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Origami Bonsai Accessories
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010, Benjamin John Coleman, all rights reserved. This document is not to be reproduced in any way without the express written consent of Benjamin John Coleman. Origami Bonsai® is a registered trademark of Benjamin John Coleman, all rights reserved. I would like to thank Gretchen Anderson for helping me develop new Makigami rolling solutions as well as John and Annette Coleman for helping edit this book.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
1. Introduction 2. Makigami Charms and Little Things 3. Simple Planters 4. Faux Wood Finishes 5. Fractal Wave Planters 6. Shallow Tapered Planters 7. Useful Crescents 8. Teardrop Makigami Pendants Quick Reference Guide and Videos
Page 3 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Interestingly. These manmade materials have been extensively explored and we have developed many useful products from them. Paper has been used to make everything from clothing to armor. Plastic is waterproof. hemp and other plant matter. But far worse is what happens to plastic that doesn’t make it to the landfill. at the same time we are very aware that the plastic disposable razor we used this morning will persist more than 450 years in the landfill where it was disposed. metals. In the South Pacific islands it is not uncommon to find birds that have starved to death. Paper was invented by the Chinese but was very different from the paper we commonly encounter today. Dominance of Plastics The eye of innovation was drawn away from paper when plastic was invented in 1862. each one with a compacted ball of plastic in its center. but also as the primary component of various inventions.000 BCE. Our society clings to plastic in an uncomfortable embrace. This slaw was then poured into molds and allowed to dry. Paper gets its strength from these individual fibers which become entangled in a chaotic pattern within the material.000 BCE. It is an inexpensive material that affords us the luxury of making “disposable” and “one‐time‐use” products. more durable and capable of making things that had been previously reserved to ceramics and glass. Plastic has unique properties that made it a suitable replacement for common items that previously had been made from metals and ceramics. Paper was largely forgotten and became associated solely with the publication of documents and production of cardboard. plastics and papers.000 BCE. Paper has become one of the most versatile materials made by man. Early recipes for paper included the use of bark. We quickly developed molding techniques that make plastic our most versatile resource for mass production. metals in 6. Ceramics were first created in about 29. glass in 3. glass. Their bones lay in little heaps along beautiful beaches. skeletal frames. paper innovations had come to a virtual standstill by 1900. but on a microscopic scale. Sadly. Plastic shopping bags fly like flags from trees. their bellies filled with so much plastic that there is no room for food. the ball of plastic will endure and the bones will not. The plant matter was broken down to individual fibers creating paper pulp which resembles coleslaw. However. and the oceans of our planet are full of the stuff. and plastic in 1862. Throughout our history paper appears not just as a medium for documentation. Animals mistake plastic for food. Introduction Evolution of Man Made Materials The most commonly known man made materials are ceramics.Origami Bonsai Accessories I. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 4 . Plastic has become common in the environment. paper in 105 AD.
The molding process for Makigami is very different from that of plastics. no one ever saturated paper with a liquid and rolled it. Once dry the rolled Makigami pieces retain their shape. and perhaps your creation will result in widening the appeal of Makigami. not rolled). Plastics are poured into molds. The process for making Makigami is simple. and perhaps the solution is Makigami. they know how to make virtually anything from them. I wanted them to consider using my material for products like toothbrushes. I did a significant amount of research. My inquiries went unanswered. how a Makigami product was created is usually not apparent. no one took the next step.Origami Bonsai Accessories It could be argued that this rise in the use of plastic as the primary material for manufacture resulted in a much higher standard of living. as well as universities like MIT. chopsticks. I contacted major companies like Bic. Revisiting an Old Material During the 1. but also included are instructions for making more useful and common items. Gillette. This is the fundamental difference between Makigami molding and plastic molding. and others. making those sticks thicker. paper is cut into strips and then saturated in a special solution. In this book I have included descriptions of how to make fine. Manufacturers have been working with plastics for years. Makigami literally means “roll‐paper” in Japanese and was invented by Benjamin John Coleman in 2009. and have invested billions of dollars in infrastructure to support their development. They have no interest in pursuing a material that will cost them millions in development efforts. Makigami molding requires significantly more thought. it is rolled and then attached to molds and allowed to dry. Makigami uses cylindrical and other objects as guides. with examples that include cotton swabs and lollipop sticks (which are actually twisted paper. or revolutionary eco‐friendly consumer products. whether that is in the form of beautiful creations. for some reason. The question is: is there another way we can maintain our standard of living and protect the environment at the same time? Perhaps there is. and all disposable consumer products. My Intention in Publishing this Book After inventing Makigami I immediately considered patenting the material. and could not find any references to the rolling of paper by this method. While these guides may reflect the final shape of the finished product. Certainly there were attempts at something similar. After great consideration I realized I neither had the funds nor the desire to control this new eco‐friendly material. But until now. artistic creations. Universities Page 5 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .800 years that paper was a primary material for the production of goods. and achieving a resultant product that is surprisingly similar to wood. As you complete the projects in this book you should think about other possible projects. There is much to discover in this new craft. It could also be argued that plastic led to modern economies that are based on consumption. adding a few ingredients to the saturating solution. My intention is to open your mind and unleash your creativity.
Acrylic Paint: You will need large containers of white. red. Newspaper: Virtually any newspaper will work. specialty materials and have little interest in researching a simple material like Makigami designed for widespread use. These colors will be mixed to create green and various other shades. My hope is that people involved in the development of plastic products find it. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 6 . black. and use it to create a new generation of easily recyclable consumer products. Sheets on the outside of sections will be of a heavier grade than sheets on the inside. We use wire cutters to trim our creations prior to painting them. there are some newspapers that vary the weight of their paper. These will be used to saturate the newspaper prior to rolling. Cornstarch: Any brand of dry cornstarch will be fine. Try to use the same weight of paper in each project. These building blocks are highlighted like theorems of a mathematics textbook. allowing future generations to create virtually anything they need from paper. Hot Melt Glue Gun and Glue Sticks: You’ll need a standard hot melt glue gun and a bunch of glue sticks. And just like mathematical theorems. Paint Brush: Purchase a paint brush that is about one inch wide. I believe that recycling efforts will intensify. Buy a large container of it. You will not need a lot of it. Our planet faces environmental challenges that threaten the existence of all species. In the coming years perhaps this will change. You will find “building blocks” in each chapter. Be advised.Origami Bonsai Accessories like MIT are busy developing much stronger. Trays: You will need two cookie sheets that have less than a one inch lip. and that materials like paper. This becomes quite frustrating during the rolling process. which has a carbon‐negative footprint and can be repeatedly recycled. This means that some newspapers will require that you regroup the differently weighted pages. This book has been written as a basic manual for building virtually anything from paper. they can be combined. What you Will Need: Wood Glue: I use a waterproof wood glue. We use these to attach Makigami strips to oddly shaped molds. Wire Cutters: Makigami is too strong for scissors. blue and yellow acrylic paints. will be rediscovered. Do not try to use deep cookie sheets (with a taller lip) as this will interfere with the rolling process. Nylon Stockings: You should buy a few pairs of nylon stockings.
For the purposes of this book. Page 7 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . and some tumblers (glasses). The half‐fold folds the sheet in half. Definition of Terms for Newsprint In order to properly convey instructions. an American football. it is important that I define a piece of newsprint. one sheet of newsprint shall be defined as one double‐sided sheet of paper which corresponds to four pages of a newspaper. Each sheet of newsprint has two folds. These items will not be damaged during the molding process and can be returned to their normal uses after the Makigami dries. Half‐pages of newsprint will not be used in this work.Origami Bonsai Accessories Molds: Many household items can be used as molds for Makigami. folds the sheet into quarters. and the quarter fold. which is performed after the half fold. a large deep cooking pan. The molds we will use in this book include: a closet clothes hanger bar.
You will learn rolling techniques for each type of taper as they are used later in this book.Origami Bonsai Accessories Different Types of Taper One of the most powerful aspects of the Makigami art form is the ability to create various types of taper. You will learn that tapers have different applications which can add tremendous visual impact to your creations. Repeated rolling. Each picture shows a cut piece of newsprint and the corresponding Makigami shape it produces. with the exception of double‐ended taper and bulging taper. so you might want to bookmark or fold down the corner of this page so you can refer back to it. Below are the basic types of tapers I will use in this book. Narrow Constant Taper Makigami strips with narrow constant taper mimic the stems of vines and some fast‐growing trees. Each taper has a corresponding technique for rolling. Different types of taper are defined below. Most of the taper types below can be made thicker by adding additional sheets of newsprint cut to the same size and shape. You will find that double‐ended tapered Makigami strips tend to rip in half during the rolling process. No Taper Taper‐less strips have many applications and are the easiest to make. while applying extra pressure. additional sheets tend to ripple on the edges of the bulge. Bulging tapered strips have a slightly different problem. These shallow tapered stems are useful for making trees and various accessories. allows thicker bulging strips to be rolled successfully. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 8 .
