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Regents Prep #5

Name:
1.

Date:

In the 1960s, a common goal of President John F.


Kennedys Alliance for Progress and Peace Corps
was to
A.

improve Arab-Israeli relations

B.

fight the spread of the AIDS epidemic

C.

end colonialism in Latin America and Asia

3.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the passage below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
. . . In this present crisis, government is not
the solution to our problem; government is
the problem. From time to time weve been
tempted to believe that society has become
too complex to be managed by self-rule, that
government by an elite group is superior to
government for, by, and of the people. Well,
if no one among us is capable of governing
himself, then who among us has the capacity
to govern someone else? All of us together,
in and out of government, must bear the
burden. The solutions we seek must be
equitable, with no one group singled out to
pay a higher price. . . .

D. support developing nations while containing


communism

President Ronald Reagan,


Inaugural Address, January 20, 1981
The Reagan administration tried to deal with the
situation described in this statement by

2.

Both the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963 and the


Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) of 1972
were attempts to
A.

settle boundary disputes in Europe

B.

promote the peaceful use of atomic energy

C.

ease Cold War tensions

A.

limiting the role of the federal government

B.

reducing military defense expenditures

C.

increasing regulations on business

D. expanding the power of federal employee


unions

D. share military technologies with developing


nations

page 1

4.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the statement below and on your knowledge of
social studies.

5.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of
social studies.

My fellow citizens, events in Iraq have now


reached the final days of decision. For more
than a decade, the United States and other
nations have pursued patient and honorable
eorts to disarm the Iraqi regime without
war. That regime pledged to reveal and
destroy all its weapons of mass destruction
as a condition for ending the Persian Gulf
war in 1991. . . .

GOING DARK

President George W. Bush, March 17, 2003


Which action did President George W. Bush take
following this statement?
A.

withdrawing from the Persian Gulf War

B.

ordering American forces to invade Iraq

C.

removing economic sanctions on Iraq

Source: Randy Bish, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review,


May 15, 2009 (adapted)

Which statement most accurately expresses the


main idea of this cartoon?

D. threatening Iraq with nuclear weapons

A.

Medicare and Social Security are not helping


Americans.

B.

The financial future of Medicare and Social


Security is in jeopardy.

C.

Social Security will run out of money before


Medicare.

D. Medicare and Social Security have been


abolished.

6.

The migrations of African Americans from the


South to the North during World War I and World
War II are most directly related to
A.

the availability of factory jobs

B.

a widespread farming crisis

C.

plans to pursue military careers

D. access to free land

page 2

Regents Prep #5

7.

President Lyndon B. Johnsons Great Society


programs built on ideas set forth in President
Franklin D. Roosevelts New Deal by

9.

A.

supporting the expansion of social welfare


programs

A.

expanding civil rights protections

B.

reinstating government loyalty lists

B.

C.

opposing new immigration reform measures

monitoring persons suspected of endangering


national security

C.

withdrawing from international organizations

D. relying on balancing the federal budget

8.

Which action did the federal government take in


response to Cold War tensions after World War II
and again in response to the September 11, 2001,
terrorist attacks?

D. restricting trade with allies

Which action illustrates the concept of checks and


balances?
A.

President Harry Truman issuing an executive


order to desegregate the military

B.

Congress overriding President Richard Nixons


veto of the War Powers Act

C.

the House of Representatives Ethics


Committee reviewing members financial
records

10.

Both President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President


Barack Obama undertook banking and financial
reforms during their administrations to
A.

give states a greater role in the regulatory


process

B.

end foreign influence in the banking systems

C.

restore stability to the national economy

D. reduce government involvement in the


economy

D. President Jimmy Carter selecting Walter


Mondale as his vice presidential running mate

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Regents Prep #5

11.

13.

Mapp v. Ohio, 1961


Gideon v. Wainwright, 1963
Miranda v. Arizona, 1966

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of
social studies.

These three Supreme Court decisions are similar


in that each ruling
A.

expanded the rights of the accused

B.

reduced presidential powers

C.

shifted more power to the states

D. limited campaign contributions

Which issue is the main focus of this cartoon?

12.

Base your answer to the following question on the


passage below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

14.

President Lyndon B. Johnson,


State of the Union Address, January 12, 1966
Which idea is best described in this passage?
appeasement

B.

