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Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

DESIGN OF FOOTING 6 (SQUARE)

FRAME H

SUPPORT NO. 4 Designer: RAYMOND JAMES G. DELABAJAN

Limitation of footing width Breadth Soil bearing capacity, Steel strength, Concrete strength, Unit weight soil, Unit
Limitation of footing width Breadth Soil bearing capacity, Steel strength, Concrete strength, Unit weight soil, Unit

Limitation of footing width Breadth

Soil bearing capacity, Steel strength, Concrete strength, Unit weight soil, Unit weight concrete, Dead load force, Live load force, Dead load moment, Live load moment, Earthquake moment,, Embedment of footing, Concrete cover Size of main bars

Load Factored:

Column size :

P DL = P LL =

Width

M DL = M LL = M EL = Ɣconc M EL Ɣsoil 41.9 MDL mm.
M DL = M LL = M EL = Ɣconc M EL Ɣsoil 41.9 MDL mm.
M DL = M LL = M EL = Ɣconc M EL Ɣsoil 41.9 MDL mm.
M DL =
M LL =
M EL =
Ɣconc
M EL
Ɣsoil
41.9
MDL
mm.
MLL
PDL
426
200
105
PLL
1.4
1.7
24
qa
75
16
16
f'c
fy
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
z
2
2
DESIGN VALUES kN/cu.m. kN/cu.m. %P DL P LL = kN.m. mm. mm. kPa 1.3 1.1 1.1

DESIGN VALUES

kN/cu.m. kN/cu.m. %P DL P LL = kN.m. mm. mm. kPa 1.3 1.1 1.1 kN 75
kN/cu.m.
kN/cu.m.
%P DL
P LL =
kN.m.
mm.
mm.
kPa
1.3
1.1
1.1
kN
75
m.
m.
746.35
P =
kN
L
kN/cu.m. kN/cu.m. %P DL P LL = kN.m. mm. mm. kPa 1.3 1.1 1.1 kN 75

Design of footing is :

345 MPa

27.5 MPa

320 kN

62.8 kN.m.

400 mm.

400 mm.

ssume thickness of footing (t) = 400

Solve for L using calculator, 3rd degree equation

Solve for L using calculator, 3rd degree equation m. m.
m. m.
m.
m.
a = 164.80 b = 0 c = -746.35 d = -1256.46
a = 164.80
b = 0
c = -746.35
d = -1256.46
L = say Length = 2.71 2.8
L =
say Length =
2.71
2.8
L = say Length = 2.71 2.8

(From Calculator)

Limitation of footing width Breadth Soil bearing capacity, Steel strength, Concrete strength, Unit weight soil, Unit
Limitation of footing width Breadth Soil bearing capacity, Steel strength, Concrete strength, Unit weight soil, Unit
 
   

SUMMARY

 

Footing Size:

Steel Requirements

Width =

2.8

m.

long direction 1 =

22

16

mm. Ø RSB spa

Length =

2.8

m.

long direction 2 =

22

16

mm. Ø RSB spa

Thickness =

400

mm.

Embedment =

2

m.

Minimum development length =

 

331.20

mm.

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

SOLUTION: Effective depth of footing: Effective soil bearing capacity: (d) = 301 mm. qe = 165
SOLUTION:
Effective depth of footing:
Effective soil bearing capacity:
(d) =
301
mm.
qe =
165
kPa
say
301
mm.
Dimension of footing:
Ultimate soil pressure (qu):
P TOTAL
=
746.35
kN
M TOTAL
=
209.41
Kn.m.
Pu = 1140.8
Mu = 242.92
kN
kN
Solve for L using calculator, 3rd degree equation
-211.9
kPa
(compress
a = 164.8
b = 0
qu max =
qu min =
-79.12
kPa
(compress
c = -746.35
d = -1256.46
L =
say Length =
2.71
m.
2.8
m.
Soil pressures are all in tension
No need to compute for new length.
e =
0.281
m.
Length 1
=
2.754
m.
2P
Length 2
=
-2.193
m.
a =
qe b
Use Length=
say Length =
2.754
m.
L/2 = e + a/3
2.8
m.
L^2 - 2eL - (4P/3qe) = 0
a =
1
qu max = -211.91
kPa
b = -0.5611576
qu min =
-79.12
kPa
c = -6.0384304
Use Length
Use ultimate soil pressure
L =
2.8
m.
qu max = -211.91
kPa
qu min =
-
INVESTIGATE THE ADEQUACY OF ASSUMED
based on wide-beam shear:
0.4
Assumed d =
y =
301
mm.
0.301
90.154
kPa
z =
169.28
kPa
79.12

