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t

. . - . .

, 2009 .
48 ., 1- . : 5.000 .
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, , .
, , .
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ISBN 978-5-902855-81-1 , 2009

:
: 125412 . , / 28
: . , . , 21
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12


(, , , ,
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,
.
(Codex Alimentarius
), ,
,
:
100 182 .
.
E200 E299 . , , , , , .
E300 E399 . ,
, .
E400 E499 . . . .
500 599 .
, , .
600 699 .
900 999 .
.
1000 ,
; ; , , ,
, .
 , ( - , , , ..).

13


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14

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, (),
.
, ,
.
, (), .

100 182 .

100 - (Curcumins), (Curcumin). Curcuma longa . (Turmmeric) - . .
101 - (Riboflavins), (Riboflavin). 5- (Riboflavin 5-phosphate sodiium). . .
102 - (Tartrazine). . .
103 - , (Alkanet). . .
104 - (Quinoline Yellow). . .
107 - 2G (Yellow 2G). . .
110 - (Sunset Yellow FCF). . .
E120 - (Carmines). . .
.
122 - , (Azorubine). . .
124 - 4R, 4R (Ponceau 4R). . .

15

128 - 2G (Red 2G). . .


129 - (Allura red AC). .
.
131 - V (Patent blue V). . .
132 - (Indigotine). . .
.
133 - FCF, FCF (Briilliant blue FCF). . .
140 - (hlrhill). . .
141 - (Copper Chlorophylls),
(Chlorophyll copper complex),

(Chlorophyllin copper complex, sodium and potassium salts). . .
142 - S (Green S). . .
143 - FCF (Fast green FCF). . .
150a - I (Caramel I - Plain). .
.
150b - II, - (Caramel II - Caustic sulphite process). . .
150c - III, (Caramel III - Ammonia process). . .
150d - IV, - (Caramel IV - Ammonia-sulphite process). . .
151 - PN, PN (Brilliaant black PN). . .
152 - (Carbon black (hydrocarbon). . .
153 - (Vegetable carbon). . .
155 - HT (Brown HT). . .

16

160a - (Carotenes). -
(Beta-carotene synthetic). (Nattural extracts). . .
160b - (Annato extracts). . .
160c - (Paprika oleoresins). .
.
160d - (Lycopene). . .
160e - - (Beta-apo-carotenal).
. .
160f - --8- (Beta-apo-8@-carotenoic Acid, Methyl or ethyl ester).
. .
161a - (Flavoxanthin). . .
161b - (Lutein). . .
161c - (Kryptoxanthin). . .
161d - (Rubixanthin). . .
161e - (Violoxanthin). . .
161f - (Rhodoxanthin). . .
161g - (Canthaxanthin). . .
162 - ( red). . .
163 - (Anthocyanins),
(Grape skin extract), (Blackcurrant
extract). . .
170 - (Calcium carbonates), (Calcium carbonate), (Calcium hydroggen carbonate). , , , . .
171 - (Titanium dioxide). . .
172 - (Iron oxides), (+2,+3), (Iron oxide, black), (+3), (Iron oxide,
red), (Iron oxide, yellow). . .
174 - (Silver). . .
175 - (Gold). . .

17

181 - (Tannins, food grade). , , . .


182 - , (Orchil). . .

* * *
E200 E299 .
,
, , ,
,

200 - (Sorbic acid). . .


201 - (Sodium sorbate). . .
202 - (Potassium sorbate). . .
203 - (Calcium sorbate). . .
209 - - (Heptyl pHydroxybenzoate). . .
210 - (Benzoic Acid). . .
211 - (Sodium benzoate). . .
212 - (Potassium benzoate). . .
213 - (Calcium benzoate). . .
214 - - (Ethyl p-Hyddroxybenzoate). . .
215 - -
(Sodium ethyl p-Hydroxybenzoate). . .
218 - - (Methyl
p-Hydroxybenzoate). . .
219 - - (Sodium methyl p-Hydroxybenzoate). . .
220 - (Sulphur dioxide). , . .

18

221 - (Sodium sulphite). , . .


