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desta publicao poder ser reproduzida, seja por meios mecnicos, eletrnicos ou
YLDFySLD[HURJUiFDVHPDDXWRUL]DomRSUpYLDGD(GLWRUD

Reviso
Roberto Teixeira
Cristina Freixinho

Capa
Sense Design & Comunicao

Impresso e acabamento
(Em papel off-set 75 g. aps paginao eletrnica,
em tipos Times new Roman 11/13)
'LYLVmR*UiFDGD(GLWRUD5HYDQ

CIP-BRASIL. Catalogao-na-fonte
Sindicato Nacional dos Editores de Livros, RJ
S681c
Sontag, Ricardo
&yGLJR FULPLQROyJLFR" &LrQFLD MXUtGLFD H FRGLFDomR SHQDO QR %UDVLO 
1899) / Ricardo Sontag. 1. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Revan, 2014.
368 p.; 23 cm.
ISBN 978-85-7106-514-7
1. Direito penal Brasil. I. Ttulo.
14-16868
15/10/2014

CDU: 343.1(81)
15/10/2014

1
Escola positiva, reformas
HFRGLFDomRHP-RmR9LHLUDGH$UD~MR

0HQWUHQHOFDPSRVFLHQWLFRLOQRVWURVLVWHPDQRQLPSRUWDJLjXQDULIRUPD
EHQVuXQDPXWD]LRQHDELPLVIXQGDPHQWLVYLFHYHUVDQHOFDPSRSUDWLFRQRL
OLPLWLDPR SHU RUD OH QRVWUH GRPDQGH D TXDOFKH HVSHULPHQWR 3URSRVWH FRVu
PRGHUDWHHGRQHVWHQRQSRVVRQRHVVHUHFRPEDWWXWHFKHGDSUHJLXGL]LDSULRULVWLFL *$52)$/2S

VVDVVmRSDODYUDVGRSRVLWLYLVWDLWDOLDQR5DIIDHOH*DURIDORQR~OWLPRFDStWXORGDVXDSULQFLSDOREUDD&ULPLQRORJLDGH8PFDStWXORFLWDGRSHOR EUDVLOHLUR-RmR9LHLUDGH$UD~MR MXVWDPHQWHSDUD GHIHQGHUDLGHLD


GHUHIRUPDVJUDGXDLV$QWHVGHHQWUDUQDTXHVWmRGRJUDGXDOLVPRWHPD
TXHQRVRFXSDUiPDLVDGLDQWHSRURUDLPSRUWDVXEOLQKDURXWURGDGRQHVVH
IUDJPHQWRYHPRVDGLIHUHQoDHQWUHDVWHPSRUDOLGDGHVGDFLrQFLDHGRRUGHQDPHQWRMXUtGLFRSRVLWLYR$DQiOLVHGDFRQFHSomRGHFLrQFLDGRGLUHLWRSHQDOGR
SRVLWLYLVWDEUDVLOHLUR-RmR9LHLUDGH$UD~MRSDUWLUiH[DWDPHQWHGHVVHLQGtFLR
VREUHDWHPSRUDOLGDGHGDFLrQFLD&RPSDUDQGRHVVHVGRLVSODQRV RGDFLrQFLD
HRGDVUHIRUPDVFRQVLGHUDGDVLPHGLDWDPHQWHSODXVtYHLV RREMHWLYRQDOp
YHULFDUVHQRPGHVWHSHUFXUVRpSRVVtYHOLGHQWLFDUXPHVTXHPDVLPLODU
DRFRQVWUXtGRSRU*DURIDORQRIUDJPHQWRGHDEHUWXUDGHVWHFDStWXOR
4XmRLQRYDGRUDHUDDFRQFHSomRGHFLrQFLDMXUtGLFDGH-RmR9LHLUD"
(VVD SHUJXQWD SRUpP GHYH VHU FRPSOH[LFDGD 0HVPR D DXWRLPDJHP JDURIDOLDQDGHXPDFLrQFLDUDGLFDOPHQWHQRYDSRGHULDVHUHVIXPDGDSRUXPD
DQiOLVHVREUHDVSHUPDQrQFLDVHUXSWXUDVHPUHODomRjWUDGLomRSUHFHGHQWHH
pTXDVHXPGDGRa prioriTXHDVSHUPDQrQFLDVHPHUJLULDPMXQWDPHQWHFRP
DVUXSWXUDVHGHVVDIRUPDUHWRUQDUVHLDjVLPSOHVUHSHWLomRGHXPDFRQFHSomR JHUDO GH UHDOLGDGH WHPSRUDOLGDGHV P~OWLSODV  DSOLFDGD DR SDVVDGR

