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Origami Bonsai Accessories
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010, Benjamin John Coleman, all rights reserved. This document is not to be reproduced in any way without the express written consent of Benjamin John Coleman. Origami Bonsai® is a registered trademark of Benjamin John Coleman, all rights reserved. I would like to thank Gretchen Anderson for helping me develop new Makigami rolling solutions as well as John and Annette Coleman for helping edit this book.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
1. Introduction 2. Makigami Charms and Little Things 3. Simple Planters 4. Faux Wood Finishes 5. Fractal Wave Planters 6. Shallow Tapered Planters 7. Useful Crescents 8. Teardrop Makigami Pendants Quick Reference Guide and Videos
Page 3 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Sadly. but on a microscopic scale. glass in 3. But far worse is what happens to plastic that doesn’t make it to the landfill.000 BCE. Introduction Evolution of Man Made Materials The most commonly known man made materials are ceramics. hemp and other plant matter. skeletal frames. Plastic has unique properties that made it a suitable replacement for common items that previously had been made from metals and ceramics. Dominance of Plastics The eye of innovation was drawn away from paper when plastic was invented in 1862.000 BCE. paper in 105 AD. Paper was largely forgotten and became associated solely with the publication of documents and production of cardboard. the ball of plastic will endure and the bones will not. at the same time we are very aware that the plastic disposable razor we used this morning will persist more than 450 years in the landfill where it was disposed. and the oceans of our planet are full of the stuff. Plastic has become common in the environment. Paper was invented by the Chinese but was very different from the paper we commonly encounter today. each one with a compacted ball of plastic in its center. Animals mistake plastic for food. Throughout our history paper appears not just as a medium for documentation. glass. and plastic in 1862. This slaw was then poured into molds and allowed to dry. Our society clings to plastic in an uncomfortable embrace. metals in 6. metals. more durable and capable of making things that had been previously reserved to ceramics and glass. Their bones lay in little heaps along beautiful beaches.Origami Bonsai Accessories I. Interestingly. The plant matter was broken down to individual fibers creating paper pulp which resembles coleslaw. but also as the primary component of various inventions.000 BCE. However. Paper has become one of the most versatile materials made by man. In the South Pacific islands it is not uncommon to find birds that have starved to death. Early recipes for paper included the use of bark. It is an inexpensive material that affords us the luxury of making “disposable” and “one‐time‐use” products. These manmade materials have been extensively explored and we have developed many useful products from them. Ceramics were first created in about 29. Paper gets its strength from these individual fibers which become entangled in a chaotic pattern within the material. Paper has been used to make everything from clothing to armor. their bellies filled with so much plastic that there is no room for food. paper innovations had come to a virtual standstill by 1900. We quickly developed molding techniques that make plastic our most versatile resource for mass production. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 4 . plastics and papers. Plastic is waterproof. Plastic shopping bags fly like flags from trees.
how a Makigami product was created is usually not apparent. paper is cut into strips and then saturated in a special solution. or revolutionary eco‐friendly consumer products. no one ever saturated paper with a liquid and rolled it. In this book I have included descriptions of how to make fine. While these guides may reflect the final shape of the finished product. not rolled). whether that is in the form of beautiful creations. Revisiting an Old Material During the 1. My Intention in Publishing this Book After inventing Makigami I immediately considered patenting the material. Once dry the rolled Makigami pieces retain their shape. After great consideration I realized I neither had the funds nor the desire to control this new eco‐friendly material. and all disposable consumer products. But until now. and perhaps the solution is Makigami. and perhaps your creation will result in widening the appeal of Makigami. Makigami uses cylindrical and other objects as guides. My intention is to open your mind and unleash your creativity. making those sticks thicker. no one took the next step. and could not find any references to the rolling of paper by this method. and have invested billions of dollars in infrastructure to support their development. they know how to make virtually anything from them. The question is: is there another way we can maintain our standard of living and protect the environment at the same time? Perhaps there is. The molding process for Makigami is very different from that of plastics.Origami Bonsai Accessories It could be argued that this rise in the use of plastic as the primary material for manufacture resulted in a much higher standard of living. I did a significant amount of research. and achieving a resultant product that is surprisingly similar to wood. adding a few ingredients to the saturating solution. Certainly there were attempts at something similar. This is the fundamental difference between Makigami molding and plastic molding.800 years that paper was a primary material for the production of goods. but also included are instructions for making more useful and common items. chopsticks. Manufacturers have been working with plastics for years. and others. Plastics are poured into molds. Makigami literally means “roll‐paper” in Japanese and was invented by Benjamin John Coleman in 2009. They have no interest in pursuing a material that will cost them millions in development efforts. It could also be argued that plastic led to modern economies that are based on consumption. Gillette. I wanted them to consider using my material for products like toothbrushes. it is rolled and then attached to molds and allowed to dry. as well as universities like MIT. My inquiries went unanswered. for some reason. artistic creations. As you complete the projects in this book you should think about other possible projects. The process for making Makigami is simple. There is much to discover in this new craft. with examples that include cotton swabs and lollipop sticks (which are actually twisted paper. Universities Page 5 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I contacted major companies like Bic. Makigami molding requires significantly more thought.
Do not try to use deep cookie sheets (with a taller lip) as this will interfere with the rolling process.Origami Bonsai Accessories like MIT are busy developing much stronger. specialty materials and have little interest in researching a simple material like Makigami designed for widespread use. red. Nylon Stockings: You should buy a few pairs of nylon stockings. In the coming years perhaps this will change. You will not need a lot of it. and that materials like paper. We use these to attach Makigami strips to oddly shaped molds. will be rediscovered. What you Will Need: Wood Glue: I use a waterproof wood glue. allowing future generations to create virtually anything they need from paper. Wire Cutters: Makigami is too strong for scissors. Acrylic Paint: You will need large containers of white. Buy a large container of it. Trays: You will need two cookie sheets that have less than a one inch lip. You will find “building blocks” in each chapter. These colors will be mixed to create green and various other shades. Our planet faces environmental challenges that threaten the existence of all species. black. Cornstarch: Any brand of dry cornstarch will be fine. Paint Brush: Purchase a paint brush that is about one inch wide. I believe that recycling efforts will intensify. Be advised. Try to use the same weight of paper in each project. Newspaper: Virtually any newspaper will work. And just like mathematical theorems. they can be combined. This means that some newspapers will require that you regroup the differently weighted pages. and use it to create a new generation of easily recyclable consumer products. blue and yellow acrylic paints. These building blocks are highlighted like theorems of a mathematics textbook. These will be used to saturate the newspaper prior to rolling. We use wire cutters to trim our creations prior to painting them. there are some newspapers that vary the weight of their paper. Sheets on the outside of sections will be of a heavier grade than sheets on the inside. Hot Melt Glue Gun and Glue Sticks: You’ll need a standard hot melt glue gun and a bunch of glue sticks. My hope is that people involved in the development of plastic products find it. which has a carbon‐negative footprint and can be repeatedly recycled. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 6 . This book has been written as a basic manual for building virtually anything from paper. This becomes quite frustrating during the rolling process.
For the purposes of this book. The half‐fold folds the sheet in half. These items will not be damaged during the molding process and can be returned to their normal uses after the Makigami dries. an American football. and the quarter fold. Half‐pages of newsprint will not be used in this work. a large deep cooking pan. Page 7 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . which is performed after the half fold. folds the sheet into quarters. and some tumblers (glasses). Each sheet of newsprint has two folds. one sheet of newsprint shall be defined as one double‐sided sheet of paper which corresponds to four pages of a newspaper. Definition of Terms for Newsprint In order to properly convey instructions. it is important that I define a piece of newsprint. The molds we will use in this book include: a closet clothes hanger bar.Origami Bonsai Accessories Molds: Many household items can be used as molds for Makigami.
No Taper Taper‐less strips have many applications and are the easiest to make.Origami Bonsai Accessories Different Types of Taper One of the most powerful aspects of the Makigami art form is the ability to create various types of taper. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 8 . while applying extra pressure. You will learn that tapers have different applications which can add tremendous visual impact to your creations. Different types of taper are defined below. Below are the basic types of tapers I will use in this book. Narrow Constant Taper Makigami strips with narrow constant taper mimic the stems of vines and some fast‐growing trees. Repeated rolling. allows thicker bulging strips to be rolled successfully. so you might want to bookmark or fold down the corner of this page so you can refer back to it. You will find that double‐ended tapered Makigami strips tend to rip in half during the rolling process. Bulging tapered strips have a slightly different problem. Each taper has a corresponding technique for rolling. These shallow tapered stems are useful for making trees and various accessories. Each picture shows a cut piece of newsprint and the corresponding Makigami shape it produces. with the exception of double‐ended taper and bulging taper. You will learn rolling techniques for each type of taper as they are used later in this book. Most of the taper types below can be made thicker by adding additional sheets of newsprint cut to the same size and shape. additional sheets tend to ripple on the edges of the bulge.
