___nce
(ue, ua)
40. acc__ntant
(ou, au)
41. rel__ve
(ie, ei)
42. m__n
(ee, ea)
43. million__re
(ai, ia)
44. r___lize
(ea, ia)

45. worr__d
46. rec__ve
47. afr__d
48. espec__lly
49. th__sand
50. bel__ve
51. Pi__se
52. bec__se
53. sold__r
54. c__rage
55. rest__rant
56. bur__d
57. arch__ology
58. tr__sure
59. rel__se
60. anc__nt
61. Egypt__n
62. cl__m
63. dr__m
64. aud__nce
65. tr__t
66. Gangyin__s
67. J___rney
68. tradit__nal
69. enc__rage
70. Europ__n
71. c___ntry
72. abr__d
73. gr__t
74. pr__d
75. expl__n
76. apprec___te
77. r___son
78. d___ry
79. cur__sity
80. tr__ble
81. Pi__sant
82. St__ned
83. agr__ment
84. d__ghter
85. accompan__d
86. sh___lder
87. shr__k
88. bl__d
89. 1___ther

(ie, ei)
(ei, ie)
(ai, ia)
(ia, ie)
(ou, au)
(ie, ei)
(ea, ee)
(au, ua)
(ie, ia)
(au, ua)
(au, ua)
(ie, ei)
(ae, ea)
(ea, ae)
(ea, ee)
(ie, ia)
(ia, ie)
(ai, ia)
(ee, ea)
(ie, ia)
(ea, ee)
(ou, au)
(ou, au)
(ai, io)
(ou, uo)
(ea, ia)
(ou, ou)
(oa, ao)
(ea, ae)
(au, ou)
(ai, ia)
(ia, ie)
(ea, ee)
(ia, ai)
(io, ai)
(ou, uo)
(ea, ae)
(ai, ia)
(ee, ea)
(au, ua)
(ie, ei)
(ou, au)
(ie, ei)
(ea, oo)
(ea, ae)

90. r__se
(ai, ia)
91. music___n
(ia, ie)
92. compan___n (ia, io)
93. 1___utnent
(ie, ea)
94. qu__ t
(ie, ei)
95. mount___n
(ai, ia)
96. obed___nce
(ie, ea)
97. Non v ___ lence (oi, io)
98. p___se
(ua, au)
99. r___ listic
(ea, io)
100. p___ rcing
(ie, ei)
ANSWERS

1.ie 2. ea 3. ea 4.ea 4.ia 6. ua 7. ee


8. ie 9.au 10. ou 11. ei 12.ea 13. ie
14. ua 15. au 16. ea 17. ea 18. ea
19. ia 20. ea 21. ou 22. ee 23. ou
24. oi 25. ai 26. au 27. ao 28.ea 29.
ie 30. ea 31. ie 32. ea 33. ea 34. io
35. ou 36. ai 37. ea 38. ea 39. ue
40. ou 41. ie 42. ea 43. ai 44.a 45.
ie 46. ei 47. ai 48. ia 49. ou 50. ie
51.ea 52. au 53. ie 54. ou 55. au 56.
ie 53. ae 58. ea 59. ea 60.ie 61. ia
62.ai 63.ea 64. ie 65. ea 66.ou 67.ou
69. ou 68. io 69.ou 70. ea 71.ou 72.
oa 73. ea 74. ou 75.ai 76. ia 77.ea
78. ia 79. io 80. ou 81. ea 82. ai
83.ee 84. au 85.ie 86. ou 87.ie 88.
oo 89.ea 90. ai 91 . ia 92 . io 93. ie
94. ie 95. ai 96. ie 97.io 98. au 99.ea
100.ie
1. Const ___
(antly, ently)
2. Prob___
(ably, obly)
3. Unfortuna___ (ately, tly)
4. Happ___
(ened, nd)
5. Appropri___ (ate, ete)
6. Punish___
(merit, ment)
7. Vout___
(ine, ene)
8. Sudd___
(enly, anly)
9. Immedia___ (tely, tly)
10. Brisk___ly
(ly, ely)
11. Impatien___ (tely, tly)
12. Experi___
(ence, ance)
13. Respon___
(cible, sible)

14. Illiter___
15. Peas___
16. Govern___
17. Success___
18. Moust___
19. Enve___
20. Unthink___
21. Electri___
22. Mulb___
23. Atmos___
24. Import___
25. Nurs___
26. Confer___
27. Milli___
28. Farm____
29. Obedi___
30. Respon___
31 Account___
32 Cert____
33 Myster____
34. Million___
35. Dr____
36. Especial___
37. Val____
38. Particul____
39. Thous____
40. Beauti____
41. Influ____
42. Correspond__
43. Lieutn____
44. Illiter____
45. Differ____
46. Restaur____
47. Grate____
48. Audi____
49. Auditor____
50. Perform____
51. Uncrush____
52. Prop____
53. Amput____
54. Gangr____
55. Passion____
56. Journ____
57. Par____
58. Bal____

(ate, ete)
(ant, ent)
(ment, mant)
(full, ful)
(ache, eche)
(lope, lop)
(able, ble)
(city, sity)
(emy, amy)
(fere, phere)
(ant, ent)
(ary, ery)
(ence, ance)
(ion, eon)
(er, ar)
(ence, ance)
(sible, cible)
(ant, ent)
(ainly, ianly)
(ious, eous)
(aire, iere)
(ily, yly)
(iiy, ly)
(tey, ey)
(ar, er)
(and, end)
(full, ful)
(ence, ance)
(ant, ent)
(ant, ent)
(ate, ete)
(ant, ent)
(ant, ent)
(ful, full)
(ence, ance)
(eum, ium)
(able, ble)
(erly, arly)
(ate, ete)
(ance, ence)
(enous, inous)
(ate, ete)
(ey, y)
(ent, ant)
(ance, asfi.)

PARABOLA
Inter Maths II(B)

Prove that the poles of normal chords of the


parabola y2=4ax lie on the curve (x+2a)
y2+4a3=0
Sol:- Given eq of parabola y2=4ax ---> (1)
The eq of normal chord of the parabola is
y+xt = 2at + at3
=> x(t)+y - (2at+at3) = 0 ----> (2)
Let P(x1y1) be the pole of (2) w.r.t (1)
The eq of polar of 'p' w.rt eq (1) is
yy1-2a(x+x1) = 0
=> x(-2a)+y(y1)+(-2ax1) = 0 ---- > (3)
eq (2) & (3) represent same lines,
t/-2a = 1/y1 = +(2at+at3)/+2ax1
=> 1/-2a - 1/y1 ---> t = -21/y1 ---(4)
=> t/-2a = 2at+at3/2ax1 => - t = 2at+at3/x1
=> -x1t = 2at + at3

=> -x1(-2a/y1) = 2a (-2a/y1)+a(-2a/y1)3 (from 4)


=> 2ax1/y1 = -4a2y12-8a4/y13
=> 2a(x1/y1) = -2a(2ay12+4a3)/y13y12
=> - x1y12 = 2ay12+4a3
=> x1y12+2ay12+4a3 = 0
=> (x1+2a)y12 + 4a3 = 0
The locus of 'p' is (x+2a)y2+4a3=0
Prove that the poles of tangents to the para
bola y2=4ax with respect to the parabola
y2=4bx lie on Q parabola. (May 2009)
Sol:- Given eq of parabola y2=4ax ----> (1)
The eq of any tangent to (1) is of the form
y=max+a/m ---> (2)
Let P(xy1) be the pole of (2) wrt
y2 = 4bx ---> (3)
Then the polar of 'p' w.rt (3) is s1=0

i.e. yy1-2b(x+x1) = 0 => yy1=2bx+2bx1 ----> (4)


eq (2) & (4) represent the same lines comparing the coefficients.
1/y1 = m/2b = a/m/(abx1) => 1/y1 = m/2b
=> m/2b = a/2bmx1 => 2b/y1 = m
=> m2 = a/x1 Now, m2 = a/x1 (2b/y1)2 = a/x1
=> 4b2/y12 = a/x1 => 4b2x1/a = y12
y12 = (4b2/a)x1
The pole 'p' lines on the parabola y2 = (4b2/a)x
Show that the poles of chords of a parabola
y2=4ax which subtend a right angles at ver-

59. Langu____
60. Charact____
61. Achievem___
62. Adolsc___
63. Enchantm___
64. Strang___
65. Serious___
66. Husb___
67. Curio ___
68. Usua___
69. Should___
70. Desc____
71. Independ____
72. Childr___

(age, ege)
(er, or)
(ent, ant)
(ent, ant)
(ant, ent)
(ely, ly)
(ely, ly)
(and, end)
(sity, city)
(iiy, iy)
(er, ar)
(and, end)
(ent, ant)
(en, an)

ANSWERS
1. antly
3.tiy
5.ate
7.ine
9.tely
11.tly
13. sible
15. ant
17. ful
19. lope
21. city
23. phere
25. eny
27. ion
29. ence
31. ant
33. ious
35. yles
37. ley
41. ence
45. ent
49. ium
53. ate
57. ent
61. ent 63. ent
65. ly
67. sity
69. er
71. ent

2. ably
4. ened
6. ment
8. enly
10. ly
12. ence
14. ate
16. ent
18. ache
20. able
22. erry
24. ant
26. ence
28. er
30. sible
32. ainly
34. aive
36. lly
39. and
43. ant
47. ful
51. able
55. ate
59. age

P.N.Bhaskar Rao
School Asst.
Nellore

tex, lies on a line parallel to its directrix.


(June 2005, March 2008)
sol:- Given eq of parabola y2=4ax --->(1)
Let p(x1y1) be the pole
The poles of chord of 'p' w.rt (1) is
yy1-2a(x+x1) = 0 yy1-2ax-2ax1=0
yy1-2ax=2ax1 => yy1-2ax/2ax1 = 1 ----> (2)
The Equation of pair of lines LA and L1A is
obtained by homogenising the eq (1) with the
help of (2); The comined equation of LA and
L1A is
y2 = 4ax (yy1-2ax/2ax1)
y2=4ax (1)
2
=> x1y =2x(yy1-2ax) => x1y2=2xyy1-4ax2
=> x1y2-2xyy1+4ax2=0 => (4a)x2-2xyy1+(x1)y2 = 0
But LAL1 = 900, i.e eq (3) represents a pair of
r lines, then coeff of x2+coeff of y2 = 0
i.e., 4a + x1 = 0 => x1 = -4a
'p' lies on x = -4a and it is ||
to the directrix x = a. Hence
the result.

A.V.PHANEENDRA SARMA
Sr. Lecturer in Mathematics
achikuchi.phaneedra@gmail.com

10

T<ys+ 2 e] 2011

|C nqT+<+

th
10

CLASS ENGLISH

Letter Writing
(1)Write to the Manager, applying for the post of Jr. Asst.,
Place:
Date:
To
The Manager,
Kalyani & Co.,
HYDERABAD.

(4) Write a letter to the Editor of the Newspaper about the


nuisance of beggers:
Place:
Date:
To
The Editor,
The Indian Express,
HYDERABAD.
Sir,

Gentlemen,
I would like to apply for the post of Jr. Assistant advertised in to-day's Indian Express.
I am twenty. I have passed the S.S.C examination in first
class. I have taken a course in typewriting and computer.
I herewith enclose some testimonials and would refer you
to the Headmaster of the School for my character.
If I am given the post, I can assure you I will do my best
to give you satisfaction.
Envelop

Yours truly,

xxxxx
(2) Write a letter to the Sub-Inspector of Police complaining
the theft of valuable things.
Place:
Date:
To
The Sub-Inspector of Police,
I Town Police,
HYDERABAD.
Sir,
I am sorry to bring to your notice that the thefts are
common in our locality. When it becomes dark, people will
affraid with thieves. The thieves break into the houses and take
precious things by threatening the owners. Recently the
thieves rushed in a house and made off with jewels when the
owners were on pilgrimage. The people living here are in great
fear. So I request you to make patrolling at night and avoid
thefts.
Envelop

Yours faithfully,

xxxxx
(3) Write a letter to the Postmaster complaining to make
enquiry and handover the registered parcel:
Place:
Date:
To
The Postmaster,
Head Post office
HYDERABAD.
Sir,
I would like to bring to your kind notice that my
uncle sent a registered parcel to me containing the valuables. I
have not received it till now. He sent it by the Registered post
20 days ago.
I shall be obliged if you kindly make enquiry and
handover the registered post as the earliest.
Envelop

Yours faithfully,

I would like to bring to your notice about the nuisance of beggers. Now a days begging is a royal duty to abled
and disabled persons. They are being seen at the temples, theaters and important places. They demand for their alms. Some
abled persons will be changed as thieves at night. The
Government does not seem to take any action. They are burden
on Society. Hence I request the officers concerned to pay the
attention on this problem.
Envelop

Yours faithfully,
Xxxx

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

QUESTIONS &ANSWERS
THE KING AND THE TAMARIND DRUM
(1) Do you agree that the king's love and admiration for
himself was abnormal?
(A) He looked at himself constantly in mirror, in pools of water
even in other pupil's eyes when they spoke to him. So the
king's love and admiration for himself was abnormal.
(2) How did the God punish the king?
(A) The God punished the king by making two horns on his
head.
(3) The king warned the barber against doing something.
What was it?
(A) The king warned the barber not to reveal the secret that he
had horns on his head.
(4) Did the barber succeed in covering the king's horns
completely?
(A)The barber was not succeeded . He covered the king's horns
partially.
(5 )What happened when the royal musician played the
tamarind drum?
(A) When the royal musician played the tamarind drum it
intoned the Raja had horns on his head instead of "thum
thum, thum" sound.
(6) The change came over the king when he was in forest.
What was it?
(A) The king learnt about the beauty of the world around him.
He learnt to care for creatures smaller than himself. He
grew strong, wise and selfless.
(7)When did the king realise his horns had disappeared?
(A)While he was cupping his hands he saw his reflection. He
found that his horns had disappeared.

