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EIGHT KEY POLITICAL PHASES IN ARGENTINAS HISTORY

Colony
Confederation Oligarchy
1492

1810

1862

Radicals

Infamou
s d.

1912

1930

1903: Radicals force was born


1912: Strikes and social discontent lead to an
universal vote
Radicals got to the power and several social
reforms are implemented such as a free
college education
Oligarchy started a plot to retain power

1943

Peron

Army Democracy

1955

1983

Today

EIGHT KEY POLITICAL PHASES IN ARGENTINAS HISTORY


1

Colony
Confederation Oligarchy
1492

1810

1862

Radicals

Infamou
s d.

1912

1930

1943

Peron

Army Democracy

1955

1983

Today

Oligarchy plotted with the army to retain


power
Army executed several state coups during this
period
All elected democratic governments could not
finish their government
The army started a period of strong power and
influence
Exclusion and fraud were again the rule, not
the exception

EIGHT KEY POLITICAL PHASES IN ARGENTINAS HISTORY


1

Colony
Confederation Oligarchy
1492

1810

1862

Radicals

Infamou
s d.

1912

1930

1943

Peron

Army Democracy

1955

1983

Today

A colonel Juan Domingo Peron implemented


politics to improve working and social
conditions (paid holidays, retirement funds,
etc)
Army thought Peron could be the transition to
democracy to retain power Election:
Justicialismo force is born
When Juan and Eva Peron got to the power,
Argentina was extremely rich due to the
Second World War (the worlds breadbasket)
They built schools and hospitals and provided
help for the poor (clientelism)

EIGHT KEY POLITICAL PHASES IN ARGENTINAS HISTORY


1

Colony
Confederation Oligarchy
1492

1810

1862

Radicals

Infamou
s d.

1912

1930

1943

Peron

Army Democracy

1955

1983

Today

1955: New army coup. Peron exiled to Spain


Again army governments were a common
scheme
1973: Peron came back and got elected but he
died one year after
1976: Army got to the power again and the
most obscure part of our history started:
30,000 people were taken, tortured and
executed by the government
International banks and organizations backed
the governments