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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I

Comprehensive Land Use Plan

2010-2020

Vol. I

Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I

Volume I

Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I Volume I I. BRIEF HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 1
Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I Volume I I. BRIEF HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 1
Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I Volume I I. BRIEF HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 1
  • I. BRIEF HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

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Lapu-Lapu City is named after the first Filipino fighter who successfully defeated the Spanish invaders in the Battle at Barangay Mactan, which was fatal to the Spanish Leader, Magellan. Composed of nineteen (19) barangays in the mainland and eleven (11) barangays in Olango Island, Lapu-Lapu City (formerly the Municipality of Opon ) created under R.A. 3134 as Lapu-Lapu City on June 17, 1961 and became a Highly Urbanized-City through a plesbiscite on June 21, 2007.

The City is separated from the province of Cebu by the Mactan Channel, however, at present it is connected with the Province of Cebu by two (2) bridges, known as the 1 st Mandaue – Mactan Bridge and Marcelo H. Fernan Bridge. Lapu-Lapu City and Municipality of Cordova comprises the whole Mactan Island. These are connected by two (2) bridges, bound from Suba-Basbas, the Suba-Basbas-Gabi bridge and bound from Babag, the Babag-Pilipog bridge. Her proximity to a highly developed area which is Cebu City has resulted in a mutually reinforcing relationship.

Lapu-Lapu City utilizes some of the facilities of Cebu City in the field of education (undergraduate and graduate studies) and communication (television, radio and newspaper). The Metro Cebu Water District has included Lapu-Lapu City in its distribution of water supply.

It is the seat of Mactan-Cebu International Airport and considered as the gateway to the Pacific, on the other hand, Cebu City and the rest of Metro Cebu make use of the Airport for domestic and international air travel. The airport is a vital international gateway to the country’s economic prosperity and is the country’s second busiest airport. It services domestic flights to and from major cities of the country, as well as international flights to Japan (Narita), Sourth Korea (Inchon and Pusan), Singapore, Qatar (Doha), Taiwan (Taipei), Hongkong, China (Pudong and Kaoshiung), Thailand (Bangkok) and Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur). Lapu-Lapu City is noted for being tourist haven for her historical spots, her beautiful, pristine sandy shores and white sand beaches on one side of the island city, more particularly in the coastal barangays of

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Marigondon, Agus, Suba-basbas, Maribago, Mactan and Pta. Engaño which also made Lapu-Lapu City a major destination attracting domestic and foreign tourists to spend their weekends and vacations.

The other side of the island facing Cebu has no sandy shores. The deep harbors, however along this coast has made it the ideal location for the oil companies, for ship-building & repair, dry-docking industry, for the construction of the giant industrial complex like the General Milling Corporation and for the various industries in the Mactan Economic Zone.

It is expected that more industrial establishments will move to Lapu- Lapu City considering the convenience she can offer to investors plus the services extended by the industries located in the Mactan Export Processing Zone (MEPZ I & II) and Cebu Light Industries Park (CLIP).

These economic zones serve as the base of operations of various multi-national companies engaged in the manufacture of electronics, apparel, iron and steel, electronics, camera and camera parts, binoculars, novelty items, processed food, plastic products, industrial chemicals gases, machineries, bags and luggages, fashion jewelries, wood products, paper and paper products, rubber products, watches, optical lenses, glass filters, electrical machinery, industrial gloves, auto wire harness, parts and accessories.

II.

HUMAN RESOURCE

The population of Lapu-Lapu City experienced an increasing trend since the 1970 census up to the last one undertaken in 2007. From a population of 69,268 persons in 1970, it has increased to 292,530.

The average annual growth rate of 4.20% during the 2000-2007 period was far higher than that of the country, region, and Province of Cebu which were pegged at 2.04%, 1.59% and 1.68%, respectively. It was also higher compared to Mandaue City and Cebu City at 2.86% and 1.46%, respectively.

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The City’s population in 2007 is about twelve percent of the total population of Cebu province. Barangays Gun-ob, Pusok and Basak have the highest population at 29,824, 26,647 and 25,297, respectively. The Islet Barangay of Caohagan, on the other hand, has the lowest at 507.

