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NORMA

BRASILEIRA

ABNT NBR
5419-1
Primeira edio
22.05.2015
Vlida a partir de
22.06.2015

Proteo contra descargas atmosfricas


Parte 1: Princpios gerais
Lightning protection
Part 1: General
Genera
rall principles
ra
prin
pr
inci
in
ciples
ci

ICS 91.120.40

ISBN 978-85-07-05501-3

Nmero de referncia
ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015
67 pginas

ABNT 2015

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

ABNT 2015
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escrito da ABNT.
ABNT
$Y7UH]HGH0DLRDQGDU
20031-901 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ
7HO
)D[
DEQW#DEQWRUJEU
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ii

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Sumrio

Pgina

Prefcio ..............................................................................................................................................vii
Introduo ...........................................................................................................................................ix
1
Escopo ................................................................................................................................1
2
Referncias normativas .....................................................................................................1

7HUPRVHGHQLo}HV ...........................................................................................................2
4
Parmetros da corrente da descarga atmosfrica ..........................................................8
5
Danos devido s descargas atmosfricas .......................................................................8
5.1
Danos estrutura ...............................................................................................................8
5.1.1
Efeitos das descargas atmosfricas sobre uma estrutura ............................................9
5.1.2
Fontes e tipos de danos a uma
estrutura
a es
estr
trut
tr
utur
ut
ura
ur
a ..
.......................................................................10
....
..
....
.. ..............................
5.2
Tipos de perdas............
perdas ................................................................................................................
11
............
...............................
..
. ..............................
6
Necessidade
vantagem
dade e vant
ntag
nt
agem
ag
em econmica
eco
con
co
nmi
mica
mi
ca da
da proteo
prrote
eo contra
e
con
ontra descargas
descar
atmosfricas
.....................................................................................................................13
icas .....
............................................................
. ...................
. .........
6.1
Necessidade
proteo
contra
descargas
atmosfricas
..........................................13
dade da p
rote
ro
e
o
o cont
tra desc
cargas a
tm
mos
sfrrica
as ....
.......
6.2
Vantagem
econmica
da
proteo
contra
descargas
atmosfricas
m ec
con
onm
ica
m
ic
c d
ap
ro
ote
eo con
ntra d
es
sca
c rg
r as atm
mosf
ri
r c ...........................14
7
Medidas de
proteo
........................................................................................................14
ep
rotteo.........
ro
.........................................................................
7.1
Geral ..................................................................................................................................14
........................................................................................................
7.2
Medidas de p
proteo
reduzir
danos
pessoas
devido
choque eltrico .........14
rote
eo para re
edu
uzir dan
anos a pe
an
esso
oas d
evid
do a ch
7.3
Medidas de p
proteo
reduo
de
danos
fsicos
rote
e
o para
a re
edu
u
o d
e da
d
nos fsic
cos.....................................................15
...................
7.4
Medidas de p
proteo
reduo
falhas
sistemas
eltricos
rote
e
o para
a re
edu
u
o de
e fa
alh
l as dos s
istemas eltr
e eletrnicos
.....................................................................................................................15
ico
cos
co
s ........
.......................................................................................
7.5
Escolha da
das
proteo
................................................................................15
as me
medidas de p
rote
eo
o .......
......
.........................................
8
Critrios bsicos
..............................................................16
b
si
s co
cos
s para proteo
pro
ote
o de
de estruturas
estrrutu
uras
s............
....................
8.1
Geral ..................................................................................................................................16
...................
. ...................................................................................
....
..
8.2
Nveis de
proteo
contra
descargas
atmosfricas
(NP)
.............................................16
e prote
eo
e
o c
ontra de
on
esc
carrgas
s at
tmo
mosf
ricas
s (N
NP) .....
..........
8.3
Zonas de
proteo
contra
descarga
atmosfrica
raio
....................................18
e prote
o co
ont
ntra
ra desca
carg
ca
rga at
rg
atmos
sfrrica r
raio ((ZPR)
ZPR)....
ZP
8.4
Proteo de estruturas
....................................................................................................21
as ........
. .......
.......
...................................
....................
.
8.4.1
Proteo para reduzir dano
danos
fsicos
risco
vida
....................................................21
os f
fsi
s co
si
os e ri
risc
sco
sc
o de
ev
ida ....................
id
8.4.2
Proteo para reduzir as falhas de sistemas internos .................................................22
Anexo A LQIRUPDWLYR Parmetros da corrente das descargas atmosfricas...............................24
A.1
Descarga atmosfrica para a terra .................................................................................24
A.2
Parmetros da corrente da descarga atmosfrica ........................................................27
A.3
Estabelecendo os parmetros mximos da corrente de descarga atmosfrica
para o nvel de proteo NP I ..........................................................................................30
A.3.1
Impulso positivo ...............................................................................................................30
A.3.2
Impulso positivo e componente longa ...........................................................................31
A.3.3
Primeiro impulso negativo ..............................................................................................31
A.3.4
Impulso subsequente ......................................................................................................32
A.4
Estabelecendo os parmetros mnimos da corrente das descargas atmosfricas...32
Anexo B LQIRUPDWLYR Equao da corrente da descarga atmosfrica em funo do tempo
para efeito de anlise .....................................................................................................34
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iii

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Anexo C LQIRUPDWLYR 6LPXODomRGDFRUUHQWHGDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDFRPDQDOLGDGHGH


ensaios ..............................................................................................................................39
C.1
Geral ..................................................................................................................................39
&
6LPXODomRGDHQHUJLDHVSHFtFDGRSULPHLURLPSXOVRSRVLWLYRHGDFDUJDGD
componente longa ...........................................................................................................39
C.3
Simulao da taxa de variao da frente de onda de corrente dos impulsos ...........40
Anexo D LQIRUPDWLYR Parmetros de ensaio para simular os efeitos da descarga atmosfrica
sobre os componentes do SPDA....................................................................................43
D.1
Geral ..................................................................................................................................43
D.2
Parmetros de corrente relevantes ao ponto de impacto ............................................43
D.3
Distribuio da corrente ..................................................................................................46
D.4
Efeitos da corrente da descarg
descarga
atmosfrica
danos................................47
rga
rg
a at
atmo
mosf
mo
sfr
sf
ric
r
ica
a e po
possveis danos....
D.4.1
Efeitos trmicos
...............................................................................................................47
micos .............
...........................
....
....
. ...............................................
D.4.1.1
Aquecimento
resistivo
.....................................................................................................47
nto resistiv
vo ....
................................................................
. ...............
D.4.1.2
Danos trmicos
no
ponto
de
impacto
............................................................................49
micos n
o po
ont
nod
e imp
mpac
cto ............
..........................................
D.4.2
Efeitos mecnicos
cnico
cos
co
s .............................................................................................................50
......................................................................................
. ....
D.4.2.1
Interao magn
magntica
.........................................................................................................50
gnt
gn
tic
t
ic
ca..
....................................................
. ..................................
D.4.2.2
Danos devido
s
ondas
choque
acsticas
...............................................................53
do
o
s on
ndas de c
ho
oque acs
stiicas
s
s .......
......
. ...........................
..
D.4.3
Efeitos combinados
.........................................................................................................53
mbin
mb
inad
nad
ados
s ..................
...................................................................
D.4.4
Centelhamento
entto ..................................................................................................................53
............
....
....
....
....
....
. .....................................................................
D.5
Componentes
SPDA,
problemas
relevantes
parmetros
ensaios .................53
tes
s do S
PD
DA, pro
oblem
emas
s rel
elev
el
eva
ev
antes e pa
arm
metro
os de en
D.5.1
Geral ..................................................................................................................................53
.....................................................................................................
D.5.2
Captao ...........................................................................................................................54
......................................................................................................
D.5.3
Descidas............................................................................................................................54
.....
. ........................................................
........................................
D.5.3.1
Aquecimento
.....................................................................................................54
nto re
rresistivo
sist
si
stiv
st
i o..............
...................................................................
D.5.3.2
Efeitos mecnicos
............................................................................................................55
cnico
cos
co
s ...
........................................................................................
D.5.3.3
Componentes
conexo
...............................................................................................56
tes de c
on
nex
exo
o......
o
........................................................................
D.5.3.4
Aterramento
......................................................................................................................56
to ................
..................
. ............
..............
.
.......................................
D.6
Dispositivo
contra
surtos
(DPS)
................................................................57
o de proteo co
cont
ntra
nt
ra
as
urto
ur
t s (D
to
(DPS
S) ..
....
................
..
......................
..
D.6.1
Geral ..................................................................................................................................57
............................................
....
. .............
.......................................
D.6.2
DPS contendo centelhadores .........................................................................................57
D.6.3
DPS contendo varistores de xido metlico .................................................................57
D.7
Resumo dos parmetros de ensaios a serem adotados nos ensaios de
componentes de SPDA ....................................................................................................58
Anexo E LQIRUPDWLYR Surtos devido s descargas atmosfricas em diferentes pontos da
instalao ..........................................................................................................................59
E.1
Viso geral ........................................................................................................................59
E.2
Surtos devido s descargas atmosfricas na estrutura (fonte de danos S1) ............59
(
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estrutura ............................................................................................................................59
(
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de energia .........................................................................................................................61
E.3
Surtos pertinentes s linhas conectadas estrutura ..................................................62
iv

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ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

E.3.1
E.3.2

Surtos devido s descargas atmosfricas nas linhas (fonte de danos S3) ...............62
Surtos devido s descargas atmosfricas prximas s linhas (fonte de
danos S4) ..........................................................................................................................63
E.4
Surtos devido aos efeitos de induo (fontes de danos S1 ou S2) ............................64
E.4.1
Geral ..................................................................................................................................64
E.4.2
Surtos dentro de uma ZPR 1 no blindada ....................................................................64
E.4.3
Surtos dentro de ZPR blindadas.....................................................................................64
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e perdas e ris
sco
cos
s co
corr
rres
spo
pond
ndentes
nd
s qu
que resultam de dife
danos .................................................................................................................................13
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veis componentes
com
mpo
onentes
s de descargas
des
scar
arga
ar
gas
ga
s atmosfricas
atm
mosf
rica
as descendentes
desc
cend
Figura A.3 Possveis
(tpicas em
locais planos
estruturas
baixas)
ano
os e em
me
strutu
uras bai
ixas) ............................................................................25
..............................................
Figura A.4 Possveis
(tpicas de
ve
eis
s componentes
compo
p nentes
s de descargas
des
scarga
as atmosfricas
atmosfrrica
as ascendentes
as
sce
ende
estruturas
mais
expostas)
................................................................................26
as m
ais
ai
s altas ou e
xpos
stas
s) .......
......
.........................................
Figura A.5 Distribuio
dos
parmetros
correntes das
bui
o

o cu
cumulativa
a de
e ffrequncia
req
qunc
cia d
os
s par
me
etros
s das co
c
descargas
atmosfricas
(linhas
com
valores
%)) ..
.....................................30
as atmo
mosf
mo
sfr
sf
ric
r
i as (linh
has c
om v
alor
o es de 95
or
5%a 5%
.....
Figura B.1 Forma de onda
da
elevao
corrente
primeiro
impulso
d d
da
a el
elev
e a
o
da
a co
corre
ente
e do
o prim
meiro imp
mpu
mp
ulso positivo .................35
Figura B.2 Forma de onda da
......................35
da cauda
caud
ca
uda
ud
a da corrente
cor
orre
re
ente do
o primeiro
primeiro impulso
im
mpu
pulso positivo
po
Figura B.3 Forma de onda da el
elevao
da
corrente
do
primeiro
lev
eva
ao
a
d
o
a co
corr
rren
rr
ente
en
te d
o pr
prim
imei
im
eiro impulso negativo ................36
ei
Figura B.4 Forma de onda da cauda da c
corrente
primeiro
negativo.....................36
orre
or
rent
re
nte
nt
e do p
rimeiro impulso ne
ri
Figura B.5 Forma de onda da elevao da corrente do impulso negativo subsequente ........37
Figura B.6 Forma de onda da cauda da corrente do impulso negativo subsequente .............37
Figura B.7 Densidade da amplitude da corrente da descarga atmosfrica de acordo
com o NP I .........................................................................................................................38
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impulso positivo e da carga da componente longa ......................................................40
)LJXUD&'HQLomRSDUDDWD[DGHYDULDomRGDFRUUHQWHGHDFRUGRFRPD7DEHOD& .........41
Figura C.3 Exemplo de gerador de ensaio para a simulao da taxa de variao da frente
de onda do primeiro impulso positivo para itens sob ensaio de grande porte .........42
Figura C.4 Exemplo de gerador de ensaio para a simulao da taxa de variao da frente
de onda dos impulsos subsequentes negativos para itens sob ensaio de grande
porte ..................................................................................................................................42
Figura D.1 Arranjo geral de dois condutores para o clculo da fora eletrodinmica ............51
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ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Figura D.2 Arranjo de condutor tpico em um SPDA ..................................................................51


