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Subject Pronouns/The Ve Se omer We can use subject personal pronouns before a verb instead of the noun or the name of a person. These ar Singular Plural ' we you you he, she, it they Wesphieyoo Binaries 3 © We use he fora man ora boy. man = he boy he @ We use she for a woman or a girl. ¥ woman = she gin = she We use It for a thing or an animal when we do not know its sex. When we talk about our pets or animals whose sex we know we can = é % use he or she. cere ea Write he, she, it, we, you or they. car mit bear = it A TONY ersscltéione 9 Mary and you Inthe plural we use they for people, animats, 2 MIC® nan 10. woman .. plants and things. 3 ring : 11 Mrand Mrs Smith 3 4 Anna 12 dishes 5 Samand! 19. Jenny 6 cats 14 boys _— 7 man 15 elephant . man and woman = they roses = they 8 balls 46 brush 1 ‘A Are you from England? He's Tom and she’s Helen. B: No, we aren't. We're from China, They are friends. lam tim Lam not I'm not Ami? You are You're ‘You are not You aren't Are you? He is He's He is not He isn't Ishe? She is She's She is not ‘She isn’t Is she? ttis Its ttis not isnt Is it? We are We're We are not We aren't ‘Are we? You ate Youre You are not You aren't Are you? They are Theyre They are not ‘They aren't Are they? Look at the pictures and fill in ‘fe/she/it is or they are. 1 He is... postman. 5 brushes. Ea doctors. 6 sso DaKEr, 2 ace, % a tennis ball 4 a hairdresser. 8 a singer, about yourself. Then, In pairs, act out ® First answer the following questions the dialogue with the books closed. ‘A: Who are you? Be. ‘A: Where ate you from? B: ... from .... A: Howold are you? B: Subject Pronouns/The Write questions and answers as in the example. SS Fill in the gaps as in the examp! Long form Short form 1 Are they singers? 1 1...am... a student, 1. i a student, No, they aren't... 2G enone ffOM Spain, — WE snem ftom Spain. ~Thoy're dancers. 8 He conn Not a doctor. a doctor. 4 You a singer. oon Singer. 5 She on. an actress an actress. et watch ~ a waich. a 7 They... not painters. painters. a rot tall tall 1. @ Waiter? Singular tam = You are > He/Sheftt is oi eu & Write the plural. een apples? She is a al. waThey are girl. oak ~ He is a teacher. srontcunnen nee fOMALOES. Itis a deer. ei Jam a boy. 7 She is a policewoman itis a giratte. = am a baker. He is aman. You are a child, Itis a box. abear? Somrvousens a bird, 7 Short answers are answers to questions which begin with the verb form is/are. In short answers we do not repeat the whole question. We only use Yes ‘or No, the subject pronoun and the verb form is (isn't) / are (aren't). e.g. Are you British? No, Ym nat: Pe ‘Yes, lam/we are. No, Im not/we aren't, . a teacher? a photographer, ‘Are you .? Is helsheft..2 Are they 2 ronouns/The Verb "To Be” {W) Look at the table and answer the ‘& questions. Paul England 34 iter Rosa italy 30 actress Chin China 25 teacher Mel China 25 teacher Where js Paulfosa Where are Chin and from? Mei from? How old is he/she? Haweold are they? What is hisfher job? What are their jobs? (ii) Now, til in issn, are/arer 1) Paul ..i2. from England, He... from China. . 94 years old. He ...... a writer. . from Italy. She 15 years old 30 years old. She ...... an actress. from China, They ..... from 25 years old. They achers. oy Correct the mistakes. 4 Sarah and | am sisters. 2 Ben and Tim is at school 9 Horses and cows is animals. 4 England are a country. 5 Timare trom America. Look at the pictures and fill in isiisn’t, are/aren't and the correct personal pro- noun he, she, it or they, Alice is a teacher. 's she old? No, she isn't. She is young. 1% Greg and Bob naval officers. . at home now? This a musical instrument. ee a a cumpet? No, . a saxophone 3 ‘Ny 4 Look at the pictures and write questions and answers as in the amples. 1 (newiola 4 (weak/strong) Je it new®, . No, it isn’t new. Jt is ol. ee 2 (ugy/beautitul) 5 (slowstast) 3 (shorvtallp (sad/nappy) The Verbs "Have Go What have they got? A bird has got a beak, They've got rolisr blades. a a tail and wings. They haven't got skate- boards, Has she got fong hair? No, she hase. ‘Se has got a headache. She’s got short hair. We use the verb have (got): a) to show that something belongs to somebody e.g. He's got a ball b) to describe people, animais or things @.9. She's got hlue eyes. ¢) with the following expressions: i've got a headache, I've got a temperature, I've got a cough, {ve got toothache , I've got a cold, I've got a problem. aaa have (got) Ive (got) U have not (got) ——_Lnaven’t (got) Have I (goo? You have (got) You've (got) You have not (got! You haven't (got) Have you (got)? He has (got) He's (got) He has not igot) He hasn't (got), Has he (got)? She has (got) ‘She's (go!) She has not (got) She hasn't (got) Has she (got)? ithas (got) t's (got) ‘it has not (got) hasn't (got} Has it (got)? We have (got) We've (go!) We have not (got) We haven't (got) Have we (got)? You have (got) You've (got) You have not (gol) You haven't (go!) Have you (got)? They have (got) They've (got) They have not (gol) They haven't got) Have they (got)? First say what they have got, then write as in the example. 