222 - (Sodium hydrogen sulphite). , . .
223 - (Sodium metabisulphite). , , . .
224 - (Potassium metabisulphit). ,
. .
225 - (Potassium sulphite). , . .
226 - (Calcium sulphite). , . .
227 - (Calcium hydrogen sulphite). , . .
228 - () (Potassium bisulphite).
, . .
230 - (Diphenyl). . .
231 - - (orto-phenylphenol). . .
232 - - (-Phenylphenol Sodiium). . .
234 - (Nisin). . .
235 - , (Pimaricin, natamycin). . .
236 - (Formic acid). . .
237 - (Sodium formate). . .
238 - (Calcium formate). . .
239 - (Hexamethylene tetramine). . .
241 - ( guaicum). . .
242 - () (Dimethyl dicarbonate).
. .
249 - (Potassium nitrite). ,
. .

19

250 - (Sodium nitrite). ,


. .
251 - (Sodium nitrate). ,
. .
252 - (tssiu nitrate). ,
. .
260 - (Acetic acid glacial). ,
. .
261 - (Potassium acetates), (Potasssium acetate), (Potassium diacetate). ,
. .
262 - (Sodium acetates), (Sodium
acetate), (Sodium diacetate). , . .
263 - (Calcium acetates). , , . .
264 - (Ammonium acetate). . .
265 - (Dehydro acetic acid). . .
266 - (Sodium dehydroacetate). . .
270 - L-, D-, DL- (Lactic acid,L-, D- and DL-).
. .
280 - (Propionic acid). . .
281 - (Sodium propionate). . .
282 - (Calcium propionate). . .
283 - (Potassium propionate). . .
290 - (Carbon dioxide).
. .
296 - (Malic acid, DL-). -

20

. .
297 - (Fumaric acid). . .

* * *
E300 E399 .
, ,

300 - , L- (Ascorbic asid, L-). A. .
301 - (Sodium ascorbate). A. .
302 - (Calcium ascorbate). A.
.
303 - (Potassium ascorbate). A.
.
304 - (Ascorbyl palmitate). A.
.
305 - (Ascorbyl stearate). A. .
306 - , (Mixed Tocopherols concenntrate). A. .
307 - A- (Alpha-tog opherol). A.
.
308 - - (Syntethic Gamma-tocoppherol). A. .
309 - - (Syntethic Delta-tocopheerol). A. .
310 - (Propyl gallate). A. .
311 - (Octyl gallate). A. .
312 - (Dodecyl gallate). A. .
314 - (Guaiac resin). A. .

21

315 - () (Isoascorbic acid,


Erythorbic acid). A. .
316 - (Sodium isoascorbate). A. .
317 - (Potassim isoascorbate). A. .
318 - (Calcium isoascorbate). A. .
319 - - (Tertiary-butylhydroquinone). A. .
320 - (Butylated hydroxyanisole). A. .
321 - , (Butylated hydroxytoluene.
A. .
322 - , (Lecithins). A,
. .
323 - (Anoxomer). A. .
325 - (Sodium lactate). , , . .
326 - (Potassium lactate). , . .
327 - (Calcium lactate). ,
. .
328 - (Ammonium lactate). , . .
329 - , DL- (Magnesium lactate, DL-).
, . .
330 - (Citric acid). ,
, . .
331 - (Sodium citrates), 1- (Sodium dihydrogen citrate), 2- (Disodium monohydrogen citrate), 3- (Trisodium citrate). , , , . .
332 - (Potassium citrates), 2--

22

(Potassium dihydrogen citrate), 3- (Tripotassium citrate). , ,


. .
333 - (Calcium citrates). , , . .
334 - , L(+)- (Tartaric acid, L(+)-). , , .
.
335 - (Sodium tartrates), 1- (Monosodium tartrate), 2-
(Disodium tartrate). , . .
336 - (Potassium tartrates), 1- (Monopotassium tartrate), 2- (Dipotassium tartrate). , . .
337 - - (Potassium sodium tartrate). , . .
338 - - (Orthophosphoric acid). , . .
339 - (Sodium phosphates), - 1- (Monosodium orthophosphate), -
2- (Disodium orthophosphate), -
3- (Trisodium orthophosphate). , , , ,
, . .
340 - (Potassium phosphates), - 1- (Monopotassium orthophosphate), - 2- (Dipotassium orthophosphate), 3- (Tripotassium orthophosphate).
, , ,
, . .
341 - (Calcium phosphates), -
1- (Monocalcium orthophosphate), 2- (Dicalcium orthophosphate),

