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# Name: Palma, Joebert Jr. A.

## Date: 14 January 2016

Cooperating Teacher: Mr. Joey Kevin D. Tiongco
A Detailed Lesson Plan in Physics for Grade 9
8:20 AM 9:10 AM
I.

Objectives:
At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:
a) identify the types of collision
b) describe the effects of momentum in collision
c) derive equations using momentum formulas for collision; and
d) cite the importance of collisions in everyday life

## II. Subject Matter: Collisions

III. Instructional Materials
A. Audio Visual Aids: PowerPoint/Prezi Presentation
B. References
1. Padua, A. & Crisostomo, R. (2010). Practical and explorational physics:
modular approach. Quezon: Vibal Publishing House, Inc.
2. Nave, C. (2016). HyperPhysics: mechanics. Georgia State University.
Retrieved, 9 January 2016, from
http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/elacol.html
3. The Physics Classroom (2015). Mechanics: momentum and collisions.
Retrieved 9 January 2016, from
http://www.physicsclassroom.com/calcpad/momentum
IV. Procedure
Teachers Activity

Students Activity

A. Routine
1. Greetings
Good morning, class. Hows Good morning, Sir.
your day?
Whos absent today?

## Were fine, Sir. Thank you.

Nobody is absent, Sir.

B. Motivation
Today, we will have an
activity. Here, I have several
cards and each card has a
statement. Since you are in
three columns here, we will
have three groups for this
activity. With these cards, I
will ask you to sort them into
what are true statements
and
what
are
false
statements. Later, I will ask
those who are seated at the
back of your column to
present your cards. You have
3 minutes, class, to discuss.

Okay, Sir.

True/False Cards
C1

## A basketball will bounce back

higher than its height of release.

C2

beach sand.

C3

pushes you back.

C4

## Its possible that Neptune can

collide with Pluto.

C5

chess.

C6

## In theory, a planet collided with

Earth which brought the
extinction of dinosaurs.

C7

## When you dribble a basket ball

at an angle, the ball will bounce
in the same angle.
2

## Are you ready now to

present, class?
Lets start with Group 3.
Presenters, please come here
in front and present your
cards.
Very good, Group 3. You are
correct that cards 3, 5, abd 7
are true while the others are
false.
[The activity ends when all questions
are answered.]
C. Presentation of the Lesson
Now, what do you think will
our topic be about? Yes,
Jane?
Very good, Jane. Surely our
topic is about collision, can
anybody tell me something
about collisions? Yes Wynn?
Thats
correct,
Wynn.
Collisions
happen
when
objects bump or clashes on
surfaces or on other objects,
but more practically, can
anybody give me an example
of a collision?
Yes Carl?
Very good, Carl. Car accidents
brought about by collisions
are very dangerous, so when
in a moving vehicle, be

Yes, Sir.
Sir, the True statements are:
Cards 3, 5, and 7. The others
are false.

## About objects that collide, sir?

Sir, I think, collisions happen
when objects clash into each
other or into surfaces.

## During a car crash, or even

when a basketball hits the
ground when being dribbled.

mindful of the
safety
precautions like wearing
seatbelts or protective wear.
Understood?

Yes sir.

## Later on, we will be discussing

different
categories
of
collisions, which will explain
the difference between the
collisions between objects.
Are you ready?
A. Activity
Very well. Now, I will group
you into 5. Since weve
checked
about
your
familiarity with collisions, per
group I will give you sets of
marbles that you will
manipulate depending on the
instructions that I will be
giving. Are you grouped and
ready class?

Yes sir!

## Be ready, because after this

activity, I will have you explain
what we have done with the
marbles.
Okay class, here is the first
instruction, I need you to
make two marbles collide
with each other. Done?

observations]
Yes, sir.

## Next, put one marble at rest

and have one marble collide
with it. Are my instructions

## Yes, sir. [The students do the as

what is instructed and made
4

## clear so far class? Have you

done it?
Lastly, have one of your
members hold one marble in
place using a finger, done?
Now make the other marble
collide with the one that is
being held in place.
B. Analysis
Now that were done, sit tight
and lets start explaining
what had happened with
your activity, ready class?
On the first task, you made
the two marbles move
towards each other so that
they will collide. After
colliding, what happened to
the marbles?
Yes, Andy?
Youre correct, Andy. In the
first instruction, the two
marbles moved apart after
colliding.
How about the second task?
Who can give us observations
about what had happened
when a marble in motion,
collided one marble that was
at rest? Yes Tristan?

observations]

Yes, sir.

observations]

Yes sir!

## Sir, the two marbles instantly

moved apart from each other,
in opposite directions.

## Sir, when the moving marble

collided with the one at rest,
the non-moving marble moved
along the direction of the
moving marble.

## Correct, Tristan. In the case of

the second task, when the
moving marble collided with
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## the one at rest, the two

marbles moved in the same
direction.
How about the third task?
The marble in motion
collided with the one that
was being held down, what
observations have you taken
about this event? Yes
Andrea?
Youre right, Andrea. In the
third instruction, the moving
marble, obviously, bounced
back as it collided with the
held marble.
C. Abstraction
Class, go back to your seats
now. Here, I have a tennis
ball. Observe what happens
when I drop the ball on the
floor.
[drops ball]
Class, what objects collided
when I dropped the ball? Yes,
Jan?
Correct, Jan. The ball and the
floor collided. Now, what
type of collision happened?
May I ask Jet?
Very good, Jet. When the ball

bounced back.

marble

Sir.

