This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Origami Bonsai Accessories
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010, Benjamin John Coleman, all rights reserved. This document is not to be reproduced in any way without the express written consent of Benjamin John Coleman. Origami Bonsai® is a registered trademark of Benjamin John Coleman, all rights reserved. I would like to thank Gretchen Anderson for helping me develop new Makigami rolling solutions as well as John and Annette Coleman for helping edit this book.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
1. Introduction 2. Makigami Charms and Little Things 3. Simple Planters 4. Faux Wood Finishes 5. Fractal Wave Planters 6. Shallow Tapered Planters 7. Useful Crescents 8. Teardrop Makigami Pendants Quick Reference Guide and Videos
Page 3 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
However. Paper has been used to make everything from clothing to armor.000 BCE. glass. Paper was largely forgotten and became associated solely with the publication of documents and production of cardboard. Ceramics were first created in about 29. Interestingly. the ball of plastic will endure and the bones will not. Throughout our history paper appears not just as a medium for documentation. Paper gets its strength from these individual fibers which become entangled in a chaotic pattern within the material. Animals mistake plastic for food. metals in 6. more durable and capable of making things that had been previously reserved to ceramics and glass. But far worse is what happens to plastic that doesn’t make it to the landfill. paper innovations had come to a virtual standstill by 1900. hemp and other plant matter. their bellies filled with so much plastic that there is no room for food. We quickly developed molding techniques that make plastic our most versatile resource for mass production. but on a microscopic scale. Plastic has unique properties that made it a suitable replacement for common items that previously had been made from metals and ceramics. It is an inexpensive material that affords us the luxury of making “disposable” and “one‐time‐use” products. glass in 3. and the oceans of our planet are full of the stuff. Paper has become one of the most versatile materials made by man. plastics and papers. Dominance of Plastics The eye of innovation was drawn away from paper when plastic was invented in 1862. Early recipes for paper included the use of bark. Our society clings to plastic in an uncomfortable embrace. Introduction Evolution of Man Made Materials The most commonly known man made materials are ceramics. metals. In the South Pacific islands it is not uncommon to find birds that have starved to death. at the same time we are very aware that the plastic disposable razor we used this morning will persist more than 450 years in the landfill where it was disposed. skeletal frames. Plastic has become common in the environment.000 BCE. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 4 . Plastic shopping bags fly like flags from trees. Paper was invented by the Chinese but was very different from the paper we commonly encounter today. Plastic is waterproof. and plastic in 1862. each one with a compacted ball of plastic in its center.Origami Bonsai Accessories I. This slaw was then poured into molds and allowed to dry. The plant matter was broken down to individual fibers creating paper pulp which resembles coleslaw. Sadly.000 BCE. paper in 105 AD. These manmade materials have been extensively explored and we have developed many useful products from them. Their bones lay in little heaps along beautiful beaches. but also as the primary component of various inventions.
My Intention in Publishing this Book After inventing Makigami I immediately considered patenting the material. Makigami molding requires significantly more thought. My intention is to open your mind and unleash your creativity. Manufacturers have been working with plastics for years. adding a few ingredients to the saturating solution. whether that is in the form of beautiful creations. and others. Plastics are poured into molds. with examples that include cotton swabs and lollipop sticks (which are actually twisted paper. This is the fundamental difference between Makigami molding and plastic molding. Universities Page 5 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . After great consideration I realized I neither had the funds nor the desire to control this new eco‐friendly material. Revisiting an Old Material During the 1. and perhaps the solution is Makigami. The molding process for Makigami is very different from that of plastics. In this book I have included descriptions of how to make fine. making those sticks thicker. no one took the next step. The process for making Makigami is simple. but also included are instructions for making more useful and common items. Certainly there were attempts at something similar. artistic creations. chopsticks. There is much to discover in this new craft. They have no interest in pursuing a material that will cost them millions in development efforts. or revolutionary eco‐friendly consumer products. paper is cut into strips and then saturated in a special solution. and have invested billions of dollars in infrastructure to support their development. and perhaps your creation will result in widening the appeal of Makigami. The question is: is there another way we can maintain our standard of living and protect the environment at the same time? Perhaps there is. It could also be argued that plastic led to modern economies that are based on consumption. and all disposable consumer products. as well as universities like MIT.800 years that paper was a primary material for the production of goods. not rolled). how a Makigami product was created is usually not apparent.Origami Bonsai Accessories It could be argued that this rise in the use of plastic as the primary material for manufacture resulted in a much higher standard of living. I contacted major companies like Bic. for some reason. I did a significant amount of research. Gillette. they know how to make virtually anything from them. While these guides may reflect the final shape of the finished product. Makigami uses cylindrical and other objects as guides. I wanted them to consider using my material for products like toothbrushes. it is rolled and then attached to molds and allowed to dry. and achieving a resultant product that is surprisingly similar to wood. no one ever saturated paper with a liquid and rolled it. But until now. My inquiries went unanswered. and could not find any references to the rolling of paper by this method. As you complete the projects in this book you should think about other possible projects. Makigami literally means “roll‐paper” in Japanese and was invented by Benjamin John Coleman in 2009. Once dry the rolled Makigami pieces retain their shape.
What you Will Need: Wood Glue: I use a waterproof wood glue. Do not try to use deep cookie sheets (with a taller lip) as this will interfere with the rolling process. Newspaper: Virtually any newspaper will work. My hope is that people involved in the development of plastic products find it. Hot Melt Glue Gun and Glue Sticks: You’ll need a standard hot melt glue gun and a bunch of glue sticks. We use these to attach Makigami strips to oddly shaped molds. they can be combined. Cornstarch: Any brand of dry cornstarch will be fine. black. Be advised. These colors will be mixed to create green and various other shades. red. there are some newspapers that vary the weight of their paper. Buy a large container of it. And just like mathematical theorems. will be rediscovered. Nylon Stockings: You should buy a few pairs of nylon stockings. Trays: You will need two cookie sheets that have less than a one inch lip. allowing future generations to create virtually anything they need from paper. You will find “building blocks” in each chapter. Paint Brush: Purchase a paint brush that is about one inch wide. These building blocks are highlighted like theorems of a mathematics textbook. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 6 . blue and yellow acrylic paints. In the coming years perhaps this will change. Our planet faces environmental challenges that threaten the existence of all species. Sheets on the outside of sections will be of a heavier grade than sheets on the inside. which has a carbon‐negative footprint and can be repeatedly recycled. and use it to create a new generation of easily recyclable consumer products. These will be used to saturate the newspaper prior to rolling. This becomes quite frustrating during the rolling process.Origami Bonsai Accessories like MIT are busy developing much stronger. I believe that recycling efforts will intensify. You will not need a lot of it. Acrylic Paint: You will need large containers of white. This book has been written as a basic manual for building virtually anything from paper. Try to use the same weight of paper in each project. Wire Cutters: Makigami is too strong for scissors. specialty materials and have little interest in researching a simple material like Makigami designed for widespread use. This means that some newspapers will require that you regroup the differently weighted pages. and that materials like paper. We use wire cutters to trim our creations prior to painting them.
The half‐fold folds the sheet in half. and the quarter fold. which is performed after the half fold. These items will not be damaged during the molding process and can be returned to their normal uses after the Makigami dries. The molds we will use in this book include: a closet clothes hanger bar. a large deep cooking pan.Origami Bonsai Accessories Molds: Many household items can be used as molds for Makigami. one sheet of newsprint shall be defined as one double‐sided sheet of paper which corresponds to four pages of a newspaper. Each sheet of newsprint has two folds. For the purposes of this book. an American football. folds the sheet into quarters. Half‐pages of newsprint will not be used in this work. it is important that I define a piece of newsprint. and some tumblers (glasses). Page 7 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Definition of Terms for Newsprint In order to properly convey instructions.
Below are the basic types of tapers I will use in this book.Origami Bonsai Accessories Different Types of Taper One of the most powerful aspects of the Makigami art form is the ability to create various types of taper. Each taper has a corresponding technique for rolling. so you might want to bookmark or fold down the corner of this page so you can refer back to it. while applying extra pressure. You will find that double‐ended tapered Makigami strips tend to rip in half during the rolling process. allows thicker bulging strips to be rolled successfully. You will learn that tapers have different applications which can add tremendous visual impact to your creations. additional sheets tend to ripple on the edges of the bulge. Repeated rolling. Different types of taper are defined below. Bulging tapered strips have a slightly different problem. with the exception of double‐ended taper and bulging taper. Narrow Constant Taper Makigami strips with narrow constant taper mimic the stems of vines and some fast‐growing trees. These shallow tapered stems are useful for making trees and various accessories. Each picture shows a cut piece of newsprint and the corresponding Makigami shape it produces. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 8 . No Taper Taper‐less strips have many applications and are the easiest to make. Most of the taper types below can be made thicker by adding additional sheets of newsprint cut to the same size and shape. You will learn rolling techniques for each type of taper as they are used later in this book.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Thick Constant Taper This is the type of taper you find among slow‐growing trees. Exponential Decay Taper This type of taper starts out thick. Only recently developed. but quickly becomes narrow. It’s a bit harder to roll. I have just begun to think about applications for bulging taper Makigami strips. The strip shown was made using several sheets of newsprint cut into the same shape. This shape is useful for all types of Makigami projects. I suspect they will be useful in the creation of bonsai planters that transition from narrow to wide and then narrow again. Page 9 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . but they could also be used to make paper buttons. so pay special attention to the rolling technique. Double‐Ended Taper This double‐ended taper shape is useful for creating Makigami bowls and other types of sculpture. and stays narrow for a long time. I’ve found this taper to be useful for coiling Makigami discs like the ones I use for mushroom caps. Bulging Taper Strips with bulging taper can be used for mushroom stems.