23

- 3- (Tricalcium orthophosphatte). , , , , , , ,
. .
342 - (Ammonium phosphates), -
1- (Monoammonium orthophosphate), 2- (Diammonium orthophosphate).
, . .
343 - (Magnesium phosphates), -
1- (Monomagnesium orthophosphate), 2- (Dimagnesium orthophosphate),
- 3- (Trimagnesium orthophosphaate). , , . .
345 - (Magnesium citrate). . .
349 - (Ammonium malate). . .
350 - (Sodium malates), 1- (Sodium hydrogen malate), (Sodium malate).
, . .
351 - (Potassium malates), 1- (Potassium hydrogen malate), (Potassium
malate). . .
352 - (Calcium malates), 1- (Calcium hydrogen malate), (Calcium
malate). . .
353 - - (Metatartaric acid). . .
354 - (Calcium tartrate). . .
355 - (Adipic acid). .
.
356 - (Sodium adipates). . .

24

357 - (Potassium adipates). . .


359 - (Ammonium adipates). . .
363 - (Succinic acid). .
.
365 - (Sodium fumarates). . .
366 - (Potassium fumarates). . .
367 - (Calcium fumarates). . .
368 - (Ammonium fumarate). . .
375 - (Nicotinic acid). .
.
380 - (Ammonium citrates). . .
381 - - (Ferric ammonium citrate). . .
383 - (Calcium Glycerophosphate).
, . .
384 - (Isopropyl citrates).
. .
385 - - (Calcium disoddium ethylenediamine-tetra-acetate). , ,
. .
386- (Disodium ethylenediamine-tetra-acetate). , ,
. .
387 - (Oxystearin). , . .
391 - (Phytic acid). A. .

* * *
25

E400 E499 .
.
.
400 - (Alginic acid). , . .
401 - (Sodium alginate). , . .
402 - (Potassium alginate). , . .
403 - (Ammonium alginate). , . .
404 - (Calcium alginate). , , . .
405 - (Propylene glycol alginate). , . .
406 - (Agar). , ,
. .
407 - , , ,
(Carrageenan and its Na, , NH4 salts incluudes furcellaran). , , .
.
407 - Euchema (Carrageenan pesProcessed euchema seaweed). , , . .
409 - (Arabinogalactan). , , . .
410 - (Carob bean gum). ,
. .
411 - (Oat gum). , .
.
412 - (Guar gum). , .
.
413 - (Tragacanth gum). , , . .

26

414 - (Gum arabic, Acacia gum). , . .


415 - (Xantan gum). , . .
416 - (Karaya gum). , .
.
417 - (r gum). , . .
418 - (Gellan gum). , , . .
419 - (Gum ghatti). , ,
. .
420 - (Sorbitol and sorbitol syrup).
, , , , . .
421 - (Manmtol). , , . .
422 - (Glycerol). , . . .
425 - ( (Konjac, Konjac flour), (Konjac gum), (Konjac glucoomannane). . .
430 - (8) (Polyoxyethylene (8) stearate).
. .
431 - (40) Polyoxyethylene (40) stearatte). . .
432 - (20) , 20 (Polyooxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate). . .
433 - (20) , 80 (Polyoxxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate. . .
434 - (20) , 40
(Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate). . .
435 - (20) , 60 (Poly-

27

yoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate). . .


