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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

Resolverasquestespropostaseindicararespostacorreta.

Exerccio1:

A0,5J
B1,5J
C2,5J
D3,5J
E1,0J

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(E)
Comentrios:
ENaposiodeequilbrioaelongaodamolaigualaamplitudedomovimento:Fm=k.ymNaanlisedasforas,omduloda
foradamolaacabasendoigualaforapeso:Fm=Pk.ym=m.gk.0,05=4.10k=800(N/m)Aenergiamecnicadosistemadada
porEM=0,5.k.(ym)^2EM=0,5.800.0,05^2EM=1JComonoestadodeequilbriotemapenasenergiacintica,aenergiacintica
acabasendoigualaenergiamecnicadosistema.EM=ECequilbrio=1J
Exerccio2:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

A0,420m/s
B0,648m/s
C0,840m/s
D0,210m/s
E1,300m/s

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(B)
Comentrios:
BAenergiamecnicaasomadaenergiacinticacomaenergiapotencialemqualquerposiodomovimento,ento:
EM=EC+EPLogo:1=0,5.m.v^2+0,5.k.x^2Substituindo:2=4.v^2+800.0,02^24.v^2=1,68v=0,648m/s
Exerccio3:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

A0,28cm
B3,12cm
C2,13cm
D1,46cm
E4,26cm

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(D)
Comentrios:
DCalculaovalordapulsaoporw=2.pi.fw=2.3,14.2,5w=15,7Calculaaamplitudeatravsdafrmuladada:ym=(y(0)^2+
(v(0)/w)^2)^1/2ym=(0,011^2+(0,011/15,7)^2)^1/2ym=0,0146m=1,46cm
Exerccio4:

A22,9cm/s
B11,5cm/s
C32,5cm/s
D46,0cm/s
E7,5cm/s

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(A)
Comentrios:
AAamplitudedavelocidadedeumMHScalculadaporvm=ym.wvm=1,46.15,7vm=22,9(cm/s)
Exerccio5:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

A0,259m
B0,879m
C0,459m
D0,124m
E1,257m

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(D)
Comentrios:
DPrimeiroanalisamosasforasenvolvidasnomovimento:FmFv=FrFm=ForadamolaFv=ForaviscosaeFr=Fora
resultante.y.kv.b=m.aSubstituiseoquedereresolveseaequaodiferencial:y.32000v.64080.a=0(dividepor80)
y.400v.8a=0Resolvendoaequaodiferencial,chegaseaoseguinte:y=e^(4t).[A.cos(19,6t)+B.sen(19,6t)]Derivandoa
equaoacimaobtemosaequaodavelocidade:V=4.e^(4t).[A.cos(19,6t)+B.sen(19,6t)]+e^(4t).[19,6.A.sen(19,6t)+
19,6.B.cos(19,6t)]Substituindoascondiesiniciais,descobreseovalordeAedeB,chegandoaequaodomovimento
completa:y=e^(4t).[0,492.cos(19,6t)+0,609.sen(19,6t)]Agoraterminasederesolveroexerccio:y(0,4)=e^(4.0,4).
[0,492.cos(19,6.0,4)+0,609.sen(19,6.0,4)]y(0,4)=0,202.[0,0069+0,6089]y(0,4)=0,124m
Exerccio6:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

A0,297s
B0,252s
C0,358s
D1,258s
E0,1256s

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(E)
Comentrios:
EParasaberondeoinstanteemqueocorpopassapelaorigemdeveseigualaraequaodomovimentoazeroedescobrira
raizdemaisbaixovalor.0=e^(4t).[0,492.cos(19,6t)+0,609.sen(19,6t)]Araizdemaisbaixovalorserobtidapelaparte
oscilantedaequao,ento:0=0,492.cos(19,6t)+0,609.sen(19,6t)0,492.cos(19,6t)=+0,609.sen(19,6t)0,492/0,609=
tg(19,6t)tg(19,6t)=0,80819,6t=0,679Ovalorencontradonegativo,atangentetemumaperiodicidadedePirad,ento
bastasomarPiaovalorde0,679:19,6t=2,462t=0,126s
Exerccio7:

A5200N/(m/s)
B1200N/(m/s)
C200N/(m/s)
D3200N/(m/s)
E500N/(m/s)