1 He has got'a quitar. oasen Got"-"Can” eo Fill in have got or has got. Then write questions and negations as in the example. 1. Steven ..has got... a new car tlas Steven got... a bicycle? No, Steven hasn't got a bieycle... 2 Sally an umbrella, ne a hat? oon 8 Parrot. .ahorse? 4 The table four legs. . — a -» thiee legs? 5 1 @ White cat. a black cal? . allong tail. a shor tail? 8 ule .. . abig house, a small house? In short answers we only use Yes or No, the subject Pronoun and the verb have ¢haven'tyyhas (hasn't), We don't use got. 2.9. Have you got a car? Yes, | have. Yes, Vive have, 2 Le Ee No, we haven't, Yes, he/shefit has. ? Hess sno oot No, he/she/it hasn't. Yes, they have. Have they got ..? eee No, they havent. Look at the objects in the table. In Pairs, ask and answer what you, your parents and your brother/sister have/ thas got or haven't/hasn't got as in the ‘example. eg. SA: Have you got a calculator? SB: Yes, I have. $A; Have your parents got a jeep? SB: No, they haven't. mobie phone guitar Ithas got/ Tom's got = Tom has got 8 Put the words in the correct order to make sentences and write them out using the full form of the verbs as in the example. 1. she's/hairiblonde/got She has got bionde hair 2 a/ got Tony's / red / ball 3 goldfish / seven / got / he's 4 a/it's / kite yellow 5 a/got/ they've /car/new 6 big/a/it's / house Write questions and answers as in the example. e a (womanfolonde hair) {o0y/do1) tadytunbro) (gtotietsnort neck) Chevicrums) Complete the sentences with have/ has got or haven't/nasn't got and one of the words from the I a lot of pets, a headache, four legs, toothache, her glasses, a balcony, enough money, sharp teeth 1 Idon't feel very well. I've gor a headache. 2 Ws anice fat but it : E 3 Most animals a ¥ 4 Katy likes animats. She... 5 I'm going to call the dentist. | 6 Grandma can’t read the letter. She 7 Sharks .. 8 We must go to the bank. We The Verbs "Have @ Activity é Look at the pictures. in palts ask and answer ‘questions using the prompts as in the example. €.9. SA: Has Fiona Smith got a cheap car? ‘SB; No, she hasn't. She's got an expensive car. 4 (Fiona Smithicheap ca) 5 (Fona Smithvmany jaws) 2 (Mary Newion/small 6 (Mary Newton/a yacht) house) 7 (Fiona Smitha big heuse) 3 (Fiona Smith/a tent) 8 (Mary Newton/many 4 (Mary Newton/a watch) dresses) Name: Fiona Mame: Mary Smith Newton job: acess | Job: typist é Activity a ‘Write about Fiona Smith and Mary Newton as in the ‘example: Yes, they can. They can ride @ horse. (Can we pley on 0 ‘computer, please’ The verb can is the same in all persons in the singutar and in the plural and is always followed by a verb. We use It: a) to show ability e.g. {can sing. ) to ask somebody to do something for us e.g: Can you open the door, please? ¢) to ask for something e.g. Can J havo a piece of cake, please? 4) to ask for permission to do something e.g. Can we play on the computer, please? Joan walk cannot walk You can walk You cannot walk He can walic He cannot walk She can walk She cannot walk Mtcan walk It cannot walk We can walk We cannot walk You can walle You cannot walk ‘They can walk They cannot walk Note: the negative form cannot Is one word. Look at the pictures and ask and answer as in the example. ‘SA: What can he do? SB: He can si. NA: 2.swim 5. talk 6. take photographs ce a! can't walk Can | walk? You can’t walk Can you walk? He can’t walk Can he walk? She can't walk Can she walk? oan't wall Can it walk? We can’t walk Can we walk? You can’t walk Gan you walk? They can't walk Can they waik? on = as Make sentences which are true using can or can't. An artist /paint pictures An artist can paint pictures. A cat /fly A cat can't fly. A monkey / climb trees A leopard / run fast A pilot / fly an aeroplane dog / talk. A tish / walk An elephant / fy .. A baker / make bread A hamster / ride a bicycle Yes, llyowhe, ete. can. Can ltyouihe, ete, ...2 yeh No, Ityourhe, ete. can't. Put a tick (VJ for each thing you can do and @ cross (x) for ¢ach thing you can’t do. Then, ask your partner what he/she can or can’t do. Finally, tell the class what you and your friend can and can't do as in the example. eg. | can speak English, cook epaghetti and draw but | can't play a musical intrument, drive a car or type. My friend Maria ... My fiend play a musical instrument | speak English “tT ‘cook spaghetti drive a car draw type For each of the situations below, fill in the gaps with Can you or Can {and a verb from the list. borrow, carry, have, help | some colfea, please? € Activity ka Jim Lawton is a stunt man, He can do many dan- that he can’t do. Look at the pictures and in pairs: ask and answer questions as in the example, 2.9. SA: Can he drive a racing car? SB: Yes, he can. eH ey Jim Lawton had an accident. He broke his leg. a) What can’t he do now? Use the verbs from the list below to write sentences using can’t. drive - Jump - dive - climb e.g. He can't drive a racing car. b) What can Jim do? Use the verbs from the list below to write sentences using can. read - talk - write - watch - listen e.g. He can read a magazine.