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Answer keys

Provincia
Andaluca
mes 2008
June

September 2008

1 Comprehension

1 Comprehension

A1 The fall in emigration in the 1970s and 1980s


made unemployment worse.
A2 In recent years, immigration has increased. Spain
is no longer a country of emigration. Illegal
immigration is a significant problem.
B1 True. Previously people emigrated from Spain to
Latin America, but during the second half of the
century, when northern and western European
countries began to employ foreign workers,
Spanish emigration altered its direction.
B2 False. Immigration is caused both by Spains
domestic situation and by socioeconomic and
political developments abroad.
B3 False. Immigrants have helped increase the
Spanish population by over 4 million.
B4 False. From the beginning, the focus has been on
controlling the massive arrival of immigrants and
combating illegal migration, which represents a
central problem for Spain.

2 Use of English
1
2
3
4
5
6

urban
domestic
of / about
loan
hadn't ridden
Mary told Ellen never to marry again. / Mary told
Ellen not to ever marry again.
7 Although some non-profit organizations have
offered them help, the situation of the newly
arrived immigrants is very poor.
8 Whose book did they find?

A1 No, they won't have to pay. They can pay what


they like, but they can also download album for
free.
A2 Conventional record companies will make less
money from selling albums, but could increase
profits by releasing special editions of CDs.
B1 False. They are not alone a growing list of
recording stars that includes Prince, Madonna ...
are willing to do this.
B2 True. The text says that they are going to sell their
new album, at least initially, exclusively as a digital
download.
B3 True. The record company can make more money
by selling the old-fashioned plastic CD as a
package, with extra new songs and photographs.
B4 False. Radiohead allow fans to decide how much
to pay for it, if anything.

2 Use of English
1
2
3
4
5

money / earnings
rights
allow
valuable
How long / How much time did some users spend
downloading a full music album years ago?
6 Radioheads new record couldnt be released last
December.
7 playing
8 Students are used to writing with computers.

3 Production
Students' own answers.

3 Production
Students' own answers.

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Aragn
June 2008

September 2008

1 1 False. For the Eskimos the Arctic environment is

1 1 True. American law does not permit racism as a

rich in resources.

2 False. The British ships had many problems in their


exploration of the Arctic in the 19th century when
supplies finished shortages would force them to
return home or even cause the entire crew to
perish.
3 False. Explorers could live in the Arctic by adopting
the methods of the natives They would wear the
same clothes and eat the same food. They would live
in igloos and hunt with the same methods.

2 1

 o, the natives already knew how to survive in the


N
Arctic.

2 No, to most city people, the Arctic looks desolate,


without resources and impossible to cross.

3 1 Although, to me, this scenery is desolate, to the


Eskimos it is rich.

2 She told me that she had never liked the Arctic


landscape.
3 If explorers had known how to do things well, they
wouldn't have failed.
4 Whereas the foreigner sees wilderness, the native
sees home.

form of discrimination. The text says that bias


and discrimination based upon race, colour, creed,
and sex are not to be accepted lawsuits have
supported this.

2 True. The text says that few question the propriety


of preventing those viewed as too old from
getting positions, or promotions.
3 False. The text says that age discrimination is a prejudice
because people continue to accept the reasoning that
younger is better but this is not based on fact.

2 1 No, sex discrimination is not supported by American


laws or the American Constitution.

2 Yes, age discrimination exists: older people can be


fired, or passed over for employment or promotion
in favour of younger people.

3 1 If I were younger, I would be able to / could work here.


2 This right has been supported by many lawsuits.
3 Although there are some forms of discrimination
in their country, they only take place occasionally.
4 If I had been younger, I would have got this job.

4 Students' own answers.

4 Students'
own answers.

Asturias
June 2008

1 You know your car will stop working at any moment


when it starts to make strange noises.

2 No, he doesn't like either option. Going to a mechanic


involves many obvious and numerous difficulties.
Repairing the car yourself involves having to think and
to work.

3 The programme is attractive to listeners because the

presenters have fun listening to other people's


problems, laughing about them, and sometimes they
offer expert advice.