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(D)
Comentrios:
DEmamortecimentocrticoovalorequivalenteametadedarazoentreaconstantedeviscosidadeeamassa,igual
velocidadeangularinicialqueigualaraizquadradadarazoentreaconstanteelsticaeamassa,logo:0,5.b/m=(k/m)^(1/2)
0,5.b/80=(32000/80)^(1/2)0,00625.b=20b=3200N.s/m
Exerccio8:

A0,155s
B0,366s
C0,025s
D0,003s
E0,890s

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(B)
Comentrios:
BAequaoquedescreveumasituaodeamortecimentocrtico:y=(C1+C2.t).e^(g.t)Aplicandoascondiesiniciaise
calculandoovalordeg,encontramosaequao:g=0,5.b/mg=200,1=(C1+C2.0).e^(20.0)0,1=(C1+0).10,1=C1v
=C2.e^(g.t)+(0,1+C2.t).(20).e^(20.0t)2=C2.e^(g.t0)+(0,1+C2.0).(20).e^(20.0)2=C22C2=4y=(0,1+4.t).
e^(20.0t)Asrazesdaequaonosdaroosinstantesemqueocorpoestnaposiodeequilbrio:0=(0,1+4.t).e^(20.0t)
0=(0,1+4.t)0,1=4.tt=0,025sEaoutraraiz,comonoexistelogaritmodezero,colocamosumnumeromuitopequeno
nolugardezero=0,0010,001=e^(20.0t)6,9077=20.tt=0,345sAdiferenaentreosdoisinstantesdarointervalo
necessrioparaqueocorpovolteparaposiodeequilbrio:T=0,345(0,025)T=0,37s
Exerccio9:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

A0,93mm
B3,50mm
C1,85mm
D5,55mm
E3,42mm

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(C)
Comentrios:
CA=2.ym.cos[(Pi/4).0,5]A=2.1.cos[Pi/8]A=1,85mm
Exerccio10:

A/2rad
B/4rad
C/3rad
D0
E/6rad

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(D)

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Comentrios:
DParadescobriradiferenadefasepedida,bastausaramesmaequaousadanoexerccioanterior,pormsemsubstituiro
valordafaseesubstituiraamplitude.2=2.1.cos[o.0,5]1=cos[0,5.o]0,5.o=arccos(1)0,5.o=0o=0
Exerccio11:

A1230cm/s
B+625cm/s
C+252cm/s
D2460cm/s
E+410cm/s

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(A)
Comentrios:
AParadescobriravelocidadetransversalnaposioeinstantepedido,bastaderivaraequaodomovimentonotempo,assim
seobtmaequaodavelocidadetransversal,entodepoisbastasubstituirosvaloresdetempoeposio:y=
15.sen[Pi.x/4].cos[30.Pi.t+Pi/3]vt=15.sen[Pi.x/4].(30.Pi)sen[30.Pi.t+Pi/3]vt=1414.sen[Pi.x/4].sen[30.Pi.t+Pi/3]vt
(22)=1414.sen[Pi.2/4].sen[30.Pi.2+Pi/3]vt(22)=1225cm/s

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

Exerccio12:

A30cm
B60cm
C45cm
D20cm
E15cm

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(E)
Comentrios:
EParadescobriraamplitudedaoscilaoemdadopontoeemdadoinstante,bastapegarapartedaequaoqueotermoda
amplitudeesubstituiracondies:y=15.sen[Pi.x/4].cos[30.Pi.t+Pi/3]A=15.sen[Pi.x/4]A(22)=15.sen[Pi.2/4]A(22)=
15cm
Exerccio13:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

A516,8Hz
B2067,2Hz
C1033,6Hz
D4134,4Hz
E125,6Hz

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(C)
Comentrios:
CPrimeirodescobrimosasdensidadeslinearesdecadafio:d1=2,6.0,01=0,026g/cmd1=0,0026kg/md2=7,8.0,01=
0,078g/cmd2=0,0078kg/mAgoraatravsdaequaoquerelacionaafrequnciacomcomprimentodeonda,tensonacorda
edensidadelinear,substitumososvaloresquetemosdecadapartedacordaeigualamosasequaes:f1=[n1/(2.L1)].
[F/d1]^(1/2)f2=[n2/(2.L2)].[F/d2]^(1/2)Igualamseasduasequaesesubstituiasvariveisconhecidas:[n1/(2.0,6)].
[100/0,0026]^(1/2)=[n2/(2.0,866)].[100/0,0078]^(1/2)[n1/(2.0,6)]^2.1/2,6=[n2/(2.0,866)]^2.1/7,8n1=[3,74.
(n2)^2/23,4]^(1/2)n1=0,4.n2n2=2,5.n1Umavezquesedescobriuarelaoentreonumerodacordadeaoeonumero
dacordadealumnio,isolamosarazon2/n1:n2/n1=2,5n2/n1=2/5(Naformadefraomaissimplificada)Onden2=5,que
correspondeaoaoen1=2,quecorrespondeaoalumnio.Atravsdaspropriedadesnofiodeaoounofiodealumnio,
possveldeterminarafrequncia.f=[n1/(2.L1)].[(F/d1)^(1/2)]f=[2/(2.0,6)].[(100/0,0026)^(1/2)]f=327Hz
f=1034Hz
Exerccio14:

A8
B10
C4
D1
E6

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(E)
Comentrios:
EVistoquenoexerccioanteriordeterminouseonumerodeventredecadapartedacordatemosonumerototaldeventres=
7,logoonumerototaldens8,descontandoosnsdasextremidades,temos:Nns=6.
Exerccio15:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

A20V
B15V
C25V
D10V
E5V

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(D)
Comentrios:
DPrimeiroidentificamosemqualpartedogrficoestoinstantepedido,entocalculamosofluxomagnticonestapartedo
grfico:Calculandoofluxomagnticoentre0e2segundos.f=0,2.t.(PI.r^2)=0,2.t.(3,14.3,99^2)f=10.tE=df/dt=10
Portantoomdulodaforaeletromotriz:10V
Exerccio16:

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AI=0,2Aesentidoantihorrio
BI=0,2Aesentidohorrio
CI=0,1Aesentidohorrio
DI=0,4Aesentidohorrio
EI=0,5Aesentidohorrio

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(B)
Comentrios:
BPrimeiroidentificamosemqualpartedogrficoestoinstantepedido,entocalculamosofluxomagnticonestapartedo
grfico:Calculandoofluxomagnticoentre5e10segundos.f=0,08.(PI.3,99^2).tf=4.tE=+4VE=R.I4=20.II=0,2A
Sentidohorrio.
Exerccio17:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

A0,133A
B0,266A
C1,334A
D2,000A
E0,667A

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(E)
Comentrios:
EReq=R1.R2/(R1+R2)Req=10.15/(10+15)Req=6ohmI=(B.l/Req).vI=(0,5.0,4/6).20I=0,667A
Exerccio18:

A1,33W
B2,67W
C8,00W
D5,34W
E10,68W

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(B)
Comentrios:
BUmavezquejtemosacorrente,calculadanoexerccioanterior,bastasubstituirnaequaoP=I^2.ReqP=0,667^2.6P
=2,67W
Exerccio19:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

AE=30sen(1015t3,33x106x)j(V/m)
BE=30sen(1015t3,33x106x)k(V/m)
CE=30sen(1015t+6,66x106x)i(V/m)
DE=30sen(1015t+3,33x106x)k(V/m)
EE=30sen(1015t+6,66x106x)k(V/m)

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(D)
Comentrios:
DPrimeirocalculamosovalordek:c=w/kk=10^15/3.10^8k=3,33.10^6Ovetorvelocidadedepropagaoigualao
produtovetorialentreocampoeltricoeocampomagnticodivididopeloprodutoescalardocampomagnticoporelemesmo:cv
=EvxBv/(Bv.Bv)3.10^8.i=[(E.k)x(10^7.sen(10^15.t+3,33.10^6.x).j]/((10^7.sen(10^15.t+3,33.10^6.x)^2)
(3.10^8.k).(10^7.sen(10^15.t+3,33.10^6.x)=E.kE=30.sen(10^15.t+3,33.10^6.x)(N/C)Ev=30.sen(10^15.t+
3,33.10^6.x).k(N/C)
Exerccio20:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

A25807J
B12903J
C51614J
D6451J
E3225J

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(A)
Comentrios:
APrimeirocalculamosovalormdiodovetorpoyntingS=0,5.8,85.10^12.3.10^8.900S=1,19Agoracalculamosaenergia
eletromagntica:Dw=S.A.DtDw=1,19.3.7200Dw=25807J
Exerccio21:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

A0,60webere0,25weber
B0,05webere0,65weber
C0,90webere0,35weber
D0,15webere0,05weber
E0,30webere0,15weber

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(A)
Comentrios:
AComoocampomagnticouniformenaregioevariasomentecomotempo,nohanecessidadedaintegrao.f=B.n.Af
=(0,2t^22,4t+6,4)k.k.(0,5.0,5)f(2)=(0,2.(2)^22,4.(2)+6,4).0,25f(2)=0,6weberf(9)=(0,2.(9)^22,4.(9)
+6,4).0,25f(9)=0,25weber
Exerccio22:

