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PARTE 1: planta de vapor com um regenerador aberto e outro fechado,

turbina de dois estgios, reaquecimento e trs bombas.

{Dados de entrada}
T_5 = 220 [C]
T_9 = 600 [C]
T_11 = 600 [C]
P_9 = 14 [Mpa]
P_10 = 4 [Mpa]
P_12 = 0,5 [Mpa]
P_13 = 0,01 [Mpa]
x_6 = 0
eta_t = 0,8
eta_b = 0,7
m_dot = 120 [kg/s]
{Hipteses para o ciclo}
x_1 = 0
x_3 = 0
{Presses do sistema = 4 no total}
P_2 = P_12

P_3 = P_12
P_6 = P_10
P_11 = P_10
P_1 = P_13
P_4 = P_9
P_5 = P_9
P_7 = P_9
P_8 = P_9
{Ponto 9}
h_9 = Enthalpy(Steam;T=T_9;P=P_9)
s_9 = Entropy(Steam;T=T_9;P=P_9)
{Ponto 10}
s_10s = s_9
h_10s = Enthalpy(Steam;s=s_10s;P=P_10)
eta_t = ( h_9 - h_10 )/( h_9 - h_10s )
T_10 =Temperature(Steam;h=h_10;P=P_10)
s_10 = Entropy(Steam;h=h_10;P=P_10)
{Ponto 11}
h_11 = Enthalpy(Steam;T=T_11;P=P_11)
s_11 = Entropy(Steam;T=T_11;P=P_11)
{Ponto 12}
s_12s = s_11
h_12s = Enthalpy(Steam;s=s_12s;P=P_12)
eta_t = ( h_11 - h_12 )/( h_11 - h_12s )
T_12 =Temperature(Steam;h=h_12;P=P_12)
s_12 = Entropy(Steam;h=h_12;P=P_12)
{Ponto 13}
s_13s = s_12
h_13s = Enthalpy(Steam;s=s_13s;P=P_13)
eta_t = ( h_12 - h_13 )/( h_12 - h_13s )
T_13 =Temperature(Steam;h=h_13;P=P_13)
s_13 = Entropy(Steam;h=h_13;P=P_13)
{Ponto 1}
h_1 = Enthalpy(Steam;x=x_1;P=P_1)
s_1 = Entropy(Steam;h=h_1;P=P_1)
T_1 =Temperature(Steam;h=h_1;P=P_1)
{Ponto 2}
s_2s = s_1
h_2s = Enthalpy(Steam;s=s_2s;P=P_2)
eta_b = ( h_2s - h_1 )/( h_2 - h_1 )
T_2 =Temperature(Steam;h=h_2;P=P_2)
s_2 = Entropy(Steam;h=h_2;P=P_2)
{Ponto 3}
h_3 = Enthalpy(Steam;x=x_3;P=P_3)
s_3 = Entropy(Steam;h=h_3;P=P_3)
T_3 =Temperature(Steam;h=h_3;P=P_3)
{Ponto 4}
s_4s = s_3
h_4s = Enthalpy(Steam;s=s_4s;P=P_4)
eta_b = ( h_4s - h_3 )/( h_4 - h_3 )
T_4 =Temperature(Steam;h=h_4;P=P_4)