23

(QWmRQRSODQRGDKLVWyULDGRSHQVDPHQWRHVWDUtDPRVFRUUHQGRRULVFRGH
SUDWLFDUDQDFURQLVPR3RUHVVHPRWLYRRSUREOHPDGHYHVHUHQTXDGUDGRDQWHVGHPDLVQDGDQRkPELWRGDDXWRLPDJHPTXH-RmR9LHLUDID]LDGDSUySULD
DWLYLGDGHFLHQWtFD$OpPGLVVRpSRVVtYHOFRORFDUDSHUJXQWDHPXPTXDGUR
FRPSDUDWLYRHPUHODomRjHVFRODSRVLWLYDLWDOLDQDVH-RmR9LHLUDFRQVLGHUDYD
/RPEURVR*DURIDORH)HUULRVVHXVPHVWUHVpSRVVtYHOFRORFDUDSHUJXQWD
VREUHDQRYLGDGHGDVXDREUDFLHQWtFDDSDUWLUGRVFULWpULRVFRQFUHWRVWUD]LGRVSRUHVVDVIRQWHVLWDOLDQDV,VWRpFRORFDUHPIULFomRRVGRLVFRQWH[WRV
TXHRSRQWRGHSDUWLGDRVWH[WRVGH-RmR9LHLUDRIHUHFHDRSHVTXLVDGRU$
VHJXQGDHVWUDWpJLDHVWiVXFLHQWHPHQWHSURWHJLGDFRQWUDRDQDFURQLVPRMXVWDPHQWHSRUTXHRFRQWH[WRGDHVFRODSRVLWLYDLWDOLDQDpSURSRVWRSHORSUySULR
FRQMXQWRGHIRQWHVLQLFLDLVLVWRp-RmR9LHLUDQRVVHXVWH[WRVFRQVLGHUDYD
VHSDUWHGDHVFRODSRVLWLYD3RUHVVHPRWLYRRVWH[WRVGRVSRVLWLYLVWDVLWDOLDQRVWRUQDPVHYiOLGRVSDUDHVWDSHVTXLVDTXHHPYLDGHSULQFtSLRGHYHULD
FLUFXQVFUHYHUVHjDXWRLPDJHPLVWRpVRPHQWHDRVWH[WRVGH-RmR9LHLUD$
GHFODUDomR GH SHUWHQFLPHQWR WRUQD RV WH[WRV GRV SRVLWLYLVWDV LWDOLDQRV XPD
HVSpFLH GH LQWHUWH[WR TXDOLFDGR (VVD TXDOLFDomR GRV WH[WRV GRV SRVLWLYLVWDV LWDOLDQRV QmR QRV SHUPLWLULD HYLGHQWHPHQWH LGHQWLFDU RV LWDOLDQRV
FRPRQRVVREUDVLOHLURDRSHUDomRLGHQWLWiULDDOLiVPXLWDVYH]HVpGLItFLO
PHVPROHYDQGRHPFRQVLGHUDomRRVWH[WRVGHXPVyDXWRU3RURXWURODGRHP
XPSODQRPHQRVSUHWHQVLRVRHODSRVVLELOLWDXWLOL]DURVWH[WRVLWDOLDQRVFRPR
XPD HVSpFLH GH FULWpULR GH PHGLGD SRUTXH -RmR 9LHLUD FHUWDPHQWH WLQKD
FRQKHFLPHQWRGHVVDVXQLGDGHVGHPHGLGD
1HVVHSRQWRUHWRUQDDRSURVFrQLRXPWHPDWUDGLFLRQDOtVVLPRGDKLVWRULRJUDDMXUtGLFRSHQDORSUREOHPDGRELQ{PLRHVFRODFOiVVLFDversus escola
SRVLWLYD2WUDGLFLRQDOELQ{PLRUHWRUQDSRUTXHRVHOHPHQWRVTXHRVSRVLWLYLVWDVFRQVLGHUDYDPSRUWDGRUHVGHVLJQLFDWLYDQRYLGDGHQDVVXDVWHRULDV
HUDP IUHTXHQWHPHQWH RV SLODUHV GD FRQVWUXomR GD LGHQWLGDGH GD scuola 2
IDWRTXHDVQRYLGDGHVIRVVHPWRWDOPHQWHDEVRUYLGDVSHORSyORQyV DHVFRODSRVLWLYD QmRpXPGDGRLQyFXR(VVHOXJDUGDVQRYLGDGHVQDHODERUDomRGDVGLIHUHQoDVHQWUHQyVHHOHVUHYHODRHYROXFLRQLVPRGRSHQVDPHQWR
SRVLWLYLVWD  WDOYH] XPD YHUVmR SDUWLFXODU GD UHFRUUHQWH KLHUDUTXL]DomR GDV
GLIHUHQoDV7RGRVHVVHVRXWURVTXHFRQFUHWDPHQWHSRGHULDPVHUFRQWHPSRUkQHRVDRGLVFXUVRSRVLWLYLVWDDSHVDUGHVHUHPFRQVLGHUDGRVH[SUHVV}HVGR
SDVVDGRVmRHQTXDGUDGRHPXPHVTXHPDTXHSURGX]XPDKLHUDUTXLDIXQGDGD QR WHPSR 3RUWDQWR DV SROrPLFDV GRV SRVLWLYLVWDV FRQWUD RV RXWURV
DWUDYpV GR ELQ{PLR HVFROD FOiVVLFD versus HVFROD SRVLWLYD VmR RV OXJDUHV
PDLVDGHTXDGRVSDUDFRPHoDUDEXVFDSHORVHOHPHQWRVFRQVLGHUDGRVQRYRV



