NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Local
Law Filing
_______

41 STATE STREET, ALBANY, NY 12231

(Use this form to file a local law with the Secretary of State)
Text of law should be given as amended. Do not include matter being eliminated and do not use italics or
underlining to indicate new matter.
Town of Clayton
Local Law No. 2 of the year 2016
A Local Law to Repeal Local Law No. 1 of the year 2007, Local Law No. 1 of the year 2011, and
Local Law No. 2 of 2011, and to Further Regulate Wind Energy Facilities Within the Town of
Clayton
(Insert title)

Be it enacted by the Town Board of the Town of Clayton as follows:
(Name of Legislative Body)

Local Laws repealed.

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Section 1.

Local No. 1 of the year 2007, Local Law No. 1 of the year 2011, and Local Law No. 2 of the year
2011 are hereby repealed in their entirety and replaced with this local law.
Section 2.

Title.

This Local Law may be cited as the "Wind Energy Facilities" law of the Town of Clayton, New York."
Section 3.

Purpose.

Authority

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Section 4.

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The Town Board of the Town of Clayton adopts this local law to prevent harming public health and
safety, and to avoid jeopardizing the welfare of the residents of the Town of Clayton from negative
aspects of Commercial Wind Energy Facilities.

The Town Board of the Town of Clayton enacts this Local Law under the authority granted by
1.

Article IX of the New York State Constitution, §2(c)(6) and (10).

2.

New York Statute of Local Governments, § 10(1), (6), and (7).

3.

New York Municipal Home Rule Law, §10(1)(i) and (ii) and §10(1)(a)(6), (11), (12), and
(14).

4.

The supersession authority of New York Municipal Home Rule Law, § 10(1)(d)(3);
specifically as it relates to determining which body shall have power to grant variances
under this Local Law, to the extent such grant of power is different than under town Law
§267.

5.

New York Town Law, Article 16 (Zoning).

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6.

New York Town Law §130(1)(Building Code), (3)(Electrical code), (5) (Fire Prevention),
(7) (Use of streets and highways), (7-a) (Location of Driveways), (11) (Peace, good
order and safety), (15) (Promotion of public welfare), (15-a) (Excavated lands), (16)
(Unsafe buildings), (19) (Trespass), and (25) (Building lines).

7.

New York Town Law §64(17-a) (preservation of historic places/protection of aesthetic
interests), (23) (General powers).

Section 5.

Findings

The Town Board of the Town of Clayton finds and declares that:
While wind energy is a potential abundant, renewable and nonpolluting energy
resource of the Town, and its conversion to electricity may reduce dependence on
nonrenewable energy sources and decreases the air and water pollution that results
from the use of conventional energy sources, the potential benefits must be balanced
against potential negative impacts.

2.

Regulation of the siting and installation of wind turbines is necessary for protecting the
health, safety, and welfare of neighboring property owners and the general public.

3.

Large-scale multiple-tower Industrial or Commercial Wind Energy Facilities represent
significant potential negative aesthetic impacts because of their large site, lighting, and
shadow flicker effects.

4.

Installation of large-scale multiple-tower Industrial or Commercial Wind Energy
Facilities can create drainage problems through erosion and lack of sediment control of
facility and access road sites, and harm farmlands through improper construction
methods.

5.

Large-scale multiple-tower Industrial or Commercial Wind Energy Facilities may
present risks to the property values of adjoining property owners.

6.

Large scale Industrial or Commercial Wind Energy Facilities may be significant sources
of noise, which, if unregulated, can negatively impact adjoining properties, particularly
in areas of low ambient noise levels.

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7.

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1.

Construction of large-scale multiple-tower Industrial or Commercial Wind Energy
Facilities can create traffic problems and damage local roads.

8.

If improperly sited, large-scale multiple-tower Industrial or Commercial Wind Energy
Facilities can interfere with various types of communications.

9.

The Town of Clayton has many scenic view sheds which would be negatively impacted
by largescale multiple-tower Industrial or Commercial Wind Energy Facilities.

10.

Since the enactment of Town of Clayton Local Law No. 1 of 2007, as amended by
Town of Clayton Local Law No. 1 of 2011, the technology of Commercial Wind Energy
Facilities has resulted in a significant increase in the height of the towers and the size of
the turbines, which will necessarily increase the radius of the view shed of the Facilities.

11.