436 - (20) - (Polyoxyethyleene (20) sorbitan trjstearate). . .
440 - (Pectins). , , . .
441 - (Gelatin). , , . . .
442 - (Ammoniun
salts of phosphatidic acid). . .
444 - (Sucrose acetate, isobutirat).
, . .
445 - (Glycerol esters of
wood resin). , . .
446 - (Succistearin). . .
450 - (Diphosphates), (Disodium diphosphate),
(Trisodium diphosphate), (Tetrasodium diphoosphate), (Dipotassium diphosphate),
(Tetrapotassium diphosphate),
(Dicalcium diphosphate),
(Calcium dihydrogen diphosphate), (Dimagnnesium diphosphate). , , , , , . .
451 - (Triphosphates), (5-) (Pentasodium triphosphate), (5-) (Pentapotassium triphosphate). ,
, . .
452 - (Polyphosphates),
(Sodium olyphosphate), (Potassium polyphoosphate), - (Sodium calcium polyphoosphate), (Calcium polyphosphates), (Ammonium polyphosphates). ,
, , , . , , , , . .

28

459 - - (Beta-cyclodextrin). ,
. .
460 - (Cellulose), (Microcrystalline celluulose), (Powdered cellulose). ,
,
. .
461 - (Methyl cellulose). , , . .
462 - (Ethyl cellulose). , . .
463 - (Hydroxypropyl cellulose).
, . .
464 - (Hydroxypropyl, , methyl cellulose). , . .
465 - (Methyl ethyl cellulose). ,
, , . .
466 - (Sodium carbooxymethyl cellulose). , . .
467 - (Ethylhydroxyethyl cellulose).
, , . .
468 - (Croscaramellose). , . .
469 - . , . .
471 - - (Mono- and diglycerrides of fatty acids). , . .
.
472a - (Acetiic and fatty acid esters of glycerol). , ,
. . .
472b - (Lacttic and fatty acid esters of glycerol). , ,
. . -

29

.
472c -
(Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol). , ,
. . .
472d - - , (Tartaric acid esters of Mono- and diglycerides of fatty
acids). , , . . .
472g - (Succcinylated
monoglycerides).
,
,
. . .
472e - (Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol). ,
, . .
.
472f - , (Mixed tartaric, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol).
, , . . .
473 - , (Sucrose esters of fatty
acids). . .
474 - Caxapo (Sucroglycerides). . .
475 - (Polyglycerol esteers of fatty acids). . .
476 - (Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic
acid). . .
477 - (Propylene glyccol esters of fatty acids). . .
478 - (Lactylated fatty esters of glycerol and propylene
glycol). . .
.

30

479 - - (Thermally oxidized soya bean oil with


mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids). . .
480 - (Dioctyl sodium sulphosucccinate). , . .
481 - (Sodium lactylates),
(Sodium stearoyl lactylate), (Sodiuum oleyl lactylate monostearate). , . .
482 - (Calcium lactylates). , . .
483 - (Stearyl tartrate).
. .
484 - (Stearyl citrate). , . .
491 - , 60 (Sorbitan monostearate).
. .
492 - (Sorbitan tristearate). .
.
493 - , 20 (Sorbitan monolaurate).
. .
494 - , 80 (Sorbitan monooleate).
. .
495 - , 40 (Sorbitan monopalmiitate). . .
496 - , 85 (Sorbitan trioleat). , . .

500 599 .
,
,
500 - (Sodium carbonates),
(Sodium carbonate), (Sodium hydrogen carrbonate), (Sodium ses-

31

squicarbonate). , ,
. .
501 - (Potassium carbonates),
(Potassium carbonate), (Potassium hydrogen
carbonate). , . .
503 - (Ammonium carbonates),
(Ammonium carbonate), (Ammmonium hydrogen carbonate). , . .
504 - (Magnesium carbonates), (Magnesium carbonate), (Magnesium
hydrogen carbonate). , , , . .
505 - (Ferrous carbonat). . .
507 - (Hydrochloric acid). . .
508 - (Potassium chloride). .
.
509 - (Calcium chloride). . .
510 - (Ammonium chloride).
. .
511 - (Magnesium chloride). . .
513 - (Sulphuric acid). .
.
514 - (Sodium sulphates). . .
515 - (Potassium sulphates). . .
516 - (Calcium sulphate).
, , . .
517 - (Ammonium sulphate).