Only recently developed. The strip shown was made using several sheets of newsprint cut into the same shape. This shape is useful for all types of Makigami projects. but they could also be used to make paper buttons. It’s a bit harder to roll. and stays narrow for a long time. I suspect they will be useful in the creation of bonsai planters that transition from narrow to wide and then narrow again.Origami Bonsai Accessories Thick Constant Taper This is the type of taper you find among slow‐growing trees. Bulging Taper Strips with bulging taper can be used for mushroom stems. I’ve found this taper to be useful for coiling Makigami discs like the ones I use for mushroom caps. Exponential Decay Taper This type of taper starts out thick. Double‐Ended Taper This double‐ended taper shape is useful for creating Makigami bowls and other types of sculpture. I have just begun to think about applications for bulging taper Makigami strips. but quickly becomes narrow. Page 9 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . so pay special attention to the rolling technique.
but I didn’t. instead it must be rolled perpendicular to the longest fibers. I should have cut a small piece and tested its rolling properties before I started the project.. I assumed the paper would roll more easily by rolling against the long fibers. I was wrong and wasted a large amount of it (pictured above). as shown by the arrow. The long fibers were mostly parallel (aligned in the same direction). The paper was almost transparent. and looked more like cloth than paper. and I could see smaller fibers perpendicular to the longer fibers. A close‐up (left) reveals the fibers which flow horizontally across the paper.Origami Bonsai Accessories Fiber Orientation within Different Papers Papers like newsprint are most commonly made from trees. Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper. however there are other papers made from different plants. The paper was composed of extremely long fibers (I believe it was cotton). I decided to make some Makigami strips from the paper and learned a lot in the process. Recently a friend of mine traveled to India where he stumbled upon some odd paper and bought it for me. It is virtually impossible to roll this paper in the direction of the fibers. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 10 .
The resulting Makigami strips are pictured on the next page. The properties of this paper were very different from newsprint. When mixed with the yellow liquid. Using this paper.” holds true for newsprint even though we can’t see the individual fibers.Origami Bonsai Accessories This actually makes sense when you consider the finished strip. the individual fibers become tightly packed and run from the narrow tip of the strip all the way to the other end. the purple paper became a soft. Note the direction of the clean tear. After being unable to roll the sheets pictured on the previous page. Tear a piece of newsprint. I wish I had more of this paper to experiment with. A jagged tear is an indication that you’re tearing against the fibers. Page 11 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . but based on my experience I do not recommend using long fiber papers for Makigami. however there might be a different use for them. the strips above are far more flexible than I am used to. The rolling rule. I re‐cut my remaining pieces of the Indian paper. In thicker areas. Also. “roll perpendicular to the longest fibers. We can easily test the newsprint to determine the proper rolling direction by tearing a piece of it. I do not think they would make good branches or planters. either horizontally or vertically. brown color. and then roll perpendicular to it. the individual layers of paper separated. I cut the sheets keeping in mind that I would be rolling them perpendicular to the longest fibers. The blue paper became an interesting shade of green. a clean tear suggests you’re tearing parallel to the fibers. I used a yellow Makigami solution. and observe how it tears.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is some long tapered Makigami “grass” I made from long fiber paper Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 12 .
I use un‐tapered Makigami in virtually every project I create. or to make statements or express feelings. I soon realized that I was not working with plastic. not my will. and they’re eco‐friendly. and that I had to learn to work with the material. changing my ideas so that they fit its capabilities. Badges are useful items. but highlighted with glimmers of hope. as this is the material most useful for branchlets upon which I attach leaves. They can be used as prizes for competitions. they don’t damage clothing. You will learn to use this material to make charms with interesting patterns inside. because they attach like paperclips. This is the best way to teach its manufacture. Page 13 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . In this chapter I revisit the un‐tapered version of the material that I used in the early days. You will also learn to make badges. I tried to mold tight 180 degree turns and complex shapes. These charms are durable enough that they can be worn. campaigns. Makigami Charms and Little Things My early days with Makigami were filled with frustration. so they won’t persist in the environment for hundreds of years. Badges are an excellent example of an application where Makigami can replace metal and plastic. I believe Makigami badges are superior to plastic and metal badges. My early experiments with the material were attempts at forcing it to do things it could not.Origami Bonsai Accessories 2.
Your sheet will look like this once you’ve made the cuts. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 14 . This helps keep both sheets of paper aligned while I make the cuts. you should never use previously folded areas of newsprint. One full sheet of newsprint corresponds to four numbered pages from a newspaper.Origami Bonsai Accessories Making Makigami Charms We start with one full sheet of newsprint. so the first step is to remove the quarter‐fold from the middle of the sheet. folded in half. As a general rule. 1. The larger pieces should be approximately equal in size and will be made up of two plies of paper. 2. The folded center piece can be put in your recycling bin. 3. Notice that I am cutting while holding the half‐fold. I’m holding the fold in my left hand. so I’ll be creating two. four inch wide pieces of paper. all printed on one sheet of paper. Rotate and cut one of the sheets approximately four inches from its outer edge. Use a pair of scissors to make two cuts parallel to the fold approximately ¼ inch away from it.
You will now have eight almost identical pieces of paper.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Cut four of the strips from step 5 above in half lengthwise. 6. Hold the remaining (from step 2) piece of paper over the strips you already cut. This will be sufficient to complete both projects presented on the pages that follow. Cut the remaining sheet from step 1 in the same manner. This allows you to accurately cut two more strips that are the same size as the previous ones. You will now have four wide and eight narrow strips of paper. Page 15 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 5. 7.
but also for making branches for Origami Bonsai trees. As we continue to roll the paper strip. we saturate a piece of newsprint with a special solution. This forms a slippery layer within the Makigami strip that allows the paper inside the rolled strip to slide. This means that you should not use warm water in your solution unless you plan to allow it to cool prior to using it. along with light force from our hands. Initially this seems impossible. I prefer this newer recipe. this internal sliding causes the strip to become narrower and more densely packed with layers of paper. but we use various physical properties. the paper has to slide over itself for the process to work. to do it. the solution squeezes out of the pulp in the paper. Basically. For this chapter’s projects the quality of your rolling is not important. If you understand how the process works you’ll have an easier time mastering it. The final consistency should be similar to un‐ whipped cream. It is extremely important that you become able to identify the difference between a successfully rolled Makigami strip and a defective one. Makigami is temperature sensitive and must be at room temperature. Basic Makigami Recipe Building Block 2: 16 Parts Water All Makigami rolling 1 Part Wood Glue solutions must contain at 1 Part Acrylic Paint – any color least one ingredient that In a clean jar combine the ingredients and mix with a acts as a lubricant. If you have been using the Makigami recipe from my second book. What is important is that you develop a feel for the material and begin to identify successfully rolled strips. In general this solution produces Makigami strips that have two to four times the tensile strength of those using the original recipe. This is a friction‐abundant environment. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 16 . Makigami gains its strength from layers of paper that are tightly rolled around each other. As we roll the wet newsprint. Advanced Origami Bonsai. not just for making projects in this book. between 60°F and 80°F. During each step of the rolling process I will list problems that may occur. and how to avoid them. paintbrush. their source. you should note that this recipe produces a thicker Makigami solution.Origami Bonsai Accessories Introduction to Makigami Now I will introduce you to the first Makigami rolling solution presented in this book.
To do this. to completely saturate the paper. 1.Origami Bonsai Accessories How to Roll Makigami Strips You will need a one inch wide paintbrush. Spread a coat of Makigami solution on your tray with a soft brush. but less paint builds up on them and they allow you a little better grip when rolling. use the bristles of your paintbrush to lift the paper off the tray. Page 17 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 2. I also recommend putting on latex gloves. Latex gloves not only keep the paint off your hands. 3. spreading as above. You’ll need to flip your paper to ensure it gets completely saturated. Put one of the larger pieces of newsprint on top of the solution you spread in step 1 and then add more solution. We start with the larger pieces of paper.
Then use your brush to flatten the fold. Visually inspect your sheet to confirm that it is completely saturated with solution. folded edge. Use your brush to lift the bottom edge of paper off the pan and then fold it up. slowly roll the paper up onto itself. add a little more solution and use your brush to remove any air bubbles trapped under the paper. 5. After flipping. With only light pressure. Make sure there are no air bubbles under the fold. You will end up with a loosely wrapped tube. 6. Curl it so it forms a tube across the bottom. Use your brush to lift the bottom.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 18 . 7.
and then roll it again. 10. Page 19 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Long Strokes . This will reduce drying time. you will notice that the tube becomes narrower. 11.Origami Bonsai Accessories 8. It will become a solid strip. You’re done rolling when the top edge of paper is no longer visible. in the same direction. As the tube narrows. apply more pressure. After a few repetitions of rolling. pick it up. Applying light pressure. Roll the rest of your bigger sheets following the same procedure. apply more pressure. Once the strip is rolled as tight as it will get. Roll the Makigami strip a few more times to get as much moisture out of it as possible. 9. roll the tube to the end of the pan.