UNWRITTEN REGISTRY (POEM)


(1) What is first item in the poet's list of lovely things?
(A) The first item in the poet's list is " a river kissed by sun".
(2) The poet uses the two words day and night? Why?
(A) The poet's list and the Reader's list are different. Each has
a list of lovely things and strangely similar to each other.
(3) In whose list do flowers appear?
(A) In Reader's list.
(4) What does the poet compare beautiful music to?
(A) The poet compares beautiful music to gently and continuous falling of snow.
(5) What make the poets and the Reader's list strangely
similar?
(A)The two lists warm the heart and give happiness.

POLYA
xxxxx

(1) Who was Polya?

(A) Polya was an illiterate


woman.
(2) Who was Ivan?
(A) Ivan was a responsible
government Officer.
(3) Why was Ivan not happy with his wife?
(A)Ivan's wife does not know even to write her name. So he
was not happy with is wife.
(4) What did Polya find inside Ivan's jacket?
(A) She found a letter in Ivan's jacket.
(5) What did Polya make to read the letter?
(A) The letter was a nice clean one with neat handwriting and
slight scent of perfume.
(6) When did she realize to learn to read and write?
(A)When Polya found a mysterious letter in her husband's
jacket she realized to learn to read and write.
(7) What made Polya suspicious?
(A) Ivan took more care of moustache and clothes.
(8) How did Polya learn to read and write?
(A) She put together the words, learn to form the letters and
memorise sentences.
(9) Why did Polya feel "secretly insulted"?
(A) She suspected Ivan's behaviour. She knew that the letter was
written by Maria Blokhines. Then she felt secretly insulted.

CHIPKO
(1) What do the forests bear?(Produce)
(A) The forest produce soil, water and pure air.
(2) What is the main aim of the Chipko movement?
(A) Better land use, nursery management and reforestation.
(3) Why is Bahuguna so keen on preventing deforestation
in the Himalayas?
(A) Himalayas are destroying if they are not saved and India
will be turned into desert.
(4) Do you think that he was influenced by Gandhiji methods ?
(A) Bahuguna was influenced by Gandhiji methods nonviolence and disobedience to British rule. On foot marches he
spread the Chipko messages.
(5) Bahuguna started a movement in the 70's against the
contract system. Why?
(A) Bahuguna started a movement for stopping commercial
falling of trees in the Himalayas in Uttar Pradesh.
(6) Why have women led the fight against deforestation?
(A) For fuel and fodder.

JIMMY JET AND TV SET(Poem)


(1) Did Jimmy watch only some of the programmes on TV
or all of them? What happened to Jim as a result?
(A) Jim watched all the programmes on TV. As a result he
grew pale and lean.
(2) Several funny things happen to Jim. Which of them do
you think is the funniest?
(A) The funniest thing is his chin turned into a tuning dial.

FINANCIAL CARRIER
(1) I knew this beforehand what did the narrator know
before hand?
(A) His salary raised to fifty dollars a month and he felt that
the bank was the only place for it.
(2) What made the manager think that the narrator worked for
Pinkerton's Detective Agency?
(A) His mysterious manner made the manager that the narrator
worked for Pinkerton's Detective Agency.
(3) Why did the narrator try to look like a man with a quick
temper?
(A) The narrator thought that some one had insulted him while
he was writing the cheque. He wanted to withdraw all the
money.
(4) The narrator made one last mistake before
leaving the bank?
(A) He had drawn the whole money what he
deposited in the bank.

P.N.Bhaskar Rao, School Asst. Nellore

T<ys+ 2 e] 2011

|C nqT+<+

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2. $$$ V y$ >M>$ y?
f@ 1) M >M$$
2) V$$ >M$$
3) {M $$ >M$$
4) Zz$ >M$$
3. PV A H oM > *_$?
f@ PV = y x $*
= ML1T-2 x L3
= ML2T-2 = M
PV A M *_$.
4. M$ { 0.8 gm/cc. A$$ SI Z
$ G?
f@ M$ { = 0.8 gm/cc = 0.8 gm cm-3

7. JM f , f * A$
V$$ Gy* AZ ^$.
*V> E$$. x& A ^ M 13. fy As H$s? M fy$?
G?
f@ {$$ y$, >$
f@ f A = Fsin
Z E $# >$Z EysM ^
Z E $# V MVsM {$
f * A = Fcos
$. $# $$MP D > fy
$y Fsin = Fcos
As$. $V$Z *$$ M^
sin = cos => sin/cos = 1 => tan=1
$ $ fy. $# {>
tan = tan450 => = 450
fyM MV> $M^$a.
C_a $ M$$ = 450
8. y$ *$ 3 $$$ 5 $* 14. {^ As H$s? SI {*$,
r$. C 600 M ^$s
$$ {$y?
f@ GM$P M>r$ JM $#O
* G?
^ $$$ M>$$ {^$$
f@ P = 3 $*r$
As$.
Q = 5 $*r$
{^ J = $$ x M>$$
= 600
{*$$ @ *r & M$
R = P2+Q2+2PQcos = (3)2+(5)2+(2x3x5x1/2)
15. VfM $$$ {V> $
= 9+25+15 = 49 => 7 $*r$
>$y?
9. A= i-j M$ X- A>M $V M G?
f@ VfM K.E = 1/2(mv2)
f@ A = i - j
= xi+yj
{V$$ P = mv => v = P/m
A x & A ^$$M A$$
{V$$, VfM$ $ $$
KE = p2/2m

tan = y/x
tan = -1/1 => = 450

16.D M A*Z H oM > V>


Er$. 1. M A*
10. y$ V> E *$ 7
2. AM A*
$$$ 24 $*r$. D M
f@ 1) M A*Z {V> $$$$,
^a * G?
V M$ $$$$ y* V> Es$$.
f@ P = 7 $*r$
E $$ A$# $ A*$.
5. y#, $$MP {*$ $V$ r$
Q = 24 $*r$
2) A M A*Z {V> $$
_, y {* G r$ $V$$.
= 900
2
2
2
*{$ V> Ey$$. VfM M>$.
f@ y P1 = /O$$ = F/L
* R = P +Q
E Vy$ M$r, y$ M$$
F, L {*$$ 4 r$ W^ y P2 =
= (7)2+(4)2 = 49+576 = 625 = 25 $*r$
$ A*$$.
4F/(4L)2 = 4F/16 1/4.(F/L2)= P1/4 AV> 11. 5 kg {> V JM $# V 4i+2j-k
17. { V$M> __, M,
y$$ 4 r$ V$Y$.
ms-1 {V G?
AM A*M$ { V$M
6. {>, y#, M>, {*$ st# ^ f@ m = 5kg, v = (4i+2j-k) ms-1
$$ Py?
M {* H V> *$$?
{V P = MV = 5 (4i+2j-k)
f@ A* $$$ B $#$ $^
f@ MM $ $ = ML2T-2
= 20i+10j-5k kg.ms-1
V>M $$$ A* > $#$ y
E = ML2/T2
12. JM {M Q {M G?
$ V>M $ V {
MM * {*$ E1=(2m)(2L)2/(2T)2 f@ {M $$MP {M Q a = g
V$M As$. e *_$.
= (2m)(4L2)/4T2 = 2 (ML2/T2)= 2E
{M>Z $# ^ H V> EsM
1gm = 10-3 kg
1 cm = 10-2 m
{ S.I $ = 0.8 x (10-3 kg) x (10-2m)-3
= 0.8 x 10-3 x 106 kgm-3
= 0.8x103 kgm

CHEMISTRY- I
15. > fy $$#$ $^
{M {M$ *$$$ {$$$$.
^y?
JMPMP {M$ y$ *$P$.(10 x 2 = 20) 16. > fy $$#$ $^
Section - A
^y?
1. y$r> AV> $? JM E $$? 17. {y* > y$ O{yMOy
2. 2700C 5 * O{sZf $$MP VM
*$ ^ ^y?
MP Vrty (M>Z).
18.s$ (K) = 26.57, {M$$ (Cr) =
3. Na2CO3 $$MP $M> M$Vy.
35.36, BMf (O) = 38.07. $ V JM
4. $$ Q AV>$? NaCl, CsCl Z
$$$ $$MP AM $$ M$MPy.
$$ Q$ y?
(K, Cr, O *$ >$ 39, 52&16).
5. >O O{yf { y?
Section - C
6. Os $$$ y$Os $$ {$y?
7. G*$$ AV>$? JM E III. {M {M$ HO y$ {M$ *{$
*$$$ {$$$$. JMPMP {M$
y?
G$ *$P$.
(2 x 8 = 16)
8. Etg ^ AV> $? JM E y?
19.
Z

$
$Z
{

$
, O{y
9. COD $$$ TLV $ _^y?
f

s
^

^y?
10. V { MW^ HO $V$
{

$
,

$
A

$
M

_^y.
20.
$$# $ y?
$ A$M M {$ A$M M
Section - B
Ms GM$P G$M$. $$$ A$M M
II. {M {M$ HO B$ {M$ *{$
{ ^$$ A$ ^y?
*$$$ {$$$$. JMPMP {M$ 21. C *$ ^ HO $*y$ $$
$V$ *$P$.
(6 x 4 = 24)
A D {M s G ^ f$#
11. 270C. 2 $$# $$MP RMS V>
^y.
MP^y?
(a) Br2 / Ccl4 (b) O3
12. $ > O{yf >My (c) >M (d) $ M
* ^y?
G.y.V, Ma
13. SP3d2MM JM E ^y?
O>
14. Z>M N V$_ ^y?
I.

() { V$M = V$
V$$/ AV$ V$$.
N~ M A*M e = 1
AM A*M e <1
N~ AM A*M e =0
18. "h' G$$y a^eV> MM y JM $#
*$ M $ h/4 G$M$ OM B
$#M$ *$M $ { V$M
G?
f@ h1 = h, h2 = h/4
e = h2/h1 = (h/4)/h
= 1/4 = 0.25 = 0.5

19. Gst $Z $# {> M{, V$


$$ HM$$?
f@ HM V$ {Z $# () {>.
M{, V$ HM$$.
20. JM {> M{ {>
Ey A E?
f@ JM {> M{ Z {>
Ey A E M>V>
E $# M{M {> Ey$.
21. , W $ ^y$ $$$
AMV> ^y$ $
HV> Ey$$?
f@ W $ ^y$ f
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A V> AMV> ^y$
f $ W $ M*y $V$$.
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($V {$& *
M "*' Os www.sury
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M.>$M~, Ma
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CHEMISTRY- II
I.

{M {M$ *$$$ {$$$$.


JMPMP {M$ y$ *$P$.(10 x 2 = 20)
Section - A

1. y $$s $$$ >$y.


2. C $s$ AV>$?
3. G{sZ. $ G{sZ$ AV>$?
4. ^~ __, ^y.
5. POg As H$s?
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7. *s $O{M* As H$s? E
$$y.
8. B, >r$ >$ >$y.
9. M {M As H$s? M $y
G *$ ^$?
10. M> G$ ^ As H$s?
E*V$$?

$? E ^y. .
15. {{M$ V$_ ^y.
16. * s B O$ * ^y.
17. A$$? D
^y.
18. A$M, gsM My$ ^y.
Section - C

{M {M$ HO y$ {M$ *{$


*$$$ {$$$$. JMPMP {M$
G$ *$P$.
(2 x 8 = 16)
19. ^ r$ A* Z $$R
$ $y.
Section - B
20. CO BP *$ ^$$ H y$
$$ .HO $V$ $
II. {M {M$ HO B$ {M$ *{$
^$ >$y.
*$$$ {$$$$. JMPMP {M$
21. {$MV> _V y$ G *$
$V$ *$P$.
(6 x 4 = 24)
^$; HO $V$
11. M> $$ $y. $$MP
$ >$, E*
A$$ ^y.
V>$ $y.
12. {V $M$ E^y .
13. pH _^y.0.05M Ba(OH)2
G., Ma
f{ pH $ ?
{ l$ M,
14. E[M As H$s? G YM
$N
III.

T<ys+ 2 e] 2011

|C nqT+<+

S.I. of Police: GENERAL ENGLISH


(Continued...from Last week.)

7. A Rolling Stones Gathers No Mass


One who decides the goal of his life and
continues his efforts in one direction gains
success step by step. But some people are not
stable in their lives. They want to have wealth
or prominence in a short period of time. Reac
hing the threshold of success they skip to
something else. The goal is changed whatever was gained earlier is lost. Shifting from one
job to another, one aim to another, one party
to another they do not consolidate their position anywhere. With an humble investment a
Modi or a Dalma becomes an Indus trial giant
while a highly qualified technocrat may no
gain prominence if he often changes the cour
se of his life. A leader shifting from party to
party is lost in the wildness of politics. Selec
tion of a right job, perserverance and devotion
take a man to the summit. Shifting sands of
way ward ness are blown away by the strong
winds of tough competition.

in the interest of the rich. Indirect taxes are


increased at the cost of the poor. The rich gain
advantage not simply in framing the laws but
in their interpretations too. Even judiciary
cannot help the poor. The poor always lose a
suit for they can neither have a good advocate, nor can they bride those who can get the
things mended. The rich can afford all these
and get the things manipulated in their favour.
Thus laws grind the poor both ways.

9. Science is more a destroyed


than a Creator.