Population by Barangay, as of 1 August 2007

Barangay

Population

% Increase

2000

2007

Agus

6,531

9,699

48.51

Babag

6,759

17,426

157.82

Bankal

7,414

10,555

42.37

Baring

2,377

2,934

23.43

Basak

14,449

25,297

75.08

Buaya

5,436

10,710

97.02

Calawisan

4,505

6,625

47.06

Canjulao

5,550

9,585

72.70

Caw-oy

1,438

1,582

10.01

Caohagan

390

507

30.00

Caubian

2,159

2,114

(2.08)

Gun-ob

29,542

29,824

0.95

Ibo

2,722

6,775

148.90

Looc

9,782

13,249

35.44

Mactan

15,342

19,889

29.64

Maribago

7,057

9,141

29.53

Marigondon

9,005

13,802

53.27

Pajac

9,423

14,061

49.22

Pajo

22,377

19,827

(11.40)

Pangan-an

1,724

1,723

(0.06)

Poblacion

11,225

8,486

(24.40)

Punta Engaño

6,330

6,313

(0.27)

Pusok

21,191

26,647

25.75

Sabang

4,275

4,424

3.49

Santa Rosa

2,870

3,751

30.70

Suba-basbas

2,698

4,943

83.21

Talima

4,260

4,945

16.08

Tingo

2,647

2,750

3.89

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Tungasan

1,734

1,754

1.15

San Vicente

2,847

3,192

12.12

Total

224,059

292,530

30.56

Source: NSO

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The fastest growing barangays in terms of population are Babag, Ibo, Buaya, Suba-

Basbas, Basak and Canjulao, whose population count in 2007 increased by 72.70% to 157.82% from that of Year 2000. However, a 24% drop in the total population count in Barangay Poblacion was observed in 2007.

Historical Growth of Population

Year

Lapu-Lapu

Cebu

Cebu City

Mandaue

Region VII

Philippines

City

Province

City

 

1970

69,268

1,228,487

348,163

58,574

1980

98,723

1,490,731

488,255

110,043

1990

146,194

1,855,815

610,417

180,285

1995

173,744

1,890,357

662,299

194,745

5,014,588

68,616,536

2000

217,019

2,160,569

718,821

259,728

5,706,953

76,506,928

2007

292,530

2,439,005

798,809

318,575

6,398,628

88,574,614

 

AAGR (%)

1970-1980

3.54%

1.93%

3.38%

6.31%

1980-1990

4.00%

2.21%

2.23%

4.94%

1990-1995

3.29%

2.01%

1.54%

1.46%

1995-2000

4.88%

2.90%

1.77%

6.36%

2.81%

2.36%

2000-2007

4.20%

1.68%

1.46%

2.86%

1.59%

2.04%

Source: NSO

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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I At the end of the planning period, the projected

At the end of the planning period, the projected population of Lapu-Lapu City will reach 531,676 persons.

Population Density

Lapu-Lapu City has an average population density of 46 persons per hectare in 2007 from a population density of 35 persons per hectare in 2000. The island Barangay of Caubian ranks first in terms of population density of 243 persons per hectare. Barangay Calawisan on the other hand has the lowest population density with one seven (7) persons per hectare.

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At the end of the planning period, Lapu-Lapu City will have a population density of 83 persons per hectare. Total area by this time will increase by 400 hectares with the completion and operationalization of the MNRDP. This figure is 61% higher than the present population density.

Projected Population Density (per sq.m.)

 

Land Area

 

Barangay

2007

(sq.m)

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

  • 1 2,112,02

Agus

9,699

5.00

183.58

175.91

168.57

161.5

2

154.7

7

148.3

1

142.11

136.1

7

130.4

9

125.0

3

  • 2 3,071,24

Babag

17,42

6

3.00

148.59

142.38

136.43

130.7

3

125.2

7

120.0

4

115.02

110.2

2

105.6

1

101.2

0

  • 3 2,008,26

Bankal

10,55

5

9.00

160.41

153.71

147.29

141.1

3

135.2

4

129.5

9

124.17

118.9

8

114.0

1

109.2

5

  • 4 914,42

Baring

2,934

3.00

262.75

251.78

241.26

231.1

8

221.5

2

212.2

7

203.40

194.9

0

186.7

6

178.9

6

  • 5 6,031,99

Basak

25,29

7

4.00

201.03

192.63

184.58

176.8

7

169.4

8

162.4

0

155.61

149.1

1

142.8

8

136.9

1

  • 6 2,714,70

Buaya

10,71

0

6.00

213.70

204.77

196.21

188.0

2

180.1

6

172.6

3

165.42

158.5

1

151.8

9

145.5

4

  • 7 9,569,96

Calawisan

6,625

3.00

1,217.

83

1,166.

95

1,118.

20

1,071.

48

1,026.

72

983.8

2

942.72

903.3

4

865.6

0

829.4

3

  • 8 1,558,67

Canjulao

9,585

7.00

  • 137.10 120.6

131.37

125.88

2

115.5

8

110.7

5

106.13

101.6

9

97.44

93.37

  • 9 422,75

Caw-oy

1,582

2.00

  • 225.29 198.2

215.88

206.86

2

189.9

4

182.0

0

174.40

167.1

1

160.1

3

153.4

4

Caohagan

  • 10 507

45,2

49.00

  • 75.24 66.20

72.10

69.09

63.43

60.78

58.25

55.81

53.48

51.25

Caubian

  • 11 2,114

86,8

53.00

  • 34.64 30.47

33.19

31.80

29.20

27.98

26.81

25.69

24.62

23.59

  • 12 2,269,18

Gun-ob

29,82

4

3.00

58.90

  • 64.15 56.44

61.47

54.08

51.82

49.65

47.58

45.59

43.69

  • 13 1,480,96

Ibo

6,775

4.00

184.29

176.59

169.21

162.1

4

155.3

7

148.8

8

142.66

136.7

0

130.9

9

125.5

1

  • 14 1,042,94

Looc

13,24

66.37

63.59

60.94

58.39

55.95

53.61

51.37

49.23

47.17

45.20

 