You will eventually develop this skill to the point where you can roll strips that have the same thickness as angel hair pasta. 2. 1. 3. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 20 Long Strokes . The narrower the strips of paper. 6. the more challenging they are to roll. 4.Origami Bonsai Accessories Now roll the smaller pieces of paper into narrower strips in the same manner. 5.
Page 21 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . You will need to find some long. Building Block 3: Makigami strips will retain whatever shape they have been molded into. You should always begin this way. In this example I use two such objects. Now we’ll use masking tape to attach the strips to molds. cylindrical objects around your house. 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories Molding Makigami Strips We started the rolling process with strips that would become the thickest for a reason: they take longer to dry. Use masking tape to attach one end of a thicker strip to the clothes hanger tube. The larger is a tube you will find in almost every closet in your home. closely parallel to itself. you hang clothes hangers on it. 1. The narrower cylinder is a ¼ inch dowel I bought at my local hardware store. If you roll the thinnest strips first they might become too dry before they are attached to the molds. Wrap the strip tightly around the tube.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 22 . 4.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. as shown. 5. Repeat this process for any other thick strips you may have rolled. Tear some of your masking tape in half for the narrower strips. and then across the Makigami strip to secure the other end. Wrap the strips around the dowel maintaining the distance between previous wraps. Attach a piece of masking tape to the tube. Attach several of them to the narrower cylinder (the ¼ inch dowel I mentioned before) at an angle. It will end up looking a bit like a barber’s pole.
We will want some straight. Tape the other end(s) to the dowel and allow to dry. 5. so put some of them on a flat surface and allow them to dry. Page 23 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . narrow. Makigami strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4.
you’ll never get the smoky smell out of it. I try to time my Makigami projects to correspond with sunny days. I roll my Makigami in the early morning. I consider my truck a “solar oven” for curing my Makigami. from newspapers. attached to their molds. You shouldn’t use your oven either. which contain recycled paper. It will take approximately 12 hours for the thicker strips to dry. It wastes a tremendous amount of energy and is hazardous. depending on the temperature and humidity of your home. We use newsprint. If your Makigami smolders. Drying time will be greatly reduced using this method. Within this recycled content there are often flakes of foil or metal from staples that got recycled along with the paper. Never attempt to dry Makigami in a microwave oven. If you wish to reduce the drying time you can park your car in the sun and move your Makigami strips.” you may have a disaster on your hands. any paper that didn’t adhere properly to the strip can be trimmed off. Even if you set your oven to “warm.Origami Bonsai Accessories Drying Makigami Strips It is best to be patient. and allow your strips to dry inside your home. but it smolders at a much lower temperature. Using an oven to dry Makigami turns an environmentally friendly art form into a global warming mess. This includes strips that are as thick as one inch in diameter. These small pieces of metal will cause your strips to catch fire in a microwave. put the strips in my truck. about four hours for the narrower ones. Paper burns at 451 degrees Fahrenheit (233 degrees C). Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 24 . into direct sunlight inside the car. Once dry. and they’re usually dry by early afternoon.
so here’s how it’s done: 1. Page 25 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Slide ring off cylinder. simply pull off the masking tape and slide the strips off. 3. Remove outer piece of masking tape. 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories Removing Strips When Dry Most strips are easy to remove. The thicker strips we made for the outer ring of charms are harder to remove. Tear inner piece of masking tape at overlap.
1. Now you will have one Makigami circle and one with overlap.Origami Bonsai Accessories In order to make charms we need a circular loop. Cut a second circle from the remaining. 3. use wire cutters to cut the strips approximately 1/8th inch from the end. 2. overlapped piece. Because the quality of the Makigami strip tends to vary at its ends. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 26 . and simultaneously the adjacent tier to create a circle (see next image). Cut this. Each thicker Makigami strip can be cut into two loops to make two charms.
to the right. Even though I illustrate how to create a very simple peace symbol. the strip was molded. There are many shapes and patterns that can be made in this manner. Page 27 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . You’ll need your glue gun and a glue dish if you’ve got one. 1. Bend the strip roughly three times as far to the left as it is molded to the right. and therefore naturally bends. you should allow your creativity to flow. In this example. 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories Assembling Makigami Charms I will now show you how to construct a rudimentary charm from the Makigami strips you have created. We need to bend the Makigami strips to be perfect circles.
5.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. 4. Building Block 4: Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. Close the strip and apply a small amount of pressure as the hot melt glue sets. After bending. the strip should naturally center. Open the strip and apply a small amount of hot melt glue to the end. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 28 .
2. 1. Now cut the other end of the semi‐circle.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Now we’ll make a small loop at the top of the circle which allows it to hang from a string or necklace. Cut a semi‐circle out of the strip. thinking about the curve of the circle you made in the previous section. Do this by looking down the strip so you can see the curl. for as many circles as you may have. starting from step one. Repeat. again considering the curve of the circle you’re going to attach it to. We use the narrower Makigami strip that was looped repeatedly around the ¼ inch dowel. Make the first cut so it will attach smoothly to the circle. Smooth the glued connection with the hot tip of your glue gun. Page 29 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Dip the ends of the semi‐circle in hot melt glue. 4.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. So it fits properly on the Makigami circle you’ve already created. You may need to trim the semi‐circle a bit to get a good fit. Bend the semicircle……. Attach the semi‐circle to the circle on either side of the previously glued connection. 5. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 30 . 6.
Repeat from step 1 for any additional circles you may have.” This means we’ll need one long and two short. 1. Use wire cutters to cut longer pieces of the straight and narrow Makigami strip. straight pieces of Makigami. Simple Internal Assemblies for Charms We’re going to mount a peace sign inside our charm. and four shorter ones to form a peace sign. Cut two longer pieces. Page 31 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Use the hot tip of your glue gun to make the connections smooth. We use the straight.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. narrow Makigami strips for this. 2. A peace sign is fundamentally an upside down “Y.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Building Block 5: You can cut a Makigami strip shorter. Glue a second short strip to form a “Y. Trim the long strip first.” 5. Think about how the upside down “Y” will be centered within the circle. Glue one short strip to one long strip at an angle. Page 32 .Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. you can always shorten more after a cut. Remember. but you can’t re‐lengthen a Makigami strip. 4. but you cannot make it longer after it has been cut.
Page 33 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 6.” Building Block 6: Makigami is cheap and easy to recycle. better “Y. and a lot more glue. Now trim the shorter strips so they fit inside the circle. Make extra strips and don’t worry about mistakes! 7. Dip the tips of the two shorter pieces of the peace sign in glue and……. If you make a mistake it’s easy to create a new. you have a lot more of the straight Makigami strip to work with. Remember. 8. Make sure your upside down “Y” fits within the circle.
Glue the remaining end to the inside of the circle.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. 12. 11. resulting in your assembly falling apart. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 34 . attach them to the inside of the circle. Be careful not to heat the glue too hot. then move to another. 10. and then return to the first to allow cooling in between. Repeat these steps for as many peace signs you intend to make. Smooth one side of one connection. Use the hot tip of your glue gun to make all glued connections smooth.
15. Mix some acrylic paint and wood glue. Drying your charms on aluminum foil will avoid problems that arise on other surfaces. In this example I’m using red and blue so I’ll end up with purple peace signs. Notice the odd. Paper will stick to the glue/acrylic paint mixture and ruin the finish. Page 35 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 14. peace‐sign color. simultaneously smooth and rough looking material. Paint your peace signs with a generous coat of the mixture. I painted my charms with a final coat of pink which resulted in this funky. This look is unique to Makigami.Origami Bonsai Accessories 13. thinner coat of a different color. when the first coat is dry you can add a second. If you wish.
If exposed to the elements. like campaign buttons. and they’re not just for campaigns. and a circle of printed paper. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 36 . This is the length of Makigami we need to make each button. Initially made from metal. a narrow ring. Because they clip on to clothing. like a paper clip. 2. so the wider the tube the larger the button. 1. A little ingenuity along with an eco‐friendly material results in a solution to an environmental problem ‐ without sacrificing utility. This is a good example the versatility of Makigami. These buttons are easy to make and useful. and to communicate virtually anything you can think of in an environmentally friendly way. In this example I use the same clothing hanger tube I used in the previous one. that can be recycled in your paper recycling bin. and will be for another 450 years. In this section I illustrate how to make buttons. as trophies for contests. Because metal and plastic degrade slowly. they’re all still there. they won’t damage what they’re attached to. They can be used to acknowledge achievements. Measure the circumference of the tube upon which you plan to mold your buttons.Origami Bonsai Accessories Making Clip‐on Buttons Over the years we’ve had thousands of elections for which millions of campaign buttons were made. nor will they draw blood like the pins on old‐style buttons. or use a piece of string. or twist a group of bread ties together. These are three part buttons which consist of a clip ring. Bend the twist tie at the two inch overlap point as a marker. they will biodegrade in less than three months. Use a long twist tie. more recent buttons combine metal and plastic. The finished button will be a little bit larger than the diameter of the tube you use. All these buttons have one thing in common ‐ the vast majority ended up in landfills. Wrap it around your tube allowing it to overlap itself by about two inches.
starting the diagonal cut approximately one inch from the bottom edge and cutting all the way to the fold. 5. Cut a sheet of newsprint in half in the long direction. You should now have a stack of newsprint pieces that are the correct length. Cut the fold off the half it’s attached to. Page 37 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 6. 4. Fold them in half and cut them diagonally. See step 7 (after the cut) if this seems confusing. Each piece represents one button. Use the twist tie you made in step 2 to cut the newsprint to the proper length.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3.
