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# CST Math

Mr. Proulx
www.mrproulx.weebly.com
tproulx@wqsb.qc.ca

Course Syllabus

Content
Term 1

Functions&Systems

Term 2

AnalyticalGeometry
TrianglesIsometric&Similar
MidtermReview

Term 3

TrianglesTrigonometry
Stats
Year-EndReview

## We will use a combination of the Visions textbook,

Math 3000 textbook, handouts and assignments.

Last year

Algebra
Pythagorean Theorem
Exponents
Cartesian Coordinates
Slope of a line
Functions
Systems
Area & Volume
Histograms
Box & Whisker

## Learning Goals and Success Criteria

To identify various functions
I can identify a function using the vertical line test
I can identify a function using the graph
I can identify a function using the rule

## To identify and label various properties of functions

I can list the domain and range
I can indicate increasing, constant & decreasing (variation)
I can explain the absolute max/ min
I can explain the relative max/min
I can find the initial value (y-intercept)
I can find the zeros of the function (x-intercepts)
I can describe the sign

## positive (x values above the x-axis)

negative (x values below the x axis)

FAMILY OF FUNCTIONS

CONSTANT

LINEAR

EXPONENTIAL

RATIONAL

PERIODIC

STEP

PIECEWISE

Identifying a Functions
A function is a relation where for every x-value

## there is AT MOST one y-value

To identify a function use the vertical line test - A
relation is afunctionif there are novertical
linesthat intersect the graph at more than one
point.

Single
Value

Interval
s

## by the function (Lowest x to the highest value of x)

dom f ={list of items here}
Range: all the possible values of y that could be represented by
the function (lowest to the highest value of y)
ran f ={list of items here}
Increasing: When the graph goes
direction
Decreasing: When the graph goes
direction
Positive: When a graph is above the x-axis
Negative: When a graph is below the x-axis
Maximum: Highest y-value
Minimum: lowest y- value
Intial value (a.k.a y-intercept): is the value of f(0) i.e. the value
of the function when x=0
Zeros (a.k.a x-intercepts): the value of x when f(x)=0

## * All interval (except range) are read off the x-axis

Properties of functions Web resour
ces

Properties of Functions
Sign of the function:
The

sign of a function, or
parts of the function will
either be positive or
negative
To find the sign of the
function (or its parts) you
must find the VALUES OF
X for which the function is
positive or negative
f(x) 0 over [-3,-1] U [2,[
f(x) 0 over [-,-3] U [1,2]

Properties of functions
Variation of a function:
A

## function f(x) is constant over

an interval if, when x increases
over that interval, the y-values
remain constant (i.e. flat line)
A function f(x) is increasing
over an interval if, when x
increases over that interval, the
y-values increase
A function f(x) is decrease
over an interval if, when x
increases over that interval, the
y-values decrease
f(x) is constant over
f(x) is increasing over
f(x) is decreasing over

Properties of functions
Extrema: the extrema of a

## function are any values

that are either a
maximum or a minimum
(peaks and valleys)
Maximum = peaks
Minimum = Valley
Absolute
maximum/minimum =
highest/lowest peak
max f = 1

Strategies:

Strategies:

## Learning Goals and Success Criteria

To find and graph the rule of a linear function
I can re-write the equation to follow the rule y = ax + b
I can find the slope (a) using the rule a = y2 y1

x2 x 1
I can find y-intercept (b) using the rule b = y1 - ax1
I can find the rule when given point & slope
I can find the rule when given 2 points
I can find the rule when given a graph

## To identify the rule for an inequality function

I can identify an inequality by the symbols <,, >,
I know what area of the graph is shaded based on the equation
I know if the graph is increasing/ decreasing based on the equation
I know if the graph has a solid or dotted line based on the equation.

Constant
(Straight Horizontal Line)
RULE:

y=b
y = total
b = initial value

## (y-intercept- does not

change)

FUNCTION SITUATION:
A person pays \$68 per month for an unlimited
bus pass y = 68
The cost of a hall rental is \$700 no matter
how many people / no matter how long y =
700

CONSTANT

## First Degree Polynomial Function

Linear Function (MC)
RULE:

y = ax + b
slope form
ax + by + c = 0 standard form
ax + by = c
general form
x, y = points on the line
a = slope of the line (Rise over run )
b = initial value (y intercept: when x = 0)
FUNCTION SITUATION:
A woman climbs a hill starting at 10m above sea
level and ascends at 5m/min y = 5x + 10

## First Degree Polynomial

Function (Linear
Inequalities)
What do I need to
know to solve this
problem?
1. Solve for y

2.

3.

## y < - 0.7x + 140

Eliminate c) + d)
because y intercept is
equal to 140

## We know the line is

dotted because it is less
than. (A solid line would
be for or )
above the line for or >
and below the line for
or <

## Linear Inequalities (MC)

Determining if a point is part of the
solution?

## Is (51, 55) part of the solution?

y 2/3 x + 4
55 2/3(51) + 4
55 34 + 4
55 38
This point is in the shaded region of the

solution

Things to Remember
If you plug the

## point into the

inequality and the
statement is
true, then the
point is in the
If it is false then it
is not in the

Strategies:
Strategies:

## Learning Goals and Success Criteria

To identify and find the rule for second

I can identify a quadratic function
The graph is a parabola
The a indicates

## If the graph is positive/ negative

If the graph is narrow or wider

## I can find the rule of a quadratic function y = ax 2

Using a graph
Using a table of values

## I can solve for y

I can solve for x
I can solve for a

## Second Degree Polynomial:

RULE:

y=a
y = total
x = independent variable
a = parameter (Minimum / Maximum values)

FUNCTION SITUATION:
A building is constructed as
quickly and as tall above
ground as its foundation
below ground. Y = total
time (days) constructing
both x = meters high/low. If
the function passes through
point (8,32) find the rule.

## Use the formula and plug

the points into the equation.
y=ax2
32 = a (8) 2
32 = a (64)
32/64 = a
0.5 = a
Therefore the rule is y = 0.5
x2
ideo

## What can we learn about the

graph from the a value
A positive value for
a results in an
upwards curve

y = 5x2
If the value of a
is smaller the
graph will be
wider.

y = 7x2
If the value of a is
larger the graph will
be more narrow.

a results in a
downwards curve

To graph a
function you
need many
points.

## Set up a table of values and

plug at least 5 points into the
rule. To graph f(x) = ax2:
Determine the opening
(smile/frown) according to
the sign of a
Place the vertex, V, at
(0,0).
Note 1: the vertex is
the max/min (peak,
valley) of the graph
Note 2: in this course
the vertex will always
be at (0,0)
Complete a table of values.
Connect the dots with a
slight curve.

Strategies:

Strategies:
Answer: A)4 , B)3 , C) 2, D) 1

## Second-degree polynomial function

1. Find the equation of the parabola with the vertex

P(2,12)

y = ax2
12 = a(2) 2
12 = 4a
a=3

## What do I need to know

to solve this problem?
1. Solve for x

1.17= 0.0013 x 2

1.17 / 0.0013 = x

900 = x 2

900 = x 2

30 = x

## What do I need to know to

solve this problem? Where do I
start?
1.

2.
3.

## The first function is graphed, but create

a table of values to determine some of
the main points.
Label the x and y axis (use the data from
the table)
Graph the function 2: Isolate y and set up
the rule y = ax + b
1.

4.

Y = 1/2 x + 6

## Using the rule create a table of values for

function 2. Determine if the two functions
share any points.