C.

domino theory

D. neutrality

limited political power of the elderly

B.

excessive use of child labor

C.

diminishing need for Social Security

D. growing weakness of the Social Security


system

. . . We will stay because in Asia and around


the world are countries whose independence
rests, in large measure, on confidence in
Americas word and in Americas protection.
To yield to force in Vietnam would weaken
that confidence, would undermine the
independence of many lands, and would whet
the appetite of aggression. We would have to
fight in one land, and then we would have to
fight in anotheror abandon much of Asia
to the domination of Communists. . . .

A.

A.

isolationism

The issue illustrated in this cartoon is most closely


related to the
A.

rising cost of higher education

B.

increasing age of the baby boom generation

C.

declining quality of construction materials

D. decreasing price of energy

page 4

Regents Prep #5

15.

Which event is most closely associated with the


end of the Cold War?

17.

Which headline best illustrates the operation of


checks and balances?

A.

President Richard Nixons visit to China

A.

B.

withdrawal of United States troops from


Vietnam

President Andrew Johnson Impeached by


the House of Representatives

B.

C.

tearing down the Berlin Wall

President Dwight Eisenhower Sends


Troops to Little Rock

C.

President Ronald Reagan Engages in


Arms Reduction Talks with the Soviets

D. sending United States troops to Afghanistan

D. President George W. Bushs Approval


Ratings Drop Due to the Iraq War

16.

During both Andrew Jacksons presidency in the


1830s and the Progressive movement in the early
1900s, democracy was expanded by
A.

extending civil rights for Native American


Indians

B.

establishing term limits for elected ocials

C.

decreasing the number of elected oceholders

18.

D. increasing citizen participation in the


government

One way in which the Civil Rights Act of 1964


and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
are similar is that they have
A.

extended free speech protections for students


while in school

B.

increased the number of eligible voters

C.

helped overcome discrimination against certain


groups

D. slowed down the construction of public


buildings

page 5

Regents Prep #5

19.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s) on the charts below and on your knowledge of social studies.
Presidential Election of 1876
Republican Candidate

Democratic Candidate

Rutherford B. Hayes

Samuel Tilden

States Carried: 20

States Carried: 17

Electoral Votes: 185

Electoral Votes: 184

Popular Votes: 4,034,311

Popular Votes: 4,288,546

Presidential Election of 2000


Republican Candidate

Democratic Candidate

George W. Bush

Al Gore

States Carried: 30

States Carried: 20 + D.C.

Electoral Votes: 271

Electoral Votes: 266

Popular Votes: 50,456,062

Popular Votes: 50,996,582


Source:

National Archives

The presidential elections of 1876 and 2000 were controversial because the winner in both elections

20.

A.

was a third-party candidate

B.

had fewer popular votes than his opponent

C.

had fewer electoral votes than his opponent

D. carried fewer states than his opponent

Which change to the Constitution is most often suggested by critics of the election results shown in these charts?
A.

requiring a revote

B.

eliminating the electoral college

C.

making the loser of the election the vice president

D. banning third-party candidates from presidential elections

page 6

Regents Prep #5

21.

Base your answer to the following question on the


photograph below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

Unindicted Co-Conspirator

22.

Cars line up at a New


York City gas station, 1973.

Source: New York Times (adapted)

This 1973 photograph shows a situation most


directly related to
A.

the development of nuclear power sources

B.

the end of oil production in the Gulf of


Mexico

C.

terrorist attacks on United States petroleum


reserves

Source: Herblock, Washington Post, July 14, 1974 (adapted)

Which statement best describes the point of view


of the cartoonist?

D. an oil embargo imposed by nations in the


Middle East

A.

The press is responsible for misleading the


public about the Nixon administration.

B.

Most Americans continue to support the


policies of the Nixon administration.

C.

The articles of impeachment against President


Richard Nixon are unjustified.

D. President Richard Nixon is directly involved


in the Watergate cover up.

page 7

Regents Prep #5

23.

25.

Gibbons v. Ogden (1824), United States v. E.


C. Knight Co. (1895), and Schechter Poultry
Corporation v. United States (1935) are all
Supreme Court cases dealing with
A.

presidential power during wartime

B.

federal authority to regulate interstate


commerce

C.

protection of students religious freedom

Base your answer to the following question on


the poem below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
. . . Give me your tired, your poor, Your
huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The
wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send
these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift
my lamp beside the golden door!
Emma Lazarus
An American who holds the ideals expressed by
the poem would most likely favor

D. government regulation of passenger


transportation

A.

allowing only highly educated immigrants to


enter the United States

B.

using troops to stop immigration from Mexico

C.

penalizing businesses that hire illegal


immigrants

D. maintaining a policy of open immigration

24.

