This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Origami Bonsai Accessories
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010, Benjamin John Coleman, all rights reserved. This document is not to be reproduced in any way without the express written consent of Benjamin John Coleman. Origami Bonsai® is a registered trademark of Benjamin John Coleman, all rights reserved. I would like to thank Gretchen Anderson for helping me develop new Makigami rolling solutions as well as John and Annette Coleman for helping edit this book.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
1. Introduction 2. Makigami Charms and Little Things 3. Simple Planters 4. Faux Wood Finishes 5. Fractal Wave Planters 6. Shallow Tapered Planters 7. Useful Crescents 8. Teardrop Makigami Pendants Quick Reference Guide and Videos
Page 3 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Their bones lay in little heaps along beautiful beaches. Animals mistake plastic for food. This slaw was then poured into molds and allowed to dry. Dominance of Plastics The eye of innovation was drawn away from paper when plastic was invented in 1862.000 BCE. paper innovations had come to a virtual standstill by 1900. glass.000 BCE. paper in 105 AD. Interestingly. skeletal frames. We quickly developed molding techniques that make plastic our most versatile resource for mass production. Plastic is waterproof. but on a microscopic scale. hemp and other plant matter. each one with a compacted ball of plastic in its center. But far worse is what happens to plastic that doesn’t make it to the landfill. plastics and papers. Throughout our history paper appears not just as a medium for documentation.000 BCE. Plastic shopping bags fly like flags from trees. and the oceans of our planet are full of the stuff. glass in 3. at the same time we are very aware that the plastic disposable razor we used this morning will persist more than 450 years in the landfill where it was disposed. These manmade materials have been extensively explored and we have developed many useful products from them. but also as the primary component of various inventions. Paper has become one of the most versatile materials made by man. Plastic has become common in the environment. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 4 . and plastic in 1862. the ball of plastic will endure and the bones will not. Sadly. Our society clings to plastic in an uncomfortable embrace. It is an inexpensive material that affords us the luxury of making “disposable” and “one‐time‐use” products. metals.Origami Bonsai Accessories I. In the South Pacific islands it is not uncommon to find birds that have starved to death. Paper was largely forgotten and became associated solely with the publication of documents and production of cardboard. Paper was invented by the Chinese but was very different from the paper we commonly encounter today. Ceramics were first created in about 29. The plant matter was broken down to individual fibers creating paper pulp which resembles coleslaw. their bellies filled with so much plastic that there is no room for food. Paper has been used to make everything from clothing to armor. Paper gets its strength from these individual fibers which become entangled in a chaotic pattern within the material. Early recipes for paper included the use of bark. Plastic has unique properties that made it a suitable replacement for common items that previously had been made from metals and ceramics. Introduction Evolution of Man Made Materials The most commonly known man made materials are ceramics. more durable and capable of making things that had been previously reserved to ceramics and glass. However. metals in 6.
or revolutionary eco‐friendly consumer products. and have invested billions of dollars in infrastructure to support their development. Makigami molding requires significantly more thought. It could also be argued that plastic led to modern economies that are based on consumption. After great consideration I realized I neither had the funds nor the desire to control this new eco‐friendly material. Universities Page 5 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . how a Makigami product was created is usually not apparent.800 years that paper was a primary material for the production of goods. Once dry the rolled Makigami pieces retain their shape. and others. artistic creations. This is the fundamental difference between Makigami molding and plastic molding. My intention is to open your mind and unleash your creativity. it is rolled and then attached to molds and allowed to dry. The molding process for Makigami is very different from that of plastics. My inquiries went unanswered. and perhaps the solution is Makigami. Makigami literally means “roll‐paper” in Japanese and was invented by Benjamin John Coleman in 2009. for some reason. and achieving a resultant product that is surprisingly similar to wood. Makigami uses cylindrical and other objects as guides. The question is: is there another way we can maintain our standard of living and protect the environment at the same time? Perhaps there is. As you complete the projects in this book you should think about other possible projects. chopsticks. not rolled). There is much to discover in this new craft. In this book I have included descriptions of how to make fine. whether that is in the form of beautiful creations. no one took the next step. My Intention in Publishing this Book After inventing Makigami I immediately considered patenting the material. I wanted them to consider using my material for products like toothbrushes. But until now. I contacted major companies like Bic.Origami Bonsai Accessories It could be argued that this rise in the use of plastic as the primary material for manufacture resulted in a much higher standard of living. Gillette. but also included are instructions for making more useful and common items. making those sticks thicker. and could not find any references to the rolling of paper by this method. paper is cut into strips and then saturated in a special solution. Revisiting an Old Material During the 1. Manufacturers have been working with plastics for years. adding a few ingredients to the saturating solution. as well as universities like MIT. and all disposable consumer products. Certainly there were attempts at something similar. While these guides may reflect the final shape of the finished product. and perhaps your creation will result in widening the appeal of Makigami. they know how to make virtually anything from them. with examples that include cotton swabs and lollipop sticks (which are actually twisted paper. Plastics are poured into molds. I did a significant amount of research. no one ever saturated paper with a liquid and rolled it. They have no interest in pursuing a material that will cost them millions in development efforts. The process for making Makigami is simple.
I believe that recycling efforts will intensify. Cornstarch: Any brand of dry cornstarch will be fine. We use wire cutters to trim our creations prior to painting them. there are some newspapers that vary the weight of their paper. specialty materials and have little interest in researching a simple material like Makigami designed for widespread use. Buy a large container of it. Our planet faces environmental challenges that threaten the existence of all species. will be rediscovered. This book has been written as a basic manual for building virtually anything from paper. Wire Cutters: Makigami is too strong for scissors. and that materials like paper. Do not try to use deep cookie sheets (with a taller lip) as this will interfere with the rolling process. These will be used to saturate the newspaper prior to rolling. You will find “building blocks” in each chapter. And just like mathematical theorems. allowing future generations to create virtually anything they need from paper. This becomes quite frustrating during the rolling process. red. Be advised. black. You will not need a lot of it. they can be combined. These colors will be mixed to create green and various other shades. Nylon Stockings: You should buy a few pairs of nylon stockings. Sheets on the outside of sections will be of a heavier grade than sheets on the inside. and use it to create a new generation of easily recyclable consumer products. which has a carbon‐negative footprint and can be repeatedly recycled. My hope is that people involved in the development of plastic products find it. We use these to attach Makigami strips to oddly shaped molds. Newspaper: Virtually any newspaper will work. Paint Brush: Purchase a paint brush that is about one inch wide. These building blocks are highlighted like theorems of a mathematics textbook. Acrylic Paint: You will need large containers of white. What you Will Need: Wood Glue: I use a waterproof wood glue.Origami Bonsai Accessories like MIT are busy developing much stronger. In the coming years perhaps this will change. Hot Melt Glue Gun and Glue Sticks: You’ll need a standard hot melt glue gun and a bunch of glue sticks. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 6 . This means that some newspapers will require that you regroup the differently weighted pages. Try to use the same weight of paper in each project. blue and yellow acrylic paints. Trays: You will need two cookie sheets that have less than a one inch lip.
folds the sheet into quarters. it is important that I define a piece of newsprint. The molds we will use in this book include: a closet clothes hanger bar. These items will not be damaged during the molding process and can be returned to their normal uses after the Makigami dries. Half‐pages of newsprint will not be used in this work. an American football. and some tumblers (glasses).Origami Bonsai Accessories Molds: Many household items can be used as molds for Makigami. one sheet of newsprint shall be defined as one double‐sided sheet of paper which corresponds to four pages of a newspaper. a large deep cooking pan. and the quarter fold. which is performed after the half fold. Definition of Terms for Newsprint In order to properly convey instructions. The half‐fold folds the sheet in half. For the purposes of this book. Page 7 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Each sheet of newsprint has two folds.