Figura D.3 Diagrama de esforos FSDUDDFRQJXUDomRGD)LJXUD' ...................................52
Figura D.4 Fora por unidade de comprimento F ao longo do condutor horizontal
da Figura D.2.....................................................................................................................52

Tabelas
Tabela 1 Efeitos das descargas atmosfricas nos vrios tipos de estruturas ...........................9
Tabela 2 Danos e perdas relevantes para uma estrutura para diferentes pontos de impacto
da descarga atmosfrica .................................................................................................12
Tabela 3 Valores mximos dos parmetros das descargas atmosfricas correspondentes
((NP)) ............................................................................................17
aos nveis de p
proteo
nimos dos parmetros
parm
met
etro
ros
ro
s das
das descargas atmosfricas e respectivos
r
Tabela 4 Valores mnimos
raios
olante, corre
esp
spon
onde
on
denttes aos
de
s nveis d
e pro
oteo (NP) ...
da esfera rolante,
correspondentes
de
proteo
...............................18
ades para
ra os
os limites
limi
li
mite
ite
tes
s dos
dos
s parmetros
pa
ar
r metros das
das correntes
co
orre
rent
re
n es das descargas
Tabela 5 Probabilidades
atmosfricas
.....................................................................................................................18
as ......
.........................
. ......................
. .................................................
Tabela A.1 Valores tabulados
tabul
ulad
ul
ados
ad
os dos
dos parmetros
parm
metro
os da
a corrente
corrrent
nte das
nt
d s descargas
da
desc
carga
as atmosfricas
a
obtidos do CIG
CIGRE
(Electra
No.
ou
No.
69*)
[20],
IGRE
IG
RE (El
Elec
El
ctra N
o. 41
1o
u No
o. 6
9*) [20
20], [[21]
20
21] ................................................27
.....................
Tabela A.2 Distribuio
o

o logartmica
loga
lo
artm
mica normal
norm
rmal dos
dos
s parmetros
pa
arm
mettro
os da
d corrente
corrrentte das
da descargas
calc
cula
ado
os para
parra 95
5 % e 5 % dos valores
atmosfricas
disperso
as Mdia
Md
dia e d
ispe
is
ers
so
o ORJJ calculados
a partir do C
CIGRE
No.
41
No.
69)
[20],
[21]
.................................................28
IGR
GRE ((Electra
Ele
ectra
t N
o. 4
1 ou
uN
o. 6
9) [20
0], [2
21] ...
.....................
Tabela A.3 Valores d
da
probabilidade
em
funo
da
corrente
descarga
a pr
proba
abiilidade P e
m fu
uno
d
o
a corrent
te I da d
te
es
scarg atmosfrica ....29
Tabela B.1 Parmetros
equao
.................................................................................34
ros pa
para
aae
qua
o B.1 ...........
................................................
Tabela C.1 Parmetros
para
primeiro
impulso
positivo
ro
os de ensaios pa
ara
a o pr
rimeiro
o imp
m ulso p
os
sitivo
o.......................................40
............
Tabela C.2 Parmetros
ensaios
para
componente
longa ...................................................40
ro
os de e
nsaios pa
ara
a a co
ompon
nen
nte longa.....
.....................
Tabela C.3 Parmetros
ensaios
dos
impulsos
ros de e
nsaios do
ns
os im
mpu
ulsos ........................................................................41
...............................................
Tabela D.1 Resumo dos parmetros
nos
par
pa
rme
r
metros da descarga
me
desc
carga
g atmosfrica
ga
atm
t os
sfrica
a a serem
e considerados
co n
clculos dos
de
para
diferentes
componentes
SPDA e para
os valores
es d
e en
ensaio
io p
ara
ad
ife
erenttes compo
pon
po
nenttes do S
diferentes nveis de pro
proteo
rote
ro
e
o
o..
...........................................................................................44
.....
. ..........................................
.................
.
Tabela D.2 Caractersticas
de
materiais
tpicos
utilizados
componentes
rsticas fsicas d
e ma
mate
teri
te
riai
ri
ais
ai
s t
tpi
pico
pi
cos
co
s ut
util
iliz
il
izad
iz
ados em comp
ad
de SPDA ............................................................................................................................48
7DEHOD'(OHYDomRGHWHPSHUDWXUDSDUDFRQGXWRUHVGHGLIHUHQWHVVHo}HV
em funo de W/R ............................................................................................................48
Tabela E.1 Valores de impedncias convencionais de aterramento Z e Z1 de acordo com
a resistividade do solo.....................................................................................................61
Tabela E.2 Surtos de correntes devido s descargas atmosfricas previstos em sistemas
de baixa tenso ................................................................................................................62
Tabela E.3 Surtos de correntes devido s descargas atmosfricas previstos em sistemas
de sinais ............................................................................................................................63

vi

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ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

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Scope
This part of ABNT NBR 5419 establishes the requirements for lightning protection determination.
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when it is based on indirect effects of lightning
ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

vii

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

This part of ABNT NBR 5419 does not apply on Railway systems; Vehicles, aircraft, ships and offshore
platforms; High pressure underground pipes; Pipes and supply lines and telecommunications placed
outside of the structure.
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viii

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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

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5.1.1

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ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

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ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

5.1.2.1

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11

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

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E

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FRORFDPDYLGDKXPDQDGLUHWDPHQWHHPSHULJR

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Figura 2.
12

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Tipo de
perda

Tipo de
dano

Dano aos
seres vivos
por choque
oque
eltrico
rico

Risco
R1

Risco
R2

Risco
R3

Risco
R4

Perda
de vida
humana

Perda de
servio ao
pblico

Perda de
patrimnio
cultural

Perda
de valor
econmico

Dano
fsico

Falha de
sistemass
internos
intter
ernoss

Dano
fsico
fs
ico
co

Falha de
sistemas
sistem
sis
temas
tem
as
internos

Dano
fsico

Dano aos
seres vivos
por choque
eltrico

Dano
fsico

Falha de
sistemas
internos

IEC 2613/10

a
E

6RPHQWHSDUDKRVSLWDLVRXRXWUDVHVWUXWXUDVQDVTXDLVIDOKDVHPVLVWHPDVLQWHUQRVFRORFDPDYLGDKXPDQD
SLWDLV RXRX
RX
XWU
WUDVV HVWUX
UXWXUUDVVQD
UX
DVTXD
DLVIDOKDVHP
P VLVWH
HPDV
DVLQW
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QWWHU
H QRV
diretamente em perigo.
rigo..
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SULH
HGD
GDGH
GHV
GH
VRQ
QGH
HSRGH
HKD
DYH
HUS
SHUGDVV GHD
DQLP
PDLV

Figura
ra
a2T
Tipos
ip
pos
s de pe
perdas
erdas
as e riscos
risc
cos correspondentes
co
orre
esp
pond
n entes
s que resultam
re
de dif
diferentes
danos
ferrente
te
es ti
tipos de da
anos

6 Necessidade e vantagem
vanta
agem econmica
eco
on
mic
ca da
a proteo
prote
o contra
con
ntra
a descargas
de
esca
atmosfricas
6.1 Necessidade
ed
da
ap
proteo
rotteo co
contra
ontra
a de
descargas
escarg
gas at
atmosfricas
tmos
sfrrica
as
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PR
REMH
HWR VHUSURWHJ
JLGR
R FRQ
QWUDGHVVFDU
D JD
DVDWP
PRVIpULFFDVGHYH
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RFLDO// H/

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o R FRQWUD
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WD
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rQF
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LDDRVWLSRVG
LD
em 5.2:
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WROHUDGRRT:
R > RT

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

13

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

1HVWHFDVRGHYHPVHUDGRWDGDVPHGLGDVGHSURWHomRGHPRGRDUHGX]LURULVFRR (R1 a R3 DRQtYHO


WROHUiYHORT:
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6.2 Vantagem econmica da proteo contra descargas atmosfricas


$OpPGDQHFHVVLGDGHGHSURWHomRFRQWUDGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVSDUDDHVWUXWXUDDVHUSURWHJLGD
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4 permite
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das perdas residuais
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7 Medidas de proteo
ote
eo
7.1 Geral
3RGHPVHUDGRWDGDVPHGLGDVGHSURWHomRGHPRGRDUHGX]LURULVFRGHDFRUGRFRPRWLSRGHGDQR
PHGLGDVGH SU
SURW
RWHo
RW
HomR
Ho
mRGHPR
mR
PRGR
PR
GR
RDUHGX
X]LUURULVFR GHDF
D RUGRF

7.2 Medidas de proteo


oteo para redu
reduzir
uzir d
danos
anos a p
pessoas
essoas devido a cho
choque eltrico
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F  UHVWULo}HVItVLFDVHDYLVRV
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127$ 0HGLGDVGHSURWHomRVmRHFLHQWHVVRPHQWHHPHVWUXWXUDVSURWHJLGDVSRUXP63'$
127$ 2XVRGHGHWHFWRUHVGHWHPSHVWDGHVHPHGLGDVFRPSOHPHQWDUHVSRGHPUHGX]LURULVFRGHYLGD

14

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

7.3 Medidas de proteo para reduo de danos fsicos


$SURWHomRpDOFDQoDGDSRUPHLRGHXPVLVWHPDGHSURWHomRFRQWUDGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDV 63'$ 
RTXDOLQFOXLDVVHJXLQWHVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDV
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R UL
ULVF
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VF
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ItVL
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VLFR
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PHGLG
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RV
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7.4 Medidas de p
proteo
ro
ote
eo
op
para
ara re
reduo
edu
uo
od
de
e ffalhas
alha
as d
dos
os s
sistemas
istem
mas
s elt
eltricos e eletrnicos
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R FR
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036
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GHVLVWHPDVHOpWULFRVHHOHWU{QLFRV

7.5 Escolha das medidas de proteo


$V PHGLGDV GH SURWHomR UHODFLRQDGDV HP   H  MXQWDV FRPS}HP R VLVWHPD FRPSOHWR
GHSURWHomRFRQWUDGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDV
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GDVGLIHUHQWHVPHGLGDVGHSURWHomRHGRVUHVXOWDGRVGDDYDOLDomRGHULVFRV

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

15

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

2VFULWpULRVSDUDDDYDOLDomRGRULVFRHSDUDHVFROKDGDVPHGLGDVGHSURWHomRPDLVDGHTXDGDVHVWmR
UHODWDGRVQD$%171%5
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LQVWDODo}HV

8 Critrios bsicos para proteo de estruturas


8.1 Geral
8PDSURWHomRLGHDOSDUDHVWUXWXUDVpHQYROYHUFRPSOHWDPHQWHDHVWUXWXUDDVHUSURWHJLGDSRUXPD
EOLQGDJHP FRQWtQXD SHUIHLWDPHQWH
H DOpP GLVVR
HUIHLWDPHQWH FRQGXWRUD DWHUUDGD
DWHU
DW
HUUUDGD
HU
GD
D H
H GH HVSHVVXUD DGHTXDGD
DGHTX
SURYLGHQFLDUOLJDo}HVHTXLSRWHQFLDLVDGHTXDGDVSDUDDVOLQKDVHOpWULFDVHWXEXODo}HVPHWiOLFDVTXH
HTXLSRWHQFLDLVDGH
HTX
TXDG
DGD
DG
DV SDUDDVOLQKDV HOpWULFDVHWXEXOD
DV
DGHQWUDPQDHVWUXWXUDQRVSRQWRVGHSDVVDJHPSHODEOLQGDJHP
QRVSRQWRV GHSD
SDVV
SD
VVDJ
VV
D HP SHO
HOD
DEOLQG
GDJH
HP
,VWRLPSHGHDSHQHWUDomRGDFRUUHQWHGDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDHFDPSRHOHWURPDJQpWLFRDVVRFLDGRQD
mRGDFR
RUUUHQ
QWH GD GHVVFD
DUJ
JDDWP
WPR
WP
RVIp
pULFD HFD
DPSR
SR HOH
OHWURPDJ
OH
HVWUXWXUDDVHUSURWHJLGDHHYLWDHIHLWRVWpUPLFRVHHOHWURGLQkPLFRVSHULJRVRVGDFRUUHQWHDVVLPFRPR
GDHHY
HYLWWD HI
HY
HIHLWR
WRVWp
WR
WpUP
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PLFFRVHHOH
HWUR
RGLQkPLFFRV SH
HULJR
RVRVVGDF
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p LFD