s_4 = Entropy(Steam;h=h_4;P=P_4)
{Ponto 5}
h_5 = Enthalpy(Steam;T=T_5;P=P_5)
s_5 = Entropy(Steam;h=h_5;P=P_5)
{Ponto 6}
h_6 = Enthalpy(Steam;x=x_6;P=P_6)
s_6 = Entropy(Steam;h=h_6;P=P_6)
T_6 =Temperature(Steam;h=h_6;P=P_6)
{Ponto 7}
s_7s = s_6
h_7s = Enthalpy(Steam;s=s_7s;P=P_7)
eta_b = ( h_7s - h_6 )/( h_7 - h_6 )
T_7 =Temperature(Steam;h=h_7;P=P_7)
s_7 = Entropy(Steam;h=h_7;P=P_7)
{Balano de energia nos regeneradores}
y_1*(h_10 - h_6) + (1 - y_1)*(h_4 - h_5) = 0
y_2*h_12 + (1 - y_1 - y_2)*h_2 - (1 - y_1)*h_3 = 0
{Balano de energia na camara de mistura}
(1 - y_1)*h_5 + y_1*h_7 - h_8 = 0
{Ponto 8}
s_8 = Entropy(Steam;h=h_8;P=P_8)
T_8 =Temperature(Steam;h=h_8;P=P_8)
{Aqui, todos os pontos esto termodinamicamente definidos}
{Vazes mssicas em cada ponto}
m_dot_9 = m_dot
m_dot_10 = y_1*m_dot
m_dot_11 = (1 - y_1)*m_dot
m_dot_12 = y_2*m_dot
m_dot_13 = (1 - y_1 - y_2)*m_dot
m_dot_1 = (1 - y_1 - y_2)*m_dot
m_dot_2 = (1 - y_1 - y_2)*m_dot
m_dot_3 = (1 - y_1)*m_dot
m_dot_4 = (1 - y_1)*m_dot
m_dot_5 = (1 - y_1)*m_dot
m_dot_6 = y_1*m_dot
m_dot_7 = y_1*m_dot
m_dot_8 = m_dot
{Trabalho da turbina}
W_dot_t = m_dot*( (h_9 - h_10) + (1 - y_1)*(h_11 - h_12) + (1 - y_1 - y_2)*(h_12 h_13) )
{Calor que sai no condensador}
Q_dot_out = m_dot*(1 - y_1 - y_2)*(h_13 - h_1)
{Calor que entra na caldeira}
Q_dot_in = m_dot*( (h_9 - h_8) + (1 - y_1)*(h_11 - h_10) )
{Trabalho das bombas}
W_dot_b = m_dot*( (1 - y_1 - y_2)*(h_2 - h_1) + (1 - y_1)*(h_4 - h_3) + y_1*(h_7 h_6) )

{Trabalho til}
W_dot_util = W_dot_t - W_dot_b
{Eficincia}
eta = 1 - Q_dot_out/Q_dot_in
{BWR}
bwr = W_dot_b/W_dot_t
{Balano de energia no sistema. Se igual a zero, OK}
ver = Q_dot_in + W_dot_b - W_dot_t - Q_dot_out

Resultados:

Pont
o
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Temperatura
[oC]
45,82
45,88
151,9
154,8
220
250,4
254,1
224
600
420,1
600
339,4
45,82

Presso
[MPa]
0,01
0,5
0,5
14
14
4
14
14
14
4
4
0,5
0,01

Entalpia
[kJ/kg]
191,8
192,5
640,4
661,4
947
1087
1105
965,4
3590
3261
3674
3145
2555

Vazo mssica
[kg/s]
89,97
89,97
106,1
106,1
106,1
13,94
13,94
120
120
13,94
106,1
16,09
89,97

Entropia
[kJ/kgK]
0,6493
0,6499
1,861
1,876
2,497
2,796
2,806
2,534
6,716
6,838
7,369
7,597
8,059

PARTE 2: trocador de calor com ambos os fluidos no misturados.

{Dados}
m_dot_q = 6,5 [kg/s]
m_dot_f = 6,2 [kg/s]
T_q_ent = 700 [K]
T_f_ent = 300 [K]
T_f_sai = 500 [K]
cp = 1040 [J/kg-K]
{Parmetro a ser variado}
U = 100 [W/m^2-K]
{Mtodo NTU}
C_dot_q = cp*m_dot_q
C_dot_f = cp*m_dot_f
C_dot_min = min(C_dot_q;C_dot_f)
C_dot_max = max(C_dot_q;C_dot_f)
C_r = C_dot_min/C_dot_max
q_dot_max = C_dot_min*(T_q_ent - T_f_ent)
q_dot_real = C_dot_f*(T_f_sai - T_f_ent)
epsilon = q_dot_real/q_dot_max
NTU=HX('crossflow_both_unmixed'; epsilon; C_dot_f; C_dot_q; 'NTU')
{Clculo da rea}
NTU = U*A/C_dot_min

Resultados:

Comentrio: conforme a rea do trocador de calor aumentada, a


temperatura de sada do fluido frio tambm aumenta. Ela tende
assintoticamente para uma temperatura mxima de sada quando a rea
infinita, nesse caso de aproximadamente 650 K.