The paper was almost transparent. and looked more like cloth than paper. The long fibers were mostly parallel (aligned in the same direction). Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper.Origami Bonsai Accessories Fiber Orientation within Different Papers Papers like newsprint are most commonly made from trees. as shown by the arrow. but I didn’t. A close‐up (left) reveals the fibers which flow horizontally across the paper. I was wrong and wasted a large amount of it (pictured above). I assumed the paper would roll more easily by rolling against the long fibers. I should have cut a small piece and tested its rolling properties before I started the project. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 10 . It is virtually impossible to roll this paper in the direction of the fibers. however there are other papers made from different plants. The paper was composed of extremely long fibers (I believe it was cotton).. instead it must be rolled perpendicular to the longest fibers. I decided to make some Makigami strips from the paper and learned a lot in the process. and I could see smaller fibers perpendicular to the longer fibers. Recently a friend of mine traveled to India where he stumbled upon some odd paper and bought it for me.
The rolling rule. Note the direction of the clean tear. We can easily test the newsprint to determine the proper rolling direction by tearing a piece of it. I wish I had more of this paper to experiment with.Origami Bonsai Accessories This actually makes sense when you consider the finished strip. the individual fibers become tightly packed and run from the narrow tip of the strip all the way to the other end. either horizontally or vertically. Page 11 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .” holds true for newsprint even though we can’t see the individual fibers. the strips above are far more flexible than I am used to. In thicker areas. a clean tear suggests you’re tearing parallel to the fibers. however there might be a different use for them. When mixed with the yellow liquid. the individual layers of paper separated. After being unable to roll the sheets pictured on the previous page. The resulting Makigami strips are pictured on the next page. The blue paper became an interesting shade of green. and observe how it tears. I used a yellow Makigami solution. I do not think they would make good branches or planters. “roll perpendicular to the longest fibers. and then roll perpendicular to it. Also. Using this paper. the purple paper became a soft. I cut the sheets keeping in mind that I would be rolling them perpendicular to the longest fibers. brown color. but based on my experience I do not recommend using long fiber papers for Makigami. I re‐cut my remaining pieces of the Indian paper. A jagged tear is an indication that you’re tearing against the fibers. The properties of this paper were very different from newsprint. Tear a piece of newsprint.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is some long tapered Makigami “grass” I made from long fiber paper Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 12 .
You will also learn to make badges. Badges are an excellent example of an application where Makigami can replace metal and plastic. and they’re eco‐friendly. Badges are useful items. so they won’t persist in the environment for hundreds of years. as this is the material most useful for branchlets upon which I attach leaves. and that I had to learn to work with the material. or to make statements or express feelings. campaigns. they don’t damage clothing. Makigami Charms and Little Things My early days with Makigami were filled with frustration. I tried to mold tight 180 degree turns and complex shapes.Origami Bonsai Accessories 2. not my will. I believe Makigami badges are superior to plastic and metal badges. Page 13 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . They can be used as prizes for competitions. This is the best way to teach its manufacture. but highlighted with glimmers of hope. changing my ideas so that they fit its capabilities. You will learn to use this material to make charms with interesting patterns inside. In this chapter I revisit the un‐tapered version of the material that I used in the early days. I soon realized that I was not working with plastic. My early experiments with the material were attempts at forcing it to do things it could not. because they attach like paperclips. I use un‐tapered Makigami in virtually every project I create. These charms are durable enough that they can be worn.
folded in half. Your sheet will look like this once you’ve made the cuts. 2. so I’ll be creating two. Notice that I am cutting while holding the half‐fold. As a general rule.Origami Bonsai Accessories Making Makigami Charms We start with one full sheet of newsprint. Rotate and cut one of the sheets approximately four inches from its outer edge. 1. Use a pair of scissors to make two cuts parallel to the fold approximately ¼ inch away from it. This helps keep both sheets of paper aligned while I make the cuts. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 14 . so the first step is to remove the quarter‐fold from the middle of the sheet. The folded center piece can be put in your recycling bin. 3. One full sheet of newsprint corresponds to four numbered pages from a newspaper. The larger pieces should be approximately equal in size and will be made up of two plies of paper. I’m holding the fold in my left hand. you should never use previously folded areas of newsprint. four inch wide pieces of paper. all printed on one sheet of paper.
Cut four of the strips from step 5 above in half lengthwise. Hold the remaining (from step 2) piece of paper over the strips you already cut. 7.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. This allows you to accurately cut two more strips that are the same size as the previous ones. 5. You will now have four wide and eight narrow strips of paper. This will be sufficient to complete both projects presented on the pages that follow. 6. Cut the remaining sheet from step 1 in the same manner. You will now have eight almost identical pieces of paper. Page 15 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
along with light force from our hands. Advanced Origami Bonsai. the solution squeezes out of the pulp in the paper. This means that you should not use warm water in your solution unless you plan to allow it to cool prior to using it. This is a friction‐abundant environment. What is important is that you develop a feel for the material and begin to identify successfully rolled strips. we saturate a piece of newsprint with a special solution. It is extremely important that you become able to identify the difference between a successfully rolled Makigami strip and a defective one. not just for making projects in this book. but also for making branches for Origami Bonsai trees.Origami Bonsai Accessories Introduction to Makigami Now I will introduce you to the first Makigami rolling solution presented in this book. the paper has to slide over itself for the process to work. and how to avoid them. This forms a slippery layer within the Makigami strip that allows the paper inside the rolled strip to slide. between 60°F and 80°F. Basic Makigami Recipe Building Block 2: 16 Parts Water All Makigami rolling 1 Part Wood Glue solutions must contain at 1 Part Acrylic Paint – any color least one ingredient that In a clean jar combine the ingredients and mix with a acts as a lubricant. Initially this seems impossible. Makigami is temperature sensitive and must be at room temperature. you should note that this recipe produces a thicker Makigami solution. but we use various physical properties. this internal sliding causes the strip to become narrower and more densely packed with layers of paper. If you understand how the process works you’ll have an easier time mastering it. I prefer this newer recipe. For this chapter’s projects the quality of your rolling is not important. their source. Basically. The final consistency should be similar to un‐ whipped cream. During each step of the rolling process I will list problems that may occur. Makigami gains its strength from layers of paper that are tightly rolled around each other. paintbrush. In general this solution produces Makigami strips that have two to four times the tensile strength of those using the original recipe. As we continue to roll the paper strip. If you have been using the Makigami recipe from my second book. to do it. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 16 . As we roll the wet newsprint.
You’ll need to flip your paper to ensure it gets completely saturated.Origami Bonsai Accessories How to Roll Makigami Strips You will need a one inch wide paintbrush. Put one of the larger pieces of newsprint on top of the solution you spread in step 1 and then add more solution. Spread a coat of Makigami solution on your tray with a soft brush. 3. To do this. but less paint builds up on them and they allow you a little better grip when rolling. Latex gloves not only keep the paint off your hands. to completely saturate the paper. spreading as above. use the bristles of your paintbrush to lift the paper off the tray. 1. Page 17 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 2. I also recommend putting on latex gloves. We start with the larger pieces of paper.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 18 . folded edge. slowly roll the paper up onto itself. 7. 6. With only light pressure. add a little more solution and use your brush to remove any air bubbles trapped under the paper. 5. Make sure there are no air bubbles under the fold. Use your brush to lift the bottom. After flipping. Curl it so it forms a tube across the bottom. Visually inspect your sheet to confirm that it is completely saturated with solution. Then use your brush to flatten the fold. Use your brush to lift the bottom edge of paper off the pan and then fold it up. You will end up with a loosely wrapped tube.
apply more pressure. Roll the rest of your bigger sheets following the same procedure. It will become a solid strip. 9. pick it up. 11. and then roll it again. You’re done rolling when the top edge of paper is no longer visible. you will notice that the tube becomes narrower. Applying light pressure. Roll the Makigami strip a few more times to get as much moisture out of it as possible. As the tube narrows. in the same direction. Once the strip is rolled as tight as it will get.Origami Bonsai Accessories 8. Page 19 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Long Strokes . apply more pressure. After a few repetitions of rolling. 10. roll the tube to the end of the pan. This will reduce drying time.