A+0,03A(horrio)0,0025A(antihorrio)
B+0,06A(antihorrio)0,0150A(horrio)
C+0,02A(horrio)0,0055A(antihorrio)
D+0,08A(horrio)0,0005A(antihorrio)
E+0,01A(antihorrio)0,0075A(horrio)

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(E)
Comentrios:
EAtravsdaderivadatemporaldaequaoquedescreveofluxo,obtemosaequaodaforaeletromotriz.E=(0,1t0,6)
E(2)=(0,1.(2)0,6)E(2)=0,4VI(2)=0,4/40I(2)=0,01A(antihorrio)E(9)=(0,1.(9)0,6)E(9)=0,3VI(9)=
0,3/40I(9)=0,0075A(horrio)
Exerccio23:

A(0P1)=+0,3325V
B(0P1)=0,9375V
C(0P1)=0,2575V
D(0P1)=0,0385V
E(0P1)=+1,8375V

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(B)
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Comentrios:
BPrimeirodevesedescobrirafunoquedescreveofluxoemfunodotempo:f=B.AOcampomagnticonovariaem
funodotempopormareavariaemfunodotempo:A=0,5.w.t.r^2A=0,5.300.t.0,25^2A=9,375m^2Portantoo
fluxo:f=0,1.9,375.tf=0,9375wbAgorabastafazeraderivadatemporalnegativadofluxoqueobtemseafora
eletromotriz:E(0P1)=0,9375V
Exerccio24:

AVP2VP1=4,5V
BVP2VP1=+2,5V
CVP2VP1=0V
DVP2VP1=+5,8V
EVP2VP1=1,2V

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(C)
Comentrios:
COpotencialdecadapontadabarraseromesmo,logoadiferenadepotencialentreelesserzero.Vp2Vp1=0V
Exerccio25:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

AIind=0,02785A(sentidohorrio)
BIind=0,18785A(sentidoantihorrio)
CIind=0,03785A(sentidoantihorrio)
DIind=0,01785A(sentidoantihorrio)
EIind=0,05785A(sentidohorrio)

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(D)
Comentrios:
DOfluxomagnticoquandonohvariaodereacomotempof=B.n.Af=(0,50,125t).1,7.2,1f=1,7850,44625t
Aderivadatemporalnegativadofluxoafem:E=0,44625I=E/RI=0,44625/25I=0,01785A(antihorrio)
Exerccio26:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

AFOP=+0,0752kN
BFOP=0,0152iN
CFOP=+0,0452iN
DFOP=0,0552jN
EFOP=+0,0152iN

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(B)
Comentrios:
BAforanecessriaparamanterabarraemrepousocalculadapelaformula:F=I.L.BF=0,01785.1,7.0,5F=0,0152NO
sentidocontrrioaodaforaquemovimentaabarra,logo:F=0,0152iN
Exerccio27:

A2,8m
B5,25m
C19,4m
D10,3m
E25,8m

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(C)
Comentrios:
CExistemduasformulasparacalcularaintensidadedaonda,umarelacionaapotnciacomareaeaoutrarelacionaa
amplitudedocampoeltricocomavelocidadedaluzeconstantedepermissividadeeltrica:I=P/AI=[e.c.(Em)^2]/2
0,25/(4.Pi.r^2)=[8,85.10^12.3.10^8.(0,2)^2]/2r^2=370r=19,4m
Exerccio28:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

A+i
Bi
Cj
Dk
E+k

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(E)
Comentrios:
EConsiderandoqueosentidodepropagaodaondajpositivo,adireoesentidodocampomagntico,nodadoinstanteem
queocampoeltricoinegativo,kpositivo.Bv=+kB
Exerccio29:

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81,38QLYHUVLGDGH3DXOLVWD'LVFLSOLQD2QOLQH6LVWHPDVGHFRQWH~GRRQOLQHSDUD$OXQRV

Aj
B+k
C+i
Dk
E+j

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(A)
Comentrios:
AAdireoeosentidodeumaondaeletromagnticaigualadireoesentidodoprodutovetorialdocampoeltricocomo
campomagntico.v=(i)x(k)v=(j)
Exerccio30:

A45250V/m
B15600V/m
C35820V/m
D10800V/m
E27450V/m

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(E)
Comentrios:
EAvelocidadedepropagaodaondaeletromagnticaigualaovalordavelocidadedaluz,mastambmobtidapelarazo
entreoprodutovetorialdocampoeltricoecampomagnticopeloprodutoescalardocampomagnticoporelemesmo.c=(Ex
B)/(B.B)3.10^8=E/BE=3.10^8.91,5.10^6E=27450V/m
Exerccio31:

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A2,19.106V/m
B0,55.106V/m
C1,10.106V/m
D4,15.106V/m
E2,95.106V/m

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(A)
Comentrios:
AAintensidadedaondaarazoentreapotnciaearea.I=P/AI=0,02/(Pi.10^12)I=6,366.10^9Aintensidadeda
ondatambmpodesercalculadaemumaformulaquecontmaamplitudedocampoeltrico.6,366.10^9=
0,5.8,85.10^12.3.10^8.(Em)^2(Em)^2=4,796.10^12Em=2,19.10^6V/m
Exerccio32:

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AB(z,t)=+7,3.103.sen(5,90.106.z+1,77.1015.t)i(T)
BB(z,t)=7,3.103.sen(5,90.106.z1,77.1015.t)i(T)
CB(z,t)=+3,7.103.sen(5,90.106.z+1,77.1015.t)k(T)
DB(z,t)=3,7.103.sen(5,90.106.z+1,77.1015.t)j(T)
EB(z,t)=+3,7.103.sen(5,90.106.z1,77.1015.t)k(T)

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(A)
Comentrios:
AAequaodocampomagnticotemaparteoscilanteigualadocampoeltrico,logosprecisacalcularaamplitudedocampo
magnticoedescobriradireoesentido.B=E/cB=1,1.10^6/(3.10^8)B=3,7.10^3TAdireoesentidodavelocidadede
propagaodaondaigualaodoprodutovetorialdocampoeltricopelocampomagntico./c/=/E/x/B/k=jx(ai+bj+ck)
k=ka+icc=0a=1Logo,adireoeosentidodovetorcampomagnticoipositivo:B=3,7.sen(5,9.10^6.z+
1,77.10^15.t).i(Wb/m^2)
Exerccio33:

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AA,B,C
BA,C,B
CB,A,C
DC,B,A
EB,C,A

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(B)
Comentrios:
BAcurvaA,caractersticadeumamortecimentofraco,vistoqueoscilaantesdeestabilizar.AcurvaBestabilizaomovimento
antesqueacurvaA,porm,apenasdepoisqueacurvaC,issoocorredevidoaoaltovalordocoeficientederesistnciaviscosa,
logoacurvaB,caractersticadeumamortecimentosupercrtico.AcurvaCaprimeiraaestabilizar,issoquerdizerquea
relaoentreocoeficientederesistnciaviscosaeaconstanteelsticapossuiamelhorrelaopossvel,caractersticado
amortecimentocrtico.A,C,B.

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Exerccio34:

A0,2me0,5m/s
B0,1me3,0m/s
C0,2me1,5m/s
D0,2me2,5m/s
E0,5me1,5m/s

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(C)
Comentrios:
CAposioinicialpodeserdefinidaporinterpretaodogrfico:y(0)=0,2mNogrficohumaretatangenteascurvasno
instantezero.Ocoeficienteangulardestaretaigualaderivadatemporaldaequaodeposionoinstantezero,quepor
definioavelocidadedapartculanoinstantezero.v(0)=(0,50,2)/0,2v(0)=1,5m/s

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Exerccio35:

Ay=0,2.e(0,80.t).cos(0,72.t/4)(S.I)
By=0,4.e(0,31.t).cos(0,72.t/4)(S.I)
Cy=0,2.e(0,61.t).cos(1,43.t/3)(S.I)
Dy=0,4.e(0,61.t).cos(1,43.t+/3)(S.I)
Ey=0,4.e(0,61.t).cos(1,43.t/3)(S.I)

