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+Day 7: Triangles Part III

Heros Formula & Sin Formula for Area


Secondary IV: Cultural, Social and Technical Mathematics


What
do I need on my
memory aid?
Trigonometry
Right triangles
SOH CAH TOA
Step 1: This looks impossible,
but read again, Luke did not readjust the ladder, he just swings
it over to the other tree.
So if we find the length of the
ladder we can then find the
missing angle.
Length of the ladder:
Cos 60
X=3m

The angle of the second tree


is:
Cos =
Cos = 0.3334
Remember to do the
inverse 71

Step1:
Find the missing angles of the triangle.
Position
2 forms a line so the supplementary
angle is 110

Therefore the lighthouse angle is


180 110 30 = 40

What do I need on my memory aid?


Trigonometry
Sine Law
Remember that this is not a right triangle so I can
not use SOH CAH TOA

Sine Law:

(re-label your triangle)

B = 39 km, the distance from position 2 to the


lighthouse

What
do I need on my memory

aid?
Mid-point
Distance formula
Step 1: Find the coordinates of
point A
Mid-point

Point A (360, 470)


Step 2: Length of Line SA
Distance = (x2 x1)2 + (y2 y1)2
Distance = (360 0)2 + (470
200)2
= 129600 + 72900
= 450 m
Since point A is the midpoint then
the length of line AM is also 450 m
Answer:

Melanie is 450 + 450 = 900 m from the school (No


service)
Dominic is 450 + 270 + 260 = 980 m from the school
(No service)
Frank is 450 + 270 + 390 = 1110 m, Frank has bus

Step 3: the length of line FB


FB = FD - BD
The length of FD
Distance = (762 162)2 + (354
104)2
= (600)2 + (250)2

What do I need on my memory


aid?
System of equations
Distance formula

Step 1: Find point E.


Remember that in a
system of equations, the
point where the two
lines cross is where the
two lines are equal to
one another.
Therefore:
2x + 2 = -x + 5
3x = 3
X=1
Solve for y
Y = 2(1) + 2
Y=4
Point E (1.4)

Step 2: Find the distance


between points E and F
Distance = (x2 x1)2 + (y2
y1)2
= (1 7)2 + (4 (-2))2
= (-6)2 + (6)2
= 36 + 36

What do I need on my memory aid?


System of equations
Writing the rules
Solving for x and y
Let

x = balcony tickets
y = floor tickets

Joyce:
4x + 3y = 214
Eric:
5x + 2y = 208
Solve for x using elimination method:
First I have to multiply both equations so that
they cancel each other out.
4x + 3y = 214
x (-2)
-8x 6y = - 428
5x + 2y = 208
x3
15x + 6y = 624
The ys cancel each other out
7x = 196
x = 28

Solve for y:
4(28) + 3y = 214
112 + 3y = 214
3y = 102
Y = 34
The price of 2 main floor
tickets will be 34 x 2 = $68

What do I need on my
memory aid?
Isometric Triangle
rules (congruent
SSS, SAS, ASA
Remember
that they have
to follow one
of the rules
exactly

Answer: C

What do I need on my
memory aid?
Properties of linear
functions
Parallel
Distinct
Coincidence
Perpendicular

These line have slopes that are the


negative reciprocal of each other,
therefore they are perpendicular.
Answer A

What
do I need on my

memory aid?
Similar Triangle rules
AA, SAS, ASA
Proportionality
Compare the proportional
ratios of both diagrams 1
and 2 (the other two
diagrams have obvious
errors)
Diagram 1

1.33 = 1.5
(not proportional)
Diagram 2

1.25 = 1.25
(these are proportional)
Answer: B


What
do I need on my
memory aid?
Metric relations
Labelled diagram
4 equations

axb=cxf

The height of the tree is f:

f = 44.7 m

answer: A

+
Learning Goals and Success
Criteria
To identify and apply one of the three formulas to find the area
of a triangle
I can identify the basic area of a triangle
I have the base and the height (not the slant height)
I can identify the area of a triangle using Heros formula
I have 3 sides of the triangle
I can identify the area of a triangle using the
Trigonometric formula
I have two sides and the angle between the two
given sides

+
Area of Triangles

There are 3 formulas to find the area of a triangle

Basic

You have a 90 angle for the height

Trigonometric Formula

You have to have 2 sides and angle in between SAS

Heros Formula

Used to calculate the area of a triangle when you have the length of the 3 sides

Half of the
perimeter

+
Trigonometric Formula (SA)

Sine
Formula

Area =

You have to have 2 sides and angle in between SAS

Area =
Area =

Area =

Area =
Area =

36 / 2

+
Heros Formula (SA)

Since we have three sides of the


triangle we have to use Heros
formula to find the area. But in
order to use the formula we first
must find p.

Now
that we have P we can use the
formula:
Area =
Area =
Area =
Area =

P=

P=

P = 35

Area =2

+
Area of Triangles (LA)

Where do I start?

Total
Area = 356.2 + 924 +
276.43
Total Area = 1556.63

40 cm

51 cm

We know that the pentagon NPQRS is


made up of three triangles. We have
to find the area of each triangle and
then add then together. First label
the diagram with the given
information.
Area
of Triangle NQR
What
do we know about this triangle. It is
not a right triangle and we know the length
of each side. We can use Heros formula to
find the area
Area =
Area =

77 cm

Area =
Area =

P
P =
=
P = 84

Area
of Triangle NPQ
What
Area = 924
do we know about this triangle.
It is a right triangle and we know the
Area of Triangle NRS
What do we know about this triangle. It is a
height. If we can find the base we can
use the basic area formula.
right triangle and we know the height. If we
To find the base we use trig. Now we can find the area can find the base we can use the basic
using: a =
Tan 66 =
Now we can find the area
area formula.

To find the base we use trig. using: a =


2.25 =
Area =
Tan 12 =
Area =
PQ = 17.81
Area = 356.2
0.21=
Area = 276.43
SR = 10.84

+
Area of Triangles (LA)
Where do we start?

First of all we know that


this is a proof because we
are asked to prove that
the triangle is 3420 cm2
(when you have a proof
you have to prove every
step)
Therefore even though we
can tell that FGJ= , we
have to prove it

Step
2: Solve for line PS using the metric relation in

Step 1: In order to prove that the


triangles are congruent we can use SAS
We know that the <FGJ =
<NPS
We also know that line FG =
MP
We have to prove that line PS
is also 156 cm (thats where
that metric relation comes in)

a2 = d X c
a2 = 144 X 169
a2 = 24336
a = 156 This proves that line PS = GJ
Now FGJ= proven by the rule SAS
Because the triangle are congruent we can also
state that line FJ is 171 cm
Next slide

Step
3: Find the area of triangle FJL

Since we have three sides we can


use Heros Formula
Area =

P= P=

P = 180

Area =
Area =
Area =
Area = 3420 cm2

We have now proven that the area of


triangle FJL is indeed 3420 cm2