2. You will eventually develop this skill to the point where you can roll strips that have the same thickness as angel hair pasta. 6. the more challenging they are to roll. 5. 1. 3. 4. The narrower the strips of paper. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 20 Long Strokes .Origami Bonsai Accessories Now roll the smaller pieces of paper into narrower strips in the same manner.
you hang clothes hangers on it. In this example I use two such objects. Use masking tape to attach one end of a thicker strip to the clothes hanger tube. You will need to find some long. Page 21 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Now we’ll use masking tape to attach the strips to molds. You should always begin this way. closely parallel to itself. Building Block 3: Makigami strips will retain whatever shape they have been molded into. Wrap the strip tightly around the tube. The larger is a tube you will find in almost every closet in your home. If you roll the thinnest strips first they might become too dry before they are attached to the molds. cylindrical objects around your house. 1. The narrower cylinder is a ¼ inch dowel I bought at my local hardware store. 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories Molding Makigami Strips We started the rolling process with strips that would become the thickest for a reason: they take longer to dry.
and then across the Makigami strip to secure the other end. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 22 . It will end up looking a bit like a barber’s pole. Attach several of them to the narrower cylinder (the ¼ inch dowel I mentioned before) at an angle. 4. 5. Attach a piece of masking tape to the tube. as shown. Repeat this process for any other thick strips you may have rolled. Wrap the strips around the dowel maintaining the distance between previous wraps.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Tear some of your masking tape in half for the narrower strips.
Page 23 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Tape the other end(s) to the dowel and allow to dry.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. We will want some straight. narrow. 5. Makigami strips. so put some of them on a flat surface and allow them to dry.
but it smolders at a much lower temperature. you’ll never get the smoky smell out of it. into direct sunlight inside the car. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 24 . We use newsprint. Paper burns at 451 degrees Fahrenheit (233 degrees C). This includes strips that are as thick as one inch in diameter. from newspapers. Drying time will be greatly reduced using this method. put the strips in my truck. I try to time my Makigami projects to correspond with sunny days. It wastes a tremendous amount of energy and is hazardous. If you wish to reduce the drying time you can park your car in the sun and move your Makigami strips. You shouldn’t use your oven either. Never attempt to dry Makigami in a microwave oven. If your Makigami smolders. Once dry. any paper that didn’t adhere properly to the strip can be trimmed off. It will take approximately 12 hours for the thicker strips to dry.” you may have a disaster on your hands. depending on the temperature and humidity of your home. attached to their molds. Using an oven to dry Makigami turns an environmentally friendly art form into a global warming mess. I roll my Makigami in the early morning. I consider my truck a “solar oven” for curing my Makigami. Within this recycled content there are often flakes of foil or metal from staples that got recycled along with the paper. These small pieces of metal will cause your strips to catch fire in a microwave. which contain recycled paper. and they’re usually dry by early afternoon.Origami Bonsai Accessories Drying Makigami Strips It is best to be patient. and allow your strips to dry inside your home. about four hours for the narrower ones. Even if you set your oven to “warm.
simply pull off the masking tape and slide the strips off. 2. Tear inner piece of masking tape at overlap. so here’s how it’s done: 1.Origami Bonsai Accessories Removing Strips When Dry Most strips are easy to remove. The thicker strips we made for the outer ring of charms are harder to remove. Page 25 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Slide ring off cylinder. Remove outer piece of masking tape. 3.
Now you will have one Makigami circle and one with overlap. 3. Cut this. Because the quality of the Makigami strip tends to vary at its ends.Origami Bonsai Accessories In order to make charms we need a circular loop. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 26 . 1. Each thicker Makigami strip can be cut into two loops to make two charms. overlapped piece. and simultaneously the adjacent tier to create a circle (see next image). use wire cutters to cut the strips approximately 1/8th inch from the end. 2. Cut a second circle from the remaining.
We need to bend the Makigami strips to be perfect circles. to the right. There are many shapes and patterns that can be made in this manner. Even though I illustrate how to create a very simple peace symbol. and therefore naturally bends. You’ll need your glue gun and a glue dish if you’ve got one. 2. Page 27 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . In this example. you should allow your creativity to flow. Bend the strip roughly three times as far to the left as it is molded to the right. the strip was molded.Origami Bonsai Accessories Assembling Makigami Charms I will now show you how to construct a rudimentary charm from the Makigami strips you have created. 1.
Building Block 4: Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. Open the strip and apply a small amount of hot melt glue to the end. Close the strip and apply a small amount of pressure as the hot melt glue sets. the strip should naturally center.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. After bending. 5. 4. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 28 .
Cut a semi‐circle out of the strip. Page 29 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . again considering the curve of the circle you’re going to attach it to. Repeat. We use the narrower Makigami strip that was looped repeatedly around the ¼ inch dowel. thinking about the curve of the circle you made in the previous section.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Smooth the glued connection with the hot tip of your glue gun. starting from step one. Now cut the other end of the semi‐circle. Now we’ll make a small loop at the top of the circle which allows it to hang from a string or necklace. Do this by looking down the strip so you can see the curl. for as many circles as you may have. 1. Make the first cut so it will attach smoothly to the circle. 2.
4. You may need to trim the semi‐circle a bit to get a good fit.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. 6. Dip the ends of the semi‐circle in hot melt glue. Attach the semi‐circle to the circle on either side of the previously glued connection. Bend the semicircle……. 5. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 30 . So it fits properly on the Makigami circle you’ve already created.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. and four shorter ones to form a peace sign. Cut two longer pieces. A peace sign is fundamentally an upside down “Y. narrow Makigami strips for this.” This means we’ll need one long and two short. Use wire cutters to cut longer pieces of the straight and narrow Makigami strip. Repeat from step 1 for any additional circles you may have. 1. straight pieces of Makigami. We use the straight. Page 31 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Simple Internal Assemblies for Charms We’re going to mount a peace sign inside our charm. Use the hot tip of your glue gun to make the connections smooth. 2.
Glue one short strip to one long strip at an angle. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Building Block 5: You can cut a Makigami strip shorter. Page 32 . Glue a second short strip to form a “Y. but you can’t re‐lengthen a Makigami strip. Remember. Trim the long strip first.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. you can always shorten more after a cut. Think about how the upside down “Y” will be centered within the circle. 4. but you cannot make it longer after it has been cut.” 5.
you have a lot more of the straight Makigami strip to work with. Remember. 8. Make extra strips and don’t worry about mistakes! 7. better “Y. Dip the tips of the two shorter pieces of the peace sign in glue and……. and a lot more glue. Now trim the shorter strips so they fit inside the circle. Page 33 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . If you make a mistake it’s easy to create a new.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6.” Building Block 6: Makigami is cheap and easy to recycle. Make sure your upside down “Y” fits within the circle.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. 10. attach them to the inside of the circle. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 34 . Smooth one side of one connection. Glue the remaining end to the inside of the circle. Use the hot tip of your glue gun to make all glued connections smooth. resulting in your assembly falling apart. 11. Repeat these steps for as many peace signs you intend to make. then move to another. 12. Be careful not to heat the glue too hot. and then return to the first to allow cooling in between.
If you wish. Drying your charms on aluminum foil will avoid problems that arise on other surfaces. peace‐sign color.Origami Bonsai Accessories 13. when the first coat is dry you can add a second. Paper will stick to the glue/acrylic paint mixture and ruin the finish. 15. 14. Notice the odd. I painted my charms with a final coat of pink which resulted in this funky. Page 35 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . thinner coat of a different color. In this example I’m using red and blue so I’ll end up with purple peace signs. simultaneously smooth and rough looking material. Paint your peace signs with a generous coat of the mixture. This look is unique to Makigami. Mix some acrylic paint and wood glue.
and they’re not just for campaigns. Because metal and plastic degrade slowly. Bend the twist tie at the two inch overlap point as a marker. 2. and will be for another 450 years. A little ingenuity along with an eco‐friendly material results in a solution to an environmental problem ‐ without sacrificing utility. so the wider the tube the larger the button. In this example I use the same clothing hanger tube I used in the previous one. as trophies for contests. like a paper clip. or use a piece of string. like campaign buttons. Wrap it around your tube allowing it to overlap itself by about two inches. This is the length of Makigami we need to make each button. that can be recycled in your paper recycling bin. and to communicate virtually anything you can think of in an environmentally friendly way. In this section I illustrate how to make buttons. These are three part buttons which consist of a clip ring. they won’t damage what they’re attached to. and a circle of printed paper. The finished button will be a little bit larger than the diameter of the tube you use. These buttons are easy to make and useful. they will biodegrade in less than three months. more recent buttons combine metal and plastic. If exposed to the elements. All these buttons have one thing in common ‐ the vast majority ended up in landfills. Initially made from metal. This is a good example the versatility of Makigami. Measure the circumference of the tube upon which you plan to mold your buttons. Use a long twist tie. nor will they draw blood like the pins on old‐style buttons.Origami Bonsai Accessories Making Clip‐on Buttons Over the years we’ve had thousands of elections for which millions of campaign buttons were made. or twist a group of bread ties together. they’re all still there. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 36 . 1. They can be used to acknowledge achievements. Because they clip on to clothing. a narrow ring.