32

, . .
518 - (Magnesium sulphate). .
.
519 - (Cupric sulphate). , . .
520 - (Aluminium sulphate). .
.
521 - -, (luuminium sodium sulphate). . .
522 - -, (lumminium potassium sulphate). , . .
523 - -,
(luminium ammonium sulphate). , . .
524 - (Sodium hydroxide). . .
525 - (Potassium hydroxide). . .
526 - (Calcium hydroxide). , . .
527 - (Ammonium hydroxide).
. .
528 - (Magnesium hydroxide). , , , . .
529 - (Calcium oxide). ,
. .
530 - (Magnesium oxide). , . .
535 - (Sodium ferrocyamde). , . .
536 - (Potassium ferrocyanide). ,
. .
538 - (Calcium ferrocyanide). ,

33

. .
539 - (Sodium thiosulphate). ,
. .
541 - (Sodium aluminium phosphate), (Acidis), (Basic). , . .
542 - ( ) (Bone phosphate) (esssentiale Calcium phosphate tribasic). , , ,
. . .
550 - (Sodium silicates), (Sodiium silicate), -c (Sodium metasilicate). ,
. .
551 - (Silicon dioxide amorphous).
, . .
552 - (Calcium silicate). , . .
553 - (Magnesium silicates),
(Magnesium silicate), (Magnesium trisilicate),
(Talc). , . .
554 - (Sodium aluminosilicat). ,
. .
555 - (Potassium aluminium silicate). , . .
556 - (Calcium aluminium silicate). , . .
558 - (Bentonite). , . .
559 - (Aluminium silicate). , . .
560 - (Potassium silicate). , . .
570 - (Fatty acids). , , . .

34

574 - (D-) (Gluconic acid (D-).


, . .
575 - - (Glucono delta-lactone).
, . .
576 - (Sodium gluconate). . .
577 - (Potassium gluconate). . .
578 - (Calcium gluconate). , . .
579 - (Ferrous gluconate). . .
580 - (Magnesium gluconate). , . .
585 - (Ferrous lactate). .
.

600 699

620 - , L(+) (Glutamic acid, L(+). . .
621 - 1- (Monosodium glutamate).
. .
622 - 1- (Monopotassium Glutamatte). . .
623 - (Calcium glutamate).
. .
624 - 1- (Monoammonium glutammate). . .
625 - (Magnesium glutamate).
. .
626 - (Guanylic acid).
. .

35

627 - 5- 2- (Disodium 5-guanylate).


. .
628 - 5- 2- (Dipotassium S-guanylatte). . .
629 - 5- (Calcium 5-guanylate). . .
630 - (Inosimc acid). . .
631 - 5- 2- (Disodium 5-inosinate).
. .
632 - (Potassium inosinate).
. .
633 - 5- (Calcium 5-inosinate). . .
634 - 5- (Calcium 5-ribonucleotides).
. .
635 - 5- 2- (Disodium 5-riboonucleotides). . .
636 - (Maltol). . .
637 - (Ethyl maltol). .
.
640 - (Glycine). . .
641 - L- (L-Leucine). . .
642 - (Lysin hydrochlorid).
. .

900 999 .

900 - (Polydimethylsiloxane). , , , . .

36

901 - , (Beeswax white and


yellow). , . .
902 - (Candelilla wax). . .
903 - (Carnauba wax). . .
904 - (Shellac). . .
.
905a - (Mineral oil food grade).
, , . .
905b - (Petrolatum). , , . .
905c - (Petroleum wax),
(Microcrystalline wax), (Paraffin wax). , , . .
906 - (Benzoin gum). . .
908 - (Rice bran wax). .
.
909 - (Spermaceti wax). .
.
910 - (Wax esters). . .
913 - (Lanolin). . .
920 - , L- -
(Cysteine, L-, and its hydrochlorides - sodium and potassium
salts). . .
, .
921 - , L-, -
(Cystine, L-, and its hydrochlorides -sodium and potassium sallts). . .
, .
927a - (Azodicarbonamide).
. .
927b - () (Carbamide (urea). .
.

37

928 - (Benzoyl peroxide).