These shallow tapered stems are useful for making trees and various accessories. You will find that double‐ended tapered Makigami strips tend to rip in half during the rolling process. Narrow Constant Taper Makigami strips with narrow constant taper mimic the stems of vines and some fast‐growing trees. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 8 . Below are the basic types of tapers I will use in this book. with the exception of double‐ended taper and bulging taper. so you might want to bookmark or fold down the corner of this page so you can refer back to it. while applying extra pressure. Each taper has a corresponding technique for rolling. allows thicker bulging strips to be rolled successfully. Bulging tapered strips have a slightly different problem. Most of the taper types below can be made thicker by adding additional sheets of newsprint cut to the same size and shape. Different types of taper are defined below. Each picture shows a cut piece of newsprint and the corresponding Makigami shape it produces. additional sheets tend to ripple on the edges of the bulge. You will learn rolling techniques for each type of taper as they are used later in this book. You will learn that tapers have different applications which can add tremendous visual impact to your creations. Repeated rolling.Origami Bonsai Accessories Different Types of Taper One of the most powerful aspects of the Makigami art form is the ability to create various types of taper. No Taper Taper‐less strips have many applications and are the easiest to make.
but quickly becomes narrow. Page 9 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories Thick Constant Taper This is the type of taper you find among slow‐growing trees. so pay special attention to the rolling technique. and stays narrow for a long time. I’ve found this taper to be useful for coiling Makigami discs like the ones I use for mushroom caps. Bulging Taper Strips with bulging taper can be used for mushroom stems. Exponential Decay Taper This type of taper starts out thick. This shape is useful for all types of Makigami projects. I suspect they will be useful in the creation of bonsai planters that transition from narrow to wide and then narrow again. Double‐Ended Taper This double‐ended taper shape is useful for creating Makigami bowls and other types of sculpture. but they could also be used to make paper buttons. Only recently developed. I have just begun to think about applications for bulging taper Makigami strips. The strip shown was made using several sheets of newsprint cut into the same shape. It’s a bit harder to roll.
instead it must be rolled perpendicular to the longest fibers. The paper was almost transparent. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 10 . as shown by the arrow. The paper was composed of extremely long fibers (I believe it was cotton). and I could see smaller fibers perpendicular to the longer fibers. however there are other papers made from different plants. I should have cut a small piece and tested its rolling properties before I started the project. It is virtually impossible to roll this paper in the direction of the fibers. Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper. I was wrong and wasted a large amount of it (pictured above). and looked more like cloth than paper. I decided to make some Makigami strips from the paper and learned a lot in the process. but I didn’t.. The long fibers were mostly parallel (aligned in the same direction). Recently a friend of mine traveled to India where he stumbled upon some odd paper and bought it for me.Origami Bonsai Accessories Fiber Orientation within Different Papers Papers like newsprint are most commonly made from trees. I assumed the paper would roll more easily by rolling against the long fibers. A close‐up (left) reveals the fibers which flow horizontally across the paper.
A jagged tear is an indication that you’re tearing against the fibers. brown color. The blue paper became an interesting shade of green. either horizontally or vertically. Also. I do not think they would make good branches or planters. Tear a piece of newsprint. the purple paper became a soft. The rolling rule. I used a yellow Makigami solution.Origami Bonsai Accessories This actually makes sense when you consider the finished strip. the strips above are far more flexible than I am used to. the individual layers of paper separated. and observe how it tears. Page 11 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . The resulting Makigami strips are pictured on the next page. I cut the sheets keeping in mind that I would be rolling them perpendicular to the longest fibers. I wish I had more of this paper to experiment with.” holds true for newsprint even though we can’t see the individual fibers. but based on my experience I do not recommend using long fiber papers for Makigami. I re‐cut my remaining pieces of the Indian paper. We can easily test the newsprint to determine the proper rolling direction by tearing a piece of it. When mixed with the yellow liquid. the individual fibers become tightly packed and run from the narrow tip of the strip all the way to the other end. Using this paper. In thicker areas. however there might be a different use for them. After being unable to roll the sheets pictured on the previous page. “roll perpendicular to the longest fibers. The properties of this paper were very different from newsprint. Note the direction of the clean tear. a clean tear suggests you’re tearing parallel to the fibers. and then roll perpendicular to it.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is some long tapered Makigami “grass” I made from long fiber paper Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 12 .
because they attach like paperclips. but highlighted with glimmers of hope. My early experiments with the material were attempts at forcing it to do things it could not. changing my ideas so that they fit its capabilities. These charms are durable enough that they can be worn. campaigns. I use un‐tapered Makigami in virtually every project I create. Badges are an excellent example of an application where Makigami can replace metal and plastic. I tried to mold tight 180 degree turns and complex shapes. Makigami Charms and Little Things My early days with Makigami were filled with frustration. You will also learn to make badges. not my will. and that I had to learn to work with the material. I soon realized that I was not working with plastic. so they won’t persist in the environment for hundreds of years. You will learn to use this material to make charms with interesting patterns inside.Origami Bonsai Accessories 2. or to make statements or express feelings. as this is the material most useful for branchlets upon which I attach leaves. They can be used as prizes for competitions. In this chapter I revisit the un‐tapered version of the material that I used in the early days. I believe Makigami badges are superior to plastic and metal badges. This is the best way to teach its manufacture. Badges are useful items. Page 13 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . and they’re eco‐friendly. they don’t damage clothing.
four inch wide pieces of paper. 2. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 14 . The folded center piece can be put in your recycling bin. Rotate and cut one of the sheets approximately four inches from its outer edge. As a general rule. all printed on one sheet of paper. so the first step is to remove the quarter‐fold from the middle of the sheet. folded in half. 3. 1. This helps keep both sheets of paper aligned while I make the cuts. I’m holding the fold in my left hand. Your sheet will look like this once you’ve made the cuts. Use a pair of scissors to make two cuts parallel to the fold approximately ¼ inch away from it.Origami Bonsai Accessories Making Makigami Charms We start with one full sheet of newsprint. Notice that I am cutting while holding the half‐fold. so I’ll be creating two. The larger pieces should be approximately equal in size and will be made up of two plies of paper. you should never use previously folded areas of newsprint. One full sheet of newsprint corresponds to four numbered pages from a newspaper.
7. 6. You will now have eight almost identical pieces of paper.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Cut four of the strips from step 5 above in half lengthwise. Cut the remaining sheet from step 1 in the same manner. This will be sufficient to complete both projects presented on the pages that follow. 5. Page 15 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . This allows you to accurately cut two more strips that are the same size as the previous ones. Hold the remaining (from step 2) piece of paper over the strips you already cut. You will now have four wide and eight narrow strips of paper.
to do it.Origami Bonsai Accessories Introduction to Makigami Now I will introduce you to the first Makigami rolling solution presented in this book. we saturate a piece of newsprint with a special solution. I prefer this newer recipe. paintbrush. Basically. If you understand how the process works you’ll have an easier time mastering it. If you have been using the Makigami recipe from my second book. As we continue to roll the paper strip. The final consistency should be similar to un‐ whipped cream. What is important is that you develop a feel for the material and begin to identify successfully rolled strips. the solution squeezes out of the pulp in the paper. their source. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 16 . this internal sliding causes the strip to become narrower and more densely packed with layers of paper. Initially this seems impossible. between 60°F and 80°F. you should note that this recipe produces a thicker Makigami solution. the paper has to slide over itself for the process to work. but also for making branches for Origami Bonsai trees. not just for making projects in this book. Advanced Origami Bonsai. and how to avoid them. This means that you should not use warm water in your solution unless you plan to allow it to cool prior to using it. Makigami gains its strength from layers of paper that are tightly rolled around each other. along with light force from our hands. In general this solution produces Makigami strips that have two to four times the tensile strength of those using the original recipe. Basic Makigami Recipe Building Block 2: 16 Parts Water All Makigami rolling 1 Part Wood Glue solutions must contain at 1 Part Acrylic Paint – any color least one ingredient that In a clean jar combine the ingredients and mix with a acts as a lubricant. This is a friction‐abundant environment. For this chapter’s projects the quality of your rolling is not important. During each step of the rolling process I will list problems that may occur. It is extremely important that you become able to identify the difference between a successfully rolled Makigami strip and a defective one. This forms a slippery layer within the Makigami strip that allows the paper inside the rolled strip to slide. As we roll the wet newsprint. Makigami is temperature sensitive and must be at room temperature. but we use various physical properties.
Put one of the larger pieces of newsprint on top of the solution you spread in step 1 and then add more solution. We start with the larger pieces of paper. To do this. 2. use the bristles of your paintbrush to lift the paper off the tray. to completely saturate the paper.Origami Bonsai Accessories How to Roll Makigami Strips You will need a one inch wide paintbrush. 1. but less paint builds up on them and they allow you a little better grip when rolling. Page 17 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . You’ll need to flip your paper to ensure it gets completely saturated. 3. I also recommend putting on latex gloves. spreading as above. Spread a coat of Makigami solution on your tray with a soft brush. Latex gloves not only keep the paint off your hands.
You will end up with a loosely wrapped tube. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 18 . After flipping. 7. folded edge. Visually inspect your sheet to confirm that it is completely saturated with solution. add a little more solution and use your brush to remove any air bubbles trapped under the paper. 6. Then use your brush to flatten the fold.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Use your brush to lift the bottom. Make sure there are no air bubbles under the fold. 5. With only light pressure. slowly roll the paper up onto itself. Use your brush to lift the bottom edge of paper off the pan and then fold it up. Curl it so it forms a tube across the bottom.
Once the strip is rolled as tight as it will get. 9. Applying light pressure. pick it up. and then roll it again. Roll the Makigami strip a few more times to get as much moisture out of it as possible. Roll the rest of your bigger sheets following the same procedure. After a few repetitions of rolling. Page 19 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Long Strokes . roll the tube to the end of the pan. in the same direction. As the tube narrows. This will reduce drying time. It will become a solid strip. 10. You’re done rolling when the top edge of paper is no longer visible. apply more pressure. you will notice that the tube becomes narrower. apply more pressure.Origami Bonsai Accessories 8. 11.
2.Origami Bonsai Accessories Now roll the smaller pieces of paper into narrower strips in the same manner. 6. The narrower the strips of paper. 1. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 20 Long Strokes . 4. 3. 5. the more challenging they are to roll. You will eventually develop this skill to the point where you can roll strips that have the same thickness as angel hair pasta.
