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il Designation: D 543 - 95 Standard Practices for Evaluating the Re stance of Plastics to Chemical Reagents? ‘This andar fs isu under the ged desienation D 545: the namber immed lowing the Gelgston aes he yet of vigial aopcion oy, nthe eae of vison, tho ear os rvion. A number in pantie igs he et at sporoval ‘spereript ela (9 nde an editorial change ce te lst vison or approval i drt Bes poe fre yer of Peper of Def Cou te Do Indes Sree Sunda forthe sec eur ose whieh as ee dap ye Dearne of Diese 1. Scope 1.1 These practices cover the evilvation of all pst materials including cast, hot-molded, cold-molded, lami- nated resinous products, and sheet materials for resistance to chemical reagents, These practices include provisions for reporting changes in weight, dimensions, appearance, and strength properties, Standard reagents are specified to estab- lish results on a comparable tusis. Provisions are made for various exposure times, stress conditions, and exposure to reagents at elevated temperatures! The type.of conditioning (immersion or wet patch) depends upon the end-use of the material. If used a8 a container or transfer line, specimens should be immersed. Ifthe: material will only see short exposures or will be used in close proximity and reagent may splash or spill on the material; the wet patch method of applying reagent should be used. Note 1—These practices are relied to 180 175. Method Bis simile to ISO 4599.1985(E). An ISO standard is under development that requires specific procedures for reporting the change in mechanical properties after chemical exposure. 1.2..The effect: of chemical reagents. on-pther properties shall be determined by making measurements on stan specimens for such tests before and after immersion oF stress, ‘or both, if so tested , i 1.3 The values siaied in SI units are to be regarded as the standgrd. "The values given in parentheses are for informa- fion only. 14 This standard does not putport (o adijess all.of the selty concerns, any, sociated wi, we is the responsibility ofthe user ofthis standard to establish appro- priate safety aid health practices and determine the applica- bility 0f regilatory limitations prior 16 use. Specitic.hszards statements are given in Section 7, 2. Refereticed Documeiits 2.1 ASTM Standards 13 Specification for Spirits of Turpentine? - 1396 Specification for Fuel Oils? ‘This test method is under the json of ASTM. Commies B20 a0 Paes an ste det responsibly of Sobeommitee D200 on Permanente Properties, CCurreat eon sproved Oct. 10, 985, Publis Decenber 1995. Oiginaly published sD 343397 Last previous ction D 43-87 2 anvil Book of ASTAE Standards, Va 06.03. 2 aial Book of ASTM Stndars, Val 08.0 D618 Practice for Conditioning Pests ‘and Electrical Insulating Materials for Testing’ D883 Terminology Relating to Plastios? 'D 1040 Specification, for Uninkibited Minéral Tnsulaitng Gil for Use in Tranisformerg and in Oil Circuit Breakers* 1B 1898 Practice for Sampling of Plastios* E'177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods? 22 Miltary Specifications, MIL-A-11755 Antifieeze, Artic:Type. MIL-A-46153.Antiteeze, Ethylene Glycol, Heavy Duty, Single Package MIL-C.372, Cleaning, Compound, Solvent (For Bore of Small Arms and Automatic Aircraft Weapons) i MIL-D-12468 Decoataminating Agent, STB MIL-D-50030 Decontaminating Agent, DS2 MIL-F-46162 Fuel, Diese}, Referee Grade « MILG-5572 Gasoline, Aviation, Grades 80/87, 100/130, Ls MIL-H-5606 Hydraulic Fluid, Petroleum Base, Aireraf, Missiles, and Ordinance ‘MIL-HL6083 Hydraulic Fluid, Petroleum Base, for Preser: vation and Operation. MIL-H-83283 Hydraulic Fluid; Fire Resistani, Synthetic Hydrocarbon Base, Aiperatt MIL-L-7808 Lubricating Oil, AiroraR Turhine Engine, Synthetic Base, NATO Codé Number 0-148 MIL-L14107 Litbricating Oil, Weapons, Low Tempere- ture MIL;L-23699 Lubricating Oil, Airciait ‘Turbine Enigines, Synthetic Base MIL-L-46000 Lubricant, Inhibited, Fluid (Automatic Weap- ‘ons) : MIL-T-5624 Turbine Fuel, Aviation, Grades JP-4 and IPS ‘MIL-T-83133 Turbine Fuel, Aviation,. Kerosene "Type, Grate JP-8 23: U.S. Army Regulation? AR 70-71, Nuclear, Biological, dnd Chemical Contamina- tion Survivability of Army Material 24 180 Standards "duel Book of ASTM Sian, Vol 08.0 8 Disconmed See 1980 anal Book ef AST Stoke, Pat 40, Anal Book af ASTI Standard, Vok 14.02 7 avalabe from Sundardition Dpcusets Oey Desk, de. 4 Seen D, ‘oo Robbins Ave, Philadephia, Pa 191113004, Ate NPODS. * Ava fom Amoricen Nation! Standards Tas, 11 W, 42a St, 13h lor, New You, NY 10086 ) D543 : 2 ISO 175 Plastics—Determination of Resistance to Liquid ‘Chemicals ISO 4599-1986(B) Plastics—Determination of Resistance. ‘to Environmental Stress Cracking (FSC)—Bent Strip Method 3. Terminology 3,1 Definitions—Definitions of terms applying to these practices appear in Terminology D 883. 