10. Knowledge is power


Even in the past it was not only physical
strength that gave power to a king or a nation.
It was the material skill, the knowledge of
new ammunitions given by scientific research
that gave supremacy to a nation over the
other. The knowledge of oil technology gave
power to the USA and England over all countries of the Middle East. It was the knowledge

Expansion

The rich is always an upper hand in the soc


iety. With the changing norms of morality and
idealism only the rich can afford to contest an
election. Thus most of the members of the legi
slatures i.e. the law making bodies are either
rich men or their representatives or stooges.
Naturally the laws are framed in the interest
of the rich. A rich finance minister would en
act laws giving relief in direct taxes which is

Science has nothing to do with creation. It


sustains life, it discovers the mysteries of nat
ure. It can sustain and prolong life through me
dical innovations. Its creation is limited to the
breeding process both of beneficent and malig
nant bacteria; life cells it has not been able to
create. But destroyed it is. It may be a destruction in favour of man or against him. But Scie
nce has established itself as the earth. Begin
ning, with fire at its early stage to destroy
forests and foes both men and animals, it has
developed its potentiality to bring about the
holo caust of the Hiroshima or a Nagasaki wit
hin moments. It can create, devils like nuclear
war-heads on missiles, chemical bombs and
computers to decide war strategy in spilt sec-

(V $$$...)

Shortcut :

8. Laws Grind the Poor and Rich


Men Rule the Laws ?

ond accuracy to annihilate life from this beautiful planet forever.

of the Gre eks that gave them supremacy over


Europe in the pre-Christian era.

11. Education should be for Life


not for Livelihood
To educate, according to webster's dictionary, means to advance the mental asethetic, ph
ysical or moral development. The subsidiary
meaning is to qualify by instruction for the
business and duties of life, to instruct, to train,
to rear. The accidents believed that education
means not only to know what a man doest not;
but to act as he should and does not. A Sans
krit scripture says that education is meant to
expand the horizons of knowledge. Thus the

Shortcut :

H y$ Q Y$$ $$ = B y$ x $$MP $$s n V$f$$ $$$$


*y & 5
Q ($$) x ()
[(x x n)(n+1)/2]
$*y$ Q 4:5:6 s > 20 = 25 x 5 = 75
C^r x = 5, n = 60
A$$ sZ Q$ M$V$$$? (RRB, $$ {$^y @
[(5x60)(60+1)/2]
APPSC)
= (300x61)/2
6) y$ Q $$ 28 s $ 12
Shortcut :
= 18300/2
A$$ B y$ Q Y$$ $$$
Cy Q 4:5:6
= 9150
M$V$$$?
Q AV> 6 V$$$
M$M 5 $$MP $$s 60 V$f$$ $$$$

*
y

&
7
> = >$ $$/>$ Q
9150 AV$$.
$$s 25 Q $$$$$ M$V$$$?
(4+5+6)/3 = 15/3 = 5
$$ {$^y @
M$M Cy Q > 5 AV$$.
5 --------> 20
6 --------> G? = (6/5) x 20 = 120/5 = 24
M$M Q $ 24M$ *$$ AV$$.
$$ {$^y @
5) $*y$ Q 7:8:9 s > 40
8) 10 $$MP $$s 50 V$f$$ $$$$$
(RRB, S.I)
A$$ sZ Q$ M$V$$$?
M$V$$$?
Shortcut :
*y & 6
*y & 9
$$s 'n' Q $$$$ n2 AV$$.
y$ Q $$ 25 s $ 5 A$$ C^r n = 25
JM Q$ 25^ W_ $$ 7 ^$a$. A
B y$ Q Y$$ $$$ M$V$$$? 252 = 625
f$ @ M> y$ Q$ a, b M$M $$s 25 Q $$$$ 625 Q$ 5^ W_ ^$a $$$ M$V$$$?
(SI, RRB, APPSC)
A$M$$$. (a>b)
AV$$.
Shortcut :
$$ {M>$$ (a+b) = 25, (a-b) = 5
$$ {$^y
2
2
y$ Q Y$$ $$ AV> a -b 7) $$s 30 Q $$$$$ M$V$$$? 5 A$ 25 $$MP M>M$$ M$M 7$
5^ W^V> ^$a $$ f$ AV$$.
M$V$$ A$$.
5) 7 (1

*
y

&
8
2
2
a -b = (a+b)(a-b) = 25x5 = 125
5
M$M B y$ Q Y$$ $$ 125 5$$MP $$s 60 V$f$$ $$$$$
&&&&&
2
M$V$$$?
AV$$.

d+U eed (Number System)

aim of education is to rear in a way that his


whole personality is so developed that he bec
omes useful both himself and the society. One
can earn even without education - Modi beca
me an industrial giant. An artisan learns the
ways of earning from his forefathers. It rather
than irony that those who think of education
as a source of livelihood remain unemployed?
and those who adopt he real source earn thousands per month from petty stalls.

12. Birds of a feather flock together


It is the common trait of people that bring
them together. Go to the Chambal Valley, you
find dacoits. To see the old men flocking toget
her in the morning in the parks, in the evening
of their lives, is a common sight. The good
would unite to bring relief to the poor while
the fundamentalists would come together to
deprive Muslim women of their right. They
would cross the party lines for they share the
male chauvinism in considering women to be
living at their mercy. Mafias would flock tog
ether in the ruling party while psychopants
would flock round the leader. It may look a bit
queer that the sense of flocking together is
more common among the
vice than among the
noble.

K.Venkata Ramana
Director K.V.R. Spoken English

Cell: 9959 310 234

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Civils (Prelims)Syllabus
Paper-1
Current events of national and international importance.
History of India and Indian National
Movement.
Indian and World Geography - Physical,
Social, Economic Geography of India
and the World.
Indian Polity and Governance -Constit
ution,Political System, Panchayati Raj,
Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inc
lusion,Demographics, Social Sector
initiatives, etc.
General issues on Environmental Ecolo
gy, Bio-diversity and Climate Change that do not require subject specialisation.
General Science.

Paper-11
Comprehension
Interpersonal skills including commun
cation skills;
Logical reasoning and analytical ability
Decision-making and problemsolving
General mental ability
Basic numeracy (numbers and their
relations, orders of magnitude, etc.)
(Class X level), Data interpretation
(charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency
etc. - Class X level)
English Language Comprehension
skills (Class X level).

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Junior Inter
Section - A
I.Answer all questions from the following.
1. Who invented the electron microscope
and what is its use?
2. Which aerial stem modification is concerned with vegitative propagation? Give
two examples?
3. Define leafmosaic type of Phyllotaxy?
Give example?
4. What are the modifications of bracts,
bracteols and perianth lobel in a compound spike?
5. The sequence of Nitrogen bases in one
strand of DNA is GCTATGCCATGC.
What is the sequence present on the opposite strand?
6. What is viviparous seed germination?
Give an example?
7. What is crossingover? what is its significance?
8. What is Tautonymy? Give an example?
9. Hydrophytes show reduced xylem why?
10. Define the terms phenotype and genotype?

Section - B
II. Answer any six questions

------------------------------------------------------Time: 3 Hours]
[Max.Marks : 100

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12. What is Adelphy? Explain different types
of adelphy of stamens?
13. Describe the structure and functions of the
cellorganelle that is concerned with protein synthesis?
14. Write the differences between Mitosis and
Meiosis.
15. Describe the essential organs of Malvaceae.
16. Which tissue secreets water? Explain its
structure with the help of a diagram.
17. Explain the classification of Xerophytes?

ECONOMICS - I

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Senior Inter

Alphones Jr. College


Karimnagar

thalophyte that is studied by you?

Section - A
I. Answer all the questions
1. Define Hetero thallism in which species of
Rhizopus it is seen?
2. How coralloidroot is useful for cycas plant?
3. What is a mesosome? mention the functions that is perform?
4. Define TON of an enzyme?
5. How is Azolla helpful as bio-fertilizer?
6. Differentiate between turgidcell and flac-

13. Write the differences between Lytic and

7.

Section - C
III.Answer any two questions
19. Describe different types of leaf modifications along with suitable example and diagrams
20. Explain various kinds of ovules with
examples
21. Describe the internal structure of Monocot
stem with a neat lablled diagram.

Dr. Ch.Srinivas, Lecturer

12. Explain the structure of prothallus of Pteris.

BOTANY MODEL PAPER


18. Why did Mendal selected pea plant for his
experiments?

Time : 3 hrs
[Max.Marks : 100
I. Answer any 3 of the following questions.
(3x10 = 30)
1. Explain the law of diminishing marginal
utility with the help of diagram. ?
2. Explain the law of variable proportions
and write its importance?
3. Define perfect competition. Explain how
price is determined under it?
4. What are the various methods to compute
national income?
5. Discuss various methods of debt redumption?
II. Answer any 8 of the following questions.
(8x5=40)
6. Write about Jacob Viner's definition of
economics?
7. Define macro economics.what is its
importance?
8. Why demand curve has a negative slope?
9. Explain point method to measure elasticity of demand.
10. What is the importance of elasticity of demand?
11. List out the Properties of Indifference curve?
12. What are the determinents of supply?
13. Explain the factors that determine real wages.
14. What are the sources of public revenue?
15. Supply creates its own demand explain?
16. What are the difficulties of the barter system?
17. Explain various types of inflation?
III. Answer any 15 of the following questions.
(15x2=30)
18. Intermediary goods 19. Price
20. Deductive method 21. Giffen's Paradox
22. ISO - Utility curve 23. Indifference map
24. Fixed Factors
25. Opportunity Cost
26. Diseconomics
27. Local market
28. Price diescrimination 29. Oligopoly
30. Contract rent
31. Net Interest
32. Disposable Income 33. Per Capita Income
34. Deficit Budget
35. Over drafts 36. Liquidity
37. Reserve Money

8.
9.
10.

cidcell.
What is meant by triple response growth?
which hormone causes it?
Define apoplast and symplast?
What is shepherds crook? Name the bacterium responsible for its formation?
Name the mushroom which emits light in
the dark write briefly about it?

Section - B
II.Answer any 6 questions.
11. Describe the cell structure of an autotrophic

Lysogenic Cycles?
15. Describe the mechanism of the opening
and closing the stomata.
16. Bringout the differences between C3 and
C4 plants.
17. Describe the aims and objectives of plant
breeding.
18. Explain any four physiological effects of
Auxins?

Section - C
III.Answer any two questions.
19. Explain the structure of Funaria capsule
by the help of a neat lablled diagram?
20 .Describe the respiratory pathway which
is common for both aerobic and anerobic
respirations.
21. Explain various steps
in recombinant DNA
technology.

M.RAGHAVENDRA
Sr. Lecturer in Botany
Cell: 9030700770

10

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T<ys+ 2 qe+s 2011

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T<ys+ 3 >d 2011


(6 i $$$.....)

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T<ys+ 3 >d 2011

|C nqT+<+


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|C nqT+<+

T<ys+ 3 >d 2011

a, an, the

ARTICLES

are called pointing words or


ARTICLES.
Look at the sentence : The boy kicked a
ball into an orchard.
Sometimes there is a describing word
between the pointing word and the naming word, like this : The little boy
kicked an old ball into a big orchard.

. The second thing we must note is that


we use an instead of a before a word
that begins with a vowel. There are five
vowels :
a, e , i , o , u
 In the first sentence we wrote : ..
into an orchard, because orchard
begins with the vowel O.
In the second sentence we wrote :
into a big orchard, because big
does not begin with a vowel.
We also wrote : an old ball,
because old begins with the vowel O.

. We use an instead of a before a word


beginning with a silent h.
an hour late, an honest man, an heir to
the throne, an honourable man.

. We use a instead of an before such vowels as have the sound of 'yoo'.


 An umbrella is a useful thing.
 A union of sweepers was formed.
 A European was killed in an accident.
 He is a university student.
 The metre is a unit of length.

(8 i $$$....)

34. n\sY +]+>


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E.{$ EZ A$M> $ $
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. When we refer to some particular person or thing, we use the instead of a or


an.
 I saw a boy riding on an ass.
 The boy was wearing a hat.
 The ass was white.
 Here the means the particular one we
are talking about, not the others.

 The is always used before :

names of rivers the Ganges, the Nile,


the Thames.

 names of oceans and seas the Indian


Ocean, the Arabian Sea, the Persian
Gulf, the Bay of Bengal.
 names of mountain-ranges the
Andamans, the Alps, the Himalayas.
names of holy books the Ramayana, the
Mahabharata, the Bible, the Quran.
names of newspapers the Tribune, the
Hindustan Times, the Times of India,
the Statesman.
 well-known single objects The earth
moves round the sun. The moon is
shining in the sky. All the world's a
stage.
names of races or nations the Hindus,
the Muslims, the Sikhs, the British, the
French.
 adjectives in the superlative degree
Honesty is the best policy.
first, second, third, tenth, etc. January
is the first month of the year.
. Countable vs. Non countable
A and an are used if the noun can be

counted.
1. I stepped in a puddle. (How many puddles did you step in? Just one.
Therefore, use a.)
2. I drank a glass of milk. (Glasses of milk
can be counted)
3. I saw an apple tree. (Apple trees can be
counted)
The must be used when the noun cannot be
counted.
1. I dived into the water. (How many
waters did you dive into? The question
doesn't make any sense because water is
non countable. Therefore, use the.)
2. I saw the milk spill. (How many milks?
Milk cannot be counted)
3. I admired the foliage. (How many
foliages? Foliage cannot be counted)

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5) an, an

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10

T<ys+ 4 yT 2011

|C nqT+<+

EAMCET
MATHS

CALCULUS
dt f(x) =
x-->0
a) 0
b) 1
c) -1
(n+2)!+(n+1)!
dt ____________
17. x-->
(n+2)!-(n+2)!
[x] = 0 then

cos(/2x)
dt
________
1) x-->1
=
1-x
a)

b) /2

c) /4

d) /8

sin(ex-2-1)

dt
2) If f(x) = ________ then
x-->1 f(x)
log(x-1)
given by
a) -2
3) If

b) 1

c) -1

d) 0

ax-xa
dt ________
= -1 then a =
x-->a
xx-aa

a) 1
4)

is

b) osinx-cosx
c) e
dt
________
x-->/4
x - /4

a) 1/2

b) 2

d) 2
=

c) 2

b) -1

c) e2

1-cos[2(2x-1)]
6) dt _____________
x-->1
x-1b) -2
a) 2
c) does not exists

b) 1

b) -1

d) none

c) 1

d) does not exist

b) (0, )
d) (-, 0)

