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Lap 5

Early Modern Europe

Renaissance And Reformation


Ms. Rothweiler

World History Spring Semester

The name Renaissance is given to the revival of learning. It began in Italy and slowly spread throughout Europe
effecting England in the 15th and 16th centuries. Knowledge spread with the invention of the Printing Press.
When the Turks captured Constantinople, scholars in that city fled from the wrath of the Turks to Italy with their
precious books. They established their own schools for Greek language and learning. The Press helped to
multiply the existing books. Also a spirit of inquiry and experiment developed.
The birth of the Modern Age in the history of Europe resulted in a number of scientific inventions, geographical
findings and revolutionary ideas. These affected not only the lives of the common Europeans, but it brought farreaching changes in the whole of Europe.
The period of the Renaissance symbolizes the transition from the medieval world to the modern age. When
Constantinople fell into the hands of the Turks, most of the scholars belonging to Greece took shelter in Italy.
The ideas and thoughts of these scholars spread in Italy. Due to this a new wind of knowledge started to blow
there. This encouraged perceptive people to question the out-moded attitudes of people and the blind
acceptance of orders from the ruling authorities. It asserted the dignity of human beings and the personality of
every individual.
Europeans revived the learning of Greek and Roman cultures. This appreciation contained the basic elements
that brought about revolutionary changes in the socio-economic and political areas of Europe. The idea of
following authority (as in medieval times) was now questioned. Men started to look towards freedom and liberal
ideas with great interest. They were no longer ready to suffer repression. They started asserting the dignity of
the person. As a result, humanism was a catalyst to new learning and classical liberalism. The Medieval Church
had discouraged progressive ideas on human affairs, and had strongly supported self-repression and asceticism,
which resulted in religious reform.
If the humanists were critical of the church and of Christianity as popularly practiced in Europe in the early 16th
century, many were quite unsympathetic about the religious upheaval which later in the century, produced
Protestantism and promoted religious intolerance and fanaticism.
In the "Middle Ages" learning and culture were sectarian as the Christian church had dominance in the fields of
art, science and letters. As a popular secular movement, the Renaissance helped to promote a spirit of
individualism. At a certain point in time it also assumed the character of a revolt against the ecclesiastical
monopoly on life and culture, thus, freeing the latter from the vicious hold of the church. The spirit of critical
inquiry and a wider outlook towards life resulted in the freedom from ecclesiastical tutelage.
Newer and livelier trends were developed in architecture, sculpture, music etc. The Renaissance focused
attention on Pagan culture and all its aspects came under its direct influence. This led to the development of
multi-dimensional arts. Michaelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Tiran etc. were some of the great artists of
this age. Although their art was basically Christian, the Renaissance encouraged the adaptation of classical art

The Renaissance is more than a time of change or transition. During this time, numerous changes
occurred in Europe particularly in art, literature, and culture. Europeans not only revisited the ideas
of the Greeks but they began to question the traditional institutions influencing their daily lives. As a
result, individuals began to question whether or not they had fundamental rights and freedoms. The
questioning greatly impacted the Catholic Church, and ultimately resulted in one of the most divisive
events in all of Europe, The Protestant Reformation. This unit will help you to understand the
transitions taking place and how these events impact our current view of world history.

LAP Five Essential Questions

Is Medieval Europe a period of darkness?

Are the crusades a Christian achievement or debacle?
How did the Renaissance & Reformation shape the modern world?
Why was the transition between the Middle Ages & the Renaissance/Reformation a
significant turning point in world history?
What is the most influential reason for the emergence of the Renaissance?
Is the printing press the most important invention in modern history?
Were Luther and Calvin justified in their criticisms of the Catholic Church ?
How was the Northern Renaissance different from the Italian Renaissance?
Did the Catholic Church respond appropriately to the Reformation?


Ms. Deb Rothweiler, drothweiler@iwacademy.org

LAP Information
LAP 5 Renaissance and Reformation
Materials needed for LAP:
Use of Internet if you have a device bring to class
Materials for selected project
Online resources

LAP Objectives: Upon Completion of this LAP students will be able to:

Analyze whether or not the Middle Ages was a age of darkness,

Evaluate whether or not the Crusades were positive for the Catholic Church.
Evaluate the causes of the Renaissance
Compare and contrast Medieval art with Renaissance art
Discuss the impact of humanism and individualism on Europeans
Compare and contrast Italian Renaissance with the Northern Renaissance
7. Evaluate the causes and effects of the Reformation

8. Terms/Events/People: be able to identify/define including the significance during the period


Lorenzo de Medici,
John Calvin,

Baldassacre Castiglione,
Leonardo da Vinci,
Michelangelo Buonarroti,
Protestantism, sect
Renaissance Man,
end justifies the means,
Henry VIII,
Martin Luther, Jesuits,

Niccolo Machiavelli,
Ignatius of Loyola

Independent and/Open Lab Assignments/Enrichment:

1. Enrichment Assignments- posted on www.rothiwa.com
3. Project:


1. TBA

First Class Meeting:
Review Class Expectations
Begin the class with the anticipatory activity
Work on Medieval assignment
Essential Question: How dark were the Dark Ages
Second Class Meeting:
Due At the Beginning of Class 5-1
Essential Question: Was Medieval Europe a dark period?
Third Class Meeting
Due at the beginning of Class 5-2
Essential Question: What was medieval life like

B Day January 6 for Africa
and China
C Day for India
E Day January 11- All Sections
F Day January 12 India
G Day January 13 Africa and

Fourth Class Meeting:

Work Day

H Day Jan 13 India

J Day Jan 14 Africa and China

Fifth Class Meeting

Due by the beginning of class Presentations for 5-3
Essential question: How Glorious were the Crusades

K Day January 19 India

B Day January 21 China and

Sixth Class Meeting

Due by the beginning of class: Assignment 5-4
In class activity on Renaissance
Essential Question: What was the greatest influence on the
emergence of the Renaissance

C Day January 22- India

D Day January 25- China and

Seventh Class Meeting

Due at the beginning of class Assignment 5-5
Focus of Class: Art Activity
Essential Question: How was the Northern Renaissance different from
the Italian Renaissance

E Day January 26- All Sections

Eighth Class Meeting

Due at the beginning class: Assignment 5-6
Class focus: Inventions of the Renaissance DBQ on printing press
Essential question: How did the Renaissance & Reformation shape the
modern world?

F Day January 27 India

G Day Jan 28 China and Africa

Ninth Class Meeting

Due at the beginning of class: Assignment 5-7
Class focus: Criticisms against the Catholic Church
Essential question: Were Luther and Calvin justified in their criticisms
of the Catholic Church

H Day Feb 1 India

J Day Feb 2 Africa and China


K Day Feb 3 All Sections

Class Meeting
No assignment due
Class focus. The Reformational leaders
Essential Question: Were Luther and Calvin justified in their
criticisms of the Catholic Church

Eleventh Class Meeting

Due at the beginning of class 5-8
Essential Question : How appropriate was the Catholic Churchs
Twelfth Class Meeting
Due at the beginning of class: Objective 10 terms/people/events
Review lap

A Day Feb 4 India

B Day Feb 5 Africa and China
C Day Feb 8 India
D Day Feb 9 Africa and China

Homework Assignment Explanations

All Assignment explanations are on Google Classroom