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Ceramics were first created in about 29. I was wrong and wasted a large amount of it (pictured above). My Intention in Publishing this Book After inventing Makigami I immediately considered patenting the material. The molding process for Makigami is very different from that of plastics. I wish I had more of this paper to experiment with. brown color. as well as universities like MIT. My hope is that people involved in the development of plastic products find it. additional sheets tend to ripple on the edges of the bulge. instead it must be rolled perpendicular to the longest fibers.000 BCE.800 years that paper was a primary material for the production of goods. glass. I re‐cut my remaining pieces of the Indian paper. Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 8 Different Types of Taper One of the most powerful aspects of the Makigami art form is the ability to create various types of taper. folds the sheet into quarters. The blue paper became an interesting shade of green. Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 7 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Molds: Many household items can be used as molds for Makigami. plastics and papers. Double‐Ended Taper This double‐ended taper shape is useful for creating Makigami bowls and other types of sculpture. Exponential Decay Taper This type of taper starts out thick. Sheets on the outside of sections will be of a heavier grade than sheets on the inside. Paint Brush: Purchase a paint brush that is about one inch wide. The paper was composed of extremely long fibers (I believe it was cotton). It’s a bit harder to roll. no one ever saturated paper with a liquid and rolled it. Teardrop Makigami Pendants Quick Reference Guide and Videos Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 4 I. Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 10 Fiber Orientation within Different Papers Papers like newsprint are most commonly made from trees. but on a microscopic scale. Each taper has a corresponding technique for rolling. the individual fibers become tightly packed and run from the narrow tip of the strip all the way to the other end. Hot Melt Glue Gun and Glue Sticks: You’ll need a standard hot melt glue gun and a bunch of glue sticks. Buy a large container of it. and perhaps your creation will result in widening the appeal of Makigami. and perhaps the solution is Makigami. Paper has become one of the most versatile materials made by man. and some tumblers (glasses).. Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 12 Here is some long tapered Makigami “grass” I made from long fiber paper Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 13 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman. and achieving a resultant product that is surprisingly similar to wood. Their bones lay in little heaps along beautiful beaches. Nylon Stockings: You should buy a few pairs of nylon stockings. After being unable to roll the sheets pictured on the previous page. Makigami literally means “roll‐paper” in Japanese and was invented by Benjamin John Coleman in 2009. In the South Pacific islands it is not uncommon to find birds that have starved to death. I believe that recycling efforts will intensify. They have no interest in pursuing a material that will cost them millions in development efforts. You will learn that tapers have different applications which can add tremendous visual impact to your creations. Using this paper. Useful Crescents 8. at the same time we are very aware that the plastic disposable razor we used this morning will persist more than 450 years in the landfill where it was disposed. blue and yellow acrylic paints. a large deep cooking pan. but I didn’t. It is virtually impossible to roll this paper in the direction of the fibers. Cornstarch: Any brand of dry cornstarch will be fine. Paper gets its strength from these individual fibers which become entangled in a chaotic pattern within the material. The resulting Makigami strips are pictured on the next page. Recently a friend of mine traveled to India where he stumbled upon some odd paper and bought it for me. will be rediscovered. In the coming years perhaps this will change. I did a significant amount of research. These items will not be damaged during the molding process and can be returned to their normal uses after the Makigami dries. or revolutionary eco‐friendly consumer products. Sadly. The molds we will use in this book include: a closet clothes hanger bar. allowing future generations to create virtually anything they need from paper. But until now. Once dry the rolled Makigami pieces retain their shape.000 BCE. one sheet of newsprint shall be defined as one double‐sided sheet of paper which corresponds to four pages of a newspaper. A close‐up (left) reveals the fibers which flow horizontally across the paper. so you might want to bookmark or fold down the corner of this page so you can refer back to it. adding a few ingredients to the saturating solution. Animals mistake plastic for food. I used a yellow Makigami solution. Wire Cutters: Makigami is too strong for scissors. Plastic has unique properties that made it a suitable replacement for common items that previously had been made from metals and ceramics. We quickly developed molding techniques that make plastic our most versatile resource for mass production. The