4 A 1 can't
2 by
3 car park
4 drove

B Group 1: /a/ sound, down, house


Group 2: // own, phone, so
Group 3: /u/ you, do, through

5 1 began
4 decided

2 would break down


5 to take

3 trying

6 would not be ready

6 Students'
own answers.

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Asturias
September 2008

1 Cosmetic articles and containers have been found in


tombs of the kings and queens.

2 Although
cosmetics probably began in China, we do not

have evidence from there. Many of the ingredients used


in cosmetics came from Arabia, and preparing cosmetics
was a specialised and mysterious process. We know that
Egyptian ladies used paints to improve their personal
beauty, especially in Cleopatra's time. They made up their
eyes by painting them green below and black above.

3 One
difference was that the Egyptians used unguent

vases, while we use designer bottles today. The make-up


of the eyes was similar to today.

4 a

1 eyes, lips, eye-lashes, eye-brows 2 nails

b
1 face 2 paints 3 most

5 1 
Unguent vases have been replaced by expensive
designer bottles today.

2 Although it is quite probable that cosmetics had


their origin in China, it is necessary to turn to Egypt
for the earliest records.
3 He told her that if she painted her eyes green, they
would look brighter.

6 Students'
own answers.

Cantabria
June 2007

September 2007

1 a True. The text says that scientific information from

1 a True. British scientists have built what they say is

the USA on how living near a motorway affects


childrens health has related motorway pollution
to permanent damage to children's lungs.

b True. They studied 3,677 children They


measured their lung capacity between the ages
of 10 and 18.
c True. Previous research by the same scientists
showed that children who grew up in areas of high
pollution and car fumes were more likely to develop
asthma.
d False. They measured their lung capacity
annually.

2 a British health officials are studying how exposure to


traffic pollution affects children's health.

b The children lived in 12 different parts of California.


The places had different air qualities, so some were
probably not polluted.

3 a affect

b prevent

c closest

4 a If scientists had warned governments about


pollution, action would have been taken.

b The group studied over three thousand children and


measured their lung capacity.
c I've always had asthma and my brother (has) too,
the teenager said.

5 Students' own answers.

the world's first artificial stomach and intestine: a


shiny, high-tech box that physically simulates
human digestion.

b True. Previous models were really just different


bottles containing all types of chemical liquids, used
to test and measure the possible chemical reactions
in the stomach.
c True. Computer software controls what happens
inside the artificial stomach how long food
remains in a particular part of the stomach, the
hormone responses at various stages, and if it is
an infant or adult stomach.
d False. There are various commercial interests One
company wants to use it to test if a biscuit can liberate
a specific nutrient in the small intestine. Another
group wants to determine if soil contaminants, which
could potentially be swallowed by children playing
outside, get absorbed by the human body.

2 a

 ccording to Dr Wickham, the research could help


A
in the treatment of obesity, and understanding how
quickly glucose gets absorbed in the bloodstream
could help treat diabetes in the future.

b The artificial intestine doesn't need much space it is


only a bit bigger than a computer. It works in the
following way: first stomach acids and digestive
chemicals are mixed together in the opening; then
the food is broken into tiny pieces in the artificial
stomach (a metal tube inside a dark transparent box).
Other stomach processes are controlled by computer.

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Cantabria
September 2007

3 a withstand
4 a

b ultimately

c rudimentary

 r Wickham stated that there had been lots of


D
amateur models of digestion before but that his
was a far more accurate imitation of an intestine.

c A model stomach has recently been designed and


the digestive process (has been) measured with six
types of drink.

5 Students
own answers.

b If soil contaminants could be made more harmless,


children would not be in danger if they swallowed
them.

Castilla y Len
June 2008

September 2008

1 a

1 a

E lderly people suffer abuse in many countries, both


at home and in institutions.

b Widows risk being abandoned and losing their


property. Women may also be treated as slaves.
c Mara had been diagnosed with a terminal disease
and her husband and son did not want to spend
money or time on medical treatment for her.

2 a

 istreatment of the elderly seems to have been less


M
well studied than that of children.

b Around five per cent of older men and women are


thought to experience some form of abuse in the
home.
c Although I never saw Mara again, I guessed she was
hidden in the house and probably very sick so I
called the doctor and explained the situation.
d Who was she abused by?

