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Early Childhood Education I


Child Development Birth to Age Twelve

Apply developmentally appropriate activities for preschool

Apply developmentally appropriate reading activities for
5.02 C3
children three to five.
Essential Question: How should developmentally appropriate reading activities for three- to five-yearolds be done?




Participating in story time is one of the most essential reading activities for three-to-five-year-old
children. Stories help children develop a positive attitude toward books, increase their vocabulary, and
instill a desire to read. Here are some basic steps for reading and telling stories effectively.

Before the Story

1. Select an appropriate story
Based on the age and cognitive development of the children
Select anti-bias stories that are free of stereotypes
2. Become familiar with the story
Read the story several times
To build oral reading skills, read in front of a mirror or record yourself as you read
3. Decide if you will read or tell the story
If you read the story, children can look at illustrations as they listen and children may
become more interested in reading
If you tell the story, you may be better able to portray the characters and act out the story
4. Plan/arrange a comfortable setting in which to read/tell the story
To help children stay focused, plan a setting that is as free of distractions as possible
Plan to seat children in a group, as on carpet squares, pillows, or a patchwork quilt
5. Plan a grouping arrangement that will be workable
Try to keep the story group small
Group children according to age and interests
6. Plan a settling-down activity to get children ready to listen
Talk with the children about things that are happening that day
Use a finger-play, puppet, or other activity or prop to help the children settle down
7. Introduce the story
Use strategies to help set a mood --- ask questions, make a personal comment, show the book
cover, talk about what the story might be about
Use props --- e.g., live examples, stuffed examples, pictures --- stored in the pockets of a
storytelling apron or other interesting location such as a story chest or box
Explain words that the children may not know before beginning to read
Use facial expression, posture, and/or tone of voice to communicate that something special is
about to happen




Apply developmentally appropriate reading activities for

children three to five.

During the Story

8. Read with pleasure and feeling
Maintain eye contact with children
Pause at strategic points for effect
Read in a normal speaking voice except when altering volume or pace for effect
9. Handle interruptions
Accept interruptions pleasantly
Answer questions with patience
Ignore children who wiggle and praise children who sit still
10. Use strategies to maintain childrens interest in the story
Use a variety of storytelling techniques --- e.g., draw and tell, flipcharts, flannel board, and
magnetic board
Vary your volume or tempo
If necessary, skip over details
If interest in the story is lost, end the story early

After the Story

11. Make it clear that the story is finished
Ask a question about the story
Thank the children for listening or give them something to remember the story by
1 Evaluate your storytelling/reading methods
Make note of childrens reactions (responding during reading, asking to hear it again)
Make note of your strengths and weaknesses
Complete a storytelling/reading rubric to evaluate your effectiveness

(This information adapted from Working with Young Children, Judy Herr, Chapter 19.)