SHORVSUySULRVSRVLWLYLVWDVHTXHGHSRLVVHUYLUmRSDUDFRPSUHHQGHUPHOKRUR
SHQVDPHQWRGH-RmR9LHLUD
0DVHVVHELQ{PLRpXPOXJDUFKHLRGHDUPDGLOKDVWHyULFDV8PDGHVVDV DUPDGLOKDV p FRQVLGHUiOR XPD FDWHJRULD KLVWRULRJUiFD VXFLHQWH SDUD
GHVFUHYHUDFXOWXUDMXUtGLFRSHQDOLWDOLDQDRXEUDVLOHLUDGRVpFXOR;,;HLQtFLR
GRVpFXOR;;6HJXQGR0DULR6EULFFROLHOHpLQVXFLHQWHHRVHXXVRUHFRUUHQWHVHULDIUXWRGHXPDLQpUFLDDFUtWLFD1DpSRFDRVDGYHUViULRVGRSRVLWLYLVPRUHIXWDYDPRELQ{PLR /XLJL/XFFKLQLSRUH[HPSOR PDVGHIDWRVHULD
SRVVtYHOGLVFXWLUDWpTXHSRQWRHOHpLQVXFLHQWHVHHTXDLVSRGHULDPVHURV
LQGtFLRVUHOHYDQWHVVREUHDUHDOLGDGHGDFXOWXUDMXUtGLFDGDpSRFDTXHHOHSRGHULDRIHUHFHU22SUySULR0DULR6EULFFROLFKHJDDXWLOL]iORPDVFRPJUDQGH
SUXGrQFLD3'HTXDOTXHUIRUPDDWDUHIDTXHVHSUHWHQGHFXPSULUDTXLQmRpWmR
DPSODDVVLP3DUDRVQVGHVWDSHVTXLVDEDVWDRSODQRGDFRQVWUXomRKLVWyULFD
GHVVD UHSUHVHQWDomR GR VHX modus operandi FRPR GLVSRVLWLYR GH SURGXomR
GHLGHQWLGDGHLGHQWLGDGHFDOFDGDQRHYROXFLRQLVPR&RPWDLVSUHPLVVDVMip
SRVVtYHOGDURVHJXQGRSDVVRVHQGRRELQ{PLRHVFRODFOiVVLFDversus escola
SRVLWLYDROXJDUSRUH[FHOrQFLDGDVDXWRUHSUHVHQWDo}HVLQRYDGRUDVGRSHQVDPHQWRSRVLWLYLVWDpMXVWDPHQWHDOLRPHOKRUSRQWRGHSDUWLGDGRVFULWpULRV
GHPHGLGDSDUDDVXEVHTXHQWHDYDOLDomRGRSHQVDPHQWRGH-RmR9LHLUD