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

 

Vu = 479.762364 kN ɸ Vc = 626.121402 kN

 

1.901

 

ɸ Vc

>

Vu

(OK)

2.8

 
 
 

Based on punching shear

   

0.701

 

0.4

y1 =

49.77

kPa

z1 =

128.89

kPa

y2 =

83.02

kPa

z2 =

162.14

kPa

Vu = 1069.34234 kPa ɸ Vc = 1254.03172 kPa

 
 

79.1219206

 

ɸ Vc

>

Vu

(OK)

 

1.05

 

1.75

 

2.8

 
   

STEEL REQUIREMENTS

 

d =

301

mm.

b =

2800

mm.

y =

75.880

kPa

z =

155.00

kPa

0.4

Mu

= 388.969426 kN.m.

 

1.2

0.59w -w +

Mu ɸf'c b d^2

= 0

ɸf'c b d^2 =

6.28E+09

0.59w -w + 6.20E-02

= 0

79.1219206

w 1 = 1.6305 w 2 = 0.0644

 

1.60

use w = 0.0644

 

2.8

ρ = 0.00513317 ρ min = 0.00405797 ρ max = 0.02742409

 
 

Number of bars using

16

mm. Ø RSB

use ρ = 0.0051332

 

# bars =

21.52

bars

 

Say

22

Bars

 

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

 

As = 4326.2333 mm^2

 

Development length:

 

Ld 1 =

264.6

mm.

Ld 2 =

331.2

mm.

Use Ld =

331.2

mm.

 

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

 
   
 

M=

209.41

kN.m.

M DL =

50

% M

M LL =

30

% M

M EL =

20

% M

 

L

 
 

SAFE

 
 
 
 
   

ced @

125

mm. o.c.

ced @

125

mm. o.c.

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

ion) ion) 79.12 kPa d 0.899
ion)
ion)
79.12
kPa
d
0.899

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

 

132.79

 
 

211.91

 
 

1.05

132.79

 
 

211.91

 
   
 

132.79

 

211.91

Spacing of bars

 

s = 125.428571 mm.

say

125

mm. o.c.

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

DESIGN OF FOOTING 4 (RECTANGULAR)

FRAME H

SUPPORT NO. 1

Designer: RAYMOND JAMES G. DELABAJAN

DESIGN VALUES Concrete cover Size of main bars Limitation of footing width Breadth ssume depth of
DESIGN VALUES Concrete cover Size of main bars Limitation of footing width Breadth ssume depth of
DESIGN VALUES Concrete cover Size of main bars Limitation of footing width Breadth ssume depth of
DESIGN VALUES Concrete cover Size of main bars Limitation of footing width Breadth ssume depth of

DESIGN VALUES

Concrete cover Size of main bars Limitation of footing width Breadth ssume depth of footing (t
Concrete cover
Size of main bars
Limitation of footing width
Breadth
ssume depth of footing (t
Soil bearing capacity,
Steel strength,
Concrete strength,
Unit weight soil,
Unit weight concrete,
Dead load force,
Live load force,
Dead load moment,
Live load moment,
Earthquake moment,,
Embedment of footing,
LOAD FACTOR:
Column size :
400 mm.
400 mm.
27.5 MPa
kN/cu.m.
kN/cu.m.
M DL =
M LL =
M EL =
P DL =
P LL =
Width
Ɣconc
kN.m.
kN.m.
kN.m.
M EL
Ɣsoil
MDL
47.7
31.8
79.5
mm.
mm.
mm.
MLL
PDL
MPa
400
200
268
345
201
PLL
kPa
1.4
1.3
1.7
1.1
1.1
24
kN
kN
qa
75
16
16
m.
m.
f'c
fy
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
z
2
2

Design of footing is :

SAFE

Concrete cover Size of main bars Limitation of footing width Breadth ssume depth of footing (t
2 m. 75 %P DL P LL = P = 468.47 kN
2 m.
75
%P DL
P LL =
P =
468.47
kN
2 m. 75 %P DL P LL = P = 468.47 kN
2 m. 75 %P DL P LL = P = 468.47 kN
 
   

SUMMARY

 

Footing Size:

Width =

2

m.

Length =

2.6

m.

Thickness =

400

mm.

