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Smart Cities:

a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

School of Engineering, University of Basilicata


beniamino.murgante@unibas.it
http://oldwww.unibas.it/utenti/murgante/Benny.html
https://unibas-it.academia.edu/BeniaminoMurgante
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Beniamino_Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology Lodz June 3, 2015

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015
Cities are the
economic heart
of America

http://
www.washingto
npost.com/
blogs/the-fix/
wp/2014/02/19/
you-might-notlike-big-citiesbut-you-needthem/?
tid=sm_fb

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015
Cities are the economic heart of America

http://www.economist.com/node/21564536

McKinsey Global Institute (2012) Urban


America: US cities in the global economy

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

http://blogs.wsj.com/economics/2012/07/20/u-s-cities-with-bigger-economies-thanentire-countries/tab/interactive/

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Cities play a central role for


humanity, offering the opportunity
to learn from each other face to
face.

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Cities have the capability of providing


something for everybody, only
because, and only when, they are
created by everybody.
(Jane Jacobs)
All of us articulate our understanding
of the city in different ways, thus
implying that cities are kaleidoscopes
of plurality, a multiplicity of ideas,
perceptions, theories, models.
(Batty, 2013)
Smart Cities: a planner's point of view
Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

http://www.smartcity-planning.co.jp/en/outline/index.html

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Percentage of EU population living in urban areas, 1950-2050 (forecast)


Source: UN (2009)

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Wuxi, Jiangsu, China

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Dharavi: 240-hectare slum in central Mumbai

http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/dharavidevelopment-project-inches-ahead/1153592/

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Informal settlements (South East Asia)


Smart Cities: a planner's point of view
Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Informal settlements: Nairobi

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

Everything
is Smart

Everything is Smart

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Ten commandments for the city (Hanzl, 2014)


https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?
fbid=10204196347015718&set=pb.
1438171327.-2207520000.1403434139.&type=3&
theater

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

I am Smart

I am Smart

I am Smart

I am Smart
I am
Smart

I am Smart

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Alberto Brandolini

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

The Smart City model (?)

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

The Smart City model (?) Masdar City


Smart Cities: a planner's point of view
Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Virtual Cities:
construction and representation of urban scenarios
Computable City (Batty, 1995):
How computers were changing methods for city
understanding
How computers changes in city structure and dynamics
urban computing (Shepard and Greenfield 2007)
U-city (Lee et al., 2008 Jang et al., 2010)

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Virtual Cities:
construction and representation of urban scenarios

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Virtual Cities:
construction and representation of urban scenarios

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Virtual Cities:
construction and representation of urban scenarios

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Computable City
(Batty, 1995):
How computers were changing
methods for city
understanding
How computers changes in city
structure and dynamics.

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Hypermaps
Coordinate
accessed
documents
(Laurini, 2000)

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

(Laurini, 2000)

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

(Laurini, 2000)

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

Lillehammers
Electronic municipal
master plan corner

Use of a movable window to


pan in the land use plan

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

U-city (Lee et al., 2008 Jang et al., 2010)

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

U-city (Lee et al., 2008 Jang et al., 2010)

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart cities:
the pillars

(Murgante and Borruso, 2013)

Governance, regulation

Connections

Sensors
(Open) Data

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Open Data Classification proposed by Tim Berners-Lee

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

(Longley, et al. 2001)

(Longley, et al. 2001)

(Moore)
(Longley, et al. 2001)

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

CANRI 1999

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Coordinating Geographic Data Acquisition and


Access: The National Spatial Data Infrastructure
(NSDI)
1.

2.

3.

"National Spatial Data Infrastructure" means the technology, policies, standards, and
human resources necessary to acquire, process, store, distribute, and improve
utilization of geospatial data.
"Geospatial data" means information that identifies the geographic location and
characteristics of natural or constructed features and boundaries on the earth. This
information may be derived from, among other things, remote sensing, mapping, and
surveying technologies. Statistical data may be included in this definition at the
discretion of the collecting agency.
The "National Geospatial Data Clearinghouse" means a distributed network of
geospatial data producers, managers, and users linked electronically.