Only recently developed. I’ve found this taper to be useful for coiling Makigami discs like the ones I use for mushroom caps. Exponential Decay Taper This type of taper starts out thick. but they could also be used to make paper buttons. but quickly becomes narrow.Origami Bonsai Accessories Thick Constant Taper This is the type of taper you find among slow‐growing trees. This shape is useful for all types of Makigami projects. The strip shown was made using several sheets of newsprint cut into the same shape. and stays narrow for a long time. I have just begun to think about applications for bulging taper Makigami strips. Double‐Ended Taper This double‐ended taper shape is useful for creating Makigami bowls and other types of sculpture. Bulging Taper Strips with bulging taper can be used for mushroom stems. It’s a bit harder to roll. I suspect they will be useful in the creation of bonsai planters that transition from narrow to wide and then narrow again. Page 9 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . so pay special attention to the rolling technique.
.Origami Bonsai Accessories Fiber Orientation within Different Papers Papers like newsprint are most commonly made from trees. The paper was composed of extremely long fibers (I believe it was cotton). It is virtually impossible to roll this paper in the direction of the fibers. I should have cut a small piece and tested its rolling properties before I started the project. I decided to make some Makigami strips from the paper and learned a lot in the process. A close‐up (left) reveals the fibers which flow horizontally across the paper. instead it must be rolled perpendicular to the longest fibers. but I didn’t. and I could see smaller fibers perpendicular to the longer fibers. Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper. Recently a friend of mine traveled to India where he stumbled upon some odd paper and bought it for me. and looked more like cloth than paper. I assumed the paper would roll more easily by rolling against the long fibers. however there are other papers made from different plants. The long fibers were mostly parallel (aligned in the same direction). Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 10 . The paper was almost transparent. as shown by the arrow. I was wrong and wasted a large amount of it (pictured above).
After being unable to roll the sheets pictured on the previous page. the strips above are far more flexible than I am used to. the purple paper became a soft. In thicker areas.Origami Bonsai Accessories This actually makes sense when you consider the finished strip. and observe how it tears. however there might be a different use for them. but based on my experience I do not recommend using long fiber papers for Makigami. The rolling rule. Note the direction of the clean tear. I wish I had more of this paper to experiment with. When mixed with the yellow liquid. I used a yellow Makigami solution. and then roll perpendicular to it. Also. brown color. The resulting Makigami strips are pictured on the next page. We can easily test the newsprint to determine the proper rolling direction by tearing a piece of it. The blue paper became an interesting shade of green. the individual layers of paper separated. “roll perpendicular to the longest fibers. The properties of this paper were very different from newsprint. A jagged tear is an indication that you’re tearing against the fibers.” holds true for newsprint even though we can’t see the individual fibers. Tear a piece of newsprint. either horizontally or vertically. I do not think they would make good branches or planters. a clean tear suggests you’re tearing parallel to the fibers. the individual fibers become tightly packed and run from the narrow tip of the strip all the way to the other end. Using this paper. I cut the sheets keeping in mind that I would be rolling them perpendicular to the longest fibers. I re‐cut my remaining pieces of the Indian paper. Page 11 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is some long tapered Makigami “grass” I made from long fiber paper Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 12 .
You will also learn to make badges. so they won’t persist in the environment for hundreds of years. because they attach like paperclips. You will learn to use this material to make charms with interesting patterns inside. Makigami Charms and Little Things My early days with Makigami were filled with frustration. they don’t damage clothing. Badges are useful items. Badges are an excellent example of an application where Makigami can replace metal and plastic. I soon realized that I was not working with plastic. as this is the material most useful for branchlets upon which I attach leaves. campaigns. They can be used as prizes for competitions.Origami Bonsai Accessories 2. and they’re eco‐friendly. I tried to mold tight 180 degree turns and complex shapes. My early experiments with the material were attempts at forcing it to do things it could not. changing my ideas so that they fit its capabilities. This is the best way to teach its manufacture. Page 13 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . These charms are durable enough that they can be worn. not my will. In this chapter I revisit the un‐tapered version of the material that I used in the early days. and that I had to learn to work with the material. but highlighted with glimmers of hope. or to make statements or express feelings. I use un‐tapered Makigami in virtually every project I create. I believe Makigami badges are superior to plastic and metal badges.
Your sheet will look like this once you’ve made the cuts. This helps keep both sheets of paper aligned while I make the cuts. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 14 . 2. all printed on one sheet of paper. 1. 3. The larger pieces should be approximately equal in size and will be made up of two plies of paper. you should never use previously folded areas of newsprint. Use a pair of scissors to make two cuts parallel to the fold approximately ¼ inch away from it. The folded center piece can be put in your recycling bin. Notice that I am cutting while holding the half‐fold. As a general rule. I’m holding the fold in my left hand.Origami Bonsai Accessories Making Makigami Charms We start with one full sheet of newsprint. so I’ll be creating two. folded in half. four inch wide pieces of paper. Rotate and cut one of the sheets approximately four inches from its outer edge. so the first step is to remove the quarter‐fold from the middle of the sheet. One full sheet of newsprint corresponds to four numbered pages from a newspaper.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. You will now have eight almost identical pieces of paper. This will be sufficient to complete both projects presented on the pages that follow. Page 15 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . This allows you to accurately cut two more strips that are the same size as the previous ones. 5. Hold the remaining (from step 2) piece of paper over the strips you already cut. 6. Cut the remaining sheet from step 1 in the same manner. Cut four of the strips from step 5 above in half lengthwise. 7. You will now have four wide and eight narrow strips of paper.
and how to avoid them. to do it. What is important is that you develop a feel for the material and begin to identify successfully rolled strips. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 16 . This means that you should not use warm water in your solution unless you plan to allow it to cool prior to using it. The final consistency should be similar to un‐ whipped cream. paintbrush. the solution squeezes out of the pulp in the paper. but we use various physical properties. For this chapter’s projects the quality of your rolling is not important. the paper has to slide over itself for the process to work. Basic Makigami Recipe Building Block 2: 16 Parts Water All Makigami rolling 1 Part Wood Glue solutions must contain at 1 Part Acrylic Paint – any color least one ingredient that In a clean jar combine the ingredients and mix with a acts as a lubricant. Advanced Origami Bonsai. If you understand how the process works you’ll have an easier time mastering it. between 60°F and 80°F. I prefer this newer recipe. During each step of the rolling process I will list problems that may occur. not just for making projects in this book. Makigami gains its strength from layers of paper that are tightly rolled around each other. As we roll the wet newsprint. As we continue to roll the paper strip. along with light force from our hands. Makigami is temperature sensitive and must be at room temperature. their source. In general this solution produces Makigami strips that have two to four times the tensile strength of those using the original recipe. this internal sliding causes the strip to become narrower and more densely packed with layers of paper. but also for making branches for Origami Bonsai trees. It is extremely important that you become able to identify the difference between a successfully rolled Makigami strip and a defective one. This forms a slippery layer within the Makigami strip that allows the paper inside the rolled strip to slide. you should note that this recipe produces a thicker Makigami solution. This is a friction‐abundant environment. Basically. If you have been using the Makigami recipe from my second book. Initially this seems impossible.Origami Bonsai Accessories Introduction to Makigami Now I will introduce you to the first Makigami rolling solution presented in this book. we saturate a piece of newsprint with a special solution.
1. spreading as above. You’ll need to flip your paper to ensure it gets completely saturated. Spread a coat of Makigami solution on your tray with a soft brush. I also recommend putting on latex gloves. To do this.Origami Bonsai Accessories How to Roll Makigami Strips You will need a one inch wide paintbrush. Put one of the larger pieces of newsprint on top of the solution you spread in step 1 and then add more solution. but less paint builds up on them and they allow you a little better grip when rolling. use the bristles of your paintbrush to lift the paper off the tray. Page 17 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . to completely saturate the paper. 3. Latex gloves not only keep the paint off your hands. 2. We start with the larger pieces of paper.
With only light pressure. Curl it so it forms a tube across the bottom. Use your brush to lift the bottom. After flipping.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. 7. Make sure there are no air bubbles under the fold. Then use your brush to flatten the fold. 5. add a little more solution and use your brush to remove any air bubbles trapped under the paper. 6. slowly roll the paper up onto itself. You will end up with a loosely wrapped tube. folded edge. Use your brush to lift the bottom edge of paper off the pan and then fold it up. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 18 . Visually inspect your sheet to confirm that it is completely saturated with solution.