4, Signifieance and Use 4.1 The limitations of the results obiaifed from these practices should be recognized. The choice of types and oncentrations of reagents, duration of immersion or stress, ft both, temperature of thé test, aid properties to, be reported is necessarily arbitrary. ‘The Spebification of these ‘éiiditions provides a basis for standardization and serves as a guidé to investigators wishing to compare the relative resistance of various plastics to typical chemical reagents. 4.2 Correlation of test results with the éetual performance or serviceability of plastics is necessaily deperident upon the similarity between the testing and the erid-use conditions For applications involving continuous imnfersion; the data obiained in short-time tests aré of interest, only in elimi nating the most unsuitable nisterials or indicating a probable relative order of fesistance’to chemical reagents, 43 Evaluation of plastics for special applications in- ‘volving corrosive conditions ‘should ‘be! based upon the particular reagents and cohcentfations to Be ehcountefed, ‘The selection of test conditions shoiild take into account the sianniér and duration of contaet with reagents the tempera ture of the system, applied stress, and other perforshance factors involved in the particular application. J 5. Apparatus : 5.1. Balance—A balance capable of weighing accurately to 0.05 8'for'a test specimen vweishing 100 g oF les, and to 0.1 % for a test specimen weighing Over 100°g, Assurance tat the bale meefs the performance requiréments should be provided by frequent checks ‘on adjustments of zero Bois and sensitivity and by period talbration for absolute Accuracy, using standard masses. : 5.2. Micrometers—Use a’ suitable saicfotheter for mica suring the dimensions of test specimens similar to that descfibed fa ‘Test Method D 374, The micrometer should have an incremental discrimination of at least 0,025 mm (0.001 in). For specimens 0.100 in, “thick or fess, the tierometer used shall have an incremental diserigpination of A Teast 0,0025 mm (0.0001 in). The micrometer must-be verified using gage blocks traceable to National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) every 30°days ininimum. 53 Room, or enclosed space Capable of being maintained at the standard laboratory atinosphete of 23 + 2°C (73.4 3.6°F) and 50 5 % relative humidity in accordance with Practice D 618. 5.4 Coniainers-—Suitable containers for submergitg spec- imens in, chemical reagents. They must be resistant t6 the corrosive effects of the reagents being used. Venting should bo: provided, especially: when using. volatile reagents at Glevated. temperalytes. Tightly, scaled containers are pré- ferred for room teanperature testing to minimize loss. 6 R= radius of ji B= arbitrary angle ya eis of neutral axis Lop length of outer fiber n= falus of outer fiber Kya= length of neutral exis USthickness of specimen 4, Fw ‘corisidectig a portion of tet bit deterntined by anglé 8 Lya=Rund= Re he T RysRe st Lop= Ron = R+H9 Rop2R +1 ALS Lop -Lyy (RED 0-44.00 it yeah, @ine-midoe To Reve Lmao -Rege be x Rept Repo eo Eye 2R. ) feats are FIG.'1 Déterinnation of Strald Level of ESCA Fixturos 5.5 Swiain'Jigitigs are 8 be ‘capable of known amounts of strain fo test specimens, Figure 1a sid raving of a typical stain jig Used to, obtain 1,0 % stiain in a 3.2 mm (0,125 in.) Vick test specinien. Showa in Fig. isa equation that can be used to caloyatestraia from Known dimetsions’or back-caleulaie jig, dimensions for a desired specimen sliain. eas 5.6 Oven or Constarit' Téhiperature Bath, capable of maintaining fenpetatuies within £2°C, ofthe specified test temperatures. beads aeeaeaeeeeCe EOE 5.7 Testing Devices —Tesitig devices for determin spe- cific. strength properties of specimens before. and after submersion or strain, or both, conforming to the require- ents prescribed in the ASTM test methods for the specific properties being determined, . 5.8 Laboratory Hood, ot othet system adequate for vapor ventilation, : ‘ ying 5. Reagents and Materials 4 6.1. The following lst of standard reagents is intended to bbe representative of the main categéries of pure chemical compounds, solutions, and Gortiinon industrial products, ‘Chemicals used in this practice shall be of technical grade or | ear cece oe te TERETE SSSR DITA SG TATE ESET Ta RRR ESERESSSSSESH ft vy qh 0543 seater purity, All solutions shall be made with freshly prepared distilled water. Specific: concentrations are on a ‘weight percent or specific gravity basis. Mixing instructions are based on amounts of ingredients calculated to produce 1000 mL. of solution of the specified concentration. 6.2. The following lst of standard reagents is not intended to preclude the use of other reagents pertinent to, particular chemical resistance: requirements. It is intended, to. stan-