The larger is a tube you will find in almost every closet in your home. The narrower cylinder is a ¼ inch dowel I bought at my local hardware store. closely parallel to itself.Origami Bonsai Accessories Molding Makigami Strips We started the rolling process with strips that would become the thickest for a reason: they take longer to dry. Building Block 3: Makigami strips will retain whatever shape they have been molded into. 1. Now we’ll use masking tape to attach the strips to molds. you hang clothes hangers on it. Wrap the strip tightly around the tube. Page 21 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . You will need to find some long. You should always begin this way. Use masking tape to attach one end of a thicker strip to the clothes hanger tube. 2. cylindrical objects around your house. In this example I use two such objects. If you roll the thinnest strips first they might become too dry before they are attached to the molds.
Attach a piece of masking tape to the tube. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 22 . as shown. Repeat this process for any other thick strips you may have rolled. Attach several of them to the narrower cylinder (the ¼ inch dowel I mentioned before) at an angle. It will end up looking a bit like a barber’s pole.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Wrap the strips around the dowel maintaining the distance between previous wraps. 5. Tear some of your masking tape in half for the narrower strips. and then across the Makigami strip to secure the other end. 4.
We will want some straight. so put some of them on a flat surface and allow them to dry.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. 5. Makigami strips. narrow. Page 23 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Tape the other end(s) to the dowel and allow to dry.
This includes strips that are as thick as one inch in diameter. These small pieces of metal will cause your strips to catch fire in a microwave. I consider my truck a “solar oven” for curing my Makigami. but it smolders at a much lower temperature. and they’re usually dry by early afternoon. you’ll never get the smoky smell out of it. into direct sunlight inside the car. It will take approximately 12 hours for the thicker strips to dry. attached to their molds. put the strips in my truck. Paper burns at 451 degrees Fahrenheit (233 degrees C). which contain recycled paper. and allow your strips to dry inside your home. about four hours for the narrower ones.Origami Bonsai Accessories Drying Makigami Strips It is best to be patient. If your Makigami smolders. I roll my Makigami in the early morning. Once dry.” you may have a disaster on your hands. It wastes a tremendous amount of energy and is hazardous. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 24 . Within this recycled content there are often flakes of foil or metal from staples that got recycled along with the paper. any paper that didn’t adhere properly to the strip can be trimmed off. depending on the temperature and humidity of your home. Using an oven to dry Makigami turns an environmentally friendly art form into a global warming mess. Never attempt to dry Makigami in a microwave oven. from newspapers. Even if you set your oven to “warm. Drying time will be greatly reduced using this method. If you wish to reduce the drying time you can park your car in the sun and move your Makigami strips. You shouldn’t use your oven either. We use newsprint. I try to time my Makigami projects to correspond with sunny days.
so here’s how it’s done: 1. 3.Origami Bonsai Accessories Removing Strips When Dry Most strips are easy to remove. simply pull off the masking tape and slide the strips off. 2. Tear inner piece of masking tape at overlap. Slide ring off cylinder. Remove outer piece of masking tape. Page 25 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . The thicker strips we made for the outer ring of charms are harder to remove.
overlapped piece. and simultaneously the adjacent tier to create a circle (see next image). Cut this. 2. use wire cutters to cut the strips approximately 1/8th inch from the end. Cut a second circle from the remaining. Now you will have one Makigami circle and one with overlap.Origami Bonsai Accessories In order to make charms we need a circular loop. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 26 . Each thicker Makigami strip can be cut into two loops to make two charms. 1. 3. Because the quality of the Makigami strip tends to vary at its ends.
We need to bend the Makigami strips to be perfect circles. 1. 2. You’ll need your glue gun and a glue dish if you’ve got one. the strip was molded. Page 27 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . to the right. In this example.Origami Bonsai Accessories Assembling Makigami Charms I will now show you how to construct a rudimentary charm from the Makigami strips you have created. and therefore naturally bends. Bend the strip roughly three times as far to the left as it is molded to the right. There are many shapes and patterns that can be made in this manner. you should allow your creativity to flow. Even though I illustrate how to create a very simple peace symbol.
Building Block 4: Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. After bending. the strip should naturally center. Open the strip and apply a small amount of hot melt glue to the end. 4. Close the strip and apply a small amount of pressure as the hot melt glue sets. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 28 .Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. 5.
for as many circles as you may have. again considering the curve of the circle you’re going to attach it to. 2. Page 29 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Now we’ll make a small loop at the top of the circle which allows it to hang from a string or necklace. Make the first cut so it will attach smoothly to the circle.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. starting from step one. Now cut the other end of the semi‐circle. Smooth the glued connection with the hot tip of your glue gun. Cut a semi‐circle out of the strip. 1. Do this by looking down the strip so you can see the curl. Repeat. We use the narrower Makigami strip that was looped repeatedly around the ¼ inch dowel. thinking about the curve of the circle you made in the previous section.
So it fits properly on the Makigami circle you’ve already created. Dip the ends of the semi‐circle in hot melt glue. 5. 4. 6. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 30 . Bend the semicircle…….Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Attach the semi‐circle to the circle on either side of the previously glued connection. You may need to trim the semi‐circle a bit to get a good fit.
narrow Makigami strips for this. 2. Use the hot tip of your glue gun to make the connections smooth. and four shorter ones to form a peace sign.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. Page 31 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Cut two longer pieces. Simple Internal Assemblies for Charms We’re going to mount a peace sign inside our charm. Use wire cutters to cut longer pieces of the straight and narrow Makigami strip. straight pieces of Makigami.” This means we’ll need one long and two short. 1. A peace sign is fundamentally an upside down “Y. We use the straight. Repeat from step 1 for any additional circles you may have.
Glue a second short strip to form a “Y.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Trim the long strip first. you can always shorten more after a cut. 4. but you cannot make it longer after it has been cut. Page 32 . Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Building Block 5: You can cut a Makigami strip shorter. Glue one short strip to one long strip at an angle.” 5. but you can’t re‐lengthen a Makigami strip. Think about how the upside down “Y” will be centered within the circle. Remember.
and a lot more glue. If you make a mistake it’s easy to create a new. Make extra strips and don’t worry about mistakes! 7.” Building Block 6: Makigami is cheap and easy to recycle. better “Y. Dip the tips of the two shorter pieces of the peace sign in glue and……. Remember. Now trim the shorter strips so they fit inside the circle. you have a lot more of the straight Makigami strip to work with.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Page 33 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Make sure your upside down “Y” fits within the circle. 8.
Glue the remaining end to the inside of the circle. 11. 10. Repeat these steps for as many peace signs you intend to make. resulting in your assembly falling apart.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. Use the hot tip of your glue gun to make all glued connections smooth. and then return to the first to allow cooling in between. Be careful not to heat the glue too hot. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 34 . then move to another. 12. attach them to the inside of the circle. Smooth one side of one connection.
simultaneously smooth and rough looking material.Origami Bonsai Accessories 13. Page 35 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Notice the odd. If you wish. Paint your peace signs with a generous coat of the mixture. thinner coat of a different color. Drying your charms on aluminum foil will avoid problems that arise on other surfaces. I painted my charms with a final coat of pink which resulted in this funky. 14. peace‐sign color. In this example I’m using red and blue so I’ll end up with purple peace signs. 15. This look is unique to Makigami. Mix some acrylic paint and wood glue. Paper will stick to the glue/acrylic paint mixture and ruin the finish. when the first coat is dry you can add a second.
a narrow ring. 1. and will be for another 450 years. or use a piece of string. like campaign buttons. The finished button will be a little bit larger than the diameter of the tube you use. and a circle of printed paper. In this section I illustrate how to make buttons. In this example I use the same clothing hanger tube I used in the previous one. They can be used to acknowledge achievements. that can be recycled in your paper recycling bin. All these buttons have one thing in common ‐ the vast majority ended up in landfills. and to communicate virtually anything you can think of in an environmentally friendly way. Use a long twist tie. they will biodegrade in less than three months. or twist a group of bread ties together. A little ingenuity along with an eco‐friendly material results in a solution to an environmental problem ‐ without sacrificing utility. Measure the circumference of the tube upon which you plan to mold your buttons. Bend the twist tie at the two inch overlap point as a marker. nor will they draw blood like the pins on old‐style buttons. more recent buttons combine metal and plastic. Wrap it around your tube allowing it to overlap itself by about two inches. they won’t damage what they’re attached to. so the wider the tube the larger the button.Origami Bonsai Accessories Making Clip‐on Buttons Over the years we’ve had thousands of elections for which millions of campaign buttons were made. they’re all still there. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 36 . as trophies for contests. Initially made from metal. These are three part buttons which consist of a clip ring. and they’re not just for campaigns. This is the length of Makigami we need to make each button. Because metal and plastic degrade slowly. Because they clip on to clothing. 2. This is a good example the versatility of Makigami. like a paper clip. If exposed to the elements. These buttons are easy to make and useful.