8.2 Nveis de proteo


eo contr
contra
ra d
descargas
escargas atmosf
atmosfricas
ricas (NP
(NP)
P)
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2V YDORUHV Pi[LPRV GRV SDUkPHWURV GDV FRUUHQWHV GDV GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV FRUUHVSRQGHQWHV
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SHUPDQHFHPDEDL[RGH YHU$ 

16

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

2VYDORUHVPi[LPRVGRVSDUkPHWURVGDVFRUUHQWHVGDVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVFRUUHVSRQGHQWHVDR
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LQMXVWLFDYHOPHQWHDOWRV

2V YDORUHV Pi[LPRV GRV SDUkPHWURV GDV FRUUHQWHV GDV GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV SDUD RV GLIHUHQWHV
QtYHLV GH SURWHomR VmR GDGRV QD 7DEHOD  H VmR XVDGRV SDUD SURMHWDU FRPSRQHQWHV GH SURWHomR
FRQWUD GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV SRU H[HPSOR VHomR WUDQVYHUVDO GRV FRQGXWRUHV HVSHVVXUDV GDV
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mx
xim
mos
s dos parmetros
parm
metros das
d s descargas
da
desc
carga
as atmosfricas
atmo
osffrica correspondentes
Tabela 3 Valores
aos n
nveis
proteo
(NP)
v
veis
s de p
rot
ote
e
o (NP
P)
Primeiro
ro
o imp
impulso
mpulso positiv
mp
positivo
vo
rre
ente
Parmetros da corrente

NP

Smbolo

Un
nidade
e
Unidade

II

&RUUHQWHGHSLFR

kA

20
00
200

0
150

100

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curta
curt
ra

&

100
10
00

75

50

(QHUJLDHVSHFtFD

W/R
W/R

0-

10
10






T1 / T2

Vs

V
s

SR
3DUkPHWURVGHWHPSR

NP

Smbolo

Unidade

II

kA

100

75

50

di/dt

N$s

100

75

50

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Vs

9DORUGHSLFR
7D[DPpGLDGHYDULDomR
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III

IV



Impulso subsequente
Parmetros da corrente

IV




Primeiro impulso negativoa


Parmetros da corrente

III

NP

Smbolo

Unidade

II

kA

50



25

di/dt

N$s

200

150

100

T1 / T2

Vs

9DORUGHSLFR
7D[DPpGLDGHYDULDomR
3DUkPHWURVGHWHPSR
ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

III

IV


17

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Tabela 3 FRQWLQXDomR
Componente longa da descarga atmosfrica
Parmetros da corrente

NP

Smbolo

Unidade

II

III

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QORQJD

&

200

150

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TORQJD

100


Descarga atmosfrica
Parmetros da corrente

NP

Smbolo

Unidade

II

QDVK

&

300

225

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IV

III

IV
150

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Tabela 4 Valores mnimos


s dos
dos
s parmetros
parrmetrros das
s descargas
de
esc
carga
as atmosfricas
atmo
osffr
ricas e respectivos raios
da esfera
rolante,
correspondentes
aos
nveis
proteo
fera ro
rola
ant
n e, c
orre
resp
re
pond
dente
es a
os
s nve
eis de pro
rote
ro
e
o ((NP)
Critrios de interceptao
int
nter
errcep
pta
ao

NP
P

Smb
mbo
olo
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U
niida
ade
Unidade

II

III

IV

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PD
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10

16

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20
20

30
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45

60

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bilidades
s para
para os
os limites
limite
tes dos
te
d s parmetros
do
parme
etros das
das
as correntes
cor
orre
or
rentes das descargas
re
Tabela 5 Probabilidades
atmosfricas
atmosffricas
at
NP

Probabilidade de que os parmetros d


da
a co
corren
corrente
nte
sejam:

II

III

IV

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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

19

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

S1
ZPR 0A
2

S3
1
5

s
3
DPS
r

ZPR 1
r
s

S4

S2

ZPR 0B

ZPR 0B

DPS
S
5
4

IEC
EC
C 2614/10

estrut ura

S1

n a e s t r u ttu
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d
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subsistema de captao
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S2
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tm
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subsistema de descida
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S3

ou
tubulaes
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d
esc
carrga atmosfrica
atmossf
f ricca
ca em linhas o
u tu
u bula
a e
e s que adentram na estrutura

t erra
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ra
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S4

descarga
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ga atmosfrica
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r ca pe
e rto
o de linhas ou tubulaes
tu
u bulaes que adentram na
perto
estrutura
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stru
u tu
u ra

linhas e tubulaes
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e s que
que
adentram na estrutura
rutu
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tu
a

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rolante
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a es
s fera rola
a nte
e

d
ist
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n a contra
c ontra centelhamento
c entt elham
m en
n to perigoso
pe
e
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nvel do piso
ligao equipotencial
meio
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ncial por me
e io d
e DP
DPS
S

ZPR 0A

descarga
rga atmosfrica direta, corrente
corr
co
r ente
te total
t ot
otal
al

ZPR 0B

pouco provvel a ocorrncia de descarga atmosfrica direta, corrente parcial da descarga


atmosfrica ou corrente induzida

ZPR 1

no h descarga atmosfrica direta, corrente limitada da descarga atmosfrica ou corrente induzida

importante observar que o volume protegido na ZPR 1 sempre respeita a


distncia de segurana s

Figura 3 =35GHQLGDVSRUXP63'$ $%171%5

20

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

S1
ZPR 0A

S3
ZPR 0B

DPS

3
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ZPR 1
5

r
s

S4

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S2

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ZPR 0B

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DPS

4
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estrutura (blindagem da
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ZPR
PR 1
1))

S1

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descarga
es
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atmosfrica
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mo
e strutt ura

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o

S2

descarga
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g a atmosfrica
atmo
t sf
sfrica perto da e
estrutura
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S3

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ri a em llinhas
ric
descarga
ou
tubulaes
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u tubula
es que ad

subsistema de aterramento
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S4

descarga
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sf ricca perto
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que adentram na estrutura
o de linhas
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b ula es qu

recinto (blindagem da Z
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R 2)
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o da esfera rolante
ro
o l antt e

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e ntt ram na
estrutura

distncia
d
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segurana
n a ccontra
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ca
a mpo
o mag
magntico
g ntico mui
muito elevado

nvel do piso
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de
cargas
ca
gas atmosfricas,
atmosff ricc as
s , por meio
o de DPS
D
ligao equipotencial
ZPR 0A

a cor
a,
corrente
r ren
rente
te tot
ttotal
al da
d descarga atmosfrica,
ampo m
magntico
agntico tot
agn
tota
total
al
sfrica direta,
atmo
m sfricca, ccampo
mo
descarga atmosfrica

ZPR 0B

scarg
sc
arg
r a atmosfrica,
a
atmo
t sfrica, direta, corrente
descarga atmosfrica,
atmo
descarga
pouco provvel
vel a ocorrncia de
e desc
corr
orren
orr
en e parcial da
ent
d a de
ou corrente induzida,
co total
campo magntico

ZPR 1

a atmosfrica direta, corrente


d sc
de
s car
arga atmosfrica,
ar
atmo
mosf
mo
sfrica, ou corrente induzida,
sf
no h descarga
te limitada
lim
d
da
a descarga
induzid campo magntico atenuado

ZPR 2

no h descarga atmosfrica direta, correntes induzidas, campo magntico ainda mais atenuado

importante observar que os volumes protegidos na ZPR 1 e na ZPR 2 devem


respeitar as distncias de segurana s

Figura 4 =35GHQLGDVSRU036 $%171%5

8.4 Proteo de estruturas


8.4.1

Proteo para reduzir danos fsicos e risco de vida

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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

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ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

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(0&  YHUWDPEpP$%171%5H$%171%5 

22

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

2VLVWHPDDVHUSURWHJLGRGHYHHVWDUORFDOL]DGRGHQWURGHXPD=35RXVXSHULRU,VWRpFRQVHJXLGR
SRUPHLRGHPHGLGDVGHSURWHomRFRQWUDVXUWRV 036 DSOLFDGDVDRVVLVWHPDVHOpWULFRVHHOHWU{QLFRV
DV TXDLV FRQVLVWHP HP EOLQGDJHQV PDJQpWLFDV TXH DWHQXDP R FDPSR PDJQpWLFR LQGXWRU HRX SRU
PHLRGHHQFDPLQKDPHQWRDGHTXDGRGDDomRTXHUHGX]RVODoRVVXMHLWRVjLQGXomR8PDOLJDomR
HTXLSRWHQFLDO GHYH VHU SURYLGD QDV IURQWHLUDV GH XPD =35 SDUD SDUWHV PHWiOLFDV H VLVWHPDV TXH
FUX]DPHVWDVIURQWHLUDV(VWDOLJDomRHTXLSRWHQFLDOSRGHVHUH[HFXWDGDSRUPHLRGHFRQGXWRUHVGH
HTXLSRWHQFLDOL]DomRRXTXDQGRQHFHVViULRSRUGLVSRVLWLYRVGHSURWHomRFRQWUDVXUWRV '36 
$VPHGLGDVGHSURWHomRSDUDTXDOTXHU=35GHYHPHVWDUHPFRQIRUPLGDGHFRPD$%171%5
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REWLGDSRUPHLRGHLQWHUIDFHVLVRODQWHVHRXSRUXPDUUDQMRGH'36FRRUGHQDGRVTXHOLPLWDPHVWDV
VREUHWHQV}HVDYDORUHVDEDL[RGDWHQVmRQRPLQDOVXSRUWiYHOGHLPSXOVRGRVLVWHPDDVHUSURWHJLGR
$VLQWHUIDFHVLVRODQWHVHRV'36GHYHPVHUVHOHFLRQDGRVHLQVWDODGRVGHDFRUGRFRPRVUHTXLVLWRVGD
HVHRV'36GHYHP
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HOHFLRQDGRVHLQ
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LQ
ABNT NBR 5419-4.

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

23

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Anexo A
LQIRUPDWLYR
Parmetros da corrente das descargas atmosfricas

A.1

Descarga atmosfrica para a terra


([LVWHPGRLVWLSRVEiVLFRVGHGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDV

A.1.1

D  GHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVGHVFHQGHQWHVLQLFLDGDVSRUXPOtGHUGHVFHQGHQWHGDQXYHPSDUDDWHUUD
pULFDVGHVFHQGHQWHVLQLFLDGD
DV SR
RU
UXPOtGHUGHVFHQGHQWHGD
E  GHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVDVFHQGHQWHVLQLFLDGDVSRUXPOtGHUDVFHQGHQWHGHXPDHVWUXWXUDDWHUUDGD
pULFDVDVFHQGH
HQW
QWHV
HVV LQL
QLFL
F DG
FL
GDV SRU
R XPOtOtOtGH
GHUDVFHQGHQWHGHXP
GH
para a nuvem.
1D PDLRULD GDV YH]HV
 DV
DV GHVFDUJDV
GHV
HVFD
F UJDV DWPRVIpULFDV
FD
DWP
W RVIIpULLFDV GHVFHQGHQWHV
GH
HVFH
HQGHQ
QWHVV RFRUUHP
RFR
RUU
UUHP
P HP ORFDLV SODQRV H HP
HVWUXWXUDV PDLV EDL[DV
DV
GHVFDUJDV
DWPRVIpULFDV
DV HQTXDQWR
HQTX
TXDQ
TX
D WR
R TXH
TXH SDUD
SDUUD HVWUXWXUDV
HVWUX
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P LVV DOWDV
PD
DOWD
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HV
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D DOWXUD
DOWXUUD UHDO
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DO
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DWPRVIpULFDGLUHWDQDHVWUXWXUDDXPHQWD YHU$%171%5$QH[R$ HDVFRQGLo}HVItVLFDV
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PHQWD YHUU $%1
171
1%5 



