Você está na página 1de 9

# 1 (a)

= [4, -2, 3]

= [5, 6, -1]

a . b

(scalar product of

and

b
) = [4, -2, 3].[5, -6, -1]

= (4x5)+(-2x6)+(3x-1)
= 20-12-3
=5

## (b) Given, vector

= [5, 6, -1] = 5 + 6

x2 + y 2 + z 2

||x|| =

52+62 +(1)2

25+36+1

Unit vector =

(c)

a . b

x
,
x

y
,
x

z
x

## ([ 562 ), ( 662 ) ,( 162 )]

= |a|.|b| cos

4 2+(2)2 +32

Here |a| =
|b| =

Cos =

62

52+62 +(1)2

a . b
|a|.|b| =

=
=

16+4 +9
25+36+1

29

=
=

[ ( 4 i2 j +3 k ) . ( 5i +6 jk ) ]
62 . 29

62

20123
29 . 62

Cos =

cos1

5
29 . 62

5
29 . 62

= 83.22

## (d) let us consider a vector has x= 0 , y=1 and z=?

We also know that for a vectors to be perpendicular to each other,
their scalar product
has to be zero.
(4i-2j+3k).(xi+yj+zk) = 0
(4x0)+(-2)(1)+3(z)=0
0 -2 +3z =0
Z=

( 23 )

( 23 )

## 2(a) Work done is a scalar product of force and displacement

Given, force

F = 3i 5j +2k

Displacement
Work done

= 5i-j+3k

F .

=(3x5)+(-5x-1)+(2x3)
= 15+5+6
= 26j

(b) For

= 3i-5j+2k

For

= 5i-j+3k

|F| =

32+(5)2+22

|F| =

9+25+ 4

|F| =

38

52+(1)2 +32
S

25+1+9
|S| = 35

## For the angle =0

For some displacement, work done

|F|S cos

## minimum force applied is

|F| =
|S|cos
=

26
35 cos 0

26
35

3 (a) given,

a = [-5, 8, 1] = -5i+8j+k

b
= [2,-7,-3] = 2i-7j-3k
a X b

=|I

|-5 8 1|
| 2 -7 -3|

k|
= -17i-13j+19k

it has to
Now, for this vector product to b perpendicular to a
satisfy.

(a X b)
. a

=0

(-17i-13j+19k).(-5i+8j+k) = 0

85-104+19 = 0
0=0

a .

Hence perpendicular to
Similarly

(a X b)
. b

=0

(-17i-13j+19k).(2i-7j-3k)=0
-34+91-57=0
0=0
Hence, perpendicular to

(b)

b
.

a = [-5, 8, 1]

b
= [2,-7,-3]
Let

c = [x,y,z]

## Such that the condition which it satisfy

a .(b X c )

=0

|i
j
k|
(-5i+8j+k). |2 -7 -3| = 0
|x y
z|
(-5i+8j+k).[i(-7z+y)-j(2z+3x)+k(2y+7x)] = 0
35z 15y-16z-24x+2y+7x = 0
19z-13y-17x = 0
17x+13y-19z = 0
The value of x,y,z which satisfy above equation will give us vector C.
We can say that the vector

and

## is independent vector, where as

are dependent
Vectors. Also as it satisfy a.(bXc) = 0, a is perpendicular to

( b X c )

given,

=[3,-62] = 3i-6j+2k

v
w

(a)

= [-1,6,5] = -i+6j+5k

v .
w [( 3 X 1 ) + (6 X 6 ) + ( 2 X 5 ) ]
=
|
w|
[ (1 )2 + ( 6 )2 + ( 5 )2 ]

w v

(b)

[ ( 3 ) + (6 ) +( 2 ) ]
2

w v

## (d) Direction also depends on

v .

is perpendicular to

a b

a . b
|b|

is depending on

a b

then.

|a||b|cos 90
|b|

336+10
62

[ (1 X 3 ) + ( 6 X6 ) + ( 5 X 2 ) ]

v .
w
|v|

## (c) Clearly the magnitude of

5(a) if

29
49

v .

Becomes zero.

=0

(b) It is not possible as long as vector has magnitude and is never equal to
zero.
But if the vector such as dug in is projected it is undefined.

(c)

a b

a . b
= |b|

a b= b a

only if |

Magnitude of

a b

coincident.
(d)

ac

b a

a ( b c )

b . a
|b|

b
=| a
must be equal, it must be in direction of

Only when

a c

As

in magnitude.

|a||c|
|c|

|b||c|
=
|c|

b c

## |b| put |a|

|a||c|
b c
a c
=
|c| =

In place of

Also a( b c ) = a( a c )
=

6(a) if

a . b

a c

a . c

a . b -

a . c

=0

a.( b c

b c

b c

## are equal magnitude.

=0

=0

b =c

(b)

a X b

a X c

Two non collinear vectors gives one products another vetor must be
parallel to give same product, but not the plane is not same.

7(a) consider

= [x,y,z]

= [X2 Y2 Z2]
|i

a X b

k |

= |X1 Y1 Z1|

## = (Y1Z2-Z1Y2)i (X1Z2-Z1X2)j +k(X1Y2-

Y1X2)
|X2 Y2 Z2|

b X a

= |i

k| = (Y2Z1-Y1Z2)i j(X2Z1-Z2X1)+k(Y1Z2-

X1Y2)
|X2 Y2 Z2|
|X1 Y1 Z1|

= -( a X b

8 (a)

a .(b X c )

(b) (a.b)X c

{x,y R}

= scalar
= vector product between a scalar and vector is not possible .

## (c) (aXb)+(c.d) = addition between vector and scalar not possible .

(d) (a.b)+(c.d) = addition of two scales gives scalar.
(e) (aXb).(cXd) = scalar
(f)

X ( c X d )
(a X b)
= not possible

= 105

180-105 = 75
125-75 = 50
230+75 = 305
360-305 = 55
55+50 = 105

## R2=win d 2+ wate r 22 ( wind ) ( water ) cos

2

R =2 +3 2 X ( 2 X 3 ) cos 75
R = 3.14N
Also, we know,

sin sin75
=
3
3.14
= 67.70

## The post should 342.89 bearing with a force of 3.14N

10

250
20
=
sin130 sin
20 sin 30
250

Sin =

sin 1

20 X 0.766
250

1
sin ( 0.061 )

= 3.5
180-(130-3.5) = 46.48

250
x
=
sin30 sin 46.48
X = 236.67 km/h
(a) The bearing angle in the plane should be headings is 133.51

## (b) We know, velocity (V) =

V=

distance ( d )
time ( t )

d
t

d
85
t= =
= 0.35h = 0.35X60 = 21min
v 236.67
Time taken will be around 21 min.