3 a gradually

b recognized

c inferior

d risk

4 Students' own answers.

T here is no waiting list to see your family doctor,


and a doctor is always available, so you will
normally be seen within 24 hours.

b The family doctor will see the patient immediately,


either at home or in the surgery, and emergencies
are dealt with by the family doctor or by a qualified
substitute.
c Give your doctor the information directly with only
the necessary amount of detail. If the doctor doesnt
understand, stay calm and explain quietly.

2 a

T he doctor told his patient to call him if he felt more


pain or the breathing got more difficult, and during
the next days to sleep as many hours as he could.

b are, having
c Now he feels sick and drowsy, but if John had
received good treatment before he wouldn't feel so
bad / would feel better.
d How can your doctor be helped to save time?

3 a seeking

b smoothly

c frightened

d help

4 Students'
own answers.

Castilla-la Mancha
June 2008

1 Reading comprehension
1 True. The USA has more dogs and cats than any
other country.
2 False. Having a pet can decrease feelings of
loneliness.
3 True. People who have had a heart attack survive
longer with a pet than without.
4 False. Any animal has the potential to make your
life more pleasant.

2A

Expressing the main idea

1 People who have pets behave towards them in the


same way as they do to their family members.
2 Pets can help people suffering stress by reducing
their anxiety levels.

2B

Lexicon
1 treat

2 blood

3 social

4 cats

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Castilla-la Mancha
June 2008

2C

4 This is the most beautiful mosque I've ever seen.

Phonetics

1 owners, dogs, levels, lines, studies, others


2 patience, nation, raising, make

3 Use of English

5 If he had remembered my birthday he would have


called me. OR If he hadn't forgotten my birthday he
would have called me.
6 People can / may smoke in this bar.

1 I last got an e-mail from him two months ago.


2 He suggested that I call him the following day.
3 I am having my eyes tested next Friday.

4 Composition
Students' own answers.

September 2008

1 Reading comprehension
1 False. Men are naturally funnier than women.
2 True. Shuster believes the male hormone
testosterone is the cause of men being funnier.
3 True. It is a fact that male comedians are greater
in number than female ones.
4 False. Married men seem to like making jokes
about mothers-in-law.

2A

Phonetics

1 claim, male, changed


2 /z/
3 /d/, /d/

3 Use of English
1 This is the man whose job is very dangerous. OR
This is the man who has a very dangerous job.
2 I've had my television repaired.

Expressing the main idea

1 Men tell more jokes, including jokes about


themselves and people they know, and their jokes
are often negative. Men also make offensive
comments. Women do not do this, and only smile
at this type of joke.
2 Older men are less aggressive in their humour,
and their jokes are funnier. The aggression may be
related to testosterone.

2B

2C

3 She stopped going to / having French lessons.


4 I wished I hadn't hit the dog on the head.
5 You are better at English than I am / me.
6 Who knew where the thief was hidden?

4 Composition
Students' own answers.

Lexicon
1 findings

2 claims

3 comedians

4 career

Catalunya
June 2008

September 2008

1 Reading comprehension

1 Reading comprehension
1c

2c

3b

4c

5d

6d

7c

8c

Students' own answers.

3d

4b

5a

6d

7d

8b

6d

7b

8d

Students' own answers.

3 Listening
2a

2d

2 Writing

2 Writing

1d

1a

3 Listening
3b 4c

5a

6d

7c

8a

1b

2c

3b

4a

5c

To listen to the recording, follow this link:

To listen to the recording, follow this link:

http://www.gencat.cat/diue/ambits/ur/universitats/acces/
vies/pau/examens/index.html

http://www.gencat.cat/diue/ambits/ur/universitats/acces/
vies/pau/examens/index.html

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Extremadura
June 2008

September 2008

1 Students' own answers.

1 Students' own answers.

2 The young people most likely to become homeless are

2 It's important for cooking to be taught in schools

those whose families have broken down.

3 Students' own answers.


4 Young people who receive assistance from their

families alternate between attending school, living


independently, and staying with their families.

5 ea in healthy /e/: prevalence, measure, levels, mental,


reflection, attend, help, estimated, sexual

ou in youth /u/: communities, tuition, abuse


ow in low //: homelessness, prone

because, firstly, if people don't know how to prepare


food they will only be able to eat pre-prepared or fast
foods, and secondly because knowledge about food
gives people a choice of what to eat. Without this
knowledge, people are becoming obese.