I rolled four double‐tapered strips and two long narrow ones. like the ones used in the previous project. Use smaller. 10. short pushes of your fingertips rather than long ones. 8. Roll half as many of these as you roll double‐tapered strips. 9. Roll all your strips. Also cut some narrow strips (2 inches wide). Double‐tapered strips like the ones we made in steps 1 through 7 require a different movement when rolling. This will be enough material to make four buttons. Your newsprint pieces should look like this. Short Strokes Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 38 . Long pushes will result in the strip tearing at its thickest point.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 11. Attach the strips to the same mold you used to measure. Page 39 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
This will leave a gap between the clip‐on ring and the narrow ring that we’ll need. web photos. but I’m cutting the narrow ring about 1/8th of an inch too long. If you used a clothes hanger rod to mold your strips you’ll get two narrow rings of the correct diameter from each one. and bend them into circles. Once dry. or create your own designs in graphic programs. We need a lot of extra space so glue won’t end up on the face of our buttons. Here are four button designs I’m going to use in this section. 1.” This means that we can cut our rings slightly larger. Finding a tube of this diameter would be a challenge. Cut the narrow rings so they fit around the clip‐on rings with about 1/32 of an inch to spare. In a perfect world we would have had a second tube of slightly greater diameter than the clothes hanger rod we’re using.Origami Bonsai Accessories The fun part of making buttons is deciding what to put on them. because we’re securing them within the button. but luckily building block four says “Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. You can make buttons from magazines. remove your Makigami strips from the mold. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 40 . It’s hard to see here. 2. Cut your designs into circles that are about an inch greater in diameter than your clip‐rings.
If the glue gets spread beyond the edge it might end up on the face of the button. Bend the narrow ring so that it forms as perfect a circle as possible. 4.Origami Bonsai Accessories This picture shows the desired gap between the narrow ring and the clip‐on ring. but try not to spread the glue over the edge. Page 41 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 3. Spread the mixture on your button circle. We want the outer margin of the circle to become damp. Use a glossy magazine to protect your work surface. Mix wood glue with a small amount of water in a cup. It should be fairly thick mixture. You also need a small paintbrush with short bristles. 5.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 42 . Use your fingers to secure the narrow ring while you do this. You want to press and compact the paper into the inner edge of the narrow ring. When you insert the clip‐on ring you should consider where the top of the pin will end up when someone is going to wear it. but if you push too hard without supporting the other side you will tear the paper. It is important to seat the clip‐on ring properly. Lift and fold in this manner for the entire circumference of the circle. Use your paintbrush to lift the outer edge and fold it along the narrow ring towards the center of the button. Insert the clip‐on ring into the middle. 8. paper sun catchers (circles of stained glass) can be made in the same manner but with larger rings. For example. 7. 6. Press down hard with your paintbrush along the inner edge of the narrow ring. This technique has many applications beyond making buttons. Pinch it into place being sure to support the front of the button with your index fingers.Origami Bonsai Accessories The narrow ring is held flat against the work surface for steps 6 and 7. As you gain more experience you can make buttons specifically designed to attach to collars versus lapels.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 43 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. It is easy to make a large number of identical planters using this technique. I use this type of planter when I make chess sets. This method for making planters is particularly useful when you plan to make more than one planter of the same design. I make a large number of strips. cut them down to standard sizes. I have used this technique in many of my works. but beautiful planters. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 44 . assembling them can be a challenge. and then assemble them into tiny planters upon which Origami Bonsai chess pieces will be mounted. While the process for making and molding the Makigami strips is simple. Simple Planters We will now use some of the skills we learned in the previous chapter to make planters. Un‐tapered strips of Makigami will be molded and assembled into basic.
3. Combine the sheets. so I’ll make my first cut slightly further than in half because I’m going to cut the fold off in the next step.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. Cut the quarter‐fold out of the sheets as shown here. I would like to cut the sheets in half. Put the fold in your recycling bin. but can’t because I don’t want to use the fold (in my left hand in the picture). 2. Start with two pages of newsprint folded in half. Page 45 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . This tells me where to cut the fold off. so I hold the fold in my left hand while looking at the sheets I just cut. I want all the sheets to have the same width.
But even if it does come loose and your strips don’t mold evenly. 5. Each piece of tape needs to be at least six inches long. Two of the strips will be used on the bottoms of the planters. we can compensate when we do the assembling. cut approximately one inch longer than your strips. The longer your piece of tape. Find a large. 6. and one inch wider than the combined width of your strips. the less likely it is to come unstuck. so I’ll allow them to dry straight. but you may want to make them even longer. I now have 16 sheets for making Makigami strips. I will mold 14 of the strips. The remaining folds can be put in the recycling bin. You will also need a piece of cloth. Attach four pieces of masking tape to the cloth.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. wide pot to use as a mold. Roll the strips according to the instructions on page 16. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 46 . They should be attached approximately one quarter inch from the edges. As the strips dry there is a tendency for the tape to detach.
Place the cloth with tape on it on top of the strips. 8. Page 47 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Make sure the tape is secure before proceeding to the next step. pressing the strips against the mold. Arrange your strips evenly and balance them on top of the mold. Carefully run your hands over the cloth. 9. and then pressing the tape against the mold.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7.
Add a piece of tape to the other side just as you did in step 11. Tighten the pieces of tape by lifting them up. Attach it to the cloth first.Origami Bonsai Accessories 10. 11. and pulling on the free end while simultaneously pressing on the tape which is attached to the cloth. one at a time. Your cloth will develop a loose area between the two pieces of tape. 12. Add another long piece of tape to the loose area. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 48 . and then tighten it as you stick it to the mold.
we can compensate for any difference in molding when we do the assembly. 13. Page 49 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . They should be dry in an hour or two. To reduce drying time you can put your strips. in a hot sunny car to dry. Don’t worry if the tape comes unstuck. And the left side.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here’s a picture of the right side of my mold. attached to the mold.
Inspect your strips to confirm they are dry. remove it. 15. Warning: Makigami strips that are cold to the touch while assembled will warp after assembly. 16. If they feel cold then moisture is still evaporating from them and they should be left in a sunny location to dry completely. They should feel slightly warm to the touch. so you should cut approximately 1/8th inch off both ends of each strip Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 50 . The tips of Makigami strips tend not to roll properly. When the cloth feels dry.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14.
Cut each Makigami strip in half. You can use a previously cut strip as a guide for cutting the other strips. I call the sculpture pictured at the right “Sole Survivor” because it looks windswept and has only one flower. It is mounted in a planter similar to those we make in this chapter. Page 51 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 17. .
Makigami strips can be bent slightly to conform to a design. This is common. and can be resolved by carefully bending the less‐curved strip to match the more‐curved strip. Compare the curves of two of your cut Makigami strips. 2. You must perform this step with each Makigami strip as your assembly progresses. When you feel the strip begin to bend immediately reduce your pressure on it. The difference between bending a strip and breaking one is only slight. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 52 Building Block 7: Once dry. You may notice that their curves differ slightly. Use your fingers to gently bend the strip slightly in the direction you need.Origami Bonsai Accessories Assembly of a Flat‐Curved Planter 1. .
Use a small paintbrush to apply a bead of glue all along one side of one of the strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Page 53 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . If you did. 4. return to step one. 5. Assemble the first two strips. Compare the curves again to confirm that you didn’t over or under bend the strip.
Bend the strip if necessary before applying glue. Rinse the brush in water and wipe off the excess glue on the inside of the curve. Wet a larger brush with water and use it to wipe off excess glue on the outside of the assembly’s curve.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. 8. Prepare a third strip to be added to the assembly by comparing its curve to that of the assembly. 7. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 54 .
Notice that the curve is not perfect. Page 55 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is my assembly with three strips. Here is my completed assembly with 9 strips. Here is my assembly with four strips. Allow the glue to dry for at least four hours before proceeding to the next step. This will become almost invisible when the planter is painted.