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H[R
R $ H
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mudam.
$FRUUHQWHGHGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDFRQVLVWHHPXPRXPDLVFRPSRQHQWHVGLIHUHQWHV
GHV
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JDDW
DWPRVIpU
Ip LFFDFRQV
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HHPXP
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A.1.2

D  LPSXOVRVFRPGXUDomRLQIHULRUDPV )LJXUD$ 
DomR LQIH
HULR
RUDP
PV )LJ
JXUUD$
 

E  FRPSRQHQWHVORQJRVFRPGXUDomRVXSHULRUDPV )LJXUD$ 
JR
RV FRP
RPGXUDomRVXSH
HULRUDPV
V )L
) JXUD$
 
90 %

50 %

10 %
O1
T1

t
T2
I EC 2616/10

Legenda
21

RULJHPYLUWXDO

corrente de pico

T1

WHPSRGHIUHQWH

T2

WHPSRDWpRPHLRYDORU

)LJXUD$'HQLo}HVGRVSDUkPHWURVGHXPLPSXOVRGHFRUUHQWH WLSLFDPHQWHT2 < 2 ms)


24

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Qlonga
10 %

10 %
T
Tlonga

IEC 2617/10

Legenda
TORQJD WHPSRGHGXUDomR
DomR
QORQJD FDUJDGDFRPSRQHQWHORQJDGDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFD
SRQHQWHORQJ
JDGD GHV
H FDUJ
JD DWPRVI
VIpU
VI
p LFD
D

)LJXUD$'HQLo}HVGRVSDUkPHWURVGDFRPSRQHQWHORQJD
JXUD $
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'HQ
QLo}HV
V GRV
V SD
DUkP
PHWURV GD
G FRPS
PS
SRQ
QHQWH O
(tipicamente
(tip
(t
pic
icam
mente
e 2 ms
ms < Tlong
s))
longa
n a<1s
8PD GLIHUHQFLDomR FRPSOHPHQWDU
SURYpP GH VXDV
FRPS
PSOH
PS
OHP
OH
PHQWDUU GDV
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I
SRODULGDGHV SRVLWLYD
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D RX
RX QHJDWLYD 
QHJDWLYYD  H GH VXDV
VXDVV SRVLo}HV
SR
RVLoo}H
HV GXUDQWH
GXUDQW
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QW
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DUJD
D DWPRVIpULFD SULPHLUD
FRPSRQHQWHFRPSRQHQWHVXEVHTXHQWHHVXSHUSRVWD $VFRPSRQHQWHVSRVVtYHLVVmRLQGLFDGDVQD
RQ
QHQ
QWH
WHVX
XEVH
HTXHQWWH H VXS
SHUS
SRVW
VWD $VVFR
RPSRQHQWH
HVSRVV
)LJXUD$SDUDGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVGHVFHQGHQWHVHQD)LJXUD$SDUDDVDVFHQGHQWHV
FDU
DUJD
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JD
RVI
VIpU
pULF
pU
LFD
LF
DV GHVFH
HQG
QGHQ
HQWHVH
HQ
HQD
D )LJ
L XUD$SDUDDV
i

Primeira componente
com
ompon
om
ponen
pon
nte curta

Comp
pone
ente longa
lo
on
Componente

Positivo ou negativo
gativo

-i

Positivo
o ou negativo

-i
Componente curto
subsequente

Negativo

Negativo

t
IEC 2618/10

Figura A.3 Possveis componentes de descargas atmosfricas descendentes


(tpicas em locais planos e em estruturas baixas)
ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

25

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

i
Componentes curtos
superpostos
Componente curto
componente longa
Primeira
componente longa
t

Positivo ou negativo

Positivo ou negativo

com
mpone
nen
ntes
te curtas
curtas
r
componentes
su
ubse
seq
qe
ente
es
subseqentes

Negativo

Negativo
Neg
gativo
o

Somente
e uma
ma
omponente
te llonga
onga
on
ga
componente

Positivo ou negativo
ativo

IEC 2619/10
IE

Figura A.4 Possveis componentes de descargas atmosfricas ascendentes


(tpicas de estruturas mais altas ou expostas)
$ FRPSRQHQWH DGLFLRQDO QDV GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV DVFHQGHQWHV p D SULPHLUD FRPSRQHQWH ORQJD
FRPRXVHPLPSXOVRVVXSHUSRVWRV DWpDOJRHPWRUQRGHGH]LPSXOVRV 0DVWRGRVRVSDUkPHWURV
GH XP LPSXOVR GH FRUUHQWH GH XPD GHVFDUJD DWPRVIpULFD DVFHQGHQWH VmR LQIHULRUHV jTXHOHV GDV
GHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVGHVFHQGHQWHV8PDFDUJDVXSHULRUGHXPDFRPSRQHQWHORQJDGHGHVFDUJDV
DWPRVIpULFDVDVFHQGHQWHVQmRIRLFRQUPDGDDWpDUHYLVmRGHVWD1RUPD'HVWDIRUPDRVSDUkPHWURV
GD FRUUHQWH GH GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV DVFHQGHQWHV VmR FRQVLGHUDGRV FREHUWRV SHORV YDORUHV
Pi[LPRVGDVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVGHVFHQGHQWHV8PDDYDOLDomRPDLVSUHFLVDGRVSDUkPHWURVGD
FRUUHQWHGHGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVHGDGHSHQGrQFLDGHVWHVSDUkPHWURVFRPUHODomRjDOWXUDHVWmR
HPHVWXGRWDQWRSDUDGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVGHVFHQGHQWHVFRPRSDUDDVFHQGHQWHV

26

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

A.2

Parmetros da corrente da descarga atmosfrica

2VSDUkPHWURVGDFRUUHQWHGDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDQD$%171%5VmREDVHDGRVQRVUHVXOWDGRV
GRInternational Council on Large Electrical Systems &,*5( IRUQHFLGRVQD7DEHOD$$GLVWULEXLomR
HVWDWtVWLFD GHVWHV SDUkPHWURV SRGH VHU DVVXPLGD FRPR VHQGR D GLVWULEXLomR ORJDUtWPLFD QRUPDO
2YDORUPpGLRHDGLVSHUVmRORJFRUUHVSRQGHQWHVFRQVWDPQD7DEHOD$HDIXQomRGHGLVWULEXLomR
pDSUHVHQWDGDQD)LJXUD$&RPEDVHQLVWRDSUREDELOLGDGHGHRFRUUrQFLDGHTXDOTXHUYDORUGHFDGD
SDUkPHWURSRGHVHUGHWHUPLQDGD
8PD UHODomR GH SRODULGDGH GH   GH GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV SRVLWLYDV H   QHJDWLYDV
p DVVXPLGD $ UHODomR GH SRODULGDGH p IXQomR GR ORFDO 6H QHQKXPD LQIRUPDomR p GLVSRQtYHO p
UHFRPHQGDGDDUHODomRIRUQHFLGD
2VYDORUHVGDSUREDELOLGDGHGHRFRUUrQFLDGHYDORUHVGHSLFRGDFRUUHQWHGHGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFD
S
TXHH[FHGHPRVYDORUHVSUHYLDPHQWHFRQVLGHUDGRVHVWmRGHVFULWRVQD7DEHOD$
RUHVSUHYLDPHQWH FRQ
RQVL
VLGH
VL
GHUD
GH
UDG
UD
GRVHVWmRGH
GHVF
GH
V ULWRVQD7DEHOD$
Tabela A.1 Valores
atmosfricas
ores tabulados
tabul
ulad
ul
ados
ad
os dos
dos parmetros
parm
met
m
e ro
os da
da corrente
co
orren
nte das
da descargas
desca
obtidos
CIGRE
(Electra
No.
41
No.
[21]
obtido
dos
do
s do C
IGRE (E
IG
Elec
ctra No
o. 4
1 ou
u No
o. 69*)
*)) [[20],
20], [21
20
Parmetro

Valores
Va
alorres

9DORU[DGR
9DOR
RU [
[DG
DGR
DG
para
pa a NP
NP I


 


 





4a

20a

90

T po d
Ti
e co
ompo
one
Tipo
de
componente
da
descarga
d sc
de
carga
a atmosfrica
atm
tm
mos
sf
Primeira
Prim
meiira curta
curta
a negativa
ne
egativaE

Linha na
Figura A.5
$%

50
0







E
6XE
EVH
V TXH
HQWHQHJ
JDWLYD
6XEVHTXHQWHQHJDWLYDFXUWD

2
00
0
200



35
5

250
250

3
ULPH
HLUD FXUWD
DSR
RVLWLYD
3ULPHLUDFXUWDSRVLWLYD VLQJHOD






40
0

'HVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDQHJDWLYD
'HVFD
DUJD
DDWP
PRVIIpULFD

20




3
50
0
350

'
HVFD
DUJD
DDWP
PRVIIpULFD
'HVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDSRVLWLYD






20
20

Primeira
Primeiira curta
curta
a negativa
ne
egativa








6XEVHTXHQWHQHJDWLYDFXUWD
6XEVH
HTXH
HQWHQHJ
JDWLYD

6
16

150
150

3
ULPHLLUD FXUWD
D SRVLWWLY
LYD
3ULPHLUDFXUWDSRVLWLYD VLQJHOD

5
55

550
55
550

Primeiira curta
curta negativa
neg
egativa
Primeira





52
52

6XEVHTXHQW
QWH
QW
HFFXUWDQH
6XEVHTXHQWHFXUWDQHJDWLYD

10

25
25

650
650









65







20





32

diGt
N$V

200







QORQJD &

200

/RQJD

TORQJD V



/RQJD

I N$

QDVK &

30
00
300

Qcurta &
00
100
W/R N-
0 000
10
diGtmx
N$V

'XUDomRGDIUHQWH
de onda (V
'XUDomRGD
componente (V

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

1 000
0 Primeira
Pr me
Pri
meir
ira
ir
a curta
curta positiva
15

11

P imeira curta negativaE


Pr
Primeira

12

6XEVHTXHQWHFXUWDQHJDWLYDE

13

Primeira curta positiva

14

6XEVHTXHQWHFXUWDQHJDWLYDE

15







Primeira curta negativa







6XEVHTXHQWHFXUWDQHJDWLYD



22

200

3ULPHLUDFXUWDSRVLWLYD VLQJHOD

30

75

200

Primeira curta negativa



32

140

6XEVHTXHQWHFXUWDQHJDWLYD

25

230

2 000

3ULPHLUDFXUWDSRVLWLYD VLQJHOD

27

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Tabela A.1 FRQWLQXDomR


Parmetro

Valor
[DGR
para NP I

,QWHUYDORGH
WHPSR PV

'XUDomRWRWDO
da descarga
DWPRVIpULFD PV

a
E

Valores

Tipo de componente







33

150



13

1 100

31



900

GHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDQHJDWLYD
VHPRLPSXOVRVLQJHOR

14



500

GHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDSRVLWLYD

da descarga atmosfrica

Linha na
Figura A.5

0~OWLSORVQHJDWLYRV
GHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFD
negativa

2VYDORUHVI = 4 kA e I =
=N$FRUUHVSRQGHPjVSUREDELOLGDGHVGHHUHVSHFWLYDPHQWH
 N$FRUUHV
HVSR
HV
SRQG
SR
QGH
QG
HPjVSUREDELOLGDGHVGH H 
3DUkPHWURVHYDORUHVUHOHYDQWHVGHVFULWRVQD(OHFWUD1>@
HVUHOHYDQWHVGH
GHVF
GH
VFUL
VF
ULLWR
WRVQD
D (OHFWUD
D 1
>
@

Tabela A.2 Distribuio


bui
o lo
loga
logartmica
gartm
ga
tmica no
tm
normal
orm
mal d
dos
os
s pa
parmetros
arm
met
e ro
os da
a cor
corrente
orrente das descargas
or
atmosfricas Mdia
disperso
dia e d
ispe
is
perrso
pe
o ORJ c
calculados
alculado
dos para
do
para
ra 95
95 % e 5 % dos
do
os valores
v
a partir do
CIGRE
(Electra
No.
ou
No.
69)
CIGR
CI
G E (E
GR
(Elec
ctra
aN
o.. 41 o
u No
o. 6
9) [[20],
2 ], [21]
20
Parmetro

Md
M
dia
Mdia

QDVK &

Qcurta &

W/R N-

diGtmx
N$V
diGt
N$V



ORJ

Tipo
po
o de
e compon
componente
onen
on
e te da
a descarga
ga
a
atmosfrica
atm
mosffrica

