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Transport

Phenomena CHEN 3001


Week9tutorialsolutions

1. Assumptions:steadystateconditions,1dimensionaldiffusioninaplanewall,stationary
medium,uniformC=CA+CB.
Diffusionfluxthroughthemembrane=DAB(CA1CA2)/L=1.5x10^8kmol/s.m2

2. Assumptions:steadystateconditions,1dimensionaldiffusion,constantproperties,
temperatureandpressure,idealgasbehaviour.
At300Kand1atm,DAB(watervapourair)=0.26x10^4m2/s,vapourpressure=0.03513
bar,specificvolume=vg=39.13m3/kg.

a) Evaporationrate,consideringdiffusiononly:

N A D AB A

C A , C A , S
D A
AB C A,sat 1
L
L

Twowaysofcalculatingsaturationconcentration:

C A,sat

Psat
1

0.00142kmol/m3.
RT v g M A

Theseareessentiallythesame,asthespecificvolume,vg,isessentially v g

RT
,
PM A

fromouridealgaslaw,PV=nRT.

istheratiobetweentheconcentrationofwatervapourintheairstreamandat
saturationcondition,sothisisessentiallytherelativehumidity.
So,theevaporationrate=1.087x10^8kmol/s

b) Evaporationrate,consideringbulkfluidmovementaswellasdiffusion:

NA

cDAB A 1 x A,
ln

L
1 x A, s

Theconcentrationparameterinthiscontextisthetotalconcentration,so c

P
,
RT

whereP=atmosphericcondition=1.01325bar.

x A,s =Psat/P=0.0348
x A, = (Psat/P)=0.0087
So,theevaporationrate=1.107x10^8kmol/s
Asexpected,theconvectiveeffect,althoughsmall,doesincreasetheevaporationrate.


3. Assumptions:Steadystateconditions,1dimensionaldiffusion,effectsofbulkmotiononNO
transferinthefilmarenegligible,nohomogeneousreactionsofNOwithinthefilm,constant
properties,aswellasthetotalmolarconcentrationthroughoutthefilm.
Simplifiedcontinuityequation:
where N NO cDAB

N NO
0
x

dx NO

dx

Boundarycondition1:(catalyticsurface) D AB
Boundarycondition2: x NO

x NO

k1 x NO

x 0

DAB

xL

N NO
x

k1 x NO
x 0

x NO , L

x L xNO xL

So,themolefractionofNOatthecatalyticsurfaceis0.10.

MolarfluxofNO: N NO cDAB

4.

x NO
>
x

x NO , L

x NO , 0

N NO x cD AB

x NO

Molarflux=9.35x10^5kmol/m2.s
NOremovalrateoversurfacearea=5.61x10^5kg/s

Thisresultcouldbeviewedasafirstapproximation,asbulkmotionislikelytoalso
contributesignificantlytothetransferofNOwithinthefilm.

a.Asteadystatedifferentialequationthatdescribestheevaporationoftheherbicideinto
theair:

N AZ

cDAB y A

1 y A z

b. Adifferentialequationthatdescribesthe(unsteadystate)diffusionoftheherbicideinto
thesoil:

c A
2c A

D AB
t
z 2