9

8.00

  • 15 4,952,94

Mactan

19,88

9

8.00

  • 209.95 184.7

201.18

192.77

2

177.0

0

169.6

1

162.52

155.7

3

149.2

3

142.9

9

  • 16 2,831,34

Maribago

9,141

4.00

  • 261.13 229.7

250.22

239.77

5

220.1

5

210.9

6

202.14

193.7

0

185.6

1

177.8

5

Marigondo

  • 17 4,514,46

n

13,80

2

0.00

  • 275.76 242.6

264.24

253.20

2

232.4

8

222.7

7

213.46

204.5

5

196.0

0

187.8

1

  • 18 2,588,96

Pajac

14,06

1

9.00

  • 155.23 136.5

148.74

142.53

8

130.8

7

125.4

0

120.16

115.1

4

110.3

3

105.7

2

  • 19 1,540,00

Pajo

19,82

65.48

62.75

60.13

57.61

55.21

52.90

50.69

48.57

46.54

44.60

 

7

2.00

  • 20 460,65

Pangan-an

1,723

0.00

225.40

215.98

206.96

198.3

1

190.0

3

182.0

9

174.48

167.1

9

160.2

1

153.5

1

  • 21 355,18

Poblacion

8,486

0.00

35.29

33.81

32.40

31.05

29.75

28.51

27.32

26.17

25.08

24.03

  • 22 2,183,99

Punta

Engano

6,313

8.00

291.66

279.48

267.80

256.6

1

245.8

9

235.6

2

225.77

216.3

4

207.3

0

198.6

4

  • 23 1,533,41

Pusok

26,64

48.51

46.49

44.55

42.68

40.90

39.19

37.56

35.99

34.48

33.04

 

7

0.00

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  • 24 1,952,79

Sabang

4,424

6.00

  • 372.14 327.4

356.59

341.69

2

313.7

4

300.6

3

  • 288.07 276.0

4

264.5

0

253.4

5

  • 25 1,831,37

Santa

Rosa

3,751

4.00

  • 411.62 362.1

394.42

377.94

5

347.0

2

332.5

2

  • 318.63 305.3

2

292.5

6

280.3

4

Suba-

  • 26 1,657,21

basbas

4,943

0.00

  • 282.65 248.6

270.84

259.53

8

238.2

9

228.3

4

  • 218.80 209.6

6

200.9

0

192.5

1

  • 27 1,682,87

Talima

4,945

6.00

  • 286.91 252.4

274.93

263.44

3

241.8

9

231.7

8

  • 222.10 212.8

2

203.9

3

195.4

1

  • 28 962,81

Tingo

2,750

1.00

  • 295.17 259.7

282.84

271.02

0

248.8

5

238.4

5

  • 228.49 218.9

4

209.8

0

201.0

3

  • 29 861,59

Tungasan

1,754

0.00

  • 414.13 364.3

396.83

380.25

6

349.1

4

334.5

5

  • 320.58 307.1

8

294.3

5

282.0

5

  • 30 1,003,05

San

Vicente

3,192

4.00

  • 264.93 233.0

253.86

243.25

9

223.3

5

214.0

2

  • 205.08 196.5

1

188.3

0

180.4

3

 

total

2

92,53

64,241,

  • 185.14 162.9

177.41

170.00

0

156.0

9

149.5

7

  • 143.32 137.3

3

131.5

9

126.1

0

 

0

921.00

Population by Sex

The 2007 census showed that majority of the City’s population is composed of the 5-9 age group with a participation ratio of 11.69%, while the 80 and over age group has the lowest participation rate of 0.36%. It also showed that the City’s population is denominated by females at 51%.