, . .
930 - (Calcium peroxide).
. .
938 - (Argon). , . .
939 - (Gellium). , . .
940 - , (-12) (Dichlorodifluoromethanne). , . .
941 - (Nitrogen). ,
. .
942 - (Nitrous oxide). ,
. .
943a - (Butane). . .
943b - (Isobutane). . .
944 - (Propane). . .
945 - (Chloropentafluoroethane). . .
946 - (Octafluorocyclobutane). . .
948 - (Oxygen). , . .
950 - (Acesulfame potassium). . .
951 - (Aspartame). ,
. . . .
952 - , (Cyclamic acid and Na, , salts). .
.
953 - , (Isomalt, isomaltitol). , , , , . .
954 - (, , ) (Sacch-

38

harin and Na, , salts). . .


955 - () (Sucralose (Trichloroogalactosucrose). . .
957 - (Thaumatin). ,
. .
958 - (Glycyrrhizin). ,
. .
959 - (Neohesperidine dihydrochhalcone). . .
960 - (Stevioside). . .
962 - (Twinsweet). . .
965 - (Maltitol and maltitol syrup).
, , . .
966 - (Lactitol). , . .
967 - (Xylitol). ,
, , . .
999 - (Quillaia extracts). .
.

* * *
1000 ,
,
,
, , ,
,
1000 - (Cholic acid). . .
1001 - , (Choline salts and esters). . .
1100 - (Amylases). . .
1101 - (Proteases), (Protease), (Pappain), (Bromelain). (Ficin).

39

, , , . .
1102 - (Glucose oxidase). .
.
1103 - (Invertases). . .
1104 - (Lipases). . .
1105 - (Lysozyme). . .
1200 - N (Polydextroses A and N). , , , ,
. .
1201 - (Polyvinylpyrrolidone). , , , . .
1202 - (Poeyvinylpolypyrrolidone).
, . .
1400 - , , ,
(Dextrjns, roasted starch, white and yellow). , , . .
1401 - , (Acid-treated starch).
, , . .
1402 - , (Alkaline-, treated starch). , , . .
1403 - (Bleached starch). ,
, . .
1404 - (Oxidized starch). ,
, . .
1405 - , (Staarches enzime-treated). , , .
.
1410 - (Monostarch phosphate). , , . .
1411 - (Distarh glicerol). , . .

40

1412 - , ; (Distarrch phosphate esterified with sodium trimetasphosphate; esterified


with phosphorus oxychlo-ride). , , . .
1413 - (Phospphated distarch phosphate). , , . .
1414 - (Acetylaated distarch phosphate). , . .
1420 - , (Starch acetate esterified with acetic anhydride). , . .
1421 - , (Starch acetate esterified with vinyl acetate). , . .
1422 - (Acetylated distarch
adipate). , , . .
1423 - (Acetylated distarcch glycerol). , , . .
1440 - (Hydroxypropyl starch).
, , . .
1442 -
(Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate). , .
.
1443 - (Hydroxyproppyl distarch glycerol). , . .
1450 -
(Starch sodium octenyl succinate). , , , . .
1451 - (Acetilated oxydiised starch). , . .
1503 - (Castor oil). . .

41

1505 - (Triethyl citrate). . .


1518 - (Triacetin). . .
1520 - (Propylene glycol). , . .
1521 - (Polyethylene glycol). .
.

,

: . .
N- : ,
, . .
: ,
, . .
N-: , , . .
. . .
: . .
: . .
: . .
N 1: . .
N 2: . .
N 3: . .
(Red rice): . .
(Glycyrrhiza sp.) : .
.
(Acantophyllum sp.) , 1,05:
. .
(-21): . .
: . .

42

: . .
: . .
: . .
(Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni),
: . .
, : . .
: . .
(Potassium formate): . .
, : , ,
. .
: . .
(Erythritol): . .
: . .

* * *

:
, .
, , ( ),
, .

* * *
.

43


.
, .
. -
( )
1- . .. . .
(. , 2003); (. ,
1991); (. , 2006)
(. , 2008). .


.
.

* * *
: 13
1005005, ., , 30
: 5.000

* * *
:
: 125412 . , / 28
: . , . , 21
/: 8 (499) 9066717, 8 (495) 7074666, 8 (905) 7347083
www.sadpress.com - izdatelstvo-sad@yandex.ru

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