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Application Paper: iRAT Handover


Analysis

iRAT HO Analysis
In the iRAT 3G-2G Handover Matrix different panes/chapters are used to
display the data. Main chapters are:
1.

iRAT 3G-2G Handover Matrix

2.

Cell Radio Parameters (3G cells only)

3.

Mobility Indicators (for 2G cell only)

After a carefully case study of 3G-3G relocations scenarios it was decided that
a matrix view of 3G-3G relocations (inter-RNC hard handover) does not
provide meaningful results, because

these procedures are rather rare in todays network,

in Relocation Resource Allocation the source cell of the HO cannot be


identified

in Relocation Preparation for 3G-3G HO the target cell ID cannot be


identified (only LAC is signaling in Target ID)

in case of failures in these procedure the existing dashboard KPIs for


HO Analysis and RANAP Abnormal Iu-Release Ratioprovide sufficient
failure indicators and allow full troubleshooting workflow including drilldown to call details.

Since best correlation results are expected with cell information provided by
operators the import of a combined 2G/3G cell info file is required as
prerequisite for the matrix algorithms.

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Application Paper: iRAT Handover


Analysis

iRAT 3G-2G Handover Matrix

The iRAT HO 3G-2G Handover Matrix consists of several sections that are
described below:

Sourc e Cell 3G

Figure 7. Source Cell 3G

This is the unambiguous identity of the source cell where the UE receives the
HO Command.
In the RANAP Init.Mgs . for Relocation Preparation the SAC of the source cell
is found together with the global cell ID (GCI) of the target ID. In the matrix
these IDs are displayed as source cell = RNC-ID+LAC+SAC (where RNC-ID
is derived from topology or cell info file).

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Figure 8. Message Example 1. Source and target ID

Cell name, uARFCN and Primary Scrambling Code (Primary SC) are also
derived from cell info file.

9-Dec-13, Page 15

iRAT Handover Analysis


Target Cell 2G2G Cell Identity and Radio Quality before 3G-2G
Handover

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Figure 9. Target Cell 2G

In this section the cell global identity is shown as derived from Init.Mgs.
Relocation Preparation = LAC+CI.
The BCCH ARFCN as well as BCC and NCC belong to a target TRX of a 2G
cell and are found in RRC Measurement Control and DMTAP Handover
Command (HCOM). (Refer to the figure below.)

Figure 10. Message Example 2: RRC Measurement Control for iRAT measurements

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Report Work

9-Dec-13, Page 16

iRAT Handover Analysis


The general relation between TRX (identified by BCCH ARFNC, BCC and
NCC) and CGI (cell) is shown in the figure below.

BSC
TRX 0

TRX 1

Cell 1
BTS 1

TRX 2

Cell 2

TRX 3

Cell n

BTS m

TRX 255
Figure 11. General Relation between TRX and CGI

The interRATCellID from RRC Measurement Control is often used to indicate


the verified BSIC (BCC+NCC) in RRC Measurement Report . (See Figure
12.Message example 3.)

>>>Band indicator

MP

>>>BCCH ARFCN

MP

https://www.academia.edu/7177641/UMTS_iRAT_Handover_Analsysis

Enumerated (DCS
1800 band used,
PCS 1900 band

Indicates how to
interpret the
BCCH ARFCN

used)
Integer (0..1023)

[45]

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iRAT Handover Analysis


+- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
| I D Name
| Comment or Val ue
|
+- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - +
| 4999 2: 53: 38 PM, 991, 846 6- RRC- I UB RLC/ MAC AM DATA DCH RRC_DCCH_UL measur ement Repor t
TS DCCH25. 331
DCCH- UL - V5. 9. 0 ( RRC_DCCH_UL)
|| uLMessage
| 1 i nt egri t yCheckI nf o
| 1. 1 messageAut hent i cat i onCode
| 1. 2 r r c- MessageSequenceNumber
| 2 message
| 2. 1 measur ement Repor t
| 2. 1. 1 measurement I dent i t y
| 2. 1. 2 measuredResul t s
| 2. 1. 2. 1 i nt er RATMeasur edResul t sLi st
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1 i nt erRATMeasur edResul t s
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1 gs m
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 1 gSM- Measur edResul t s
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1 GSMCarr i erRSSI
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 1. 2 bsi cRepor t ed
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 1. 2. 1 ver i f i edBSI C
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 2 gSM- Measur edResul t s
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 2. 1 GSMCarr i erRSSI
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 2. 2 bsi cRepor t ed
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 2. 2. 1 ver i f i edBSI C
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 3
- Measur
3. gSM
1 GSM
Carr i edResul
erRSSI t s
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 3. 2 bsi cRepor t ed
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 3. 2. 1 ver i f i edBSI C
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 4 gSM- Measur edResul t s
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 4. 1 GSMCarr i erRSSI
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 4. 2 bsi cRepor t ed
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 4. 2. 1 nonVeri f i edBSI C
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 5 gSM- Measur edResul t s
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 5. 1 GSMCarr i erRSSI
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 5. 2 bsi cRepor t ed
| 2. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1. 5. 2. 1 nonVeri f i edBSI C
| 2. 1. 3 event Resul t s
| 2. 1. 3. 1 i nt er RATEvent Resul t s
| 2. 1. 3. 1. 1 event I D
| 2. 1. 3. 1. 2 c el l ToRepor t L i s t
| 2. 1. 3. 1. 2. 1 cel l ToReport
| 2. 1. 3. 1. 2. 1. 1 bsi cReport ed
| 2. 1. 3. 1. 2. 1. 1. 1 ver i f i edBSI C
| 2. 1. 3. 1. 2. 2 cel l ToReport
| 2. 1. 3. 1. 2. 2. 1 bsi cReport ed
| 2. 1. 3. 1. 2. 2. 1. 1 ver i f i edBSI C
| 2. 1. 3. 1. 2. 3 cel l ToReport
| 2. 1. 3. 1. 2. 3. 1 bsi cReport ed
| 2. 1. 3. 1. 2. 3. 1. 1 ver i f i edBSI C

measur ement Repor t ( = measur ement Repor t )


| ' 1f 9185f 3' H
|1
| 11

| 74 dBm + SCALE t o 73 dBm + SCALE


|0
| 85 dBm + SCALE t o 84 dBm + SCALE
|2
| 86 dBm + SCALE t o 85 dBm + SCALE
|3
| 94 dBm + SCALE t o 93 dBm + SCALE
| 51
| 95 dBm + SCALE t o 94 dBm + SCALE
| 65
| e3a

|0
|2
|3

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Figure 12. Message Example 3: RRC Measurement Report with iRAT measurement results

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