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HOMEWORK: PHILLIP II OF MACEDON

STUDENT NAME: _______________________


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DATE:

DIRECTIONS: Read the passage below.


Circle any dates that you find and
label the dates on the timeline below. Afterwards, answer the questions
that follow on page 13.
Around 380 BCE, Macedon was one of the poorest city-states in
Greece. Other city-states, like Athens and Corinth, looked down
upon the Macedonians. These parts of Greece made money
through trade. They could trade easily because they were next
to the Mediterranean Sea. Macedon was not next to the sea so
the Macedonians were not as wealthy as the Athenians and
Corinthians.
Born in 382 BCE, Phillip was the son of a king. In his youth, Phillip was
captured and held hostage in Thebes, the leading Greek city at the time.
While in captivity, Phillip received a military and diplomatic education from a
leading Greek scholar. When Phillip returned to Macedon after being freed in
364 BCE, he had a plan. After the death of his brother in 359 BCE, Phillip
became the king of Macedon. Phillip was tired of his people being the poorest
in Greece; he thought it wasnt fair. The Macedonians had a strong army, and
Phillip had received military training in his childhood. Phillip used his army to
conquer other city-states in Greece. That way, the Macedonians could get
money and food by trading on the Mediterranean Sea.
Phillip was a fierce warrior. In 358 BCE, Phillip married Audara, the greatgranddaughter of an Illyrian king. Despite his marriage to Audara, Phillip led
his army against her people in 357 BCE, killing 7,000 Illyrians in the battle.
The next year, Phillip and Audara gave birth to Alexander. Born in 356 BCE,
Alexander would eventually take over his fathers growing empire, learning
to fight ferociously, just like his father. In 354 BCE, Phillip led a battle against
the city of Methone, the last city controlled by the Athenian city-state.
Phillips army was victorious in war, but Phillip lost his eye after a brutal
battle.
By 338 BC, King Phillip had taken control of all of Greece. The Macedonians
went from being the poorest people in Greece to being the rulers of Greece.
In 336 BCE, Phillip was assassinated and his son, Alexander, took control of
the growing Greek empire. Alexander would become known as Alexander the
Great, a powerful king responsible for spreading Greek culture to most of the
known world. But Alexanders kingdom would not have been possible without
his father, Phillip II.

HOMEWORK: PHILLIP II OF MACEDON (continued)


STUDENT NAME: _______________________
______________

DATE:

DIRECTIONS: Fill in the chart below based on the reading. Afterwards,


answer the question that follows.
DETAILS ABOUT KING PHILLIP
(ACTIONS, BELIEFS,
APPEARANCE)

ONE CHARACTER TRAIT


ADJECTIVE THAT FULLY
DEFINES PHILLIP

OR

EXPLAIN WHY THE TRAIT FITS


(USING COMPLETE
SENTENCES)

AGREE OR DISAGREE: King Phillip II of Macedon was an EVIL king.


(Explain your answer using evidence from the text and complete sentences)
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