3 Students' own answers.


4 She said (that) they had / they'd taught students who
seriously thought (that) a bowl of tinned tuna was
donkey meat.

5 a in want //: not, popular, consequences, chop,


option, donkey, problem

ea in please /i/: people, leaving, feeding, obesity, teach


a in basic /e/: timetables, educational, make, disgraceful

Galicia
June 2008

1 In Britain, there are more divorces than before and

less / fewer marriages. These days people live together


instead of getting married, and modern families are
different from / than / to traditional ones. Usually the
woman asks for a divorce, not the man, because her
husband is cruel or not reasonable.

2 a

T here are fewer / less marriages (now) (than before).


/ There are fewer and fewer / less and less marriages
these days. / People don't get married as much as
they did / used to.

b More women than men apply for / ask for / demand


a divorce. / Fewer men than women apply for / ask
for / demand a divorce.

3 a

T here are so many divorces in Britain (that) many


young people prefer simply to live together.

4 a

T he traditional family is in crisis in Britain because


not so many people get married as before. They
prefer to live together. Some people do not keep
their promises when they get married. Besides,
women do not tolerate cruel and unreasonable
behaviour from their husbands, so more of them
apply for divorce these days.

b Women want to get a divorce more often than


men because they will not tolerate their husbands'
cruel and unreasonable behaviour as much as they
used to.

5 Students' own answers.


Listening Test

b He advised her to get a divorce if she was unhappy


with her husband.

1b

2b

3c

4b

5a

6a

7c

c Women will not tolerate so much as / as much as


they used to.

http://ciug.cesga.es/marcopaau.html

8b

9a

10 b

To listen to the recording, follow this link:

d Women often ask for / get a divorce because of


(their husbands') unreasonable or cruel behaviour /
because their husbands are unreasonable or cruel.

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Galicia
September 2008

1 He writes many funny and difficult questions for the

Trivial Pursuit game, which is very hard. He invented it


over twenty years ago with three other people in
Canada, and it is so good that millions of people have
bought it all over the world. Sometimes he finds
surprising answers.

2 a

It's very laborious work means that the work is


difficult and takes a long time
b Hardly anybody bought the game means that very
few people bought the game.

3 a

I regret inventing it / having invented it.

b It was such a good game (that) millions of people


bought it.
c In 45 minutes we (had) invented the rules.
d Sugar, not chocolate or cocoa, is the correct answer.

4 a

T he main problems are, firstly, that sometimes he is


not inspired and then it is very laborious work. Also,
it is hard to invent questions that are both funny and
difficult, and finally, it is not always easy to give the
correct answer, which is sometimes a surprising one.

b The inventors all invested some money at the


beginning, but they received more money from a
banker in Toronto in order to produce a lot of copies.
He lent it to them because it was a very good game,
so it became successful all over the world.

5 Students' own answers.


Listening Test
1c

2 c

3b

4a

5b

6c

7b

8b

9b

10 a

To listen to the recording, follow this link:


http://ciug.cesga.es/marcopaau.html

Illes Balears
June 2008

September 2008

1 a

1 a

T rue. According to the text, a lack of sufficient


sleep can diminish the immune system, and even
increase the risk of diseases like diabetes.
b True. The text states that sleep is a biological need,
much like food and water.
c False. Lack of sleep affects the US economy because
people's daytime sleepiness interferes with their
daily work and this causes as much as 50 billion
dollars in lost productivity.
d False. The text says that people do not know they
are carrying a huge sleep debt.

2 a

 illiam Dement says that the fact that modern


W
American culture is dependent on caffeine shows
that people suffer from sleepiness.

b Carl Hunt says that lack of sleep causes people to


suffer changes of mood and sometimes even to
hallucinate.

3 a average

b mood

4 a

c lack

d huge

 ow long did you sleep (for) last night?


H
b People who don't get enough sleep are later unable
to concentrate.
c You should / ought to get some sleep before the
examination.
d She asked Peter how much coffee he had drunk the
previous day.