Since the enactment of Town of Clayton Local Law No. 1 of 2007, as amended by
Local Law No. 1 of 2011, the Town of Clayton has adopted a revised Local Waterfront

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Revitalization Plan which includes the establishment of a Scenic Overlay District in
recognition of the importance of the scenic assets of the St. Lawrence River to the
community.
12.

Significant public and private dollars have been invested in infrastructure within the
Town of Clayton to enhance the regions principal industry, tourism, which is based in
large part on the scenic beauty of the region.

13.

Installation of Industrial or Commercial Wind Energy Facilities in the Town of Clayton
will have a negative affect on the scenic beauty of the region, will be detrimental to the
region’s tourism industry, and is inconsistent with the culture and character of the
community.

Section 6.

Permit Required

No Industrial or Commercial Wind Energy Facilities shall be constructed, reconstructed, modified, or
operated in the Town of Clayton.

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Small Wind Energy Conversion Systems shall be permitted within the Town of Clayton only in
connection with Agricultural Operations, as defined in the New York Agriculture and Markets Law, and
only within an Agricultural District designated as such pursuant to the New York Agriculture and
Markets Law, and shall be subject to the requirements and permitting process of this local law.
No Wind Measurement tower shall be constructed, reconstructed, modified, or operated in the Town of
Clayton.
This Local Law shall apply to all areas of the Town of Clayton.
Section 7.

Definitions

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As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:

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INDUSTRIAL or COMMERCIAL WIND ENERGY FACILITY – Any single or multiple wind
turbine, equipment, Wind Energy Conversion System designed for the generation of electrical
power for connection to the power grid and/or the sale of electrical power, and includes nay
such turbine or facility with a generating capacity of more than 100 kilowatts (100 kw).
WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM – A machine that converts the kinetic energy in the
wind into a usable form (commonly known as “wind turbine” or “windmill”).
LARGE WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM – A Wind Energy Conversion System larger
than 100 kilowatts. A Wind Energy Facility consisting of a wind turbine, a tower and associated
control or conversion electronics, which has a nameplate rating of more than 100 kilowatts.
WIND TURBINE TOWER - Wind generating facility which generates original power on-site.
WIND TURBINE TOWER, PRIVATE - An individual wind turbine tower used to generate power
for on-site use by the property owner or home-owner, except for the required electrical current
feed-back to the power company.
WIND MEASUREMENT TOWER - A tower used for the measurement of
data such as temperature, wind speed and wind direction.

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meteorological

SMALL WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM (Small WECS) – A Wind Energy
Conversion System operated in connection with an Agricultural Operation consisting of a wind
turbine, a tower, and associated control or conversion electronics, which has a rated capacity
of not more than 100 kw or 110% of the anticipated electrical needs of the Agricultural
Operation, whichever is greater, and which is intended to primarily reduce consumption of
utility power for said Operation.
Section 8.

Applicability

The requirements of this Local Law shall apply to all Wind Turbine Towers proposed, operated,
modified or constructed after the effective date of this Local Law.
Section 9.

Small Wind Energy Conversion Systems

a) Purpose and Intent

b) Applications.

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The purpose of this Section is to provide standards for small wind energy conversion
systems designed for Agricultural use on the same parcel, and that are primarily used to
reduce consumption of utility power at that location.

Applications for Small WECS Wind Energy Facility Permits shall be considered an
application for a special use permit and shall include:
1. Name, address, telephone number of the applicant. If the applicant will be represented
by an agent, the name, address and telephone number of the agent as well as an
original signature of the applicant authorizing the agent to represent the applicant.

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2. Name, address, telephone number of the property owner. If the property owner is not
the applicant, the application shall include a letter or other written permission signed by
the property owner (i) confirming that the property owner is familiar with the proposed
applications and (ii) authorizing the submission of the application.
3. Proof that the property where the Small WECS is proposed is included within an
Agricultural District duly designated as such pursuant to the New York Agriculture and
Markets Law, and that the proposed Small WECS is intended to reduce utility
consumption in connection with an Agricultural Operation being conducted on the
property as those operations are defined in the New York Agriculture and Markets Law.
4. Address of each proposed tower location, including Tax Map section, block and lot
number.
5. Evidence that the proposed tower height does not exceed the height recommended by
the manufacturer or distributor of the system.
6. A line drawing of the electrical components of the system in sufficient detail to allow for a
determination that the manner of installation conforms to the Building Code of the State
of New York..