rolling rule. You will not need a lot of it. Trays: You will need two cookie sheets that have less than a one inch lip. Most of the taper types below can be made thicker by adding additional sheets of newsprint cut to the same size and shape. glass in 3. each one with a compacted ball of plastic in its center. Interestingly. there are some newspapers that vary the weight of their paper. Shallow Tapered Planters 7. I contacted major companies like Bic. When mixed with the yellow liquid. Makigami molding requires significantly more thought. Definition of Terms for Newsprint In order to properly convey instructions. they can be combined. After great consideration I realized I neither had the funds nor the desire to control this new eco‐friendly material. Tear a piece of newsprint. Introduction Evolution of Man Made Materials The most commonly known man made materials are ceramics. Each picture shows a cut piece of newsprint and the corresponding Makigami shape it produces. In this book I have included descriptions of how to make fine. not rolled). Below are the basic types of tapers I will use in this book. The half‐fold folds the sheet in half. the ball of plastic will endure and the bones will not. with examples that include cotton swabs and lollipop sticks (which are actually twisted paper. but also as the primary component of various inventions. their bellies filled with so much plastic that there is no room for food. chopsticks. What you Will Need: Wood Glue: I use a waterproof wood glue. an American football. and all disposable consumer products.” holds true for newsprint even though we can’t see the individual fibers. so pay special attention to the rolling technique. This shape is useful for all types of Makigami projects. I wanted them to consider using my material for products like toothbrushes. We use wire cutters to trim our creations prior to painting them. It is an inexpensive material that affords us the luxury of making “disposable” and “one‐time‐use” products. Gillette. it is important that I define a piece of newsprint. for some reason. The process for making Makigami is simple. Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper. and plastic in 1862. paper is cut into strips and then saturated in a special solution. how a Makigami product was created is usually not apparent. Throughout our history paper appears not just as a medium for documentation. These shallow tapered stems are useful for making trees and various accessories. more durable and capable of making things that had been previously reserved to ceramics and glass. This is the fundamental difference between Makigami molding and plastic molding. Plastics are poured into molds. and could not find any references to the rolling of paper by this method. Acrylic Paint: You will need large containers of white. Plastic shopping bags fly like flags from trees. Makigami Charms and Little Things 3. These will be used to saturate the newspaper prior to rolling. red. Note the direction of the clean tear. paper in 105 AD. which has a carbon‐negative footprint and can be repeatedly recycled. and have invested billions of dollars in infrastructure to support their development. This book has been written as a basic manual for building virtually anything from paper. Revisiting an Old Material During the 1. We can easily test the newsprint to determine the proper rolling direction by tearing a piece of it. Paper was invented by the Chinese but was very different from the paper we commonly encounter today. skeletal frames. These manmade materials have been extensively explored and we have developed many useful products from them. and use it to create a new generation of easily recyclable consumer products. As you complete the projects in this book you should think about other possible projects. Half‐pages of newsprint will not be used in this work. I cut the sheets keeping in mind that I would be rolling them perpendicular to the longest fibers. You will find that double‐ended tapered Makigami strips tend to rip in half during the rolling process. No Taper Taper‐less strips have many applications and are the easiest to make. The properties of this paper were very different from newsprint. however there might be a different use for them. I do not think they would make good branches or planters. Do not try to use deep cookie sheets (with a taller lip) as this will interfere with the rolling process. I decided to make some Makigami strips from the paper and learned a lot in the process. Certainly there were attempts at something similar. Our planet faces environmental challenges that threaten the existence of all species. The paper was almost transparent. Try to use the same weight of paper in each project. Makigami uses cylindrical and other objects as guides. Narrow Constant Taper Makigami strips with narrow constant taper mimic the stems of vines and some fast‐growing trees. Our society clings to plastic in an uncomfortable embrace. I assumed the paper would roll more easily by rolling against the long fibers. Dominance of Plastics The eye of innovation was drawn away from paper when plastic was invented in 1862. Faux Wood Finishes 5. It could also be argued that plastic led to modern economies that are based on consumption. Be advised. We use these to attach Makigami strips to oddly shaped molds. and I could see smaller fibers perpendicular to the longer fibers. which is performed after the half fold. metals. This becomes quite frustrating during the rolling process. Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 5 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman It could be argued that this rise in the use of plastic as the primary material for manufacture resulted in a much higher standard of living. the strips above are far more flexible than I am used to. My inquiries went unanswered. This slaw was then poured into molds and allowed to dry. but based on my experience I do not recommend using long fiber papers for Makigami. My intention is to open your mind and unleash your creativity. and the oceans of our planet are full of the stuff. but also included are instructions for making more useful and common items. These colors will be mixed to create green and various other shades. I should have cut a small piece and tested its rolling properties before I started the project. either horizontally or vertically. 2. “roll perpendicular to the longest fibers. Paper has been used to make everything from clothing to armor. and then roll perpendicular to it. as shown by the arrow. Bulging tapered strips have a slightly different problem. There is much to discover in this new craft. but they could also be used to make paper buttons. and the quarter fold. the individual layers of paper separated. You will find “building blocks” in each chapter. And just like mathematical theorems. a clean tear suggests you’re tearing parallel to the fibers. Repeated rolling. Simple Planters 4. These building blocks are highlighted like theorems of a mathematics textbook. and that materials like paper. Plastic has become common in the environment. and observe how it tears. This means that some newspapers will require that you regroup the differently weighted pages. artistic creations. allows thicker bulging strips to be rolled successfully. no one took the next step. Paper was largely forgotten and became associated solely with the publication of documents and production of cardboard. Manufacturers have been working with plastics for years. A jagged tear is an indication that you’re tearing against the fibers. Fractal Wave Planters 6. it is rolled and then attached to molds and allowed to dry. black. I suspect they will be useful in the creation of bonsai planters that transition from narrow to wide and then narrow again. and others. Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 11 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman This actually makes sense when you consider the finished strip. But far worse is what happens to plastic that doesn’t make it to the landfill. with the exception of double‐ended taper and bulging taper. while applying extra pressure. While these guides may reflect the final shape of the finished product. making those sticks thicker. You will learn rolling techniques for each type of taper as they are used later in this book. The long fibers were mostly parallel (aligned in the same direction). and looked more like cloth than paper. Only recently developed. whether that is in the form of beautiful creations. Also. specialty materials and have little interest in researching a simple material like Makigami designed for widespread use. The plant matter was broken down to individual fibers creating paper pulp which resembles coleslaw. The strip shown was made using several sheets of newsprint cut into the same shape. hemp and other plant matter. I have just begun to think about applications for bulging taper Makigami strips. For the purposes of this book. metals in 6. however there are other papers made from different plants. they know how to make virtually anything from them. and stays narrow for a long time. paper innovations had come to a virtual standstill by 1900. The question is: is there another way we can maintain our standard of living and protect the environment at the same time? Perhaps there is. Different types of taper are defined below. Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 9 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Thick Constant Taper This is the type of taper you find among slow‐growing trees. I’ve found this taper to be useful for coiling Makigami discs like the ones I use for mushroom caps. In thicker areas. Early recipes for paper included the use of bark. Each sheet of newsprint has two folds. but quickly becomes narrow. However. Universities Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 6 like MIT are busy developing much stronger. Newspaper: Virtually any newspaper will work. Plastic is waterproof. the purple paper became a soft. Bulging Taper Strips with bulging taper can be used for mushroom stems.000 BCE
Origami Bonsai Accessories explores applications for Makigami a new material made from recycled newspaper. Learn how to make teardrop pendants, dishes and planters of various shapes, bangle bracele...
Origami Bonsai Accessories explores applications for Makigami a new material made from recycled newspaper. Learn how to make teardrop pendants, dishes and planters of various shapes, bangle bracelets and lots more. Supplemental videos on YouTube are accessed through the book. This new material is eco-friendly, inexpensive and extremely durable. THIS DOCUMENT IS NOT TO BE DISTRIBUTED IN CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES.
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