Linha na
Figura
A.5



3ULPH
HLU
L DFX
FXUWDQHJ
FX
JDWLYD   E
3ULPHLUDFXUWDQHJDWLYD 

1A


 



3ULPHLUDFXUWDQHJDWLYD 
3ULPHLUD
D FXUW
UWDQHJ
UW
JDWLYD   E

1B








6XEVHTXHQWHFXUWDQHJDWLYD
6XEVHTXH
HQWH
H FXUWD
DQHJDWWLYDE








3ULPHLUDFXUWDSRVLWLYD VLQJHOD
3ULPHLUDFX
XUWD
DSRV
VLWLYD V
VLQJH
HOD


 




GHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDQHJDWLYD
GHVVFDUJDD
DWPR
RVIpUULFDQHJDWLYD


 



GHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDSRVLWLYD
GHVVFDUJDD
DWPR
P VIpUULFDSRVLWLY
YD





 



curtta negativa
neg
gativa
Primeira curta










6XEVHTXHQWHFXUWDQHJDWLYD
6XEVHT
HTXHQ
HT
QWHF
FXUWD
D QHJDWWLYD









3ULPHLUDFXUWDSRVLWLYD VLQJHOD
3UL
3UL
ULPHLUUDFXUWDSRV
VLWLYD VL
VLLQJHOD
D









Prim
Pr
imeira curta negativa
im
Primeira





6XEVHTXHQWHFXUWDQHJDWLYD
6XE
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VHTX
VH
TXHQ
TX
H WH FXU
HQ
XUWD
WD QHJ
HJD
DWLYD

10




I N$

D
ispers
so
o
Disperso

612



Primeira curta positiva

11





Primeira curta negativaE

12





6XEVHTXHQWHFXUWDQHJDWLYDE

13





Primeira curta positiva

14





6XEVHTXHQWHFXUWDQHJDWLYDE

15

QORQJD &

200

/RQJD

TORQJD (s



/RQJD

'XUDomRGD
IUHQWHGHRQGD
(V





Primeira curta negativa





6XEVHTXHQWHFXUWDQHJDWLYD





3ULPHLUDFXUWDSRVLWLYD VLQJHOD

'XUDomRGD

componente
da descarga

DWPRVIpULFD V



Primeira curta negativa



6XEVHTXHQWHFXUWDQHJDWLYD

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Tabela A.2 FRQWLQXDomR


Parmetro

,QWHUYDORGH
WHPSR PV
'XUDomRWRWDO
da descarga
DWPRVIpULFD
PV

Mdia

Disperso
ORJ

Tipo de componente da descarga


atmosfrica

224



3ULPHLUDFXUWDSRVLWLYD VLQJHOD





0~OWLSODVQHJDWLYDV





'HVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDQHJDWLYD
WRGRVRVWLSRV

167



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LPSXOVRVLQJHOR





'HVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDSRVLWLYD
'HV
HVFD
FDUJ
FD
UJD
UJ
D DW
DWPR
PRVI
PR
VIpU
VI
p LFDSRVLWLYD

ORJ =ORJ ;


RQGHXpRYDORUGRSDUkPHWUR
RQG
QGH
H X p RYDORU
RU GR SDUkPHWWUR
R
 ORJ ; 

E

3DUkPHWURVHYDORUHVUHOHYDQWHVGHVFULWRVQD(OHFWUD1>@
YDORUHVUHOHYYDQ
DQWH
WHV
WH
VGH
V
GHVFFUL
GH
ULWR
W VQD (OH
HFWUD
D1
>
@

Linha na
Figura A.5

Tabela A.3 Valores


ores
sd
da
a pr
p
probabilidade
ob
bab
bilid
dad
de P e
em
m fu
funo
uno d
da
ac
corrente
orrren
nte I da de
d
descarga
s
atmosfrica

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

I
(kA)
(kA
A)








10



20



30



35
3




40




50



60







100



150



200



300



400



600



29

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

99,8
99,5

Probabilidade %

99
98

1A

Parmetros estabelecidos

95
13

8
90

80
4

11

70

15

60
50

14

40

30
7
20

12

10

10

1B
3

6
5
2
1
0,5
0,2
100

8 10
01

8 10
02

8 10
1 3

8 104

Parmetro
IEC 2620/10

127$

3DUDDQXPHUDomRGDVFXUYDVYHU7DEHODV$H$
DomR GDVVFXUYDVYHU7
7DE
EHODV$ H$


Figura A.5 Distribuio


rib
buio cumulativa
cu
umulatiiva
a de
de frequncia
frequ
unc
u
cia
a dos parmetros
pa
arm
metrros
s das correntes das
descargas
carrga
gas
s atmosfricas
atmo
at
mosfric
mo
cas
s (linhas
(linhas com
om valores
vallores de 95 % a 5 %)
%
EH
HOHF
HFLG
HF
LGRV
LG
R SDUDRVQtY
YHLVG
GH SURWWHom
o R13IR
RUQH
HFLGR
RVQHVWD
7RGRVRVYDORUHVHVWDEHOHFLGRVSDUDRVQtYHLVGHSURWHomR13IRUQHFLGRVQHVWD1RUPDUHIHUHPVH
RVIIpU
pULF
LFDV
LF
DVDVFHQGHQ
DV
QWH
HV FRP
PRGHVVFHQ
H GH
HQWHV
WDQWRDGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVDVFHQGHQWHVFRPRGHVFHQGHQWHV
127$
2V YDORUHV GRV
RV SDUkPHWURV
SD
DUk
U PH
PHWU
WURV
WU
R  GDV GHVFDUJDV
GH
HVFFDUJ
JDV DWPRVIpULFDV
DWPR
RVIpULFFDV VmR
Vm
mR JHUDOPHQWH
JHUD
DOP
PHQ
QWH
WH REWLGRV
R
SRU PHGLo}HV
GHJUDQG
QGHDO
QG
D WX
DO
WXUD
UD$ GLVWWULE
UD
EXLoomRH
HVWD
DWtVWWLFDGRVYD
DORUUHVGH SLF
LFR GD
HIHWXDGDVHPHVWUXWXUDVGHJUDQGHDOWXUD$GLVWULEXLomRHVWDWtVWLFDGRVYDORUHVGHSLFRGDFRUUHQWHGHGHVFDUJD
HUDURHIHLWR
WRGDV
WR
DV HVW
VWUX
UXWXUDV
UX
V GH
G JUDQG
QGHDOWX
QG
XUD SRGH VHUREWWLG
LGD
DGHHV
DWPRVIpULFDVHPFRQVLGHUDURHIHLWRGDVHVWUXWXUDVGHJUDQGHDOWXUDSRGHVHUREWLGDGHHVWLPDWLYDVGRVVLVWHPDV
JDVDWPRVIpU
pULF
pU
LFDVV
LF
GHORFDOL]DomRGHGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDV

A.3 Estabelecendo os parmetros mximos da corrente de descarga


atmosfrica para o nvel de proteo NP I
A.3.1

Impulso positivo

2VHIHLWRVPHFkQLFRVGDVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVHVWmRUHODFLRQDGRVFRPDFRUUHQWHGHSLFR I) e
FRP D HQHUJLD HVSHFtFD W/R  2V HIHLWRV WpUPLFRV HVWmR UHODFLRQDGRV FRP D HQHUJLD HVSHFtFD
(W/R TXDQGRRFRUUHXPDFRSODPHQWRUHVLVWLYRHFRPDFDUJD Q TXDQGRRFRUUHPFHQWHOKDPHQWRV
QDLQVWDODomR6REUHWHQV}HVHFHQWHOKDPHQWRVSHULJRVRVFDXVDGRVSRUDFRSODPHQWRLQGXWLYRHVWmR
UHODFLRQDGRV FRP D WD[D PpGLD GH LQFOLQDomR GiGt  GD IUHQWH GH RQGD GD FRUUHQWH GD GHVFDUJD
DWPRVIpULFD
2V SDUkPHWURV LQGLYLGXDLV I, Q, W/R GiGt tendem a ser dominantes em cada mecanismo de
GHIHLWR 5HFRPHQGDVH TXH LVWR VHMD OHYDGR HP FRQVLGHUDomR SRU RFDVLmR GR HVWDEHOHFLPHQWR GRV
procedimentos de ensaios.
30

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

A.3.2

Impulso positivo e componente longa

2VYDORUHVIQ e W/RUHODFLRQDGRVFRPRVHIHLWRVPHFkQLFRVHWpUPLFRVVmRGHWHUPLQDGRVDSDUWLU
GHGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVSRVLWLYDVSRLVPHVPRVHQGRPHQRVIUHTXHQWHVVHXVYDORUHVDVmR
EHPPDLVHOHYDGRVTXHDTXHOHVFRUUHVSRQGHQWHVDRVYDORUHVSDUDGDVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDV
QHJDWLYDV'D)LJXUD$ OLQKDVH RVVHJXLQWHVYDORUHVFRPSUREDELOLGDGHVLQIHULRUHV
DSRGHPVHUREWLGRV
D  I

=N$

E  QDVK

=&

F  Qcurta

=&

G  W/R

=0-
-

H  di/dt

=N$s.
$s.

3DUD XP SULPHLUR LPSXOVR


XPD SULPHLUD
PSXOVR
R SRVLWLYR
SRV
RVLWLWLLYYR FRQIRUPH
FR
RQIIRUUPH
H D
D )LJXUD
)LJXU
X D $
$ HVWHV
HVVWHVV YDORUHV
YDORU
RUHV IRUQHFHP
RU
IR
DSUR[LPDomRGRWHPSRGHIUHQWH
SR GH IU
IUHQ
HQWH
HQ
H
T1pXPSDUkPHWURGHLQWHUHVVHVHFXQGiULR 
pXP
P SD
SDUkPH
HWUR
RG
GHLQWHUUHV
HVVVHVHFFXQGi
GiULR 
Gi
T1 = I / (di/dt = 10 ss ((T
3DUD XPD FRPSRQHQWH
QWH
H FRP
FR GHFDLPHQWR
GH
HFD
FDLP
LPHQ
LP
HQWR H[SRQHQFLDO
HQ
H[SRQ
RQHQ
RQ
QFLDO DV IyUPXODV
IyUUPX
P ODVV VHJXLQWHV
VH
HJXLLQWHV VmR DSOLFiYHLV SDUD R
<<
< T2 
FiOFXORDSUR[LPDGRGDFDUJDHGDHQHUJLD T
GDFD
FDUJD
DHGD
GD HQH
QHUJ
U LD
D T1 <
Qcurta =   I T2
W/R =    
I2 T2
(VWDVIyUPXODVDVVRFLDGDVDRVYDORUHVDQWHULRUPHQWHFLWDGRVFRQGX]HPDXPDSULPHLUDDSUR[LPDomR
RFLDG
GDVV DRV
RVYDORUHVVDQ
QWH
HULR
RUPHQWWH FLWWDGRVFR
RQG
GX]HP
P DXPD
PD
GRWHPSRQHFHVViULRDWpPHLRYDORU
RDWpPH
PHLR
PH
LR YDO
D RU
T2 = 350 s
3DUDDFRPSRQHQWHORQJDVXDFDUJDSRGHVHUDSUR[LPDGDPHQWHFDOFXODGDSRU
ORQJDVXDFDUJD
JD SRG
GH VH
VHUUDS
DSUR
DS
UR[L
UR
[LPD
[L
PDGD
PD
GDPH
GD
PHQW
PH
QWH
QW
H FDOFXODGDSR
H
QORQJD = QDVK Qcurta =&
6XDGXUDomRVHJXQGRD)LJXUD$SRGHVHUHVWLPDGDDSDUWLUGRVGDGRVGD7DEHOD$FRPR
TORQJD =V

A.3.3

Primeiro impulso negativo

3DUDDOJXQVHIHLWRVGHDFRSODPHQWRLQGXWLYRRSULPHLURLPSXOVRQHJDWLYROHYDDWHQV}HVLQGX]LGDV
PDLVDOWDVSRUH[HPSORQRVFDERVQRLQWHULRUGHGXWRVSDUDFDEHDPHQWRIHLWRVGHFRQFUHWRDUPDGR
'D)LJXUD$ OLQKDVH RVVHJXLQWHVYDORUHVFRPSUREDELOLGDGHVLQIHULRUHVDSRGHPVHU
XWLOL]DGRV
D  I =N$
E  di/dt =N$s.