Each piece represents one button. Page 37 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 4. You should now have a stack of newsprint pieces that are the correct length. Fold them in half and cut them diagonally. 5. Use the twist tie you made in step 2 to cut the newsprint to the proper length. 6. Cut the fold off the half it’s attached to. Cut a sheet of newsprint in half in the long direction. starting the diagonal cut approximately one inch from the bottom edge and cutting all the way to the fold.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. See step 7 (after the cut) if this seems confusing.
Also cut some narrow strips (2 inches wide). Short Strokes Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 38 . This will be enough material to make four buttons. Double‐tapered strips like the ones we made in steps 1 through 7 require a different movement when rolling. Your newsprint pieces should look like this. I rolled four double‐tapered strips and two long narrow ones. short pushes of your fingertips rather than long ones. Use smaller. Roll all your strips. 9. like the ones used in the previous project. Roll half as many of these as you roll double‐tapered strips. Long pushes will result in the strip tearing at its thickest point. 10. 8.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 11. Attach the strips to the same mold you used to measure. Page 39 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Cut the narrow rings so they fit around the clip‐on rings with about 1/32 of an inch to spare. It’s hard to see here. We need a lot of extra space so glue won’t end up on the face of our buttons. but luckily building block four says “Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. You can make buttons from magazines. or create your own designs in graphic programs. Here are four button designs I’m going to use in this section. Once dry. Finding a tube of this diameter would be a challenge. and bend them into circles. but I’m cutting the narrow ring about 1/8th of an inch too long. web photos.” This means that we can cut our rings slightly larger. This will leave a gap between the clip‐on ring and the narrow ring that we’ll need. 2. If you used a clothes hanger rod to mold your strips you’ll get two narrow rings of the correct diameter from each one. In a perfect world we would have had a second tube of slightly greater diameter than the clothes hanger rod we’re using. 1. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 40 . because we’re securing them within the button. Cut your designs into circles that are about an inch greater in diameter than your clip‐rings.Origami Bonsai Accessories The fun part of making buttons is deciding what to put on them. remove your Makigami strips from the mold.
It should be fairly thick mixture. Use a glossy magazine to protect your work surface. Bend the narrow ring so that it forms as perfect a circle as possible. 5. Mix wood glue with a small amount of water in a cup. but try not to spread the glue over the edge. Page 41 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . You also need a small paintbrush with short bristles.Origami Bonsai Accessories This picture shows the desired gap between the narrow ring and the clip‐on ring. 4. We want the outer margin of the circle to become damp. 3. If the glue gets spread beyond the edge it might end up on the face of the button. Spread the mixture on your button circle.
8. Use your fingers to secure the narrow ring while you do this. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 42 . As you gain more experience you can make buttons specifically designed to attach to collars versus lapels. You want to press and compact the paper into the inner edge of the narrow ring. This technique has many applications beyond making buttons. Use your paintbrush to lift the outer edge and fold it along the narrow ring towards the center of the button. but if you push too hard without supporting the other side you will tear the paper. Lift and fold in this manner for the entire circumference of the circle. Insert the clip‐on ring into the middle. 6. For example. Press down hard with your paintbrush along the inner edge of the narrow ring. Pinch it into place being sure to support the front of the button with your index fingers. 7.Origami Bonsai Accessories The narrow ring is held flat against the work surface for steps 6 and 7. When you insert the clip‐on ring you should consider where the top of the pin will end up when someone is going to wear it. paper sun catchers (circles of stained glass) can be made in the same manner but with larger rings. It is important to seat the clip‐on ring properly.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 43 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
I make a large number of strips. cut them down to standard sizes. but beautiful planters. I have used this technique in many of my works. Un‐tapered strips of Makigami will be molded and assembled into basic. It is easy to make a large number of identical planters using this technique. This method for making planters is particularly useful when you plan to make more than one planter of the same design.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 44 . Simple Planters We will now use some of the skills we learned in the previous chapter to make planters. assembling them can be a challenge. I use this type of planter when I make chess sets. While the process for making and molding the Makigami strips is simple. and then assemble them into tiny planters upon which Origami Bonsai chess pieces will be mounted.
Start with two pages of newsprint folded in half. so I hold the fold in my left hand while looking at the sheets I just cut. so I’ll make my first cut slightly further than in half because I’m going to cut the fold off in the next step. Put the fold in your recycling bin. 3.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. I want all the sheets to have the same width. but can’t because I don’t want to use the fold (in my left hand in the picture). Combine the sheets. 2. Page 45 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . This tells me where to cut the fold off. I would like to cut the sheets in half. Cut the quarter‐fold out of the sheets as shown here.
so I’ll allow them to dry straight. the less likely it is to come unstuck. You will also need a piece of cloth. But even if it does come loose and your strips don’t mold evenly. Roll the strips according to the instructions on page 16. The longer your piece of tape. 6. I will mold 14 of the strips. 5. and one inch wider than the combined width of your strips. They should be attached approximately one quarter inch from the edges. Each piece of tape needs to be at least six inches long. The remaining folds can be put in the recycling bin. we can compensate when we do the assembling. wide pot to use as a mold. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 46 . I now have 16 sheets for making Makigami strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Find a large. Two of the strips will be used on the bottoms of the planters. As the strips dry there is a tendency for the tape to detach. but you may want to make them even longer. cut approximately one inch longer than your strips. Attach four pieces of masking tape to the cloth.
and then pressing the tape against the mold.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. Page 47 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Arrange your strips evenly and balance them on top of the mold. Make sure the tape is secure before proceeding to the next step. Carefully run your hands over the cloth. pressing the strips against the mold. Place the cloth with tape on it on top of the strips. 8. 9.
and then tighten it as you stick it to the mold. and pulling on the free end while simultaneously pressing on the tape which is attached to the cloth. Your cloth will develop a loose area between the two pieces of tape. Attach it to the cloth first. Add a piece of tape to the other side just as you did in step 11. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 48 . Tighten the pieces of tape by lifting them up. one at a time.Origami Bonsai Accessories 10. Add another long piece of tape to the loose area. 11. 12.
in a hot sunny car to dry. attached to the mold. To reduce drying time you can put your strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here’s a picture of the right side of my mold. And the left side. 13. They should be dry in an hour or two. Don’t worry if the tape comes unstuck. we can compensate for any difference in molding when we do the assembly. Page 49 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
remove it. When the cloth feels dry. The tips of Makigami strips tend not to roll properly. so you should cut approximately 1/8th inch off both ends of each strip Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 50 .Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. Warning: Makigami strips that are cold to the touch while assembled will warp after assembly. They should feel slightly warm to the touch. 15. 16. If they feel cold then moisture is still evaporating from them and they should be left in a sunny location to dry completely. Inspect your strips to confirm they are dry.
It is mounted in a planter similar to those we make in this chapter.Origami Bonsai Accessories 17. Cut each Makigami strip in half. I call the sculpture pictured at the right “Sole Survivor” because it looks windswept and has only one flower. Page 51 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . . You can use a previously cut strip as a guide for cutting the other strips.
. Compare the curves of two of your cut Makigami strips. You may notice that their curves differ slightly. You must perform this step with each Makigami strip as your assembly progresses.Origami Bonsai Accessories Assembly of a Flat‐Curved Planter 1. Makigami strips can be bent slightly to conform to a design. Use your fingers to gently bend the strip slightly in the direction you need. and can be resolved by carefully bending the less‐curved strip to match the more‐curved strip. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 52 Building Block 7: Once dry. This is common. The difference between bending a strip and breaking one is only slight. When you feel the strip begin to bend immediately reduce your pressure on it. 2.
Compare the curves again to confirm that you didn’t over or under bend the strip. Page 53 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 4.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. If you did. Use a small paintbrush to apply a bead of glue all along one side of one of the strips. return to step one. Assemble the first two strips. 5.
Prepare a third strip to be added to the assembly by comparing its curve to that of the assembly. Bend the strip if necessary before applying glue. Wet a larger brush with water and use it to wipe off excess glue on the outside of the assembly’s curve. 7. Rinse the brush in water and wipe off the excess glue on the inside of the curve. 8.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 54 .
Page 55 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Here is my assembly with four strips. Notice that the curve is not perfect.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is my assembly with three strips. This will become almost invisible when the planter is painted. Allow the glue to dry for at least four hours before proceeding to the next step. Here is my completed assembly with 9 strips.
