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# Calculations for Reinforced Soil Wall (Sta

Title

## Hand Calculations for modular block wall of height 10.75 m

Reference

BS 8006-1:2010

Date :
Designed by:
Checked by :
Approved by :
Reinforced Soil Data
Angle of Internal friction 1
Unit wt
Y1
Retained Backfill Soil Data
Angle of Internal friction 2
Unit wt
Foundation Soil Data
Cohesion
Angle of Internal Friction 3
Unit wt
Crash Barrier Data
Strip load due to crash barrier Q

32
18.5 kN/cu.m
30
18.5 kN/cu.m
0 kPa
30
18.5 kN/cu.m
15.45 kPa
23 kPa

## Live Load should be considered as per provisions of IRC:78-2014

Water table is considered below the influence zone.
General Shear Failure is considered.

COMPUTATION OF EXTERNA
10.75 m HIGH WALL BY STATIC ANALYSIS

## For reinforced soil:

ka = (l-sin)/(l+sin)

kal

0.307

Wall batter

32
4.23

ka2

0.333

## Mechanical wall height H =

10.75

Length of reinforcement L=

7.60

## Unit weight of foundation soil Vf

18

Foundation properties :

kN/m3

## Summary of partial factors to be used

Partial factors

to be applied tan0'
Soil material factors :

to be applied C
to be applied Cu
Sliding across surface of reinforcement (fs)

## Pullout resistance of reinforcement (fp)

Foundation bearing capacity : to be applied
Partial factors of safety

Sliding along base of the structure or any horizontal surface where there is soil-soil contact

combinations

Effects

## Mass of the reinforced soil body (ffs)

Mass of the backfill on top of the reinforced soil wall (ffs)
Earth pressure behind the structu(ffs)
Traffic load: On reinforced soil b(fq)
Behind reinforced soil block

(fq)

1.5

51

IRC:SP:102-2014
CASE :A

Self weight of Reinforced Soil Wall
Lever
Vj= Yi*H*L*ff5
= 18.5*10.75*7.6*1.5

kN/m

2267.18 kN/m

V2

Arm

= Q x b*fts

XI

3.8

V2

= 15.5*1.6*1.5

kN/m

37.08 kN/m

b=

1.6

X2

0.8

X3

3.8

Ql

* H * ffs

V3

= Ql x L*ffs
= 23*7.6*1.5

kN/m

262.2 kN/m

## Resultant Vertical Load

Rv = V1+V2+V3
=

2566.45 kN/m

Horizontal Forces

## Earth pressure behind reinforced soil block

Pi - 1/2 * ka2 *v2 * H2*ffs
= 0.5*0.333*18.5*10.75*10.75*1.5
=

534.22 kN/m

## Earth Pressure due to Live Load :

P2 = ka2 *

= 0.333*23*10.75*1.5
-

123.56 kN/m

## Check for Sliding along the base

CASE;B
For long term stability where there is soil to soil contact at the base of

the structure
fsRh< Rv(tan0'p/fms)+(C*L/fms)
Rh

Rv

0'p

fms

fs

## Sliding force (Rh)

Resisting force

(Rv * tanO'p)/fms

886.91 kN/m

(Pi+P2)

789.34 <

657.78 kN/m

886.91

## Hence structure is safe in sliding stability

52
IRC;SP; 102-2014
Check for Bearing Failure
Overturning Moment
Mo = (PI * H/3 + P2 * H/2)

CASE :A

2578.4 kN-m/m

Resisting Moment
Mr = (VI * L/2 +Lc/2 x V2+V3*L/2)
=

9641.3 KN-m/m
Eccentricity (e) of resultant load Rv about the centre line of the

base of width L
(Mr-M0)

e=

L/2 I(V1+V2+V3)

3.8

7062.8
2566.46

3.80-

1.048 m

2.752
<
<

qr

Rv
L-2e

Rv

=

2566.46
5.504

=
qr

<

quit/ fms

466.29 kN/m2

+ Y* Dm

## fms is partial material factor applied to qu,t

Ultimate bearing capacity of foundation soil

quit = {cf
for cp = 30

Nc

= 30.14

Nq

= 18.4

Ny

= 22.40
L-2e = 5.50

= 1440.80

kN/m2
qr<

1047.14 kN/m2

456.29 <

1047.14

## Hence foundation is safe against bearing capacity failure

53
IRCiSP; 102-2014
COMPUTATIOM OF INTERNAL STABILITY FOR 10.75 m HIGH WALL BY STATIC ANALYSIS

## Check for Rupture

For reinforced soil:

kal

0.307

r1

32
For retained backfill soil :

ka2

0,333

10.55 m

7.60 m
Foundation Properties

Dm

1m

18 kN/m3

Self weight of Reinforced soil wall

Vj = Vi*H*L
=

1483.33 kN/m

Qx b
V2

24.72 kN/m

## Vertical load due to live load

Vj

= Q| x L
174.8 kN/m

Horizontal Forces
Pa = 1/2 * ka2*v2* H2
=

343.02 kN/m

## Calculation for bottom layer of Geogrid

For long term stability where thercontact at the
base of the structure

fsRh< Rv(a1*tan0'p/fm\$)+(C,*L7fms)