The economic programs of President Franklin D.


Roosevelt and President Lyndon B. Johnson both
resulted in
A.

increased responsibilities for the federal


government

B.

significant reductions in state and federal


spending

C.

26.

federal ownership of major corporations

D. reduced spending on public works projects

In the second half of the 20th century, federal


eorts to reduce air and water pollution included
A.

imposing limits on the number of imported


automobiles

B.

increasing domestic coal production

C.

placing limits on factory emissions

D. encouraging United States corporations to


move operations overseas

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Regents Prep #5

27.

Which action did President Ronald Reagan support


to achieve economic growth?

30.

A.

lowering taxes on corporations and individuals

A.

Embargo Act (1807)

B.

increasing spending on social welfare


programs

B.

Fugitive Slave Law (1850)

C.

cutting defense budgets

C.

Homestead Act (1862)

D. Sherman Antitrust Act (1890)

D. increasing the regulation of industry

31.
28.

Which government action from the 1800s resulted


in significant migration within the United States?

Which newspaper headline would have appeared


after the breakup of the Soviet Union?
A.

Russian Troops Invade Afghanistan

B.

Poland and Hungary Join NATO

C.

President Carter Announces Camp David


Agreement

Base your answer to the following question on the


passage below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
. . . Historians looking back at our time will
note the consistent restraint and peaceful
intentions of the West. They will note that it
was the democracies who refused to use the
threat of their nuclear monopoly in the forties
and early fifties for territorial or imperial
gain. Had that nuclear monopoly been in the
hands of the Communist world, the map
of Europeindeed, the worldwould look
very dierent today. And certainly they will
note it was not the democracies that invaded
Afghanistan [in 1979] or suppressed Polish
Solidarity or used chemical and toxin warfare
in Afghanistan and Southeast Asia.. . .

D. President Reagan Supports Contras in


Nicaragua

President Ronald Reagan, speech to the


British House of Commons, June 8, 1982

29.

Which attitude about Cold War rivalries is


expressed by President Ronald Reagan in this
speech?

Balancing individual rights and freedoms with the


need for national security has been one of the
biggest challenges created by
A.

global climate change

B.

cultural exchanges

C.

corporate globalization

D. international terrorism

A.

Actions taken by communist nations to secure


their borders have brought stability to Europe.

B.

The United States has made no attempt to


pursue peaceful coexistence with communist
nations.

C.

Eorts to reduce the nuclear arms race have


resulted in lower defense spending.

D. Communist nations, not western democracies,


have threatened world peace.

page 9

Regents Prep #5

32.

President Ronald Reagan and President George W.


Bush shared the belief that tax cuts would result in
A.

a reduction in exports

B.

the growth of the economy

C.

an increase in the federal bureaucracy

34.

Base your answer to the following question on the


cartoon below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

D. a rise in unemployment

Which development is the topic of this cartoon?

33.

In New Jersey v. T.L.O. (1985) and Vernonia


School District v. Acton (1995), the United States
Supreme Court ruled that
A.

student rights may be limited in school

B.

school locker searches are unconstitutional

C.

public schools have the right to promote


school prayer

A.

increase in trade between the United States


and Southeast Asia

B.

outsourcing of American jobs to foreign


countries

C.

abandonment of free trade agreements with


other countries

D. payment of higher wages to overseas workers

D. schools must obtain a court order to


implement drug testing

35.

What was the major purpose of the Sherman


Antitrust Act (1890) and the Clayton Antitrust Act
(1914)?
A.

reducing government involvement in the


economy

B.

promoting fair competition between businesses

C.

guaranteeing collective bargaining rights

D. increasing foreign imports

page 10

Regents Prep #5

36.

Which action would be considered an example of


the use of the unwritten constitution?
A.

ratification of the 19th amendment in 1920

B.

declaration of war against Japan in 1941

C.

passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

39.

D. cabinet meeting called by President Bill


Clinton in 1993

37.

Which statement best describes a concern shared


by John Muir, Theodore Roosevelt, and Rachel
Carson?
A.

The rights of the disabled are not respected.

B.