7. Sufficient information demonstrating that the system will be used primarily to reduce

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consumption of electricity for the Agricultural Operation.
8. Written evidence that the electric utility service provider that serves the proposed Site
has been informed of the applicant's intent to install an interconnected customer-owned
electricity generator, unless the applicant does not plan, and so states so in the
application, to connect the system to the electricity grid.
c) Development Standards.
All Small WECS shall comply with the following standards.
1. A system shall be located on a lot a minimum of one acre in size.
2. Small Wind energy systems shall be used primarily to reduce the on-site consumption of
electricity in connection with Agricultural Operations.
3. Tower heights may be allowed as follows:
195 feet or less on parcels between one and five acres.

ii.

The allowed height shall be reduced if necessary to comply with all applicable
Federal Aviation Requirements, including Subpart B (commencing with Section
77.11) of Part 77 of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations regarding
installations close to airports.

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i.

4. The maximum turbine power output is limited to 100 KW or 110% of the anticipated
electrical needs of the Agricultural Operation, whichever is greater.

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5. The system's tower and blades shall be painted a non-reflective, unobtrusive color that
blends the system and its components into the surrounding landscape to the greatest
extent possible and incorporate non-reflective surfaces to minimize any visual disruption.

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6. The system shall be designed and located in such a manner to minimize adverse visual
impacts from public viewing areas.
7. Exterior lighting on any structure associated with the system shall not be allowed except
that which is specifically required by the Federal Aviation Administration.
8. All on-site electrical wires associated with the system shall be installed underground
except for "tie-ins" to a public utility company and public utility company transmission
poles, towers and lines. This standard may be modified by the Planning Board if the
project terrain is determined to be unsuitable due to reasons of excessive grading,
biological impacts, or similar factors.
9. The system shall be operated such that no disruptive electromagnetic interference is
caused. If it has been demonstrated that a system is causing harmful interference, the
system operator shall promptly mitigate the harmful interference or cease operation of
the system.

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10. At least one sign shall be posted on the tower at a height of five feet warning of electrical
shock or high voltage and harm from revolving machinery. No brand names, logo or
advertising shall be placed or painted on the tower, rotor, generator or tail vane where it
would be visible from the ground, except that a system or tower's manufacturer's logo
may be displayed on a system generator housing in an unobtrusive manner
11. Towers shall be constructed to provide one of the following means of access control, or
other appropriate method of access:
i. Tower-climbing apparatus located no closer than 12 feet from the ground.
ii. A locked anti-climb device installed on the tower.
iii. A locked, protective fence at least six feet in height that encloses the tower.

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12. Anchor points for any guy wires for a system tower shall be located within the property
that the system is located on and not on or across any above-ground electric
transmission or distribution lines. The point of attachment for the guy wires shall be
enclosed by a fence six feet high or sheathed in bright orange or yellow covering from
three to eight feet above the ground.
13. Construction of on-site access roadways shall be minimized. Temporary access roads
utilized for initial installation shall be re-graded and re-vegetated to the pre-existing
natural condition after completion of installation.

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14. To prevent harmful wind turbulence from existing structures, the minimum height of the
lowest part of any horizontal axis wind turbine blade shall be at least 30 feet above the
highest structure or tree within a 250 foot radius. Modification of this standard may be
made when the applicant demonstrates that a lower height will not jeopardize the safety
of the wind turbine structure.

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15. All small wind energy system tower structures shall be designed and constructed to be in
compliance with pertinent provisions of the Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code.
16. All small wind energy systems shall be equipped with manual and automatic over-speed
controls. The conformance of rotor and over-speed control design and fabrication with
good engineering practices shall be certified by the manufacture.
d) Standards
A Small Wind Energy System shall comply with the following standards:
1. Setback requirements. A Small WECS shall not be located closer to a property line than
one and one half times the Total Height of the facility
2. Noise. Except during short-term events including utility outages and severe wind storms,
a Small WECS shall be designed, installed, and operated so that noise generated by the
system shall not exceed ambient noise levels (exclusive of the development proposed)
by more than 6 dBA at the nearest property line to any proposed Small WECS. Sites
can include more than one piece of property and the requirement shall apply to the
combined properties. In the event the ambient sound pressure level exceeds 50 dBA, the
standard shall be ambient dBA plus a maximum of 5 dBA. Independent certification shall

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be provided before and after construction demonstrating compliance with this
requirement.
e) Abandonment of Use
A Small WECS which is not used for twelve (12) successive months shall be deemed abandoned
and shall be dismantled and removed from the property at the expense of the property owner.
Failure to abide by and faithfully comply with this section or with any and all conditions that may be
attached to the granting of any building permit shall constitute grounds for the revocation of the
permit by the Town Planning Board.
All Small WECS shall be maintained in good condition and in accordance with all requirements of
this section.
Section 10.