Age Distribution both Male and Female for the year 2007

 

Both Sexes

PR

Male

Female

Sex Ratio

under 1

6679

0.02289618 4

3423

3256

105.1

1-4

30041

0.10298312

15569

14472

107.6

 

0.11689086

5-9

34098

3

17603

16495

106.7

10-14

29233

0.10021322 7

14737

14496

101.7

15-19

31477

0.10790585 1

14944

16533

90.4

20-24

31341

0.10743963 1

14629

16712

87.5

25-29

30052

0.10302082 9

14388

15664

91.9

 

0.08250030

30-34

24066

9

11720

12346

94.9

 

0.06901079

35-39

20131

2

10261

9870

104

 

0.05204176

40-44

15181

8

7660

7521

101.8

 

0.04060224

45-49

11844

6

5924

5920

100.1

50-54

9333

0.03199432 3

4719

4614

102.3

 

0.02239568

55-59

6533

3

3249

3284

98.9

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60-64

4274

0.01465163 8

1954

2320

84.2

 

0.01076076

65-69

3139

1

1392

1747

79.7

70-74

2077

0.00712013 4

875

1202

72.8

75-79

1163

0.00398686 4

477

686

69.5

80 and

0.00358577 8

 

over

1046

373

673

55.4

School Age Population

School age population of the city is at 42% equivalent to 122,365 students in 2007. It is dominated by the elementary population of 37,999 students. At the end of the planning period it is projected that the school age population will reach 222,400.

School Age Population

   

Partici

Year

Year

 

Yea

Yea

Year

Year

Year

Year

 

Grouping

Base

pation

Rate

201

2

201

3

Year

r

r

201

7

201

8

201

9

202

0

Year

s

Year

2014

201

5

201

6

2021

 

Populatio

n-2007

292,53

0

School

                       

Going

Populatio

n

Pre-

School

28660

0.09797

285

35,47

37,02

38,63

40,32

42,08

43,91

45,83

47,82

49,91

52,09

 

7

4

8

3

1

5

0

8

4

0

Elementa

37999

0.12989

47,03

49,08

51,22

53,46

55,79

58,22

60,76

63,41

66,17

69,06

ry

778

7

8

8

2

3

5

4

3

8

4

Secondar

24284

0.08301

30,06

31,37

32,73

34,16

35,65

37,21

38,83

40,52

42,29

44,13

y

370

0

1

8

6

6

0

2

6

2

6

Tertiary

31422

0.10741

462

38,89

40,59

42,36

44,20

46,13

48,14

50,24

52,43

54,72

57,11

 

6

2

2

9

6

8

7

8

4

0

Labor Force

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In the 2007 census, Lapu-Lapu City has an estimated labor force of 184,232 equivalent to 63% of the total population. By the end of the planning period of City’s labor force is projected to reach 334,844.

Labor Force

 

Year

Year

Year

Year

Yea

Year

Yea

Yea

Yea

Year

Group

201

2

201

3

201

4

201

5

r

201

7

r

r

r

202

1

ings

201

6

201

8

201

9

202

0

 

Labor

228,0

237,9

248,3

259,2

270,5

282,2

294,6

307,4

320,8

334,8

Force

53

96

73

02

03

97

05

50

54

44

III.

PHYSICAL FEATURES

The City of Lapu-Lapu is located

in Mactan Island, beautifully surrounded by

white sandy beaches.

It is bounded on the north and west by the Mactan Channel, on the

east by Bohol Strait, and on the south by the Municipality of Cordova.

Lapu-Lapu City is geographically located at the following coordinates:

Westernmost point: 123 o 59’55 (longitude), 10 o 20’6.115 (latitude)

Easternmost point:

124 o 01’7.8971 (longitude), 10 o 19’5.4611 (latitude)

The City is about 1.5 km. from Mandaue City and 8 km from Cebu City, although it is only about 350 meters from Cebu City at the nearest portion of Mactan Channel. The City is approximately 365 km or a one-hour trip by plane from Metro Manila.

Access to the City is provided through two bridges, the Mandaue-Mactan Bridge and the Marcelo H. Fernan Bridge, which connect it to mainland Cebu. Ferry boat service is also available between Pier 3 in Cebu city and Muelle Osmeña in Lapu-Lapu City.

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Lapu-Lapu City has a total land area of 6,424.1921 hectares with 19 mainland barangays and 11 island barangays. Of the total land area, approximately 1,300 hectares are used for the Mactan-Cebu International Airport, 1,067 hectares are used for the Mactan Benito Ebuen Airbase and 119 hectares of land are occupied by the Mactan Export Processing Zone I (MEPZ I). It must be noted that 100 hectares within the Mactan Benito Ebuen Air Base have been developed into MEPZ I. Sixty-three ( 63) hectares of land in barangay Basak have also been developed as an economic zone which is the City Light Industrial Park (CLIP).

  • A. Land Area

Land Area by Barangay (in Hectares)

 

AREA (IN

BARANGAY

HAS.)

Mainland

Agus

211.2025

Babag

307.1243

Bankal

200.8269

Basak

603.1994

Buaya

271.4706

Calawisan

956.9963

Canjulao

155.8677

Gun-ob

226.9183

Ibo

148.0964

Looc

104.2948

Mactan

495.2948

Maribago

283.1344

Marigondon

451.4460

Pajac

258.8969

Pajo

154.0002

Poblacion

35.5180

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Punta Engaño

218.3998

Pusok

153.3410

Suba-Basbas

165.7210

 

5,401.75

 

Sub-Total

00

Islets

Caohagan

4.5249

Caubian

8.6853

Pangan-an

46.0650

Olango Island

Baring

91.4423

Caw-oy

42.2752

Sabang

195.2796

Santa Rosa

283.4428

Talima

168.2876

Tingo

96.2811

Tungasan

86.1590

San Vicente

100.3054

 

1,022.44

 

Sub-Total

00

 

Total

6,424.1921

  • B. Slope Classification

Lapu-Lapu City is topographically flat except for some areas in the northeastern part, which are slightly elevated. The land is made up entirely of hard coral rock.

