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World History Fall Semester

Ms. Rothweiler

Lap 2


The Greeks

The Ancient Greeks were never part of one united country, though collectively they called
their land Hellas, and themselves Hellenes. They also shared a common language, religion,
culture and history. Ancient Greece included the Greek mainland and islands, and also part
of modern Turkey before the Persians conquered this area. Greece's position in the eastern
Mediterranean meant that throughout its history people, armies, trade goods and ideas
flowed both to and from Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. Greece's rocky and
mountainous interior and its many islands also ensured that the Ancient Greeks were a
seafaring people.
As their population grew, ancient Greeks formed city-states. A city-state had a central city
called a polis. Each city-state had its own form of government and laws. All the city-states
shared a common language, religion, and way of life. Three kinds of government were
common in the Greek city-states. In a few powerful and wealthy
people ruled. Other city-states were ruled by a single person who took control against the
wishes of the people. This kind of government is called a . Some city-states were
democracies. Two of the most important city-states were Athens and Sparta. Athens,
located in the center of the Greek Peninsula, was a democracy. Sparta was in the southern
part of the Greek Peninsula. It was an oligarchy ruled by two kings.
The ancient Greeks were known for their great literature, learning, and architecture. Plays
are among the finest pieces of literature from ancient Greece. Ancient Greece had several
important thinkers, of whom Socrates, Plato and Aristotle were most renown. Socrates
taught about knowledge, friendship, and justice and Plato
wrote about government, mathematics, and astronomy.
The city-states of ancient Greece were not unified except in their various defense leagues;
warfare was part of ancient Greek life. In particular Sparta and Athens vied for control of
the peninsula. Eventually every Greek city-state was conquered by King Phillip II of
Macedonia. After Phillip died, his son, Alexander the Great, took control. Alexander
expanded the empire as far east as India taking with him the Greek culture, language and

The civilization of ancient Greece flowered more than 2500 years ago, but the ideas of the
ancient Greeks continue to influence the way we live today. The Ancient Greeks' legacy to
us is enormous, ranging from philosophy to architecture, from word roots to drama, from
education to history, and from science to democracy. The Ancient Greeks were great
thinkers and inquirers and fortunately wrote down their theories, poems, plays,
investigations, experiments and histories: they have left us many and varied texts as well
as a rich architectural and archaeological heritage. Their debates among themselves
about the best form of government, their ideas about citizenship and their philosophical

LAP Two Essential Questions

How do physical and human geography affect people, places and regions?

What makes a civilization classical?

Was classical democracy democratic?

Is a democracy a better system of government?

What is the major contribution of Greece to western civilization


Ms. Deb Rothweiler, drothweiler@iwacademy.org

LAP Information
LAP 2/Classical Civilizations Greece
Materials needed for LAP:
Use of Internet if you have a device bring to class
Materials for selected project
Online resources

LAP Objectives: Upon Completion of this LAP students will be able


Discuss the P-E-R-S-I-A developments of Greece

Explain how Greek democracy evolved
Compare and Contrast Sparta and Athens
Discuss the contributions of Greece to western culture
Discuss How geography impacted the Greeks
Define/Identify the following:
monarchy, ostracism
Peloponnesian Wars
Golden Age

Independent and/Open Lab Assignments/Enrichment:

1. Watch the video available on my website. Complete the accompanying
Oct 8

Enrichment Assignments- posted on www.rothiwa.com due

Oct 14


Test in testing center

First Class Meeting:
The effects of geography on Ancient Greece.
Essential Question: How important was the geography
of Greece on its development?
Second Class Meeting

Focus of class: The concept of government

Essential question: What system of government is the

most effective?

Third Class Meeting

Work Day
Fourth Class Meeting
Due at the beginning of class: Assignment 2-2
( for Africa and China) for India (work on 2-3)
Focus of class: Democracy in Greece
Essential question: Is a democracy a better system of
Fifth Class Meeting
Due at the beginning of class: Assignment 2-3
for Africa and China

Due Date


K Day- All Three
Sections Sept 14

A Day Sept 15: India

B Day Sept 16 Africa
and China

C Day Sept 17 India (23)

D Day Sept 22 Africa
and China (2-2)
E Day Sept 23 All Three

F Day Sept 24 India

G Day Sept 26: Africa
and China

2-2 for India

Class focus: The evolution of Greek democracy
Fifth Class Meeting

Work day for pep rally

H day Sept 28 India

J Day Sept 29 Africa
and China

Sixth Class Meeting

Work day Pep Rally

K Day Sept 30 All Three


Class focus: Greek Contributions

Essential Question:
Seventh Class Meeting
Eighth Class Meeting
Due at the beginning of class Assignment 2-5

Ninth Class Meeting

Review for test
Due by the beginning of class Terms

A Day Oct 1 India

B Day Oct 2 Africa and
C Day Oct 5 India
D Day Oct 6 Africa and
E Day Oct 7 All sections

Homework Assignment Explanations

Assignment 2-1:

Who Rules See www.rothiwa.com for details submit via google


Assignment 2-2:

Greek Democracy See www.rothiwa.com for details submit via

google classroom

Assignment 2-3:

See www.rothiwa.com for details submit via google classroom

Assignment 2-4 Project

For your assigned polis, you must research the following questions
What government do they have-

Are personal rights important, what is the duty of the citizen to the state. What is
more important the state or the individual.
What is the family unit like, the homes they live in, their food etc
Religious values or important Gods
What do they value- do they value aesthetic things or physical things
The conflict between Sparta and Athens
Important people who influence the city-state
What type of things would your citizens possess

The information is to be shared with your group then the entire group must teach the
other half of your class about your city state via the pep rally elements.
Quality control is important because your entire polis will receive a grade based on the
accuracy of information you are actually including in your presentations, the
creativity, and breadth of the group's products- is everything mentioned in the
afore mentioned questions actually covered.
Use the Open Lab textbook and internet and library research to get an idea of what life
was like in your city-state. Be sure to include as many aspects of life in your citystate as possible in your Pep Rally presentation.
Divide the following up amongst the members of your polis.
Here are some actually resources from the internet


Elements of the Pep Rally

The scribe is the MC of the pep rally

appropriate cheer to be performed at the Sparta vs. Athens pep rally (NOT
an existing cheer; cheer must represent your poliss valuesyou cannot spell
out your city-states name)
national anthem for your polis (six linesmust be original) YES, you have
to sing it. Remember a national anthem is a generally patriotic musical
composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of
its people,
two minute infomercial for a product suited to your polis. These are typically

3-4 segments in an infomercial. These segments usually include product demonstrations

outlining the product's features and benefits, testimonials. This needs to be video
two minute skit which presents a moral/ethical dilemma that a
teenager in your polis might face
1 top ten lists (choose from the following kinds of lists): these were made
famous by David Letterman. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J60Cn2skn1w
top ten celebrities who would feel at home in your polis (can be living or
dead but not ancient Greek!)
top ten books in your polis



movies in your polis

TV shows in your polis
songs in your polis
websites in your polis

1. Choose one person to act as a scribe.

2. Assign 2-3 people to each task. Everyone must have a task.
3. Write down who is doing what.
4. Split up and do your preparation. You should be sitting with your people and
VISIBLY preparing (writing things down) for the pep rally, and you have the rest
of the period to prepare.
5. We will conduct the pep rally on {due date}. You may make
props/costumes out of household items if you like, but please do not buy
6. If any group members will be absent on the due date, they should still
help with preparation. Then chose another group member who will just
perform their task for them on the due date.

Assignment 2-5
Complete the P-E-R-S-I-A chart- watching the video on www.rothiwa.com
submit via google classroom