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Ramdom English

You can MISS a bus/plane/train. (Not LOSE)

I missed the bus this morning.
Run or you'll miss the flight!
He's going to miss his train.

#randomenglish Y'all is an Americanism that means "You all."

I'm happy to see y'all.
See y'all later.
Do y'all have any water around here?
Where did y'all go?
Are y'all coming?

#randomenglish Common perfect continuous verbs and beginning phrases:

I've been...
thinking about something
wondering about something
working on something
talking about something
having problems/difficulties with something
studying something
improving something

#randomenglish You can MAKE...your bed, trouble, a meal, problems, a decision, a

comment, a speech, and more.
Use the verb "devour" (dee-vaow-err) to mean "to eat hungrily/ravenously/greedily."
"You already finished your pizza?! You devoured it!"
"Holy cow. I totally devoured that cake."

To STAY UP means to stay awake late. "We stayed up until 2am last night."
For age, say "I am" and NOT "I have."

"I am 33."
"He was 76 years old when he died."
"She's around 40 years old."

"It depends ON" is the correct form of this expression in English. (NOT "depends of")
It depends on the situation.
That depends on the day.
That depends.

If someone is really muscular, you can say they are "jacked." (usually from working out at
the gym)
"Did you see The Rock in Fast and Furious? He was jacked!"
"I want to get jacked by this summer."

Another word for "exhausted/tired" is "beat."

"I'm beat. See you in the morning."
"You look beat. You should get some sleep."
"It's been a long day. I'm beat."

If you're "in over your head," you are in a situation that is too difficult for you to deal with.
"Could you help me with this program? I'm in over my head."
"He just started his job yesterday and he's already in over his head."

Use SINCE with the present perfect to talk about a period, date, or event in the past.
I have lived here since 2009.
We haven't seen each other since high school.
They've been here since I started with the company.

You can CHECK...

The time
Your mail
Your email
Your messages
Your texts
Your grades/scores
Your results

To give bad news in an email, you can start with the following phrases:
I regret to inform you that...
Unfortunately, I must inform you that...

You TAKE a shower, a break, a vacation, your time, a chance, or your best shot.
PICK UP and PUT DOWN are opposites.
Pick up your jacket, please.
Put down your pencils. The test is over.

To put forward an idea/proposal means to introduce it, usually in a meeting.

"I'd like to put forward a new plan."

"Put something away" means to put it in an appropriate place or away from sight.
"Put your books away, please. The test is about to begin."
"He's putting away the dishes."
"Could you put away that candy bar before our son sees it?"

TO CRASH means to go to sleep/bed.

I crashed at 11pm.
Can I crash at your place?
I'm gonna crash as soon as I get home.

You DO...laundry, homework, housework, dishes, a test, an exam, your taxes, your best!
You GET ON and GET OFF public transportation.
Get on/off...
The bus
The train
The plane
The subway/metro
The boat
If you're "for" or "all for" something, you support it.
"I'm all for equality."
"Listen. I'm all for listening to other people's opinions, but he doesn't have the necessary
expertise to say anything important on this topic."

You can "book" (meaning = "reserve") a meeting/a hotel/a room/a reservation/an

"Hello. Can I book a room for July 23rd?"
"Have you booked your hotel yet?"
"If you want to talk to the director, you need to book an appointment."

You can "give something/someone a shot" if you want to try/test it/him/her. "A shot" in this
context can mean "a chance" or "an opportunity."
"I've never gone sky diving, but I'd like to give it a shot one day."
"He doesn't have a lot of experience, but I'd still like to give him a shot."

You "tuck in" your shirt when you push the bottom into your pants. The opposite is
"untuck." You can also use the adjective "untucked."

"Tuck in your shirt!"

"Your shirt is untucked."

HOLD UP can be used as a command to tell someone to stop or wait. "Hold up! What did
you just say?" "Hold up! I'm coming!"
The only time you pronounce regular past verbs with the -id pronunciation is when the verb
ends in T or D. Examples: wanted, needed, guided, decided, succeeded, started.
BROKE means you have no money. LOADED means you're rich.
I can't go out tonight. I'm broke.
Jack's parents are loaded!

PASS OUT can mean to lose consciousness or be slang for sleep.

Mike passed out on the couch.
She passed out bc of the heat.

To "take/have a sip" means to take a small drink of something.

"Can I have a sip of your smoothie?"
"The tea's hot. Sip it."

#RandomEnglish Use ON for days of the week.

I'll see you ON Friday.
We saw each other ON Tuesday.
What do you like to do ON Saturdays?