1.1. Escola clssica versus escola positiva: polmica e


disputa identitria
2ELQ{PLRHVFRODFOiVVLFDversusHVFRODSRVLWLYDDSDUHFHGHPDQHLUD
EDVWDQWHFODUDHHVTXHPiWLFDHSRUHVVHPRWLYRDGHTXDGRDRVQRVVRVQV
QRVWH[WRVPDLVSURSDJDQGLVWDVGDscuola-iTXH(QULFR)HUULIRLRSULQFLSDO
SROHPLVWDHSRULVVRRSULQFLSDOFRQVWUXWRUHGLIXVRUGRELQ{PLRDQDOLVHPRVDVXDFRQIHUrQFLDSURIHULGDHPHP1DSROLHPTXHRVREMHWLYRV
SURSDJDQGtVWLFRVVmRH[SOtFLWRVGHVGHDLQWURGXomRGDYHUVmRLPSUHVVD
7HQWHPRVUHWRPDURUHSHWLGRELQ{PLRDWUDYpVGHDOJXPDVRSRVLo}HV
GHVVDFRQIHUrQFLD$HVFRODSRVLWLYDHVWDULDQDVDQWtSRGDVGHXPGLUHLWRFULPLQDOHPVHXVSULQFtSLRVDEVWUDWRV )(55,S HPYH]GDEXVFD
SHODFDXVDGRGHOLWRQDYRQWDGHOLYUHDEXVFDSHODVFDXVDVQDWXUDLVGRGHOLWR
)(55,SSS FRQWUDDLGHLDGRGHOLWRFRPRHQWH
MXUtGLFRDEVWUDWR )(55,S HPTXHRDJHQWHSHUPDQHFHHPOLQKD
VHFXQGiULD )(55,S HPTXHRGHOLQTXHQWHpXPWLSR~QLFR
DEVWUDWRFRUUHVSRQGHQWHjPpGLDGRVRXWURVKRPHQVKRQHVWRV )(55,
S   )HUUL  S  H   SURSXQKD D FHQWUDOLGDGH GR GHOLQTXHQWH R