Use the twist tie you made in step 2 to cut the newsprint to the proper length. 6. 5. Cut a sheet of newsprint in half in the long direction. Cut the fold off the half it’s attached to. Page 37 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . starting the diagonal cut approximately one inch from the bottom edge and cutting all the way to the fold. You should now have a stack of newsprint pieces that are the correct length. See step 7 (after the cut) if this seems confusing. Fold them in half and cut them diagonally. 4.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Each piece represents one button.
Roll all your strips. Also cut some narrow strips (2 inches wide). Roll half as many of these as you roll double‐tapered strips. Double‐tapered strips like the ones we made in steps 1 through 7 require a different movement when rolling. Your newsprint pieces should look like this. like the ones used in the previous project. Short Strokes Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 38 . 10. I rolled four double‐tapered strips and two long narrow ones. Use smaller. 9. This will be enough material to make four buttons. 8.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. Long pushes will result in the strip tearing at its thickest point. short pushes of your fingertips rather than long ones.
Attach the strips to the same mold you used to measure.Origami Bonsai Accessories 11. Page 39 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories The fun part of making buttons is deciding what to put on them. If you used a clothes hanger rod to mold your strips you’ll get two narrow rings of the correct diameter from each one.” This means that we can cut our rings slightly larger. Finding a tube of this diameter would be a challenge. This will leave a gap between the clip‐on ring and the narrow ring that we’ll need. Cut the narrow rings so they fit around the clip‐on rings with about 1/32 of an inch to spare. but luckily building block four says “Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. We need a lot of extra space so glue won’t end up on the face of our buttons. Once dry. In a perfect world we would have had a second tube of slightly greater diameter than the clothes hanger rod we’re using. but I’m cutting the narrow ring about 1/8th of an inch too long. You can make buttons from magazines. or create your own designs in graphic programs. Cut your designs into circles that are about an inch greater in diameter than your clip‐rings. because we’re securing them within the button. It’s hard to see here. 1. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 40 . 2. Here are four button designs I’m going to use in this section. and bend them into circles. remove your Makigami strips from the mold. web photos.
You also need a small paintbrush with short bristles. If the glue gets spread beyond the edge it might end up on the face of the button. 3. Use a glossy magazine to protect your work surface. 5. Spread the mixture on your button circle. Page 41 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . We want the outer margin of the circle to become damp.Origami Bonsai Accessories This picture shows the desired gap between the narrow ring and the clip‐on ring. 4. Bend the narrow ring so that it forms as perfect a circle as possible. Mix wood glue with a small amount of water in a cup. but try not to spread the glue over the edge. It should be fairly thick mixture.
6. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 42 . Use your paintbrush to lift the outer edge and fold it along the narrow ring towards the center of the button.Origami Bonsai Accessories The narrow ring is held flat against the work surface for steps 6 and 7. This technique has many applications beyond making buttons. Pinch it into place being sure to support the front of the button with your index fingers. 7. For example. Insert the clip‐on ring into the middle. paper sun catchers (circles of stained glass) can be made in the same manner but with larger rings. but if you push too hard without supporting the other side you will tear the paper. You want to press and compact the paper into the inner edge of the narrow ring. Use your fingers to secure the narrow ring while you do this. 8. As you gain more experience you can make buttons specifically designed to attach to collars versus lapels. Press down hard with your paintbrush along the inner edge of the narrow ring. When you insert the clip‐on ring you should consider where the top of the pin will end up when someone is going to wear it. It is important to seat the clip‐on ring properly. Lift and fold in this manner for the entire circumference of the circle.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 43 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
I use this type of planter when I make chess sets. This method for making planters is particularly useful when you plan to make more than one planter of the same design. I make a large number of strips. cut them down to standard sizes. I have used this technique in many of my works. and then assemble them into tiny planters upon which Origami Bonsai chess pieces will be mounted. It is easy to make a large number of identical planters using this technique. Simple Planters We will now use some of the skills we learned in the previous chapter to make planters.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. While the process for making and molding the Makigami strips is simple. assembling them can be a challenge. Un‐tapered strips of Makigami will be molded and assembled into basic. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 44 . but beautiful planters.
I would like to cut the sheets in half. so I hold the fold in my left hand while looking at the sheets I just cut. Combine the sheets. 3. Page 45 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . so I’ll make my first cut slightly further than in half because I’m going to cut the fold off in the next step. I want all the sheets to have the same width. 2. but can’t because I don’t want to use the fold (in my left hand in the picture). Start with two pages of newsprint folded in half. Put the fold in your recycling bin. This tells me where to cut the fold off.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. Cut the quarter‐fold out of the sheets as shown here.
wide pot to use as a mold. Each piece of tape needs to be at least six inches long. so I’ll allow them to dry straight. the less likely it is to come unstuck. Two of the strips will be used on the bottoms of the planters. I now have 16 sheets for making Makigami strips. The longer your piece of tape. cut approximately one inch longer than your strips. You will also need a piece of cloth. 6. I will mold 14 of the strips. The remaining folds can be put in the recycling bin.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. They should be attached approximately one quarter inch from the edges. As the strips dry there is a tendency for the tape to detach. 5. Attach four pieces of masking tape to the cloth. we can compensate when we do the assembling. and one inch wider than the combined width of your strips. Find a large. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 46 . but you may want to make them even longer. Roll the strips according to the instructions on page 16. But even if it does come loose and your strips don’t mold evenly.
Carefully run your hands over the cloth. pressing the strips against the mold. Arrange your strips evenly and balance them on top of the mold. Make sure the tape is secure before proceeding to the next step. Place the cloth with tape on it on top of the strips. 8.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. Page 47 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . and then pressing the tape against the mold. 9.
Add a piece of tape to the other side just as you did in step 11. 12. and pulling on the free end while simultaneously pressing on the tape which is attached to the cloth.Origami Bonsai Accessories 10. one at a time. Tighten the pieces of tape by lifting them up. Your cloth will develop a loose area between the two pieces of tape. 11. and then tighten it as you stick it to the mold. Add another long piece of tape to the loose area. Attach it to the cloth first. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 48 .
They should be dry in an hour or two. 13. Don’t worry if the tape comes unstuck.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here’s a picture of the right side of my mold. attached to the mold. we can compensate for any difference in molding when we do the assembly. And the left side. To reduce drying time you can put your strips. in a hot sunny car to dry. Page 49 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
The tips of Makigami strips tend not to roll properly.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. 16. Inspect your strips to confirm they are dry. remove it. If they feel cold then moisture is still evaporating from them and they should be left in a sunny location to dry completely. When the cloth feels dry. They should feel slightly warm to the touch. so you should cut approximately 1/8th inch off both ends of each strip Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 50 . Warning: Makigami strips that are cold to the touch while assembled will warp after assembly. 15.
I call the sculpture pictured at the right “Sole Survivor” because it looks windswept and has only one flower. You can use a previously cut strip as a guide for cutting the other strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 17. It is mounted in a planter similar to those we make in this chapter. Cut each Makigami strip in half. Page 51 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Assembly of a Flat‐Curved Planter 1. You may notice that their curves differ slightly. This is common. and can be resolved by carefully bending the less‐curved strip to match the more‐curved strip. Makigami strips can be bent slightly to conform to a design. The difference between bending a strip and breaking one is only slight. 2. . Use your fingers to gently bend the strip slightly in the direction you need. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 52 Building Block 7: Once dry. You must perform this step with each Makigami strip as your assembly progresses. When you feel the strip begin to bend immediately reduce your pressure on it. Compare the curves of two of your cut Makigami strips.
4. If you did. 5. Page 53 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Assemble the first two strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Compare the curves again to confirm that you didn’t over or under bend the strip. Use a small paintbrush to apply a bead of glue all along one side of one of the strips. return to step one.
Bend the strip if necessary before applying glue.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. Wet a larger brush with water and use it to wipe off excess glue on the outside of the assembly’s curve. 8. Prepare a third strip to be added to the assembly by comparing its curve to that of the assembly. 7. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 54 . Rinse the brush in water and wipe off the excess glue on the inside of the curve.
Notice that the curve is not perfect. Here is my assembly with four strips. This will become almost invisible when the planter is painted. Allow the glue to dry for at least four hours before proceeding to the next step. Page 55 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is my assembly with three strips. Here is my completed assembly with 9 strips.
Origami Bonsai Accessories
We will now add a curve to each end of the assembly by trimming the ends of each Makigami strip. 9. Draw an arc on both ends of your assembly. 10. Cut one half of the arc with wire cutters. Notice that I have the angled blades of the wire cutter facing away from the assembly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 56
Origami Bonsai Accessories
11. Flip the assembly over and draw the arc on the back side. 12. Trim the assembly on the line you made in step 11. Again notice that I have the angled blades of the cutter facing away from the assembly. In step 10 I was trimming the assembly on the concave side of the curve, in step 12 I’m trimming on the convex side of the curve. This combination; trimming with the angled blades of the wire cutter facing away from the assembly, and trimming the first half of the curve on the concave side, and the second half on the convex side, allows the pressure applied by the wire cutters to be absorbed by the discarding trimming rather than the assembly. If you attempt to cut any other way, the pressure of your blades will be partially absorbed by the assembly. When the assembly absorbs the force it results in splits, gaps, and cracks. Page 57 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
Repeat steps 9 through 11 on the other side of the assembly. When complete, your assembly should look like this. 12. We will now add two “legs” to our assembly. Trim the ends off the unmolded Makigami strip you made. 13. Hold the unmolded strip against the assembly and cut the first leg leaving a gap between its ends and the outside of the assembly. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 58
adjust the legs. Use the legs to support the assembly. either outward or inward. Confirm that the ends of the assembly are at the same height. You don’t want the center of the assembly touching the top of your work surface as this reduces the appeal of the finished planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. You also want to make sure that the legs are sufficiently close to the center of the assembly. 15. If they’re not. Use the leg you cut in step 13 to measure cutting a second leg. You should now have an assembly of strips and two legs. Page 59 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . until the height is equal.
