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Joe 2010

Joe 2010

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Published by: zerohedge on Apr 14, 2010
Direitos Autorais:Attribution Non-commercial


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While states and other conventional powers will remain the principal brokers of power, there is an undeniable
diffusion of power to unconventional, nonstate, or trans-state actors. While these groups have rules of their
own, they exist and behave outside the recognized norms and conventions of society.

Some transnational organizations seek to operate beyond state control and acquire the tools and means
to challenge states and utilize terrorism against populations to achieve their aims. These unconventional
transnational organizations possess no regard for international borders and agreements. The discussion below
highlights two examples: militias and super-empowered individuals.

Militias represent armed groups, irregular yet recognizable as an armed force, operating within ungoverned
areas or in weak failing states. They range from ad hoc organizations with shared identities to more permanent
groups possessing the ability to provide goods, services, and security along with their military capabilities.
Militias challenge the sovereignty of the state by breaking the monopoly on violence traditionally the preserve
of states. An example of a modern day militia is Hezbollah, which combines state-like technological and
warfghting capabilities with a “substate” political and social structure inside the formal state of Lebanon.

One does not need a militia to wreak havoc. Pervasive information, combined with lower costs for many
advanced technologies, have already resulted in individuals and small groups possessing increased ability
to cause signifcant damage and slaughter. Time and distance constraints are no longer in play. Such groups
employ niche technologies capable of attacking key systems and providing inexpensive countermeasures to
costly systems. Because of their small size, such groups of the “super-empowered” can plan, execute, receive
feedback, and modify their actions, all with considerable agility and synchronization. Their capacity to cause
serious damage is out of all proportion to their size and resources.

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