About 40% of the area is of rocky terrain. There are no major rivers or creeks in Mactan mainland and in the island barangays.

The whole island

has

a ground

slope of

0

3%. Basically, because of its

– geological formation and topography, the island is not susceptible to erosion.

  • C. Land Suitability

There are four classifications of soil type in the City, namely:

Faraon Clay, Beach Sand, and Hydrosol.

Bolinao Clay,

The geology of Mactan island is mostly coral based, with little top soil. It is mainly made up of alluvium deposits, and tertiary limestone, quaternary limestone and Cretaceous rocks in the whole island. The quaternary alluvium is prevalent in the south coastal area, with a large island intrusion west of Cordova. The porous character of the

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soil makes the surface run-off seep through. It is difficult to undertake excavation work for pipelaying and canal works on the type of formation of Mactan. Controlled blasting is commonly done to excavate trenches.

D. Climatic Condition

Mactan island falls under Type III of the Modified Coronas Classification of Philippine climates. It is characterized by a not very pronounced or distinct season. It is relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. Based on PAG-ASA-Mactan station records, the island receives 78% of its annual rainfall from June to December. The driest month is April, which receives 34.6 mm of rainfall, while the wettest is July with 189.4 mm of rainfall. The average annual rainfall is 1,470 mm. On the average, there are 130 rainy days in a year. The entire island is generally remote from the normal path of tropical cyclones originating from the Pacific Ocean.

The monthly prevailing wind in Mactan from October to May is northeast, while from June to September is southwest. Current patterns along the coastal region of Magellan Bay are influenced by the tidal force and wind direction. The wind speed is in the range of 2 to 3 meters-per-second (m/c). The highest wind recorded was 5.5 m/sec along the south direction on November 20, 1990.

The average annual temperature in Mactan is 28.1 o C.

The coolest month is

January with a temperature of 23.8 o C, while the hottest period occurs in May at 32.9 o C.

Based on primary tide station 2002 data at the Port of Cebu, the following selected indicators show the average tidal ranges:

Main Higher High Water (MHHW)

:

0.78m

Main High Water (MHW)

:

0.51m

Mean Sea Level (MSL)

:

0.00m

Mean Low Water (MLW)

:

-0.51m

Mean Low Low Water (MLLW)

:

-0.69m

Highest Tide Recorded

:

1.50m (1952)

Lowest Tide Recorded

:

-1.16m (1970)

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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I PHYSICAL/ INFRASTRUCTURES RESOURCES A. Transportation Network (internal and external

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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I PHYSICAL/ INFRASTRUCTURES RESOURCES A. Transportation Network (internal and external

PHYSICAL/ INFRASTRUCTURES RESOURCES

  • A. Transportation Network (internal and external linkages)

While it can be said that Cebu is the hub of the Visayas, Mactan Island contributes a major role in this respect specifically because of the presence of the Mactan-Cebu International Airport which serves as one of the gateways of the Visayas.

The Transport Sector Development is a matter of great importance in Lapu-Lapu City. For that reason, this section analyzes road, sea and air transport individually as well as integrally.

  • B. Social Services facilities/utilities/amenities

Large portions of land in Lapu-Lapu City are occupied by industrial, tourism and commercial establishments, the Mactan-Cebu International Airport, MEPZ I and II, the Cebu Light Industrial Park, and the Mactan Benito Ebuen Air Base, thus limiting the land available for human settlement. The need for housing and the increasing number of squatters in public and coastal areas are indications of lack of land for the rapidly increasing population of the city.

Lapu-Lapu City has seen an increase in the demand for housing subdivisions, both for upscale/high-end and socialized ones. Since 1995, twenty-nine (29) housing subdivisions were established in Mactan Island with a total land area of 121.9090 hectares. Of this total, 31.77 hectares are developed as socialized housing projects offering a total of 3,534 saleable lots.

These residential subdivisions are mostly located on the central, eastern and western parts of the city.

Certain areas in Lapu-Lapu City are home to informal settlers. Data provided by the City Planning and Development Office revealed that there are currently 1895 families living on land owned by government or other private citizens for 10 to 49 years already.

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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I Informal Settlement Areas Area Land Ownership Years Barangay (Has.)

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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I Informal Settlement Areas Area Land Ownership Years Barangay (Has.)