Mark the position of each leg on the assembly. Transfer the marks made in step 16 to the bottom of the assembly.Origami Bonsai Accessories 16. Apply hot melt glue to one of the legs. 17. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 60 . 18.
Repeat this procedure with the second leg. Attach the leg to the bottom of the assembly at the point you marked. Page 61 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 19. Your planter should look like this.
rather than from one side to the other as we did in the flat‐curved planter. or it can be finished at an angle. and then to the other side of the center strip. The shallow‐bowl planter can be completed with two legs just as the flat‐curved planter was. This planter is assembled much like a boat. I’m using one long stabilizing leg. with one long stabilizing leg. During assembly It is important that strips are added first to one side of the center strip. Rather than assembling each Makigami strip to create a flat surface. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 62 . I set the assembly on my work surface and slide a non‐ molded piece of Makigami underneath the back of it. In other words. I then cut the un‐molded strip to size. instead we start with a center strip. we assemble this planter from the center out. This creates a shallow bowl.Origami Bonsai Accessories Shallow Bowl Planter An alternative to the flat‐ curved planter is the shallow‐ bowl planter. Shown at right. from the keel outwards. Strips of Makigami are added to each side of the center at a slight upward offset.
add some hot melt glue to it. and return it into position.Origami Bonsai Accessories I remove the strip. Page 63 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Perhaps a word of caution ought to be added at this point. 50‐50 mixture of paint and wood glue. As you finish a project you will notice that the newspaper print is visible in your work. One coat of this mixture gets painted onto every surface of the work. like a spilled glass of water. foil. By painting your work with a good coat of wood glue and paint you will ensure that it will last a lifetime. and start to warp. waxed paper or the like to ensure you protect both yourself and the Makigami. as long as it’s not left soaking in liquid. If it gets exposed to a lot of moisture. The planters presented in this book would make excellent serving dishes for small appetizers like sushi. this seemingly random printing looks much like the swirling pattern of real wood. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 64 . as long as you provide a barrier between the Makigami and the food. it will be destroyed. Use something like a doily. From a distance.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. This is followed by either one or two coats of a diluted (with water) mixture of paint and wood glue. I would advise against this. You may be tempted to leave your work unpainted. they are also not approved for direct contact with food. Faux Wood Finishes What is the best feature of using recycled newspaper in Makigami? The answer might be that it’s been printed on. by all means do so. While the materials we use are not toxic. My faux finishes all start with a slightly diluted (with water). Unpainted Makigami will absorb moisture. even from the air. If you opt to serve food on your Makigami creations. In this chapter I will show you how to create various finishes that mimic the look of different varieties of wood. Always allow your work to dry for at least four hours between coats.
Make sure you carefully paint the ends of your planter. This mixture should be dilute enough that it will easily flow into cracks and crevises. To create a faux bamboo finish we begin with a coat of yellow acrylic paint mixed with wood glue and a small amount of water. Carefully paint every surface of your work.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Bamboo 1. I usually wear gloves for two reasons. but thick enough that it creates a bold color change in the work. secondly it keeps my fingerprints off what I’m painting. 2. The first is it keeps one hand (the one holding the work) clean. Page 65 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Unpainted areas will reduce the impact of your finished work.
3. Carefully inspect your planter for areas that you might have missed with paint. Run your brush over these areas. Now we add a coat of 50‐50 acrylic green paint mixed with wood glue which is then diluted with water. If it is cool to the touch it isn’t dry yet. and tops (often hidden from view by the planter) of the “legs” of the planter. Once you’ve finished painting the first coat you should allow your planter to dry for about four hours. similar to the thickness of heavy cream. and areas with pools of paint.Origami Bonsai Accessories Don’t forget to paint the ends. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 66 . This mixture should be quite thin. then set your planter down on a piece of aluminum foil and touch up the area where you had been holding it.
similar to the mixture you created in step 3. If you think the planter is too bright. Allow the planter to dry for at least four hours. As long as your mixture is sufficiently dilute you won’t lose the complexity that recycled newspaper adds to the overall look. If you wish. and then work it into the cracks and crevises of the planter. you can adjust the shade of your finished planter with additional coats of a 50‐50 mixture of acrylic paint and glue. Page 67 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. try using brown. with water to dilute. If you want a more aged‐looking bamboo. 5. Apply the mixture liberally at first. try using black acrylic paint.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 68 .
Then use your brush to remove any pooled paint. working it into cracks and crevises. Page 69 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 3. 2.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Oak 1. Apply the mixture liberally at first. paint your planter with a 50‐50 mixture of brown acrylic paint and wood glue. Start with a 50‐50 mixture of yellow acrylic paint and wood glue slighly diluted with water. Dilute the mixture with water until it is approximately the thickness of heavy cream. Once the first coat has dried.
picture above. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 70 . The faux oak finish. is my favorite.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Allow your planter to dry for at least four hours on aluminum foil.
Allow your planter to dry for at last four hours before the next step. Make sure you cover all areas with paint. and then dilute it with water until it is approximately as thick as heavy cream.Origami Bonsai Accessories Faux Redwood 1. Allow your planter to dry on aluminum foil for at least four hours. Paint all the surfaces of the planter with this mixture. 3. To create a faux redwood finish we begin with a 50‐50 mixture of red acrylic paint and wood glue slightly diluted with water. 2. Mix a 50‐50 mixture of acrylic brown and wood glue. Page 71 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
as sometimes the initial red coat of paint is too bright. If you would like a walnut finish. add a coat or two of 50‐50 black acrylic and wood glue. You may even want to add a fourth coat.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. diluted with water to the consistency of heavy cream. add a third of the same mixture. Once the second coat has dried. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 72 .
Origami Bonsai Accessories
5. Fractal Wave Planters
I must confess, I love these planters! A narrow, highly tapered and acutely curved tip rotates, widens, and becomes a wide shallow bowl. I discovered the process by which they are made completely by accident. I wanted to create a planter with more curves, but at the same time was having serious problems with assembly. It seemed that as a planter’s “curviness” increased, it’s assembly time increased exponentially. One day as I removed a planter from its mold I discovered that it stayed together. I stopped trying to take dry planters off the mold, and instead worked on reinforcing them so that they could be removed from the mold as a complete assembly. I developed a technique where glue diluted with water is painted onto dry Makigami strips while they are still on their mold. Since discovering this technique I’ve developed similar ones for other types of planters, presented later in this book. I think you will enjoy making these planters. It seems no one has seen anything like these designs before. Perhaps it would be best if we didn’t tell them how easy they are to make. You should read this entire chapter before attempting to make a fractal wave planter. There are common problems encountered during their creation that will cause you great frustration if you don’t know that they’re resolved in the end.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
You will need the following items to complete this project: Four pages of newsprint A pair of scissors An American‐style toy football Two clothespins Two long rubber bands One nylon stocking A pencil, wire cutters and hot melt glue gun. 1. Start by cutting the newsprint approximately an inch and a half from the fold. 2. Perform the same cut on the lower half of the newsprint. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 74
Origami Bonsai Accessories
3. Place the top and bottom “halves” of newsprint on top of each other, with their half‐ folds on top of each other. Cut a diagonal across all the sheets of newsprint. When cutting this diagonal remember that we will be cutting off the fold on the side closest in this picture. The distances marked by red arrows in the picture should be equal in the finished pieces. Review the pictures that follow for a clearer understanding. 4. Cut off the fold making sure the narrow ends are the same width as the narrow ends you cut in step 3 (narrow ends are marked by red arrows in step 3). 5. You should now have 16 sheets that will make up to 16 highly‐tapered Makigami strips. We won’t need all of these, but it’s good to have extras just in case you encounter problems rolling them. Page 75 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. flip. Use the bristles of your brush to lift the sheet and fold the leading edge up approximately one inch. For more detail. Curl the folded leading edge up. Wrap a long rubber band around the football. 8. We’ll use this to hold the Makigami strips temporarily as we roll them. 7. and begin to roll with light pressure. and saturate again. please see Chapter 2. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 76 . one piece of newsprint as described in Chapter 2. Saturate.