Origami Bonsai Accessories
We will now add a curve to each end of the assembly by trimming the ends of each Makigami strip. 9. Draw an arc on both ends of your assembly. 10. Cut one half of the arc with wire cutters. Notice that I have the angled blades of the wire cutter facing away from the assembly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 56
Origami Bonsai Accessories
11. Flip the assembly over and draw the arc on the back side. 12. Trim the assembly on the line you made in step 11. Again notice that I have the angled blades of the cutter facing away from the assembly. In step 10 I was trimming the assembly on the concave side of the curve, in step 12 I’m trimming on the convex side of the curve. This combination; trimming with the angled blades of the wire cutter facing away from the assembly, and trimming the first half of the curve on the concave side, and the second half on the convex side, allows the pressure applied by the wire cutters to be absorbed by the discarding trimming rather than the assembly. If you attempt to cut any other way, the pressure of your blades will be partially absorbed by the assembly. When the assembly absorbs the force it results in splits, gaps, and cracks. Page 57 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
Repeat steps 9 through 11 on the other side of the assembly. When complete, your assembly should look like this. 12. We will now add two “legs” to our assembly. Trim the ends off the unmolded Makigami strip you made. 13. Hold the unmolded strip against the assembly and cut the first leg leaving a gap between its ends and the outside of the assembly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 58
Use the legs to support the assembly.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. Confirm that the ends of the assembly are at the same height. If they’re not. until the height is equal. You should now have an assembly of strips and two legs. You also want to make sure that the legs are sufficiently close to the center of the assembly. You don’t want the center of the assembly touching the top of your work surface as this reduces the appeal of the finished planter. Use the leg you cut in step 13 to measure cutting a second leg. Page 59 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . either outward or inward. 15. adjust the legs.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 16. Apply hot melt glue to one of the legs. Mark the position of each leg on the assembly. 18. 17. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 60 . Transfer the marks made in step 16 to the bottom of the assembly.
Page 61 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Your planter should look like this.Origami Bonsai Accessories 19. Repeat this procedure with the second leg. Attach the leg to the bottom of the assembly at the point you marked.
During assembly It is important that strips are added first to one side of the center strip. with one long stabilizing leg. instead we start with a center strip. from the keel outwards. This creates a shallow bowl. In other words. This planter is assembled much like a boat.Origami Bonsai Accessories Shallow Bowl Planter An alternative to the flat‐ curved planter is the shallow‐ bowl planter. I then cut the un‐molded strip to size. Strips of Makigami are added to each side of the center at a slight upward offset. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 62 . Shown at right. and then to the other side of the center strip. I’m using one long stabilizing leg. Rather than assembling each Makigami strip to create a flat surface. rather than from one side to the other as we did in the flat‐curved planter. or it can be finished at an angle. we assemble this planter from the center out. I set the assembly on my work surface and slide a non‐ molded piece of Makigami underneath the back of it. The shallow‐bowl planter can be completed with two legs just as the flat‐curved planter was.
Origami Bonsai Accessories I remove the strip. add some hot melt glue to it. Page 63 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . and return it into position.
as long as you provide a barrier between the Makigami and the food. Always allow your work to dry for at least four hours between coats. as long as it’s not left soaking in liquid. Faux Wood Finishes What is the best feature of using recycled newspaper in Makigami? The answer might be that it’s been printed on. By painting your work with a good coat of wood glue and paint you will ensure that it will last a lifetime. The planters presented in this book would make excellent serving dishes for small appetizers like sushi. You may be tempted to leave your work unpainted.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. If it gets exposed to a lot of moisture. Unpainted Makigami will absorb moisture. it will be destroyed. My faux finishes all start with a slightly diluted (with water). by all means do so. This is followed by either one or two coats of a diluted (with water) mixture of paint and wood glue. like a spilled glass of water. While the materials we use are not toxic. even from the air. From a distance. One coat of this mixture gets painted onto every surface of the work. As you finish a project you will notice that the newspaper print is visible in your work. they are also not approved for direct contact with food. Perhaps a word of caution ought to be added at this point. 50‐50 mixture of paint and wood glue. and start to warp. In this chapter I will show you how to create various finishes that mimic the look of different varieties of wood. this seemingly random printing looks much like the swirling pattern of real wood. If you opt to serve food on your Makigami creations. Use something like a doily. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 64 . waxed paper or the like to ensure you protect both yourself and the Makigami. I would advise against this. foil.
Carefully paint every surface of your work. 2. Page 65 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . This mixture should be dilute enough that it will easily flow into cracks and crevises. secondly it keeps my fingerprints off what I’m painting. The first is it keeps one hand (the one holding the work) clean. Unpainted areas will reduce the impact of your finished work. but thick enough that it creates a bold color change in the work.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Bamboo 1. To create a faux bamboo finish we begin with a coat of yellow acrylic paint mixed with wood glue and a small amount of water. Make sure you carefully paint the ends of your planter. I usually wear gloves for two reasons.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 66 . similar to the thickness of heavy cream. and areas with pools of paint. and tops (often hidden from view by the planter) of the “legs” of the planter. Now we add a coat of 50‐50 acrylic green paint mixed with wood glue which is then diluted with water.Origami Bonsai Accessories Don’t forget to paint the ends. Once you’ve finished painting the first coat you should allow your planter to dry for about four hours. Run your brush over these areas. 3. This mixture should be quite thin. If it is cool to the touch it isn’t dry yet. then set your planter down on a piece of aluminum foil and touch up the area where you had been holding it. Carefully inspect your planter for areas that you might have missed with paint.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. As long as your mixture is sufficiently dilute you won’t lose the complexity that recycled newspaper adds to the overall look. Page 67 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . you can adjust the shade of your finished planter with additional coats of a 50‐50 mixture of acrylic paint and glue. Apply the mixture liberally at first. with water to dilute. try using black acrylic paint. similar to the mixture you created in step 3. and then work it into the cracks and crevises of the planter. Allow the planter to dry for at least four hours. If you think the planter is too bright. If you want a more aged‐looking bamboo. If you wish. 5. try using brown.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 68 .
2. Then use your brush to remove any pooled paint. Once the first coat has dried. Start with a 50‐50 mixture of yellow acrylic paint and wood glue slighly diluted with water. Dilute the mixture with water until it is approximately the thickness of heavy cream. 3. Apply the mixture liberally at first.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Oak 1. paint your planter with a 50‐50 mixture of brown acrylic paint and wood glue. working it into cracks and crevises. Page 69 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
is my favorite. picture above. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 70 .Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. The faux oak finish. Allow your planter to dry for at least four hours on aluminum foil.
3. and then dilute it with water until it is approximately as thick as heavy cream. Make sure you cover all areas with paint. Page 71 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 2. Paint all the surfaces of the planter with this mixture. Mix a 50‐50 mixture of acrylic brown and wood glue. To create a faux redwood finish we begin with a 50‐50 mixture of red acrylic paint and wood glue slightly diluted with water. Allow your planter to dry on aluminum foil for at least four hours.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Redwood 1. Allow your planter to dry for at last four hours before the next step.
diluted with water to the consistency of heavy cream. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 72 . add a coat or two of 50‐50 black acrylic and wood glue.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. If you would like a walnut finish. as sometimes the initial red coat of paint is too bright. You may even want to add a fourth coat. add a third of the same mixture. Once the second coat has dried.
Origami Bonsai Accessories
5. Fractal Wave Planters
I must confess, I love these planters! A narrow, highly tapered and acutely curved tip rotates, widens, and becomes a wide shallow bowl. I discovered the process by which they are made completely by accident. I wanted to create a planter with more curves, but at the same time was having serious problems with assembly. It seemed that as a planter’s “curviness” increased, it’s assembly time increased exponentially. One day as I removed a planter from its mold I discovered that it stayed together. I stopped trying to take dry planters off the mold, and instead worked on reinforcing them so that they could be removed from the mold as a complete assembly. I developed a technique where glue diluted with water is painted onto dry Makigami strips while they are still on their mold. Since discovering this technique I’ve developed similar ones for other types of planters, presented later in this book. I think you will enjoy making these planters. It seems no one has seen anything like these designs before. Perhaps it would be best if we didn’t tell them how easy they are to make. You should read this entire chapter before attempting to make a fractal wave planter. There are common problems encountered during their creation that will cause you great frustration if you don’t know that they’re resolved in the end.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
You will need the following items to complete this project: Four pages of newsprint A pair of scissors An American‐style toy football Two clothespins Two long rubber bands One nylon stocking A pencil, wire cutters and hot melt glue gun. 1. Start by cutting the newsprint approximately an inch and a half from the fold. 2. Perform the same cut on the lower half of the newsprint. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 74
Origami Bonsai Accessories
3. Place the top and bottom “halves” of newsprint on top of each other, with their half‐ folds on top of each other. Cut a diagonal across all the sheets of newsprint. When cutting this diagonal remember that we will be cutting off the fold on the side closest in this picture. The distances marked by red arrows in the picture should be equal in the finished pieces. Review the pictures that follow for a clearer understanding. 4. Cut off the fold making sure the narrow ends are the same width as the narrow ends you cut in step 3 (narrow ends are marked by red arrows in step 3). 5. You should now have 16 sheets that will make up to 16 highly‐tapered Makigami strips. We won’t need all of these, but it’s good to have extras just in case you encounter problems rolling them. Page 75 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
one piece of newsprint as described in Chapter 2. flip. 8. We’ll use this to hold the Makigami strips temporarily as we roll them. Saturate. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 76 . please see Chapter 2. For more detail. Use the bristles of your brush to lift the sheet and fold the leading edge up approximately one inch. Curl the folded leading edge up.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. and saturate again. 7. Wrap a long rubber band around the football. and begin to roll with light pressure.
