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Proof of the Quadratic Formula

We will derive the famous quadratic formula to find the roots of the equation
ax2 + bx + c = 0
where a, b, c are contants and a 6= 0.



b
ax + bx + c = 0 = a x + x = c
a
2

b
b2
= a x + x + 2
a
4a


b
= a x +
2a

=

b
x+
2a

2
=

2

= c +

b2 4ac
4a

b2 4ac
4a2

b
= x +
=
2a

b2 4ac
4a2

b2 4ac
b
=
= x +
2a
2a
b
= x =

2a

= x =

Gilles Cazelais. Typeset with LATEX on June 11, 2010.

b2 4ac
2a

b2 4ac
2a

b2
4a