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THE RISE OF

TOTALITARIAN LEADERS

The Buildup to World War II


By Mr. Donez

Warm Up Lesson
Introduction
Observe the political
cartoon and answer
the Political Cartoon
Analysis Sheet on the
first page of your
Guided Notes Packets.
Be prepared to share
your observations and
answers with your
peers and teacher.

1. Fascism in Italy

A. What is
Fascism?

A political
movement that
promotes extreme
nationalism, denial
of individual rights,
and a dictatorial
one-party rule.

1. Fascism in Italy

B. Benito Mussolini Assumes Control Of


Italy

The Paris Peace Conference took place in


1919
Other factors in the rise of fascism in Italy
included:
Rising

inflation
High unemployment

C . Mussolini founded the Fascist Party in


1919

The black shirts acted as his military

1. Fascism in Italy

D. The Leadership of
Benito Mussolini

Known as Il Duce, which


translates to the
leader
Used a secret police and
was a big proponent of
censorship

CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION #1


Who is Benito Mussolini and what is
his relationship to fascism?

2. The Rise of Hitler

A. The Rise of Nazism and Adolf Hitler

Known as der Fhrer (translates to leader)


of the Nazi Party
Nazi Partys symbol was the swastika
Originally attempted to take over Munich in
1923, but was sent to prison, where he
wrote Mein Kampf.

2. The Rise of Hitler

Considered Aryans
the master race,
the Treaty of
Versailles an
outrage, and
Germanys need
for lebensraum.
Germans turned to
Hitler during the
Great Depression

HITLER SPEECH

2. The Rise of Hitler

B. Hitler as Chancellor

Was named chancellor by President Hindenburg, where


he immediately turned Germany into a totalitarian state.
Wanted control over all aspects of German life
(propaganda was used heavily in this regard.).
Deprived Jews by implementing laws and limiting their
rights, which also attacking them during the Kristallnacht.
Anti-Semitism is the hatred of Jews (part of Nazi ideology)

Critical Thinking Question #2


- Hitler was notorious for his use of propaganda. Why do
you think he was so successful at this?

3. An Empire for Japan

A. Emperor Hirohito
became Japans head of
state after militarists took
control of the country.

Their goal was to create


more nationalism by
establishing an empire in
the Pacific
Challenged the League of
Nations by invading
Manchuria
Also invaded China,
controlling a large part in
1937

3. An Empire for Japan

B. Germany, Italy, and


Japan form an alliance
known as the Axis Powers

Japanese military became


more aggressive during
this time
Attack on Pearl Harbor
(Hirohito is said to have
been unenthusiastic about
the attack)
Pearl Harbor Images and Audio
Critical Thinking Question #3
- Many point to the Emperors reluctance to
participate in the attack on Pearl Harbor. Why
could this have been?

Lesson Closure

Please take out a half-sheet of line paper


A 3-2-1 Exit Card will be your ticket out of class
today. On it, I would like the following written:

Three new things you have learned during todays lecutre


EXAMPLE

Two questions you still have regarding the lecture


EXAMPLE

Why did Hirohito...

One comment about the lecture


EXAMPLE

- Today, I learned Hitler...

I enjoyed learning about...

Once you have completed your 3-2-1 Exit Card,


please share with your partner what you have written
down. YOU CANNOT LEAVE CLASS UNTIL YOU TURN
THIS IN!