You will notice that the strip rolls in a bit of an arc. I am forming the rounded edge of my planter (discussed later). then go back to step 7 and roll the next strip. 11. Notice that the tip of the first strip I rolled (middle) is further from the rubber band than the two subsequent strips. This is because it is tapered. Roll the Makigami strip just as you did in Chapter 2 (untapered). 10. Increase the pressure of your rolling to wring out excess liquid.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. Page 77 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . As you complete rolling strips. slip them under the rubber band. Slip the thicker end of the strip under the rubber band.
your ball will become top heavy. Cut the foot off your nylon stocking.Origami Bonsai Accessories 12. I’ve made 11 strips in this example. which is enough for my planter. We’ll be using the foot for this project. As you add more strips. but save the other piece of stocking as we will use it in other projects. or narrower planter if you wish. To keep it stable you can put it in a bowl. You can make a wider. 13. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 78 . 14.
Carefully put the ball and strips into the stocking foot. Page 79 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Don’t worry if your strips move around. we’ll fix that in a later step.Origami Bonsai Accessories 15. Carefully remove the rubber band from inside the stocking. 16. 17. Carefully press the wide area of your planter against the surface of the ball while at the same time bending the narrow area around the tip of the ball.
twist it to tighten the stocking around the ball. Attach a clothespin to hold the tightened stocking in place. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 80 . 20.Origami Bonsai Accessories 18. Gather the loose open end of the stocking foot in your hand and…… 19.
We don’t want our finished product to look like this. Use your fingers to push the Makigami strips into desirable positions. set aside the work to dry for a day or two. Page 81 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories The positions of the Makigami strips pictured here are typical after the stocking has been tightened. take a look at the overall shape of the planter. After you’ve pushed the strips into what seems like good alignment. 21. 22. If you’re satisfied.
it will be easily fixed in a later step. 24. as that’s where the nylon tends to get stuck.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. If you have these gaps. carefully remove the stocking. Be extra careful near the ends of the Makigami strips. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 82 . don’t worry. 25. Inspect your work. Once the strips have dried. Notice that I’ve got some long gaps in what I’d like to be a solid surface toward the top of the photograph. It’s important that the Makigami strips stay attached to the ball. Paint the Makigami strips with a mixture of three parts wood glue and one part water.
It is this end that will hold the planter together when we remove it from the ball. Page 83 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 27. Be careful not to apply pressure to the planter. We want to remove the planter from the ball without causing it to fall apart. roughly the thickness of heavy cream. apply pressure to the ball with your thumbs around the planter. If it is hard to press on the ball. Please look at the next two pictures on the following page before attempting this step.Origami Bonsai Accessories 26. This extra amount of glue should ensure a successful removal. You should hear the planter begin to come unstuck. release some air from it. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. Once your planter has dried you will need to mix some wood glue with a small amount of water. Also gather two clothespins and two rubber bands. To do this. Paint an extra layer of the mixture on the narrow end of the planter.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Continue working your way around the planter. releasing it from the ball. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 84 . As the planter loosens there is a danger that it will fall. work on the curly area. Once you’ve gotten the wide area released. Set aside the ball. so hold it close to your work surface.
Paint the areas of the planter that were facing the ball with a generous amount of the wood glue and water mixture.Origami Bonsai Accessories If your planter is like mine there will be long gaps between some of the Makigami strips. so don’t worry about them. but they’ll be filled with glue and paint when you add a finish to your planter. Page 85 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 29. Some small gaps will remain. 28. Don’t try to close all the gaps. I’ll show you an easy way to eliminate these. but don’t squeeze too hard or you will collapse the planter. You can squeeze your planter’s gaps together to help the rubber bands close the biggest gaps. Wrap the rubber bands around your work and then use the clothespins to tighten them.
Allow your planter to dry for at least four hours. Remove the rubber bands and clothespins. You can’t see some small gaps I was unable to close. Draw an arc across the wide end of your planter. 31. so I’m not worried about them. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 86 . 30.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is a view of the other side of the planter. Once your planter has dried. Also gather a pencil and wire cutters. but they’ll be filled when I add a finish to the planter. plug in your hot glue gun.
Transfer your arc line to the bottom of the planter so you’ll know where to cut on the other strips. as you don’t want the planter absorbing the force of your cut. this is important. Use your wire cutters to cut off the tips of the Makigami stems following the arc you drew in step 31. 33. 34. Page 87 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Notice that the angled cutting blades are facing away from the planter in the picture. Cut the rest of the Makigami strips across the line you made in step 34.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. Cut the strips until you’re about half way across the wide edge of the planter.
Use a Makigami strip from a previous work (Chapter 3) to stabilize your planter. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 88 . If you’re planning to use it for a free‐standing sculpture you should complete the following steps. Here is another view. If you are going to use your planter for a wall‐mounted sculpture then you should paint it with a finish (see Chapter 4). Insert the strip under the planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your planter should look similar to this. at a point where the planter becomes stable. 35.
Put your planter on a piece of newspaper and trace a line representing the wide end of the planter onto the newspaper.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is another picture showing how I use a Makigami strip to stabilize my planter. 37. Then draw a dark line on the newspaper indicating the position of the Makigami strip you’re using to stabilize the planter. Apply hot melt glue to the strip. Lift the planter. 36. leaving the stabilizing strip behind. Page 89 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
After I paint two coats of finish on my planter (here it’s faux oak which I’m going to follow with a coat of gray). Your planter should look similar to this. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 90 . Now refer to Chapter 4 to paint a finish on the planter. but before you paint the final coat of finish on it. refer back here to the following steps. so I’m going to add a paper pebble (Advanced Origami Bonsai) to stabilize it.Origami Bonsai Accessories 38. Use the tracing you made in step 37 to help orient the planter onto the stabilizing Makigami strip. This planter tended to wobble. Place your planter back on top of the strip. I’ve learned through experience to make my planters as stable as I possibly can. I always check to see how stable it is. or a small piece of Makigami. You can use a paper pebble.
41. Turn the planter over and apply glue around the pebble without moving it. 40.Origami Bonsai Accessories 39. Page 91 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Use a brush to apply some glue to both the pebble and the planter. Position the pebble where it will eliminate any wobble the planter might have.
Here’s another view of my pebble. If it isn’t. After I completed step 42 I discovered a little bit better spot. go back to step 39. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 92 . so I moved it.Origami Bonsai Accessories 42. Set the planter back down and verify that the pebble is in the right spot. hence the excess glue. The glue will never be seen once I paint my planter with its final coat of finish.
Page 93 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . wood glue and water was not dilute enough.Origami Bonsai Accessories I thought a white‐wash look would be best for this planter. however the mixture of white acrylic paint. which is not what I intended. I ended up with a putty colored planter. Luckily I can repaint it with the faux oak finish (pictured below). Because of the number of coats of paint I lost some of the color complexity.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Some Examples of Fractal Wave Planters Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 94 .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 95 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 96 .
They look like they were made from a piece of coconut shell. but they are actually quite durable because we use highly tapered Makigami strips to make them. and how thin the edges appear to be. In free standing sculptures I add legs to the planter. It creates a beautiful. Shallow Tapered Planters The shallow tapered planter will probably become one of your favorites. These planters look fragile. but they have an elegant beauty. but that’s not visible in the finished creation. combined with the taper and the narrowness of the surface that make these planters look special. They’re a little more work to make than the fractal wave planter. dramatic look. The planter is thick and strong in the middle. Notice the shallowness of the curve.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. or some similar natural material. Page 97 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I use this type of planter for both free standing and wall mounted sculptures. For wall mounted Origami Bonsai trees I attach the planter at an angle. There is something about the natural curve.
Cut the half‐fold off. Once you’ve done this you should have eight strips of newsprint of the same width. keeping in mind that we’ll be cutting off the half‐ fold. parallel to the half‐fold. and then quarter folded. 2. Separate your strips into pairs.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. Cut one pair at the quarter‐fold. look at the pictures that follow. If you’re confused. 3. Cut the newsprint in half. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 98 . We start with four pages of newsprint folded in half.
Cut a fourth pair ½ inch shorter than the third pair. 6. Page 99 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Cut a third pair ½ inch shorter than the second pair. Use the previous pair as a reference for cutting the next pair. Cut the second pair approximately ½ inch shorter than the first pair. 5.