Rh

Rv

0'p

fms

fs

L'

## is the effective base width for sliding

Rh

1.3

( Px+Pz)* ffs
635.80 kN/m

Rv

(vx + v2)
1508.05 kN/m
826.53 <

54

848.57

IRC:SP:102-2014
MOMENTS
Overturning Moment
Mo

Mo

## (Pi * H/3*ffs + P2 * H/2 *ffs)

2449.1 kN-m/m

ffs
Resisting moment
Mr = (Vx * L/2 +Lc/2 x V2+V3*L/2)*ffs
Mr

9481.0 KN-m/m
Eccentricity, e =

## Elevation of Geogrid Layer

El

0.2 m

E2

0.81 m

SvJ

0.5*(E2-E1)+E1
0.505 m

ovj

= Rvj / (L-2e)

Tpj

446.42 kN/m2
= kai * ovj * Svj

69.23 kN/m
Considering the crash barrier as a strip load and

where

Tsj

(ka * Svj * ff * SJ / Dj

Dj

((hj +b)/2) + d

Ka

0.307

Svj

0.505 m

ff =

55
IRC;SP;102-2014

1.5

SL

24.73 KN/m

Dj

6.875 m

Tsj

0.836 KN/m

Tj

TW + Tsi

Tj

70.07 KN/m

Geogrid D
Geogrid
Type #2

Geogrid Type #1
Tult(kPa)

40.0

60.0

## Strength Reduction factors

Durability (RFd)
Installation damage(RFjd) (based on type of soil)
Creep (RFcr)

1.1

## ( Varies based on temp of soil)

T design (kPa)

=TU|t/(RFdxRFidxRFc

For Type #6

1.51
20.94

TD=

Tult/(RFd*RFid*RFcr)

78.53 kN/m

31.41

fn=TD/Tj
1.1 >1.1

## Check for Pullout

Inclination of failure surface w.r.t horizontal
Elevation from bottom
wall batter (w)

6 = 45 + 0/: = 45 + 32/2 =

El

0.203 m

4.23

E.
Le = L

h E x Tan(co)
Tan{i//)

Effective Length

Le

7.47 m
Tt

J\J n
C

=0 KN/m2

ffs

1.5

fn

1.3

1.1

2
1

O.K

56
1RC:SP: 102-2014

0.5

hj

10.55 m

ff

fp

<

fp

<

## 1.5 from Table 11 of BS: 8006

Pj * p* Le*(ffs*Vl*hj)/Tj*fn
28.4

Case A

## Check for Connection Strength

The ultimate connection strength Tu|tconn (n) at each geosynthetic reinforcement shall be calculated as

Tultconn (n)

acs

^A/w(n)tanAcs
where TU|tconn(n) = ultimate connection strength

acs , Acs
Ww(n)

=

(H-Ej)*Yu*Wu

H=
yu

wall height
=

10.15 m

## W = Block unit width front to back

w{n)

72.81 KN/m

acs

19.71 KN/m

Acs

30

1 ultconn (n)
From Case A

61.77 KN/m
T,

70.07 KN/m

As Tj is greater than TU|tconn(n) a secondary reinforcement of 1.0m length is provided at an elevation of 0.609m
=

## Therefore 5^for the bottom most layer for connection

Tj

70.07*0.406/0.505
56.3
Tj

56.3 <

KN/m
^ Tu|tconn (n)
61.8

Ultimate
limit state

Serveciability
limit state

combinations

1.5

1.5

uuuuuuu

m
m

(Critical

O.K

base of width L

I(V1+V2+V3)

L/6
1.27 O.K

466.29 kN/m2

O.K

18.5 KN/m3

Lever
Arm

where

XI

3.8 m

1.6 m

X2

0.8 m

X3

3.8 m

80.84 kN/m

O.K

## 1.5 from Table

L/2-

12 of BS 8006-1 :

2010

(Mr-M0)
I(V1+V2+V3)*1.5
3.8

7031.9
2524.28

3.80-

2.786

1.014 m

<

L/6

<

1.27 O.K

## First layer from bottom

Second layer from bottom

## (for bottom grid)

calculating the tension due to the st 1.6m

1.6 m

0.8 m

Density of Conc

where hj =

SL

= A*yc

(10.75-0.2)

25 KN/m3

Geogrid Data
Geogrid
Type #3

#4
#5

80.0

100.0

120.0

1.15

1.15

1.15

Geogrid Type #6
150.0

1.1
1.51
41.88

52.35

62.82

78.53

O.K

jlli C
t r-.-J |jfr.

## from Table 11 of BS; 8006-1 : 2010

from Table 11 of BS; 8006- a' tan
from Table 9 of BS; 8006-1 /ms

where a1 =

0.8

## from Table 11 of BS: 8006

Pj * p* Le*(ffs*Vl*hj)/Tj*fn
Where fp = 1.3 from Table 11 of BS: 8006-1: 2010

## n) = ultimate connection strength

acs = apparent minimum connection strength between geogrid reinforcement and block unit
Acs = apparent angle of friction for connection of geogrid reinforcement and block unit
shall be considered from Type #6 grid to block connection report

24 KN/m
0.305 m

Ei

0.203 m

0.203+((0.609-0.203J/2)
0.406 m

O.K