10. Let f(x+y) = f(x).f(y) for all 'x' and 'y',


suppose that f(3) = 3 and f1(o) = 11 then f ' (3)
=
a)22
b) 44
c) 33
d) None

b) -1

c) 0

d)

dt
12. x--> (4n + 5n)1/n
a) 4

b) 5

a) 10
b) 100
c) 1000
d) 1
19. If f(x) = a[x+1] + b[x-1] where [x] is the
integral part of 'x' is continuous at x = 1 then,
a) a+b=0
b) a-b = 0
c) 2a-b = 0
d) a-2b = 0
20. If f(x) = 1-cos4x/x2 ; x<0, f(x) = a, x = 0
and f(x) = x/16+x - 4 ; x>0 is continuous at
x = 0 then f(0) =
a) 0
c) 8

b) 2
d) 4

b) /2
d)

a) 0
c) 1

n
2n
dt
22. n--> log [ 5]
n=1

c) 8

a) loge5
c) 0
x
23. If f(x) = 1
0
a) 0
c) 2

b) lege5
d) 2loge5
x2 x3
f(x)
dt ____
_
2x 3x2 then x-->0 x3 =
2 6x
b) 1
d) 3

dt
n
nk
n+1
24. n--> log n-1.logn .......log nk-1]
where K N is
a) 0
c) K

b) 1
d) 2k

dt
25. If n--> (1+/x + /x2)2x = e4 then
a) = = 1
c) =1, =2

x4sin(1/x) + x2
dt
______________
11. x-->
1+|x|3
a) 1

(x+1)10+(x+2)10+........+(x+100)10
dt
18. x--> ____________________________
x10+1010

c) does not exits d) none

9. The set of all points, where the function f(x)


= x/1|x| is differentiable is
a) (-, )
c) (-, 0)(0, )

d) 1/3

21. The value of f() so that f(x) = 1-cos (7(x) /(x-) is continuous at the point x = is

dt
8) x-->2 (-1)[x] : where [x] is greatest
Integer function
a) 1

c) -1/2

d) 1/2

7) Let f(x) = {1/x - 2/e2x -1 ; x 0


k
;x=0
if f(x) is continuous at x = 0 then k =
a) 0

b) 1/2

d) 0

dt
5) x-->0 {Tan(/4 + x)} 1/x =
a) 1

a) 1

d) does not exist

b) =2, =1
d) =1, = 0

[x]+[2x]+[3x]+.....+[nx] =
dt ____________________
x-->
n2
a) x/3
b) x/2
c) 2x
d) x
26.

d) 9

1-cos(x-1)
_________
1
4
9
dt
(x-1)2
_____
_____
_____
x3+2x2+x+1
_____ 27. dt ___________
=
13. x--> n3+1 + n3+1 + n3+1 +...........+ 3
x-->1
n +1
x2+2x+3
a) 0
b) 3
a) 1
b) 2/3
c) 1/3
d) 0
c) 5/6
d) 3/2
xn+1-2n+1
dt ________
14. If x-->2
= 192 and n N then
Answers :
x-2
n=
1) a 2) b 3) a 4) b 5) c 6) c 7) b 8) d 9) a
a) 4
b) 5
c) 3
d) 2
10) d 11) b 12) b 13) c 14) b 15) d 16) d
200
17) a 18) b 19) a 20) c 21) a
k
dt
x
15.
=
k=1
x-->1 _______
22) a 23) c 24) c 25) b 26) b
x-1
27) c
a) 5050 b) 21000 c) 2010 d) 20100

n2

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16) If f(x) = sin[x]/[x] at [x] 0 and f(x) = 0 at

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T<ys+ 4 yT 2011

TAXONOMY :
1. A System of classification, in which a
large number of traits are considered is
1) Artificial system 2) Synthetic system
3) Natural system
4) Phylogenetic system
2. Which one of the following families belo
ngs to Bicarpellatae under Gamop etalae in Bentham and Hookers system of
classification?
1) Cucurbitaceae
2) Asteraceae
3) Solanaceae
4) Liliaceae
3. The book in which, Linnacus proposed
binominal system of nomenclature
1) Species plantarum
2) Historia plantarum
3) Genera plantarum
4) Systema Nature
4. Assertion (A) : The system of classification proposed by Linnaeus was artificial
Reason (R) : Linnaeus considered the characters of androecium and gynocium only
1) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
2) Both A and R are true and R is not the
correct explanation of A
3) A is true and R is false
4) A is false and R is true
5. Find the incorrect statement with rega
rd to B & H system of classification
from the followying.
1) No.of cohorts in polypetalae is equal to
that of in Gamopetalae in Bentham &
Hooker's classification
2) No. of series in Dicotyledonae is double
to the no.of series in monocotyledonae
3) No.of cohorts in Disciflorae is equal to
the no.of cohorts in Bicarpellatae
4) The ratio of No. of polypetalae cohorts
and gamopetalae cohorts is 3:2
6. Arrange the following in ascending
order based on their number
A) Cohorts in gamopetalae with superior
ovary
B) Series in monochlamydeae
C) Cohorts in polypetalae with hypogynous flower
D) Series in gamopetalae
1) ABCD
2) BCDA
3) DABC
4) CDAB
7. Match the following lists:
List -I
A. Bentham & Hookers system of classification
B. Linnaeus system of classification
C. de Historia plantarum
D. Post Darwinian classification
List-II
I. Names of some Taxa indicate the nature
of Androecium
II. Cartain specific principles of classification
III. Popular in common wealth countries
IV. Hutchinson
V. Theophrastus
A
B
C
D
1.
I
II
III
IV
2.
II
III
IV
V

|C nqT+<+

3.
III
I
V
IV
4.
III
II
IV
I
8. Arrange the following Taxa in the correct order in hierachial sequence.
A) Series
B) Division C) Order D)
Natural order E) Class
1) ABCDE
2) EBACD
3) BECAD
4) BEACD
9. Find the correct scientific name according to ICBN
1) Solanum Tuberosum
2) solanum Tuberosum
3) solanum tuberosum
4) Solanum tuberosum
10. Assertion (A) : In Taxonomy, only floral
characters are useful in classification only
Reason (R): Floral characters are more stable than vegetative characters
1) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
2) Both A and R are true and R is not the
correct explanation of A
3) A is true and R is false
4) A is false and R is true
11. The floral formula EpiK0K(5)C5 A() G -()
depicts the flower of
1) Hibiscus
2) Dolichos
3) Abutilon
4) Allium
12. Sir Joseph Dolton Hooker is not associated with
I. Historia plantarum
II. BSI
III. Species plantarum
IV. Flora of British India
1) II & IV
2) I, III, V
3) II, IV, V
4) I & II
13. The family of Madras hemp is characterized by
1) Monoadelphous androecium with tetra
sporangiate anthers
2) Reniform anthers with introrse condition
3) Exstipulate, dorsiventral leaves
4) Union of inner non essential whorl with
outer whorl of essential organs
14. Study the following lists & Find the correct match
Find the correct match
Scientific name

Common name

Ratio of perinanth
leaves & stamens

A. Datura metal Thorn Apple

........ 2:1

B. Crotalaria Juncea Madras hemp

.........1:2

C. Colchicum
autumnale

.........2:1

Red Dragon

D. Gloriosa superba Nabhi

..........1:1

1) A & B
2) A & C
3) B & C
4) A & D
15. Study the following lists and identify
correct match
List - I
A. Solitary Terminal cyme
B. Extra axillary scorpioid cyme
C. Solitary axillary
D. Simple umbel with unisexual flowers
List - II
I. Gloriosa
II. Smilax
III. Gossypium
IV. Duranta

V. Solanum
A
B
C
D
1.
I
II
III
IV
2.
II
III
IV
V
3.
III
V
I
II
4.
III
II
IV
I
16. Find the set of plants, showing Bicollateral
vascular bundles in the stems
1) Belladona, Kamanchi, Spanish dagger
2) Petunia, Holly hock, Soyabean
3) Kamanchi, Petunia, Vaakudu
4) Day king, Squill, Holly hock
17. The Alkoids obtained from solanaceae
& liliaceae members respectively are..
1) Sarasaparilla, Capsine
2) Atropines Nicotine
3) Capsine & Atropine
4) Nicotine & Colchicine
18. Find the Correct statement with regard
to papilionaceous corolla
1) The anterior margins of Alae are over
lapped by standard petal
2) The posterior margins of keel petals are
completely outside

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11

3) The posterior margins of wing petals


are over lapped by standard petal
4) The anterior margins of carina petals
are not fused
19. Stamens are arranged in two whorls in
the flowers of
I. Malvaceae
II. Fabaceae
III. Solanaceae
IV. Liliaceae
1) I & II 2) II & III 3) III & IV 4) II & IV
20. Assertion (A): Cololla of Malvaceage is
gamopetalous
Reason (R) : Corolla of Malvaceae falls of
as a unit after fertilization
1) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
2) Both A and R are true and R is not the
correct explanation of A
3) A is true and R is false
Answers:1)2 2)3 3)1 4)1
5)1 6)3 7)3 8)4 9)4 10)4
11)4 12)3 13)2 14)4 15)4
16)3 17)3 18)4 19)3 20)4

M.Raghavendra
Lecturer

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A.Ravi Krishna, IPS
ASP, Chief Office, Hyderabad.

Email- gandhianpolicing@gmail.com

12

|C nqT+<+

T<ys+ 4 yT 2011

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|C nqT+<+

T<ys+ 4 yT 2011

S.I. of Police: GENERAL ENGLISH


(Continued from Last week)
Prefix
Meaning
over
more than usual

post

Example
overdose
overdrawn
overdue
overestimate
overpopulated
post-war
post-modern
post-pone
post-independence
premature
preview
prefix
preplanned
pre-school
pre-historic
pro-democracy
pro-indian
pro-government
reinstall
review
retold
reaction
restore
remake
rehabilitation
semi-final
semi-circle
semi-colon
semi-precious
subordinate
subcontinent
subcommittee

after

Pre

before

pro

in favour of /
supporting

re

again

semi

partly/half

sub

below/
less than

(V $$$...)

*y & 4
4)

A$$

A:B = 1:3, B:C = 5:7, C:D = 9:7


A:B:C:D $$ M$V$$$?
Shortcut :
3
1
B
A

7
7

A:B:C:D = 1 x 5 x 9 : 3x5x9 : 3x7x9 : 3x7x7


= 45 : 135 : 189 : 147
= 15 : 45 : 63 : 49

$$ {$^y @
4) A:B = 2:3, B:C = 4:5, C:D
A:B:C:D $$ M$V$$$?

= 6:7

A$$

*y & 5
10:11:12M$ Z$ M$V$$$?
Shortcut :

10
3

12

tele

un

VOCABULARY
unwanted
unable
unusual
under
below / little
underdeveloped
undergraduate
underestimate
vice
next in rank
vice-captain
vice-president
vice-chancellor
SUFFIXES : A suffix is a letter or group of letters added to
the end of a word, to change its meaning.
Suffix
Meaning
Suffixed words
-able
having the
comfortable
quality
readable
fashionable

f$ = 10x11 : 11x 12 : 12 x 10
= 110 : 132 : 120 = 55 : 66 : 60
s@ A$> O ^y Shortcut
{$f$$ V$$ > V$$^$MV$.
$$ {$^y @
5) 8 :9 :10 M$ Z$ M$V$$$?

*y & 6

-ible

-al

-an/-ian

-ant/-ent

-ar

-cide
-cy

11

changeable
capable
responsible
visible
eligible
concerning
internal
historical
political
nominal
person
American
connected
Indian
with a place / a
politician
profession / thing historian
grammarian
musician
Asian
European
something
participant
someone that
contestant
resident
incumbent
inhabitant
concerning
circular
something
triangular
singular
killing
pesticide
something
suicide
the quality accuracy
of being privacy
piracy

bureaucracy
aristocracy
K.Venkata Ramana
(to be contin- Director K.V.R. Spoken English
ued...)
Cell: 9959 310 234

V$$$
8 & 3 = 5
Q = (8/5) x 115 = 8 x 23 = 184
$$ {$^y @
7) y$ Q 4 : 11 $$$ s
147 A$$ sZ Q$ M$V$$$?

(Civils - 1993)
Shortcut : C_a $ $$s Q 1
V$$, y Q 5 V$$$
y$ Q >Y $$
= (52 - 12) x (320/5 x 1) = (25 - 1) x (320/5)

*y & 8

$$ {$^y @
9) y$ Q 360, s 5:3 A$$
By$ Q >Y $ $$$ M$V$$$?

y$ Q 5 : 8 s $$ 91 A$$ M **y y$ A, B $$$ C M$ 5:6:9


B Q$ M$V$$$. (Group - I, 1991)
Z $V> ^y$. AM$ 45 *$y
Shortcut :
y$ _ $$$$ *$y y$ G M#?

super

sub-editor
sub-division
subdue
more than
superhuman
normal /
superimpose
extremely
supercomputer
distant
telephone
television
telegram
tele printer
opposite / negative unfortunate
unnoticed
unidentified

w (RATIO)

= 24 x 64 = 1536

*y & 10
y$ Q M..V$ 180, s $ 3 : 4
A$$ sZ Q $$ M$V$$$?
Shortcut :

C_a Z Q AV> 4 V$$$


C_a Z 3, 4 M..V$ = 12
(S.I - 2007)
Q = (4/12) x 180 = 4 x 15 = 60
Shortcut : C_a Z A s 5 V$$$ $$ {$^y @
$$ V$$$ = 5 + 6 + 9 = 20
10) y$ Q M..V$ 160, s $
$$ *$y y$ = (20/5) x 45
4 : 5 A$$ sZ Q $$ M$V$$$?