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We will now add a curve to each end of the assembly by trimming the ends of each Makigami strip. 9. Draw an arc on both ends of your assembly. 10. Cut one half of the arc with wire cutters. Notice that I have the angled blades of the wire cutter facing away from the assembly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 56
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11. Flip the assembly over and draw the arc on the back side. 12. Trim the assembly on the line you made in step 11. Again notice that I have the angled blades of the cutter facing away from the assembly. In step 10 I was trimming the assembly on the concave side of the curve, in step 12 I’m trimming on the convex side of the curve. This combination; trimming with the angled blades of the wire cutter facing away from the assembly, and trimming the first half of the curve on the concave side, and the second half on the convex side, allows the pressure applied by the wire cutters to be absorbed by the discarding trimming rather than the assembly. If you attempt to cut any other way, the pressure of your blades will be partially absorbed by the assembly. When the assembly absorbs the force it results in splits, gaps, and cracks. Page 57 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
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Repeat steps 9 through 11 on the other side of the assembly. When complete, your assembly should look like this. 12. We will now add two “legs” to our assembly. Trim the ends off the unmolded Makigami strip you made. 13. Hold the unmolded strip against the assembly and cut the first leg leaving a gap between its ends and the outside of the assembly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 58
You should now have an assembly of strips and two legs. You don’t want the center of the assembly touching the top of your work surface as this reduces the appeal of the finished planter. Use the legs to support the assembly. Use the leg you cut in step 13 to measure cutting a second leg. either outward or inward. until the height is equal. If they’re not.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. You also want to make sure that the legs are sufficiently close to the center of the assembly. Confirm that the ends of the assembly are at the same height. adjust the legs. Page 59 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 15.
Mark the position of each leg on the assembly.Origami Bonsai Accessories 16. 18. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 60 . Transfer the marks made in step 16 to the bottom of the assembly. Apply hot melt glue to one of the legs. 17.
Your planter should look like this. Attach the leg to the bottom of the assembly at the point you marked.Origami Bonsai Accessories 19. Page 61 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Repeat this procedure with the second leg.
rather than from one side to the other as we did in the flat‐curved planter. with one long stabilizing leg. or it can be finished at an angle. This creates a shallow bowl. During assembly It is important that strips are added first to one side of the center strip. we assemble this planter from the center out. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 62 .Origami Bonsai Accessories Shallow Bowl Planter An alternative to the flat‐ curved planter is the shallow‐ bowl planter. The shallow‐bowl planter can be completed with two legs just as the flat‐curved planter was. and then to the other side of the center strip. I’m using one long stabilizing leg. This planter is assembled much like a boat. Shown at right. Strips of Makigami are added to each side of the center at a slight upward offset. from the keel outwards. instead we start with a center strip. In other words. I set the assembly on my work surface and slide a non‐ molded piece of Makigami underneath the back of it. I then cut the un‐molded strip to size. Rather than assembling each Makigami strip to create a flat surface.
Page 63 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . add some hot melt glue to it.Origami Bonsai Accessories I remove the strip. and return it into position.
While the materials we use are not toxic. I would advise against this. Faux Wood Finishes What is the best feature of using recycled newspaper in Makigami? The answer might be that it’s been printed on. If it gets exposed to a lot of moisture. and start to warp. even from the air. Always allow your work to dry for at least four hours between coats. they are also not approved for direct contact with food. This is followed by either one or two coats of a diluted (with water) mixture of paint and wood glue. The planters presented in this book would make excellent serving dishes for small appetizers like sushi.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. In this chapter I will show you how to create various finishes that mimic the look of different varieties of wood. One coat of this mixture gets painted onto every surface of the work. Perhaps a word of caution ought to be added at this point. as long as it’s not left soaking in liquid. You may be tempted to leave your work unpainted. like a spilled glass of water. 50‐50 mixture of paint and wood glue. By painting your work with a good coat of wood glue and paint you will ensure that it will last a lifetime. From a distance. Unpainted Makigami will absorb moisture. foil. As you finish a project you will notice that the newspaper print is visible in your work. as long as you provide a barrier between the Makigami and the food. Use something like a doily. waxed paper or the like to ensure you protect both yourself and the Makigami. it will be destroyed. by all means do so. My faux finishes all start with a slightly diluted (with water). this seemingly random printing looks much like the swirling pattern of real wood. If you opt to serve food on your Makigami creations. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 64 .
The first is it keeps one hand (the one holding the work) clean. secondly it keeps my fingerprints off what I’m painting.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Bamboo 1. I usually wear gloves for two reasons. but thick enough that it creates a bold color change in the work. Carefully paint every surface of your work. This mixture should be dilute enough that it will easily flow into cracks and crevises. 2. To create a faux bamboo finish we begin with a coat of yellow acrylic paint mixed with wood glue and a small amount of water. Make sure you carefully paint the ends of your planter. Page 65 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Unpainted areas will reduce the impact of your finished work.
and tops (often hidden from view by the planter) of the “legs” of the planter. then set your planter down on a piece of aluminum foil and touch up the area where you had been holding it. Once you’ve finished painting the first coat you should allow your planter to dry for about four hours. and areas with pools of paint. Run your brush over these areas. similar to the thickness of heavy cream. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 66 . Now we add a coat of 50‐50 acrylic green paint mixed with wood glue which is then diluted with water. Carefully inspect your planter for areas that you might have missed with paint. This mixture should be quite thin. If it is cool to the touch it isn’t dry yet. 3.Origami Bonsai Accessories Don’t forget to paint the ends.
similar to the mixture you created in step 3. try using brown. As long as your mixture is sufficiently dilute you won’t lose the complexity that recycled newspaper adds to the overall look. with water to dilute. If you want a more aged‐looking bamboo. If you think the planter is too bright. Apply the mixture liberally at first. 5. you can adjust the shade of your finished planter with additional coats of a 50‐50 mixture of acrylic paint and glue. try using black acrylic paint. Page 67 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . and then work it into the cracks and crevises of the planter. If you wish. Allow the planter to dry for at least four hours.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 68 .
Start with a 50‐50 mixture of yellow acrylic paint and wood glue slighly diluted with water. working it into cracks and crevises. Page 69 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 3. Then use your brush to remove any pooled paint.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Oak 1. 2. Once the first coat has dried. paint your planter with a 50‐50 mixture of brown acrylic paint and wood glue. Dilute the mixture with water until it is approximately the thickness of heavy cream. Apply the mixture liberally at first.
Allow your planter to dry for at least four hours on aluminum foil.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. is my favorite. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 70 . The faux oak finish. picture above.
Page 71 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Allow your planter to dry for at last four hours before the next step. and then dilute it with water until it is approximately as thick as heavy cream. 2. To create a faux redwood finish we begin with a 50‐50 mixture of red acrylic paint and wood glue slightly diluted with water. Make sure you cover all areas with paint. Paint all the surfaces of the planter with this mixture. Allow your planter to dry on aluminum foil for at least four hours.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Redwood 1. Mix a 50‐50 mixture of acrylic brown and wood glue. 3.
add a coat or two of 50‐50 black acrylic and wood glue. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 72 . You may even want to add a fourth coat.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. If you would like a walnut finish. add a third of the same mixture. as sometimes the initial red coat of paint is too bright. diluted with water to the consistency of heavy cream. Once the second coat has dried.
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5. Fractal Wave Planters
I must confess, I love these planters! A narrow, highly tapered and acutely curved tip rotates, widens, and becomes a wide shallow bowl. I discovered the process by which they are made completely by accident. I wanted to create a planter with more curves, but at the same time was having serious problems with assembly. It seemed that as a planter’s “curviness” increased, it’s assembly time increased exponentially. One day as I removed a planter from its mold I discovered that it stayed together. I stopped trying to take dry planters off the mold, and instead worked on reinforcing them so that they could be removed from the mold as a complete assembly. I developed a technique where glue diluted with water is painted onto dry Makigami strips while they are still on their mold. Since discovering this technique I’ve developed similar ones for other types of planters, presented later in this book. I think you will enjoy making these planters. It seems no one has seen anything like these designs before. Perhaps it would be best if we didn’t tell them how easy they are to make. You should read this entire chapter before attempting to make a fractal wave planter. There are common problems encountered during their creation that will cause you great frustration if you don’t know that they’re resolved in the end.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
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You will need the following items to complete this project: Four pages of newsprint A pair of scissors An American‐style toy football Two clothespins Two long rubber bands One nylon stocking A pencil, wire cutters and hot melt glue gun. 1. Start by cutting the newsprint approximately an inch and a half from the fold. 2. Perform the same cut on the lower half of the newsprint. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 74
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3. Place the top and bottom “halves” of newsprint on top of each other, with their half‐ folds on top of each other. Cut a diagonal across all the sheets of newsprint. When cutting this diagonal remember that we will be cutting off the fold on the side closest in this picture. The distances marked by red arrows in the picture should be equal in the finished pieces. Review the pictures that follow for a clearer understanding. 4. Cut off the fold making sure the narrow ends are the same width as the narrow ends you cut in step 3 (narrow ends are marked by red arrows in step 3). 5. You should now have 16 sheets that will make up to 16 highly‐tapered Makigami strips. We won’t need all of these, but it’s good to have extras just in case you encounter problems rolling them. Page 75 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
flip. one piece of newsprint as described in Chapter 2. We’ll use this to hold the Makigami strips temporarily as we roll them. please see Chapter 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Saturate. 7. and saturate again. For more detail. and begin to roll with light pressure. Wrap a long rubber band around the football. Curl the folded leading edge up. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 76 . 8. Use the bristles of your brush to lift the sheet and fold the leading edge up approximately one inch.