Embedment =

2

m.

Steel Requirements:

# Bars along long direction =

14

16

mm.Ø RSB spaced @

125

mm. o.c

# Bars along short direction =

17

16

mm.Ø RSB spaced @

152

mm. o.c

# Bars at center band =

15

16

mm.Ø RSB spaced @

# Bars along outer strip =

1

16

mm.Ø RSB spaced @

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

Minimum development length = 331.20 mm. SOLUTION: Effective depth of footing: Effective soil bearing capacity: (d)
Minimum development length =
331.20
mm.
SOLUTION:
Effective depth of footing:
Effective soil bearing capacity:
(d) =
301
mm.
qe =
164.8
kPa
say
301
mm.
Dimension of footing:
Ultimate soil pressure (qu):
Width (b) =
2
m.
Pu =
716.09
kN
P TOTAL
=
468.47
kN
Mu =
184.44
kN
M TOTAL
=
159
Kn.m.
-219.56 kPa
(compre
Length 1
=
2.554
m.
qu max =
qu min =
-55.858 kPa
(compre
Length 2
=
-1.133
m.
Use Length=
2.554
m.
say
2.6
m.
INVESTIGATE THE ADEQUACY OF ASSUMED d
based on wide-beam shear:
0.4
Assumed d =
301
mm.
0.301
y =
113.397
kPa
z =
169.25
kPa
55.86
Vu = 310.663805 kN
ɸ Vc = 447.229573 kN
1.801
ɸ Vc
>
Vu
(OK)
2.6
Based on punching shear
0.701
0.4
y1 =
59.78
kPa
z1 =
115.64
kPa
y2 =
103.92
kPa
z2 =
159.78
kPa
Vu = 648.419228 kPa
ɸ Vc = 1254.03172 kPa

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

55.8575169 ɸ Vc > Vu (OK) 0.95 1.65 2.6 STEEL REQUIREMENTS Along long direction: d =
55.8575169
ɸ Vc
>
Vu
(OK)
0.95
1.65
2.6
STEEL REQUIREMENTS
Along long direction:
d =
301
mm.
b =
2000
mm.
y =
94.445
kPa
z =
150.30
kPa
0.4
Mu = 237.734965 kN.m.
1.1
0.59w -w +
Mu
ɸf'c b d^2
= 0
ɸf'c b d^2 =
4.48E+09
0.59w -w + 5.30E-02
55.8575169
w 1 = 1.6401
w 2 = 0.0548
1.50
use w = 0.0548
2.6
ρ = 0.00436653
ρ min = 0.00405797
ρ max = 0.02742409
Number of bars using
16
mm. Ø
use ρ
= 0.0043665
# bars =
13.07
bars
Say
14
Bars
As = 2628.6534 mm^2
Along shortdirection:
d =
317
mm.
b =
2600.0
mm.
Fu
=
286.44
kN
2.6 m.
Mu =
114.57
kN.m.
0.59w -w +
Mu
ɸf'c b d^2
= 0
ɸf'c b d^2 = 6.47E+09
0.59w -w + 1.77E-02
w 1 = 1.6770
w 2 = 0.0179
use w = 0.0179
219.6 m.

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

ρ = 0.0014274 ρ min = 0.00405797 ρ max = 0.02742409 use ρ = 0.00405797 0.8
ρ = 0.0014274
ρ min = 0.00405797
ρ max = 0.02742409
use ρ = 0.00405797
0.8 m.
Number of bars usin
16
mm. Ø RSB
# = 16.6346
As = 3344.57971 mm^2
Say
17
bars
Distribution of Bars:
Development length:
β = 1.300
Ld 1 =
Ld 2 =
264.6
mm.
331.2
mm.
# center band = 14.78 bars
say
15
bars
Use Ld =
331.2
mm.
bars across
Furnished Ld =
725
>
1
bar
outer strip

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

 
   
 
 

M=

159.00

kN.m.

M DL =

50

% M

M

LL =

30

% M

M

EL =

20

% M

 

L

 
 
Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology M=

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

ssion) ssion) 0.799 219.56 0.95 163.7
ssion)
ssion)
0.799
219.56
0.95
163.7

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

163.70 219.56 163.70 219.56 Spacing of bars s = 125.07692 mm. say 125 mm. 2 m.
163.70
219.56
163.70
219.56
Spacing of bars
s = 125.07692 mm.
say
125
mm.
2 m.
55.858

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

Spacing of bars

   

s =

152.125

mm.

say

152

mm.o.c.