After a few repetitions of rolling. in the same direction. Roll the rest of your bigger sheets following the same procedure. roll the tube to the end of the pan. apply more pressure. Page 19 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Long Strokes . 9. As the tube narrows. you will notice that the tube becomes narrower. Roll the Makigami strip a few more times to get as much moisture out of it as possible. and then roll it again. You’re done rolling when the top edge of paper is no longer visible. apply more pressure. It will become a solid strip. This will reduce drying time. 11. Once the strip is rolled as tight as it will get. pick it up. Applying light pressure.Origami Bonsai Accessories 8. 10.
the more challenging they are to roll. 2. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 20 Long Strokes . 4. 1. 3. 5. 6. You will eventually develop this skill to the point where you can roll strips that have the same thickness as angel hair pasta.Origami Bonsai Accessories Now roll the smaller pieces of paper into narrower strips in the same manner. The narrower the strips of paper.
you hang clothes hangers on it. 1. In this example I use two such objects. If you roll the thinnest strips first they might become too dry before they are attached to the molds.Origami Bonsai Accessories Molding Makigami Strips We started the rolling process with strips that would become the thickest for a reason: they take longer to dry. You should always begin this way. The larger is a tube you will find in almost every closet in your home. 2. You will need to find some long. cylindrical objects around your house. Building Block 3: Makigami strips will retain whatever shape they have been molded into. closely parallel to itself. Now we’ll use masking tape to attach the strips to molds. Page 21 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . The narrower cylinder is a ¼ inch dowel I bought at my local hardware store. Use masking tape to attach one end of a thicker strip to the clothes hanger tube. Wrap the strip tightly around the tube.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 22 . 4.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Wrap the strips around the dowel maintaining the distance between previous wraps. and then across the Makigami strip to secure the other end. 5. as shown. Tear some of your masking tape in half for the narrower strips. It will end up looking a bit like a barber’s pole. Attach several of them to the narrower cylinder (the ¼ inch dowel I mentioned before) at an angle. Repeat this process for any other thick strips you may have rolled. Attach a piece of masking tape to the tube.
5. We will want some straight. narrow. Makigami strips. so put some of them on a flat surface and allow them to dry.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Page 23 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Tape the other end(s) to the dowel and allow to dry.
You shouldn’t use your oven either. any paper that didn’t adhere properly to the strip can be trimmed off. Using an oven to dry Makigami turns an environmentally friendly art form into a global warming mess. you’ll never get the smoky smell out of it. put the strips in my truck. Never attempt to dry Makigami in a microwave oven. attached to their molds. I roll my Makigami in the early morning. about four hours for the narrower ones. Even if you set your oven to “warm. Drying time will be greatly reduced using this method. It wastes a tremendous amount of energy and is hazardous. These small pieces of metal will cause your strips to catch fire in a microwave. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 24 . Within this recycled content there are often flakes of foil or metal from staples that got recycled along with the paper. and they’re usually dry by early afternoon. If you wish to reduce the drying time you can park your car in the sun and move your Makigami strips. and allow your strips to dry inside your home. I try to time my Makigami projects to correspond with sunny days. Paper burns at 451 degrees Fahrenheit (233 degrees C). We use newsprint. I consider my truck a “solar oven” for curing my Makigami. from newspapers. Once dry.” you may have a disaster on your hands. into direct sunlight inside the car.Origami Bonsai Accessories Drying Makigami Strips It is best to be patient. This includes strips that are as thick as one inch in diameter. which contain recycled paper. depending on the temperature and humidity of your home. It will take approximately 12 hours for the thicker strips to dry. but it smolders at a much lower temperature. If your Makigami smolders.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Removing Strips When Dry Most strips are easy to remove. The thicker strips we made for the outer ring of charms are harder to remove. so here’s how it’s done: 1. 2. Tear inner piece of masking tape at overlap. Page 25 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Slide ring off cylinder. simply pull off the masking tape and slide the strips off. Remove outer piece of masking tape. 3.
use wire cutters to cut the strips approximately 1/8th inch from the end. Because the quality of the Makigami strip tends to vary at its ends. Each thicker Makigami strip can be cut into two loops to make two charms.Origami Bonsai Accessories In order to make charms we need a circular loop. 1. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 26 . and simultaneously the adjacent tier to create a circle (see next image). Cut this. 2. Cut a second circle from the remaining. Now you will have one Makigami circle and one with overlap. overlapped piece. 3.
the strip was molded. to the right. We need to bend the Makigami strips to be perfect circles. 1. There are many shapes and patterns that can be made in this manner. Bend the strip roughly three times as far to the left as it is molded to the right. In this example. Page 27 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . You’ll need your glue gun and a glue dish if you’ve got one.Origami Bonsai Accessories Assembling Makigami Charms I will now show you how to construct a rudimentary charm from the Makigami strips you have created. you should allow your creativity to flow. 2. Even though I illustrate how to create a very simple peace symbol. and therefore naturally bends.
5. Close the strip and apply a small amount of pressure as the hot melt glue sets. the strip should naturally center.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. After bending. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 28 . Building Block 4: Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. 4. Open the strip and apply a small amount of hot melt glue to the end.
Repeat. starting from step one. Smooth the glued connection with the hot tip of your glue gun. Page 29 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Now we’ll make a small loop at the top of the circle which allows it to hang from a string or necklace. Now cut the other end of the semi‐circle. 2. 1. We use the narrower Makigami strip that was looped repeatedly around the ¼ inch dowel. Do this by looking down the strip so you can see the curl. Cut a semi‐circle out of the strip. for as many circles as you may have. thinking about the curve of the circle you made in the previous section. again considering the curve of the circle you’re going to attach it to. Make the first cut so it will attach smoothly to the circle.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6.
5. Dip the ends of the semi‐circle in hot melt glue. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 30 . Attach the semi‐circle to the circle on either side of the previously glued connection. Bend the semicircle……. So it fits properly on the Makigami circle you’ve already created. You may need to trim the semi‐circle a bit to get a good fit.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. 6. 4.
and four shorter ones to form a peace sign.” This means we’ll need one long and two short. Page 31 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . We use the straight. A peace sign is fundamentally an upside down “Y. 2. Repeat from step 1 for any additional circles you may have. straight pieces of Makigami. Use wire cutters to cut longer pieces of the straight and narrow Makigami strip. Simple Internal Assemblies for Charms We’re going to mount a peace sign inside our charm. Cut two longer pieces.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. Use the hot tip of your glue gun to make the connections smooth. narrow Makigami strips for this. 1.
Trim the long strip first. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Building Block 5: You can cut a Makigami strip shorter. Think about how the upside down “Y” will be centered within the circle. you can always shorten more after a cut. 4.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. but you can’t re‐lengthen a Makigami strip. Page 32 . Remember. Glue a second short strip to form a “Y. Glue one short strip to one long strip at an angle.” 5. but you cannot make it longer after it has been cut.
better “Y. Page 33 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. 8. Remember. If you make a mistake it’s easy to create a new. Make extra strips and don’t worry about mistakes! 7. you have a lot more of the straight Makigami strip to work with. Now trim the shorter strips so they fit inside the circle.” Building Block 6: Makigami is cheap and easy to recycle. Dip the tips of the two shorter pieces of the peace sign in glue and……. and a lot more glue. Make sure your upside down “Y” fits within the circle.
Use the hot tip of your glue gun to make all glued connections smooth. 11. 10. then move to another. Be careful not to heat the glue too hot. attach them to the inside of the circle. resulting in your assembly falling apart. Glue the remaining end to the inside of the circle. Repeat these steps for as many peace signs you intend to make.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. 12. and then return to the first to allow cooling in between. Smooth one side of one connection. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 34 .
Origami Bonsai Accessories 13. Notice the odd. when the first coat is dry you can add a second. In this example I’m using red and blue so I’ll end up with purple peace signs. 14. simultaneously smooth and rough looking material. I painted my charms with a final coat of pink which resulted in this funky. thinner coat of a different color. peace‐sign color. Paper will stick to the glue/acrylic paint mixture and ruin the finish. Mix some acrylic paint and wood glue. This look is unique to Makigami. If you wish. Drying your charms on aluminum foil will avoid problems that arise on other surfaces. Paint your peace signs with a generous coat of the mixture. Page 35 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 15.
or twist a group of bread ties together. they will biodegrade in less than three months. and will be for another 450 years. and to communicate virtually anything you can think of in an environmentally friendly way. and they’re not just for campaigns. so the wider the tube the larger the button. Wrap it around your tube allowing it to overlap itself by about two inches. as trophies for contests. Measure the circumference of the tube upon which you plan to mold your buttons. Because they clip on to clothing. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 36 . If exposed to the elements. In this section I illustrate how to make buttons. All these buttons have one thing in common ‐ the vast majority ended up in landfills. more recent buttons combine metal and plastic. they’re all still there. they won’t damage what they’re attached to. a narrow ring. These buttons are easy to make and useful. Initially made from metal. In this example I use the same clothing hanger tube I used in the previous one. nor will they draw blood like the pins on old‐style buttons. A little ingenuity along with an eco‐friendly material results in a solution to an environmental problem ‐ without sacrificing utility. Because metal and plastic degrade slowly. The finished button will be a little bit larger than the diameter of the tube you use. They can be used to acknowledge achievements. like a paper clip. and a circle of printed paper. or use a piece of string. Use a long twist tie. Bend the twist tie at the two inch overlap point as a marker. This is a good example the versatility of Makigami. This is the length of Makigami we need to make each button. 1.Origami Bonsai Accessories Making Clip‐on Buttons Over the years we’ve had thousands of elections for which millions of campaign buttons were made. 2. that can be recycled in your paper recycling bin. like campaign buttons. These are three part buttons which consist of a clip ring.