Origami Bonsai Accessories
7. Cut a fifth pair ½ inch shorter than the fourth pair. 8. Cut a sixth pair ½ inch shorter than the fifth pair. 9. Cut a seventh pair ½ inch shorter than the sixth pair.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
10. Cut the eighth pair ½ inch shorter than the seventh. 11. Arrange your strips so the right and bottom edges are even with each other. Start the cut approximately one inch from the bottom edge, at an angle of approximately 45 degrees. Your strips should look like this. Page 101 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
12. Next, align the left and bottom edges and cut the strips at a 45 degree angle starting about one inch from the bottom. You will notice that you’re shortening the smaller pairs. This is key to obtaining a taper on the edges of your planter. Your strips should look like this. 13. Wrap a long rubber band around a full‐sized American football, rugby ball, or other similarly shaped ball. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 102
Arrange the strips such that the longest are in the middle. Inspect your spacing and adjust each strip so they look like the picture here. As you finish each strip insert it under the rubber band. Page 103 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . and shortest are on the outside. 16. and cut it. Roll your newsprint into dual‐tapered Makigami strips (see Chapter 2). Start with the longest strips first. 15. Cut the double‐thickness top and the foot off a nylon stocking.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. Gather the stocking as if you were going to put it on lengthwise. This will create one large piece of nylon.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 104 . Notice that the ends of the Makigami strips have not yet been secured. Place the stocking on top of your Makigami strips. Tape the side of the stocking to the ball. Tighten the stocking such that the Makigami strips make contact with the surface of the ball. 18. Secure this side with tape. 19. Stretch the nylon stocking over one end of the ball and…. We are just securing the middle of the planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories 17.
Align the Makigami strips so they are uniform. 22. with as few gaps as possible. 21. Page 105 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . tuck it under the rubber band. If you can’t tuck it underneath. If you can. Tuck it underneath the rubber band. you can use tape to secure it. Allow them to dry overnight. Do the same procedure with the other end of the nylon stocking.Origami Bonsai Accessories 20.
.and this. paint them with a mixture of wood glue and water that is approximately the thickness of heavy cream. After the strips have dried. Your strips should look like this…… ..Origami Bonsai Accessories 23.. We paint the mixture through the stocking onto the assembly of strips. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 106 .
Pull the nylon in the opposite direction (from step 25) to free the other side of the assembly of strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 24. Your planter is delicate at this point. Page 107 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 25. Be careful. and watch for tiny threads of nylon that get caught on the tips of the Makigami strips. Very carefully remove the tape securing the nylon stocking to the ball. Pull the nylon stocking horizontally away from the ball to free one end of the assembly of Makigami strips. so you need to be careful. 26.
Hold the assembly together as you paint it. 27.Origami Bonsai Accessories These planters are extremely delicate at this stage of their construction. We will reattach strips and fix the long gap you see in this picture in the following steps. Paint another coat of wood glue diluted with water to the thickness of heavy cream. I seldom make one that doesn’t partially come apart when I remove the stocking. Make sure you remove any excess with a dry brush. Keep the assembly on the ball. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 108 .
You may need to release some of the air from the ball to create the gaps necessary between the ball and the assembly to free it. 29. Once the assembly has dried. carefully apply pressure to the ball to release it. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. Your Makigami assembly should look like this. Squeeze any wide gaps together with your fingers. It is only the basic assembly and wide gaps that we’re worried about.Origami Bonsai Accessories 28. Inspect the assembly before you allow it to dry. Page 109 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . which I’ll fix in a step to follow. Notice that I still have narrow gaps.
” If this planter is for a wall sculpture. Apply some hot melt glue to one of the legs and attach it at the position you marked. Make a mark both on a piece of paper underneath the assembly and small marks on the assembly itself. skip to step 34. If you’re making a free‐standing sculpture. 32. 31. Use a pencil to mark the position of each leg. cut some straight pieces of Makigami corresponding to the width of your planter to act as “legs.Origami Bonsai Accessories 30. Do the same with the second leg. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 110 .
Once you have become comfortable with making planters you can apply the clamps with your first coat of finish (see Chapter 4). Your planter should look like this. Page 111 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Close the smaller gaps by painting with a mixture of wood glue and water and then applying rubber band and clothespin clamps as we did in Chapter 5. In this picture. the ends of the legs are exactly two Makigami‐strips from the outer edge of the planter. 34. Trim the legs if necessary.Origami Bonsai Accessories 33.
but I prefer this look. I could have trimmed the tips of the Makigami strips at an angle to achieve a more rounded edge.Origami Bonsai Accessories After a coat of brown. followed by two coats of black (see Chapter 4) I have a beautiful faux walnut planter. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 112 .
Notice how this perspective reveals the complexity of the planter to the viewer.Origami Bonsai Accessories Some Examples of Shallow Tapered Planters This sculpture “grows” from a planter that is mounted at an angle. Page 113 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories This sculpture is both free standing and wall mountable. It casts dramatic shadows when wall‐mounted and lit from below. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 114 .
Chopsticks have long been a target of environmentalists. and it worked! My Makigami chopsticks have yet to be mass‐produced. and eventually break. While paper has been used as a material for making plates. She suggested corn starch. Page 115 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . More importantly. I could use my techniques to make something that looked and felt like a chopstick. In March of 2006 the Chinese government introduced a five percent tax on wooden chopsticks. She is a museum conservator and preservationist. causing it to bend. we need a new. so indentations could not occur. and this new tax was aimed at curbing the use of disposable wooden chopsticks.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. and then caused indentations in the Makigami. Useful Crescents We will now enter into applications where paper has never been before. but it lacked some of the characteristics necessary to be functional. She suggested that I needed a starch to act as a stiffener. These forces compressed. stiffer Makigami rolling solution. I turned to my cousin. this new version of Makigami creates durable products that can be worn. but also an expert in glues and papers. of the Carnegie Institute. I discovered that chopsticks are subject to large forces of compression between the fingers. My early attempts were met with frustration and failure. When I read this. and immediately tried making some. Gretchen Anderson. I needed something to act as a filler. I tried it. but the invention is ready should the world need it. it has never been used to make durable household items and jewelry. I wondered if I could make Makigami chopsticks. In order to apply our techniques to these applications. or used daily.
Use a long twist tie to measure the circumference of whatever you plan to make crescents fit around. In this example I’ll be making a pair of crescents that will be used for curtain tiebacks. Cut newsprint into wide strips as we’ve done in previous chapters.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami crescents can be used for all sorts of things. Bend or cut the twist tie to mark the circumference. Most of the crescents I’ve made are assemblies of seven Makigami strips. 2. 1. on either side. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 116 . I’ve made napkin rings. each one shorter than the previous. one long center strip with three shorter strips. If I’m going to make a pair of these it I will need two of the longest strips and four of each of the shorter strips. bangle bracelets and a type of curtain tieback that I think is particularly good looking.
Page 117 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I cut four pieces about a half‐inch shorter (one pair for each tie back). 4. I cut two pieces of newsprint (one for each tie back) using the twist tie I made in step 1 as a measuring tool.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. 5. I cut four more pieces of newsprint about a half inch shorter than the ones I cut in step 4.
I cut the last four sheets about one half inch shorter than the ones I cut in step 5.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Cut the folded sheets on a diagonal. Fold the sheets you cut in step 6 in half. 8. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 118 . 7. leaving a gap of about one half inch at the bottom.
Fold in half and then cut the sheets you made in steps 3 through 5 in the same manner. 10. Page 119 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . You should have 14 sheets as shown here. Wrap your rubber bands around two tapered tumblers.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your sheets will look like this. 9.
Mix more durable Makigami rolling solution as follows: 32 parts Water 2 parts Wood Glue 2 parts Acrylic Paint – any color 1 part Corn Starch 12. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 120 Building Block 8: Fillers like corn starch result in more durable Makigami strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 11. Roll the newsprint into dual‐tapered Makigami strips and then insert them under rubber bands as shown. .
Page 121 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 14. Drape one of the pieces of stocking across the strips. Lay one of the cups on its side. Gather the ends of the stocking.Origami Bonsai Accessories 13. 15. forcing the Makigami strips against the surface of the cup. You can use the clothespin temporarily to stabilize the cup.
Allow the crescents to dry overnight. Try to straighten the ends of your strips as much as possible.Origami Bonsai Accessories 16. but don’t worry. Repeat steps 13 through 17 for any additional crescents you rolled strips for. Twist the ends of the stocking. This is unavoidable. and will make assembling them more difficult. 17. we’ll correct this when we assemble the crescents. Tighten the twist until you see all the Makigami strips conform to the curve of the cup. Notice that the ends of my strips curve slightly upwards. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 122 . Use the clothespin to keep the twist from unraveling. or until they do not feel cool to the touch.
Sort them by length as shown in this picture. followed by three pairs of shorter strips. Page 123 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 18. You will need wood glue.Origami Bonsai Accessories Once your strips are dry you can assemble them. Remove the strips from the cups. a large brush. I am making two crescents. I assemble the crescent by starting with the longest strip. so I have two long strips. a small brush. and a small cup of water.
shorter strip is slightly offset. This is key to both the beauty and the strength of the Makigami crescent. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 124 .Origami Bonsai Accessories 19. Apply a bead of wood glue to the edge of the strip with a small brush. Notice that the upper. Confirm the fit of the first member of your longest pair. Flatten the longest strip (by carefully bending it as shown in Chapter 2). the strip in the background is not. You will need to perform this procedure on every strip before adding it to the assembly. The strip in the foreground of this picture is ready for assembly. 21. 20. and test to confirm it is straight by placing it on a flat work surface and looking for gaps between the strip and the surface.