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

31

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

3DUD R SULPHLUR LPSXOVR QHJDWLYR GH DFRUGR FRP D )LJXUD $ HVWHV YDORUHV GmR XPD SULPHLUD
DSUR[LPDomRSDUDRVVHXVWHPSRVGHIUHQWHGHRQGDGH
T1 = I / (di/dt =s
6HX WHPSR DWp R PHLR YDORU SRGH VHU HVWLPDGR GD GXUDomR GD SULPHLUD FRPSRQHQWH GH LPSXOVRV
negativos:
T2 = 200 s (T2pXPSDUkPHWURGHLQWHUHVVHVHFXQGiULR

A.3.4

Impulso subsequente

2 YDORU Pi[LPR GD WD[D PpGLD GH YDULDomR GD FRUUHQWH GiGt UHODFLRQDGR FRP FHQWHOKDPHQWRV
SHULJRVRVGHYLGRjDFRSODPHQWRLQGXWLYRpGHWHUPLQDGRDSDUWLUGHFRPSRQHQWHVFXUWDVVXEVHTXHQWHV
SODPHQWRLQGXWLYRpGHWHUUPL
PLQ
QD R D SDUWLUGHFRPSRQHQWHVF
QDGR
ULFDVQHJDWLYDV S
SRL
SRL
R V
VVH
VH
VHX
HXVYDORUHVFRP GHRFRUUrQFLD
GHGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVQHJDWLYDV SRLVVHXVYDORUHVFRPGHRFRUUrQFLDVmRXPSRXFRPDLV
HOHYDGRV TXH RV YDORUHV
FRPSRQHQWHV
RX TXH RV
UHV FRP  
 GH
GH RFRUUrQFLD
RFR
FRUUrQ
rQFL
rQ
FLD
FL
D GDV
GD SULPHLUDV
SULPH
HL
HLUDV
F PSRQHQWHV QHJDWLYDV
FR
Q
YDORUHV FRUUHVSRQGHQWHV
SDUWLU GD
HV FRP 

 
 GH
GH
H RFRUUrQFLD
RFFR Ur
RFRU
rQFFLD GDV
GDVV GHVFDUJDV
GH
HVFDUUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV
DWP
WPRV
WP
R IpULFDV SRVLWLYDV $
S
)LJXUD$ OLQKDVH RVYDORUHVVHJXLQWHVSRGHPVHUREWLGRVFRPSUREDELOLGDGHVLQIHULRUHVD
 RVYDO
DORU
DO
RUHV
RU
HVVHJ
HV
HJXLQWHV
HJ
HVSR
RGHP
PVH
HU REWLGR
RV FRP
RP SURED
EDELOLGD
ED
D  I =N$
E  di/dt =N$s.
3DUD XP LPSXOVR VXEVHTXHQWH
XPD SULPHLUD
EVHT
HTX
XHQWWH FRQIRUPH
FRQIRUPH
I
H D
D )LJXUD
)LJ
JXUUD $
$
 HVWHV
HVWH
HV YDORUHV
YD
DORUH
HV IRUQHFHP
IRUQH
DSUR[LPDomRGRWHPSRGHIUHQWHGHRQGD
RGH
HIUUHQWWH GHRQGD
GD
D
T1 = I / (di/dt =s
s
6HXWHPSRDWpPHLRYDORUSRGHVHUHVWLPDGRGDGXUDomRGDVFRPSRQHQWHVGRVLPSXOVRVVXEVHTXHQWHV
OR
RU SRG
RGH
H VHUHVWLPD
DGR
RGD GXUDomR
RGD
DVFR
RPSR
RQHQ
QWHVVGR
RVLPS
negativos:
SDUkP
PHWU
WUR
WU
R GH
GHLQWHUH
HVVVHVHFFXQGi
iULR
R
T2 = 100 s (T2pXPSDUkPHWURGHLQWHUHVVHVHFXQGiULR

A.4 Estabelecendo
ndo os p
parmetros
ar
metros mnimos
mnimo
os da c
corrente
orrente das descargas
atmosfricas
$HFiFLDGHLQWHUFHSomRGHXPVXEVLVWHPDGHFDSWDomRGHSHQGHGRVYDORUHVPtQLPRVGRVSDUkPHWURV
GDVFRUUHQWHVGDVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVHGRVUDLRVFRUUHVSRQGHQWHVGDHVIHUDURODQWH$VIURQWHLUDV
JHRPpWULFDV GH iUHDV SURWHJLGDV FRQWUD TXHGDV GLUHWDV GH GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV SRGHP VHU
GHWHUPLQDGDVSHORPpWRGRGDHVIHUDURODQWH
6HJXQGRRPRGHORHOHWURJHRPpWULFRRUDLRGDHVIHUDURODQWHr GLVWkQFLDQDOGHVDOWR HVWiUHODFLRQDGR
FRPRYDORUGHSLFRGRSULPHLURLPSXOVRGHFRUUHQWH(PXPUHODWyULRGHXPJUXSRGHWUDEDOKRGR
,(((DUHODomRpIRUQHFLGDFRPR
r = 10 I 

$

onde

32

r

pRUDLRGDHVIHUDURODQWHHVSUHVVRHPPHWURV P 

I

pDFRUUHQWHGHSLFRH[SUHVVDHPTXLORDPSqUHV N$ 
ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

3DUD XP GDGR UDLR GD HVIHUD URODQWH r SRGH VHU DVVXPLGR TXH WRGDV DV GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV
FRP YDORUHV GH SLFR PDLRUHV TXH R YDORU GH SLFR PtQLPRIFRUUHVSRQGHQWH VmR LQWHUFHSWDGDV SHORV
FDSWRUHVQDWXUDLVRXGHGLFDGRV'HVWDIRUPDDSUREDELOLGDGHSDUDRVYDORUHVGHSLFRGDVSULPHLUDV
FRPSRQHQWHVSRVLWLYDVHQHJDWLYDVREWLGDGD)LJXUD$ OLQKDV$H pDVVXPLGDFRPRVHQGRD
SUREDELOLGDGHGHLQWHUFHSWDomR/HYDQGRHPFRQVLGHUDomRDUD]mRGHSRODULGDGHGHGHGHVFDUJDV
DWPRVIpULFDVSRVLWLYDVHGHGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVQHJDWLYDVDSUREDELOLGDGHWRWDOGHLQWHUFHSWDomR
SRGHVHUFDOFXODGD YHU7DEHOD 

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

33

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Anexo B
LQIRUPDWLYR
Equao da corrente da descarga atmosfrica em funo do tempo para
efeito de anlise

$VIRUPDVGHRQGDGDFRUUHQWH
D  GRSULPHLURLPSXOVRSRVLWLYRV
E  GRSULPHLURLPSXOVRQHJDWLYRV
VRQHJDWLYRV
F  GRVLPSXOVRVQHJDWLYRVVXEVHTXHQWHVs
DWLYRVVXEVHTX
TXHQ
TX
HQWH
HQ
WHV
WH
V 
 





s
SRGHPVHUGHQLGDVFRPR
RPR

I
(t / T1)10
exxp ( t / T2 ) 

exp
k 1 + (t / T1)10

i =

%

onde
I

pRYDORUGHSLFRGDFRUUHQWH
RGD FRUUUHQW
Q H
QW

p o IDWRUGHFRUUHomRSDUDRYDORUGHSLFRGHFRUUHQWH
UHom
omR
R SD
DUDRYDORUUGH
HS
SLFR
RGHFR
FRUUUHQ
FR
H WH

pR WHPSR

HWHP
HPSR
HP
SR GHIUHQWH
T1 pD FRQVWDQWHGHWHPSRGHIUHQWH
e tempo
po de
de cauda.
ca
T2 pD constante de
3DUDDVIRUPDVGHRQGDGDFRUUHQWHGRSULPHLURLPSXOVRSRVLWLYRSULPHLURLPSXOVRQHJDWLYRHSDUDRV
DGDFRUUHQ
QWH GR
RSU
SULP
SU
LPHLUR LPS
LP
PSXOVR SRV
RVLLWLYRSULPH
RV
LW
PHLU
PH
LUR
LU
RLPSXOV
EVHTXHQWHVSDUD
D GLIIHU
HUHQ
H WH
HQ
WHVV 13
13 Vm
VmR
RDS
DSOLOLOLFD
DS
FDGR
FD
GRVVRV
GR
RV SDUkPHWURV
LPSXOVRVQHJDWLYRVVXEVHTXHQWHVSDUDGLIHUHQWHV13VmRDSOLFDGRVRVSDUkPHWURVGDGRVQD7DEHOD%
$VFXUYDVDQDOtWLFDVHPIXQomRGRWHPSRVmRPRVWUDGDVQDV)LJXUDV%D%
PIXQomRGRWHPSRVm
VmR
Vm
RPRVWWUDG
GD QD
GDV
QDVV)L
)LJXUDV%D%
)L
Tabela B.1 Parmetros para a equao B.1
Primeiro impulso positivo

Primeiro Impulso negativo

Impulso negativo
subsequente

NP

NP

NP

Parmetros
I

II

III - IV

II

III-IV

II

III-IV

, N$

200

150

100

100

75

50

50



25



















T1 (V



















T2 (V













143

143

143

34

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

100 %

90 %

5 Ps
50 %

10 %
0%
T1

t
T2
IIEC 2621/10

Figura B.1 F
Forma
orm
or
ma d
de
e onda da e
elevao
le
eva
ao
o d
da
a co
corrente
orre
ente do prim
primeiro
meiro im
impulso positivo

100 %

200 s
s

50 %
50 %

0%
T2

t
IEC 2622/10

Figura B.2 Forma de onda da cauda da corrente do primeiro impulso positivo

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

35

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

100 %

90 %

1 s
50 %

10 %
0%
t

T1
T2

IEC 2623/10

rma
ma d
e onda
da d
a el
e
ev
vao
od
a co
c
rre
entte do
o pri
imeiiro impu
Figura B.3 Forma
de
da
elevao
da
corrente
primeiro
impulso negativo

100 %

50 s
s

50 %
50 %

0%
t
T2
IEC 2624/10

Figura B.4 Forma de onda da cauda da corrente do primeiro impulso negativo

36

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

100 %

90 %

0,2 s
50 %

10
0%
0%
T1

t
T2
IEC 2625/10

Figura B.5 Forma


rma d
de
eo
onda
nda da e
elevao
lev
vao
o da co
corr
corrente
r entte do impuls
impulso
so n
negativo
ega
subsequente

100 %

50 s
50 %

50 %

0%
T2

t
IEC 2626/10

Figura B.6 Forma de onda da cauda da corrente do impulso negativo subsequente

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

37

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

$FRPSRQHQWHORQJDSRGHVHUGHVFULWDFRPRXPDIRUPDGHRQGDUHWDQJXODUFRPXPDFRUUHQWHPpGLD
IHDGXUDomRTORQJDGHDFRUGRFRPD7DEHOD
$GHQVLGDGHGDDPSOLWXGHGDFRUUHQWHGDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFD )LJXUD% SRGHVHUGHULYDGDGDV
FXUYDVDQDOtWLFDVHPIXQomRGRWHPSR
Faixa relevante de frequncia
Para efeitos de LEMP
3

10

Primeira componente negativa


100 kA 1/200 s

10

Densidade da amplitude
(A/Hz)

10

10

Com
mpo
p ne
nent
nte
nt
e subsequente
subs
bse
bs
eque
ente negativa
nega
ativa
a
Componente
50
0,25/100
0 kA
A 0
,25/10
,2
00 s

1
f

10

10

1
3

10

Primeira
Prime
eira
a componente
com
mponen
nte positiva
positi
tiva
ti
20
00 kA 10/
/35
3 0 s
200
10/350

10

10

10

10
0

10

1
10

10

10

10

Frequncia
Fre
equ
ncia f (Hz)
(H
Hz)
IEC 2627/10

Figura B.7 Densidade


nsidade
de d
da
a am
amplitude
ed
da
a corre
corrente
rentte da desc
re
descarga
carg
ga at
atmosfrica
tmo
mosf
sf
sf
de acordo
com
com
m o NP
PI



ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Anexo C
LQIRUPDWLYR
6LPXODomRGDFRUUHQWHGDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDFRPDQDOLGDGH
de ensaios