Cut the fold off the half it’s attached to. Page 37 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Use the twist tie you made in step 2 to cut the newsprint to the proper length. starting the diagonal cut approximately one inch from the bottom edge and cutting all the way to the fold. See step 7 (after the cut) if this seems confusing.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Each piece represents one button. Fold them in half and cut them diagonally. 5. You should now have a stack of newsprint pieces that are the correct length. Cut a sheet of newsprint in half in the long direction. 4. 6.
Your newsprint pieces should look like this. 8.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. This will be enough material to make four buttons. Roll half as many of these as you roll double‐tapered strips. Roll all your strips. 9. Also cut some narrow strips (2 inches wide). Double‐tapered strips like the ones we made in steps 1 through 7 require a different movement when rolling. 10. short pushes of your fingertips rather than long ones. Use smaller. like the ones used in the previous project. Long pushes will result in the strip tearing at its thickest point. I rolled four double‐tapered strips and two long narrow ones. Short Strokes Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 38 .
Page 39 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Attach the strips to the same mold you used to measure.Origami Bonsai Accessories 11.
remove your Makigami strips from the mold. Once dry. but luckily building block four says “Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. It’s hard to see here. because we’re securing them within the button. 2. Cut the narrow rings so they fit around the clip‐on rings with about 1/32 of an inch to spare. This will leave a gap between the clip‐on ring and the narrow ring that we’ll need. 1. web photos. If you used a clothes hanger rod to mold your strips you’ll get two narrow rings of the correct diameter from each one. or create your own designs in graphic programs. In a perfect world we would have had a second tube of slightly greater diameter than the clothes hanger rod we’re using. Here are four button designs I’m going to use in this section.Origami Bonsai Accessories The fun part of making buttons is deciding what to put on them. Cut your designs into circles that are about an inch greater in diameter than your clip‐rings. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 40 . and bend them into circles.” This means that we can cut our rings slightly larger. We need a lot of extra space so glue won’t end up on the face of our buttons. You can make buttons from magazines. Finding a tube of this diameter would be a challenge. but I’m cutting the narrow ring about 1/8th of an inch too long.
You also need a small paintbrush with short bristles. Bend the narrow ring so that it forms as perfect a circle as possible. 4. If the glue gets spread beyond the edge it might end up on the face of the button. Use a glossy magazine to protect your work surface. Spread the mixture on your button circle. We want the outer margin of the circle to become damp. Mix wood glue with a small amount of water in a cup. Page 41 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . It should be fairly thick mixture. 5. 3. but try not to spread the glue over the edge.Origami Bonsai Accessories This picture shows the desired gap between the narrow ring and the clip‐on ring.
Insert the clip‐on ring into the middle. It is important to seat the clip‐on ring properly. When you insert the clip‐on ring you should consider where the top of the pin will end up when someone is going to wear it. 7. You want to press and compact the paper into the inner edge of the narrow ring. 8. Press down hard with your paintbrush along the inner edge of the narrow ring. 6.Origami Bonsai Accessories The narrow ring is held flat against the work surface for steps 6 and 7. Use your fingers to secure the narrow ring while you do this. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 42 . Lift and fold in this manner for the entire circumference of the circle. Pinch it into place being sure to support the front of the button with your index fingers. paper sun catchers (circles of stained glass) can be made in the same manner but with larger rings. As you gain more experience you can make buttons specifically designed to attach to collars versus lapels. This technique has many applications beyond making buttons. but if you push too hard without supporting the other side you will tear the paper. Use your paintbrush to lift the outer edge and fold it along the narrow ring towards the center of the button. For example.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 43 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. I make a large number of strips. I have used this technique in many of my works. This method for making planters is particularly useful when you plan to make more than one planter of the same design. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 44 . assembling them can be a challenge. Simple Planters We will now use some of the skills we learned in the previous chapter to make planters. It is easy to make a large number of identical planters using this technique. While the process for making and molding the Makigami strips is simple. cut them down to standard sizes. and then assemble them into tiny planters upon which Origami Bonsai chess pieces will be mounted. Un‐tapered strips of Makigami will be molded and assembled into basic. I use this type of planter when I make chess sets. but beautiful planters.
Put the fold in your recycling bin. 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. so I hold the fold in my left hand while looking at the sheets I just cut. Page 45 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I want all the sheets to have the same width. This tells me where to cut the fold off. but can’t because I don’t want to use the fold (in my left hand in the picture). Start with two pages of newsprint folded in half. so I’ll make my first cut slightly further than in half because I’m going to cut the fold off in the next step. Combine the sheets. 3. Cut the quarter‐fold out of the sheets as shown here. I would like to cut the sheets in half.
but you may want to make them even longer. Each piece of tape needs to be at least six inches long. and one inch wider than the combined width of your strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. The longer your piece of tape. Roll the strips according to the instructions on page 16. You will also need a piece of cloth. The remaining folds can be put in the recycling bin. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 46 . Find a large. I now have 16 sheets for making Makigami strips. As the strips dry there is a tendency for the tape to detach. cut approximately one inch longer than your strips. 5. so I’ll allow them to dry straight. Two of the strips will be used on the bottoms of the planters. wide pot to use as a mold. I will mold 14 of the strips. They should be attached approximately one quarter inch from the edges. we can compensate when we do the assembling. Attach four pieces of masking tape to the cloth. the less likely it is to come unstuck. But even if it does come loose and your strips don’t mold evenly. 6.
and then pressing the tape against the mold. Place the cloth with tape on it on top of the strips. 8. Carefully run your hands over the cloth. Arrange your strips evenly and balance them on top of the mold. Make sure the tape is secure before proceeding to the next step. Page 47 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . pressing the strips against the mold.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. 9.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 10. Add another long piece of tape to the loose area. 11. Add a piece of tape to the other side just as you did in step 11. Your cloth will develop a loose area between the two pieces of tape. and then tighten it as you stick it to the mold. one at a time. and pulling on the free end while simultaneously pressing on the tape which is attached to the cloth. 12. Attach it to the cloth first. Tighten the pieces of tape by lifting them up. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 48 .
in a hot sunny car to dry. To reduce drying time you can put your strips. we can compensate for any difference in molding when we do the assembly. Page 49 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 13. They should be dry in an hour or two. Don’t worry if the tape comes unstuck. And the left side.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here’s a picture of the right side of my mold. attached to the mold.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. so you should cut approximately 1/8th inch off both ends of each strip Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 50 . remove it. 16. Inspect your strips to confirm they are dry. When the cloth feels dry. They should feel slightly warm to the touch. 15. If they feel cold then moisture is still evaporating from them and they should be left in a sunny location to dry completely. The tips of Makigami strips tend not to roll properly. Warning: Makigami strips that are cold to the touch while assembled will warp after assembly.
. It is mounted in a planter similar to those we make in this chapter. Page 51 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I call the sculpture pictured at the right “Sole Survivor” because it looks windswept and has only one flower.Origami Bonsai Accessories 17. Cut each Makigami strip in half. You can use a previously cut strip as a guide for cutting the other strips.
2. Makigami strips can be bent slightly to conform to a design. You must perform this step with each Makigami strip as your assembly progresses. This is common. Compare the curves of two of your cut Makigami strips. When you feel the strip begin to bend immediately reduce your pressure on it. . The difference between bending a strip and breaking one is only slight. and can be resolved by carefully bending the less‐curved strip to match the more‐curved strip.Origami Bonsai Accessories Assembly of a Flat‐Curved Planter 1. You may notice that their curves differ slightly. Use your fingers to gently bend the strip slightly in the direction you need. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 52 Building Block 7: Once dry.
5. 4. Page 53 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . return to step one.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. If you did. Compare the curves again to confirm that you didn’t over or under bend the strip. Use a small paintbrush to apply a bead of glue all along one side of one of the strips. Assemble the first two strips.
Wet a larger brush with water and use it to wipe off excess glue on the outside of the assembly’s curve. Bend the strip if necessary before applying glue. 8.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Rinse the brush in water and wipe off the excess glue on the inside of the curve. 7. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 54 . Prepare a third strip to be added to the assembly by comparing its curve to that of the assembly.
