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STUDY TOPICS FOR CHAPTER 2 - ATOMS AND ATOMIC THEORY

1. Development of Atomic Theory Law of Conservation of Mass; Law of Constant


Composition (or Definite Proportions); Law of Multiple Proportions

2. Atomic Structure cathode rays and the discovery of electrons; radiation and
charged particles; integer charges on particles
3. Nuclear Atom - Rutherfords collision experiment; concept of the nucleus where
positive charge and mass is concentrated; atomic number, mas number, neutron
number
4. Chemical Elements - chemical symbols and conventions for notation; isotopes;
experimental determination of mass using mass spectrometry
5. Atomic Mass isotope natural abundance and weighted (averaged) mass
6. The Periodic Table groups (vertical columns) and periods (horizontal rows); metals
and nonmetals; main group elements alkaline metals, alkaline earth metals,
chalcogens, halogens, noble gases; transition metals; lanthanides and actinides
7. The Mole and Avogadros Number - definition of a mole; Avogadros Constant;

calculation of moles and molar ratios