C_a Z $$s Q 5 V$$$,


y Q 8 V$$$
$$ = 5 + 8 = 13
$$s Q = (5/13) x 91 = 5 x 7 = 35
= 4 x 45 = 180
y Q = (8/13) x 91 = 8 x 7 = 56
$$ {$^y @
$$ {$^y @
6) y$ Q 12 : 17 s $$ 87 8) M **y y$ A, B $$$ C M$ 6:9:
A$$ B Q$ M$V$$$.
11Z $V> ^y$. AM$ 24 *$y

y$ _ $$$$ *$y y$ G M#?


*y & 7
*y & 9
y$ Q 3 : 8 $$$ s 115 A$$
sZ Q$ M$V$$$? (S.I - 2007)
y$ Q 320, s 1:5 A$$ B
Shortcut : C_a Z Q AV> 8 y$ Q >Y $ $$$ M$V$$$?

$$ {$^y @ f$$
4) 16:24:30:35
5) 36:45:40
6) 36, 51 7) 231
8) 104 9) 256 10) 40

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@ 9885357654

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10

T<ys+ 6 @| 2011

|C nqT+<+

m+d{ e< eT+ es\ #+&..!


G$ $$ EAMCET Z >^s ""V '' ^ Planes
MM. CfV V>M _ {{Z $$ 160 Sr. Inter : Circles, System of circles, Parabola, Hyperbola,
{$ Es$$. { {M$ JM *$P Er$-. C$Z Polar Co-ordinates
Ws($O) *$P$ Ey#. 160 {Z 80 *$P$ V-M 5. Calculus (M V-):
$$$ hM, M$[tM$ JMP---M 40 *$P$s$$. $$ Jr.Inter: Limits and continuity, Differentation, Errors and
$$ 3 Vr$. C$Z JMsVr *M$ $W approximations, rate measure, tangents and Normals, Maxima
JMsVr hM, M$[tM$ E*W^$ M. $M$ E 80 and minima, Partial Differentiation.
{Z (VZ) $$$V> ^** *$ > M Sr.Inter: Successive Differentiation, Indefinite Integration,
Es$$. s V$_ $$$V> B ^$y. $W {M$ Definite Integration, Integral as a limit of summation, Areas,
M GM$P sO$ $M >$. { {M$ 50 M Numerical Integration, Differential Equations.
$M ^$VY $ ""f$''! Gs Z {$$Q { ^
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Theorem,
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$_ *$P$ (>M) --^$a.
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1. Algebra
(fV)
2. Trignometry
({M$)
3. Vector Algebra
( fV)
4. Coordinate Geometry
(*M RV)
5. Calculus
(M V)
6. Probability and Random
distribution

Expected Marks
Jr. Inter (7-6)
20 Marks
Sr. Inter (14-13)
Jr. Inter
13-14 Marks
Jr. Inter

5-6 Marks

Jr. Inter (7-8)


Sr. Inter(8-9)
Jr. Inter (9-11)
Sr. Inter(11-9)
Sr. Inter

16 Marks
20 Marks
5-6 Marks

(, $$$ f$, ^>$$)


1. Algebra (fV):
Jr.Inter : Surds, Logarithms, Mathematical Induction, Functions
Sr.Inter: Quadratic Expressions and Equations, Theory of
Equations, Matrices, Partial fractions, Exponential series and
Logarithemic series, permutations and combinations,
Binomial Theorem

2. Trigonometry ({M$):
Jr.Inter:Trigonometric ratios to transformations, Properties of
triangles, Heithts,and Distances, complex Numbers,Demoivers
Theorem. Inverse trigonometry, Trigonometic Equations, Perio
dcity and Extreme values.

3. Vector Algebra (- f-V--):


Jr. Inter: Vector addition, Scalar (dot) product of two vectors,
Vector(cross product of vectors)

4. Coordinate Geometry (*-M g$-):


Jr. Inter: 2-D : Co-ordinate system, Locus, Change of Axis,
Stratight lines, Pair of Straightlines.
3-D: Co-ordinate system, Direction and Direction cosines,

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|C nqT+<+

T<ys+ 6 @| 2011

S.I. of Police: GENERAL ENGLISH


Biography of earth
The top layer of the earth is "Earth's Cru
st". Thickness is 60kms from the surface. Its
specific gravity varies from 2.7 to 3.0. We can
find silica, alluminium, oxygen, magnesium
etc. in molten form (thick fluid state material).
The next layer of the earth is "mantle". Its
specific gravity varies from 3.0 to 5.5. Silica
and other material can be formed in this
region in molten form. The central and third
layer of the earth is "Earth's Core". Its thickness is form 2840 to 3500 km. Its specific
gravity varies from 12.0 to 15.0. We can find
nickel and iron in this region in molten form.
Recent investigation reveal that unscientific over-exploration of the ground water resour
ces are the causes for the earthquakes. It is est
imated that the temperature is high in earth's
interior, rocks in such regions occur in the
molten form. It is estimated that the radius of
the earth is 6440 kms. Seismologists can estimates it through indirect methods.
Little seismic waves. It is not possible to
measure directly. Temperature increases at the
rate of 10C for every 32 meters of descent.
Pressure also increases along with the

descent. Hence mud like material appear in


descent of the earth.

Solar energy
Sun emits energy continuously in the form
of light. Our earth receives it. It is called solar
radiation.The sun is a burning sphere of gases.
This solar energy is capable and responsible
for the occurence and sustenance of our life. It
consists of inorganic gases like Helium and

energy. Crests and through are occurring in


seas and oceans due to this solar energy.
Eclipses such as solar eclipse and lunar
eclipse will occur. The rays emitted by the
Sun are harmful to our eyes. Solar energy is
inexhaustible. Our scientists are struggling
hard to know about the ball of fire since we
are getting a tiny amount of energy from the
Sun. This tiny amount of Solar energy is most
essential form our life.

Essay writing
Argon.
In ancient days, the sun is a God to them.
Even now we worship the Sun for our health.
Our ancestors expressed that heat is a powerful substances. It was proved scientifically
now. This energy is being converted into electricity. We get salt from the oceans due to this
energy. Photosynthesis is being done by this
energy. Hot water is being supplied to all the
pilgrims at Tirupathi by solar energy.
Fire can be produced with the help of solar

ROLE OF STUDENT IN MODERN


SOCIETY
If a person wants to be civilized, he must
be educated. Education is an endless one.
Students should not study for mere government jobs. One must attain self satisfaction
and confidence. No government can provide
jobs to all due to the increase in population.
So one must study for ourself and not for
slave raised jobs. We need not depend upon

jobs for our livelyhood.


There are many welfare programmers
before us. We must become self-sufficient by
utilizing them. Vocational courses help a man
to become independent. The knowledge of
crafts, trade, technical skill, vocational training courses enlighten a man and eases the
problem of unemployment. These help us to
live independently. Satisfaction makes us
more confident and skillful persons.
Our Government is implementing many
welfare programmers. Some of them are
P.M.R.Y., C.M.E.Y., financial assistance etc.
By using them one canget self-sufficiency. If
the per-capital income increases, automatically that nation develops in all respects. All citizens must utilize these programmers, offered
by government. Now-a-days every educated
youth has a facility to start any kind of business of his interest. By
utilizing these programmers, unemployment can
also be eradicated.

K.Venkata Ramana
Director K.V.R. Spoken English

Cell: 9959 310 234

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@ 9885357654
V AM> E.

10

T<ys+ 6 E 2011

|C nqT+<+

APTET- 2011 HINDI MATERIAL

MODEL QUESTIONS

TET HINDI MATERIAL


( previous issues)
VISIT www.suryaa.com
Material
Prepared
by

Md.Munvar Ali, M.A,HPT


Hindi Pandit, KarimNagar

T<ys+ 6 E 2011

|C nqT+<+

11

Tenses

Tense As time A A.
EnglishZ 3 tenses E$$.
They are
1. Present tense
2. Past tense
3. Future tense
$ { tense $ 4 forms V> divide ^$^$a. As simple, continuous, perfect, $$$
perfect continuous M>st $$ 3 x4=12
forms of tenses E-$$.
They are as follows
1. Simple present
2. Simple past
3. Simple future
4. Present continuous
5. Past continuous
6. Future continuous
7. Present perfect
8. Past perfect
9. Future perfect
10. Present perfect continuous
11. Past perfect continuous
12. Future perfect continuous
1. Simple present

{ l A--r$V> fV $$ M>-{M*$ -y-M Simple present E-*-W.


A V> DM s -y-M M*y Simple
present E-*-W.
To denote/ regular/ daily/ routine every
day actions
to denote Habitual actions (A--r$)
to denote General truths (- -$)
to denote Universal truths (---$)
to denote morals ($-$)
to denote proverbs ($--$)
to denote axioms (M--$)
to denote running commentaries
to denote Head lines in the newspapers
to denote future planned actions
Structure- Sub+V1+obj
JM- sentece $ simple present Z {*-s-O
> structure Z >*.
I
we
You
V1
They
She
He
It
note-1- subject

V1+s/es

Z III person singular


Es {MP ^a verb M$ "s/es' add ^*.
Note-2- S, H, O, X A A->- A-$$
Verbs M$ "es' add ^*.
Note-3. s -Z JM M Simple presentZ
E A DM indicators $$-#V> V$^^$a.
Indications: hourly, daily, weekly, monthly,
quarterly, Half-yearly, yearly, annualy, seldom, often, rarely, punctually, casually, generally, occassionally, once a day, twice a month.
Every (hour, day, week, month, year, decade
time, morning, evening,, afternoon)
O indications M s V$^y.
Exercise on simple present
1. I................. (go) to college daily. (Ans-1)
1) go 2) goes 3) went 4) is going

2. Man often..............(make) mistakes.(Ans-2)


1) make 2) makes 3) will make 4) None
3. The sun.......... (rise) in the East (Ans-4)
1) is rising 2) will rise 3) rised 4) rises
4. The sun.........(set) in the West. (Ans-1)
1) sets 2) set 3) is setting 4) None
5. Children ..................(like) music. (Ans-1)
1) like 2) likes 3) liked 4) is liking
2. Simple Past
f-W $$-/N A$$ $$ -y-M
simple past E-*-W.
To denote completed actions
Structure- Sub+V2+obj
JM M> Simple past Z >*-s subject
MP V2. verb >*.
I
We
You
They
V2
She
He
It
tj Note- JM M simple past Z E ~-$$^y-M M Indications V$_ ^-^$a.
Indications - yesterday, day before yesterday,
ago, longlong ago, once opon a time, once
there was, in the past, In olden days, In those
days.
last (hour, day, week, month, year, decade,
time, morning, evening)
Exercise
1. I .................(see) Badrinadh movie yester
day.
(Ans-2)
1) see 2) saw 3) will see 4) None
2. We .........(visit) the charminor in 2009.
(Ans-1)
1) visited 2) visit 3) visits 4) visiting
3. The CM ............(leave) for Delhi last
Sunday.
(Ans-4)
1) leaves 2) left 3) is leaving 4) left
4. They.............(pay) the fee 4 days ago.
(Ans-4)
1) pay 2) pay paying 3) were paid 4) paid
5. Calcutta................. (be) the capital of India
till 1911. (Ans-2)
1) is 2) was 3) will be 4) is being
3. Simple Future tense.
--$Z f-V-Z$ $$ -y-M
simple future tense E-*-W-.
To denote the actions which will happen
in the future.
Structure- Sub+shall or wil +V1+obj
Note (1) Subject Z I, we shall A
$V subjects will A E-*-W^.
Indications-Tomorrow, day after tomorrow
Next ((hour, day, week, month, year, decade,
time, morning, evening, afternoon)
After (2 hours, 2 days, 2 weeks, 2 months)
Future (time, days, month, year, decade)
Exercise
1. I .................(talk) to you tomorrow. (Ans-1)
1) shall talk
2) am talking
3) talked
4) None
2. We .........(pay) the the next month. (Ans-2)
1) paid
2) are paying
3) will pay
4) were paid
3. I ............(be) in Rajahmundry in 2013.
(Ans-3)
1) am 2) was 3) shall be 4) None

4. They.............(announce) the results after 3


hours.
(Ans-1)
1) will announce
2) are announcing
3) announced
4) None
5. Kiran................. (meet) Sonia Gandhi on
the 10th July.
(Ans-2)
1) met 2) will meet 3) is meeting 4) None.
4. Present Continuous
{$ f$-V$-$ $$ -y-M Present
Continuous tense E-*-W.
To denote the actions which are going on
at present.
Structure- Sub+am / is / are +(V1+ing)+ obj.