This will become almost invisible when the planter is painted. Here is my assembly with four strips. Allow the glue to dry for at least four hours before proceeding to the next step. Here is my completed assembly with 9 strips. Notice that the curve is not perfect.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is my assembly with three strips. Page 55 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
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We will now add a curve to each end of the assembly by trimming the ends of each Makigami strip. 9. Draw an arc on both ends of your assembly. 10. Cut one half of the arc with wire cutters. Notice that I have the angled blades of the wire cutter facing away from the assembly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 56
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11. Flip the assembly over and draw the arc on the back side. 12. Trim the assembly on the line you made in step 11. Again notice that I have the angled blades of the cutter facing away from the assembly. In step 10 I was trimming the assembly on the concave side of the curve, in step 12 I’m trimming on the convex side of the curve. This combination; trimming with the angled blades of the wire cutter facing away from the assembly, and trimming the first half of the curve on the concave side, and the second half on the convex side, allows the pressure applied by the wire cutters to be absorbed by the discarding trimming rather than the assembly. If you attempt to cut any other way, the pressure of your blades will be partially absorbed by the assembly. When the assembly absorbs the force it results in splits, gaps, and cracks. Page 57 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
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Repeat steps 9 through 11 on the other side of the assembly. When complete, your assembly should look like this. 12. We will now add two “legs” to our assembly. Trim the ends off the unmolded Makigami strip you made. 13. Hold the unmolded strip against the assembly and cut the first leg leaving a gap between its ends and the outside of the assembly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 58
Confirm that the ends of the assembly are at the same height. Use the leg you cut in step 13 to measure cutting a second leg. 15. If they’re not. Page 59 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . You also want to make sure that the legs are sufficiently close to the center of the assembly. adjust the legs. You should now have an assembly of strips and two legs.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. You don’t want the center of the assembly touching the top of your work surface as this reduces the appeal of the finished planter. until the height is equal. Use the legs to support the assembly. either outward or inward.
Transfer the marks made in step 16 to the bottom of the assembly. 18. 17. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 60 .Origami Bonsai Accessories 16. Mark the position of each leg on the assembly. Apply hot melt glue to one of the legs.
Page 61 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Your planter should look like this. Repeat this procedure with the second leg.Origami Bonsai Accessories 19. Attach the leg to the bottom of the assembly at the point you marked.
Shown at right. In other words. I’m using one long stabilizing leg. and then to the other side of the center strip. I then cut the un‐molded strip to size. we assemble this planter from the center out. This planter is assembled much like a boat. During assembly It is important that strips are added first to one side of the center strip. Rather than assembling each Makigami strip to create a flat surface. rather than from one side to the other as we did in the flat‐curved planter. I set the assembly on my work surface and slide a non‐ molded piece of Makigami underneath the back of it. The shallow‐bowl planter can be completed with two legs just as the flat‐curved planter was. from the keel outwards.Origami Bonsai Accessories Shallow Bowl Planter An alternative to the flat‐ curved planter is the shallow‐ bowl planter. Strips of Makigami are added to each side of the center at a slight upward offset. instead we start with a center strip. with one long stabilizing leg. This creates a shallow bowl. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 62 . or it can be finished at an angle.
Page 63 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories I remove the strip. and return it into position. add some hot melt glue to it.
From a distance. You may be tempted to leave your work unpainted. One coat of this mixture gets painted onto every surface of the work. Faux Wood Finishes What is the best feature of using recycled newspaper in Makigami? The answer might be that it’s been printed on. 50‐50 mixture of paint and wood glue. and start to warp. In this chapter I will show you how to create various finishes that mimic the look of different varieties of wood. waxed paper or the like to ensure you protect both yourself and the Makigami. they are also not approved for direct contact with food. as long as it’s not left soaking in liquid. it will be destroyed. While the materials we use are not toxic. by all means do so. Perhaps a word of caution ought to be added at this point. This is followed by either one or two coats of a diluted (with water) mixture of paint and wood glue.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. this seemingly random printing looks much like the swirling pattern of real wood. Always allow your work to dry for at least four hours between coats. If you opt to serve food on your Makigami creations. even from the air. foil. The planters presented in this book would make excellent serving dishes for small appetizers like sushi. By painting your work with a good coat of wood glue and paint you will ensure that it will last a lifetime. My faux finishes all start with a slightly diluted (with water). like a spilled glass of water. as long as you provide a barrier between the Makigami and the food. As you finish a project you will notice that the newspaper print is visible in your work. Unpainted Makigami will absorb moisture. Use something like a doily. I would advise against this. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 64 . If it gets exposed to a lot of moisture.
Unpainted areas will reduce the impact of your finished work. secondly it keeps my fingerprints off what I’m painting. 2. Carefully paint every surface of your work. but thick enough that it creates a bold color change in the work. Page 65 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . The first is it keeps one hand (the one holding the work) clean. Make sure you carefully paint the ends of your planter. I usually wear gloves for two reasons. To create a faux bamboo finish we begin with a coat of yellow acrylic paint mixed with wood glue and a small amount of water.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Bamboo 1. This mixture should be dilute enough that it will easily flow into cracks and crevises.
and tops (often hidden from view by the planter) of the “legs” of the planter. then set your planter down on a piece of aluminum foil and touch up the area where you had been holding it. Now we add a coat of 50‐50 acrylic green paint mixed with wood glue which is then diluted with water. Carefully inspect your planter for areas that you might have missed with paint. Run your brush over these areas. and areas with pools of paint.Origami Bonsai Accessories Don’t forget to paint the ends. Once you’ve finished painting the first coat you should allow your planter to dry for about four hours. If it is cool to the touch it isn’t dry yet. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 66 . 3. This mixture should be quite thin. similar to the thickness of heavy cream.
5. If you wish.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. try using black acrylic paint. Allow the planter to dry for at least four hours. Apply the mixture liberally at first. and then work it into the cracks and crevises of the planter. try using brown. similar to the mixture you created in step 3. you can adjust the shade of your finished planter with additional coats of a 50‐50 mixture of acrylic paint and glue. If you think the planter is too bright. As long as your mixture is sufficiently dilute you won’t lose the complexity that recycled newspaper adds to the overall look. If you want a more aged‐looking bamboo. with water to dilute. Page 67 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 68 .
2. Once the first coat has dried. Start with a 50‐50 mixture of yellow acrylic paint and wood glue slighly diluted with water.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Oak 1. Page 69 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Apply the mixture liberally at first. working it into cracks and crevises. Dilute the mixture with water until it is approximately the thickness of heavy cream. 3. Then use your brush to remove any pooled paint. paint your planter with a 50‐50 mixture of brown acrylic paint and wood glue.
The faux oak finish. picture above. Allow your planter to dry for at least four hours on aluminum foil.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. is my favorite. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 70 .
Page 71 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Mix a 50‐50 mixture of acrylic brown and wood glue. To create a faux redwood finish we begin with a 50‐50 mixture of red acrylic paint and wood glue slightly diluted with water. Allow your planter to dry on aluminum foil for at least four hours. and then dilute it with water until it is approximately as thick as heavy cream. 3. Paint all the surfaces of the planter with this mixture.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Redwood 1. 2. Allow your planter to dry for at last four hours before the next step. Make sure you cover all areas with paint.
Once the second coat has dried.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. You may even want to add a fourth coat. diluted with water to the consistency of heavy cream. add a third of the same mixture. as sometimes the initial red coat of paint is too bright. add a coat or two of 50‐50 black acrylic and wood glue. If you would like a walnut finish. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 72 .
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5. Fractal Wave Planters
I must confess, I love these planters! A narrow, highly tapered and acutely curved tip rotates, widens, and becomes a wide shallow bowl. I discovered the process by which they are made completely by accident. I wanted to create a planter with more curves, but at the same time was having serious problems with assembly. It seemed that as a planter’s “curviness” increased, it’s assembly time increased exponentially. One day as I removed a planter from its mold I discovered that it stayed together. I stopped trying to take dry planters off the mold, and instead worked on reinforcing them so that they could be removed from the mold as a complete assembly. I developed a technique where glue diluted with water is painted onto dry Makigami strips while they are still on their mold. Since discovering this technique I’ve developed similar ones for other types of planters, presented later in this book. I think you will enjoy making these planters. It seems no one has seen anything like these designs before. Perhaps it would be best if we didn’t tell them how easy they are to make. You should read this entire chapter before attempting to make a fractal wave planter. There are common problems encountered during their creation that will cause you great frustration if you don’t know that they’re resolved in the end.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
You will need the following items to complete this project: Four pages of newsprint A pair of scissors An American‐style toy football Two clothespins Two long rubber bands One nylon stocking A pencil, wire cutters and hot melt glue gun. 1. Start by cutting the newsprint approximately an inch and a half from the fold. 2. Perform the same cut on the lower half of the newsprint. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 74
Origami Bonsai Accessories
3. Place the top and bottom “halves” of newsprint on top of each other, with their half‐ folds on top of each other. Cut a diagonal across all the sheets of newsprint. When cutting this diagonal remember that we will be cutting off the fold on the side closest in this picture. The distances marked by red arrows in the picture should be equal in the finished pieces. Review the pictures that follow for a clearer understanding. 4. Cut off the fold making sure the narrow ends are the same width as the narrow ends you cut in step 3 (narrow ends are marked by red arrows in step 3). 5. You should now have 16 sheets that will make up to 16 highly‐tapered Makigami strips. We won’t need all of these, but it’s good to have extras just in case you encounter problems rolling them. Page 75 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
please see Chapter 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. one piece of newsprint as described in Chapter 2. Use the bristles of your brush to lift the sheet and fold the leading edge up approximately one inch. We’ll use this to hold the Makigami strips temporarily as we roll them. Wrap a long rubber band around the football. Curl the folded leading edge up. 7. and begin to roll with light pressure. flip. 8. Saturate. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 76 . and saturate again. For more detail.