Executive Order 12906


Smart Cities: a planner's point of view
Beniamino Murgante

Spatial Data Infrastructures:


1.
geographic data and attributes,
2.
catalogues and Web mapping (as a means to discover, visualize, and
evaluate the data),
3.
enough documentation (metadata)

Clearinghouse

Geoportals

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015
The INSPIRE directive came into force on 15 May 2007 and will be implemented
in various stages, with full implementation required by 2019.

Data should be collected only once and kept where it can be maintained most
effectively.
It should be possible to combine seamless spatial information from different
sources across Europe and share it with many users and applications.
It should be possible for information collected at one level/scale to be shared
with all levels/scales; detailed for thorough investigations, general for strategic
purposes.
Geographic information needed for good governance at all levels should be
readily and transparently available.
Easy to find what geographic information is available, how it can be used to
meet a particular need, and under which conditions it can be acquired and
used.

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015
Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)

Web Mapping Service (WMS)


Web Feature Service (WFS)
Web Coverage Service (WCS)

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Neogeography
Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI)
Citizens as Voluntary Sensors
Michael Goodchild

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015
Matera and OpenStreetMap

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

Matera and OpenStreetMap

Matera and OpenStreetMap 21/10/2013

Matera and OpenStreetMap 05/11/2013

Potenza and OpenStreetMap 07/01/2015

Potenza and OpenStreetMap 10/04/2015

Potenza and OpenStreetMap 30/05/2015

Potenza and OpenStreetMap 7/01/2015

Potenza and OpenStreetMap 30/05/2015

Matera e OpenStreetMap 05/02/2014

http://
www.theguardian.com/
technology/2013/nov/
15/online-volunteersmap-philippines-aftertyphoon-haiyan

http://resultmaps.neis-one.org/osm-typhoonhaiyan-2013-contributors

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

http://faculty.washington.edu/kstarbi/TtT_Hurricane_Map_byEvent.html

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

http://http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~starbird/TtT_Irene_map_byEvent.html

http://opengenova.org/maps/webcam/).

http://test.geosdi.org/geo-portal/

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

http://mappinglondon.co.uk/2013/londons-oyster-card-flows/

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Real

Geographical
objects
Virtual

Statement
Geo-Statement

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

programming documents

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

http://www.pitmpm.basilicata.it/PIT/map.phtml
http:// www.pitmpm.basilicata.it/cgi-bin/wms_pit

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015
Murgante B., Tilio L., Lanza V., Scorza F. (2011) Using participative GIS and e-tools for involving citizens of
Marmo Platano Melandro area in European programming activities special issue on E-Participation in
Southern Europe and the Balkans Journal of Balkans and Near Eastern Studies, vol. 13(1) pp. 97115. Taylor
& Francis, London, ISSN:1944-8953, doi:10.1080/19448953.2011.550809.

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

PICERNO

MURO
SAVOIA

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

TITO

BALVANO

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

(Murgante, 2012)

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

(Murgante, 2012)

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015
People
Believe
Confront
Politics
Good

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Urban Space Network (Source: research data, Rocha, 2015)

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

66405 inhabitants
11.713 signatures
17,6%

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Henri
CartierBresson Bridge near
Potenza,
Basilicata,
Italia 1973

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

!
pLay moVing gArdeN
Highlighting the city, education to sight
Paths, signals and playful elements

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

!
Caos Calmo

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

Caos Calmo + Full and Empty

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

321 discussions

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Garden,
beautiful,
congratulations,
city, projects,
proposals,
initiative

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

revitalizegreenspacesagainstindifferenceoverbuildingwith no rules

!
Smart Cities: a planner's point of view
Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

economicsustainabilityprivilegingreuseconceptself-constructionmaterials

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015
https://youtu.be/lBzonUOUxJk

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

http://www.citydashboard.org/

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Ratti, 2008

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

http://www.theguardian.com/cities

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

Battys key problems of (smart) cities


1.

a new understanding of urban problems;

2.

effective and feasible ways to coordinate urban


technologies;

3.

models and methods to use urban data across spatial and


temporal scales;

4.

developing new technologies for communication and


dissemination;

5.

new forms of urban governance and organisation;

6.

defining critical problems about cities, transport, and


energy;

7.

risk, uncertainty and hazard in the smart city

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante

IAiU Lodz University of Technology


Lodz - June 3, 2015

Smart Cities: a planner's point of view


Beniamino Murgante