I am forming the rounded edge of my planter (discussed later). Increase the pressure of your rolling to wring out excess liquid. Page 77 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 11. Slip the thicker end of the strip under the rubber band. Notice that the tip of the first strip I rolled (middle) is further from the rubber band than the two subsequent strips. As you complete rolling strips. then go back to step 7 and roll the next strip. This is because it is tapered.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9. You will notice that the strip rolls in a bit of an arc. 10. slip them under the rubber band. Roll the Makigami strip just as you did in Chapter 2 (untapered).
which is enough for my planter. You can make a wider.Origami Bonsai Accessories 12. To keep it stable you can put it in a bowl. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 78 . I’ve made 11 strips in this example. 13. or narrower planter if you wish. As you add more strips. We’ll be using the foot for this project. your ball will become top heavy. but save the other piece of stocking as we will use it in other projects. Cut the foot off your nylon stocking. 14.
Don’t worry if your strips move around. 16. we’ll fix that in a later step. 17. Carefully press the wide area of your planter against the surface of the ball while at the same time bending the narrow area around the tip of the ball.Origami Bonsai Accessories 15. Carefully put the ball and strips into the stocking foot. Carefully remove the rubber band from inside the stocking. Page 79 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 80 . 20.Origami Bonsai Accessories 18. twist it to tighten the stocking around the ball. Attach a clothespin to hold the tightened stocking in place. Gather the loose open end of the stocking foot in your hand and…… 19.
If you’re satisfied. After you’ve pushed the strips into what seems like good alignment. 21. Page 81 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . We don’t want our finished product to look like this. Use your fingers to push the Makigami strips into desirable positions. take a look at the overall shape of the planter. set aside the work to dry for a day or two. 22.Origami Bonsai Accessories The positions of the Makigami strips pictured here are typical after the stocking has been tightened.
It’s important that the Makigami strips stay attached to the ball. Once the strips have dried. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 82 . Paint the Makigami strips with a mixture of three parts wood glue and one part water. Be extra careful near the ends of the Makigami strips. don’t worry. 24. If you have these gaps. it will be easily fixed in a later step. 25. Inspect your work.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. as that’s where the nylon tends to get stuck. carefully remove the stocking. Notice that I’ve got some long gaps in what I’d like to be a solid surface toward the top of the photograph.
It is this end that will hold the planter together when we remove it from the ball.Origami Bonsai Accessories 26. Be careful not to apply pressure to the planter. If it is hard to press on the ball. We want to remove the planter from the ball without causing it to fall apart. apply pressure to the ball with your thumbs around the planter. Please look at the next two pictures on the following page before attempting this step. You should hear the planter begin to come unstuck. Once your planter has dried you will need to mix some wood glue with a small amount of water. This extra amount of glue should ensure a successful removal. Paint an extra layer of the mixture on the narrow end of the planter. roughly the thickness of heavy cream. 27. Page 83 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . To do this. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. Also gather two clothespins and two rubber bands. release some air from it.
As the planter loosens there is a danger that it will fall. Once you’ve gotten the wide area released.Origami Bonsai Accessories Continue working your way around the planter. Set aside the ball. so hold it close to your work surface. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 84 . releasing it from the ball. work on the curly area.
Origami Bonsai Accessories If your planter is like mine there will be long gaps between some of the Makigami strips. Wrap the rubber bands around your work and then use the clothespins to tighten them. 29. Don’t try to close all the gaps. Some small gaps will remain. Page 85 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . but don’t squeeze too hard or you will collapse the planter. so don’t worry about them. Paint the areas of the planter that were facing the ball with a generous amount of the wood glue and water mixture. but they’ll be filled with glue and paint when you add a finish to your planter. I’ll show you an easy way to eliminate these. You can squeeze your planter’s gaps together to help the rubber bands close the biggest gaps. 28.
Also gather a pencil and wire cutters.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is a view of the other side of the planter. so I’m not worried about them. Allow your planter to dry for at least four hours. but they’ll be filled when I add a finish to the planter. Once your planter has dried. Remove the rubber bands and clothespins. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 86 . You can’t see some small gaps I was unable to close. Draw an arc across the wide end of your planter. 31. plug in your hot glue gun. 30.
as you don’t want the planter absorbing the force of your cut. Transfer your arc line to the bottom of the planter so you’ll know where to cut on the other strips. Page 87 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Cut the strips until you’re about half way across the wide edge of the planter. 34. Cut the rest of the Makigami strips across the line you made in step 34. Use your wire cutters to cut off the tips of the Makigami stems following the arc you drew in step 31.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. 33. this is important. Notice that the angled cutting blades are facing away from the planter in the picture.
Insert the strip under the planter. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 88 . If you’re planning to use it for a free‐standing sculpture you should complete the following steps. Here is another view. If you are going to use your planter for a wall‐mounted sculpture then you should paint it with a finish (see Chapter 4). at a point where the planter becomes stable.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your planter should look similar to this. Use a Makigami strip from a previous work (Chapter 3) to stabilize your planter. 35.
37. Apply hot melt glue to the strip. 36. Put your planter on a piece of newspaper and trace a line representing the wide end of the planter onto the newspaper. Then draw a dark line on the newspaper indicating the position of the Makigami strip you’re using to stabilize the planter. Lift the planter. leaving the stabilizing strip behind. Page 89 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories Here is another picture showing how I use a Makigami strip to stabilize my planter.
After I paint two coats of finish on my planter (here it’s faux oak which I’m going to follow with a coat of gray). Your planter should look similar to this. so I’m going to add a paper pebble (Advanced Origami Bonsai) to stabilize it. Place your planter back on top of the strip. Now refer to Chapter 4 to paint a finish on the planter. You can use a paper pebble. This planter tended to wobble. but before you paint the final coat of finish on it. or a small piece of Makigami. Use the tracing you made in step 37 to help orient the planter onto the stabilizing Makigami strip. I always check to see how stable it is. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 90 .Origami Bonsai Accessories 38. refer back here to the following steps. I’ve learned through experience to make my planters as stable as I possibly can.
Use a brush to apply some glue to both the pebble and the planter. Turn the planter over and apply glue around the pebble without moving it.Origami Bonsai Accessories 39. 41. Page 91 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 40. Position the pebble where it will eliminate any wobble the planter might have.
After I completed step 42 I discovered a little bit better spot. If it isn’t. so I moved it. go back to step 39. The glue will never be seen once I paint my planter with its final coat of finish. Set the planter back down and verify that the pebble is in the right spot.Origami Bonsai Accessories 42. Here’s another view of my pebble. hence the excess glue. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 92 .
which is not what I intended. wood glue and water was not dilute enough. I ended up with a putty colored planter.Origami Bonsai Accessories I thought a white‐wash look would be best for this planter. Because of the number of coats of paint I lost some of the color complexity. Luckily I can repaint it with the faux oak finish (pictured below). however the mixture of white acrylic paint. Page 93 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Some Examples of Fractal Wave Planters Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 94 .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 95 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 96 .
There is something about the natural curve. For wall mounted Origami Bonsai trees I attach the planter at an angle. They’re a little more work to make than the fractal wave planter. but they are actually quite durable because we use highly tapered Makigami strips to make them. The planter is thick and strong in the middle. They look like they were made from a piece of coconut shell. Shallow Tapered Planters The shallow tapered planter will probably become one of your favorites.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. These planters look fragile. combined with the taper and the narrowness of the surface that make these planters look special. but that’s not visible in the finished creation. I use this type of planter for both free standing and wall mounted sculptures. Notice the shallowness of the curve. but they have an elegant beauty. and how thin the edges appear to be. Page 97 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . It creates a beautiful. In free standing sculptures I add legs to the planter. dramatic look. or some similar natural material.
parallel to the half‐fold.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. We start with four pages of newsprint folded in half. 2. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 98 . keeping in mind that we’ll be cutting off the half‐ fold. Cut the half‐fold off. Separate your strips into pairs. If you’re confused. Cut one pair at the quarter‐fold. Once you’ve done this you should have eight strips of newsprint of the same width. look at the pictures that follow. and then quarter folded. 3. Cut the newsprint in half.
Page 99 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Cut a fourth pair ½ inch shorter than the third pair.Origami Bonsai Accessories 4. Cut the second pair approximately ½ inch shorter than the first pair. 6. Use the previous pair as a reference for cutting the next pair. 5. Cut a third pair ½ inch shorter than the second pair.
Origami Bonsai Accessories
7. Cut a fifth pair ½ inch shorter than the fourth pair. 8. Cut a sixth pair ½ inch shorter than the fifth pair. 9. Cut a seventh pair ½ inch shorter than the sixth pair.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
10. Cut the eighth pair ½ inch shorter than the seventh. 11. Arrange your strips so the right and bottom edges are even with each other. Start the cut approximately one inch from the bottom edge, at an angle of approximately 45 degrees. Your strips should look like this. Page 101 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
12. Next, align the left and bottom edges and cut the strips at a 45 degree angle starting about one inch from the bottom. You will notice that you’re shortening the smaller pairs. This is key to obtaining a taper on the edges of your planter. Your strips should look like this. 13. Wrap a long rubber band around a full‐sized American football, rugby ball, or other similarly shaped ball. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 102
As you finish each strip insert it under the rubber band. and cut it. Page 103 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Roll your newsprint into dual‐tapered Makigami strips (see Chapter 2). Arrange the strips such that the longest are in the middle.Origami Bonsai Accessories 14. Cut the double‐thickness top and the foot off a nylon stocking. 15. Inspect your spacing and adjust each strip so they look like the picture here. and shortest are on the outside. Gather the stocking as if you were going to put it on lengthwise. This will create one large piece of nylon. Start with the longest strips first. 16.
