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LOW COST HOUSING

SANJU BHANDARI
1OX11CV032

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

INTRODUCTION
As the population grows, the price in every product increases Including
cement and construction material.

With the growth in population, the need for residential properties are
marking in all time demand in the construction industry.

The environmental effect is also to be considered.


Utilization of the Alternate Materials can put a mark in todays
construction for Environmental Protection and for Cost Reduction.

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

POPULATION AND HOUSING SHORTAGE STATISTICS

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

AREAS OF CONCERN
Severe shortage of houses in
developing countries specially for
poor people.
Severe problem of management of
agro industrial waste in developing
countries
Expensive & scarce building
materials and components.
People may also need affordable
housing because a change in their
lives has impacted on their
financial circumstances
CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

Low Cost or Cost Effective Housing

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

FACTORS AFFECTING CHOICE OF


MATERIALS
AND TECHNOLOGIES

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

TECHNOLOGY FOR ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS FOR


LOW COST HOUSING

ENERGY EFFICIENT
ENVIRONMENT
FRIENDLY

EMPLOYMENT
GENERATING

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

LOW COST BUILDING MATERIALS


CHARECTERISTICS

STRAW PANEL

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

OVERALL MINIMUM COST


REDUCTION
=40%

LOW

COST

HOUSING

1. DESIGN OF INDIVIDUAL
BUILDING

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

COMPONENTS OF THE BUILDING


VERTICAL
ELEMENTS
WALLS

HORIZONTAL
ELEMENTS
FLOORS & ROOFS

DOORS AND WINDOWS


STAIRCASE

MOST OF THE COMPONENSTS ARE PRECAST


CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

TYPE OF STRUCTURE USED

VS

LOAD BEARING STRUCTURE

VS FRAME STRUCTURE

LOAD BEARING STRUCTURE CHEAPER FOR NORMAL LOW


RISE BUILDING AS IT REQUIRES LESSER CONCRETE AND
STEEL RODS
THICK WALL PROVIDES THERMAL INSULATION
EASIER AND REQUIRES LESS TIME TO CONSTRUCTION

FLEXIBILITY & STRENGTH ADVANTAGE FOR FRAME


STRUCTURE
CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

HOLLOW CONCRETE BLOCK VS BRICK MASONRY

VS
VS

HOLLOW CONCRETE BLOCK VS BRICK MASONRY


One hollow block = approx. 8 standard bricks
So , cost of one hollow brick is Rs 20 , and cost of one brick is 5
Cost saved in construction 9 wall , Rs 20 vs Rs 40
Cost saved in construction of 4 wall , Rs 15 vs Rs 20

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

2. MATERIALS AND
TECHNOLOGY

COST

HOUSING

HOLLOW CONCRETE BLOCK LOAD BEARING WALL

CHEAPER THAN STONE AND


BRICK.

EASY TO HANDLE AND LIGHT


IN WEIGHT.

BETTER INSULATION DUE TO


AIR SPACE OR VOID.

CONSUMPTION OF MORTAR
IS LESSER.

ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY
TECHNOLOGY.

PLACING OF VERTICAL
REINFORCEMENT IS EASIER

HCB LOAD BEARING WALL IS 47% CHEAPER THAN CONVENTIONAL


RCC SYSTEM

CAN BE USED IN FRAME STRUCTURE BUILDING AS WELL


CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

PARTIAL PRECAST SYSTEM

PRE CAST BEAM


Click icon to add picture

PARTIAL PRE CAST SYSTEM


USES COMBINATION OF
BOTH PRE CAST AND CAST
IN SITU

USE
OF
PRE
CAST
ELEMENT REDUCES COST

NO
HEAVY
LIFTING
EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED.

NO NEED
PLASTER

OF

PRE CAST SLAB

CEMENT

1 THICK CAST IN SITU CONCRETE

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

ADVANTAGES:
CEMENT CONSUMPTION
45%

MS ROD CONSUMPTION
17%

FORMWORK REQUIRED
73%
PARTIAL PRE CAST SYSTEM IS UPTO 40%
CHEAPER THAN CONVENTIONAL CAST IN SITU
RCC FLOOR
CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

PRECAST STAIRS VS IN SITU STAIRS

PRE CAST STAIR CASE

CONVENTIONAL CAST
IN SITU EXPENSIVE
FOR LOW COST
CONSTRUCTIONS
VS

CHEAPER AND QUICKER TO


CONSTRUCT
NO FORM WORK REQUIRED
CAN
BE
CANTILEVER
OR
SIMPLY SUPPORTED
CANTILEVER SUITABLE FOR
LOW
COST
CONSTRUCTION
BUT
SIMPLY
SUPPORTED
MORE DURABLE

IN SITU STAIRS CONSTRUCTION

LOW

COST

HOUSING
CONSTRUCTION PROCESS

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

Case
Study

COST

HOUSING

SOME HOUSING USING LOW COST MATERIALS AND


TECHNOLOGY

Demonstration Houses in
DEHRADUN, Uttaranchal
Unit covered area
194 sq.ft
Cost per Unit
Rs.60,000

Demonstration Houses in
NAGPUR, Maharashtra
Unit covered area
194 sq.ft
Cost per Unit
Rs.70,000

Technologies used
Solid/Hollow Concrete Blocks
Pre cast Plank & Joist Roof
RCC Door frame
Wood substitute Doors

Technologies used
Fly Ash Blocks
Filler slab Roof
Ferro Cement and Fly
Ash
Polymer
Doors
CIVIL
ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT
THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

COMPARISON

Low cost housing

Almost saves 40% cost

Faster construction

Local resources are utilised

Expensive as compared

Environment friendly

Conventional
practice

Suitable for small family

Uses more resources


Slower as compared

Suitable for any size depending upon


budget

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

References

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF

LOW

COST

HOUSING

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

ART WITHOUT ENGINEERING IS DREAMING


I WOULD LIKE TO THANK

ENGINEERING WITHOUT ART IS


CALCULATING

DR AMARNATH K ,HOD,
CIVIL DEPARTMENT
Prof. T.V. MALLESHAIAH
AST. PROF SHIVANAND
CG

THANK YOU

AND ALL TEACHING


AND NON TEACHING
STAFFS

FOR
THEIR
SUPPORT
AND
ENCOURAGEMENT.
CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
THE

OXFORD

COLLEGE

OF