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CST Math

Mr. Proulx
www.mrproulx.weebly.com
tproulx@wqsb.qc.ca

Course Syllabus

Content
Term 1

Functions&Systems

Term 2

AnalyticalGeometry
TrianglesIsometric&Similar
MidtermReview

Term 3

TrianglesTrigonometry
Stats
Year-EndReview

We will use a combination of the Visions textbook,


Math 3000 textbook, handouts and assignments.

Last year

Algebra
Pythagorean Theorem
Exponents
Cartesian Coordinates
Slope of a line
Functions
Systems
Area & Volume
Histograms
Box & Whisker

Learning Goals and Success Criteria


To identify various functions
I can identify a function using the vertical line test
I can identify a function using the graph
I can identify a function using the rule

To identify and label various properties of functions


I can list the domain and range
I can indicate increasing, constant & decreasing (variation)
I can explain the absolute max/ min
I can explain the relative max/min
I can find the initial value (y-intercept)
I can find the zeros of the function (x-intercepts)
I can describe the sign

positive (x values above the x-axis)


negative (x values below the x axis)

FAMILY OF FUNCTIONS

CONSTANT

LINEAR

EXPONENTIAL

RATIONAL

PERIODIC

QUADRATIC

STEP

PIECEWISE

Identifying a Functions
A function is a relation where for every x-value

there is AT MOST one y-value


To identify a function use the vertical line test - A
relation is afunctionif there are novertical
linesthat intersect the graph at more than one
point.

Properties of functions (MC)

Single
Value

Interval
s

Domain: all the possible values of x that could be represented

by the function (Lowest x to the highest value of x)


dom f ={list of items here}
Range: all the possible values of y that could be represented by
the function (lowest to the highest value of y)
ran f ={list of items here}
Increasing: When the graph goes
direction
Decreasing: When the graph goes
direction
Positive: When a graph is above the x-axis
Negative: When a graph is below the x-axis
Maximum: Highest y-value
Minimum: lowest y- value
Intial value (a.k.a y-intercept): is the value of f(0) i.e. the value
of the function when x=0
Zeros (a.k.a x-intercepts): the value of x when f(x)=0

* All interval (except range) are read off the x-axis


Properties of functions Web resour
ces

Properties of Functions
Sign of the function:
The

sign of a function, or
parts of the function will
either be positive or
negative
To find the sign of the
function (or its parts) you
must find the VALUES OF
X for which the function is
positive or negative
f(x) 0 over [-3,-1] U [2,[
f(x) 0 over [-,-3] U [1,2]

Properties of functions
Variation of a function:
A

function f(x) is constant over


an interval if, when x increases
over that interval, the y-values
remain constant (i.e. flat line)
A function f(x) is increasing
over an interval if, when x
increases over that interval, the
y-values increase
A function f(x) is decrease
over an interval if, when x
increases over that interval, the
y-values decrease
f(x) is constant over
f(x) is increasing over
f(x) is decreasing over

Properties of functions
Extrema: the extrema of a

function are any values


that are either a
maximum or a minimum
(peaks and valleys)
Maximum = peaks
Minimum = Valley
Absolute
maximum/minimum =
highest/lowest peak
max f = 1

Strategies:

Strategies:

Learning Goals and Success Criteria


To find and graph the rule of a linear function
I can re-write the equation to follow the rule y = ax + b
I can find the slope (a) using the rule a = y2 y1

x2 x 1
I can find y-intercept (b) using the rule b = y1 - ax1
I can find the rule when given point & slope
I can find the rule when given 2 points
I can find the rule when given a graph

To identify the rule for an inequality function


I can identify an inequality by the symbols <,, >,
I know what area of the graph is shaded based on the equation
I know if the graph is increasing/ decreasing based on the equation
I know if the graph has a solid or dotted line based on the equation.

