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A PROJECT SEMINAR

ON

SMART CARD READER FOR


STUDENT ID
By
S.S.V.SHESHU 06141A0466
B.MANASA 06141A0499
J.PREM KUMAR 06141A04A2

Internal Guide: External Guide:


Mr.D.SANDEEP (B.E) Mr.SHIVAKRISHNA(B.Tech)
Asst.professor Project Manager
Department of E.C.E MIC Electronics Ltd.
S.R.T.I.S.T, Nalgonda Hyderabad.
OVERVIEW
 This Project is an MICRO CONTROLLER based i.e.,
using EMBEDDED technology.
 Deals with writing the details of an student into a
SMART CARD and read it to display them on LCD.
 We will come to know finally how smart card became
‘ SMART ’
HARDWARE COMPONENTS
 Micro Controller
 Smart Card (SLE-4442)

 Liquid Crystal Display

 RS232

 Power Supply

SOFTWARE
 KEIL Software
 Flash Magic
BLOCK DIAGRAM

Smart Card Reader For


Student ID Card

Power
Phillips
Supply
Micro Controller
89C51

Smart Card Reader


Interface
SMART CARD
 Smart Card is a small plastic intelligent token
embedded with an IC chip that makes it
‘SMART’.
 Processing power is more.

 They have larger storage capacity

 They are appropriate for secure and convenient


data storage.
 Replacement of Bar Codes and Magnetic Strips
INTERNAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
SMART CARD (SLE-4442)
FEATURES
 256 8-bit EEPROM organization

 Byte-wise addressing

 32 1-bit organization of protection memory

 Answer-to-Reset acc. to ISO standard 7816-3

 Programming time 2.5 ms per byte for both


erasing and writing
 Data retention for minimum of ten years
PIN CONFIGURATION
STANDARDS
 ISO7816 is the international standard for Smart
Cards that use electrical contacts.
With this standard, Smart Cards could communicate
with the Reader using the same protocol.
ISO7816 standards are separated in 3 different parts.
1. ISO7816-1
2. ISO7816-2

3. ISO7816-3
OPERATION OVERVIEW
Insert Smart 1st Pin Of µC is
card Low

Arrange data Perform ATR


array Function

Read Data Send them to


from SC LCD
APPLICATIONS OF SMART CARD
 Student Identification
 Financial Applications

 Communications Applications

 Government Programs

 Information Security

 Physical Access Control

 Transportation
MICROCONTROLLER (89C51)
FEATURES
 80C51 Central Processing Unit

 Crystal frequency:11.092Mhz

 Voltage: 5v

 Speed up to 33 MHz

 Four 8-bit I/O ports

 Internal RAM: 128 bytes

 External RAM: 64 Kbytes

 Presence of FLASH memory: 4Kbytes


SFR USED
 Accumulator
 Timer 0 for checking smart card insertion

 Timer 1 for serial communication

 TMOD (For setting Timer Mode )

 IE (Interrupt Enable)
LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY
 Intelligent display of two lines, 20 characters per
line
 Two internal byte-wide registers,
 Commands Display (RS=0)
 Characters Display (RS=1).

 Contains RAM (user programmable)


 LCD bit 7 is used for busy check.
KEIL SOFTWARE
 C language
 Used for configure the Microcontroller to work
according to our project
 For .Hex Files

FLASH MAGIC
 Used to Dump the CODE written in the assembly
language
 ‘Hex’ files are used

 Converts the character (AL) into binary (MC)


READ MAIN MEMORY UPDATE MAIN MEMORY
if(!VCC)
{ void main()
z=1;
while(z) {
{ Update data(' ');
while(1);
lcd_cmd(0x01);
lcd_cmd(0x80); }

string_display("NAME:");
t=0x25;
while(hexnum[t]!=‘ ‘)
{
lcd_data(hexnum[t]);
t++;
}
SERIAL COMMUNICATION (RS232)
 Digital data is sent through RS 232 protocol.
 Specifications of RS232:

Length of cable:15mt
data voltage: -15v to 15v
1(-3 to -25V)
0 (3 to 25V)
 Baud rate: 9600bytes/sec

 MAX232 is connected to cable to convert 30v to


5v to send data into the microcontroller
POWER SUPPLY
POWER SUPPLY SPECIFICATIONS

 Center tapped transformer (12-0-12)


 Power flow:

230v ac, 50hz adaptor12v dc,


1.25mAregulator5v dc
CONCLUSION
The project has been successfully
designed and code was written using assembly
language and student’s data was written and
displayed for few fields.

Secondly, using highly advanced IC’s


and with the help of growing technology the
project has been successfully implemented.
QUIRES
THANK YOU
SCHEMATIC LAYOUT
MEMORY ORG.,
DIFFERENT MODES OF SMART CARD
COMMAND MODE
ATR MODE
READ MAIN MEMORY
OVERVIEW OF MICROCONTROLLER
 Basic Building Block of any EMBEDEDD System
 Consists internally a Microprocessor, I/O Devices

and Internal Memory


 Only on a single chip all the Components are
fabricated
 Many additional features comparatively to an
Microprocessor
 Can be used perfectly for a specific task to
perform
 Simply a Micro CPU
ADVANTAGES
 The capacity provided by the on-board
microprocessor and data capacity for highly secure
 Track recording

 Durability

 Chip Operating Systems (multiple applications)

 Secure on a Single Chip

FUTURE ASPECTS
 Use of Biometrics.
 Online shopping.

 Multifunctional