 
 
 

331.2 (OK)

 
 

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

DESIGN OF FOOTING 5 (COMBINED)

FRAME H

SUPPORT NO. 2 & 3 Designer: RAYMOND JAMES G. DELABAJAN

 
   

DESIGN VALUES

 

Soil bearing capacity,

qa

=

200

kPa

Steel strength,main

fy

=

345

MPa

Steel strength,secondary

fy

=

275

Mpa

Concrete strength,

f'c

=

27.5

MPa

C1

Unit weight soil,

Ɣconc

=

16

kN/cu.m.

P =

514.23

kN

 

Unit weight concrete,

Ɣsoil

=

24

kN/cu.m.

M=

229.01

kN.m.

Dead load force,

PDL 1

=

293.8457 kN

Live load force,

PLL 1

=

220.4

kN

P LL =

75

%P DL

Dead load moment,

MDL 1

=

114.505 kN.m.

 

Live load moment,

MLL 1

=

68.703

kN.m.

Earthquake moment,,

M EL 1

45.802

kN.m.

Dead load force,

PDL 2

=

604.1543 kN

Live load force,

PLL 2

=

453.1157 kN

Dead load moment,

MDL 2

=

98.095

kN.m.

P =

Live load moment,

MLL 2

=

58.857

kN.m.

Xg

Earthquake moment,,

Column 1 size :

M EL 2

39.238

kN.m.

Embedment of footing,

z

=

2

m.

Concrete cover

=

75

mm.

Size of main bars

=

25

mm.

Temperature bars

=

16

mm.

Breadth

=

400

mm.

Width

=

400

mm.

1.00

3

Breadth

=

400

mm.

Column 2 size :

Width

=

400

mm.

4

Space between columns

=

3

m.

Extension of footing from column

=

1

m.

Load Factored:

P DL =

1.4

M DL =

1.1

P LL =

1.7

M LL =

1.3

 

M EL =

1.1

Assume thickness of footing (t)

=

700

mm.

Design of footing is :

 
 
 
 
   

SUMMARY

 

Footing Size:

Steel Requirements

Width =

1.5

m.

Top bars (Long direction) =

8

25

mm. Ø RSB spa

Length =

6.6

m.

ottom bars(long direction)=

13

25

mm. Ø RSB spa

Thickness =

700

mm.

Bars (short direction) =

5

25

mm. Ø RSB spa

Embedment =

2

m.

Temperature bars =

7

16

mm. Ø RSB spa

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

   

Minimum development length

=

242.64 mm.

(Hook is n

 
 
   

SOLUTION:

 
 

Effective depth of footing:

   

Effective soil bearing capacity:

 

(d) =

612.5

mm.

qe =

162.40

kPa

say

613

mm.

Dimension of footing:

   

Ultimate soil pressure (qu):

 

P1 TOTAL =

=

514.2

kN

Pu 1 = 786.037

kN

M1 TOTAL

P1 TOTAL =

229.01

1057.27

Kn.m.

kN

Pu 2 = 1616.11

kN

M1 TOTAL =

196.19

Kn.m.

qu =

242.64

kPa

P total =

1571.5

Area required

 

Size:

 

Lw = 9.6767241 m^2

L = 2 Xg =

6.6

m.

Locate the centroid of footing:

w =

1.47

m.

Xg =

3.29

m.

say

1.5

m.

say Xg =

3.3

m.

 
   

INVESTIGATE THE ADEQUACY OF ASSUMED d

 
 

Based on punching shear

   
 

6.6

 

0.8

0.4

2.6

0.4

 

0.55

1.5

0.4

1.013

0.55

1.013

1.013

 

0.613

0.613

0.613

0.6

Column 1:

Column 2:

bo =

4.052

m

bo =

4.052

m.

=

4052

mm

=

4052

mm.