Constant
(Straight Horizontal Line)
RULE:

y=b
y = total
b = initial value

(y-intercept- does not

change)

FUNCTION SITUATION:
A person pays $68 per month for an unlimited
bus pass y = 68
The cost of a hall rental is $700 no matter
how many people / no matter how long y =
700

CONSTANT

First Degree Polynomial Function


Linear Function (MC)
RULE:

y = ax + b
slope form
ax + by + c = 0 standard form
ax + by = c
general form
x, y = points on the line
a = slope of the line (Rise over run )
b = initial value (y intercept: when x = 0)
FUNCTION SITUATION:
A woman climbs a hill starting at 10m above sea
level and ascends at 5m/min y = 5x + 10

Recognizing Linear Functions Video

First Degree Polynomial


Function (Linear
Inequalities)
What do I need to
know to solve this
problem?
1. Solve for y

2.

3.

y < - 0.7x + 140


Eliminate c) + d)
because y intercept is
equal to 140

We know the line is


dotted because it is less
than. (A solid line would
be for or )
Shading We shade
above the line for or >
and below the line for
or <

Answer: A

Linear Inequalities (MC)


Determining if a point is part of the
solution?

Is (51, 55) part of the solution?


y 2/3 x + 4
55 2/3(51) + 4
55 34 + 4
55 38
This point is in the shaded region of the

solution

Things to Remember
If you plug the

point into the


inequality and the
statement is
true, then the
point is in the
shaded region.
If it is false then it
is not in the
shaded region.

Strategies:
Strategies:
Answer: A

Answer: D

Learning Goals and Success Criteria


To identify and find the rule for second

degree polynomials (quadratic functions)


I can identify a quadratic function
The graph is a parabola
The a indicates

If the graph is positive/ negative


If the graph is narrow or wider

I can find the rule of a quadratic function y = ax 2

Using a graph
Using a table of values

I can use the rule of a quadratic function

I can solve for y


I can solve for x
I can solve for a

Second Degree Polynomial:


Quadratic Functions (SA) + (LA)
RULE:

y=a
y = total
x = independent variable
a = parameter (Minimum / Maximum values)

FUNCTION SITUATION:
A building is constructed as
quickly and as tall above
ground as its foundation
below ground. Y = total
time (days) constructing
both x = meters high/low. If
the function passes through
point (8,32) find the rule.

Use the formula and plug


the points into the equation.
y=ax2
32 = a (8) 2
32 = a (64)
32/64 = a
0.5 = a
Therefore the rule is y = 0.5
x2
Properties of Quadratic Functions V
ideo

What can we learn about the


graph from the a value
A positive value for
a results in an
upwards curve

y = 5x2
If the value of a
is smaller the
graph will be
wider.

y = 7x2
If the value of a is
larger the graph will
be more narrow.

A negative value for


a results in a
downwards curve

Graphing Quadratic Functions

To graph a
quadratic
function you
need many
points.

Set up a table of values and


plug at least 5 points into the
rule. To graph f(x) = ax2:
Determine the opening
(smile/frown) according to
the sign of a
Place the vertex, V, at
(0,0).
Note 1: the vertex is
the max/min (peak,
valley) of the graph
Note 2: in this course
the vertex will always
be at (0,0)
Complete a table of values.
Connect the dots with a
slight curve.

Strategies:
Answer: A

Strategies:
Answer: A)4 , B)3 , C) 2, D) 1

Second-degree polynomial function


(a.k.a. quadratic function or parabola)
1. Find the equation of the parabola with the vertex

V(0,0) and passing through the given point P.


P(2,12)

y = ax2
12 = a(2) 2
12 = 4a
a=3

What do I need to know


to solve this problem?
1. Solve for x

1.17= 0.0013 x 2

1.17 / 0.0013 = x

900 = x 2

900 = x 2

30 = x

What do I need to know to


solve this problem? Where do I
start?
1.

2.
3.

The first function is graphed, but create


a table of values to determine some of
the main points.
Label the x and y axis (use the data from
the table)
Graph the function 2: Isolate y and set up
the rule y = ax + b
1.

4.

Y = 1/2 x + 6

Using the rule create a table of values for


function 2. Determine if the two functions
share any points.

5. Answer = Intersect at (-4, 4) & (6, 9)