FULPHFRPRIHQ{PHQRQDWXUDO>@LQGLFDGRUGDSRWrQFLDPDOpFDGHTXHPR
SUDWLFDDVP~OWLSODVYDULHGDGHVDQWURSROyJLFDVGHGHOLQTXHQWHVHSRUWDQWR
DQHFHVVLGDGHGHXPDFODVVLFDomR )(55,SHVHJXLQWHV DRLQYpV
GHSHQDVSURSRUFLRQDLVDRGHOLWRSURYLGrQFLDVGHIHQVLYDVDGDSWDGDVDRGHOLQTXHQWH )(55,SSSHS HRVVXEVWLWXWLYRVSHQDLV
)(55,S DFXVDDHVFRODFOiVVLFDGHWHUFRPRREMHWLYRFHQWUDO
HOLPLQDUDOJXPDVSHQDVHGLPLQXLUWRGDVDVRXWUDVHQTXDQWRDHVFRODSRVLWLYD
GLUHFLRQDULDRVVHXVHVIRUoRVjGLPLQXLomRGRVGHOLWRV )(55,S
HS FRQWUDRDEVWUDWLVPRGDHVFRODFOiVVLFDXPDRULHQWDomRUHDOLVWD )(55,S QROXJDUGHXPDFLrQFLDWHFQLFDPHQWHMXUtGLFDD
VRFLRORJLDFULPLQDO )(55,S XPDSHUVSHFWLYDTXHSDUWLVVH
GRIDWRSDUDDLGHLDHQmRGDLGHLDSDUDRIDWR )(55,S HPVXEVWLWXLomRjUHVSRQVDELOLGDGHOLYUHDUEtWULRRFRQFHLWRGHWHPLELOLGDGH )(55,
SHS HPVXEVWLWXLomRjFXOSDELOLGDGHDDYDOLDomRGRVHIHLWRV
GDQRVRVGDVDo}HV )(55,S QROXJDUGDH[SLDomRDGHIHVDVRFLDO
)(55,S 
3DUD GHVFHU DRV GHWDOKHV GHVVDV RSRVLo}HV H[FHVVLYDPHQWH JHQpULFDVXPGRFXPHQWRLQWHUHVVDQWHSDUDDYDOLDURUHIRUPLVPRSRVLWLYLVWDVmRDV
RSLQL}HVGRVVHXVLQWHJUDQWHVVREUHRVFyGLJRVHSURMHWRVGHFyGLJRVSHQDLV
(VWHVWH[WRVVmRSDUWLFXODUPHQWHLQWHUHVVDQWHVSRUTXHQHVVHVFDVRVRVSRVLWLYLVWDVSUHRFXSDYDPVHHPDYDOLDURVLQVWLWXWRVMXUtGLFRVHPSDUWLFXODUFRQIURQWDQGRRVFRPDVXDSODWDIRUPDGHUHIRUPDVTXDVHVHPSUHHPSHUVSHFWLYD
HYROXFLRQLVWDSURFXUDQGRGHPRQVWUDUDUHFHSomRGDVVXDVLGHLDVDSDUWLUGD
FODVVLFDomRLQX[RVSDUFLDLVversusLGHLDVSDUDRIXWXUR2XVHMDDUWLFXODVH
H[DWDPHQWHDGLPHQVmRTXHVHSUHWHQGHIRFDOL]DUDTXLDGLIHUHQoDHQWUHUHIRUPDVLPHGLDWDVHUHIRUPDVIXWXUDV1DDYDOLDomRGHXPFRQMXQWRGHDUWLJRVGH
OHLWDOFODVVLFDomRWRUQDVHSUDWLFDPHQWHREULJDWyULDQRVHQWLGRTXHVRPHQWH
DVHODERUDo}HVWHyULFDVJHQpULFDVQmREDVWDULDP
(PSUHFLVDPHQWHRDQRGRSULPHLURSURMHWRGHFyGLJRSHQDOGH
-RmR9LHLUD(QULFR)HUULSXEOLFDXPFRPHQWiULRVREUHRSURMHWRGHFyGLJR
SHQDOVXtoRGH&DUO6WRRVVTXHpFRQVLGHUDGRXPSRQWRGHSDVVDJHPLPSRUWDQWH QD KLVWyULD GDV FRGLFDo}HV SHQDLV VXEVWDQFLDOPHQWH SRUTXH UHJXODYD
H[SOLFLWDPHQWHRVSURYLPHQWRVGHVHJXUDQoD7DPEpPQR%UDVLORLQX[R
GRSURMHWRVXtoRQRSURMHWRGHPDVSULQFLSDOPHQWHDSDUWLUGH
VHUiVHPSUHOHPEUDGRSHORVFRGLFDGRUHVEUDVLOHLURVFRPRXPPRPHQWRGH
YLUDGDLPSRUWDQWH-RmR9LHLUDSRUpPDSHVDUGHFRQKHFHURSURMHWR6WRRVVHR
FRPHQWiULRGH(QULFR)HUUL $5$-2S QmRVHGHEUXoRXVREUHR
SUREOHPDGDVPHGLGDVGHVHJXUDQoDTXDQGRIH]UHIHUrQFLDDHVWHVGRLVWH[WRV