Notice that the tip of the first strip I rolled (middle) is further from the rubber band than the two subsequent strips. You will notice that the strip rolls in a bit of an arc. I am forming the rounded edge of my planter (discussed later). Slip the thicker end of the strip under the rubber band. then go back to step 7 and roll the next strip. Page 77 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. This is because it is tapered. slip them under the rubber band. 11. Increase the pressure of your rolling to wring out excess liquid. Roll the Makigami strip just as you did in Chapter 2 (untapered). As you complete rolling strips. 10.
your ball will become top heavy. You can make a wider. 13. Cut the foot off your nylon stocking. To keep it stable you can put it in a bowl. We’ll be using the foot for this project. I’ve made 11 strips in this example. which is enough for my planter. As you add more strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 12. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 78 . or narrower planter if you wish. 14. but save the other piece of stocking as we will use it in other projects.
Carefully press the wide area of your planter against the surface of the ball while at the same time bending the narrow area around the tip of the ball. Carefully remove the rubber band from inside the stocking. 17. we’ll fix that in a later step. Carefully put the ball and strips into the stocking foot.Origami Bonsai Accessories 15. Page 79 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Don’t worry if your strips move around. 16.
Gather the loose open end of the stocking foot in your hand and…… 19. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 80 . 20.Origami Bonsai Accessories 18. twist it to tighten the stocking around the ball. Attach a clothespin to hold the tightened stocking in place.
21.Origami Bonsai Accessories The positions of the Makigami strips pictured here are typical after the stocking has been tightened. take a look at the overall shape of the planter. We don’t want our finished product to look like this. Page 81 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . After you’ve pushed the strips into what seems like good alignment. Use your fingers to push the Makigami strips into desirable positions. 22. set aside the work to dry for a day or two. If you’re satisfied.
25. 24. it will be easily fixed in a later step. Paint the Makigami strips with a mixture of three parts wood glue and one part water. as that’s where the nylon tends to get stuck. Once the strips have dried. It’s important that the Makigami strips stay attached to the ball. Inspect your work. don’t worry.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. Be extra careful near the ends of the Makigami strips. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 82 . carefully remove the stocking. Notice that I’ve got some long gaps in what I’d like to be a solid surface toward the top of the photograph. If you have these gaps.
roughly the thickness of heavy cream. To do this. Also gather two clothespins and two rubber bands. If it is hard to press on the ball. Once your planter has dried you will need to mix some wood glue with a small amount of water. Paint an extra layer of the mixture on the narrow end of the planter. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. Please look at the next two pictures on the following page before attempting this step. This extra amount of glue should ensure a successful removal.Origami Bonsai Accessories 26. release some air from it. Be careful not to apply pressure to the planter. You should hear the planter begin to come unstuck. Page 83 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . apply pressure to the ball with your thumbs around the planter. 27. It is this end that will hold the planter together when we remove it from the ball. We want to remove the planter from the ball without causing it to fall apart.
Set aside the ball. Once you’ve gotten the wide area released. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 84 . work on the curly area.Origami Bonsai Accessories Continue working your way around the planter. As the planter loosens there is a danger that it will fall. so hold it close to your work surface. releasing it from the ball.
Don’t try to close all the gaps. so don’t worry about them. 29. Wrap the rubber bands around your work and then use the clothespins to tighten them.Origami Bonsai Accessories If your planter is like mine there will be long gaps between some of the Makigami strips. Page 85 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Paint the areas of the planter that were facing the ball with a generous amount of the wood glue and water mixture. but they’ll be filled with glue and paint when you add a finish to your planter. but don’t squeeze too hard or you will collapse the planter. Some small gaps will remain. 28. You can squeeze your planter’s gaps together to help the rubber bands close the biggest gaps. I’ll show you an easy way to eliminate these.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is a view of the other side of the planter. Allow your planter to dry for at least four hours. 30. Once your planter has dried. plug in your hot glue gun. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 86 . You can’t see some small gaps I was unable to close. Remove the rubber bands and clothespins. so I’m not worried about them. but they’ll be filled when I add a finish to the planter. Draw an arc across the wide end of your planter. 31. Also gather a pencil and wire cutters.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. 34. Page 87 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Transfer your arc line to the bottom of the planter so you’ll know where to cut on the other strips. as you don’t want the planter absorbing the force of your cut. Use your wire cutters to cut off the tips of the Makigami stems following the arc you drew in step 31. Cut the rest of the Makigami strips across the line you made in step 34. 33. Notice that the angled cutting blades are facing away from the planter in the picture. Cut the strips until you’re about half way across the wide edge of the planter. this is important.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 88 . 35. Use a Makigami strip from a previous work (Chapter 3) to stabilize your planter. Insert the strip under the planter. If you are going to use your planter for a wall‐mounted sculpture then you should paint it with a finish (see Chapter 4). If you’re planning to use it for a free‐standing sculpture you should complete the following steps. at a point where the planter becomes stable.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your planter should look similar to this. Here is another view.
Then draw a dark line on the newspaper indicating the position of the Makigami strip you’re using to stabilize the planter. 36. Put your planter on a piece of newspaper and trace a line representing the wide end of the planter onto the newspaper.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is another picture showing how I use a Makigami strip to stabilize my planter. leaving the stabilizing strip behind. Apply hot melt glue to the strip. Page 89 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Lift the planter. 37.
This planter tended to wobble. Place your planter back on top of the strip. I’ve learned through experience to make my planters as stable as I possibly can. Use the tracing you made in step 37 to help orient the planter onto the stabilizing Makigami strip. refer back here to the following steps. so I’m going to add a paper pebble (Advanced Origami Bonsai) to stabilize it. but before you paint the final coat of finish on it. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 90 . or a small piece of Makigami. You can use a paper pebble. After I paint two coats of finish on my planter (here it’s faux oak which I’m going to follow with a coat of gray).Origami Bonsai Accessories 38. I always check to see how stable it is. Your planter should look similar to this. Now refer to Chapter 4 to paint a finish on the planter.
Position the pebble where it will eliminate any wobble the planter might have. Use a brush to apply some glue to both the pebble and the planter. Page 91 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Turn the planter over and apply glue around the pebble without moving it. 40. 41.Origami Bonsai Accessories 39.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 42. so I moved it. Here’s another view of my pebble. The glue will never be seen once I paint my planter with its final coat of finish. Set the planter back down and verify that the pebble is in the right spot. If it isn’t. go back to step 39. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 92 . After I completed step 42 I discovered a little bit better spot. hence the excess glue.
Origami Bonsai Accessories I thought a white‐wash look would be best for this planter. I ended up with a putty colored planter. Luckily I can repaint it with the faux oak finish (pictured below). Because of the number of coats of paint I lost some of the color complexity. wood glue and water was not dilute enough. Page 93 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . which is not what I intended. however the mixture of white acrylic paint.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Some Examples of Fractal Wave Planters Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 94 .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 95 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 96 .
The planter is thick and strong in the middle. In free standing sculptures I add legs to the planter. Notice the shallowness of the curve.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. It creates a beautiful. but they are actually quite durable because we use highly tapered Makigami strips to make them. but that’s not visible in the finished creation. dramatic look. combined with the taper and the narrowness of the surface that make these planters look special. Shallow Tapered Planters The shallow tapered planter will probably become one of your favorites. or some similar natural material. These planters look fragile. and how thin the edges appear to be. For wall mounted Origami Bonsai trees I attach the planter at an angle. I use this type of planter for both free standing and wall mounted sculptures. There is something about the natural curve. Page 97 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . They’re a little more work to make than the fractal wave planter. They look like they were made from a piece of coconut shell. but they have an elegant beauty.
3. look at the pictures that follow. If you’re confused. 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. parallel to the half‐fold. Separate your strips into pairs. Cut the half‐fold off. We start with four pages of newsprint folded in half. Once you’ve done this you should have eight strips of newsprint of the same width. and then quarter folded. keeping in mind that we’ll be cutting off the half‐ fold. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 98 . Cut one pair at the quarter‐fold. Cut the newsprint in half.
6. 5. Cut a fourth pair ½ inch shorter than the third pair. Cut a third pair ½ inch shorter than the second pair. Page 99 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Cut the second pair approximately ½ inch shorter than the first pair. Use the previous pair as a reference for cutting the next pair.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4.
