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1. A protocol is a set of agreed rules that control and enable

communication between computers in a network. Protocols establish
rules for transmission of data and error detection. By using the same
protocol, different types of computers can communicate with each
other even though they may be using different operating systems.

2. TCP/IP stands for Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol.

It was developed in the 1960s by the United states Department of
Defence to link computers across the world to maintain connectivity in
the case of another world war. TCP/IP can communicate to any PC
using a desktop or network operating system anywhere in the world as
long as it supports the TCP/IP suite.


3. In computing, a protocol is a set of rules which is used by computers

to communicate with each other across a network. A protocol is a
convention or standard that controls or enables the connection,
communication, and data transfer between computing endpoints. In its
simplest form, a protocol can be defined as the rules governing the
syntax, semantics, and synchronization of communication. Protocols
may be implemented by hardware, software, or a combination of the
two. At the lowest level, a protocol defines the behavior of a
hardware connection.

4. IEEE stands for Institute of Electronics and Electrical
Engineers. ????????