2SURMHWR6WRRVVVHJXQGR)HUULHUDXPGRFXPHQWRGHWUDQVLomRHQWUH
DHVFRODFOiVVLFDHDHVFRODSRVLWLYD$LQGDFOiVVLFRSRUTXHIXQGDGRHP
XPDLGHLDGHVLPSOLFLGDGHOHJLVODWLYDTXHUHFRUULDDRWLSR~QLFRHDEVWUDWRGH
GHOLQTXHQWH  H[DWDPHQWH D FDUDFWHUtVWLFD VXEOLQKDGD SRU *LRYDQQL7DUHOOR
FRPRRIXQGDPHQWRGDVLPSOLFDomRGRVFyGLJRVPRGHUQRV0DVRREMHWLYR
GH)HUULHUDGHPRQVWUDURLQX[RGDVLGHLDVSRVLWLYLVWDVQHVVHSURMHWRLVWRp
LGHQWLFDURVLQDOGRIXWXURGDOHQWDHJUDGXDORWHPDGRJUDGXDOLVPR
HQFRQWUDUHPRVWDPEpPHP-RmR9LHLUDHYROXomRGRGLUHLWRSHQDOQDGLUHomR
GRSRVLWLYLVPR(QWmRDDYDOLDomRIHUULDQDFULWLFDDVUHPLQLVFrQFLDVFOiVVLFDVGRSURMHWRDUPDQGRTXDOGHYHULDVHUDWHQGrQFLDSRVLWLYLVWDLQGLFDRV
WUDoRVSRVLWLYLVWDVGRSURMHWRDOJXPDVYH]HVLQGLFDQGRWDPEpPRGHVHQYROYLPHQWRXOWHULRUGHVHMiYHOGHXPSRQWRGHYLVWDSRVLWLYLVWD7RGRVHVVHVDVSHFWRVIRUDPFRPSLODGRVQDWDEHODDEDL[R PDVSDUDFRPSOHWDUDOJXQVDVSHFWRV
IRLQHFHVViULRUHFRUUHUDRXWURVWH[WRVSRVLWLYLVWDV 
Clssico

Na direo do
positivo

Positivo

3HQD

0HGLGDVGHVHJXUDQoD

6DQomR

$omRSULYDGD

([SDQVmRGDDomR
S~EOLFD

$omRS~EOLFD

5HWURDWLYLGDGHGDOHL
PDLVIDYRUiYHODRUpX

,QLPSXWDELOLGDGH
DEVROXWDDEDL[RGRV
anos

3RVVLELOLGDGHGHSHQD
DEDL[RGRVDQRV

)yUPXODGD
LQLPSXWDELOLGDGHFRP
base em casos clnicos

)yUPXODGD
LQLPSXWDELOLGDGHHP
termos mais amplos

6HPLUUHVSRQVDELOLGDGH

3RVVLELOLGDGHGH
OLEHUDomRGRORXFR
FULPLQRVR

,PSRVVLELOLGDGH
GHOLEHUDomRGR
ORXFRFULPLQRVR
0DQLF{PLRVFULPLQDLV

'ROR LQWHQomR
YRQWDGHFRQVFLrQFLD

'ROR LQWHQomR
vontade/escopo

,UUHWURDWLYLGDGHH[FHWR
nos casos de lei criadora
de delito

,UUHOHYkQFLDGD
LQLPSXWDELOLGDGH
6HPLUUHVSRQVDELOLGDGH
,PSRVVLELOLGDGHGH
OLEHUDomRGHTXDOTXHU
LQGLYtGXRFRQVLGHUDGR
SHULJRVR