JM M ^-$ M$ ^$>a$$. $* ^-y. JM b{ |\


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y$ JM Vr $- $-sM _a ^*,
B My$M$ JM M$ M>$ $ H X* M-y$ rt-> M JMP- AMPy E M{
My$M$ ^ $ V> My-y$. JMP- M
^$$ y$-$. B$--{Z yMt$ "^ >$
NV> _s *$$' A ^#-y$. {y $
^ r$t-M B _ "yy V> E' Asy$
{y MZ M$ $-sM $$. CsM y$. D y$ M>$ V> s My$M$P
C Mt$ A$-Msy$. M r- M>$
*r$ M> y {^y$. Ay$
i-Z $ M M$ Z-#-y$. M$
My$M$ X X$ ^$-#y$. A "yy I-$$'

I -------- am
She, He , It, Devi ................ is
We, You, They (Any plural) .......... are
Indications- now, at present, right now, at this
time, at this movement, Don't+V1, see!, look!
observe!
$ rt-> M Cs O A$ O $y
Exercise
*M B ^$-Msy$.
1. I .................(write) my story now. (Ans-1)
M ---M _. $$QV> s -1) am writing
2) is writing
M$ A$-$, f-* CM> -
3) will write
4) None
$ _ -*-M M-M Z$ A-M>
2. We .........(talk) to me at present. (Ans-2)
E. $V> -->-$V> {$-y$, Cs
1) will talk
2) is talking
M> H ^y... A CsZ G- JMP *r
3) was talking
4) None
As ..... r M $-sM $.. $
3. Don't disturb she ............(sleep). (Ans-1)
RV> Er$- Ar* Hya Vy $$--#1) is sleeping
2) was sleeping $. -$$ A* JMP $ V$$ r$t3) slept
4) will sleep
M- G ^-$$ A M>$ f-$
4. look! something.............(go) there.(Ans-2) A { f$ M$
1) was going 2) is going 3) go 4) goes
s^. M-M Z$$
5. observe! something................. (go) on
$ M ^$-M-M$-y$.
there. (Ans-2)
A M A$-#Z
1) was going 2) is going 3) go 4) goes.
E^$M-.
5. Past continuous
BM -M~, IPS,
VZ f$-V$* Ey $$ -y-M
Past Continuous E-*-W.
Ay-- G, MV*y
To denote the actions which were going Email- gandhianpolicing@gmail.com
on in the past.
D O $ A{* $,
$ O $ $$
Structure- Sub+was / were +(V1+ing)+ obj.
A{yM$ ^$a.
I
She
He
Was
It
Rama
A{WMa M$$
We
B^ Gh V> A{WMa $*s, }
You
Ms r $*s, H tMa
Were
They
$*s V$ M$Z {M {Mr y$
anyplural
^.
VZ f$-V$* &past continuous
M$$ : G, GG, G (A{WMa),
VZ fW & simple past
sM (#yO), G (M$$ A{WMa Ay
Note- past continuousZ indications V> when h $g$s), G tMa B
while, as s $ $$.
$$ : y 31 sM 17 $y 22 H$y.
Exercise
G/GsM$ 3 H$ y# E.
1. When the bell rang, mother ........... (cook) A : hM O, *hM O
food.
(Ans-2)
Cry$s E$~$ M>.
1) is cooking
2) was cooking R$ M Vy$# : kO 20, 2011
3) cooks
4) None
>M$ www.angrau.net Os ^*yy.
2. When I woke up last night it, .........(talk)
GWjM*s i {{V>$ C $g$s
(rain).
(Ans-3)
Cy$ Ctr*s B $g$s, V$*$
1) is raining 2) rained 3) was raining 4) None
GWjM*s t {V>y$$s {{V>$ C $g$s
3. When I went to the
Z {M$ R$$ B.
class yesterday, the stu:50 *$P HO {V>y$$
dents ............(squarrel).
r$ 7 $y 15 H A$ Ey.
(Ans-were quarrelling) -

|+....

K.Venkata Ramana
Director K.V.R. Spoken English

Cell: 9959 310 234

BO h[t { : kO 10, 2011


BO h[t Vy$# : t 30, 2011
>M$ www.iimb.ernet.in/postgraduate/eggp
Os ^*yy.

12

|C nqT+<+

T<ys+ 6 E 2011
Mr r M* {$ Z V>
17.2 *Ps $V , 43
$O{M*M y$, $*y$Z
^$$.
$V$ k r $ *hy
{ g M * ^$M$$.

pH 27

pH 28

pH 26

12 A>j$
AM>y$ A$z {
sZsZZ $V> fW.
Z V, $O$ Dg R$ Hy$, --$V$
A$z$ V$aM$$$.
 E$ r$y$ : *R R ($O $ Dg
R)
 s : A$P (y g )
 M$y$ : M gZ
 _{ : V
 X M$y$ : h h, ys
 i #P : B Z
 E$ $ r$y$: A$j >$
 s & {` $
y$ {y t$ r $*$
{V>y { $ sOs$ V$aM$$.
Cy* yr OZ ^OM$ ^
$$ V M$ ^ O O
f$ _.
z $*s, {^ BV
$$MV> _ Z {^
V> 35 Mr $$$
{V$$ **$. D
{V$$ AMV> , ^OZ
13.8 Mr$ E$.
2011 HyM z #y{g gV> $ *i
A$$ AVM$$ M*, {h *i A
$y$ *$$g C* * y $$
MV> GM*$. 1987 $$
{V Z>V M $$s {g
G.G. $M$ MP.

pH 27

BM ${ { $$Qj
y$ k rMO A$M>
^$M$.
y
A$M>&C y* GM$M Ay O$
t $Z B$ Ys$.
C$ O M f O B$
^a$.
JM s&20 *^Z y$ ^$ ^
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Vt OM$ ^ J{* (52 $Z
119), $ * (54 $Z 102) gZy
H MsMO 15.3 KZ 112 $V$
AM V* M$.
{Vs r$ P Cy$ M gZ
V*V$ Cy*, Cs sM>i, $M $O {s
ys.M M$ $*y$ $ ^$$.
D gZ M$ ^ Gs 19, ss
38, G M-$ 31 >M$Z E$$.
{$$Q * $ HJG Ms
y$ ^ C-O B* M A$$
gZ GsM$ ^r$MP.
* A$y$ VyO A>j$
$ At s g ^.
IG$G * GyV> {
BM ${ {Mt V>z
GM*$.
D M
GMO $ B$.

$Z E B, $
(GGK) * yOMt
fV> {hM$ ^ gZ
{V>h* y GM*$. 180 $
$$ KsVZ Y D GMZ
$$M$ ^ $V Hg *>sO 92
Kr$ _ f$ ^$. IM>f
$ Z AM M yjs D M
E.
A*Z fW H* l$ PZ
M$ ^ AM AM* M>VM$
^ s V sVO f$ ^$.
O M$ $$V> so $ *W^$M^a y
$*s $ {Ms
^$. O $M$ y$ r$
so $ *V V
V$ $$$$.
B[t*Z ^$ 10 $
$ $M$ Mt* P
$l$ ^$ B M> r
{Ms^$. ^y ^$ 10 $M
42.41 P A$.

pH 29

{-$$Q af V*V$, V*V$ $


* sP$ BP_.
}M yV K f$*
sOs {Ms^y$.

pH 30

{^Z A y-O {
yj$ ^OZ {^$. hgo
AR-O _- 36.4 M.$. y-O- D
MV>z, $V>z- {-$ M$-#-$.

E 1

A^ M$Z A*V>$ G$Pr$


Cr *r y *i A
y$M [tRM$ **P M$t $$
M$y V $y $$M
M_.
^O M$*$t t 90 M y$M$
hVZ $V> ^$.
2007&09 $ M>Z y BV
{*f MZ VV> st#
^#$ ^ V>M$ ^ $
A$M O$y$ >MM$ *. 27 Mr
f*$ _.
{r ^ ^rt A$ZM _a.
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^ {r M$ D ^rt ZM
$$.

E 2

^M {My-M>- {s MsZ
M$ ^ $* --$
Ky_ --V> $-z
$ W gV> -^$.

pH 26

2010-&11Z $$O
*Ps 15 ^
33,171 MrM$ ^. 12,929

*h-y *Z
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P$ $l$ ^$
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t yt$sZ A$$ _
M { ^ $$* #P>$
M{, Is sM$*M ${ M ,
V$$ M>$ *Z { ^$.
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t A$z MP^$M$.
5 IG$ H{ 1 $y ^$r$
^O _>$$ A$ {Ms^$.
Cy$ Ctr*s B *$ s
$sM$ *. 50 Mr > B ^O
M {Ms^$.
{Z >$V> E 1974 ^
IGG AM> f $$ *
V M>V> $$$*$. {$
V M> $>M$* A$M> >$
V> $$$*$.

E 2

Q M>--V> ^$
{ M$* * {r h M$--V> HM-{X-V> GM-*$.
M{ -*i ${ I ^$->- ${
A--V *y-Z M$$*-$.1925Z
>Z $$- hZ
{V>$Z f_ B$ $$O-sy -$
Q-${V> -$ -^$.
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^{- -Z 11 $ -$
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C->-V> - K $*-s (C-V) *_ *s
*M r$ D& V (B--H-s-D-)
-$ M{ y$z, ,
g$ --$ Q ${
gZ {-^$. D > -$$
B-O-Z ty $s--$ --^$a.

pH 28

Cy$ B EV$ R (
AMs) M$ CyCy M J
^$M$.
{$$Q t $g$s {
$g$s {V* (G$h) {y A
yV> HMOM MV JM ~ M
g A { GM*$.
^O X AM>y$ A$V> M* Ay
G$y G. $$ #@$$$*$.

}M>M$ hZ y$, MVr,


Q hZ $$r, a$ V
Z >#Z * $t$
^$r$ M Q ${ M$syz Mr yz
{Ms^$.
B {* > M M$r$
$ Q M$ }M Z 5 V$$
$ M$s H>r$ ^$.
s $f* $Z A$ *^
, M>> M O>Z
{$ *Q (II)M$ ^ h
r, C{g$ {$, f, M>M $
{ Q $ AV> J fW.

pH 29

pH 30

pH 28

r Cr A$V>
{$$Q $
M j $$$*$.
l 30, 2012 M$ B$ D Z
MV$$. Cs M$ D Z C$
$$$ *{$ E$. *
* { V> M ^ B$
{Ms^$.
M M^V> B[t*M$ ^ $OM*
gMs $$$*$. 5 H r$
B$ D Z MV$$.
{ QM$ V$ E (G) f V$
a$ {#Z M Wf {V>$Z
M{ {V>$ Q M> M
{^$. 14 H > G f$
V$$.
$ _{r *.5/& $
y$ ^$$r$ f M {Ms_.
2011 G$y A {VM *$M A
$V> 35 MZ$r G$Z
h*{M
E{V MV>
{*_.
a$V>Z {y $*sM$
Z, Z V>Z A>j$ $$
V$#
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$ $r {V*$
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{V A$ $V> $.
g M yOMt G$.. rM$
{r M G$yV> M{ {$
$$_.

HG *i ^O M{s
$yz $*$ M
M$ $V> $ M
^$. B$ 1999 $y 2004 M$
gGs$$ V>, 2011 M$ HG
^OV> $ ^$.
> * yhV> A># Z
yz $ M^$.

E 1

s $` >Z 40 $O{M> Z# tM
M$ ^$.
* M{V> ^$ Ctr*s B
GM$M ty >M ^ {$M
Mt {gMt $sy Gy G. ${M$
EV A$z {Ms_. M
**, A $, G. $$*
># $$O M D A$z _.

E 2

k -r $
>- { s O>--M$ ^$-M$-$.
2010 Hy-M V>$ O->- - A$z
{ f-W. {$$Q r$y$ _i,
s f$-$-M$ i #-P->
{ ^-$. A$ A$j-, A$P E$ s-r$-$-V>, E$ X -M$V> HB *- E$ V>$ X *$ (-$V$),
$ (M--y) E$ V>$-M$V> M>$,
E$ * r$yV> > A-$z$ A$-M$-$.

T<ys+ 6 E 2011

|C nqT+<+

{V* II, y.G-. g.G s A s -M$ f- ty M-M-$ $ . C$Z Cy$- t Ay Ma JM


{ V. D V $_ 25 $y 30
M$ Aj-Mt {$ $-$$. D $ D
{$ Mv-V> Er$--$$.
1. D {M Z G$ * V--M {-M> MW E$?
1. g.. k
2. $ gZ
3. .G. -
4. M $$$
2. $V -Z *-- G $ {-^$?
1. 37 2. 73 3. 74 4. 3
3. D{M {-Z N# (Pre
Harappam) { H ?
1. M-$ $-$ 2.
3. Z
4. $ fV
4. Ct, $t, , V A $V B$$-
A>$ $-V> V$^y?
1. , $, M^, s-
2. , $, M^, A$$
3. , $, M^, Vyz
4. , V, M^, Vyz-
5. B$ B{-g-R As H$s?
1. > Vyz$ -M>$$ 2. M^$ M$$
-M>$$.
3. *y V$ M$y$ -M>$$. 4.
V$ M$y$ -M>$$.
6. H > -$-M gq-$ A$$?
1. M>M$
2. $Y
3. ^{- V
4. ^{ M
7. * i- $V$ B{-*-$V> -h_?
1. $gq--$Py$ 2. $$#
3. -$y$
4. --ky$
8. -^$V> $${$$-O B$$ ^
V H?
1. -
2. M>
3. M- --
4. Vf- -
9. Z B P- *-$V>
y$-$ {f$ G$?
1. -y$
2. ^^$$
3. -$
4. Vy$$
10. y$ Gy, JM V M y- M>
_ { H ?
1. g
2. *
3.
4. yO*-
11. B$ M> s "P' $Z C
GM$P-V> f?
1. P JM $${M 2. P JM
3. P JM V>$ B A$$
V> M*y ^-$ A$$.
4. P M JM B- *{$.
12. B$ M$r$ i -$Z C f
M>$?
1. B$- $M M$r$.
2. {y $- My$M$ M$r$ A-
A$ y$ M>$.
3. {y $- M$r$ A-
A$ M>$.
4. Bfq-$ s^ My$-M$-$
{y$$ M$ M_ ->-$-$$.
13. * P- --M V M>--Z
"' JMs M>V> As H$s?
1. A-M-rt
2. $$
3.
4. C{$y$
14. "B -- *' C H $-M ^
{-$ {V?