5 Students' own answers.

T rue. The text says that we are happiest towards


the beginning and end of our lives, leaving us most
miserable in middle years between 40 and 50
b True. According to the text, people's levels of happiness
followed a pattern that was remarkably consistent in
the vast majority of countries the researchers looked at.
c False. The researchers found that people's mid-life
depression was irrespective of socioeconomic status,
whether they had children, were divorced, or were
facing changes in jobs or income.
d True. According to the text, by the time you are 70,
if you are still physically fit then on average you are
as happy and mentally healthy as a 20-year-old.

2 a

T he researchers think that happiness is related to age


not to other factors because they found common
patterns of mid-life depression in all types of people in
all parts of the world. For example, it did not matter
whether people were married, or had children or not.
They also found common patterns of happiness.
b The results of this study could help middle-aged
people by showing them that their feelings are
normal, and that they will probably feel happier again
later in life. This will help them to feel more positive.

3 a team

b remarkably

c cheerful

d wonder

4 a

How long have you been practising sport (for)?


b This game can be played by people of all ages.
c She advised me to relax and take things easy.
d I wish I was / were younger.

5 Students' own answers.


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Islas Canarias
June 2008

1 a

 IDS is caused by HIV. HIV can pass from an


A
infected person through unprotected sex and by
sharing needles, so you should avoid these
behaviours.

b HIV is a virus that reduces your immune system. This


means that the body loses its power to resist illness.

2 a

F alse. The text says that not everyone who has the
virus looks sick.

4 Even
though the total number of victims has declined,

this is not the case in developing countries.

Although it has been used to alleviate some symptoms,


acupuncture cannot cure the HIV infection.
There are no recorded cases of infection being
transmitted through the saliva, tears or urine of infected
individuals.

5 Students'
own answers.

b False. Scientists around the world are trying to find


a cure for AIDS.

3 a

power = capacity, force

b pass = go, be transferred


c through = due to, by means of, because of
d way = method, system
e eventually = finally, after some time, in the end
f safe dangerous, unsafe, unprotected

September 2008

1 a

P eople you contact on the web may invent things


about themselves, so you can't believe what they
tell you.

b The Internet has many uses, including finding


information, downloading music and
communication with other people.

2 a

T rue. When you use the Internet you have to be


careful and use good judgment and a little
common sense.

b False. Although you should always be careful, it is


only dangerous if you've never met the person that
you're communicating with online.

3 a

c giant = enormous, very big


d to stick = put, post
e ground = place, position
f make up = invent

4 She'll
buy a new computer provided that it isn't too

expensive.

Our teacher asked us not to search the net for


information.
Such a valuable resource has never been available to so
many people.

5 Students'
own answers.

kid = child, young person

b resource = something that can help you to function


well or improve

La Rioja
June 2008

1 a

S ocial philosophies and religions talk about poverty


because reducing poverty is a moral issue.

b According to Amartya Sen, a liberal society must try


to make it possible for its citizens to have an equal
possibility to have a reasonably long life, to enjoy
adequate food, health, and to function in society.

2 a

You'd better think about the problem of poverty.

b He said (that) the poor were and always would be


with us.
c You are not poor but you do not need / have to /
need not be poor to understand poverty.
d There are some countries where poverty is extreme.

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La Rioja
June 2008

3A 1 to deal with

2 profound

3 approach

4 improve

4 Poverty is the most serious problem the world faces. It


takes away the possibility for people to develop their
potential. Philosophers agree that it is society's
responsibility to help the poorest people.

3B 1 results in / has the result


2 removes / takes away
3 commitment
4 laureate

5 Students'
own answers.

September 2008

1 a

P overty levels in Greece are the same as in Spain,


while in Portugal, Ireland and Slovakia they are
worse.

b Extremadura is considered the poorest region in


Spain, and Navarre and the Madrid the richest,
because the former has the lowest average annual
household income, and the latter two have the
highest average household incomes.

2 a

I have had my car repaired (by a mechanic) recently.

b Slovakia, whose national income is low, is a very


poor country.
c She asked him what he would do when he finished
his high school studies.

3B


1 Likely means probable.


2Ranks indicates here the degree or level
Extremadura has in comparison to other regions.
3income
4afford

4 Many Spanish people live in poverty, especially in

regions like Extremadura and Andalusia. This situation


is not changing, and is similar to some other European
Union countries. Certain population groups, especially
elderly people, are more likely to be poor.