Origami Bonsai Accessories
22. Dip your larger brush in a cup of water and then use it to remove any excess glue on the seam of the assembly. Don’t forget to do this on the inside of the assembly as well. 23. Add the second member of the longest pair to the other side of the longest strip. Notice that both shorter strips are slightly offset towards the inside of the crescent. 24. Attach the next pair of strips.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
25. Attach the last pair of strips. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. If you’re making a second crescent, assemble it following the same instructions. 26. I’m often tempted not to round the ends of my crescents, but that is a mistake. The Makigami tips will wear out very quickly if left uncut. Use a pencil to draw an arc on both sides of your crescent’s ends. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 126
Origami Bonsai Accessories
27. Cut along the line you made in step 26 to create a rounded end on both sides of your crescent. Make sure the angled blades face away from your crescent when you cut it. The ends of your crescents should look like this after being cut.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
and then a final coat of dark blue. I molded them on small tumblers.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here are my tiebacks after they received three coats of finish (Chapter 4). I first applied a coat of yellow finish. The final color is quite complex. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 128 . Here is a set of Makigami crescents used as napkin rings. then black.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 129 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 130 . Strips for the larger planters were molded on the large steel pot shown in Chapter 2. All of these planters were assembled in a manner similar to the crescents discussed in this chapter.Origami Bonsai Accessories Examples of Assemblies of Dual‐Tapered Makigami Strips The following pictures are some examples of sculptures I have made with dual‐tapered Makigami strips. Strips for the smaller planters on the following pages were molded on a six inch diameter mailing tube.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 131 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 132 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 133 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 134 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 135 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 136 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 137 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 138 .
As you complete the steps on the following pages. the crescent. Makigami is an interesting material that has tremendous potential for artists and crafters. Pendants are subject to forces that I cannot predict. One of those shapes. I discovered a material tough enough to withstand the rigors of daily wear. Another shape I have developed is the teardrop pendant. consider other shapes that might be created.Origami Bonsai Accessories 8. the Origami models inside the pendant must be protected. like that of a coat worn over the pendant. Now comes the hard part. This shape. was discussed in the previous chapter. I was trying to develop a Makigami assembly that would protect delicate Origami inside it. It is important to be on the lookout for breakthroughs in design. That I developed this teardrop shape is no accident. developing techniques for molding Makigami into usable shapes. Teardrop Makigami Pendants By adding corn starch to the Makigami rolling solution. In order to remain undamaged. One can easily mold this shape. on the tip of an American style football. provides that protection. Page 139 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . along with firmer Makigami strips. and variants of it.
Fold the strips in half.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. to give my taper a little more variation in thickness. 2. Cut from the outer edge (right) starting about one half inch from the corner. In this example I’m making a pendant out of eight strips of Makigami. Wrap the twist‐tie around the tip of a ball (in this case a smaller toy American football) mimicking the shape of the pendant you want to create. In this example I cut an arc rather than a straight line. Start by using a twist‐tie to measure the length of strips you need to create a pendant in the design you desire. Cut sufficient strips of newsprint to create your project using the twist tie to measure their length. 3. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 140 .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Your paper should look like this after you make the cut. Page 141 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Next. 5. 4. roll your strips following the instructions in chapter 2 for dual‐taper strips. The strips make the mold top‐heavy. so I put my mold into a plastic bowl to stabilize it. Wrap a rubber band around your mold (in my example a ball) to hold the strips.
checking for gaps. Allow the assembly to dry overnight. Inspect your strips. Bend the Makigami strips around the mold and then…. and adjust them accordingly. 7. 8.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6.. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 142 . Tuck them underneath the rubber band.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. This will ensure that the assembly comes off the mold in one piece. Carefully remove the rubber band without removing the Makigami assembly. Page 143 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Dilute some wood glue with water to the thickness of heavy cream. Allow the assembly to dry on the ball for at least four hours. Make sure you apply an extra coat to the area where the strips overlap. 11. Brush the assembly with a coat of the wood glue and water mixture. 10.
Carefully release the assembly by pushing on the ball. Trim the tips of the Makigami strips as desired.Origami Bonsai Accessories 12. release some air from the ball. 13. Your pendant should look like this. If necessary. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 144 .
The next step is to attach a necklace to the pendant. 14. I use rawhide which can be looped through the pendant and then tied around the wearer’s neck. In this case I’m using a product called “Gorilla Glue. wood glue and a small amount of water.” Page 145 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I like to use a heavier duty glue to make this connection.Origami Bonsai Accessories I painted my pendant with two coats of a mixture of blue and black acrylic paint.
Use a toothpick or leftover piece of Makigami as a tool to pick up the glue. Pour some glue onto a small scrap of paper. Loop your strap around the end of the pendant. strong connection with the pendant. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 146 . Spread a bead of glue on the area where your strap will attach to the pendant.Origami Bonsai Accessories 15. 17. In this example I will glue the strap horizontally on the underside of the pendant. 16. Note where the strap will make a good.
Page 147 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Put the strap into position and then clamp as necessary with clothespins. I saved some of my paint so I could give all the glued areas a touch‐up coat as a last step.Origami Bonsai Accessories 18. Be careful not to allow the clothespins to contact the glue or they could become a permanent part of your work. After the glue dries you can attach just about anything to the inside of the pendant.
as well as the resultant pendant. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 148 . Shown here are a group of Makigami strips drying.Origami Bonsai Accessories The stocking technique can also be used for teardrop pendants.
Origami Bonsai Accessories x Page 149 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 150 .
Building Block 5: You can cut a Makigami strip shorter. Makigami strips can be bent slightly to conform to a design. Building Block 2: All Makigami rolling solutions must contain at least one ingredient that acts as a lubricant. Make extra strips and don’t worry about mistakes! Building Block 7: Once dry. Building Block 4: Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. Building Block 8: Fillers like corn starch result in more durable Makigami strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories Quick Reference Guide Building Blocks Use these general rules for designing products made from Makigami. Building Block 6: Makigami is cheap and easy to recycle. Page 151 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Building Block 3: Makigami strips will retain whatever shape they have been molded into. Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper. but you cannot make it longer after it has been cut.
The corn starch tends not to mix completely. but the resultant strips are quite durable. Before you begin any project you should consider whether it will require the durability of recipe 3. Strong and Durable Makigami 32 parts Water 2 part Wood Glue 2 part Acrylic Paint – any color 1 part Corn Starch This recipe is a little harder to use in the rolling process (it seems slippery). The rolling process is not as easy as the first recipe.” While this recipe does not make the strongest Makigami strips. it is also the most challenging to roll. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 152 . choose recipe 2. try this one.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami Recipes Choosing the proper Makigami solution for a project is important. or handled roughly. Recipe 2. Stronger Makigami 16 parts Water 1 part Wood Glue 1 part Acrylic Paint – any color The second recipe can be used to make any of the projects presented in this book. and the finished product will not have the durability required for daily use. If you’re having trouble learning to roll using the other recipes. Recipe 3. it is very easy to learn the rolling process with it. so you should stir your container of Makigami rolling solution each time you dip your brush in it. While the third recipe creates a durable form of Makigami. Recipe 1. Basic Makigami 16 parts Water 1 part Acrylic Paint (any color) This is the first recipe I developed which was described in my book “Advanced Origami Bonsai. If your project isn’t going to be used daily.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami Rolling Videos Click this image to watch a video showing how to roll an un‐tapered Makigami strip. Click this image to watch a video that shows how to roll a tapered Makigami strip. Page 153 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Click this picture to watch a video that shows how to roll a dual‐tapered Makigami strip. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 154 .
however I believe it is important to share the technique I plan to pursue. A piece of flexible material surrounded the two cylinders. Once rolled. which is the inspiration for this technique. Many years ago I rolled my own cigarettes with a handy little rolling machine. Page 155 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . You then pushed on the flexible material. I hope to use the same technique to mass produce long strips of Makigami for common consumer items like pens. the long strips of Makigami would be cut to length. placed tobacco into the pocket between the rollers and then closed it. the machine I’m thinking of will roll strips that are initially eight feet long. You opened the machine (see picture). or stamped into shape. The rolling machine had two cylinders mounted in a bracket. The only difference between the machine I envision and a cigarette rolling machine is size. The flexible material I described above would be replaced by cloth. I believe this type of configuration would be capable of producing extremely strong material. while simultaneously inserting a rolling paper. toothbrush handles. A third roller. suspended in a vat of Makigami rolling solution would provide variable tension.Origami Bonsai Accessories Theoretical Mass Production Technique As of this writing I have not resolved all the encumbrances to mass production of Makigami. chopsticks and furniture. attached to molds. which forced the rollers to turn. and then allowed to cure in a large greenhouse. or some other material that would pick up and then saturate the newsprint with Makigami solution as it entered the machine.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.