Notice that the ends of the Makigami strips have not yet been secured. Stretch the nylon stocking over one end of the ball and…. Place the stocking on top of your Makigami strips. 18.Origami Bonsai Accessories 17. Tighten the stocking such that the Makigami strips make contact with the surface of the ball. 19. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 104 . Secure this side with tape. We are just securing the middle of the planter. Tape the side of the stocking to the ball.
Page 105 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Allow them to dry overnight. you can use tape to secure it.Origami Bonsai Accessories 20. 21. If you can. tuck it under the rubber band. Tuck it underneath the rubber band. Do the same procedure with the other end of the nylon stocking. 22. If you can’t tuck it underneath. with as few gaps as possible. Align the Makigami strips so they are uniform.
. We paint the mixture through the stocking onto the assembly of strips. Your strips should look like this…… ..and this.Origami Bonsai Accessories 23. paint them with a mixture of wood glue and water that is approximately the thickness of heavy cream. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 106 .. After the strips have dried.
so you need to be careful. Pull the nylon in the opposite direction (from step 25) to free the other side of the assembly of strips. Pull the nylon stocking horizontally away from the ball to free one end of the assembly of Makigami strips. Page 107 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Be careful. 25. 26. Very carefully remove the tape securing the nylon stocking to the ball. Your planter is delicate at this point. and watch for tiny threads of nylon that get caught on the tips of the Makigami strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories 24.
Hold the assembly together as you paint it. Make sure you remove any excess with a dry brush.Origami Bonsai Accessories These planters are extremely delicate at this stage of their construction. 27. Paint another coat of wood glue diluted with water to the thickness of heavy cream. We will reattach strips and fix the long gap you see in this picture in the following steps. Keep the assembly on the ball. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 108 . I seldom make one that doesn’t partially come apart when I remove the stocking.
carefully apply pressure to the ball to release it. Your Makigami assembly should look like this. You may need to release some of the air from the ball to create the gaps necessary between the ball and the assembly to free it. 29. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. It is only the basic assembly and wide gaps that we’re worried about. Squeeze any wide gaps together with your fingers. Page 109 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . which I’ll fix in a step to follow. Once the assembly has dried. Notice that I still have narrow gaps. Inspect the assembly before you allow it to dry.Origami Bonsai Accessories 28.
If you’re making a free‐standing sculpture. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 110 . Apply some hot melt glue to one of the legs and attach it at the position you marked. Do the same with the second leg. skip to step 34. Use a pencil to mark the position of each leg. 31.Origami Bonsai Accessories 30.” If this planter is for a wall sculpture. Make a mark both on a piece of paper underneath the assembly and small marks on the assembly itself. cut some straight pieces of Makigami corresponding to the width of your planter to act as “legs. 32.
Page 111 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . the ends of the legs are exactly two Makigami‐strips from the outer edge of the planter. 34. Your planter should look like this. Once you have become comfortable with making planters you can apply the clamps with your first coat of finish (see Chapter 4).Origami Bonsai Accessories 33. In this picture. Close the smaller gaps by painting with a mixture of wood glue and water and then applying rubber band and clothespin clamps as we did in Chapter 5. Trim the legs if necessary.
but I prefer this look.Origami Bonsai Accessories After a coat of brown. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 112 . followed by two coats of black (see Chapter 4) I have a beautiful faux walnut planter. I could have trimmed the tips of the Makigami strips at an angle to achieve a more rounded edge.
Notice how this perspective reveals the complexity of the planter to the viewer.Origami Bonsai Accessories Some Examples of Shallow Tapered Planters This sculpture “grows” from a planter that is mounted at an angle. Page 113 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 114 .Origami Bonsai Accessories This sculpture is both free standing and wall mountable. It casts dramatic shadows when wall‐mounted and lit from below.
I discovered that chopsticks are subject to large forces of compression between the fingers. we need a new. I could use my techniques to make something that looked and felt like a chopstick. I needed something to act as a filler. I wondered if I could make Makigami chopsticks. and then caused indentations in the Makigami. Chopsticks have long been a target of environmentalists. and immediately tried making some. She suggested that I needed a starch to act as a stiffener.Origami Bonsai Accessories 7. She is a museum conservator and preservationist. and this new tax was aimed at curbing the use of disposable wooden chopsticks. She suggested corn starch. While paper has been used as a material for making plates. but the invention is ready should the world need it. I turned to my cousin. causing it to bend. of the Carnegie Institute. Page 115 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . and eventually break. In order to apply our techniques to these applications. These forces compressed. so indentations could not occur. it has never been used to make durable household items and jewelry. this new version of Makigami creates durable products that can be worn. or used daily. and it worked! My Makigami chopsticks have yet to be mass‐produced. In March of 2006 the Chinese government introduced a five percent tax on wooden chopsticks. When I read this. but also an expert in glues and papers. More importantly. My early attempts were met with frustration and failure. but it lacked some of the characteristics necessary to be functional. I tried it. Useful Crescents We will now enter into applications where paper has never been before. Gretchen Anderson. stiffer Makigami rolling solution.
Use a long twist tie to measure the circumference of whatever you plan to make crescents fit around. Cut newsprint into wide strips as we’ve done in previous chapters. one long center strip with three shorter strips. bangle bracelets and a type of curtain tieback that I think is particularly good looking. In this example I’ll be making a pair of crescents that will be used for curtain tiebacks. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 116 . If I’m going to make a pair of these it I will need two of the longest strips and four of each of the shorter strips. on either side. 1.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami crescents can be used for all sorts of things. 2. Most of the crescents I’ve made are assemblies of seven Makigami strips. I’ve made napkin rings. each one shorter than the previous. Bend or cut the twist tie to mark the circumference.
I cut four more pieces of newsprint about a half inch shorter than the ones I cut in step 4.Origami Bonsai Accessories 3. Page 117 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . I cut four pieces about a half‐inch shorter (one pair for each tie back). 5. I cut two pieces of newsprint (one for each tie back) using the twist tie I made in step 1 as a measuring tool. 4.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 118 . I cut the last four sheets about one half inch shorter than the ones I cut in step 5. 8. Cut the folded sheets on a diagonal. Fold the sheets you cut in step 6 in half.Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. leaving a gap of about one half inch at the bottom. 7.
You should have 14 sheets as shown here. Wrap your rubber bands around two tapered tumblers. 10. 9. Page 119 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .Origami Bonsai Accessories Your sheets will look like this. Fold in half and then cut the sheets you made in steps 3 through 5 in the same manner.
Mix more durable Makigami rolling solution as follows: 32 parts Water 2 parts Wood Glue 2 parts Acrylic Paint – any color 1 part Corn Starch 12.Origami Bonsai Accessories 11. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 120 Building Block 8: Fillers like corn starch result in more durable Makigami strips. . Roll the newsprint into dual‐tapered Makigami strips and then insert them under rubber bands as shown.
Lay one of the cups on its side. You can use the clothespin temporarily to stabilize the cup. Page 121 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 14.Origami Bonsai Accessories 13. 15. forcing the Makigami strips against the surface of the cup. Gather the ends of the stocking. Drape one of the pieces of stocking across the strips.
Use the clothespin to keep the twist from unraveling. This is unavoidable. Try to straighten the ends of your strips as much as possible. Twist the ends of the stocking. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 122 . but don’t worry. 17.Origami Bonsai Accessories 16. we’ll correct this when we assemble the crescents. Tighten the twist until you see all the Makigami strips conform to the curve of the cup. and will make assembling them more difficult. Notice that the ends of my strips curve slightly upwards. Allow the crescents to dry overnight. or until they do not feel cool to the touch. Repeat steps 13 through 17 for any additional crescents you rolled strips for.
18. I am making two crescents. Page 123 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . a small brush.Origami Bonsai Accessories Once your strips are dry you can assemble them. Remove the strips from the cups. so I have two long strips. I assemble the crescent by starting with the longest strip. followed by three pairs of shorter strips. a large brush. and a small cup of water. Sort them by length as shown in this picture. You will need wood glue.
The strip in the foreground of this picture is ready for assembly. 21. and test to confirm it is straight by placing it on a flat work surface and looking for gaps between the strip and the surface. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 124 . shorter strip is slightly offset. Confirm the fit of the first member of your longest pair. Flatten the longest strip (by carefully bending it as shown in Chapter 2).Origami Bonsai Accessories 19. Notice that the upper. 20. This is key to both the beauty and the strength of the Makigami crescent. the strip in the background is not. You will need to perform this procedure on every strip before adding it to the assembly. Apply a bead of wood glue to the edge of the strip with a small brush.