C.1

Geral

6H XPD HVWUXWXUD p DWLQJLGD SRU XPD GHVFDUJD DWPRVIpULFD D FRUUHQWH GD GHVFDUJD DWPRVIpULFD
pGLVWULEXtGDSHODHVWUXWXUD$RHQVDLDUFRPSRQHQWHVLQGLYLGXDLVGHSURWHomRUHFRPHQGDVHTXHLVWR
WUXWXUD$RHQVDLDUFRP
PSR
SRQH
QHQW
QH
QWHV
QW
HV LQG
QGLY
LYLG
LY
LGXDLVGHSURWHomRU
LG
VLGHUDomRSRUPH
PHLR
PH
LR GD
D HVFROKDDSURSU
S LDGDGRVSDUkPHWURV
VHMDOHYDGRHPFRQVLGHUDomRSRUPHLRGDHVFROKDDSURSULDGDGRVSDUkPHWURVGHHQVDLRSDUDFDGD
FRPSRQHQWH3DUDHVWDQDOLGDGHFRQYpPTXHVHMDIHLWDXPDDQiOLVHGRVLVWHPD
VWDQDOLGDG
GH FRQ
QYp
YpPTX
TXHVH
TX
HMD
MDIHLWD
DXP
PDDQi
QiOLVHGRVLVWHP
Qi

C.2 6LPXODomRGDHQHUJLDHVSHFtFDGRSULPHLURLPSXOVRSRVLWLYRHGDFDUJD
R GD HQHUJLD HVSH
HFtFD GR SULP
PHLLUR
R LP
PSX
XOVR
R SR
da componente lon
longa
nga
2VSDUkPHWURVGHHQVDLRVVmRGHQLGRVQDV7DEHODV&H&HXPH[HPSORGHJHUDGRUGHHQVDLR
QVVDL
DLRV
RVVmR
RV
mR GHQLGR
RVQD
DV7
7DEH
HOD
DV&H
H &
HXPH
H[HP
HP
PSO
SOR
p PRVWUDGR QD )LJXUD
HQHUJLD
UD &
&
 R
R TXDO
TX
XDO SRGH
SRG
RGH VHU
VH
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127$

2SULPHLURLPSXOVRQHJDWLYRQmRpXWLOL]DGRSDUDRVSURSyVLWRVGHHQVDLRV

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

39

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Chave de partida

100 H a 300 H

1,5

LP

20 F

Chave
Crowbar

0,5 s

Item sob ensaio


RP

160 kV tenso de
carga UL

600 V
R1 0,1

R2
Shunt

Gerador de corrente para a


primeira componente curta

Gerador de corrente para a


componente longa
IEC 2847/10

127$

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iYHLVSDUD13,
,

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JHUD
DGR
GRU GH HQV
VDLLR SDUD VLPX
PXODomR
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D HQH
HUJLLD HVSH
)LJXUD&([HPSORGHJHUDGRUGHHQVDLRSDUDVLPXODomRGDHQHUJLDHVSHFtFDGRSULPHLUR
impulso
positivo
da
carga
componente
longa
impu
puls
pu
lso
ls
o po
ositiivo e d
ac
arga
a da
ac
om
mpo
one
entte lo
onga
a
Tabela C.1
Parmetros
de
ensaios
primeiro
impulso
positivo
.1 Pa
Parme
mettros d
me
e en
nsa
aios pa
para o p
rime
ri
eiro imp
puls
so p
o
Parmetros
ettros de
de ensaio
ensaio

NP
NP
I

II
II

,,,,9
,,,,,9
9

Tolerncia


9DORUGHSLFRGDFRUUHQWHI
D FRU
RUUHQ
QWHII  N$

200
20
00

150

100
100
0

10

  &


&DUJDQcurta &

100
0

75
75

50

20

(QHUJLDHVSHFtFDW/R 0-
tFFDW/
W/R
W/
R 0-

10







35

Tabela
Parmetros
ensaios
para
componente
la C.2
2P
arm
ar
etrros de e
nsaiios
s pa
ara
a a comp
ponen
ente llonga
en
on
Parmetros
etros de ensaio
e sa
en
saio
io

C.3

Nvel
Nvel de
e proteo
prote
te
te
o
I

IIII

,,,,9

Tolerncia


&
&DUJDQORQJD &

200
200

150
150
15

100

20

'XUDomRTORQJD V







10

Simulao da taxa de variao da frente de onda de corrente dos impulsos

$ WD[D GH YDULDomR GD FRUUHQWH GHWHUPLQD D WHQVmR LQGX]LGD PDJQHWLFDPHQWH HP ODoRV LQVWDODGRV
SHUWRGHFRQGXWRUHVTXHFRQGX]HPDVFRUUHQWHVGDVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDV
$WD[DGHYDULDomRGDFRUUHQWHGHXPLPSXOVRpGHQLGDFRPRDHOHYDomRGDFRUUHQWHi durante o
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SULPHLURLPSXOVRSRVLWLYRHSDUDRLPSXOVRVXEVHTXHQWHQHJDWLYR

40

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

127$
(VWDVLPXODomRFREUHDWD[DGHYDULDomRGDIUHQWHGHRQGDGHFRUUHQWHGRVLPSXOVRV$FDXGDGD
FRUUHQWHQmRWHPLQXrQFLDQHVWHWLSRGHVLPXODomR

$ VLPXODomR GH DFRUGR FRP & SRGH VHU DSOLFDGD LQGHSHQGHQWHPHQWH RX HP FRPELQDomR FRP D
VLPXODomRGHDFRUGRFRP&
3DUD LQIRUPDo}HV DGLFLRQDLV VREUH SDUkPHWURV GH HQVDLRV VLPXODQGR RV HIHLWRV GDV GHVFDUJDV
DWPRVIpULFDVHPFRPSRQHQWHVGH63'$YHU$QH[R'
Tabela C.3 Parmetros de ensaios dos impulsos
NP
I

II

III-IV

Tolerncia
%

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V

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20
2
0
10
0

150
15
1
0
10
1
0

100
1
10

10
20

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25
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10
20

Parmetros de ensaio

ii

t
t
IEC 2628/10

)LJXUD&'HQLomRSDUDDWD[DGHYDULDomRGDFRUUHQWHGHDFRUGRFRPD7DEHOD&

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

41

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

2 H

0,25

9 H
300 kV
Tenso de
carga UL

10 F
0,1

Gerador de corrente

127$

Item sob ensaio

9DORUHVDSOLFiYHLVSDUD13,
S

Figura C.3 Exemplo


o de gerado
gerador
or de e
ensaio
n aio
ns
op
para
ara
a a sim
simulao
mula
ao d
da
a taxa de var
variao da frente de
onda do primeiro
impulso
positivo
para
sob
ensaio
grande porte
rimeiro imp
mpul
mp
ulso
ul
so p
ositiivo
os
o pa
ara
r iitens
ten
ns so
ob ensai
aio
ai
o de gran
6 H

10

9 H
3,5 MV
Tenso
de carga

10
0n
nF
F
0,1

Ger
Gerador
rad
dor tipo Marx
Marx
rx
rx

Item sob ensaio


IEC 2630/10

127$

9DORUHVDSOLFiYHLVSDUD13,
iYHLVSDUD
UD 13
3,
,
,

Figura C.4 Exemplo


plo de geradorr de e
ensaio
n ai
ns
aio
o pa
para
ra a s
simulao
imul
im
ula
ul
ao
a
o d
da
a taxa de v
variao da frente
de onda dos impulsos
subsequentes
negativos
de grande porte
ulsos subsequente
te
es ne
nega
g ti
tivo
vos
vo
s pa
para
ra iitens
ten
te
ns sob ensaio d

42

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Anexo D
LQIRUPDWLYR
Parmetros de ensaio para simular os efeitos da descarga atmosfrica
sobre os componentes do SPDA

D.1

Geral

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DUJDVDWPRVIpULFDV(VWH
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[R FRE
REUH
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UWHGDFRUUHQWHGD
DVGH
GHVF
GH
VFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVHUHFRPHQGDV
VF
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FRQMXQWRFRPDVQRUPDVTXHHVSHFLFDPRVUHTXLVLWRVHRVHQVDLRVSDUDFDGDFRPSRQHQWHHVSHFtFR
PDVTXHHVS
SHF
HFL
LFD
L
F P
FD
P RVV UHTXLVL
VLWR
VL
W VHRV HQVDLLRV
R SDUDFDGDF
127$
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VUHOHYDQW
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HV D FHUUWR
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RVGR
RVLVVWHP
PD S
SRU H[HPS
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SORD
D FRRUG
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VLGH
VL
G UDG
GRVQHVWWH $QH[R
GHSURWHomRFRQWUDVXUWRV QmRVmRFRQVLGHUDGRVQHVWH$QH[R

D.2

Parmetros
os
sd
de
ec
corrente
orre
ente rrelevantes
elev
vante
es a
ao
o po
ponto
onto de
e im
impacto
mpa
acto

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FR
RUUUHQ
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JDV
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DV TXH H[HUF
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$7DEHOD'DSUHVHQWDRVYDORUHVPi[LPRVGHI,
Q,, W/
W/R,
di/dt
para ensaios
QWDRV
V YD
DORUH
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RUHV
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HI, Q
W/R
R, T e d
i/d
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em cconsiderados
o s
on
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GHSURWHo
HomR
Ho
mR UHT
HTXHUL
ULGR
UL
G 
GR

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

43

44

Efeitos combinados
ado
d s
(trmicos, mecnicos
n

niccoss e de
e
arco)

Eroso no eletrodo
odo
od
de
e
aterramento

Componentes de conexo

Aterramento

Efeitos mecnicos
icos

Aquecimento hmico
hmico

Captao e descidas

Problema principal

Eroso no ponto de impacto


(por exemplo, chapas
metlicas finas)

Captao

Componente

200
150
150
100
100

I
II
IIII - IV
II

200
200
15
50
150
100

W/R
W/
R [[kJ/]
kJ//]
kJ

I [[kA]
kA]]
kA

NP

I
II
III - IV

10 0
00
000
5 60
600
0
2 50
500
0

200
200
150
150
100
100

I
II
IIII - IV
II

<1s
( pl
(a
p ic
icar
a Qlong
ar
(aplicar
longa
a
em pulso
nico)
nic
n
ico)
o))

W/R
[kJ/]
W//R [kJ/
]

I [kA]

NP

Qlonga [C]

Aplilica
Ap
carr W/R
ca
W/R
Aplicar
uma
em uma
configura
ao
a
o
configurao
ad
dia
iab
bti
tica
ti
c
adiabtica

10 000
000
600
5 600
500
2 500

I
III
IIII - IV
II

NP

W/R
W/
R [[kJ/]
kJ//]
kJ

NP
P

000
10 000
6 0
60
5 600
2 500

<1s
(aplicar Qlonga
em um pulso
nico)
ic
n
ico)

200
150
100

I
II
III - IV

Qlonga [C]

NP

< 2 ms
(apl
p ic
pl
icar
ar I e
(aplicar
W/ R em
W/R
p ul
ulso
so
um pulso
nico)

Parmetros das descargas atmosfricas

Dimensionamento geralmente
determinado por aspectos
mecnicos e qumicos (corroso
etc.)

torna estes ensaios suprfluos

Um dimensionamento conforme
conforme a ABNT NBR 5419-3

Notas

Tabela D.1 Resumo dos parmetros da descarga atmosfrica a serem considerados nos clculos dos valores de ensaio para
diferentes componentes do SPDA e para diferentes nveis de proteo

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

Efeitos de energia
ia
(sobrecarga)

DPS contendo blocos de


resistores
de xido metlico

Efeitos dieltricos
s
(descargas disruptivas/
rupt
ptt iv
i as
a /
trincas)

Efeitos combinados
(trmicos, mecnicos e de
arco)

Problema principal

DPS contendo centelhador

Componente

I [kA]
200
150
150
100

I
II
III - IV

100
75
50

I
II
III - IV
NP

Qccurt
C]
curta
rrta [[C]

200
150
100
10
0

I
II
III - IV
NP

I [kA]

NP

((aplicar
ap
plilicar I em
um nico
ni
nico
co
pulso)
pu

< 2 ms

100
75
50
5
0

Qcurta [C]
10 000
5 600
2 500

W/R [kJ/]

Parmetros das descargas atmosfricas

Tabela D.1 FRQWLQXDomR

200
150
100
1

di/dt
[kA/s]