This is because it is tapered. As you complete rolling strips. slip them under the rubber band. Notice that the tip of the first strip I rolled (middle) is further from the rubber band than the two subsequent strips. Slip the thicker end of the strip under the rubber band. Increase the pressure of your rolling to wring out excess liquid. then go back to step 7 and roll the next strip. 10. You will notice that the strip rolls in a bit of an arc. Page 77 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. I am forming the rounded edge of my planter (discussed later). Roll the Makigami strip just as you did in Chapter 2 (untapered). 11.
To keep it stable you can put it in a bowl. Cut the foot off your nylon stocking. which is enough for my planter. your ball will become top heavy. or narrower planter if you wish. I’ve made 11 strips in this example. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 78 . We’ll be using the foot for this project. You can make a wider. As you add more strips. 13.Origami Bonsai Accessories 12. but save the other piece of stocking as we will use it in other projects. 14.
Page 79 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Carefully put the ball and strips into the stocking foot. 17. we’ll fix that in a later step. Carefully remove the rubber band from inside the stocking. 16. Carefully press the wide area of your planter against the surface of the ball while at the same time bending the narrow area around the tip of the ball.Origami Bonsai Accessories 15. Don’t worry if your strips move around.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 18. twist it to tighten the stocking around the ball. Attach a clothespin to hold the tightened stocking in place. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 80 . 20. Gather the loose open end of the stocking foot in your hand and…… 19.
We don’t want our finished product to look like this. take a look at the overall shape of the planter. Use your fingers to push the Makigami strips into desirable positions. set aside the work to dry for a day or two. 21.Origami Bonsai Accessories The positions of the Makigami strips pictured here are typical after the stocking has been tightened. Page 81 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 22. If you’re satisfied. After you’ve pushed the strips into what seems like good alignment.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 82 . Paint the Makigami strips with a mixture of three parts wood glue and one part water. Inspect your work. don’t worry. It’s important that the Makigami strips stay attached to the ball. Notice that I’ve got some long gaps in what I’d like to be a solid surface toward the top of the photograph. as that’s where the nylon tends to get stuck. Be extra careful near the ends of the Makigami strips. Once the strips have dried. 24.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. If you have these gaps. 25. carefully remove the stocking. it will be easily fixed in a later step.
Please look at the next two pictures on the following page before attempting this step. Also gather two clothespins and two rubber bands. apply pressure to the ball with your thumbs around the planter. It is this end that will hold the planter together when we remove it from the ball.Origami Bonsai Accessories 26. roughly the thickness of heavy cream. Once your planter has dried you will need to mix some wood glue with a small amount of water. Page 83 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . You should hear the planter begin to come unstuck. release some air from it. To do this. If it is hard to press on the ball. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. Be careful not to apply pressure to the planter. 27. Paint an extra layer of the mixture on the narrow end of the planter. We want to remove the planter from the ball without causing it to fall apart. This extra amount of glue should ensure a successful removal.
releasing it from the ball. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 84 .Origami Bonsai Accessories Continue working your way around the planter. As the planter loosens there is a danger that it will fall. work on the curly area. so hold it close to your work surface. Once you’ve gotten the wide area released. Set aside the ball.
Some small gaps will remain. 28. You can squeeze your planter’s gaps together to help the rubber bands close the biggest gaps. 29. Don’t try to close all the gaps. but don’t squeeze too hard or you will collapse the planter. but they’ll be filled with glue and paint when you add a finish to your planter. Page 85 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories If your planter is like mine there will be long gaps between some of the Makigami strips. Paint the areas of the planter that were facing the ball with a generous amount of the wood glue and water mixture. so don’t worry about them. I’ll show you an easy way to eliminate these. Wrap the rubber bands around your work and then use the clothespins to tighten them.
Once your planter has dried. Draw an arc across the wide end of your planter. Remove the rubber bands and clothespins. Also gather a pencil and wire cutters.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is a view of the other side of the planter. You can’t see some small gaps I was unable to close. so I’m not worried about them. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 86 . plug in your hot glue gun. 30. 31. Allow your planter to dry for at least four hours. but they’ll be filled when I add a finish to the planter.
Transfer your arc line to the bottom of the planter so you’ll know where to cut on the other strips. Page 87 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Notice that the angled cutting blades are facing away from the planter in the picture. Cut the rest of the Makigami strips across the line you made in step 34. Cut the strips until you’re about half way across the wide edge of the planter. 34. as you don’t want the planter absorbing the force of your cut. 33.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. this is important. Use your wire cutters to cut off the tips of the Makigami stems following the arc you drew in step 31.
35. Insert the strip under the planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your planter should look similar to this. If you are going to use your planter for a wall‐mounted sculpture then you should paint it with a finish (see Chapter 4). Here is another view. If you’re planning to use it for a free‐standing sculpture you should complete the following steps. Use a Makigami strip from a previous work (Chapter 3) to stabilize your planter. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 88 . at a point where the planter becomes stable.
36. Page 89 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 37. Apply hot melt glue to the strip. Lift the planter. Then draw a dark line on the newspaper indicating the position of the Makigami strip you’re using to stabilize the planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is another picture showing how I use a Makigami strip to stabilize my planter. Put your planter on a piece of newspaper and trace a line representing the wide end of the planter onto the newspaper. leaving the stabilizing strip behind.
so I’m going to add a paper pebble (Advanced Origami Bonsai) to stabilize it. After I paint two coats of finish on my planter (here it’s faux oak which I’m going to follow with a coat of gray). This planter tended to wobble. Use the tracing you made in step 37 to help orient the planter onto the stabilizing Makigami strip. I’ve learned through experience to make my planters as stable as I possibly can. You can use a paper pebble. but before you paint the final coat of finish on it. refer back here to the following steps. Now refer to Chapter 4 to paint a finish on the planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories 38. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 90 . I always check to see how stable it is. or a small piece of Makigami. Your planter should look similar to this. Place your planter back on top of the strip.
Use a brush to apply some glue to both the pebble and the planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories 39. 40. Turn the planter over and apply glue around the pebble without moving it. Position the pebble where it will eliminate any wobble the planter might have. Page 91 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 41.
After I completed step 42 I discovered a little bit better spot. Here’s another view of my pebble. hence the excess glue. Set the planter back down and verify that the pebble is in the right spot. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 92 .Origami Bonsai Accessories 42. If it isn’t. go back to step 39. The glue will never be seen once I paint my planter with its final coat of finish. so I moved it.
I ended up with a putty colored planter. Page 93 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . which is not what I intended. Luckily I can repaint it with the faux oak finish (pictured below). Because of the number of coats of paint I lost some of the color complexity. however the mixture of white acrylic paint. wood glue and water was not dilute enough.Origami Bonsai Accessories I thought a white‐wash look would be best for this planter.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Some Examples of Fractal Wave Planters Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 94 .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 95 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 96 .
or some similar natural material. Notice the shallowness of the curve.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. but they are actually quite durable because we use highly tapered Makigami strips to make them. In free standing sculptures I add legs to the planter. They’re a little more work to make than the fractal wave planter. There is something about the natural curve. and how thin the edges appear to be. The planter is thick and strong in the middle. It creates a beautiful. Shallow Tapered Planters The shallow tapered planter will probably become one of your favorites. These planters look fragile. combined with the taper and the narrowness of the surface that make these planters look special. Page 97 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . but that’s not visible in the finished creation. They look like they were made from a piece of coconut shell. dramatic look. I use this type of planter for both free standing and wall mounted sculptures. but they have an elegant beauty. For wall mounted Origami Bonsai trees I attach the planter at an angle.
We start with four pages of newsprint folded in half. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 98 . Cut the half‐fold off. Once you’ve done this you should have eight strips of newsprint of the same width. If you’re confused. and then quarter folded.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. Separate your strips into pairs. Cut the newsprint in half. keeping in mind that we’ll be cutting off the half‐ fold. 3. 2. parallel to the half‐fold. Cut one pair at the quarter‐fold. look at the pictures that follow.
6. Page 99 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Cut a fourth pair ½ inch shorter than the third pair. Use the previous pair as a reference for cutting the next pair. Cut a third pair ½ inch shorter than the second pair. 5.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Cut the second pair approximately ½ inch shorter than the first pair.