Informal Settlement Areas

 

Area

Land Ownership

No. of

Years

Barangay

(Has.)

Government

Private

Families

Occupied

Basak

2.2980

2.2980

272

18

Bankal

0.3322

0.3322

44

10

Gun-ob

0.8246

0.8246

90

32

Ibo

0.1989

0.1989

222

17

Mactan

0.7817

0.7817

84

49

Pajo

1.3525

1.3525

219

41

Pusok

7.4321

5.0240

897

32

Suba-basbas

0.3000

0.3000

67

27

Source: CPDO

HEALTH FACILITIES:

There are two government-run hospitals in Lapu-Lapu City. The Lapu-Lapu City Hospital, which is a secondary hospital that provides definitive care in the four (4) basic specialties, namely: medicine, surgery, obstetrics, gynecology and pediatrics.

The second government-run hospital is located in Sta. Rosa, Olango Island. The Sta. Rosa Community Hospital is categorized as a primary hospital and serves the barangays in Olango Island.

In addition, private health facilities are also operating within Lapu-Lapu City. However, there is still the perception that people have poor access to quality health services and that the city hospital have sub-standard facilities.

Twenty-four (24) of the City’s 30 barangays have one Barangay Health Unit each, while six, owing to their large population, have more than one health facility. These are Barangays Babag with 2, Mactan with 3, Pusok with 2, Pajo with 3, Gun-ob with 3 and Basak with 2.

EDUCATION:

The educational institutions offering pre-school, elementary and highschool are well distributed throughout Mactan Island and the other island barangays. All barangays have their own public elementary schools, while most have their own public high schools.

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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I Most of these schools are concentrated in Barangays Babag,

Most of these schools are concentrated in Barangays Babag, Basak, Gun-ob, Looc, Pajo, Poblacion and Pusok. Total land area occupied by the publicly-ran schools is 43.31 hectares.

PEACE AND ORDER:

Peace and order situation in the City is stable with the presence of the 127-man police force, barangay tanods, private security guards and other volunteer civic groups that are so concerned with the security condition of the City. The assistance of these concerned groups is of great help to the undermanned Philippine National Police organization of the place.

Police manpower of the city is inadequate, with only 127 personnel, a number which does not meet the population ratio of 500 to one Policeman. The National Statistics Office census report for the year 2007 shows that the City has a total population of 292,530. Based on the standard ratio of 1:500 the required number of uniformed Police personnel is 585. There is a gap of 458 police personnel to compliment the total required number, though every Barangay of the city has also its own Barangay Tanod Force.

The City’s police force has one (1) headquarter and five (5) sub-stations distributed in the strategic locations of the City. There are seven (7) police service vehicles that are presently being used to monitor peace and order situation of the city.

The Fire Station has a manpower compliment of eighty-seven (87) firemen distributed over the different fire sub-stations as follows: Central Fire Station, 41, Marigondon Fire sub-station, 7, Olango Fire sub-station, 14, Babag Fire sub- station, 12 and Mactan Fire sub-station, 13. There are also nine (9) firetrucks/equipments available which are all serviceable. Fire hydrants are installed in various parts of the City for the entire City of Lapu-Lapu the ratio of fire personnel over the population is 1:3,363.

SOCIAL WELFARE::

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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I Generally, the main situation of the City’s social welfare

Generally, the main situation of the City’s social welfare services is seen to be inadequate as manifested by the absence of some facilities and personnel needed to cater to the needs of the lowly sector of the society particularly the needy families. Aside from the absence of social welfare facilities, the need to formulate a doable social welfare plan and to pass a stronger legislative measures to help the less privilege of the society is strongly recommended.

SOCIO-CULTURAL:

The City of Lapu-Lapu has been recently declared as a highly urbanized City. The City introduced and developed different sports and recreational activities such as :

basketball, volleyball, softball, badminton, soccer, lawn tennis, swimming track and field and indoor games. Since Lapu-Lapu City is active in participating on the different sports activities sponsored by the different agencies, sport program is one of the priority programs of the City to keep its people always active, strong and healthy and to keep the youth away from illegal drug addiction.

Inventory of cultural facilities in Lapu-Lapu City indicated that a number of these facilities (at least 2) are existing in each barangay. Covered basketball courts and so-called multi purpose pavements can be found in almost all barangays of the City. The newly constructed Lapu-Lapu City Commercial and Entertainment Complex (also known as Lapu-Lapu City Hoopsdome) is located in Barangay Gun-ob.

A number of resorts have swimming pool facilities which are all located along the beach line of the City.

  • 3.0 Utilities: Power, Water, Communication Network, Waste Management

Power dependable capacity for Cebu is much less lower than its demand. For the morning peak (1 am to 8am)) the power demand for Cebu is 480 megawatts and the dependable capacity is only 211 megawatts. Between 2 pm to 6 pm the demand reached 471 megawatts while the dependable capacity is only 225 megawatts. For the evening peak (6pm to 12 midnight0 the total demand is 505 megawatts against the dependable capacity of 225 megawatts This is the usual demand and dependable capacity from Monday to Friday, which goes down by only 50 MW during Saturdays and Sundays .