5 Students'
own answers.

d I stopped talking on the phone because the food


was burning in the kitchen.

3A 1Slightly is an adverb that means by a small


amount, a little.
2Households are groups of people (usually
families) living together in the same house.
3 figure
4 survey

Madrid
June 2008

1 a

F alse. The text says that men are just as likely as


women to suffer from compulsive buying.

b True. Doctors have concluded that this behaviour is


a way for people to try to complete themselves.

2 a

P eople with Compulsive Buying Disorder often think


about shopping, and have unreasonable urges to
buy things they do not need. They also spend so
much money that it can cause problems in their
relationships and in their work.

b The main difference between women and men with


Compulsive Buying Disorder is that women buy
more things for their physical appearance, such as
clothes, while men usually buy technical devices.
Men sometimes also collect things compulsively.

3 a

finding

b rocketed
c trends
d seeking

4 a

be experienced / with

b admitting / for
c should / than
d Yesterday the salesman told me not to pay then.

5 Students' own answers.

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Madrid
September 2008

1 a

F alse. The term has existed for a long time and is


associated with sedentary children who are
exposed to too much television.

b True. Some researchers think that there will be many


similar products: computer-integrated clothing
which will allow clothes to monitor our health.

2 a

T his invention measures how many steps the


wearer has taken, and a wireless transmitter passes
the information to a receiver connected to the
television, allowing them to watch a related
amount of television. If they have taken 12,000
steps, it will allow them to watch a maximum two
hours of television, after which the television will
automatically turn off.

b The invention will also make the whole family think


about the time they spend sitting down, and
encourage them to become more active.

3 a concerns
4 a

b expired

c device

d bring about

easiest / from

b which
c of / has increased OR is increasing
d watching / tries / spent

5 Students' own answers.

Murcia
June 2008

September 2008

1 1

1 1

average and mean

loyal and faithful

2 ancient and old

2 survey and review

3 thin and narrow

3 elderly and senior

4 core and heart

4 severe and critical

5 famous and known

5 risk and danger

2 1

2 1 c

d

2 b

3 a

3 a

 t first, people started to write on papyrus using a


A
thin metal rod.

b The discovery of a large graphite deposit brought


graphite into wide use in the 16th century.
c Famous companies like Faber-Castell were
established in the 18th and 19th centuries.
d Nremberg was where pencils were first massproduced.

4 a at

e of

b are c to d used
f started OR began

5 Early
writing instruments used lead, a soft metal, to

make a mark, but this was later replaced by graphite.


Lead is toxic, unlike graphite. Graphite is soft and
breaks easily so it needs a holder, but it makes a darker
mark than lead.

6 Students'
own answers.

2d
P eople can benefit both physically and
psychologically from keeping animals.

b Loyalty and attractive appearance are two important


characteristics of pets.
c In most western countries cats and dogs are the
most popular pets.
d A high percentage of pet owners lead a longer,
healthier life.

4 a

found / discovered

b spent
c found / discovered / concluded
d reduces
e under
f says

5 People who have animals around them suffer from

reduced stress, and are stimulated by caring for them.


Having a pet also helps them to take exercise. There is
evidence that pet owners live longer lives, have lower
blood pressure and can even be helped to avoid heart
disease.

6 Students'
own answers.

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Navarra
June 2008

September 2008

1 Young people earn very low salaries and cannot afford

1 Teachers are frightened that there may be an accident,

to buy or rent their own homes. They find that banks


make mortgages very expensive, and are also worried
about the bills that come with living away from home.

2 1

T rue. According to a recent survey, only 41.8% of


young people under 34 in the community have
flown the nest and most of these are over 30.

2 False. The text doesn't say anything about helping


in the house and one of the people mentioned says
I hate cooking I hate ironing.
3 False. The text emphasises the importance of the
family in Spain, particularly in rural areas It is not
uncommon to find entire clans regularly
gathering together for Sunday dinner.
4 False. The text says its not surprising that there are
plenty of people in their twenties and thirties who,
even if they could afford to, would not leave home
because they are perfectly contented where they are.
5 True. I hate cooking, so Ill never be able to get
married.
6 True. She says I get on really well with my mum.
7 False. Some of those in their twenties who have
already left home share the view that failure to do
so is largely due to a reluctance to give up the many
comforts they have become accustomed to.
8 True. She says If I was single, which shows that she
is not single.

