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BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (ARCHITECTURE)

AAR 554
BUILDING SERVICES

REPORT ON REFUSE COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL, ELECTRICAL


SERVICES AND TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM AT KLANG
SENTRAL BUS TERMINAL A (TRANSPORTATION BUILDING)

Prepared By,
Siti Hajar Binti Roslan
Muhammad Danial Amin Bin Zulkifli
2011881718
Nur Munifah Putri Mohd Joha
Mohamed Azrul Bin Noor Azizul Rahim
Siti Nuradila Binti Zulkifli
Al Azim Bin Noor Azmi

A -2011892338
CC - 2011864372
D - 2011282232
D - 2011404606
E - 2010284196

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CONTENT

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

ASSIGNMENT BRIEFING

INTRODUCTION

A. REFUSE COLLECTION & DISPOSAL


- Application
- Method Collection and Disposal
- Space and location

B. ELECTRICITY COMPONENTS
- Sources and transmission
- Space and location
- Distribution method
- Layout drawing
- Wiring and duct system

C. TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM
- Telephone installation
- Space and Equipment
- Distribution system

APPENDIX

CONCLUSION

REFERENCE

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ACKNOWLEDGE
MENT
Alhamdulillah hi rabbi al amin for the completion of AAR 554 Building
Service Report that we managed to do within this 4 weeks of duration.
First of all, we would like to show our deepest gratitude to Allah SWT for
providing us with good health condition to conduct this assignment. Next, to
everyone who has been so cooperative to our group, especially Miss Diyana from
Titijaya Group Sdn. Bhd. who helped us throughout the process of conducting this
assignment, who provided us with all the information and details on the site at
Klang Sentral and who understood our needs in making this assignment a
success. Next, we would like to thank Mr. Raman, the head of maintenance
worker at Klang Sentral who was our tour guide and also for allowing us to take
the pictures included in this report.
In addition, we would like to thank Puan Rohana who provided us the
space for us to discuss about our assignment and also to Miss Hajar Roslan who
provided us transportation to get to Klang Sentral within the three days of backand-fro.
Last but not least, we would like to thank our lecturers, En. Mohd
Nasurudin Hasbullah and En. Amran Abdul Rahim for their unconditional support
and guidance in the process of the completion of this report. Congratulations to
all group members (Siti Hajar, Nur Munifah Putri, Siti Nur Adila, Mohd Danial
Amin, Mohamed Azrul and Al Azim) for completing this report. Alhamdulilah for
all the blessing from Allah SWT.

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ASSIGNMENT
BRIEFING

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INTRODUCTION

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THE BUILDING

Building
name :
Owner

Developer

Consultin
g
Engineers
Main
Contracto
r
Electrical
Contracto
r

Klang Sentral Bus Terminal A,


Bukit Raja Meru 41050 Klang
Selangor
Majlis Perbandaran Klang
Bangunan Sultan Alam Shah
Jalan Perbandaran
41675, Klang Bandar DiRaja
Selangor
NPO Development Sdn. Bhd.
Lot 3.10, 3rd Floor,
Plaza Metro
Jalan Meru, 41050, Klang,
Selangor
Fadhullah & Associates
Consulting Engineers
Eka Bina Construction Sdn. Bhd.

Pinetek Electrical Engineering Sdn. Bhd.

CASE STUDY ON SITE FOR THIS BUILDING SITE SELECTION

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Figure 1 : Location Plan of Klang Sentral


Klang Sentral is located the northern part of the royal town of Klang in Selangor.
It is situated near the intersection of NKVE-MERU link highway (from Bukit Raja
and to Setia Alam)
It is strategically situated about 9 kilometers away from the Klang town centre,
away from the daily pack route of Klang-Shah Alam.
The building that we decided to cover was Klang Sentral Bus Terminal A, while
Sani Express Bus Terminal (Terminal B) was not under our research.
Giant Hypermarket and McDonalds Drive Thru were built close to Klang Sentral,
which makes it well recognized and attractable to all users and passers-by

Figure 2 : Front and Side Elevations of Klang Sentral Bus Terminal A

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Among the facilities provided in the Klang Sentral are:

LCD TV fitted with Electronic Coach Information System


24 hours security.
CCTV.
Fully air-conditioned terminal, including waiting area, ticket counter and
others.
Air-conditioned lounge.
Public Address System for bus arrival and departure.
Covered bus platform.
Disable-friendly.
LCD TV fitted with Electronic Coach Information System.
Ample of waiting/holding bay for buses.
Lift and escalator.
Toilet with Baby Changing Room.
Car parking.

The next two pages are provided with ground floor plan and first for plan
respectively.

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A. REFUSE
COLLECTION
AND DISPOSAL

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REFUSE COLLECTION AND REFUSE DISPOSAL STUDY AT KLANG SENTRAL


BUS TERMINAL.

Figure 3 : Daily activity at the bus central.

Klang Central Bus terminal is known to be heavily dense with users


each day. When there are customers and workers, they will engage
in producing solid wastes such as plastic wrappers, bottles, water
cans, papers and food wastes. Judging by the copius amounts of
users, therefore the amount of wastes that will be produces will be
even greater. The management of the terminal must have efficient
waste management to prevent any sort of contamination and
pollution caused by unattended wastes.
The types of waste produced at the terminal is the solid wastes
such as plastic bottles, drinking cans, papers, food polystyrene and
food wastes. These must be carefully selected by the workers so the
process of recycling can take place even as the rest of the waste will
be carried off to the landfill.
The management of the terminal, NPO Management handles this
situation with great efficiency. They have hired Wellgon (m) SDN
BHD to attend to the refuse collection and disposal.