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7. Cut a fifth pair ½ inch shorter than the fourth pair. 8. Cut a sixth pair ½ inch shorter than the fifth pair. 9. Cut a seventh pair ½ inch shorter than the sixth pair.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
10. Cut the eighth pair ½ inch shorter than the seventh. 11. Arrange your strips so the right and bottom edges are even with each other. Start the cut approximately one inch from the bottom edge, at an angle of approximately 45 degrees. Your strips should look like this. Page 101 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
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12. Next, align the left and bottom edges and cut the strips at a 45 degree angle starting about one inch from the bottom. You will notice that you’re shortening the smaller pairs. This is key to obtaining a taper on the edges of your planter. Your strips should look like this. 13. Wrap a long rubber band around a full‐sized American football, rugby ball, or other similarly shaped ball. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 102
Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. Gather the stocking as if you were going to put it on lengthwise. Inspect your spacing and adjust each strip so they look like the picture here. and shortest are on the outside. Arrange the strips such that the longest are in the middle. Start with the longest strips first. Roll your newsprint into dual‐tapered Makigami strips (see Chapter 2). Page 103 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . This will create one large piece of nylon. As you finish each strip insert it under the rubber band. and cut it. 15. 16. Cut the double‐thickness top and the foot off a nylon stocking.
19. Place the stocking on top of your Makigami strips. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 104 . Secure this side with tape. Tighten the stocking such that the Makigami strips make contact with the surface of the ball. Stretch the nylon stocking over one end of the ball and…. Notice that the ends of the Makigami strips have not yet been secured. 18. We are just securing the middle of the planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories 17. Tape the side of the stocking to the ball.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 20. Page 105 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . you can use tape to secure it. Align the Makigami strips so they are uniform. Do the same procedure with the other end of the nylon stocking. If you can’t tuck it underneath. with as few gaps as possible. Tuck it underneath the rubber band. Allow them to dry overnight. tuck it under the rubber band. If you can. 21. 22.
paint them with a mixture of wood glue and water that is approximately the thickness of heavy cream..and this. Your strips should look like this…… .. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 106 . After the strips have dried.. We paint the mixture through the stocking onto the assembly of strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23.
Your planter is delicate at this point. Be careful. 26. Pull the nylon in the opposite direction (from step 25) to free the other side of the assembly of strips. Pull the nylon stocking horizontally away from the ball to free one end of the assembly of Makigami strips. so you need to be careful. and watch for tiny threads of nylon that get caught on the tips of the Makigami strips. Page 107 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Very carefully remove the tape securing the nylon stocking to the ball.Origami Bonsai Accessories 24. 25.
Origami Bonsai Accessories These planters are extremely delicate at this stage of their construction. I seldom make one that doesn’t partially come apart when I remove the stocking. Make sure you remove any excess with a dry brush. 27. Hold the assembly together as you paint it. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 108 . Paint another coat of wood glue diluted with water to the thickness of heavy cream. Keep the assembly on the ball. We will reattach strips and fix the long gap you see in this picture in the following steps.
29.Origami Bonsai Accessories 28. You may need to release some of the air from the ball to create the gaps necessary between the ball and the assembly to free it. Squeeze any wide gaps together with your fingers. carefully apply pressure to the ball to release it. Once the assembly has dried. Inspect the assembly before you allow it to dry. It is only the basic assembly and wide gaps that we’re worried about. which I’ll fix in a step to follow. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. Page 109 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Notice that I still have narrow gaps. Your Makigami assembly should look like this.
” If this planter is for a wall sculpture. Make a mark both on a piece of paper underneath the assembly and small marks on the assembly itself. Apply some hot melt glue to one of the legs and attach it at the position you marked. cut some straight pieces of Makigami corresponding to the width of your planter to act as “legs. skip to step 34. 32. 31. Use a pencil to mark the position of each leg. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 110 . Do the same with the second leg. If you’re making a free‐standing sculpture.Origami Bonsai Accessories 30.
Page 111 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 33. Your planter should look like this. the ends of the legs are exactly two Makigami‐strips from the outer edge of the planter. In this picture. Once you have become comfortable with making planters you can apply the clamps with your first coat of finish (see Chapter 4). 34. Trim the legs if necessary. Close the smaller gaps by painting with a mixture of wood glue and water and then applying rubber band and clothespin clamps as we did in Chapter 5.
but I prefer this look. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 112 . followed by two coats of black (see Chapter 4) I have a beautiful faux walnut planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories After a coat of brown. I could have trimmed the tips of the Makigami strips at an angle to achieve a more rounded edge.
Page 113 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories Some Examples of Shallow Tapered Planters This sculpture “grows” from a planter that is mounted at an angle. Notice how this perspective reveals the complexity of the planter to the viewer.
It casts dramatic shadows when wall‐mounted and lit from below.Origami Bonsai Accessories This sculpture is both free standing and wall mountable. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 114 .
so indentations could not occur. Gretchen Anderson. and eventually break. but it lacked some of the characteristics necessary to be functional. but also an expert in glues and papers. Page 115 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . this new version of Makigami creates durable products that can be worn. These forces compressed. More importantly. In March of 2006 the Chinese government introduced a five percent tax on wooden chopsticks.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. and immediately tried making some. I could use my techniques to make something that looked and felt like a chopstick. When I read this. She suggested corn starch. and it worked! My Makigami chopsticks have yet to be mass‐produced. and then caused indentations in the Makigami. I turned to my cousin. In order to apply our techniques to these applications. and this new tax was aimed at curbing the use of disposable wooden chopsticks. She suggested that I needed a starch to act as a stiffener. I wondered if I could make Makigami chopsticks. I tried it. I needed something to act as a filler. or used daily. My early attempts were met with frustration and failure. stiffer Makigami rolling solution. but the invention is ready should the world need it. causing it to bend. of the Carnegie Institute. Useful Crescents We will now enter into applications where paper has never been before. She is a museum conservator and preservationist. it has never been used to make durable household items and jewelry. Chopsticks have long been a target of environmentalists. While paper has been used as a material for making plates. we need a new. I discovered that chopsticks are subject to large forces of compression between the fingers.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami crescents can be used for all sorts of things. 2. 1. one long center strip with three shorter strips. If I’m going to make a pair of these it I will need two of the longest strips and four of each of the shorter strips. bangle bracelets and a type of curtain tieback that I think is particularly good looking. each one shorter than the previous. Most of the crescents I’ve made are assemblies of seven Makigami strips. Bend or cut the twist tie to mark the circumference. I’ve made napkin rings. Use a long twist tie to measure the circumference of whatever you plan to make crescents fit around. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 116 . on either side. In this example I’ll be making a pair of crescents that will be used for curtain tiebacks. Cut newsprint into wide strips as we’ve done in previous chapters.
5. 4. Page 117 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I cut four more pieces of newsprint about a half inch shorter than the ones I cut in step 4. I cut two pieces of newsprint (one for each tie back) using the twist tie I made in step 1 as a measuring tool.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. I cut four pieces about a half‐inch shorter (one pair for each tie back).
7. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 118 . Cut the folded sheets on a diagonal. leaving a gap of about one half inch at the bottom. Fold the sheets you cut in step 6 in half. 8.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. I cut the last four sheets about one half inch shorter than the ones I cut in step 5.
Wrap your rubber bands around two tapered tumblers. 9. Page 119 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Fold in half and then cut the sheets you made in steps 3 through 5 in the same manner. You should have 14 sheets as shown here.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your sheets will look like this. 10.
.Origami Bonsai Accessories 11. Mix more durable Makigami rolling solution as follows: 32 parts Water 2 parts Wood Glue 2 parts Acrylic Paint – any color 1 part Corn Starch 12. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 120 Building Block 8: Fillers like corn starch result in more durable Makigami strips. Roll the newsprint into dual‐tapered Makigami strips and then insert them under rubber bands as shown.
Page 121 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . forcing the Makigami strips against the surface of the cup. Drape one of the pieces of stocking across the strips. 14. 15. Lay one of the cups on its side.Origami Bonsai Accessories 13. You can use the clothespin temporarily to stabilize the cup. Gather the ends of the stocking.
or until they do not feel cool to the touch. we’ll correct this when we assemble the crescents. Twist the ends of the stocking. This is unavoidable. Tighten the twist until you see all the Makigami strips conform to the curve of the cup. Notice that the ends of my strips curve slightly upwards.Origami Bonsai Accessories 16. Use the clothespin to keep the twist from unraveling. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 122 . Allow the crescents to dry overnight. Repeat steps 13 through 17 for any additional crescents you rolled strips for. and will make assembling them more difficult. but don’t worry. Try to straighten the ends of your strips as much as possible. 17.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Once your strips are dry you can assemble them. Remove the strips from the cups. You will need wood glue. and a small cup of water. I am making two crescents. a large brush. Page 123 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . so I have two long strips. 18. I assemble the crescent by starting with the longest strip. followed by three pairs of shorter strips. Sort them by length as shown in this picture. a small brush.
and test to confirm it is straight by placing it on a flat work surface and looking for gaps between the strip and the surface. shorter strip is slightly offset. Notice that the upper. Confirm the fit of the first member of your longest pair. The strip in the foreground of this picture is ready for assembly. 20. Apply a bead of wood glue to the edge of the strip with a small brush. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 124 . 21.Origami Bonsai Accessories 19. You will need to perform this procedure on every strip before adding it to the assembly. the strip in the background is not. Flatten the longest strip (by carefully bending it as shown in Chapter 2). This is key to both the beauty and the strength of the Makigami crescent.