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7. Cut a fifth pair ½ inch shorter than the fourth pair. 8. Cut a sixth pair ½ inch shorter than the fifth pair. 9. Cut a seventh pair ½ inch shorter than the sixth pair.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
10. Cut the eighth pair ½ inch shorter than the seventh. 11. Arrange your strips so the right and bottom edges are even with each other. Start the cut approximately one inch from the bottom edge, at an angle of approximately 45 degrees. Your strips should look like this. Page 101 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
12. Next, align the left and bottom edges and cut the strips at a 45 degree angle starting about one inch from the bottom. You will notice that you’re shortening the smaller pairs. This is key to obtaining a taper on the edges of your planter. Your strips should look like this. 13. Wrap a long rubber band around a full‐sized American football, rugby ball, or other similarly shaped ball. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 102
and shortest are on the outside. Roll your newsprint into dual‐tapered Makigami strips (see Chapter 2).Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. As you finish each strip insert it under the rubber band. 15. Start with the longest strips first. Gather the stocking as if you were going to put it on lengthwise. Page 103 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . and cut it. Inspect your spacing and adjust each strip so they look like the picture here. 16. Cut the double‐thickness top and the foot off a nylon stocking. Arrange the strips such that the longest are in the middle. This will create one large piece of nylon.
Notice that the ends of the Makigami strips have not yet been secured. Secure this side with tape. 18. Tape the side of the stocking to the ball. We are just securing the middle of the planter. Place the stocking on top of your Makigami strips. 19. Stretch the nylon stocking over one end of the ball and….Origami Bonsai Accessories 17. Tighten the stocking such that the Makigami strips make contact with the surface of the ball. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 104 .
Tuck it underneath the rubber band. with as few gaps as possible. 21. 22. Do the same procedure with the other end of the nylon stocking. Page 105 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . you can use tape to secure it.Origami Bonsai Accessories 20. If you can. Align the Makigami strips so they are uniform. Allow them to dry overnight. If you can’t tuck it underneath. tuck it under the rubber band.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 106 . After the strips have dried. Your strips should look like this…… . We paint the mixture through the stocking onto the assembly of strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. paint them with a mixture of wood glue and water that is approximately the thickness of heavy cream.and this....
Pull the nylon stocking horizontally away from the ball to free one end of the assembly of Makigami strips. 26. Be careful. and watch for tiny threads of nylon that get caught on the tips of the Makigami strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 24. 25. Page 107 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Your planter is delicate at this point. so you need to be careful. Pull the nylon in the opposite direction (from step 25) to free the other side of the assembly of strips. Very carefully remove the tape securing the nylon stocking to the ball.
Make sure you remove any excess with a dry brush. Paint another coat of wood glue diluted with water to the thickness of heavy cream. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 108 . Keep the assembly on the ball. We will reattach strips and fix the long gap you see in this picture in the following steps. Hold the assembly together as you paint it. 27. I seldom make one that doesn’t partially come apart when I remove the stocking.Origami Bonsai Accessories These planters are extremely delicate at this stage of their construction.
Once the assembly has dried. 29. carefully apply pressure to the ball to release it. It is only the basic assembly and wide gaps that we’re worried about. Notice that I still have narrow gaps. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. which I’ll fix in a step to follow. Page 109 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . You may need to release some of the air from the ball to create the gaps necessary between the ball and the assembly to free it. Your Makigami assembly should look like this. Squeeze any wide gaps together with your fingers.Origami Bonsai Accessories 28. Inspect the assembly before you allow it to dry.
Make a mark both on a piece of paper underneath the assembly and small marks on the assembly itself. If you’re making a free‐standing sculpture. skip to step 34. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 110 . cut some straight pieces of Makigami corresponding to the width of your planter to act as “legs. Do the same with the second leg. 31. Use a pencil to mark the position of each leg.” If this planter is for a wall sculpture. Apply some hot melt glue to one of the legs and attach it at the position you marked. 32.Origami Bonsai Accessories 30.
In this picture. Page 111 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Close the smaller gaps by painting with a mixture of wood glue and water and then applying rubber band and clothespin clamps as we did in Chapter 5. Trim the legs if necessary. Your planter should look like this. the ends of the legs are exactly two Makigami‐strips from the outer edge of the planter. 34. Once you have become comfortable with making planters you can apply the clamps with your first coat of finish (see Chapter 4).Origami Bonsai Accessories 33.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 112 .Origami Bonsai Accessories After a coat of brown. I could have trimmed the tips of the Makigami strips at an angle to achieve a more rounded edge. but I prefer this look. followed by two coats of black (see Chapter 4) I have a beautiful faux walnut planter.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Some Examples of Shallow Tapered Planters This sculpture “grows” from a planter that is mounted at an angle. Notice how this perspective reveals the complexity of the planter to the viewer. Page 113 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
It casts dramatic shadows when wall‐mounted and lit from below.Origami Bonsai Accessories This sculpture is both free standing and wall mountable. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 114 .
but it lacked some of the characteristics necessary to be functional. of the Carnegie Institute. stiffer Makigami rolling solution. and eventually break. I could use my techniques to make something that looked and felt like a chopstick. I turned to my cousin. In order to apply our techniques to these applications. More importantly. or used daily.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. While paper has been used as a material for making plates. we need a new. so indentations could not occur. and immediately tried making some. She suggested that I needed a starch to act as a stiffener. causing it to bend. and then caused indentations in the Makigami. When I read this. She suggested corn starch. These forces compressed. but also an expert in glues and papers. I wondered if I could make Makigami chopsticks. I tried it. Chopsticks have long been a target of environmentalists. it has never been used to make durable household items and jewelry. and this new tax was aimed at curbing the use of disposable wooden chopsticks. but the invention is ready should the world need it. Gretchen Anderson. and it worked! My Makigami chopsticks have yet to be mass‐produced. Page 115 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I needed something to act as a filler. She is a museum conservator and preservationist. Useful Crescents We will now enter into applications where paper has never been before. My early attempts were met with frustration and failure. In March of 2006 the Chinese government introduced a five percent tax on wooden chopsticks. I discovered that chopsticks are subject to large forces of compression between the fingers. this new version of Makigami creates durable products that can be worn.
Use a long twist tie to measure the circumference of whatever you plan to make crescents fit around. 1. one long center strip with three shorter strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami crescents can be used for all sorts of things. If I’m going to make a pair of these it I will need two of the longest strips and four of each of the shorter strips. 2. bangle bracelets and a type of curtain tieback that I think is particularly good looking. each one shorter than the previous. Most of the crescents I’ve made are assemblies of seven Makigami strips. Bend or cut the twist tie to mark the circumference. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 116 . Cut newsprint into wide strips as we’ve done in previous chapters. In this example I’ll be making a pair of crescents that will be used for curtain tiebacks. on either side. I’ve made napkin rings.
5. 4. I cut four pieces about a half‐inch shorter (one pair for each tie back). I cut four more pieces of newsprint about a half inch shorter than the ones I cut in step 4.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. I cut two pieces of newsprint (one for each tie back) using the twist tie I made in step 1 as a measuring tool. Page 117 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. 7. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 118 . 8. I cut the last four sheets about one half inch shorter than the ones I cut in step 5. Fold the sheets you cut in step 6 in half. leaving a gap of about one half inch at the bottom. Cut the folded sheets on a diagonal.
Wrap your rubber bands around two tapered tumblers.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your sheets will look like this. 10. Fold in half and then cut the sheets you made in steps 3 through 5 in the same manner. You should have 14 sheets as shown here. Page 119 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 9.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 120 Building Block 8: Fillers like corn starch result in more durable Makigami strips. Roll the newsprint into dual‐tapered Makigami strips and then insert them under rubber bands as shown.Origami Bonsai Accessories 11. Mix more durable Makigami rolling solution as follows: 32 parts Water 2 parts Wood Glue 2 parts Acrylic Paint – any color 1 part Corn Starch 12. .
Origami Bonsai Accessories 13. Page 121 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 15. Drape one of the pieces of stocking across the strips. forcing the Makigami strips against the surface of the cup. Gather the ends of the stocking. You can use the clothespin temporarily to stabilize the cup. 14. Lay one of the cups on its side.
Repeat steps 13 through 17 for any additional crescents you rolled strips for. and will make assembling them more difficult. Notice that the ends of my strips curve slightly upwards.Origami Bonsai Accessories 16. we’ll correct this when we assemble the crescents. Twist the ends of the stocking. Tighten the twist until you see all the Makigami strips conform to the curve of the cup. or until they do not feel cool to the touch. Use the clothespin to keep the twist from unraveling. but don’t worry. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 122 . Allow the crescents to dry overnight. This is unavoidable. 17. Try to straighten the ends of your strips as much as possible.
Sort them by length as shown in this picture. Remove the strips from the cups.Origami Bonsai Accessories Once your strips are dry you can assemble them. I assemble the crescent by starting with the longest strip. I am making two crescents. 18. You will need wood glue. Page 123 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . a small brush. and a small cup of water. so I have two long strips. followed by three pairs of shorter strips. a large brush.
This is key to both the beauty and the strength of the Makigami crescent.Origami Bonsai Accessories 19. 20. Notice that the upper. Confirm the fit of the first member of your longest pair. The strip in the foreground of this picture is ready for assembly. Apply a bead of wood glue to the edge of the strip with a small brush. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 124 . Flatten the longest strip (by carefully bending it as shown in Chapter 2). and test to confirm it is straight by placing it on a flat work surface and looking for gaps between the strip and the surface. You will need to perform this procedure on every strip before adding it to the assembly. the strip in the background is not. shorter strip is slightly offset. 21.