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1. Refuse Collection
Refuse collection is defined as transfer of solid wastes from the position of
usage until it is attended to be collected by the garbage truck to be brought to
the landfill. Many factors were taken into consideration to make the flow of
waste collection flow smoothly.
These factors include;
a. Type and size of waste bins to be used.
b. Position these bins will be placed around the terminal.
c. Schedule for the bins to be serviced.
d. How the wastes are going to be serviced.
1.a Type and size of waste bins used.
At the terminal, they used three types of waste bins. They are the regular waste
basket, trash cans and the dumpster.
The regular waste baskets are placed inside each office, shops and toilets to
dispose solid wastes.

Figure 4 : Waste can in the toilet.

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Secondly, trash cans are also place all around the terminal main spaces, lounge
and waiting area. Then cleaners will service them and carried off to the
dumpster.

Trash can is placed


there.

The third is the main dumpster. The main dumpster is place at


the outside of the building. This is to prevent contamination
and easy for service works.

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Figure 5: The Dumpster.


Below is its position in the building.

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The refuse collection management also made a systematic


schedule to service these waste trash cans. The cleaners hired
by the management will be handling the service however the
waste disposal will be handled by another contractor.
The wastes from the office will be collected by cleaners from
the office each morning as it is according to schedule. Some of
the office workers will dispose their waste themselves at the
trash cans at the main spaces.
The cleaners will continue their waste collection on the main
trash cans. Below is the flow of waste collection. It started from
the office waste then to the general solid wastes and the
cleaners will use the service elevator present to bring them
down to the dumpster. This is to avoid tainting the main space
area and to avoid discomfort for the users.
The last destination will be the dumpster outside of the
building. The management hired Wellgon (M) SDN BHD. This
company has been handling wastes all around Klang Valley. The
schedule of the waste collection is on Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturdays. The company uses the standard waste lorry.

Figure 6 : The waste collecting lorry used.

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2. Refuse Disposal.
Refuse disposal is defined as collection, treatment, disposal
technique of wastes in the terminal. There are four types of
refuse disposal which are incineration, recycling, and disposal
at the landfill.
As for Klang Central Bus Terminal, Wellgon (M) Sdn Bhd
applied the landfill technique. Following to the schedule, they
will collect the collected waste and will deport them at Teluk
Kapas Landfill, Klang. Below is its location;

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When the wastes were brought to the landfill; the company


will not dump all of the waste already. They will collect
recyclable materials such as tins, bottles, glass bottles and
papers.
From here, we concluded, the solid wastes collected from the
terminal will be first, recycled and then other solid wasted will
be dumped into the landfill. This will minimise pollution and
increase chances of reusable items.

Figure 7 : Recyclable materials will be collected and recycled.

Figure 8 : Excess wastes will be dumped into the landfill.


As a conclusion, we have learnt that waste collection and
disposal has to be taken seriously and efficiently to ensure
users comfortability and to maintain the terminals cleanness. If
these aspects are not taken care of, much negative impact will

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happen such as sickness outbreak and the landscape of the


terminal will be affected.

B. ELECTRICITY
COMPONENTS

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UNIT SUBSTATION

A substation is a high-voltage electric facility.


It is used to switch generators, equipment and circuits or lines in and out
of system.
A Substation is also used to change AC voltages from one level to another,
or change alternating current to direct current or direct current to
alternating current.
There are small substations and large one.
The small substation is a little more than a transformer and relates
switches, while the large one has several transformers and dozens of
switches and equipment.

Figure: TNB Unit Substation outside Klang Sentral

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C.
TELECOMMUNICATION
SYSTEM

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TELEPHONE INSTALLATION

Telephone installation is the process by which a telephone unit is


connected to telephone line.
In most cases, telephone installation is a service offered by telephone
companies to other subscriber. However, telephone installation may
also be done by user who want to add an additional unit to an existing
line as an extension
Telephone installation tools include the following: drill, drill bit, flathead
screwdriver, fish tape, and cable test equipment
Cable test equipment is very important telephone installation tool
because they enable users to test their own lines for dial tones.
The only pieces of hardware needed aside from the telephone itself are
modular jack boxes and at least a four-strand phone wire. Drill and drill
bit come in handy for any type of installation job
A flathead screwdriver is necessary for telephone installation because
all screws used in telephone wiring have slotted tops. Fish tapes are
used for wiring into walls.
Once telephone installation is completed, the subscriber may start
using the telephone line to make and receive phone calls. It is
important for users who want to do the telephone installation to know
and recognize basic telephone wiring.

TELECOMMUNICATION INSTALLATION
For the terminal, they are using telephone, fax machine and internet
network as their telecommunication system.
For telephone and fax machine, it has a distribution box located at the
ground floor of the building linked all the telephone and the fax
machine inside the whole building.

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Figure: Telephone Distribution Box

Telephone installation at the terminal sets up the connection of a


telephone set to a switched telephone network. When a person
subscribes to a telephone company to a telephone line, the
telephone company such as TELECOM will send a technician to
perform telephone installation and connect it to the network.
Once telephone installation has been completed, the network
access is activated.
The telephone line becomes open to perform telephony service.
These lines consist of copper wiring on which voice and data is
coursed through.
At the terminal, the telephone line is mainly used for public
telephone and automated teller machine (ATM) besides being an
office use.

Figure:
Telephone cable used for ATM (left) and public phone (right)

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Figure: CCTV Location in the building

Figure: Speaker position