Severability

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Should any provision of this Local Law be declared by the courts to be unconstitutional or invalid, such
decision shall not affect the validity of this Local Law as a whole or any part thereof other than the part
so decided to be unconstitutional or invalid.

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(If additional space is needed, attach pages the same size as this sheet, and number each.)

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(Complete the certification in the paragraph that applies to the filing of this local law and strike out that which is
not applicable.)
1. (Final adoption by local legislative body only.) I hereby certify that the local law annexed hereto, designated as
local law No. 1 of 2016 of the Town of Clayton was duly passed by the Board on ______________, 2016, in
accordance with the applicable provisions of law.

2. (Passage by local legislative body with approval, no disapproval or repassage after disapproval by the Elective
Chief Executive Officer*.)
I hereby certify that the local law annexed hereto, designated as local law No. of 20 of
the (County)(City)(Town)(Village) of _______________________________________________was duly passed by the
_______________________________________on ____________________20_____, and was (approved)(not approved)
(Name of Legislative Body)
(repassed after disapproval) by the ____________________________________________ and was deemed duly adopted
(Elective Chief Executive Officer*)
on __________________ 20____, in accordance with the applicable provisions of law.

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3. (Final adoption by referendum.)
I hereby certify that the local law annexed hereto, designated as local law No. of 20 of
the (County)(City)(Town)(Village) of _______________________________________________was duly passed by the
_______________________________________on ____________________20_____, and was (approved)(not approved)
(Name of Legislative Body)
(repassed after disapproval) by the ______________________________________ on ___________________ 20____
(Elective Chief Executive Officer*)

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Such local law was submitted to the people by reason of a (mandatory)(permissive) referendum, and received the
affirmative vote of a majority of the qualified electors voting thereon at the (general)(special)(annual) election held on
20____ , in accordance with the applicable provisions of law.

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4. (Subject to permissive referendum and final adoption because no valid petition was filed requesting
referendum.) I hereby certify that the local law annexed hereto, designated as local law No. ________ of 20____ of the
of the (County)(City)(Town)(Village) of __________________________ was duly passed by
____________________________________ on ____________________ 20______, and was (approved)(not approved)
(Name of Legislative Body)
(repassed after disapproval) by the ______________________________________ on _____________ 20___. Such local
(Elective Chief Executive Officer)
law was subject to permissive referendum and no valid petition requesting such referendum was filed as of____________
20___, in accordance with the applicable provisions of law.

Elective Chief Executive Officer means or includes the chief executive officer of a county elected on a county-wide basis or, if there
be none, the chairperson of the county legislative body, the mayor of a city or village, or the supervisor of a town where such officer
is vested with the power to approve or veto local laws or ordinances.

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(8)

5. (City local law concerning Charter revision proposed by petition.)
I hereby certify that the local law annexed hereto, designated as local law No. ___of 20_____ of the City of
______________________ having been submitted to referendum pursuant to the provisions of section (36)(37) of the
Municipal Home Rule Law, and having received the affirmative vote of a majority of the qualified electors of such city
voting thereon at the (special)(general)election held on ____________________ 20_____, became operative.

6. (County local law concerning adoption of Charter.)
I hereby certify that the local law annexed hereto, designated as local law No. ______ of 20_____ of the County of
__________________________ State of New York, having been submitted to the electors at the General Election of
November ___, 20____, pursuant to subdivisions 5 and 7 of section 33 of the Municipal Home Rule Law, and having
received the affirmative vote of a majority of the qualified electors of the cities of said county as a unit and a majority of the
qualified electors of the town of said county considered as a unit voting at said general election, became operative.

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(If any other authorized form of final adoption has been followed, please provide an appropriate certification.)
I further certify that I have compared the preceding local law with the original on file in this office and that the same is a
correct transcript therefrom and of the whole of such original local law, and was finally adopted in the manner indicated in
paragraph 1 above.

____________________________________________
Kathleen E. LaClair
Clerk, of the Town Clayton

(seal)

Date:

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(Certification to be executed by County Attorney, Corporation Counsel, Town Attorney, Village Attorney or other
authorized attorney of locality.)
I, the undersigned, hereby certify that the foregoing local law contains the correct test and that all proper proceedings have
been had or taken for the enactment of the local law annexed hereto.

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Signature
____________________________________________
Joseph W. Russell, Town Attorney
Town of Clayton
Date:

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(9)

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