## bounced, elastic collision

happened. In the activity
earlier, which one was elastic
6

## collision? Yes, Ann?

Very
good.
The
first
instruction was an example
of elastic collision.
Now, eyes here in front. I will
drop a plastic container on
the floor. I want you to
observe and identify what
type of collision will happen.
[drops a plastic container]
Can you identify what type of
collision happened? May I
ask, Jena?
Youre right, Jena. Inelastic
collision happened when I
dropped the plastic bottle on
the floor. Why do you think it
is inelastic collision? Yes,
Miles?
Very good, Miles. The plastic
bottle did not reach its
original
position
after
bouncing. In scientific terms,
some of the bottles kinetic
energy was lost.
Now, I will drop a book on
the floor. What do you think
will happen, class? Will the
book bounce? Yes, Leah?
Thank you, Leah. Youre right.

## The elastic collision was the

first instruction, Sir. The two
marbles bounced and moved
separately.

Sir.

## After colliding, Sir, the plastic

bottle did not reach its original
position when it bounced.

## Lets see what will happen

when I drop this book.
[drops book]
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## Leah is right, class, that the

book will not bounce. Now,
what type of collision is this?
May I ask Carl?
Why is it perfectly inelastic,
Carl?
Very good, Carl. Since the
book did not bounce, its
kinetic energy was lost in the
collision with the floor.
So class, what are the three
types of collision? Yes, Mark?
Very good, Mark. The types
of collision are elastic,
inelastic,
and
perfectly
inelastic.
Now, class, from your activity,
what factors have great
effects in the collision of
marbles? Yes, Allysa?
Very good, Allysa. Mass and
velocity can affect collision.
And we call that momentum.
What do you think will
happen, class, if I will roll this
marble to a bowling bowl?
May I ask Vince?
Why will it bounce to the
other direction?
Very, good. Therefore, mass
and velocity
momentum.
In
my

can

affect

## It is perfectly inelastic, Sir,

because the book did not
bounce at all or all of its kinetic
energy was lost.

## The three types of collision are

elastic, inelastic, and perfectly
inelastic.

## From the previous lesson, Sir, I

think mass and velocity affects
the collision of marbles.

## The marble will bounce to the

opposite direction, Sir.

## The marble will bounce to the

other direction, Sir, because
the bowling is heavier than the
marble.

PowerPoint
8

## presentation, I will show you

how collision works with
momentum.
Class, momentum is mass in
motion. Therefore, we can
assume that heavier objects
have greater momentum.
However, light objects can
also
have
as
much
momentum as a heavy
object, depending on its
velocity.
Momentum
p = mv
m1v1 + m2v2 = m1v1 + m2v2
Again class, describe the
effects of momentum in
collisions. May I ask Jana?
Very good, Jana. So in physics
or in mechanics, momentum
is very useful because it has
practical applications. So
later, you will discover why
they are important in the
practical world.
For now, class, I want you to
derive formulas. Last week,
you spent time on deriving
formulas from a given

## Momentum can determine

how strong the impact will be
in colliding objects, sir. Heavy
objects and fast objects can
have great momentum, and
therefore, can alter objects
after collisions.

## equation. So now, you will

apply what you have learned.
With your learning buddy, I
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## want you to find the value of

v1 and v2, and m1 and m2 in
the equation m1v1 + m2v2 =
m1v1 + m2v2. I will only give
you 3 minutes.
Are you now ready, class? [sample computation]
May I ask Karylle to find the
value of v1, on the board
please.
Thank you, Karylle. Now,
using the derived formulas, I
will give you a sample
problem.
D. Application
Class, please work with your
pair in answering this sample
problem.
A 0.01-kg marble was
rolled to the right at 0.05
m/s and made an elastic
collision with a 0.015-kg
marble moving to the left
at 0.03 m/s. After the
collision,
the
smaller
marble moved to the left
at 0.002 m/s. Find the
velocity of the 15-g marble
after collision.

[student answer]
Given:

Find:
Solution:

to do this.

10

## Are you done, class? May I

ask Angelie to show their
answers on the board?
So, after collision, the
velocity of the larger marble
is 0.002 m/s, which is equal
to the velocity after collision
of the smaller marble.
As you noticed, the two
marbles have different mass
and velocities but they have
equal
velocities
after
collision. What can you infer,
class? We discussed it earlier.
Can I ask, Jena?
Very good, Jena. Collision
and momentum will depend
on the mass and velocity of
objects.
D. Values Integration
So,
class,
is
collision
important in our life? May I
ask Karl? Karl, what do you
think is the importance of
collision or the mere
understanding of collision?

## Heavier objects can have great

momentum, sir. However, light
objects can also have great
momentum if they are moving
fast.

Through
understanding,
collisions, sir, we can prevent
casualties in road accidents.

## Very good, Karl. So through

understanding how collision
works, we can reduce
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## casualties in road accidents.

Another hand please. Yes,
Jerome?
Youre right, Jerome. Again,
as you have sad, the mass
and velocity of an object
have effects on its impact.
So class, that is all for today.
Thank
you
for
your
participation. Good bye and
thank you, class.

## We can prevent damages in

materials, sir, especially those
which are fragile, when we
understand collision.

## Good bye and thank you, Sir Jb.

V. Assignment
A. What:
Solve the given problem:
A 1800-kg car is moving at 30 m/s eastward. It collides head on with a
2200-kg garbage truck. What is the initial velocity of the truck if the car
and the truck move together after collision at 12 m/s?
B. Where to write: One whole intermediate paper
C. When to pass: Next meeting
D. Number of points: Thirty (20) points
VI. Strategies Used
Motivation
Lesson Proper
a)
Group discussion
b)
Lecturette
c)
Values integration

True/False Cards
Group discussions and colliding
marbles activity;
Presentation (definition of momentum,
types of collisions, and momentum
formulas);
Q&A

Application

## Paper and pen, learning buddy

Assignment

Written assignment.

Subject Matter Expert for EDUC 910: Ms. Mary June Gonzales
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