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(E)
Comentrios:
EAnalisandoogrficopodemosextrairaposioinicialdotermodaamplitude,ouseja,considerandoapenasacurva
exponencialauxiliar:ym.e^??=0,4ym=0,4mAgoraquetemosaamplitudeinicial,podemoscalcularafaseinicialcomo
auxiliodacurvaprincipal,ouseja,acurvaquedescreveomovimento.Aposioinicialdapartcula0,2m.0,2=0,4.cos(o)o
=arccos(0,5)o=Pi/3Agoraatravsdoperodopodemoscalcularavelocidadeangular.Pelogrficotemosqueoperodo1,4s.
w=2.Pi/1,4w=1,43.Pi(rad/s)Faltadescobrirovalordeg(gama).Paraissopegamosumpontoconhecidonogrfico,vamos
pegaroponto(10,2).0,2=0,4.e^?.cos(1,43.PiPi/3)0,5=e?.0,9541/1,84=e^??=0,61?=0,61Agora
montamosaequao:y=0,4.e^(0,61t).cos(1,43.Pi.tPi/3)(SI)
Exerccio36:

A9,23N/m0,976N/m/s0,250
B16,43N/m0,976N/m/s0,135

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C15,83N/m0,476N/m/s0,135
D26,43N/m0,276N/m/s0,046
E13,43N/m0,176N/m/s0,246

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(B)
Comentrios:
BPrimeirocalcularavelocidadeangularinicial,w0.W^2=(w0)^2g^2(1,43.Pi)^2=(w0)^2(0,61)^2(w0)^2=20,55
w0=4,5rad/sAgoracalculamosokdamola:(4,5)^2=k/m(4,5)^2.0,8=kk=16,44N/mAgoracalculamosocoeficientede
viscosidade:0,61=c/(2.0,8)c=0,976N.s/mAgoracalculamosograudeamortecimento:B=g/w0=0,61/4,5B=0,135
Exerccio37:

A4,526N/(m/s)
B3,250N/(m/s)
C7,248N/(m/s)
D1,288N/(m/s)
E5,254N/(m/s)

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(C)
Comentrios:
CPrimeirocalculamosovalordegama.g=(k/m)^(1/2)g=(16,43/0,8)^(1/2)g=4,53Agoracalculamosovalorda
constantedeviscosidade.g=c/2m4,53=c/(2.0,8)c=7,25N/(m/s)
Exerccio38:

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Ay=[0,2+2,41.t]e4,53.t(SI)
By=[0,1+2,41.t]e2,53.t(SI)
Cy=[0,22,41.t]e0,53.t(SI)
Dy=[0,35+2,41.t]e1,53.t(SI)
Ey=[0,2+1,41.t]e1,20.t(SI)

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(A)
Comentrios:
Agrfico:0,2=A1AgoracomavelocidadeinicialdescobrimosaoutraconstanteA2:1,5=[4,53.0,2+A2]2,41=A2Agora
montamosaequao:y=[0,2+2,41.t].e^(4,53t)(SI)
Exerccio39:

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A9,307N/(m/s)
B12,250N/(m/s)
C7,248N/(m/s)
D1,288N/(m/s)
E4,254N/(m/s)

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(A)
Comentrios:
AComovalordograudeamortecimentocalculamosocoeficientederesistnciaviscosa:1,2836=g/w0g=c/2mw0=
(K/m)^(1/2)Logo,1,2836=(c/2m).[(m/k)^(1/2)]1,6476=[(c2)/2,56].[0,8/16,43]86,624=c^2c=9,307N/(m/s)
Exerccio40:

Ay=0,655.e2,17.t0,455.e9,46.t(SI)
By=0,465.e2,17.t0,265.e9,46.t(SI)
Cy=0,1200.e2,17.t+0,080.e9,46.t(SI)
Dy=0,255.e2,17.t0,455.e9,46.t(SI)
Ey=0,155.e2,17.t+0,355.e+9,46.t(SI)

Oalunorespondeueacertou.Alternativa(B)
Comentrios:
BPrimeirocalculamosovalordew0edog:w0=(16,43/0,8)^(1/2)w0=4,532rad/sg=9,307/1,6g=5,817Agoracomas
condiesiniciaisy(0)=0,2m,ev(0)=1,5m/s,calculamosasconstantesA1eA2.0,2=A1+A2A2=0,2A1e,1,5=A1.
[5,817+(5,817^24,532^2)^(1/2)]+A2.[5,817(5,817^24,532^2)^(1/2)]1,5=A1.[5,817+(5,817^2
4,532^2)^(1/2)]+.(0,2A1)[5,817(5,817^24,532^2)^(1/2)]1,5=A1.(2,1703)+(0,2A1).(9,4637)3,393=
7,2934.A1A1=0,465A2=0,20,465A2=0,265Agorabastamontaraequaoesimplificar:y=
0,465.e^(5,817+3,6467)t0,265.e^(5,8173,6467)ty=0,465.e^(2,17)t0,265.e^(9,46)t(SI)

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