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Although nearly all water used for urban purposes in Metro Cebu originate from groundwater sources, the wide variety of means by which households obtain access to that groundwater A not too recent survey conducted in Metro Cebu showed that about two thirds of the households rely solely on MCWD piped water connection. In addition, 3 to 4 percent of households also have MCWD connections but because of rationed supply, they also use other sources primarily its own wells. In fact, about 20% of households have two or more sources of water. These households use own well or vended water to supplement limited MCWD water for drinking and cooking from neighbors to supplement the less potable water from artesian wells and other vended water. The relatively high percentage of households with MCWD connections were located not far from the public transportation routes where most of the MCWD lines are, so the chances of getting MCWD services were higher. Aside from MCWD, small private waterworks catering mostly to residential subdivisions provide tap water to the rest of the households. A greater proportion of households are fully self-supplied using primarily deep wells.

In line with its vision to “leapfrog” into the digital age, the city government of Lapu-Lapu will strengthen its computerization project and expand its computer literacy program to include elementary schools. The Mayor has envisioned making Lapu-Lapu City the Asia’s version of Silicon Valley. To do this, the city will first develop the human resources in the area by urging the local school board to expand local government computer literacy project. The City is also studying the expansion of its vocational technological program to be included in the city college. The City is inviting computer schools and colleges to put up campuses in the City to better serve the community so that the vision of the City to have computer savvy generation will be achieved.

At present, 470 computer work stations have been distributed to different barangays to be used by high school students The City also identified the Mactan North Reclamation and Development Project as the site where the City will put up its version of he Silicon Valley.

Although the project is still in its planning stage, the City government will pursue the undertaking since most school children are eager to learn.

Aside from Information and Communication technology, tourism as a major growth driver has also been identified. With this, the City government will be

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rolling our an intensified tourism campaign through a program dubbed “The Sunny Side of Mactan”

The rapid increase in the population of Lapu-Lapu City and its burgeoning economy has made Solid Waste Management an urgent concern for the City. The establishment of three special economic zones (MEPZ I, MEPZ II and Cebu Light Industrial Park), the expansion of facilities like the Mactan-Cebu International Airport, the establishment of other commercial, industrial and institutional businesses have led to an increase in the volume of solid waste generated by the City. Add to these the changing lifestyle of the Lapu-Lapu City residents.

Results of the waste characterization conducted by the Solid Waste Management Office of Lapu-Lapu City revealed that only 7% of the wastes collected are residual in nature, with 42% non-biodegradable and 51% biodegradable.

Fig. 1. Nature of Waste Generated

Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I rolling our an intensified tourism campaign through a program

There are four kinds of wastes generated by companies inside the MEPZ, namely:

recyclables, toxic and hazardous wastes, kitchen wastes, and other wastes. Only the residual wastes are disposed through private garbage contractors to the Lapu- Lapu City Controlled Dumpsite.

On the other hand, the bulk of the waste generated outside the MEPZ is organic with high moisture content.

Total average waste generation in the City is 47 tons per day.

Waste Generation by Source, 2007

Source

Volume

Estimates per Individual

0.50 kg. per day

Barangays

47 tons per day

MEPZ

113 tons per day

City Garbage

51 tons per day

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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I Public Market 6 tons per day Source: LLC Solid

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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I Public Market 6 tons per day Source: LLC Solid

Public Market

6 tons per day

 

Source: LLC Solid Waste Management Board Study

Waste generators are required to segregate their garbage into compostable and non-compostable. These will have to be placed in separate containers that are sealed or tied. Garbage not stored in this way are not collected by the barangays or the city garbage collectors.

The following table shows the inventory of equipment and personnel for garbage collection of the City.

Inventory of Waste management Equipment and Personnel, 2009

Equipment/Personnel

Number

Lapulapu City

Garbage Vehicles

Mini-Dumptrucks (6 cu.m. capacity)

6

Compactor (13

1

cu.m. capacity)

Compactor (9

5

cu.m. capacity)

Compactor (7

5

cu.m. capacity)

Personnel

Drivers

14

Mactan Island Barangays

Collectors

42

Garbage Vehicles

Mini-Dumptrucks

26

Lapu-Lapu City has 14 garbage collection groups consisting of 1 driver and 3 collectors. Collection is done between 8PM to 5AM only, except for the public market where collection is done at daytime and evening.

MEPZ companies have their own garbage collectors, as with big establishments like Mactan Shangrila, Plantation Bay, and General Milling Corporation.

Collected garbage is disposed of in the City’s Material Recovery Facility located 4 km from Lapu-Lapu City proper. Straddling between barangays Mactan and Bankal, it has a total area of 2 hectares.