Ensaios separados podem ser


considerados

Ambos os aspectos necessitam


ser verificados

Aplicar I, Qcurta e W/R em um


pulso nico (durao T < 2 ms);
aplicar di/dt em um pulso
separado

Notas

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

45

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

D.3

Distribuio da corrente

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46

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

D.4

Efeitos da corrente da descarga atmosfrica e possveis danos

D.4.1

Efeitos trmicos

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Aquecimento resistivo

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47

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Tabela D.2 Caractersticas fsicas de materiais tpicos utilizados em componentes de SPDA


Material

Grandeza

Alumnio

Ao doce

Cobre

Ao inoxidvel a

0 >P@

29 10-9

120
12
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700 10-9
7

>.@


10-33




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10
0-3

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2 700
700

7 700
700





s >&@




15
530
30





1 500

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397
39
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03

272 103
27

209
2
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469
46
69





500

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10

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2,5

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564

169

542

16

146

454

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56

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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

$ GHVFDUJD DWPRVIpULFD WtSLFD p FDUDFWHUL]DGD SRU XPD GHVFDUJD FXUWD WHPSR DWp R PHLR YDORU GH
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primeira descarga de retorno.
D.4.1.2

Danos trmicos no ponto de impacto

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Modelo da queda de tens


tenso
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s
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ua, c (t ) i (t ) dt = ua, c

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do arco.
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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

49

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UHVXOWDGRVHPWHUPRVGHFXUYDVHIRUPXODVHVWmRUHVXPLGRVHP'1HQKXPHQVDLRGHODERUDWyULR
pSRUWDQWRQHFHVViULRHPJHUDOSDUDYHULFDURFRPSRUWDPHQWRGHXPFRQGXWRUVRERSRQWRGHYLVWD
GHHOHYDomRGHWHPSHUDWXUD
(PWRGRVRVFDVRVSDUDRVTXDLVXPHQVDLRGHODERUDWyULRpUHTXLVLWDGRDVVHJXLQWHVFRQVLGHUDo}HV
GHYHPVHUOHYDGDVHPFRQWD
D  RVSDUkPHWURVSULQFLSDLVGHHQVDLRDVHUHPFRQVLGHUDGRVVmRDHQHUJLDHVSHFtFDHDGXUDomR
GDFRUUHQWHGHLPSXOVR
E  D HQHUJLD HVSHFtFD GHWHUPLQD D HOHYDomR GH WHPSHUDWXUD GHYLGR DR DTXHFLPHQWR SRU HIHLWR
-RXOHFDXVDGDSHODSDVVDJHPGDFRUUHQWHGDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFD9DORUHVQXPpULFRVDVHUHP
54

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

FRQVLGHUDGRVVmRDTXHOHVUHOHYDQWHVjSULPHLUDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFD'DGRVFRQVHUYDWLYRVVmR
REWLGRVFRQVLGHUDQGRVHGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVSRVLWLYDV
F  DGXUDomRGDFRUUHQWHGHLPSXOVRWHPXPDLQXrQFLDGHFLVLYDQRSURFHVVRGHWURFDGHFDORUFRP
UHVSHLWR DR DPELHQWH DR UHGRU GR FRQGXWRU FRQVLGHUDGR 1D PDLRULD GRV FDVRV D GXUDomR GR
LPSXOVRGHFRUUHQWHpWmRFXUWDTXHRSURFHVVRGHDTXHFLPHQWRSRGHVHUFRQVLGHUDGRDGLDEiWLFR
D.5.3.2

Efeitos mecnicos

&RPRGLVFXWLGRHP'DVLQWHUDo}HVPHFkQLFDVVmRGHVHQYROYLGDVHQWUHFRQGXWRUHVFRQGX]LQGR
DFRUUHQWHGDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFD$IRUoDpSURSRUFLRQDODRSURGXWRGDVFRUUHQWHVTXHXHPSHORV
FRQGXWRUHV RX DR TXDGUDGR GD FRUUHQWH VH XP FRQGXWRU FRP GREUD VLPSOHV IRU FRQVLGHUDGR  H p
LQYHUVDPHQWHSURSRUFLRQDOjGLVWkQFLDHQWUHRVFRQGXWRUHV
8PDVLWXDomRXVXDORQGHXPHIHLWRYLVtYHOSRGHRFRUUHUpTXDQGRXPFRQGXWRUIRUPDXPODoRRXp
RQGHXPHIHLWRYLVtYHO
HO SRG
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reproduzidos durante o ensaio.
$ HQHUJLD HVSHFtFD GH XP LPSXOVR GH FRUUHQWH GHWHUPLQD R HVIRUoR TXH FDXVD DV GHIRUPDo}HV
HOiVWLFDHSOiVWLFDGDHVWUXWXUDGR63'$2VYDORUHVQXPpULFRVDVHUHPFRQVLGHUDGRVVmRDTXHOHV
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2V YDORUHV Pi[LPRV GR LPSXOVR GH FRUUHQWH GHWHUPLQDP D H[WHQVmR GR GHVORFDPHQWR Pi[LPR GD
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QXPpULFRV D VHUHP FRQVLGHUDGRV VmR DTXHOHV SHUWLQHQWHV j SULPHLUD FRPSRQHQWH GD GHVFDUJD
DWPRVIpULFD

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

55

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

D.5.3.3

Componentes de conexo

2VFRPSRQHQWHVGHFRQH[mRHQWUHFRQGXWRUHVDGMDFHQWHVGHXP63'$VmRSRVVtYHLVSRQWRVIUDFRV
WpUPLFRVHPHFkQLFRVVXMHLWRVDDOWtVVLPRVHVIRUoRV
1R FDVR GH XP FRQHFWRU LQVWDODGR GH PDQHLUD D ID]HU FRP TXH R FRQGXWRU IRUPH XP kQJXOR UHWR
RVHIHLWRVSULQFLSDLVGRVHVIRUoRVHVWmRDVVRFLDGRVjVIRUoDVPHFkQLFDVDVTXDLVWHQGHPDHQGLUHLWDUR
FRQMXQWRGHFRQGXWRUHVHYHQFHUDVIRUoDVGHDWULWRHQWUHRVFRPSRQHQWHVGHFRQH[mRHRVFRQGXWRUHV
WUDFLRQDQGRDVFRQH[}HVSRGHQGRSRUWDQWRDEULODVeSRVVtYHOTXHRFRUUDPDUFRVQRVSRQWRVGH
FRQWDWR GH GLIHUHQWHV SDUWHV $OpP GLVWR R HIHLWR GH DTXHFLPHQWR FDXVDGR SHOD FRQFHQWUDomR GD
FRUUHQWHVREUHSHTXHQDVVXSHUItFLHVGHFRQWDWRWHPXPHIHLWRQmRGHVSUH]tYHO
(QVDLRVGHODERUDWyULRWrPPRVWUDGRTXHpGLItFLOVHSDUDURVHIHLWRVXPGRRXWURXPDYH]TXHXPD
FRPSOH[DLQWHUDomRGHHIHLWRVVHHVWDEHOHFHDUHVLVWrQFLDPHFkQLFDpDIHWDGDSHODIXVmRORFDOL]DGD
GDiUHDGHFRQWDWRGHVORFDPHQWRVUHODWLYRVHQWUHSDUWHVGRVFRPSRQHQWHVGHFRQH[mRSURPRYHPD
VORFDPHQWRVUHODWLYRVHQ
HQWU
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RVFRPSRQHQWHVGHFR
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D.5.3.4

Aterramento

2VSUREOHPDVUHDLVFRPHOHWURGRVGHDWHUUDPHQWRVmRUHODFLRQDGRVFRPFRUURVmRTXtPLFDHGDQRV
PHFkQLFRVFDXVDGRVSRURXWUDVIRUoDVTXHQmRDVHOHWURGLQkPLFDV(PFDVRVSUiWLFRVDHURVmRGR
HOHWURGRGHDWHUUDPHQWRQDUHJLmRGHFRQWDWRGHDUFRVpGHPHQRULPSRUWkQFLD'HYHVHSRUWDQWR
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DVVLPHIHLWRVPHQRVLPSRUWDQWHVDVVRFLDGRVDDUFRV'RLVSDUkPHWURVGHHQVDLRVSULQFLSDLVGHYHPVHU
considerados neste caso:
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GDSULPHLUDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDSRGHVHUGHVSUH]DGDXPDYH]TXHGHVFDUJDVGHORQJDGXUDomR
DSUHVHQWDPVHFRPRPDLVVHYHUDVSDUDHVWHVXEVLVWHPD
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FRPSDUiYHOjVGXUDo}HVGDVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVGHORQJDGXUDomR VDV 
56

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

D.6
D.6.1

Dispositivo de proteo contra surtos (DPS)


Geral

2VHIHLWRVGRVHVIRUoRVHPXP'36FDXVDGRVSHODVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVGHSHQGHPGRWLSRGH
'36FRQVLGHUDGRFRPDWHQomRHVSHFLDOjSUHVHQoDRXDXVrQFLDGHXPFHQWHOKDGRU

D.6.2

DPS contendo centelhadores

2VHIHLWRVHPFHQWHOKDGRUHVFDXVDGRVSHODVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVSRGHPVHUGLYLGLGRVHPGXDV
categorias importantes:
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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

57

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

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D.7 Resumo dos


s parmetros de e
ensaios
nsaios a s
serem
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componentes de SPDA
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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Anexo E
LQIRUPDWLYR
Surtos devido s descargas atmosfricas em diferentes pontos da
instalao

E.1

Viso geral

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E.2

Surtos devido
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do
s
s de
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mos
sf
ric
cas
sn
na
a es
estrutura
strutura ((fonte
f
de danos S1)

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(

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(

onde
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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

59

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Z1

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60

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Tabela E.1 Valores de impedncias convencionais de aterramento Z e Z1 de acordo com a


resistividade do solo

Z1a

Impedncia convencional de aterramento relativa ao tipo de


SPDAb
Z

II

,,,,9

100

200

11

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10

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1 000

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10

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10

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35

10

15

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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

61

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

E.3

Surtos pertinentes s linhas conectadas estrutura

E.3.1

Surtos devido s descargas atmosfricas nas linhas (fonte de danos S3)

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DVVRFLDGRVFRPRQtYHOGHSURWHomR 13 
Tabela E.2 Surtos de correntes devido s descargas atmosfricas previstos em sistemas
de baixa tenso
Sistemas
Sist
Si
s emas de baixa tenso
st
Descargas
rgas atmosfricas
atmo
osf
sfr
ric
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as diretas
dir
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Fonte de
ed
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anos
an
os
S3 (descarga
sc
carrga
atmosfrica
ca
a direta)
dire
reta))E
Forma de
e ond
onda
nda
nd
a da
a
corrente:
ente
te:
10/350
50 s
s
kkA
A

Fonte
de
Fo
F
ontte d
e danos
S4 (descarga
(de
esc
carrga
atmosfrica
atm
mosffric
ca
indireta)
in
ndire
eta)c
Forma
Form
Fo
rma
a de onda da
a
corrente:
corrren
nte:
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8/2
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De
gas
atmosfricas
attmosf
sfric
sf
cas perto
per
erto
t
a
da estrutura
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s ru
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a

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e de
ed
ano
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2
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a)

Fonte
de danos S1
F
(corrente
induzida)
(c

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de
onda
Fo
orm
ma d
e ond
da da
a
corrente:
corrrente:
8/20
0 s
kA
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Forma
de onda da
F
corrente:d
8/20 s
kA

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62

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

Tabela E.3 Surtos de correntes devido s descargas atmosfricas previstos em sistemas


de sinais
Sistemas de sinaisa
Descargas atmosfricas diretas e
indiretas na linha

Descargas
atmosfricas perto
da estruturaE

Descargas
atmosfricas na
estruturaE

Fonte de danos S2
(corrente induzida)

Fonte de danos S1
(corrente induzida)

Forma de onda da
corrente:
8/20 s
kA

Forma de onda da
corrente:
8/20 s
kA

Fonte de danos S3
(descarga
atmosfrica direta)c

Fonte de danos S4
(descarga
atmosfrica indireta)d

Forma de onda da
corrente:
10/350
0/350 s
kA

Forma de onda da
corrente:
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s
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E.3.2

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SRUXPIDWRU

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

63

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

E.4

Surtos devido aos efeitos de induo (fontes de danos S1 ou S2)

E.4.1

Geral

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E.4.2

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E.4.3

Surtos dentro
tro d
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64

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

65

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

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66

ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

ABNT NBR 5419-1:2015

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ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados

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