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Rationalized Local Planning System of the Philippines 2005

Rationalized Local Planning System of the Philippines 2005

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Publicado porCarl
RATIONALIZED LOCAL PLANNING SYSTEM OF THE PHILIPPINES

Prepared for the Bureau of Local Government Development Department of the Interior and Local Government 2005

A RATIONALIZED LOCAL PLANNING SYSTEM IN THE PHILIPPINES:1 General Introduction

1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Why Rationalized Planning? To begin with, some words about the word “rationalized” in the title. This is the latest and possibly the last attempt to put order to the present chaos that characterizes local planning in the Philippines.
RATIONALIZED LOCAL PLANNING SYSTEM OF THE PHILIPPINES

Prepared for the Bureau of Local Government Development Department of the Interior and Local Government 2005

A RATIONALIZED LOCAL PLANNING SYSTEM IN THE PHILIPPINES:1 General Introduction

1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Why Rationalized Planning? To begin with, some words about the word “rationalized” in the title. This is the latest and possibly the last attempt to put order to the present chaos that characterizes local planning in the Philippines.

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Published by: Carl on Jun 27, 2010
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12/08/2015

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The most common method is cost-benefit analysis (CBA). This method requires
quantification, that is, everything must be expressed in money terms.

The CBA involves the following tasks, as adapted from N. Lichfield:

1)Define the alternative spatial strategies which are under consideration.

2)Estimate the cost of the programs and projects, that is, the value of the capital
investments and operating resources required to realize each alternative
strategy.

3)Define the benefits from the investment, and put a value to these benefits by
methods appropriate to their nature. To avoid inflating the benefits, exclude
those which would emerge even without the investment.

4)Distinguish between realbenefits and costs from those that are transfers.
Real benefits and costs are those resulting in gain or loss to the community as
a whole. Transfers are those gains or losses to some sections of the
community but which will be cancelled out by corresponding gains and losses
to other sections.

5)Relate real benefits to costs by an appropriate criterion (e.g. rate of return)
which needs to be carefully selected according to the circumstances, to
indicate the course which showsthe best value for money.

The CBA format is simple as shown below:

ALTERNATIVE
STRATEGY

BRIEF
DESCRIPTION

BENEFIT

COST

BALANCE

A
B
C
etc.

Some criticisms of this method are:

1)The calculation of costs and benefits in monetary termsmay be too long,
complicated, and expensive.

2)It does not accommodate intangible benefits nor indirect costs of related

projects.

3)It does not give room for uncertainties in implementation.

4)It is suitable for the evaluation of single projects with simple objectives.

112

5)It does not lend itself to participatory processes and is confined to technical
evaluations only.

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