  • E. The Economic Structure

    • 1.0 Revenue sources (Industries, agriculture, etc.)

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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I The City of Lapu-Lapu plays a vital role to

The City of Lapu-Lapu plays a vital role to the overall development of Cebu Province and to Region VII as a whole. The Mactan International Airport provides the gateway of the region to the rest of the world and serves as transshipment point by air of cargoes and people plying to and from neighboring provinces in the Visayas and Mindanao. This factor favors the proliferation of airport oriented high value added industries.

The historic significance of the city, its attractive coastline with world-class resort hotels makes the area a prime destination to foreign and domestic tourist. Considering that tourism enhances goodwill among nations, the city has become a show window of Philippines culture, products and sea sports activities. The presence of three progressive economic zones made Lapu-Lapu City an important industrial center of the region as well as the country at large. Geared to supply the needs of the modern world, it has become the melting pot of technology thus upgrading further the labor skills of Central Visayas.

Lastly, receipts from tourism and export manufacturers contributed to the much needed dollar for our country to sustain development.

Services sector includes economic activities related to transportation, storage, communication, wholesale and retail, banking and finance, real estate, private services (i.e. education, medical, hotel and restaurant, recreation and culture) business services, personal services and government services.

Classified as a highly urbanized city having a tourism and industry inclined economy with very limited agricultural potential due to land constraint, services sector is the biggest contributor in terms of employment and production value. In the absence of Gross City Domestic Product Income Account, value of production of Lapu-Lapu City could not be ascertained. However, based on Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) of Central Visayas, the service sector contributed 55 percent of total value of goods and services produced in the economy in 2005 growing by 9.00 percent annually in the last decade.

Service sector in Lapu-Lapu City is dominated by hotel and restaurant, wholesale and retail, real estate renting, transportation and storage. In 2007, 654 service

establishments were registered with the business permit and license increased to 801 in 2008 increasing by 22.47 per cent.

office. .

This

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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I Significant growth is in transportation and storage increasing by

Significant growth is in transportation and storage increasing by 55.00 percent, followed by real estate development and renting (48.19 %), wholesale and retail (34.17 %), education (32.35 %) and health with 22.22 %.

Agriculture sector covers the sub-sector on crops, livestock and poultry, fisheries, and forestry. Except for fishery, the development potential of agriculture for Lapu- Lapu City is limited due to land constrain. With only 6,424 hectares of land area, the geology of the Mactan Island is mostly coral based, with little top soil for crop cultivation.

Secondly, classified as highly urbanized city and part of the Cebu Metropolis urban type of development is appropriate. As the site of the second largest international airport in the country, a leading tourist beach destination, and houses one on the more important export processing zone in the Philippines, its comparative advantage is towards the development of the service and industrial sector.

However meager is development potential of agriculture, a significant number of its population is still dependent on fishery and livestock production as their livelihood. The protection and rehabilitation of its marine resources will compliment the tourism thrust of Lapu-Lapu City.

2.0 Employment

Employment in the industry sector totaled 53,446 in year 2000. This increased to 72,455 in 2008 growing 3.87 percent per year. The sector is the major employment generator contributing half of the total city’s employment (Table 3.3.1). Employment is classified as local and transient workers. Local workers are those that reside in the city while transient workers are those residing elsewhere.

In 2000, transient workers were estimated to constitute 30 percent of the total sectoral employment. This increased to 41 percent in 2008 to indicate that more workers residing outside the city are hired by local establishments particularly those located inside industrial zones.

Employment in the service sector is estimated at 68,019 in 2008 contributing 46.00 percent of the total employment of the city (Table IV-21). These are mostly in the hotel and restaurant business, wholesale and retail trading, and transportation service accounting 65 percent of total employment in the service sector.

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Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020 Vol. I In 2008, the number of people engaged in agriculture

In 2008, the number of people engaged in agriculture as means of livelihood is estimated at 7,393 contributing around 5.00 percent to total employment of the city . These are mostly in fishery, and livestock production.

3.0

Average Family Income and Expenditure vis-à-vis Poverty Level

 

The National Statistics Office recently released the Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) for 2006. The results were at the national and regional. For purposes of this planning exercise, Region 7 results were used. The FIES revealed that the average annual family income in the region was PhP 122,000 with average annual expenditures at PhP 104,000.

 

Family Income and Expenditure Survey, 2006

 
 

2003

2006

Region

No. of

Average

Average

Average

No. of

Average

Average

Average

Families

Income

Exp.

Savings

Families

Income

Exp.

Savings

(000)

(P000)

(P000)

(P000)

(000)

(P000)

(P000)

(P000)

PHILIPPINES

16,480

148

124

24

17,403

142

121

21

Region VII

1,216

121

102

19

NA

122

104

17

Source of data: National Statistics Office, 2003 and 2006 Family Income and Expenditures Survey Final Results.