1. O
2. O~
3. OM
4. o
15. {` ^-{Z $-^$V> M-^
"rtM' G$?
1. gO- 2. V--
3. -*
4. $-*- -
16. $ M>Z $M$ M-y $$Q-$O {XM$
Cf-$ G$?
1. yO*-M
2. y${s$
3. $
4. -*-M-
17. AZM$- ---Z {- - 1837Z
$$s V> ^-- g$ { M>V> AZ-M$y -Z Qx V> ^--
G$?
1. Mt MsZt-
2. Mt {
3. Mt {
4. Mt $
18. AZ-M$-yM ^ -- "fV >$-'Z _ -M. M>V> "fV'
GMP-y$-?
1. M
2. B{-{-
3. $--y$
4. M>~-rM
19. D {M Z VftM>-Z E o
>-$ H?
1. ->$ 2. B>-*$ 3. ^O{$ 4. *$
20. o-$--M ^ *-O gM M$ ^MPy E$$. C 500 M$ E$$. sZ
-$ o-*--Z GM$P-V> ^MP-y E
gM M H?
1. $ gM M
2. #- Mrty gM M
3. ^M gM M 4. --f gM M
21. $Y$M$ $ $-^ *-M $
^MP-y E - H?
1. $- # 2. -$
3. MO -$ 4. --->-$
22. ^$-M$ ^ H By--y$^$ W ^$-M$-M$
V> My--$$?
1. A$V> 2. M$
3. $$
4. - $-
23. {M.. 712Z A-$ *- y*{ f$V$-$ $-* M> -M$y$ G$?
1.
2.
3. $Z-
4. $Z-
24. H Q M>Z A--$- Os ^-{
M B-V> _^--y-$$?
1. Q
2. K-$
3.
4. $ A--
25. g-M V$-, A E Sj $-M$ M> H?
1. y-*-{$ 2. ^MPs *Ps -$$
3. A M 4. 1 $$$ 2
26. -V-$- _ $ G$?
1. A E Sj 2. $-$ $VM
3. g $VM 4. --* M>$
27. _* h V$r $-Z V$y-$Z
Z A-{-` -V E D -
V A^$a $ V> Er$. M>V> M$$ D --* H$ $-$ ?
1. V- $ B$
2. $ >$-->-$
3. gZV$ $- B$
4. MO O-$
28. V,V A $ M _-?
1. -V>$
2. OM -V>$
3. $$
4. $
29. $ r $ - M{
Z H>r$ ^- G-$?
1. $--$ $VM 2. g $VM

3. AE Sj
4. M Zy
30. H $ *-Z * -$Z
V> , A$--M, M y$?
1.
2. C r$s-$
3. $-$ $VM 4. W*-k- $VM
31. M JM ?
1. $f- O-M$y$
2. $f- * ${
3. *> * ${
4. $f- * V*^
32. {^- M>a--y$ f-g z
A $$ -- G-$?
1. -$-
2. A E
3. Q${*
4. A E $
33. $-$$V ^-{Z "M' $$
G-- $ f-W?
1. ^$$, M ^$-M$$
2. -#$, y$$
3. *-#$, -#$
4. -#$, y$$
34. $$V ^{M- AM N ?
1. f-$- $-$ AM
2. {$- $-$ AM-
3. $$$$-$- $-$ AM-
4. *$- $-$ AM-
35. H $$V ^{M- M>Z V$
_a ?
1. fX
2. LV g$
3. f-
4. *R $
36. M- >g M *, A >g
$, gO >g > >$, *> >g
E-$-V, $V> N >g > AP-,
-Z >gA$j >$. Z G$ $$V$- O-M -$ H-$a-M$?
1. *> >g E$V
2. A >g -$
3. Z >g A$j>$
4. M- >g M$
37. AM G Mt-y M$ M, _ -N
{M A$$ A y >f- rt--
V> h^y$. G$M?
1. -> y-$s ->-
2. $M$-
3. s M My
4. y V
38. "$-C-M$' AM D^M$ _-?
1. $$
2. &C&C
3. * - 4. V*^ -
39. f- _ g$M$ ^ * E A C. M>V> C$ Cy-*Z
H $ ^-$ A$$-y$?
1. >-$
2. >$-
3. Y
4. M$
40. "$$' D H $y #st?
1. *
2. E*
3. A-M
4.
41. $*y r$t $$ M>s (1761) $> G$?
1. y i->#
2. >-$-->#
3. i i->#
4. i->#
42. "$yM^$$' C H $*--$-M$ -$$$ st $?
1. y^ M
2. $a-X$ M
3. yP M 4. {^ M
43. ZM {-_ a-$-M$ VstV>
$-_a V$f->Z M -M$$ G$?
1. -{$
2. -*$
3. *$
4. 1 $$$ 2

44. ^$-y-M _a y
Dty* M {$ -* $
{M$V> E^y?
1. 1608Z Mt g$ M *Z W
$$s g$ E- fX-$ M$-$M $*y$ $ A BZ Ey$.
M> -g-M fX A$-$ C-$.
C$M$ M> $a-X$ BrM.
2. $a-X$ BrM> A-V-$^-y--M
-{$ y, Mt t$ *Z
1612Z $a-X-$-$ Ky^$.
3. 1613Z fX CX *Z
Mt-M A$-$ C^a-y$-.
4. 1615Z $$s g$ >$--V>
$ fX B- _ 1618
-M$-y$. M> fX f
^$-M-M *y$. A$$ *-,
A---V, {Z^, A{V>-Z CX Mt-M$ *{ A$$^ay$.
1. 2,1,3,4
2. 1,2,3,4
3. 3,2,1,4
4. 4,2,3,1
45. Z $$rt-$$-s {^ V- ?
1. $
2. { y Ay
3. { *t 4. y*
46. $*Z CV>y M, {^ M $
f-W GM&&^ - , Cy-*Z
$$W-- $$ H?
1. $$s $O* $$
2. y M>~-rM $$
3. $$s M>~-rM $$
4. $*y M>~-rM $$
47. 1792Z f$--#-y X-V- (A-t--$)
$$$ $$# > $$--- BVZM
j* ^-?
1. b P 2. -$ gZ
3. *M $$
4. g$ -{-
48. M M>Z M~-O {M> g $Z C f?
1. {M> -g B-M-rt {---$ $
M 1839Z {#_a.
2. 1845Z B-Mrt > ---M$ Mt--M $-$^$.
3. Bz M>r *^- $M$ Mt M BMrt * -M *$ ^y$. A
1852 Z Mt K ----Z M~--O BMrt > {-$O.
4. O
49. { *-f# A-M>-M {M H?
1. {Z
2. $Z
3.
4. M>--
50. $ V> i {Mt a-?
1. .B-.-
2. $ ^{Z
3. f {$
4. * >g{ {
f-$$ :
1.4, 2.2, 3.1, 4.2, 5.3, 6.2, 7.2, 8.3, 9.1,
10.4, 11.3, 12.2, 13.1, 14.4, 15.2, 16.3,
17.2, 18.4, 19.3, 2-0.3, 21.1, 22.2, 23.2
,24.4, 25.4, 26.2, 27.2, 28.4, 29.2, 30.4,
31.2, 32.4, 33.1, 34.2, 35.1, 36.3, 37.3,
38.2, 39.1, 40.3, 41.3,
42.2, 43.4, 44.2 ,45.3,
46.3, 47.2, 48.4, 49.2, 50.1

mdt.m+.s|, &ssY
&y +> d+sY, V<su<, >+s
Cell: 9866414200

|C nqT+<+

T<ys+ 6 E 2011

APPSC
Group-I ,II

\
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mq$T

(V $$$........)
 $$ $$MP * g-*- * -* M A-M$$ JM- ... (2008 {V* &2)
1. GV$-$-$-$ $_ V$-$-$-$--^
2. $
3. V$-$-$-$ $_ GV$-$-$-$-^
4. M B$ --MV> E^
(f-$ & 4)
 * $ E- M (h-y-) {$
V $-M*a s $*$.....
(2008 {V* &2)
1. 71% $_
2. 50% $_
3. 25%
4. 30%
(f-$ & 2)

B{-{- - B$ :


1956 Z B{-{- * > B$ 584


Mr$ > f 3.36 Mr$
 > - B$ = 174 *
 - B$ = 236 *
 1956 Z -- B-$ a-^* B{{- - B$ M$P.
-
{$
-Z
--Z
(2004&05)
2008&09
45,007 34,716
2009&10
51,025 36,345
2010&11
60,224 39.240
20&
M- > -*- GM$P-V> E >$
(M-r-Z-)
>
- -
2008&09 20&
1. $->
5,96,542
2. E {
3,262
3. B{ {
4,016
4. a$ V> 5,623
5. $---y$
8,580
M- > -*- M$P-V> E >$
(M-r-Z-)
>
- -
2008&09 20&
1. MP
2,234
2. $gZ->
3,262
3. A$--^ {- 4,016
4. $-N-
5,623
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|C nqT+<+

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Email : pragna@suryaa.com

|C nqT+<+

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10

|C nqT+<+

T<ys+ 7 &d+s 2011

TET/DSC (HINDI) EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

ANSWERS
1-4

6-4

11-2

16-4

21-1

2-1

7-1

12-2

17-4

22-4

3-1

8-3

13-2

18-4

23-4

4-2

9-4

14-4

19-4

24-1

5-3

10-4

15-1

20-3

25-4

26-4

31-3

36-4

41-2

46-2

27-2

32-1

37-2

42-2

47-4

28-2

33-3

38-1

43-4

48-2

29-4

34-1

39-4

44-2

49-2

30-1

35-3

40-2

45-4

50-3

Material Prepared by
Md.Munvar Ali, Advisor
Vignan Hindi Vidyalay
KarimNagar, 9441020597

T<ys+ 7 &d+s 2011

|C nqT+<+




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9. d
10. d
= 56/4
Options : a) 1
b)2
c) 3 d) 4
y$

= 14

$$ {$-^y :
6, 4, 18, x Z A$---$$Z Es x $-$
M$-V-$$$?

(8 i $$$.....)
 Cr$

V->-Z ^, * >-$ V
$ {-M$ --$y-r _$-$
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 Ay-# ~ WY---y hM$, $
Q WY---y B M _$-$ f-Z-M _a $$-$-O y ^
^$-$$.

M{ Ar-Q *Y---M>$
_$ #$-O y$$ -W--$ {M$Z
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$*a--* ^$M$ {yV Cy ^$-M*-y B-_.
_$ E {Z f GM$P $*V-M$y

Shortcut :
Options B-$$V> f$ ""C''
M-V> 7+3 = 10, 11+3 = 4
10 : 14 = 5 : 7

AV$$ G$-

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- ^$-y-M Ay-#Z E W-f-$-M$ $_
{-M -M>- Ay-# $y
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 Ay-# ---Z $ V--$$
A-y$ M>M$y Ay-#$ {M-$V> Es M>Z >$ y--$ A-M -$-g-*.
 $$ $ {Z _$ V> C -{$$ V> Mr y r-y > V>,
M{- V> V>$---^-My, $--rtMy. B -{ { $ $M$ A-M>$$ ^$-^$a. $ Mr y ArQ sZ

Shortcut :
25 1 .$
1250 G?

K.Venkata Swamy, Faculty

= (1250/25) x 1
= 50 .$

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Sanjays Mind-Q IAS Study Circle,


Hyderabad, Cell : 9885357654

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10

|C nqT+<+

T<ys+ 8 pH 2011

L P C E T ( H I N D I ) M O D E L PA P E R - 2 0 11

Model Paper
Prepared by
Md.Munvar Ali, M.A,HPT
Hindi Pandit,
KarimNagar

T<ys+ 8 pH 2011

|C nqT+<+

11

6
( V $$$....)
Adjective ()

A word which
describe the subject of a sentence is called an
adjective. JM MZ M (Noun or Pronoun)
$ ~^ adjective As$.

M M>$ V$^y :&


Radhika is a beautiful girl.
:& O sentence Z >M Gr$s
A*$$ As beautiful girl A *
$. M>st beautiful A >M$
~$$ B adjective As$.
Eg. Small, big, tall, long, large, good, bad
etc.
{ adjective M 3 *$s$$. M>st H
word C_a A$$ adjective V> V^.
large - larger - largest
small - smaller - smallest
long - longer - longest
good - better -best
Note :Number M _ A
$ adjectives A#$$.
Eg. one, two, three, four etc.
first, second, third, etc
all, no, many, any, some, few, each, either,
every
Underline adjectives for the followint lines
1. Mumaithkhan is a good dancer
2. She is the best girl of the class
3. Murali is a tall student
4. It is a dark room
5. I need 4 pens
6. Conjunction (

$$^a$$$) :
Junction y$ M AMs GM$P $
M "' A A.
Conjunction As y$ AMs GM$P
$ MM E*W^$ "' A A.
Conjunction is a word which combines or
joins two or more sentences together

D M M>$ V$^y
>M JM A$O M, M> JM A$O
M
Radika is a beautiful girl, Kaveri is a beautiful girl
O y$ sentences M and $ E*W_

D V> {$^$a.
Radika and Kaveri are beautiful girls.
Note : 'and' A E*W_ O y$ M>$
JMsV> {$VY$$ M># and $ conjunction

A As.
Eg. and, or, but, though, Although, Eventho
ugh, If,Unless, Not only... but also, either....
or, Neither....nor, as soonas, as long as, since,
As, if
Underline the conjunctions for the following sentences
1. Prasad worked hard but he failed.
2. If sachin plays cricket, India will win
3.Though he is poor, he is honest
4. She will not give you material unless you
pay the fee.
5. He drinks neither coffee nor tea.
7. Preposition (M) : pre As $$$
position As preposition As $$$
A A. JM noun or pronoun M$ $$$
_a A $M noun M$ M adjectiveM$ verb

M$ $$.
D {M M>$ V$^y :

The book is on the table


($)
The book is under the table (M)
The book beside the table ({MP)
The book is infront of the table ($$$ )
O sentence Z book M$ $$$ table M$
$ V relationship $ on, under, beside and
infront of A $ $$$$.
Eg: between, Among, besides, since, for ,
with, by, in into, on, upon, onto, above, over,
about, around, along, against, accross,
beneath, of, off
Underline the prepositions for the followint sentences.
1. I am proud of my father
2. Pawan never sits between Nandhini and
Renu
3. There is a union among villages
4. Ashok jumped into the river
5. Mary knows English besides telugu
Interjection (Ba>M$$) :