Campaign finance reform is needed to improve


government.

C.

The natural environment must be protected.

D. The growth of the federal budget deficit is a


threat to the nation.

The growing use of the automobile in the 1920s


and the Interstate Highway Act of 1956 both
contributed to
A.

the expansion of inner cities

B.

an increase in immigration

C.

the growth of suburbs

D. a resurgence in rail travel


40.

38.

Which statement is a valid generalization about


immigration to the United States?
A.

Asian immigration was encouraged throughout


the 20th century.

B.

Few restrictions on European immigration


existed before the 1920s.

C.

The original Constitution strictly limited


immigration.

The League of Nations and the United Nations


were both formed with the goal of
A.

preventing wars through peaceful negotiations

B.

prohibiting the development of nuclear


weapons

C.

monitoring the worlds monetary systems

D. supporting the spread of democracy

D. Federal immigration policies have not changed


since 1900.

page 11

Regents Prep #5

41.

Base your answer to the following question on the


newspaper headlines below and on your knowledge
of social studies.

43.

Base your answer to the following question of the


poster below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

Source: New York Times, August 9, 1974


Which constitutional provision is most clearly
illustrated by these headlines?
A.

presidential power

B.

qualifications to be president

C.

presidential succession

D. advice and consent of the Senate

Source: Library of Congress, 1978

42.

What was one result of the boycott called for on


the poster?

. . . There is one sign the Soviets can make that


would be unmistakable, that would advance
dramatically the cause of freedom and peace.
General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if
you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and
Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come
here to this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate!
Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!. . .
President Ronald Reagan, June 12, 1987

nuclear arms race

B.

Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

C.

division of Berlin, Germany

The sale of lettuce and grapes increased.

B.

The power of large landowners over their


laborers grew.

C.

Federal troops were sent to suppress violence


on farms in the West.

D. Public support for the goals of farmworkers


increased.

President Reagan was calling for the end of the


A.

A.

D. Warsaw Pact

page 12

Regents Prep #5

44. Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the graphs below and on your knowledge of
social studies.

45.

One result of the situation shown on the graphs is


that the United States
A.

must consider its need for energy when


making foreign policy decisions

B.

relies mainly on European nations for its


energy

C.

leads the world in the production of oil and


steel

D. must find markets for its surplus energy

Source: International Energy Annual


2005, Energy Information Administration,
Department of Energy (adapted)

46.

Which conclusion is best supported by the


information on these graphs?
A.

More nations produce energy than consume it.

B.

South American nations are the greatest


producers of energy.

C.

Nations that produce the most energy are the


richest nations in the world.

Base your answer to the following question on the


cartoon below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

D. The United States uses more energy than it


produces.

Source: Jim Morin, Miami Herald, in New York Times, September 10, 1989

Which statement most accurately expresses the


main idea of the cartoon?
A.

Successive presidents have failed to deal


eectively with illegal drug use.

B.

These presidents were successful in fighting


the war on drugs.

C.

The war on drugs was the major domestic


concern of these presidents.

D. Many presidents have proposed legislation to


decriminalize illegal drugs.

page 13

Regents Prep #5

47.

What was the central issue in both the John Peter


Zenger case (17341735) and the controversy over
the Pentagon Papers (1971)?

49.

A.

right to bear arms

A.

selected by the state legislatures

B.

freedom of religion

B.

elected without a majority of the popular vote

C.

freedom of the press

C.

aided by a third-party candidate

D. right to counsel

48.

One way in which the Hayes-Tilden election of


1876 and the Bush-Gore election of 2000 are
similar is that in each election the winner was

D. chosen by the United States Supreme Court

Convention Meets at Seneca Falls

50.

19th Amendment Ratified

Betty Friedan Organizes Natinal Organization


for Women

Theodore Roosevelt mediates adoption of the


Treaty of Portsmouth.
Richard Nixon visits China.

Which statement about women in the United States


is best illustrated by these headlines?

Bill Clinton supports peace accords in Northern


Ireland.

A.

The role of women in society has remained


unchanged since colonial times.

These actions are examples of various presidents


acting as

B.

The struggle for womens rights has spanned


many decades.

C.

The earnings of women today are equal to


those of men.

D. The movement for womens rights has lacked


leadership.

A.

chief diplomat

B.

head of party

C.

chief legislator

D. commander in chief

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Regents Prep #5

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Regents Prep #5

06/05/2015

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