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

 

Vu =

537.046 kN

 

Vu = 1367.122

kN

ɸ Vc = 3690.5741 kN

ɸ Vc = 3690.574

kN

ɸ Vc

>

Vu

(OK)

ɸ Vc

>

Vu

(OK)

 
 
 

based on wide-beam shear:

   

Vu 1 =

-126.174

kN

= Vu 2 = 373.90999 kN

126.174

kN

 

Max Vu = ɸ Vc =

650.4

683.1

kN

kN

=

373.910

kN

ɸ Vc

>

Vu

(OK)

Vu 3 =

-650.400

kN

=

650.400

kN

 
   

STEEL REQUIREMENTS

 

Along long direction:

   

6.6

w1 =

1965.09

kN/m

w2 =

4040.28

kN/m

0.80

0.4

2.6

0.4

wu =

363.96

kN/m

V 0 =

0

0.55

 

Va =

291.17

Vb =

-349.28

Vd =

597.02

1.5

0.4

Ve =

-873.51

Vend =

0

0.55

x1 = 0.1818525 x2 = 0.2181475 x3 = 0.9596678 x4 = 1.6403322 x5 = 0.1623958 x6 = 0.2376042

 

0.80

1965.09

kN/m

2.6

4040.28

Ma = 116.46788 Mb = 104.84527

a

b

c

d

e

Mc

= 53.715444

Md

= 1103.509

Me = 1048.2109

 

ρ min =

0.004058

0

x1

x2

x3

x4

x5

x6

ρ max = 0.0274241

 

Section

a

b

c

d

 

e

 

Mu

116.47

104.85

53.72

1103.51

1048.21

ɸ

0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

 

0.90

d

613.00

613.00

613.00

613.00

613.00

b

1500.00

1500.00

1500.00

1500.00

1500.00

f'c

27.50

27.50

27.50

27.50

 

27.50

fy

345.00

345.00

345.00

345.00

345.00

Mu ɸf'c b d^2

0.00835

 
  • 0.00752 0.00385

 
  • 0.07910 0.07514

w

0.00839

 
  • 0.00755 0.00386

 
  • 0.08318 0.07880

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

 

ρ

0.00067

0.00060

  • 0.00031 0.00663

   

0.00628

 

Use ρ =

0.004058

0.00406

  • 0.00406 0.00663

   

0.00628

As = ρbd

3731.30

3731.30

  • 3731.30 6096.90

   

5775.68

Number bars

7.60

7.60

7.60

12.42

 

11.77

25

Use N =

8

8

8

13

 

12

Spacing

189

189

189

110

 

120

Location

Bottom

Bottom

Bottom

Bottom

 

Bottom

 
 
 

Along shortdirection:

 
786.04 0.55 0.4 0.55 1.5
786.04
0.55
0.4
0.55
1.5

kN

 

1616 kN

0.55

 

400

0.5

 

1.5

Column 1

Column 2

d =

588

mm.

d =

588

mm.

b1 =

859.75

mm.

b2 =

860

mm.

wu

208.61

kN/m

wu 208.61 kN/m

 

Mu =

31.55

Kn.m

Mu =

31.55

Kn.m

Section

a

b

 

Mu

31.55

31.6

ɸ

0.90

0.9

 

Development length:

 

d

588.00

588

Ld 1 =

645.9

mm.

b

859.75

859.8

Ld 2 =

517.5

mm.

f'c

27.50

27.5

 

fy

345.00

345

 

Use Ld =

645.88

mm.

Mu ɸf'c b d^2

0.00429

0.0043

Min Ld furnished =

475

<

6

w

0.00430

0.0043

 
(
(

ρ

0.00034

0.0003

 

Use ρ =

0.00406

0.0041

 

Shrinkage and temperature bars:

As = ρbd

2051.44

2051.4

using b =

1000

mm.

Number bars

   

Ast =

1400

mm.^2

25

4.18

4.18

 

Use N =

5

5

 

N bars =

6.96

bars

Spacing

146

146

say N =

7

bars

Location

Bottom

Bottom

 
 

Spacing of Bars

 

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

 

s =

123

mm.

 

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

 
   
 

C2

 

P =

1057.27

kN

M=

196.19

kN.m.

M DL =

50

% M

M

LL =

30

% M

M

EL =

20

% M

1571.5

 
 

SAFE

 
 
 
 
   

ced @

189

mm.o.c

ced @

110

mm.o.c

ced @

146

mm.o.c

ced @

123

mm.o.c

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

eeded) 2.4 13 1.013 0.55 0.4 0.55
eeded)
2.4
13
1.013
0.55
0.4
0.55

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

   
 
 
   
 
   

2.4

 

0.55

0.4

0.55

kN/m

2.4

w = 363.96

kN/m

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

5 45.88 (NOT OK) Hook is needed)
5
45.88
(NOT OK)
Hook is needed)

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology

Northwest Samar State University - Main Campus Calbayog City College of Engineering and Industrial Technology