To invite a guest to sit down, you can say "Have a seat" (neutral) or "Pull up a seat/chair."
"Come in! Have a seat."
"Thanks for coming. Pull up a chair."

Earth mixed with water is called MUD.

Careful. There's a lot of MUD there.
My boots are all MUDDY!
He got MUD on his pants.

You POUR liquid out of a container.

Could you POUR me some juice?
He POURED water on my head!
Would you like me to POUR you some tea?

You MAKE breakfast, a cake, a mistake, something better or worse, time for something,
the best of a bad situation.
You BAKE cakes/cookies/breads/pastries/etc.
I baked some cookies last night.
My mom bakes the best bread!
I haven't baked anything in a long time.

Shorts, jeans, pants, glasses, khakis, etc. are non-count and don't use articles.
I need new jeans.
Do you like my glasses?
I've had these pants for 7 years!
Are you wearing shorts in winter?!
NEVER say "I'm wearing a jeans/glasses/etc."

If you stay in the sun for too long, you can GET/HAVE a SUNBURN or BE SUNBURNED.
Have you seen Sarah? She got a terrible sunburn on her vacation.
Ow! Ow! Ow! Don't touch my shoulders. They're sunburned!

To "come down with something" means to get sick with something.

"I'm coming down with a cold."

"She came down with the flu."
"Ugh. I think I'm coming down with something."

Pronounce the end of regular past verbs with "-t" when the final consonant sound of the
present verb is unvoiced. This means you only use your mouth to make the sound, and
NOT your vocal cords. Common unvoiced sounds: k, p, s, t, f, sh, ch.
Common regular past verbs you must end with a "t" sound: walked, stopped, washed,
watched, passed.
Don't say "walk-it" or "walk-id." Say "walkt." It's very difficult at first, but like anything in life, it
gets easier the more you practice.

CALL OFF means to cancel.

We called off the meeting.
She called the date off.
The game was called off due to rain.

SEEM, LOOK, and APPEAR are usually followed by adjectives.

You seem tired.
He looked awful!
They appear happy.

Common preposition combinations with TO:

I LISTEN TO music.
We're GOING TO Chicago.
She TALKED TO her mom.

In Canada and the United States, most people say "ON the weekend." In the UK, "AT the
weekend" is used.
When you see a doctor, you wait IN the waiting room.
I was in the waiting room for 45 minutes.
Are you still in the waiting room?!

You talk ON the phone.

"I'm on the phone with my dad."
"Who are you on the phone with?"
"Jason's on the phone."

For emphasis, you can say "pounding headache" instead of just headache.
I have a pounding headache!

Use THE to talk about inventions.

The computer has been around for a long time.
The printing press was an important development.
The toilet is the most important invention ever.

WEAR OUT means to use something until it is no longer new or useful.

She WORE OUT her jacket.
I need new shoes. I WORE my old shoes OUT.

Use THE with oceans, seas, and most rivers.

We flew over the Atlantic.
The Caspian Sea is actually a lake.
The Nile is the longest river in the world.

BRACE YOURSELF means to prepare yourself, usually because something challenging or

surprising is coming.
Are you sure you want to hear the bad news? Okay. Brace yourself.
Brace yourself. Winter is coming.

You can DO the following things:

chores, the laundry, the dishes, your homework, your taxes, an exam, a test, a
presentation, and more.

Use "would" to talk about repeated behaviors in the past.

We would always hang out after school.
He would never call me!
After work, I'd take the bus and go home.

You can PUT your clothes ON, or TAKE them OFF. They are both separable.
Take off your boots.
Should I take my shoes off?
Should I put on a hat?
I'll put something warmer on.

THE ROOF is on top of your house. THE CEILING is above your head when you're inside.
There's a spider on the ceiling.
There's a bird on the roof.

You PICK UP and HANG UP the phone.

It's the dentist's office calling. Are you going to pick up?
He was annoying me, so I hung up on him.

"Call me up" is a more informal way of saying "call me."

Call me up after the movie.
I'll call you up on Friday.
He called me up to apologize.

Vader: I find your lack of faith disturbing.

"Lack" means you are missing something.
"He lacks patience." (verb)
"He has a lack of patience." (noun)

Use the "-d" pronunciation with regular past verbs that end with a voiced consonant sound
in their present form.
Voiced consonants: b, g, j, l, m, n, r, v, w, y, z. Example past verbs with "-d" pronunciation:
played, cared, enjoyed, judged.

You BRUSH or COMB your hair, and BRUSH your teeth.

Who combed your hair today? Yikes.
Did you brush your teeth this morning?