Origami Bonsai Accessories
22. Dip your larger brush in a cup of water and then use it to remove any excess glue on the seam of the assembly. Don’t forget to do this on the inside of the assembly as well. 23. Add the second member of the longest pair to the other side of the longest strip. Notice that both shorter strips are slightly offset towards the inside of the crescent. 24. Attach the next pair of strips.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
25. Attach the last pair of strips. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. If you’re making a second crescent, assemble it following the same instructions. 26. I’m often tempted not to round the ends of my crescents, but that is a mistake. The Makigami tips will wear out very quickly if left uncut. Use a pencil to draw an arc on both sides of your crescent’s ends. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 126
Origami Bonsai Accessories
27. Cut along the line you made in step 26 to create a rounded end on both sides of your crescent. Make sure the angled blades face away from your crescent when you cut it. The ends of your crescents should look like this after being cut.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories Here are my tiebacks after they received three coats of finish (Chapter 4). I molded them on small tumblers. then black. The final color is quite complex. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 128 . and then a final coat of dark blue. Here is a set of Makigami crescents used as napkin rings. I first applied a coat of yellow finish.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 129 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Strips for the smaller planters on the following pages were molded on a six inch diameter mailing tube.Origami Bonsai Accessories Examples of Assemblies of Dual‐Tapered Makigami Strips The following pictures are some examples of sculptures I have made with dual‐tapered Makigami strips. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 130 . All of these planters were assembled in a manner similar to the crescents discussed in this chapter. Strips for the larger planters were molded on the large steel pot shown in Chapter 2.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 131 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 132 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 133 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 134 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 135 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 136 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 137 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 138 .
In order to remain undamaged. the Origami models inside the pendant must be protected. developing techniques for molding Makigami into usable shapes. Teardrop Makigami Pendants By adding corn starch to the Makigami rolling solution. One can easily mold this shape. along with firmer Makigami strips. I was trying to develop a Makigami assembly that would protect delicate Origami inside it. It is important to be on the lookout for breakthroughs in design.Origami Bonsai Accessories 8. This shape. Pendants are subject to forces that I cannot predict. Another shape I have developed is the teardrop pendant. Makigami is an interesting material that has tremendous potential for artists and crafters. That I developed this teardrop shape is no accident. the crescent. Page 139 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . provides that protection. was discussed in the previous chapter. consider other shapes that might be created. like that of a coat worn over the pendant. Now comes the hard part. and variants of it. on the tip of an American style football. I discovered a material tough enough to withstand the rigors of daily wear. As you complete the steps on the following pages. One of those shapes.
In this example I’m making a pendant out of eight strips of Makigami. Start by using a twist‐tie to measure the length of strips you need to create a pendant in the design you desire. Wrap the twist‐tie around the tip of a ball (in this case a smaller toy American football) mimicking the shape of the pendant you want to create. 3. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 140 . In this example I cut an arc rather than a straight line. Cut from the outer edge (right) starting about one half inch from the corner. Fold the strips in half. 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. Cut sufficient strips of newsprint to create your project using the twist tie to measure their length. to give my taper a little more variation in thickness.
roll your strips following the instructions in chapter 2 for dual‐taper strips. Page 141 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . The strips make the mold top‐heavy. so I put my mold into a plastic bowl to stabilize it.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your paper should look like this after you make the cut. 5. Wrap a rubber band around your mold (in my example a ball) to hold the strips. 4. Next.
checking for gaps. 7. Inspect your strips. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 142 . and adjust them accordingly. 8. Tuck them underneath the rubber band.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Bend the Makigami strips around the mold and then….. Allow the assembly to dry overnight.
Brush the assembly with a coat of the wood glue and water mixture. Dilute some wood glue with water to the thickness of heavy cream. This will ensure that the assembly comes off the mold in one piece. Page 143 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 11. Carefully remove the rubber band without removing the Makigami assembly. 10. Allow the assembly to dry on the ball for at least four hours.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. Make sure you apply an extra coat to the area where the strips overlap.
Trim the tips of the Makigami strips as desired. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 144 . Your pendant should look like this. If necessary. 13.Origami Bonsai Accessories 12. release some air from the ball. Carefully release the assembly by pushing on the ball.
I like to use a heavier duty glue to make this connection. The next step is to attach a necklace to the pendant. 14.” Page 145 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories I painted my pendant with two coats of a mixture of blue and black acrylic paint. I use rawhide which can be looped through the pendant and then tied around the wearer’s neck. In this case I’m using a product called “Gorilla Glue. wood glue and a small amount of water.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 15. Loop your strap around the end of the pendant. 16. 17. Note where the strap will make a good. Use a toothpick or leftover piece of Makigami as a tool to pick up the glue. In this example I will glue the strap horizontally on the underside of the pendant. strong connection with the pendant. Spread a bead of glue on the area where your strap will attach to the pendant. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 146 . Pour some glue onto a small scrap of paper.
Put the strap into position and then clamp as necessary with clothespins. Be careful not to allow the clothespins to contact the glue or they could become a permanent part of your work. I saved some of my paint so I could give all the glued areas a touch‐up coat as a last step.Origami Bonsai Accessories 18. Page 147 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . After the glue dries you can attach just about anything to the inside of the pendant.
Origami Bonsai Accessories The stocking technique can also be used for teardrop pendants. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 148 . Shown here are a group of Makigami strips drying. as well as the resultant pendant.
Origami Bonsai Accessories x Page 149 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 150 .
Makigami strips can be bent slightly to conform to a design. Page 151 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper. Building Block 2: All Makigami rolling solutions must contain at least one ingredient that acts as a lubricant.Origami Bonsai Accessories Quick Reference Guide Building Blocks Use these general rules for designing products made from Makigami. Building Block 3: Makigami strips will retain whatever shape they have been molded into. Make extra strips and don’t worry about mistakes! Building Block 7: Once dry. Building Block 8: Fillers like corn starch result in more durable Makigami strips. but you cannot make it longer after it has been cut. Building Block 5: You can cut a Makigami strip shorter. Building Block 6: Makigami is cheap and easy to recycle. Building Block 4: Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured.
The corn starch tends not to mix completely. Recipe 2. or handled roughly. Stronger Makigami 16 parts Water 1 part Wood Glue 1 part Acrylic Paint – any color The second recipe can be used to make any of the projects presented in this book. Before you begin any project you should consider whether it will require the durability of recipe 3. Strong and Durable Makigami 32 parts Water 2 part Wood Glue 2 part Acrylic Paint – any color 1 part Corn Starch This recipe is a little harder to use in the rolling process (it seems slippery).Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami Recipes Choosing the proper Makigami solution for a project is important. If your project isn’t going to be used daily. The rolling process is not as easy as the first recipe. While the third recipe creates a durable form of Makigami. but the resultant strips are quite durable. Recipe 3. it is also the most challenging to roll. so you should stir your container of Makigami rolling solution each time you dip your brush in it. and the finished product will not have the durability required for daily use. it is very easy to learn the rolling process with it. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 152 . choose recipe 2. try this one. Basic Makigami 16 parts Water 1 part Acrylic Paint (any color) This is the first recipe I developed which was described in my book “Advanced Origami Bonsai. If you’re having trouble learning to roll using the other recipes. Recipe 1.” While this recipe does not make the strongest Makigami strips.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami Rolling Videos Click this image to watch a video showing how to roll an un‐tapered Makigami strip. Page 153 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Click this image to watch a video that shows how to roll a tapered Makigami strip.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Click this picture to watch a video that shows how to roll a dual‐tapered Makigami strip. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 154 .
Page 155 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . The only difference between the machine I envision and a cigarette rolling machine is size. A piece of flexible material surrounded the two cylinders. and then allowed to cure in a large greenhouse. or some other material that would pick up and then saturate the newsprint with Makigami solution as it entered the machine. attached to molds. while simultaneously inserting a rolling paper. suspended in a vat of Makigami rolling solution would provide variable tension. the machine I’m thinking of will roll strips that are initially eight feet long. The flexible material I described above would be replaced by cloth. chopsticks and furniture.Origami Bonsai Accessories Theoretical Mass Production Technique As of this writing I have not resolved all the encumbrances to mass production of Makigami. however I believe it is important to share the technique I plan to pursue. I believe this type of configuration would be capable of producing extremely strong material. toothbrush handles. You opened the machine (see picture). I hope to use the same technique to mass produce long strips of Makigami for common consumer items like pens. placed tobacco into the pocket between the rollers and then closed it. which forced the rollers to turn. the long strips of Makigami would be cut to length. You then pushed on the flexible material. or stamped into shape. which is the inspiration for this technique. Many years ago I rolled my own cigarettes with a handy little rolling machine. A third roller. The rolling machine had two cylinders mounted in a bracket. Once rolled.