Origami Bonsai Accessories
22. Dip your larger brush in a cup of water and then use it to remove any excess glue on the seam of the assembly. Don’t forget to do this on the inside of the assembly as well. 23. Add the second member of the longest pair to the other side of the longest strip. Notice that both shorter strips are slightly offset towards the inside of the crescent. 24. Attach the next pair of strips.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
Origami Bonsai Accessories
25. Attach the last pair of strips. Allow the assembly to dry for at least four hours. If you’re making a second crescent, assemble it following the same instructions. 26. I’m often tempted not to round the ends of my crescents, but that is a mistake. The Makigami tips will wear out very quickly if left uncut. Use a pencil to draw an arc on both sides of your crescent’s ends. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 126
Origami Bonsai Accessories
27. Cut along the line you made in step 26 to create a rounded end on both sides of your crescent. Make sure the angled blades face away from your crescent when you cut it. The ends of your crescents should look like this after being cut.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman
and then a final coat of dark blue. then black. Here is a set of Makigami crescents used as napkin rings.Origami Bonsai Accessories Here are my tiebacks after they received three coats of finish (Chapter 4). I molded them on small tumblers. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 128 . I first applied a coat of yellow finish. The final color is quite complex.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 129 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Examples of Assemblies of Dual‐Tapered Makigami Strips The following pictures are some examples of sculptures I have made with dual‐tapered Makigami strips. Strips for the smaller planters on the following pages were molded on a six inch diameter mailing tube. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 130 . Strips for the larger planters were molded on the large steel pot shown in Chapter 2. All of these planters were assembled in a manner similar to the crescents discussed in this chapter.
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 131 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 132 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 133 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 134 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 135 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 136 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Page 137 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 138 .
developing techniques for molding Makigami into usable shapes. This shape. like that of a coat worn over the pendant. Makigami is an interesting material that has tremendous potential for artists and crafters. provides that protection. In order to remain undamaged. It is important to be on the lookout for breakthroughs in design. Teardrop Makigami Pendants By adding corn starch to the Makigami rolling solution. the Origami models inside the pendant must be protected. on the tip of an American style football. Page 139 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . That I developed this teardrop shape is no accident. consider other shapes that might be created.Origami Bonsai Accessories 8. One can easily mold this shape. As you complete the steps on the following pages. Now comes the hard part. I was trying to develop a Makigami assembly that would protect delicate Origami inside it. and variants of it. was discussed in the previous chapter. One of those shapes. Another shape I have developed is the teardrop pendant. along with firmer Makigami strips. Pendants are subject to forces that I cannot predict. the crescent. I discovered a material tough enough to withstand the rigors of daily wear.
In this example I cut an arc rather than a straight line. Cut from the outer edge (right) starting about one half inch from the corner. In this example I’m making a pendant out of eight strips of Makigami. Fold the strips in half. Wrap the twist‐tie around the tip of a ball (in this case a smaller toy American football) mimicking the shape of the pendant you want to create. Cut sufficient strips of newsprint to create your project using the twist tie to measure their length. 3. 2. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 140 . to give my taper a little more variation in thickness.Origami Bonsai Accessories 1. Start by using a twist‐tie to measure the length of strips you need to create a pendant in the design you desire.
4. roll your strips following the instructions in chapter 2 for dual‐taper strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories Your paper should look like this after you make the cut. Page 141 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . 5. Next. The strips make the mold top‐heavy. Wrap a rubber band around your mold (in my example a ball) to hold the strips. so I put my mold into a plastic bowl to stabilize it.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 6. checking for gaps. and adjust them accordingly. 8. Allow the assembly to dry overnight. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 142 . 7. Tuck them underneath the rubber band.. Bend the Makigami strips around the mold and then…. Inspect your strips.
Page 143 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Brush the assembly with a coat of the wood glue and water mixture. Make sure you apply an extra coat to the area where the strips overlap. This will ensure that the assembly comes off the mold in one piece. Carefully remove the rubber band without removing the Makigami assembly. 11. Allow the assembly to dry on the ball for at least four hours. 10. Dilute some wood glue with water to the thickness of heavy cream.Origami Bonsai Accessories 9.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 144 . Trim the tips of the Makigami strips as desired. 13. If necessary. release some air from the ball.Origami Bonsai Accessories 12. Your pendant should look like this. Carefully release the assembly by pushing on the ball.
” Page 145 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . wood glue and a small amount of water. I use rawhide which can be looped through the pendant and then tied around the wearer’s neck.Origami Bonsai Accessories I painted my pendant with two coats of a mixture of blue and black acrylic paint. The next step is to attach a necklace to the pendant. 14. In this case I’m using a product called “Gorilla Glue. I like to use a heavier duty glue to make this connection.
16. In this example I will glue the strap horizontally on the underside of the pendant. strong connection with the pendant. Pour some glue onto a small scrap of paper. 17. Loop your strap around the end of the pendant. Spread a bead of glue on the area where your strap will attach to the pendant. Note where the strap will make a good. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 146 . Use a toothpick or leftover piece of Makigami as a tool to pick up the glue.Origami Bonsai Accessories 15.
Origami Bonsai Accessories 18. I saved some of my paint so I could give all the glued areas a touch‐up coat as a last step. After the glue dries you can attach just about anything to the inside of the pendant. Page 147 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Be careful not to allow the clothespins to contact the glue or they could become a permanent part of your work. Put the strap into position and then clamp as necessary with clothespins.
Shown here are a group of Makigami strips drying. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 148 .Origami Bonsai Accessories The stocking technique can also be used for teardrop pendants. as well as the resultant pendant.
Origami Bonsai Accessories x Page 149 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman .
Origami Bonsai Accessories Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 150 .
but you cannot make it longer after it has been cut. Page 151 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Building Block 4: Bent Makigami will remain bent as long as ends are secured. Building Block 3: Makigami strips will retain whatever shape they have been molded into. Building Block 2: All Makigami rolling solutions must contain at least one ingredient that acts as a lubricant. Building Block 5: You can cut a Makigami strip shorter. Building Block 6: Makigami is cheap and easy to recycle. Building Block 8: Fillers like corn starch result in more durable Makigami strips.Origami Bonsai Accessories Quick Reference Guide Building Blocks Use these general rules for designing products made from Makigami. Building Block 1: Always roll perpendicular to the longest fibers in the paper. Make extra strips and don’t worry about mistakes! Building Block 7: Once dry. Makigami strips can be bent slightly to conform to a design.
The corn starch tends not to mix completely. Basic Makigami 16 parts Water 1 part Acrylic Paint (any color) This is the first recipe I developed which was described in my book “Advanced Origami Bonsai. Recipe 3. Strong and Durable Makigami 32 parts Water 2 part Wood Glue 2 part Acrylic Paint – any color 1 part Corn Starch This recipe is a little harder to use in the rolling process (it seems slippery). If you’re having trouble learning to roll using the other recipes. Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 152 . Recipe 1.” While this recipe does not make the strongest Makigami strips. try this one. but the resultant strips are quite durable.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami Recipes Choosing the proper Makigami solution for a project is important. and the finished product will not have the durability required for daily use. While the third recipe creates a durable form of Makigami. or handled roughly. Before you begin any project you should consider whether it will require the durability of recipe 3. Recipe 2. If your project isn’t going to be used daily. so you should stir your container of Makigami rolling solution each time you dip your brush in it. choose recipe 2. it is also the most challenging to roll. Stronger Makigami 16 parts Water 1 part Wood Glue 1 part Acrylic Paint – any color The second recipe can be used to make any of the projects presented in this book. it is very easy to learn the rolling process with it. The rolling process is not as easy as the first recipe.
Page 153 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . Click this image to watch a video that shows how to roll a tapered Makigami strip.Origami Bonsai Accessories Makigami Rolling Videos Click this image to watch a video showing how to roll an un‐tapered Makigami strip.
Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman Page 154 .Origami Bonsai Accessories Click this picture to watch a video that shows how to roll a dual‐tapered Makigami strip.
placed tobacco into the pocket between the rollers and then closed it. The rolling machine had two cylinders mounted in a bracket. Page 155 Copyright 2010 Benjamin John Coleman . A piece of flexible material surrounded the two cylinders. however I believe it is important to share the technique I plan to pursue. attached to molds. The flexible material I described above would be replaced by cloth. or stamped into shape. chopsticks and furniture. which is the inspiration for this technique. A third roller. Many years ago I rolled my own cigarettes with a handy little rolling machine. and then allowed to cure in a large greenhouse. Once rolled. The only difference between the machine I envision and a cigarette rolling machine is size. or some other material that would pick up and then saturate the newsprint with Makigami solution as it entered the machine. the long strips of Makigami would be cut to length.Origami Bonsai Accessories Theoretical Mass Production Technique As of this writing I have not resolved all the encumbrances to mass production of Makigami. I believe this type of configuration would be capable of producing extremely strong material. I hope to use the same technique to mass produce long strips of Makigami for common consumer items like pens. which forced the rollers to turn. You opened the machine (see picture). the machine I’m thinking of will roll strips that are initially eight feet long. suspended in a vat of Makigami rolling solution would provide variable tension. You then pushed on the flexible material. toothbrush handles. while simultaneously inserting a rolling paper.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.