Weather vocabulary:
Rain = It's rainy.
Sun = It's sunny.
Clouds = It's cloudy.
Wind = It's windy.
Snow = It's snowy.

GET USED TO means to get familiar or comfortable with something.

I'm getting used to waking up at 6am.
He got used to the cold weather.
It took me 2 months to get used to driving a manual car.

"Wake up" means when you finish sleeping and open your eyes. "Get up" means when you
leave your bed in the morning. However, they are often used interchangeably.
PLUG IN and UNPLUG are opposites.
I need to plug in my phone.
Could you unplug my laptop?
Did you remember to plug it in?

Some more common ON preposition combinations:

I'm ON Chapter 2.
We're ON page 234.
You can find it ON YouTube.

"Come over" means to come to where a person is. (usually their house)
Come over to my house after school.
I'll come over there later.
Could you come over to help me study tonight?

Prepositions practice:
I'll see you AT home.
We're meeting AT 6 o'clock.
They live AT 123 Fake Street.
I'm seeing a movie AT the end of the week.

When you're lying down in bed, you're "in bed." (usually to go to sleep)

Eric? He's already in bed.

We were in bed by 9 o'clock.

GO OUT and STAY IN are opposites.

A: Did you go out this weekend?
B: No, I stayed in. (stayed at home)

2 common adverb+adjective combinations:


Use the plural or A/AN when making general statements about countable nouns.
Cellphones can be annoying.
A car is useful in the city.
An elephant can trample you!


This means "we're finished/we're dead!"
My test is tomorrow. I'm doomed.

The skin of an orange or banana is called a PEEL. It's also a verb that means to remove
the skin from a fruit or vegetable.
Could you peel the potatoes?
There are organge peels all over the floor.

Use THE when talking about mountain ranges, but no article when talking about one

The Rockies
The Alps
Mount Everest
Mount Fuji

Never say "He/She/They said me..." when reporting information. Use these constructions
He TOLD ME to call you.
He TOLD ME (that) he's busy.
She SAID (that) I might get the job.
The report SAID to remain calm.

Han Solo: Great, kid! Don't get cocky!

Cocky (adj.) - arrogant/overconfident
A lot of soccer players are too cocky.
He's too cocky.

I'm ON the phone.
They're AT home.
She's ON her way here.
We're ON the bus/train/plane/metro/subway

Use "used to" to talk about past truths.

I used to live in Rio.
We used to get together every day.
They used to be lawyers.
Mariana used to be the head of that company.
Always use a base verb after "used to."

Use AT for time:

See you AT 6 o'clock.
The movie starts AT 9:30pm.
We met up AT 5pm.

For emphasis, you can say "dead tired" instead of just "tired."
I'm going home. I'm dead tired.
She went to bed. She looked dead tired.


The plane took off on time.
We landed in Toronto.
We touched down at 10pm.

Use "no way" to say something is impossible, or to act surprised.

There's no way they'll win.
They won? No way!

The plural of LEAF is LEAVES.

The leaves have fallen off the trees.
That's a maple leaf.
Don't forget to rake the leaves.

"Look forward to" means to anticipate or be excited about something in the future. It must
be followed by a noun, noun phrase, or gerund.
Lots of people are looking forward to the re-match between Ronda Rousey and Holly Holm.
I'm looking forward to seeing you.
She's looking forward to what happens next.
We're really looking forward to Star Wars next month.

You HAVE food, drink, and meals.

I didn't HAVE breakfast this morning.
She HAD pizza for lunch.
We should HAVE coffee together.

"Ambivalent" (adj.) means to have mixed feelings about something or someone. Use with
"about" or "towards."
I'm ambivalent about the new policy.
She's been ambivalent towards them for years.
He said he's ambivalent about the new Star Wars trailer.

To PUT something OFF means to postpone it.

I always put off studying until the last minute.
You should put that meeting off if you're not ready.
Don't put off washing the dishes for too long.

When you want to talk about your profession or state in life, you must use an article. (a or
"I'm AN accountant."
"I'm A student."
"My sister's AN engineer."
"She's A math teacher."
"Mark's A graphic designer."

Obi-Wan Kenobi: "The force is what gives a Jedi his power. It's an energy field created by
all living things. It surrounds us, penetrates us, binds the galaxy together."

Surround (v.) - to cover on all sides (ex. "The building was quickly surrounded by the
Penetrate (v.) - to enter/pass through (ex. "The knife did not penetrate his skin.")
Bind (v.) - to tie together (ex. "She is bound to her faith.")