Clssico

Na direo do
positivo

Positivo

DLJQRUkQFLDGDOHLQmR
H[FXVD

$LJQRUkQFLDGDOHLSRGH
VHUXPDGLULPHQWHRX
H[FXVDQWH



2VDWRVSUHSDUDWyULRV
QmRVmRSXQtYHLV

2VDWRVSUHSDUDWyULRV
SRGHPVHUSXQtYHLV



'LVWLQomRREMHWLYDHQWUH
RVSDUWtFLSHVGHXP
delito

'LVWLQomRVXEMHWLYDHQWUH
RVSDUWtFLSHVGHXP
GHOLWR SHULFXORVLGDGH



,QDFHLWDELOLGDGHGH
TXDOTXHUH[FHVVRGH
OHJtWLPDGHIHVD



/LEHUDomRFRQGLFLRQDO



5HVVDUFLPHQWRGRGDQR
FRPRREMHWRGRGLUHLWR
penal



&ULPHVGHDPHDoDFRPR
GLVSRVLWLYRGHSUHYHQomR



$JUDYDQWHVHDWHQXDQWHV
tendencialmente
REMHWLYDV

$JUDYDQWHVHDWHQXDQWHV
tendencialmente
VXEMHWLYDV



,QH[LVWrQFLDGH
FLUFXQVWkQFLDV
DWHQXDQWHV SHQDPpGLD

,QH[LVWrQFLDGH
FLUFXQVWkQFLDV
DWHQXDQWHV SHQDDFLPD
GDPpGLD



&iOFXORGDSULVmR
preventiva na pena

&iOFXORGDSULVmR
preventiva na pena



&RQGHQDomRFRQGLFLRQDO

,PSRVVtYHODSOLFDUD
FRQGHQDomRFRQGLFLRQDO
HPXPDMXVWLoDFULPLQDO
FOiVVLFD

$FHLWDELOLGDGHGHDOJXQV
FDVRVGHH[FHVVRGH
OHJtWLPDGHIHVD

5HVVDUFLPHQWRGRGDQR
HQWUHDVFRQGLo}HVGD
OLEHUDomR
5HVVDUFLPHQWRGRGDQR
FRPRREMHWRGRGLUHLWR
penal

Tabela I: &OiVVLFRversus3RVLWLYR



/HJtWLPDGHIHVDFRPR
direito ilimitado do
FLGDGmRKRQHVWR

5HVVDUFLPHQWRGRGDQR
WDPEpPFRPRREULJDomR
do Estado

1.2. A cincia jurdico-penal como controle racional do


direito vigente
$SHQDOtVWLFDFLYLOLWDOLDQDGRVpFXOR;,;SDUDXVDUDH[SUHVVmRGH
0DULR6EULFFROLQmRDVVXPLXXPDGDVSULQFLSDLVFRQVHTXrQFLDVGDLGHLDGH
FRGLFDomRPRGHUQDQRSODQRGRSHQVDPHQWRMXUtGLFRLVWRpDUHGXomRGD
FLrQFLDMXUtGLFDjH[HJHVHGRVWH[WRVOHJDLV$FHQWUDOLGDGHGRGLUHLWRSRVLWLYR
QDDSOLFDomRMXGLFLDORSULQFtSLRGDOHJDOLGDGHHUDPLGHLDVLQGLVSHQViYHLV
SRUpPLVVRQmRVLJQLFDULDQHFHVVDULDPHQWHDVVXPLUDH[HJHVHGRVWH[WRVOHJDLVFRPRDRSHUDomRSRUH[FHOrQFLDGDFLrQFLDMXUtGLFRSHQDO2HPSHQKR
FLYLOVXEOLQKDGRSRU6EULFFROL >@ FRPRRFRUDomRGHVWDWUDGLomR
MXUtGLFRSHQDOLWDOLDQDGRVpFXOR;,;DFRQVFLrQFLDGDSROLWLFLGDGHGHTXDOTXHURSomRGRJPiWLFDH[HUFLWDYDVHH[DWDPHQWHDWUDYpVGRSODQRPHWDSRVLWLYRKHUGDGRGRPRGRGHUDFLRFLQDUVREUHRSUREOHPDSHQDOGR,OXPLQLVPR
GRVpFXOR;9,,,8PDSRVWXUDTXHVHIRUPDYDQROmRGHFLrQFLDMXUtGLFD
QmRVRPHQWHSHQDOTXHWHQWDYDIXQGDUVHQDGLVWLQomRHQWUHOHLHGLUHLWR$
FLrQFLDMXUtGLFRSHQDOFRPRVLVWHPiWLFRFRQWUROHGHUDFLRQDOLGDGHGRGLUHLWR
YLJHQWHQXQFDLGHQWLFDGDFRPDVOHLVSRVLWLYDV$LGHLDGHXPSHULJRVR
UHIRUPLVPRTXH$UWXUR5RFFRQDVXDIDPRVDDXODLQDXJXUDOHP6DVVDULGH
DWULEXLUijWUDGLomRTXHRSUHFHGLDQDVFLDH[DWDPHQWHGDLQVDWLVIDomR
FRQWUDHVWHSODQRPHWDSRVLWLYR
2UHIRUPLVPRHDKHUDQoDLOXPLQLVWDGRLVDVSHFWRVTXHPHUHFHP
XPLQVWDQWHDPDLVGHDWHQomR1DFRQVWUXomRKLVWRULRJUiFDVEULFFROLDQDTXH
UHVXOWRXQDH[SUHVVmRSHQDOtVWLFDFLYLORVWHPDVGHUHIRUPDLOXPLQLVWDVVmR
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