3 a

afford

causing death or injury to a pupil, and that they would


be prosecuted as a result.

2 1 c B oth teachers and schools might suffer the

consequences of students' accidents during trips.


in a number of cases, schools or individuals have
been prosecuted or jailed when things go wrong.

2 a E llis's union called for a boycott of school trips after


he had been found guilty of homicide the year
before. The following year, Ellis's union called for
its 223,000 members to boycott trips.
3aK
 eeping school trips has become top priority for
Education Secretary. The Department for
Education and Skills wants to ensure every
pupil gets regular time outside the classroom,
The Education Secretary announced 2.7 million
dedicated to putting school trips at the top of
the agenda.
4 a P arents as well as politicians consider that taking
children on trips contributes significantly to their
education. Parents, teachers and politicians all
agree that the value of taking children on school
trips can be huge.

3 a

drowned

b no longer
c relating to
d dedicated
e fund

b unlikely

4 1

c owning

other

5 where

d largely

2 about

6 that

e appeal

3 many

7 already

4 who

8 whether

4 1

slowly

5 most

2 rising

6 early

3 for

7 older

4 how

8 having

5 Students' own answers.

5 Students' own answers.

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Euskadi
June 2008

September 2008

1 1

1 1

 ome to a cross-roads means you are at a point


C
where your decision will affect your future life.

The mermaid's head is missing.

2 Doing research is important because it will help you


select the right university course for the right reasons.

2 The statue is very important, especially for tourism.


It is a symbol of the city, just as Big Ben and the
Eiffel Tower are.

3 In Britain the most usual time for students to take a


year off is just before going to university.

3 It is based on Christian Andersen's story about the


Sea King's daughter.

4 Students can take permanent jobs which allow them


to attend university part-time during the company's
time in order to study for professional qualifications.

4 Because the head of a ship's figurehead was found


in a ladies' toilet in a shop a few months earlier,
police suspect that a woman with mental health
problems is responsible for both acts of vandalism.

2 1

F alse. The writer emphasises that it is difficult to make


these decisions it is a daunting task and requires
careful research it is important that you research
the institution and its location before applying.

2 True. The writer says that open days are very


helpful Attending open days can help you
discover the good and bad points of a place as well
as give you an idea about whether you will feel
comfortable spending several years there.

3 1 daunting

2 gap 3 work experience programmes


4 turning down

2 1

F alse. Frogmen scouring the harbour near the


statue failed to find the Little Mermaids bronze
head.

2 True. Two youths on roller-skates seen near the


landmark early on Tuesday morning have not
responded yet to police requests to help in the
investigation.

3 1 clues

2 landmark 3 backfire 4 symbol

4 Students' own answers.

4 Students'
own answers.

Comunitat Valenciana
June 2008

September 2008

1 a

1 a

T he AZA say 2008 should be the Year of the Frog


because frogs are becoming extinct.

b The word means double life because amphibians


have two different stages in their lives: as tadpoles,
which only live in water, and then with legs, able to
live on land.

2 a

F alse. The text does not say anything about this,


but refers to the number of species which could be
come extinct which would be the largest mass
extinction since the disappearance of the
dinosaurs.

b True. The text says they are the most common type of
amphibian About 4,000 species of amphibians exist
worldwide and most of them are frogs and toads.
c False. Their skin is not waterproof the skin is
highly permeable to water.

3 a moistened

b petition

4 1 a 2 c 3 c
5 Students' own answers.

c concern

d rate

T hey avoided going out because they are afraid of


meeting groups of children.

b According to Gordon Brown, kids are in the streets


until late at night. There are gangs and there is also
gun crime and knife crime.

2 a

T rue. They drink alcohol and become violent The


English boys and girls who casually pick fights are
often fuelled by cheap alcohol.

b False. The text shows that Gordon Brown is worried


about children's behaviour, but an expert complains
the government are more worried about
bombs - Id be really worried, not about
terrorist bombs but about this.
c True. The text suggests this is true It may be that
parents arent always around to help socialize their
children or even just to show them affection.

3 a significant
4 1 b

2b

b encounters

c frightened

d worried

3a

5 Students' own answers.

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