Ba> M $@R M M
^> $g $ Interjection As$.
[ A word which tells a sudden feeling of wonder or sorrow or joy or emotion is called an
Interjection]

D M M>$ V$^y.
Alas ! She is dead
O Sentence Z Alas A A* A ^
M ^$ M># Alas A
Interjection As$.
Eg: Oh !
Alas !
Hellow !
Hurrah !
Underline interjection of the following
sentences.
1. Alas ! She is dead
2. Oh ! Look at the room.
3. Hellow ! What are you doing there
4. Hurrah ! we won the game
5. Hai ! How are you

ARTICLES
'Article' A English grammar Z A
_ topic. A$$ Importance *{
GM$PV> E. # >, g$ $$Z fV
s $$ IAS, Group I, RRB, P.O's, Icet, BEd, Constable, Departmental Exams
Z Articles O {$ GM$PV> $$$. D
Articles O N AV> M $V$Z

C$.
A, An or The $ Articles As$. s 2
$V> h^^$a.
1. Indefinete article 2. Definete article
Indefinite articles :- H article A$$ sentence Z subject V$_ (exact information)
Q_a$O *^ C$ Ar$s article
$ Indefinete article As$. [ An article
which tells the exact information about the
subject in a the exact informatin about the subject in a sentence then it is called Indefinete
article]
See the followint example
A girl is going on the road
A girl = any girl
O Sentence Z girl As H girl ? H girl
A$$ A^$a. class girl,
age girl, area girl A *$
$g$$. M>st " a ' A Indefinete infor-

mation C$yr ^ " a '

Indefinete

article

As$.
She is asking an Umbrella
an Umbrella = anyUmbrella
Note: CMPy an Umbrella As any Umbrella

JM
An

one
per
all(to denote the class/race)
any
single
to denote professions
in comparisions
in exclamatory sentences
to denote unknown persons
before 'few,little' in the
meening of 'some'
after S

CM $V$ kZ (l b{ |\
12, 2011) -
|+
{-$- f-V-Z-.
* - $- f$-V-$ $$s {-$ C. C-sM ^-$ -$$ $
-Z $$-W--*$. {-$- M
$-M--- g{V- D -M---.....
1. --$O - Eyr D $-$Z H$-#-$ A ^-$ B- y-$.
XZ } M$~y$ ^-r$ $ t A {$
$ #y, Gst --$--Z$ $ M>$.
2. { M* BZ-^--$ $-M* BZ-^--- G$-P.
3. Jy r$t-M-M _ Z {-- *$M$.
_ M* >-y g# $--M*y$.

CSAT-2011

4. $$ {-V> r$t-M-. *V>, *$,


yM s ^*.
5.
D
$V$ kZ *y { { A-1.Inthe meaning of 'one' ( 'one' A AZ )

. M W --- t^$ M,
Eg. I want a cell a phone
$Z
G A$$ {* A V> *y
a cell phone = one cell phone

^*.
2. In the meaning of 'per'(per A AZ)
6.
D
{

{ $-$Z, - ^-B
Eg: My wife draws Rs. 10,000 a month
^*. BrM>$ M-W^y, *sy^y ^$a month = per month
- $$ ^.
3. In the meaning of 'all ( 'all' A AZ)
7. ^ { {-$ $ $-M Zr$ r$
Eg : A cow is a domestic animal
$-^$-M-.
A cow = All cows
8. M -*$ $$$ rty Ms #@-a- (--f4. In the meaning of 'single' ('single A
) O {M t st.
AZ)
9. -s-Ms, , $, $ s s $$
Eg. She didn't speak a word in the meeting
^$-M-. $$$ -V-M$y M M>
st. Oz 0.45 $ $$s $ M> M
a word = single word
V>Y --$.
5. To denote professions ( $$)
10.
$Z { $-O-. $*
Eg : She is a nurse

*V ^$My.
He is an Engineer
11.

-$M $$$ g ->$


Murali is a lawyer
M

$-MP-. M JM Vr
6. In the meaning of 'any' ('any' A AZ)

$
$
$ -M ^$-MEg: Send here a student
.
a student = any student
B t...
7. In comparisions ( $ar)
BM -M~, IPS,
case - 1
JM M/ $ already JM VZ Ay-- G, MV*y
KnownA$$ $M 'a' M/ E*W. Email- gandhianpolicing@gmail.com
Usages -

He is Sachin of my my village.
Note : A$ cricket V> Byy$ A A.
M> A $ Sachin M>$.
She is an Iswaryarai of my colllege
Note : B$ beautiful V> Er$ A A.
M> B$ $ Iswaryarai M>$.
case II :
Person JMPs....professions y$
Eg: He is a better teacher than clerk
Note : A$ clerk Ms teacher V> V>

V$# y$.Er$ A A.
He is a better singer than dancer
A$ dancer Ms singer V> V>

V$#

y$.
8. In exclamatory sentences
Eg: What a beautiful girl !
What an idea it is !
What a shame it is !
What an idiot you are !
9. To denote unknown persons

(A_ M$ V$_ ^ Z)

eg: Mr. john came for you


(speaker knows john)
Note John M $ ^a$.
A Mr. John came for you
(speaker doesn't know you)
10. Before 'few, little' in the meaning of
'some', few', little which means H$ $,
Nothing)
a few a little which means M, M^,
M some
Eg: Few students attended the party
Few students means No students

(G* f$ M>$)
A few students attended the party
A few students means
Some students

(M$ f*$)
K.Venkata Ramana
Director K.V.R. Spoken English

Cell: 9959 310 234

12

|C nqT+<+

T<ys+ 8 pH 2011
pH 1
M{ BV , M$r$ $
Q {Ms_ f&$
$ *f M> $$H ^O, M>{V
A$>$ *V> >Z $Z
{^$. D M > V M$
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pH 2

yT 29
yT 30
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Cy$ * AM>
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D M>{M$Z { ^ C A$z$
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yT 31

EV$ BV O M$r$ $
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V$r*$ h $* {V>$Z
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>$ $y M>$s f$
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C sM>i _, $ {$
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pH 4

MV> y $, yNs
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V HM{XV> GM*$.
AO t E$$ & gq *& JM
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f &48, K&45, G, Gs & 18
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MV : MVZ $*y$ M> B C$.
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kO 6 $y 10 M$ : y Z r$
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kO 14 &17 : tV M{M {h
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kO 18 & 21 : O $*y$ Z r Ms$$#
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M$s A Ctr*sZ >$ $^^$a.
V$$ kO 21 $_ {$#$$.
kO 22 : Cs M$ A$$ r >$
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kO 25 &29 : kO 25 $V r
Ms$$# Er$.
kO 29 &31 : CsM$ A$ r$ As
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BV$t 11 &13 : s y M h[t .
BV$t 14 : s y r As$s ^$.

T<ys+ 8 pH 2011

|C nqT+<+

19

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B V$_ M M $$. AM 2006


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fast approaching. And this time in a new
format. The proposed change in the format of
preliminary examination has thrown thousands of aspirants in a tizzy. Civil Services
Prelims has been replaced by the newly introduced Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT),
which includes two objective papers with one
General Studies and one General Aptitude
Paper (replaces the optional subject).
The reason behind introduction of this section as specified by the Alagh Committee is,
"The present testing of the optional subject is
based on College/University curriculum. Reexamining the candidates in their own subjects appears to have doubtful utility. The universities have already done the work and
retesting, possibly even at a lower level that
what candidates have completed earlier,
appears to be unnecessary. What is important
is the relevance of a subject to the job requirements of a Civil Servant, especially in the
changing scenario."

Number System
A glance on the statistics of this exam indicates its own number system. In 2010, aspirants in a 6 digit figure (2,69,036) appeared
for the exam, a 5-digit figure (12,491) qualified the preliminary round, those in a 4-digit
figure (2,589) qualified for the mains examination, a 3-digit figure (920) were recommended, and a mere 2-digit figure will get the
most coveted IAS positions. This sublimes to
mere 0.3% selected (out of total students
appeared).

What Now ..?


As seen above, the civil services exam has
limited seats to be decided among lakhs of
candidates, making it very tough to crack.
Most candidates have to appear for it multiple
times before they clear it. Any change in the
format of the exam is likely to cause considerable psychological impact on the human
mind and this change too has sent fearful
signs across a large section of students. A
majority of students with a non-technical
background are fearful about their old nemesis, Mathematics. But this fear may be base-

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less as the changes lay greater emphasis on


the 'aptitude' of candidates, which mainly
involves reasoning skills and not just
Mathematics. The most important thing that
an aspirant can take from this new avatar of
civil services is inspiration rather than fear.
Now when hardly 2 weeks are left for the preliminary examination, this confidence will
play a major role in preparation as it will be
instrumental in alleviating fear and reducing
pressure in this intense competitive exam.
However, this confidence will only come
when one is fully prepared for the exam. As
we know, CSAT comprises of two papers
which, now, have equal weightage. So one's
arsenal should be replete with techniques
which to counter the problems posed by the
respective paper.

revised from the notes one has prepared and


concepts should be checked again to certain
one's position. For further improvement, more
and more questions and practice tests should
be solved till the examination date. This will
certainly widen their knowledge horizon and
give them confidence.
For the undefined areas, students should
understand the practical and theoretical issues
along with basic details. Since the preparation
time is limited now, all areas that have been

optimized as much as possible. At the current


stage of preparation, the areas which have
been traditionally strong should be consolidated with a good workbook for practice. The
importance of solving good questions is very
important in this paper as once a particular
logic is mastered, it gives loads of confidence
for further questions. Unlike paper I where
quantity of questions is a major determinant
for static section, paper II cannot be tamed
without solving quality questions, though few

Paper I: General Studies


This paper has been the traditional "waterloo" for the many of the "good" candidates
since long. Though only a few still associate
it with general knowledge, most of the students don't understand the reasoning part
associated with this paper. Though the UPSC
has officially introduced "aptitude" testing
from 2011, but general studies aptitude has
indirectly been a part of the curriculum from
the past 4-5 years. The kind of questions that
the UPSC has been testing aspirants on,
require strong reasoning skills along with
basic factual information. So in effect many
students have already been preparing for the
General Studies Aptitude Test (GSAT).
Now towards the fag end of one's preparation of general studies for prelims, consolidation is required. As we know paper I includes
(i) Static part with traditional areas like Indian
National Movement, Indian Polity, Basic
Economic Understanding, Geography, and (ii)
Dynamic part which include current affairs
and general knowledge and has no proper definition and syllabus.
Static areas are traditionally scoring areas
and the higher the candidate scores in this
area, lesser is the dependence on the uncertain
areas of current affairs and general knowledge. These areas should be thoroughly

Take good care of yourself and have a proper sleep day before the
Don't forget to revise important facts, figures, definitions, theories
But, incidentally if you spot some area that have not prepared well
or forget to revise the latest
developments as you didn't
had access to updated content , don't panic. Even don't waste time
to search such material. If someone helps on that front, fine; otherwise be content with what all you have and use that for revision.

Paper II:
This section includes English language
skills, Mathematical skills, Reasoning skills,
Analytical ability and Interpersonal skills.
Unlike paper I which has a static part, unfortunately this paper provides no such respite.
But the sense of reasoning and aptitude testing
has continuity from paper I.
As most of the candidates are not smart
with all the aspects specified above, one can
smartly choose the area where scores can be

while working out the right options and also in eliminating the
wrong ones.

examination.
and concepts during last minute preparation. This will boost your
confidence once you see questions related to these during exam.

marked by the candidate can be revisited


again with special focus on main keywords of
the issue. This would help them achieve a
good strike rate in the type of questions which
demand reasoning along with factual data.
Finally, solving as many questions as possible
from good sources, will give required to give
the finishes to the preparation.

Alertness is needed as sometimes aspirants commit blunders by


marking wrong alternative on the answer-sheet.

Remember in new pattern also there will be penalty (Negative


Marking) for wrong answers in prelims. It is a step to check random answering and
wild guessing to

Last minute Preparation Tips for C-SAT-2011

During practice, which topic or issues troubled you or solving


questions where you committed errors? Prepare these topics again
and be careful that you don't repeat such mistakes during examination.

Common sense and presence of mind would improve your


prospects in Preliminary Examination. You will be benefitted

eliminate non-serious candidates.


'Cultivating habit of reading question full'. Even if you
know the answer, read question and all alternatives before
finally reaching at conclusion.
Practice, have faith in your abilities and make yourself ready
for Preliminary Examination. 'Efficiency with accuracy' is
the key and with practice, you can develop sharpness and
habit of making quick decisions. It tests your memory and
power to recall information when needed.

in number. Thus, smart work at this time can


be a major determinant in cracking this section.
In the quantitative section, understanding of
numbers is vital as such questions form a fair
portion of total marks. Candidates must work
hard to smart this section. Methods to improve
time management of such questions should
necessarily be looked at, as this section is historically notorious for eating a chunk of time.
This decreases overall ability of students to
attempt maximum questions.
Students who don't have a background in
English, students, who are not well versed
with this language, should never panic and
must keep confidence in the mode and pattern
of preparation that has been followed till date.
As specified by UPSC, testing requires skills
till "class X level", so there are lesser things to
worry about. Studying must not be made complex by following deeper aspects which are
not demanded by the syllabus.
Overall, both the papers can be dealt section
wise and one can afford to miss certain subsection if other areas are fairly strong. Again
time management is very vital in such exams
where each mark makes a big difference. So,
practice done, in the coming days, should be
synchronized with the time management.
Overall, the paper demands an all-round
ability which should peak at the right time.
And as the time for battle is around the corner,
one must put all energies into the preparation
and concentrate on all the vital aspects of the
examination.
................... Good luck!

- Mr. Rajat Sen, Member,


Career Launcher Civil Services Team

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