Origami Bonsai Accessories
22. Dip your larger brush in a cup of water and then use it to remove any excess glue on the seam of the assembly. Don’t forget to do this on the inside of the assembly as well. 23. Add the second member of the longest pair to the other side of the longest strip. Notice that both shorter strips are slightly offset towards the inside of the crescent. 24. Attach the next pair of strips.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
25. Attach the last pair of strips. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. If you’re making a second crescent, assemble it following the same instructions. 26. I’m often tempted not to round the ends of my crescents, but that is a mistake. The Makigami tips will wear out very quickly if left uncut. Use a pencil to draw an arc on both sides of your crescent’s ends. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 126
Origami Bonsai Accessories
27. Cut along the line you made in step 26 to create a rounded end on both sides of your crescent. Make sure the angled blades face away from your crescent when you cut it. The ends of your crescents should look like this after being cut.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
then black. The final color is quite complex. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 128 .Origami Bonsai Accessories Here are my tiebacks after they received three coats of finish (Chapter 4). I molded them on small tumblers. and then a final coat of dark blue. Here is a set of Makigami crescents used as napkin rings. I first applied a coat of yellow finish.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 129 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Strips for the larger planters were molded on the large steel pot shown in Chapter 2. Strips for the smaller planters on the following pages were molded on a six inch diameter mailing tube. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 130 .Origami Bonsai Accessories Examples of Assemblies of Dual‐Tapered Makigami Strips The following pictures are some examples of sculptures I have made with dual‐tapered Makigami strips. All of these planters were assembled in a manner similar to the crescents discussed in this chapter.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 131 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 132 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 133 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 134 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 135 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 136 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 137 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 138 .
Makigami is an interesting material that has tremendous potential for artists and crafters. and variants of it. on the tip of an American style football. I discovered a material tough enough to withstand the rigors of daily wear. Teardrop Makigami Pendants By adding corn starch to the Makigami rolling solution. along with firmer Makigami strips. consider other shapes that might be created. Page 139 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . the Origami models inside the pendant must be protected. Another shape I have developed is the teardrop pendant. This shape. Pendants are subject to forces that I cannot predict. As you complete the steps on the following pages. Now comes the hard part. I was trying to develop a Makigami assembly that would protect delicate Origami inside it. It is important to be on the lookout for breakthroughs in design. One can easily mold this shape. like that of a coat worn over the pendant. In order to remain undamaged. developing techniques for molding Makigami into usable shapes. One of those shapes. the crescent.Origami Bonsai Accessories 8. was discussed in the previous chapter. provides that protection. That I developed this teardrop shape is no accident.
3. Cut sufficient strips of newsprint to create your project using the twist tie to measure their length. In this example I cut an arc rather than a straight line. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 140 . 2. Start by using a twist‐tie to measure the length of strips you need to create a pendant in the design you desire. to give my taper a little more variation in thickness. Wrap the twist‐tie around the tip of a ball (in this case a smaller toy American football) mimicking the shape of the pendant you want to create. In this example I’m making a pendant out of eight strips of Makigami. Cut from the outer edge (right) starting about one half inch from the corner. Fold the strips in half.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1.
so I put my mold into a plastic bowl to stabilize it. 4. Page 141 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Wrap a rubber band around your mold (in my example a ball) to hold the strips. roll your strips following the instructions in chapter 2 for dual‐taper strips. 5. The strips make the mold top‐heavy.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your paper should look like this after you make the cut. Next.
Inspect your strips. Tuck them underneath the rubber band.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. checking for gaps. Bend the Makigami strips around the mold and then…. 7. and adjust them accordingly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 142 . Allow the assembly to dry overnight.. 8.
Allow the assembly to dry on the ball for at least four hours. Make sure you apply an extra coat to the area where the strips overlap. Page 143 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 11. Dilute some wood glue with water to the thickness of heavy cream. Brush the assembly with a coat of the wood glue and water mixture. 10. This will ensure that the assembly comes off the mold in one piece. Carefully remove the rubber band without removing the Makigami assembly.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9.
Trim the tips of the Makigami strips as desired. Carefully release the assembly by pushing on the ball. release some air from the ball.Origami Bonsai Accessories 12. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 144 . 13. If necessary. Your pendant should look like this.
I use rawhide which can be looped through the pendant and then tied around the wearer’s neck. I like to use a heavier duty glue to make this connection. wood glue and a small amount of water.” Page 145 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 14. The next step is to attach a necklace to the pendant.Origami Bonsai Accessories I painted my pendant with two coats of a mixture of blue and black acrylic paint. In this case I’m using a product called “Gorilla Glue.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 15. strong connection with the pendant. Loop your strap around the end of the pendant. Use a toothpick or leftover piece of Makigami as a tool to pick up the glue. Pour some glue onto a small scrap of paper. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 146 . 17. Note where the strap will make a good. 16. In this example I will glue the strap horizontally on the underside of the pendant. Spread a bead of glue on the area where your strap will attach to the pendant.
Put the strap into position and then clamp as necessary with clothespins. Be careful not to allow the clothespins to contact the glue or they could become a permanent part of your work. After the glue dries you can attach just about anything to the inside of the pendant. Page 147 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I saved some of my paint so I could give all the glued areas a touch‐up coat as a last step.Origami Bonsai Accessories 18.
Origami Bonsai Accessories The stocking technique can also be used for teardrop pendants. Shown here are a group of Makigami strips drying. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 148 . as well as the resultant pendant.
Origami Bonsai Accessories x Page 149 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 150 .
Building Block 2: All Makigami rolling solutions must contain at least one ingredient that acts as a lubricant. Building Block 5: You can cut a Makigami strip shorter. Makigami strips can be bent slightly to conform to a design. Page 151 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Building Block 6: Makigami is cheap and easy to recycle. Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper. Building Block 3: Makigami strips will retain whatever shape they have been molded into. Building Block 4: Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. Building Block 8: Fillers like corn starch result in more durable Makigami strips. Make extra strips and don’t worry about mistakes! Building Block 7: Once dry. but you cannot make it longer after it has been cut.Origami Bonsai Accessories Quick Reference Guide Building Blocks Use these general rules for designing products made from Makigami.
While the third recipe creates a durable form of Makigami.” While this recipe does not make the strongest Makigami strips. If you’re having trouble learning to roll using the other recipes. and the finished product will not have the durability required for daily use. The rolling process is not as easy as the first recipe.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami Recipes Choosing the proper Makigami solution for a project is important. Before you begin any project you should consider whether it will require the durability of recipe 3. Basic Makigami 16 parts Water 1 part Acrylic Paint (any color) This is the first recipe I developed which was described in my book “Advanced Origami Bonsai. it is very easy to learn the rolling process with it. If your project isn’t going to be used daily. Strong and Durable Makigami 32 parts Water 2 part Wood Glue 2 part Acrylic Paint – any color 1 part Corn Starch This recipe is a little harder to use in the rolling process (it seems slippery). Recipe 2. try this one. Stronger Makigami 16 parts Water 1 part Wood Glue 1 part Acrylic Paint – any color The second recipe can be used to make any of the projects presented in this book. The corn starch tends not to mix completely. but the resultant strips are quite durable. or handled roughly. choose recipe 2. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 152 . so you should stir your container of Makigami rolling solution each time you dip your brush in it. Recipe 1. Recipe 3. it is also the most challenging to roll.
Page 153 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Click this image to watch a video that shows how to roll a tapered Makigami strip.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami Rolling Videos Click this image to watch a video showing how to roll an un‐tapered Makigami strip.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 154 .Origami Bonsai Accessories Click this picture to watch a video that shows how to roll a dual‐tapered Makigami strip.
You opened the machine (see picture). or stamped into shape. placed tobacco into the pocket between the rollers and then closed it. The flexible material I described above would be replaced by cloth. attached to molds. which is the inspiration for this technique. The only difference between the machine I envision and a cigarette rolling machine is size. the machine I’m thinking of will roll strips that are initially eight feet long.Origami Bonsai Accessories Theoretical Mass Production Technique As of this writing I have not resolved all the encumbrances to mass production of Makigami. suspended in a vat of Makigami rolling solution would provide variable tension. The rolling machine had two cylinders mounted in a bracket. A third roller. the long strips of Makigami would be cut to length. or some other material that would pick up and then saturate the newsprint with Makigami solution as it entered the machine. A piece of flexible material surrounded the two cylinders. I believe this type of configuration would be capable of producing extremely strong material. You then pushed on the flexible material. toothbrush handles. Once rolled. I hope to use the same technique to mass produce long strips of Makigami for common consumer items like pens. Page 155 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . while simultaneously inserting a rolling paper. chopsticks and furniture. however I believe it is important to share the technique I plan to pursue. which forced the rollers to turn. Many years ago I rolled my own cigarettes with a handy little rolling machine. and then allowed to cure in a large greenhouse.
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